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item response theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933907/generating-lies-produces-lower-memory-predictions-and-higher-memory-performance-than-telling-the-truth-evidence-for-a-metacognitive-illusion
#1
Miri Besken
Manipulations that induce disfluency during encoding generally produce lower memory predictions for the disfluent condition than for the fluent condition. Similar to other manipulations of disfluency, generating lies takes longer and requires more mental effort than does telling the truth; hence, a manipulation of lie generation might produce patterns similar to other types of fluency for memory predictions. The current study systematically investigates the effect of a lie-generation manipulation on both actual and predicted memory performance...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933896/the-effects-of-sleep-deprivation-on-item-and-associative-recognition-memory
#2
Roger Ratcliff, Hans P A Van Dongen
Sleep deprivation adversely affects the ability to perform cognitive tasks, but theories range from predicting an overall decline in cognitive functioning because of reduced stability in attentional networks to specific deficits in various cognitive domains or processes. We measured the effects of sleep deprivation on two memory tasks, item recognition ("was this word in the list studied") and associative recognition ("were these two words studied in the same pair"). These tasks test memory for information encoded a few minutes earlier and so do not address effects of sleep deprivation on working memory or consolidation after sleep...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933890/environmental-sensitivity-in-children-development-of-the-highly-sensitive-child-scale-and-identification-of-sensitivity-groups
#3
Michael Pluess, Elham Assary, Francesca Lionetti, Kathryn J Lester, Eva Krapohl, Elaine N Aron, Arthur Aron
A large number of studies document that children differ in the degree they are shaped by their developmental context with some being more sensitive to environmental influences than others. Multiple theories suggest that Environmental Sensitivity is a common trait predicting the response to negative as well as positive exposures. However, most research to date has relied on more or less proximal markers of Environmental Sensitivity. In this paper we introduce a new questionnaire-the Highly Sensitive Child (HSC) scale-as a promising self-report measure of Environmental Sensitivity...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931496/computerized-adaptive-testing-provides-reliable-and-efficient-depression-measurement-using-the-ces-d-scale
#4
Bao Sheng Loe, David Stillwell, Chris Gibbons
BACKGROUND: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a measure of depressive symptomatology which is widely used internationally. Though previous attempts were made to shorten the CES-D scale, few have attempted to develop a Computerized Adaptive Test (CAT) version for the CES-D. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide evidence on the efficiency and accuracy of the CES-D when administered using CAT using an American sample group. METHODS: We obtained a sample of 2060 responses to the CESD-D from US participants using the myPersonality application...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926191/clinical-validation-of-the-nursing-outcome-swallowing-status-in-people-with-stroke-analysis-according-to-the-classical-and-item-response-theories
#5
Ana Railka de Souza Oliveira-Kumakura, Thelma Leite de Araujo, Alice Gabrielle de Sousa Costa, Tahissa Frota Cavalcante, Marcos VenĂ­cios de Oliveira Lopes, Emilia Campos Carvalho
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To validate clinically the nursing outcome "Swallowing status". METHODS: The adjustment of the nursing outcome was investigated according to the Classical and Item Response Theories. The models were compared regarding information loss, goodness-of-fit, and differential item functioning. Stability and internal consistency were examined. RESULTS: The nursing outcome has the best fit in the generalized partial credit model with different discrimination parameters...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923032/big-hearts-small-hands-a-focus-group-study-exploring-parental-food-portion-behaviours
#6
Kristina Curtis, Louise Atkins, Katherine Brown
BACKGROUND: The development of healthy food portion sizes among families is deemed critical to childhood weight management; yet little is known about the interacting factors influencing parents' portion control behaviours. This study aimed to use two synergistic theoretical models of behaviour: the COM-B model (Capability, Opportunity, Motivation - Behaviour) and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify a broad spectrum of theoretically derived influences on parents' portion control behaviours including examination of affective and habitual influences often excluded from prevailing theories of behaviour change...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917603/development-of-the-nurses-care-coordination-competency-scale-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-critical-care-settings-in-japan-part-1-development-of-a-measuring-instrument
#7
Chie Takiguchi, Yumiko Yatomi, Tomoko Inoue
OBJECTIVES: To develop a draft scale measuring nurses' care coordination competency for care of mechanically ventilated patients in critical care settings. METHOD: The scale items and concepts were derived from semi-structured interviews with 28 professionals (14 nurses, eight physicians, three physical therapists, three clinical engineers) who are managing mechanically ventilated critical care patients. A grounded theory approach was used. After content validation by experts, two pilot tests were used to identify and correct non-discriminating items and vague items...
