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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812931/advocacy-and-public-policy-perceptions-and-involvement-of-master-certified-health-education-specialists
#1
Dianne L Kerr, Emily Van Wasshenova, Rachel Mahas, F Jeannine Everhart, Amy Thompson, Debra Boardley
Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES; n = 186) participated in a mail survey on advocacy and public policy. Over half of participants reported that they had contacted a public official or provided policy-related information to consumers or other professionals. Participants identified barriers and benefits to influencing public policy. The greatest benefit was identified as improving the health or welfare of the public while the greatest barrier was that they were busy with other priorities. Participants also described their level of involvement, knowledge, training in advocacy, and their self-efficacy in performing various advocacy activities...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811369/obesity-associated-gene-tmem18-has-a-role-in-the-central-control-of-appetite-and-body-weight-regulation
#2
Rachel Larder, M F Michelle Sim, Pawan Gulati, Robin Antrobus, Y C Loraine Tung, Debra Rimmington, Eduard Ayuso, Joseph Polex-Wolf, Brian Y H Lam, Cristina Dias, Darren W Logan, Sam Virtue, Fatima Bosch, Giles S H Yeo, Vladimir Saudek, Stephen O'Rahilly, Anthony P Coll
An intergenic region of human chromosome 2 (2p25.3) harbors genetic variants which are among those most strongly and reproducibly associated with obesity. The gene closest to these variants is TMEM18, although the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects remain entirely unknown. Tmem18 expression in the murine hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) was altered by changes in nutritional state. Germline loss of Tmem18 in mice resulted in increased body weight, which was exacerbated by high fat diet and driven by increased food intake...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810935/men-s-sexual-coerciveness-perceptions-of-women-s-attachment-and-dating-preferences
#3
Lucie Holmgreen, Debra Oswald
This study examined whether sexually coercive men are uniquely drawn to certain attachment styles in women. Specifically, it employed an experimental design to investigate what sorts of inferences men draw about women based on women's attachment styles and whether a woman's attachment style may serve as an indicator of vulnerability, rendering sexually coercive men more attracted to some women than to others. One-hundred thirty-six college men completed a measure of sexual coerciveness and answered questions about personal ads experimentally manipulated for portrayed attachment style...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810452/structure-coercive-control-and-autonomy-promotion-a-comparison-of-fathers-and-mothers-food-parenting-strategies
#4
Mercedes Pratt, Debra Hoffmann, Maija Taylor, Dara Musher-Eizenman
This study explored differences in mothers' and fathers' food parenting strategies, specifically coercive control, structure, and autonomy promotion, and whether parenting style and parental responsibility for food parenting related to the use of these strategies. Parents of children aged 2.5-7.5 years ( N = 497) reported about their parenting practices and food parenting strategies. Parenting style accounted for the majority of the variance in food parenting. Fathers were more authoritarian than mothers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810422/measurement-invariance-of-intuitive-cancer-risk-perceptions-across-diverse-populations-the-cognitive-causation-and-negative-affect-in-risk-scales
#5
Raymond E Baser, Yuelin Li, Debra Brennessel, M Margaret Kemeny, Jennifer L Hay
Intuitive cancer risk perceptions may inform strategies to motivate cancer prevention behaviors. This study evaluated factor structure and measurement invariance of two new measures of intuitive cancer risk, the Cognitive Causation and Negative Affect in Risk scales. Single- and multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis models were fit to responses from three diverse samples. The confirmatory factor analysis models fit the data well, with all comparative fit indices (CFI) ≥ 0.94. Items flagged by chi-square difference tests as potentially non-invariant were largely invariant between samples according to practical fit indices (e...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810101/you-abused-what-getting-high-with-unique-medications
#6
Nicole Heeren, Debra Farver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810092/how-healthy-is-student-interest-in-health-care-professions
#7
Dan Hansen, Debra Farver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809387/accuracy-and-safety-of-the-cytosponge-for-assessing-histologic-activity-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-two-center-study
#8
David A Katzka, Thomas C Smyrk, Jeffrey A Alexander, Debra M Geno, RoseMary A Beitia, Audrey O Chang, Nicholas J Shaheen, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: Management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) requires repeated endoscopic mucosal sampling to assess disease activity. A less invasive and expensive means of monitoring of EoE is required. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy, safety, and tolerability of the cytosponge compared to endoscopy and biopsy for histologic assessment of EoE. METHODS: In this prospective two-center cross-sectional study, patients with known EoE underwent cytosponge sampling followed by endoscopy and biopsy...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808621/von-brunn-s-nests-and-follicular-cystitis-following-intradetrusor-onabotulinumtoxina-injections-for-overactive-bladder
#9
Silpa Nekkanti, Andrew Doering, Debra L Zynger, Andrew F Hundley
A 67-year-old female with refractory OAB was treated with intradetrusor Botox. She subsequently developed multiple papillary bladder lesions with tissue biopsy showing Von Brunn's nests. Von Brunn's nests are benign bladder lesions similar in appearance to a rare urothelial tumor called Nested Variant of Urothelial Carcinoma (NVUC). It is critical that patients with these findings undergo evaluation to rule out the presence of carcinoma. This finding suggests the possibility of a previously unreported adverse reaction in association with intradetrusor Botox...
