keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Uterus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475127/brief-hypoxic-cycles-improve-uterine-contractile-function-after-prolonged-hypoxia-in-term-pregnant-but-not-in-nonpregnant-rats-in-vitro
#1
Mohammed Alotaibi
During labour, the uterus itself is vulnerable to hypoxia/ischemia that can occur with each strong contraction and this may ultimately cause dysfunctional labour in some women. Periods of Intermittent re-oxygenations are beneficial to tissues subjected to hypoxia to wash out metabolic by-products that have been accumulated during hypoxic stresses which may affect the tissue viability. We proposed that short intermittent hypoxic episodes may protect the uterus from subsequent sustained long hypoxia. To investigate this, two sets of experiments were performed on term-pregnant and nonpregnant rat uterine tissues...
February 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475047/are-3d-ultrasound-and-office-hysteroscopy-useful-for-the-assessment-of-uterine-cavity-after-late-foetal-loss
#2
Thellier Elise, Levaillant Jean-Marc, Pourcelot Anne-Gaëlle, Houllier Marie, Fernandez Hervé, Capmas Perrine
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of office hysteroscopy and 3D ultrasound for the diagnostic of uterine anomalies after late foetal loss. METHOD: This retrospective observational study took place in the gynaecologic unit of a teaching hospital from 2009 to 2014. Women with late foetal loss (< 22 weeks of gestation) had an office hysteroscopy and 3D ultrasound within 3 months after delivery. The results of the ultrasound and hysteroscopy were recorded and compared...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472419/a-womb-like-a-broken-heart
#3
Amenda Ann Davis
Uterine perforation during hysteroscopic operative procedures is a potential complication well known to gynaecologists. Uterine septa are a commonly encountered Müllerian anomaly related to pregnancy loss and infertility. Hysteroscopic resection of septa has shown to improve pregnancy outcome. There are limited case reports of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies after hysteroscopic septal resection. Our patient had a hysteroscopic septal resection done a year prior which was complicated by a uterine fundal perforation, left to spontaneously heal after immediate sealing with cautery...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471395/origin-and-composition-of-cell-free-dna-in-spent-medium-from-human-embryo-culture-during-preimplantation-development
#4
M Vera-Rodriguez, A Diez-Juan, J Jimenez-Almazan, S Martinez, R Navarro, V Peinado, A Mercader, M Meseguer, D Blesa, I Moreno, D Valbuena, C Rubio, C Simon
STUDY QUESTION: What is the origin and composition of cell-free DNA in human embryo spent culture media? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cell-free DNA from human embryo spent culture media represents a mix of maternal and embryonic DNA, and the mixture can be more complex for mosaic embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In 2016, ~300 000 human embryos were chromosomally and/or genetically analyzed using preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) or monogenic disorders (PGT-M) before transfer into the uterus...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467407/maternal-obesity-induced-decreases-in-plasma-hepatic-and-uterine-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-during-labour-is-reversed-through-improved-nutrition-at-conception
#5
Ronan Muir, Ge Liu, Raheela Khan, Anatoly Shmygol, Siobhan Quenby, Robert Alan Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Matthew Elmes
Maternal obesity is associated with prolonged and dysfunctional labour, potentially through decreased synthesis of prostaglandins that stimulate myometrial contractions. We assessed the impact of maternal obesity on concentrations of precursor fatty acids (FA) for prostaglandin synthesis and whether any changes could be reversed by improved nutrition post-conception. Wistar rats were fed control (CON) or High-Fat, High-cholesterol (HFHC) diets 6 weeks before mating. At conception half the dams switched diets providing 4 dietary groups: (1) CON, (2) HFHC, (3) CON-HFHC or (4) HFHC-CON...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466767/-18-f-labeled-estradiol-derivative-for-targeting-estrogen-receptor-expressing-breast-cancer
#6
Duo Xu, Rongqiang Zhuang, Linyi You, Zhide Guo, Xiangyu Wang, Chenyu Peng, Deliang Zhang, Pu Zhang, Hua Wu, Weimin Pan, Xianzhong Zhang
INTRODUCTION: A novel radiotracer 1‑(2‑(2‑(2‑[18 F]fluoroethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)‑1H‑1,2,3‑triazole‑estradiol ([18 F]FETE) was successfully synthesized, characterized and evaluated in mice for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer targeting with positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. METHODS: The tosylate precursor 3 was radiolabeled with18 F and then reacted with 17α‑ethinyl‑estradiol to produce the final [18 F]FETE. The physicochemical properties of [18 F]FETE were tested in vitro, including determination of the octanol/water partition coefficient, stability and cellular uptake in MCF-7 (ER-positive) and MDA-MB-231 (ER-negative) cells...
