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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140945/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-incidence-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-of-international-classification-of-diseases-clinical-modification-9th-revision-diagnosed-influenza-and-related-complications-in-us-children
#1
Philip O Buck, David M Smith, Rahul Shenolikar, Debra E Irwin
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the clinical and economic impact of seasonal influenza in children. This study estimated the incidence of diagnosed influenza and related complications and associated health care resource utilization and costs in US children. METHODS: Children ≥6 months and <18 years old diagnosed with influenza using International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification, 9th revision codes and enrolled in a health plan during at least one influenza season between 2010 and 2014 were matched to similar patients without diagnosed influenza (GSK study identifier: HO-15-15728)...
December 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138303/cxc-chemokines-exhibit-bactericidal-activity-against-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-pathogens
#2
Matthew A Crawford, Debra J Fisher, Lisa M Leung, Sara Lomonaco, Christine Lascols, Antonio Cannatelli, Tommaso Giani, Gian Maria Rossolini, Yohei Doi, David R Goodlett, Marc W Allard, Shashi K Sharma, Erum Khan, Robert K Ernst, Molly A Hughes
The continued rise and spread of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens pose a serious challenge to global health. Countering antimicrobial-resistant pathogens requires a multifaceted effort that includes the discovery of novel therapeutic approaches. Here, we establish the capacity of the human CXC chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 to kill multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, including New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and colistin-resistant members of the family Enterobacteriaceae that harbor the mobile colistin resistance protein MCR-1 and thus possess phosphoethanolamine-modified lipid A...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137691/goodbye-theory-practice-gap-highlighting-the-neuman-systems-model
#3
Debra R Hanna, Eileen Gigliotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#4
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136488/leading-the-way-in-preventing-childhood-obesity-in-georgia
#5
Emily Anne Vall, Debra L Kibbe, Jean C O'Connor, Christine Greene, Kathleen S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136396/building-early-academic-career-capacity-through-mentoring
#6
Michelle Cleary, Debra Jackson, Jan M Sayers, Violeta Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136387/randomized-multicenter-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-duloxetine-versus-placebo-for-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgias-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-swog-s1202
#7
N Lynn Henry, Joseph M Unger, Anne F Schott, Louis Fehrenbacher, Patrick J Flynn, Debra M Prow, Carl W Sharer, Gary V Burton, Charles S Kuzma, Anna Moseley, Danika L Lew, Michael J Fisch, Carol M Moinpour, Dawn L Hershman, James L Wade
Purpose Adherence to aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for early-stage breast cancer is limited by AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS). Duloxetine is US Food and Drug Administration approved for treatment of multiple chronic pain disorders. We hypothesized that treatment of AIMSS with duloxetine would improve average joint pain compared with placebo. Methods This randomized, double-blind, phase III trial included AI-treated postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer and who had average joint pain score of ≥ 4 out of 10 that developed or worsened since AI therapy initiation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136183/glyphosate-use-and-cancer-incidence-in-the-agricultural-health-study
#8
Gabriella Andreotti, Stella Koutros, Jonathan N Hofmann, Dale P Sandler, Jay H Lubin, Charles F Lynch, Catherine C Lerro, Anneclaire J De Roos, Christine G Parks, Michael C Alavanja, Debra T Silverman, Laura E Beane Freeman
Background: Glyphosate is the most commonly used herbicide worldwide, with both residential and agricultural uses. In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic to humans," noting strong mechanistic evidence and positive associations for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in some epidemiologic studies. A previous evaluation in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) with follow-up through 2001 found no statistically significant associations with glyphosate use and cancer at any site...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135771/detecting-lung-and-colorectal-cancer-recurrence-using-structured-clinical-administrative-data-to-enable-outcomes-research-and-population-health-management
#9
Michael J Hassett, Hajime Uno, Angel M Cronin, Nikki M Carroll, Mark C Hornbrook, Debra Ritzwoller
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent cancer is common, costly, and lethal, yet we know little about it in community-based populations. Electronic health records and tumor registries contain vast amounts of data regarding community-based patients, but usually lack recurrence status. Existing algorithms that use structured data to detect recurrence have limitations. METHODS: We developed algorithms to detect the presence and timing of recurrence after definitive therapy for stages I-III lung and colorectal cancer using 2 data sources that contain a widely available type of structured data (claims or electronic health record encounters) linked to gold-standard recurrence status: Medicare claims linked to the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance study, and the Cancer Research Network Virtual Data Warehouse linked to registry data...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135428/handwriting-and-common-core-state-standards-teacher-occupational-therapist-and-administrator-perceptions-from-new-york-state-public-schools
#10
Debra Collette, Kylie Anson, Nora Halabi, April Schlierman, Allison Suriner
Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children's written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children's written expression...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133312/exploring-perceptions-and-experiences-of-patients-who-have-chronic-pain-as-state-prescription-opioid-policies-change-a-qualitative-study-in-indiana
#11
Morhaf Al Achkar, Debra Revere, Barbara Dennis, Palmer MacKie, Sumedha Gupta, Shaun Grannis
OBJECTIVES: The misuse and abuse of prescription opioids (POs) is an epidemic in the USA today. Many states have implemented legislation to curb the use of POs resulting from inappropriate prescribing. Indiana legislated opioid prescribing rules that went into effect in December 2013. The rules changed how chronic pain is managed by healthcare providers. This qualitative study aims to evaluate the impact of Indiana's opioid prescription legislation on the patient experiences around pain management...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129448/disentangling-frailty
