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Green laser

Xuan Cao, Gang Lei, Jingjing Feng, Qi Pan, Xiaodong Wen, Yan He
Creating color difference and improving the color resolution in digital imaging is crucial for better application of color analy-sis. Herein, a novel color modulation analysis strategy was developed by using a homemade tunable multiband laser illumi-nation device, in which the portions of R, G, and B components of the illumination light are discretionarily adjustable, and hence the sample color could be visually modulated continuously in the RGB color space. Through this strategy, the color appearance of single gold nanorods (AuNRs) under dark-field microscopy, was migrated from the spectrally insensitive red region to the spectrally sensitive green-yellow-red region...
January 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Yi-Hsi Chen, Wei-Chen Lin, Jow-Tsong Shy, Hsiang-Chen Chui
A 520-nm InGaN diode laser can emit a milliwatt-level, single-frequency laser beam when the applied current slightly exceeds the lasing threshold. The laser frequency was less sensitive to diode temperature and could be finely tuned by adjusting the applied current. Laser frequency was stabilized onto a hyperfine component in an iodine transition through the saturated absorption spectroscopy. The uncertainty of frequency stabilization was approximately 8×10-9 at a 10-s integration time. This compact laser system can replace the conventional green diode-pumped solid-state laser and applied as a frequency reference...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Saravanan Govindaraju, Arunkumar Rengaraj, Roshini Arivazhagan, Yun-Suk Huh, Kyusik Yun
Curcumin-conjugated gold clusters (CUR-AuNCs) were synthesized using a "green" procedure and utilized as an anticancer and a bioimaging agent. Curcumin is a well-known anticancer agent, which forms a cluster when reacting with a gold precursor under mild alkali condition. A fluorescence spectroscopy analysis showed that the CUR-AuNCs emitted red fluorescence (650 nm) upon visible light (550) irradiation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed the stretching and bending nature between the gold atoms and curcumin...
January 11, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Monika Schechinger, Haley Marks, Andrea Locke, Mahua Choudhury, Gerard Cote
DNA-functionalized nanoparticles, when paired with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), can rapidly detect microRNA. However, widespread use of this approach is hindered by drawbacks associated with large and expensive benchtop Raman microscopes. MicroRNA-17 (miRNA-17) has emerged as a potential epigenetic indicator of preeclampsia, a condition that occurs during pregnancy. Biomarker detection using an SERS point-of-care device could enable prompt diagnosis and prevention as early as the first trimester...
January 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Constantinos Ketonis, Noreen J Hickock, Asif M Ilyas
Introduction  Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) of the hand remains a challenging problem that often requires surgical irrigation and parenteral or oral antibiotics. The authors hypothesize that the pathophysiology and microenvironment of PFT can be likened to that of periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), in which bacteria thrive in a closed synovial space with limited blood supply. As such, they postulate that PFT is also facilitated by bacterial attachment and biofilm formation rendering standard treatments less effective...
December 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Jian Xie, Yaxing Wang, Mark A Silver, Wei Liu, Tao Duan, Xuemiao Yin, Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Zhifang Chai, Shuao Wang
There have been numerous studies on emission-color regulation by the adjustment of molar amounts of multiple trivalent lanthanide cations, such as Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, and others, in many types of solid host materials. Although uranyl emission originating from charge-transfer transitions has been well-recognized and investigated for many decades, as of now there is no report on tunable 4f/5f bimodal emission based on heterobimetallic lanthanide(III) and uranyl(VI) compounds. In most cases, complete energy transfer between uranyl(VI) and lanthanide(III) centers was observed...
January 3, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Zengliang Shi, Yue Duan, Xingjun Zhu, Qiwei Wang, DongDong Li, Ke Hu, Wei Feng, Fuyou Li, Chunxiang Xu
Lanthanide-doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) provide a remote temperature sensing approach to monitoring biological microenvironment. In this research, the UCNPs of NaYF4: Yb3+, Er3+@NaYF4: Yb3+, Nd3+ with hexagonal(β) -phase have been synthesized and applied in cell temperature sensing as well as imaging after surface modification with Meso-2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). In the core-shell UCNPs, Yb3+ ions have been introduced as energy transfer media between sensitizers of Nd3+ and activators of Er3+ to improve Er3+emission and prevent from their quenching behavior due to multiple energy levels of Nd3+...