February 2, 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466308/the-use-of-manual-vacuum-aspiration-in-the-treatment-of-incomplete-abortions-a-descriptive-study-from-three-public-hospitals-in-malawi
#7
Maria Lisa Odland, Gladys Membe-Gadama, Ursula Kafulafula, Geir W Jacobsen, James Kumwenda, Elisabeth Darj
Malawi has a high maternal mortality rate, of which unsafe abortion is a major cause. About 140,000 induced abortions are estimated every year, despite there being a restrictive abortion law in place. This leads to complications, such as incomplete abortions, which need to be treated to avoid further harm. Although manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) is a safe and cheap method of evacuating the uterus, the most commonly used method in Malawi is curettage. Medical treatment is used sparingly in the country, and the Ministry of Health has been trying to increase the use of MVA...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459744/calpain7-impairs-embryo-implantation-by-downregulating-%C3%AE-3-integrin-expression-via-degradation-of-hoxa10
#8
Qiang Yan, Chenyang Huang, Yue Jiang, Huizhi Shan, Ruiwei Jiang, Junxia Wang, Jingyu Liu, Lijun Ding, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
Endometriosis (ENDO) is a common gynecological disease that causes infertility in many women. Previous studies noted that the dysregulation of Homeo box A10 (HOXA10) in the endometrium of women with ENDO was involved in the failure of embryo implantation. However, the mechanism by which HOXA10 expression is reduced in women with ENDO is still poorly understood. Here we found that a member of the calcium (Ca2+ )-dependent cysteine protease family calpain7 (CAPN7), negatively correlated with HOXA10, was highly expressed in the endometrium of infertile women with ENDO and was significantly downregulated during the window of embryo implantation in mice...
February 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459612/review-of-uterine-sling-after-five-years-of-operation-in-a-40-years-lady
#9
R A Khanam, A Rubaiat, A S Azam
Uterine sling is a operation, done with own rectus sleeve to correct the uterine descend. If necessary correction of cystocele and/or rectocele and or perineal tear done on the same sitting. After 5 years of such operation abdomen of Mrs. X was opened due to ovarian cyst in Nirapad Hospital, Shantinagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh on August 2016. Uterus was found in normal position and size. Rectus sleeves were found attached with the uterus where it was anchored. Omentum was attached over the rectus sleeves and sealed the weak points at both lateral ends of the rectus sleeves through which the sleeves were taken to the abdominal cavity...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459601/age-related-variation-in-the-number-of-endometrial-gland-in-bangladeshi-cadaver
#10
Z G Ara, A S Islam, U K Zaman, M M Rahman, A Ara, M S Ahmed, T Begum
This cross-sectional descriptive study was done to see the variation in the number of endometrial gland in Bangladeshi cadaver in different age groups to find out the anatomical variation and to compare it with other study findings. For this purpose 30 post mortem specimens containing female genital organs particularly uterus were collected by purposive sampling technique from cadavers of different age groups. All the collected specimens were fixed in 10% formalin solution. This study was carried out in the department of Anatomy, Mymensingh Medical College from July 2006 to June 2007...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458976/small-cell-cancers-of-the-female-genital-tract-molecular-and-clinical-aspects
#11
REVIEW
Jay R Patibandla, Julia E Fehniger, Douglas A Levine, Petar Jelinic
OBJECTIVE: Extra-pulmonary small cell carcinomas of the gynecologic tract (EPSCC-GTs) are a rare group of aggressive malignancies associated with poor prognoses and limited treatment options. Here, we review the clinical and molecular aspects of EPSCC-GTs and discuss how understanding their molecular features can assist in their diagnosis and the identification of novel effective treatments. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for articles using the following keywords: "small cell carcinoma" in combination with "neuroendocrine", "ovary", "vagina", "fallopian tube", "vulva", "endometrium", "uterus", "cervix", or "gynecologic"...