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808169/author-response-autopsy-validation-of-123-i-fp-cit-dopaminergic-neuroimaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-dlb
#10
Alan J Thomas, Johannes Attems, Sean J Colloby, John T O'Brien, Ian McKeith, Rodney Walker, Lean Lee, David Burn, Debra J Lett, Zuzana Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808160/incremental-contributions-of-fbaa-and-other-impetigo-associated-surface-proteins-to-fitness-and-virulence-of-a-classical-group-a-streptococcal-skin-strain
#11
Candace N Rouchon, Anhphan T Ly, John P Noto, Feng Luo, Sergio Lizano, Debra E Bessen
Group A streptococci (GAS) are highly prevalent human pathogens whose primary ecological niche is the superficial epithelial layers of the throat and/or skin. Many GAS strains having a strong tendency to cause pharyngitis are distinct from strains that tend to cause impetigo; thus, genetic differences between them may confer host tissue-specific virulence. In this study, the FbaA surface protein gene is found to be present in most skin specialist strains, but largely absent from a genetically-related subset of pharyngitis isolates...
August 14, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807460/metabolic-syndrome-cluster-does-not-provide-incremental-prognostic-information-in-patients-with-stable-cardiovascular-disease-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-aim-high-trial
#12
Radmila Lyubarova, Jennifer G Robinson, Michael Miller, Debra L Simmons, Ping Xu, Beth L Abramson, Marshall B Elam, Todd M Brown, Ruth McBride, Jerome L Fleg, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Woubeshet Ayenew, William E Boden
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a well-known risk factor for the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease; yet, controversy persists whether it adds incremental prognostic value in patients with established CV disease. OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to determine if MS is associated with worse CV outcomes in patients with established CV disease treated intensively with statins. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of the Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes trial, in which patients with established CV disease and atherogenic dyslipidemia (n = 3414) were randomly assigned to receive extended release niacin or placebo during a mean 36-month follow-up, to assess whether the presence of MS or the number of MS components contributed to CV outcomes...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806946/improving-access-to-mental-health-care-in-an-orthodox-jewish-community-a-critical-reflection-upon-the-accommodation-of-otherness
#13
Phil McEvoy, Tracey Williamson, Raphael Kada, Debra Frazer, Chardworth Dhliwayo, Linda Gask
BACKGROUND: The English National Health Service (NHS) has significantly extended the supply of evidence based psychological interventions in primary care for people experiencing common mental health problems. Yet despite the extra resources, the accessibility of services for 'under-served' ethnic and religious minority groups, is considerably short of the levels of access that may be necessary to offset the health inequalities created by their different exposure to services, resulting in negative health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805533/women-veterans-and-menopause-knowledge-and-preferences
#14
Noella A Dietz, Tatiana Mijares-Cantrell, Daisy Acevedo, Debra Annane, Remberto Rodriguez, Panagiota Caralis, Silvina Levis
BACKGROUND: The increasing number and older age of women Veterans receiving care at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) requires healthcare providers to adjust to their changing patient population. We explored women Veterans' self-reported knowledge of menopause, current/preferred sources of menopausal health information, and perceptions/barriers regarding treatment of menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at two South Florida VHA facilities in 2014, which included 30 women Veterans (aged 45-60 years) who visited VHA primary care clinics at least once in the past year...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804918/low-rank-approximation-methods-for-mr-fingerprinting-with-large-scale-dictionaries
#15
Mingrui Yang, Dan Ma, Yun Jiang, Jesse Hamilton, Nicole Seiberlich, Mark A Griswold, Debra McGivney
PURPOSE: This work proposes new low rank approximation approaches with significant memory savings for large scale MR fingerprinting (MRF) problems. THEORY AND METHODS: We introduce a compressed MRF with randomized singular value decomposition method to significantly reduce the memory requirement for calculating a low rank approximation of large sized MRF dictionaries. We further relax this requirement by exploiting the structures of MRF dictionaries in the randomized singular value decomposition space and fitting them to low-degree polynomials to generate high resolution MRF parameter maps...
August 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804224/ptsd-and-alcohol-associations-among-trauma-exposed-women-critical-questions-for-the-field
#16
Debra Kaysen, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Cynthia A Stappenbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803676/ranavirus-phylogenomics-signatures-of-recombination-and-inversions-among-bullfrog-ranaculture-isolates
#17
Sieara C Claytor, Kuttichantran Subramaniam, Nelmarie Landrau-Giovannetti, V Gregory Chinchar, Matthew J Gray, Debra L Miller, Carla Mavian, Marco Salemi, Samantha Wisely, Thomas B Waltzek
Ranaviruses are emerging pathogens of fish, amphibians, and reptiles that threaten aquatic animal industries and wildlife worldwide. Our objective was to genetically characterize ranaviruses isolated during separate bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus die-offs that occurred eight years apart on the same North American farm. The earlier outbreak was due to a highly pathogenic strain of common midwife toad virus (CMTV) previously known only from Europe and China. The later outbreak was due to a chimeric ranavirus that displayed a novel genome arrangement and a DNA backbone typical for Frog virus 3 (FV3) strains except for interspersed fragments acquired through recombination with the CMTV isolated earlier...
August 10, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#18
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802198/body-image-in-emerging-adults-the-protective-role-of-self-compassion
#19
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13-18 years, mean=18.36 (1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801975/trends-in-aging-related-services-during-nephrectomy-implications-for-surgery-in-an-aging-population
#20
Hung-Jui Tan, Mark S Litwin, Karim Chamie, Debra Saliba, Jim C Hu
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the extent to which geriatric and related healthcare services are provided to older adults undergoing surgery for kidney cancer, a potential growth area in geriatrics and oncology. DESIGN: Population-based observational study. SETTING: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer data linked with Medicare claims. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 65 and older with kidney cancer treated surgically from 2000 to 2009 (N = 19,129)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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