#12
Saliba Debra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129182/integrated-one-stop-shop-youth-health-care-best-available-evidence-and-future-directions
#13
Sarah E Hetrick, Alan P Bailey, Kirsten E Smith, Ashok Malla, Steve Mathias, Swaran P Singh, Aileen O'Reilly, Swapna K Verma, Laelia Benoit, Theresa M Fleming, Marie Rose Moro, Debra J Rickwood, Joseph Duffy, Trissel Eriksen, Robert Illback, Caroline A Fisher, Patrick D McGorry
Although mental health problems represent the largest burden of disease in young people, access to mental health care has been poor for this group. Integrated youth health care services have been proposed as an innovative solution. Integrated care joins up physical health, mental health and social care services, ideally in one location, so that a young person receives holistic care in a coordinated way. It can be implemented in a range of ways. A review of the available literature identified a range of studies reporting the results of evaluation research into integrated care services...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128433/shared-decision-making-in-home-hospice-nursing-visits-a-qualitative-study
#14
Debra Parker Oliver, Karla Washington, George Demiris, Audrey Wallace, Marc R Propst, Aisha M Uraizee, Kevin Craig, Margaret F Clayton, Maija Reblin, Lee Ellington
BACKGROUND: Shared decisions between health care providers and patients and families are replacing the traditional physician-driven plans of care. Hospice philosophy recognizes the patient and family as a unit of care and embraces their role in decision making. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the shared decisions between hospice nurses and patients and family members. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of audio recordings of 65 home hospice nurse visits Settings/participants: 65 home hospice nurse visits in 11 different US hospice programs RESULTS: To varying degrees, hospice nurses used all the recommended elements of shared decision making during home visits with patients and families; however, not all elements were used in every visit...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128295/the-impact-of-peer-mentor-communication-with-older-adults-on-depressive-symptoms-and-working-alliance-a-pilot-study
#15
Jin Hui Joo, Seungyoung Hwang, Joseph J Gallo, Debra L Roter
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to describe peer communication in meetings with depressed elders, associate their relationship with working alliance and depression and assess congruence of communication with training. METHODS: Three peers with a history of depression, in recovery, received 20h of training in peer mentoring for depression as part of an 8-week pilot program for 23 depressed older adults. Each peer-client meeting was recorded; a sample of 69 recorded meetings were chosen across the program period and coded with the Roter Interaction Analysis System, a validated medical interaction analysis system...
October 20, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125949/student-nurse-non-attendance-in-relation-to-academic-performance-and-progression
#16
Catriona Levshankova, Debra Hirons, Jennifer A Kirton, Katherine Knighting, Annette M Jinks
BACKGROUND: High levels of non-attendance are reported in nurse education programmes even though literal interpretation of UK national guidelines implies mandatory student attendance is a requirement for all elements of pre-registration undergraduate programmes. OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between undergraduate student nurse non-attendance, academic performance and progression. DESIGN: A quantitative study using audit approaches was undertaken...
November 2, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124747/medicare-and-medication-access-basics-for-providers-and-patients
#17
EDITORIAL
Debra Saliba
Patients and families frequently turn to healthcare providers and health researchers for advice about insurance plans and healthcare related purchases. While these questions occur throughout the year, they are more frequent during the annual Medicare Open enrollment period which this year runs from October 15, 2017 to December 7, 2017. During this period, eligible individuals may enroll in or change their Medicare Part D plan and enroll in or change their Medicare Advantage plan (Medicare part C). This article is protected by copyright...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122551/crispr-mediated-deletion-of-the-pecam-1-cytoplasmic-domain-increases-receptor-lateral-mobility-and-strengthens-endothelial-cell-junctional-integrity
#18
Danying Liao, Heng Mei, Yu Hu, Debra K Newman, Peter J Newman
AIMS: PECAM-1 is an abundant endothelial cell surface receptor that becomes highly enriched at endothelial cell-cell junctions, where it functions to mediate leukocyte transendothelial migration, sense changes in shear and flow, and maintain the vascular permeability barrier. Homophilic interactions mediated by the PECAM-1 extracellular domain are known to be required for PECAM-1 to perform these functions; however, much less is understood about the role of its cytoplasmic domain in these processes...
November 6, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122250/trunk-and-hip-muscle-activation-during-yoga-poses-implications-for-physical-therapy-practice
#19
Debra Beazley, Shilpa Patel, Brent Davis, Steven Vinson, Lori Bolgla
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare activation of core muscles during yoga to traditional back exercises. METHODS: Surface electromyography was used to quantify activation of the rectus abdominis (RA), abdominal obliques (AO), lumbar extensors (LE), and gluteus maximus (GMX) during four yoga poses. Data were expressed as 100% of a maximum voluntary isometric contraction. Separate analyses of variance with repeated measures were used to compare muscle activity across each exercise...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121920/telephone-triage-utilization-among-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency
#20
Jane W Njeru, Swathi Damodaran, Frederick North, Debra J Jacobson, Patrick M Wilson, Jennifer L St Sauver, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark L Wieland
BACKGROUND: Communication between patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and telephone triage services has not been previously explored. The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization characteristics of a primary care triage call center by patients with LEP. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the utilization of a computer-aided, nurse-led telephone triage system by English proficiency status of patients empaneled to a large primary care practice network in the Midwest United States...
November 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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