February 17, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458899/single-port-access-laparoscopic-subtotal-hysterectomy-using-contained-manual-morcellation-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-taiwan
#12
Shih-Shien Weng, Yi-Chun Chou, Fang-Ju Sun
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical outcomes of single port access laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (LSH) using in-bag manual morcellation and evaluate the feasibility of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with symptomatic leiomyoma or adenomyosis were enrolled. A 2-cm transverse incision was made at the umbilicus and single port apparatus (LagiPort) was applied. After dissection of vesicouterine peritoneum from the uterus, the uterine ligaments and vessels were secured and transected by Gyrus PK cutting forceps...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458886/laparoscopic-en-bloc-resection-of-a-para-cervical-cancer-with-ohvira-syndrome
#13
Soshi Kusunoki, Kuan-Gen Huang, Angelito Magno
OBJECTIVE: There are some reports of cervical cancer with uterus didelphys but a case of clear cell carcinoma (CCCC) with Obstructed Hemivagina and Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome is extremely rare. The aim of this paper was to report a case of CCCC with OHVIRA syndrome and the difficulty in making a preoperative diagnosis. CASE REPORT: A 65 years old woman presented with postmenopausal bleeding and pelvic examination showed right paracervical mass. Preoperative confirmation of cervical carcinoma was difficult due to the location of the mass, which was inaccessible by cervical punch biopsy...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458879/a-case-of-rapidly-growing-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma-which-was-histologically-diagnosed-before-operation-and-removed-by-a-laparoscopic-resection
#14
Akira Nakabayashi, Nobuko Takahashi, Kazunori Hashimoto, Reiko Nagata, Tomomi Hashimoto, Tomoko Yamamoto, Hideo Matsui
OBJECTIVE: Atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APAM) is an epithelial-mesenchymal mixed tumor which often develops in the uterine cavity of reproductive age women, requiring preservation of the reproductive functions. Preoperative endometrial biopsy may not yield histological diagnosis as the tumor is a solid smooth muscle tumor. The standard treatment option is a hysteroscopic resection for the diagnosis and the treatment at the same time. CASE REPORT: We report a case of rapidly-growing APAM successfully diagnosed preoperatively via transcervical punch biopsy followed by a laparoscopic resection...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458878/variations-in-clinical-presentation-of-unicornuate-uterus-with-non-communicating-rudimentary-horn-class-iib-of-the-american-fertility-society-classification
#15
María Luisa Sánchez-Ferrer, María Teresa Prieto-Sanchez, Francisco Sánchez Del Campo
OBJECTIVE: The unicornuate uterus is a rare uterine malformation (2.4-13.7% of all uterine malformations (Engmann et al., 2004)) which usually features a rudimentary accessory horn in more than 75% of the cases. Pregnancy in the rudimentary horn is rare, but the complications attached to such pregnancies could be defined as the first clinical manifestation of rudimentary horn. CASE REPORTS: We hereby describe five cases of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn (UUWRH), each one with a different clinical presentation and without any correct preoperative diagnosis, and henceforth reflect on the practical aspects learnt about the differential diagnosis and management of this rare malformation...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458779/systemic-treatment-in-adult-uterine-sarcomas
#16
REVIEW
I M E Desar, P B Ottevanger, C Benson, W T A van der Graaf
Uterine sarcomas (US) are rare mesenchymal tumours of the uterus and are divided mainly into uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS), low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS), high grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS), adenosarcomas and high grade undifferentiated sarcoma (HGUS). US are often high-grade tumours with a high local recurrence rate and metastatic risk. We here discuss the current standard of care and knowledge of systemic therapy for adult uterine sarcomas, in particular uLMS, LG-ESS, HG-ESS and HGUS, in both the adjuvant as well as the metastatic setting...