December 28, 2017: Nanotechnology
Boris le Feber, Ferry Prins, Eva De Leo, Freddy T Rabouw, David J Norris
To improve the photophysical performance of colloidal quantum dots for laser applications, sophisticated core/shell geometries have been developed. Typically, a wider bandgap semiconductor is added as a shell to enhance the gain from the quantum-dot core. This shell is designed to electronically isolate the core, funnel excitons to it, and reduce non-radiative Auger recombination. However, the shell could also potentially provide a secondary source of gain, leading to further versatility in these materials...
December 28, 2017: Nano Letters
Muhammad Imran Din, Farhan Arshad, Zaib Hussain, Maria Mukhtar
Copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) are of great interest due to their extraordinary properties such as high surface-to-volume ratio, high yield strength, ductility, hardness, flexibility, and rigidity. CuNPs show catalytic, antibacterial, antioxidant, and antifungal activities along with cytotoxicity and anticancer properties in many different applications. Many physical and chemical methods have been used to synthesize nanoparticles including laser ablation, microwave-assisted process, sol-gel, co-precipitation, pulsed wire discharge, vacuum vapor deposition, high-energy irradiation, lithography, mechanical milling, photochemical reduction, electrochemistry, electrospray synthesis, hydrothermal reaction, microemulsion, and chemical reduction...
December 28, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jessica F Yang, Kamal Kishore
Objective: To report a case of recurrent vitreous hemorrhage from an optic nerve retinal arterial macroaneurysm (ONRAM) successfully treated with intraoperative endolaser. Patient and Methods: A 92-year-old woman on oral aspirin and warfarin anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation developed three episodes of dense vitreous hemorrhage from an ONRAM. Due to failure of the vitreous hemorrhage to clear spontaneously, a total of three pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) procedures were performed along with a 1...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Prabu Baskaran, Utsab Pan
We report a case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) presented with massive submacular hemorrhage (SMH) and macular hole (MH). Spectral domain optical coherence tomography confirmed the presence of MH along with SMH and also revealed an extrafoveal-notched pigment epithelium detachment (PED) suggestive of PCV. Urgent pneumatic displacement with perfluoropropane (C3F8) was done. Indocyanine green angiography done 3 weeks later showed polyps in the superonasal macula corresponding to PED. Extrafoveal polyps were treated with laser photocoagulation...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Elena Mitrofanov, Tassilo Muskat, Jürgen Grotemeyer
The dissociation reactions of indocyanine green (also known as cardiogreen) have been studied in a Fourier-transform ion-cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer by the application of unimolecular, collision-induced dissociation and photodissociation using femtosecond laser pulses. Ions were prepared by electrospray ionization (ESI) in various solvents. Depending on the properties of the solvent mixture, the mono sodiated molecule could be measured through cation exchange in various compositions. Using a mixture of methanol/water/formic acid as solvent, protonated ions, formed by exchange of sodium, are predominantly observed...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Marcos Frozoni, Marcelo Rocha Marques, Rovilson Gilioli, Luiz Felipe Silva, Adriana de Jesus Soares, Alexandre Augusto Zaia
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the time required for bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) from transgenic green fluorescent protein (GFP)+ donor mice (GFP+ mice) to migrate into the dental pulp of wild-type GFP- recipient mice (GFP- mice) by using bone marrow transplantation (BMT) as an in vivo model for tracking BMDCs from GFP+ mice (GFP+ BMDCs). METHODS: GFP+ BMDCs were injected into irradiated GFP- mice. Maxillary arches, tibiae, and femora from GFP- mice were isolated and processed at 24 hours, 48 hours, 4, 7, and 14 days, and 7 weeks after BMT...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Izumi Yonekawa, Katsuya Mutoh, Yoichi Kobayashi, Jiro Abe