February 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458081/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-dehp-alters-proliferation-and-uterine-gland-numbers-in-the-uteri-of-adult-exposed-mice
#17
Kadeem A Richardson, Patrick R Hannon, Yvette J Johnson-Walker, Maung Sun Myint, Jodi A Flaws, Romana A Nowak
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that has been shown to impair normal reproductive function in males and females. This study investigated whether adult exposure to environmental and occupational doses of DEHP alters homeostasis of uterine proliferation, morphology, and number of uterine glands. Adult female CD1 mice were orally dosed with DEHP (0, 20 μg/kg/day, 200 μg/kg/day, 20 mg/kg/day or 200 mg/kg/day) for 30 days. Results indicated that DEHP at 200 μg/kg/day caused a reduction in epithelial cell proliferation in the uterus (p < ...
February 16, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457433/-effect-of-50-hz-1-8-mt-sinusoidal-electromagnetic-fields-on-bone-mineral-density-in-growing-rats
#18
Yu-Hai Gao, Yan-Feng Zhou, Shao-Feng Li, Wen-Yuan Li, Hui-Rong Xi, Fang-Fang Yang, Ke-Ming Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (SEMFs) on bone mineral density (BMD) in SD rats. METHODS: Thirty SD rats weighted(110±10) and aged 1 month were randomly divided into control group and electromagnetic field group, 15 in each group. Normal control group of 50 Hz 0 mT density and sinusoidal electromagnetic field group of 50 Hz 1.8 mT were performed respectively with 1.5 h/d and weighted weight once a week, and observed food-intake...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456472/electron-beam-intraoperative-radiotherapy-eliot-in-pregnant-women-with-breast-cancer-from-in-vivo-dosimetry-to-clinical-practice
#19
Maria Leonardi, Agnese Cecconi, Rosa Luraschi, Elena Rondi, Federica Cattani, Roberta Lazzari, Anna Morra, Santos Soto, Vanna Zanagnolo, Viviana Galimberti, Oreste Gentilini, Fedro Peccatori, Barbara Jereczek-Fossa, Roberto Orecchia
Background: The aim of this study was to confirm our preliminary results with in vivo dosimetry in non-pregnant breast cancer patients receiving electron beam intraoperative radiotherapy (ELIOT) and to report on the first treatment in a pregnant woman. Patients and Methods: Following our previous experience, 5 non-pregnant patients receiving ELIOT to the tumor bed after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) were studied with thermoluminescent dosimeters positioned in the subdiaphragmatic region, within the uterus, and in the ovarian region...
December 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455621/optimization-of-endometrial-decidualization-in-the-menstruating-mouse-model-for-preclinical-endometriosis-research
#20
Daniëlle Peterse, Katrien De Clercq, Chloë Goossens, M Mercedes Binda, F O Dorien, Philippa Saunders, Joris Vriens, Amelie Fassbender, Thomas M D'Hooghe
BACKGROUND: To induce endometrial decidualization in rodents, an intrauterine oil stimulus can be delivered via the nontraumatic vagina or via the traumatic laparotomy. However, there is considerable variation in amount of decidualization using these inducing methods. Therefore, we studied which oil delivery route could achieve the highest rate of endometrial decidualization along the full length of both uterine horns. METHODS: To induce decidualization, ovariectomized C57Bl/6J mice were injected with estrogen (100 ng/day; 3 days)...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
keyword
keyword
7781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"