Light-selective multiple photochromic systems are important for advanced photoswitches of chemical reactions and biological activities. While UV light has been frequently utilized to induce photochromic reactions, visible light is energetically acceptable to avoid undesired reactions. However, many of the reported multi-photochromic systems still rely on UV light to induce at least a part of photochromic reactions. Here, we designed a bi-photochromic molecule showing intensity-dependent multiple coloration with a visible light source by incorporating two T-type photochromic units; a colored positive and a colorless negative photochromophores in a molecule...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tibor Kovács, Domokos Máthé, András Fülöp, Katalin Jemnitz, Attila Bátai-Konczos, Zsuzsanna Veres, György Török, Dániel Sándor Veres, Ildikó Horváth, Krisztián Szigeti, László Homolya, Attila Szijártó
Selective portal vein ligation (PVL) allows the two-stage surgical resection of primarily unresectable liver tumours by generating the atrophy and hypertrophy of portally ligated (LL) and non-ligated lobes (NLL), respectively. To evaluate critically important underlying functional alterations, present study characterised in vitro and vivo liver function in male Wistar rats (n = 106; 210-250 g) before, and 24/48/72/168/336 h after PVL. Lobe weights and volumes by magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the atrophy-hypertrophy complex...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Markus Niederer, Urs Hauri, Lydia Kroll, Christopher Hohl
Nowadays, about 12% of the European and 20% of the US population are tattooed. Rising concerns regarding consumer safety, led to legal restrictions on tattoo inks and permanent make-up (PMU) inks. Restrictions also include bans on certain hazardous colourants. Both ink types use organic pigments for colour-giving, plus inorganic pigments for white and black and colour tones. Pigments are only sparingly soluble in common solvents and occur as suspended particles in the ink matrix. Their detection and identification therefore pose a major challenge for laboratories involved in monitoring the legal compliance of tattoo inks and PMUs...
2017: F1000Research
Wei Jiang, Xinghuo Wang, Jiebing Yang, Haobo Han, Quanshun Li, Jun Tang
We reported a facile, economic and green method based on biomimetic mineralization to acquire lipase-inorganic hybrid nanoflower, which was then employed as a biocatalyst for biodiesel production. In the hybrid nanoflower, enzyme molecules and Cu2+ ions were utilized as the organic and inorganic components, respectively. The morphology of nanoflower and the distribution and loading of proteins were systematically characterized by scanning electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, which indicated the successful encapsulation of lipase in the hybrid nanoflower...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Theo G Seiler, Marleen Engler, Eric Beck, Reginald Birngruber, Irene E Kochevar
Purpose: Interface bonding with corneal crosslinking (CXL) after LASIK using two different photosensitizers was studied ex vivo. Methods: A LASIK flap was created in enucleated rabbit eyes using a femtosecond laser. After the dissection, CXL was performed to seal the interface. In one group interface CXL was performed using rose bengal and green light, whereas in a second group riboflavin and UV-A light was used. In both groups irradiance, radiant exposure, dye concentration, and imbibition time was varied...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Atsushi Taniguchi, Yukiko Kimura, Ikue Mori, Shigenori Nonaka, Shin-Ichi Higashijima
Green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent proteins have been found to undergo efficient photoconversion by a new method termed primed conversion that uses dual wave-length illumination with blue and red/near-infrared light. By modifying a confocal laser-scanning microscope (CLSM) such that two laser beams only meet at the focal plane, confined photoconversion at the axial dimension has been achieved. The necessity of this custom modification to the CLSM, however, has precluded the wide-spread use of this method...
December 13, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
Ali Hariri, Jeanne Lemaster, Junxin Wang, AnanthaKrishnan S Jeevarathinam, Daniel L Chao, Jesse V Jokerst
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a non-invasive, high-resolution hybrid imaging modality that combines optical excitation and ultrasound detection. PAI can image endogenous chromophores (melanin, hemoglobin, etc.) and exogenous contrast agents in different medical applications. However, most current equipment uses sophisticated and complicated OPO lasers with tuning and stability features inconsistent with broad clinical deployment. As the number of applications of PAI in medicine increases, there is an urgent need to make the imaging equipment more compact, portable, and affordable...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
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