September 13, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915820/item-response-modeling-a-psychometric-assessment-of-the-children-s-fruit-vegetable-water-and-physical-activity-self-efficacy-scales-among-chinese-children
#8
Jing-Jing Wang, Tzu-An Chen, Tom Baranowski, Patrick W C Lau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of four self-efficacy scales (i.e., self-efficacy for fruit (FSE), vegetable (VSE), and water (WSE) intakes, and physical activity (PASE)) and to investigate their differences in item functioning across sex, age, and body weight status groups using item response modeling (IRM) and differential item functioning (DIF). METHODS: Four self-efficacy scales were administrated to 763 Hong Kong Chinese children (55...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903685/evaluating-the-dimensionality-of-self-determination-theory-s-relative-autonomy-continuum
#9
Kennon M Sheldon, Evgeny N Osin, Tamara O Gordeeva, Dmitry D Suchkov, Oleg A Sychev
We conducted a theoretical and psychometric evaluation of self-determination theory's "relative autonomy continuum" (RAC), an important aspect of the theory whose validity has recently been questioned. We first derived a Comprehensive Relative Autonomy Index (C-RAI) containing six subscales and 24 items, by conducting a paired paraphrase content analysis of existing RAI measures. We administered the C-RAI to multiple U.S. and Russian samples, assessing motivation to attend class, study a major, and take responsibility...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902006/development-of-survey-scales-for-measuring-exposure-and-behavioral-responses-to-disruptive-intraoperative-behavior
#10
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Sandra Robinson, Eric Jacobsohn
OBJECTIVES: Disruptive intraoperative behavior has detrimental effects to clinicians, institutions, and patients. How clinicians respond to this behavior can either exacerbate or attenuate its effects. Previous investigations of disruptive behavior have used survey scales with significant limitations. The study objective was to develop appropriate scales to measure exposure and responses to disruptive behavior. METHODS: We obtained ethics approval. The scales were developed in a sequence of steps...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901893/using-item-response-theory-to-address-vulnerabilities-in-ffq
#11
Josh B Kazman, Jonathan M Scott, Patricia A Deuster
The limitations for self-reporting of dietary patterns are widely recognised as a major vulnerability of FFQ and the dietary screeners/scales derived from FFQ. Such instruments can yield inconsistent results to produce questionable interpretations. The present article discusses the value of psychometric approaches and standards in addressing these drawbacks for instruments used to estimate dietary habits and nutrient intake. We argue that a FFQ or screener that treats diet as a 'latent construct' can be optimised for both internal consistency and the value of the research results...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900804/a-nonparametric-multidimensional-latent-class-irt-model-in-a-bayesian-framework
#12
Francesco Bartolucci, Alessio Farcomeni, Luisa Scaccia
We propose a nonparametric item response theory model for dichotomously-scored items in a Bayesian framework. The model is based on a latent class (LC) formulation, and it is multidimensional, with dimensions corresponding to a partition of the items in homogenous groups that are specified on the basis of inequality constraints among the conditional success probabilities given the latent class. Moreover, an innovative system of prior distributions is proposed following the encompassing approach, in which the largest model is the unconstrained LC model...
September 12, 2017: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900407/psychometric-properties-of-a-multidimensional-scale-of-sense-of-community-in-the-school
#13
Gabriele Prati, Elvira Cicognani, Cinzia Albanesi
Sense of community in the school has been associated with a range of important outcomes for students. However, there are currently no standard definitions of sense of community in the school with corresponding measures with established psychometric properties. To fill this gap, the main aim of the present study was to propose a model of sense of community in the school, its operationalization and to examine its key psychometric properties (factorial structure, reliability, differential item functioning, differential test functioning of the scale and discriminant, convergent, and criterion validity)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900361/developing-a-stoma-acceptance-questionnaire-to-improve-motivation-to-adhere-to-enterostoma-self-care
#14
REVIEW
A Bagnasco, R Watson, M Zanini, G Catania, G Aleo, L Sasso
INTRODUCTION: In stoma care, patient education is often weak in terms of improving patients' level of acceptance of living with a stoma. Self-care educational interventions in enterostomal patients, which according to Orem's Theory should take into account these patients' specific needs, require instruments that measure patients' stoma acceptance to improve motivation based on the resumption of activities they used to carry out before having a stoma. The aim of the study was to develop an instrument that measures the level of stoma acceptance to improve motivation to adhere to enterostoma self-care...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900070/item-development-process-and-analysis-of-50-case-based-items-for-implementation-on-the-korean-nursing-licensing-examination
#15
In Sook Park, Yeon Ok Suh, Hae Sook Park, So Young Kang, Kwang Sung Kim, Gyung Hee Kim, Yeon-Hee Choi, Hyun-Ju Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to improve the quality of items on the Korean Nursing Licensing Examination by developing and evaluating case-based items that reflect integrated nursing knowledge. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to develop new case-based items. The methods for developing test items included expert workshops, brainstorming, and verification of content validity. After a mock examination of undergraduate nursing students using the newly developed case-based items, we evaluated the appropriateness of the items through classical test theory and item response theory...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899257/peplau-s-theory-of-interpersonal-relations-an-alternate-factor-structure-for-patient-experience-data
#16
Thomas A Hagerty, William Samuels, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Eileen Gigliotti
A confirmatory factor analysis of data from the responses of 12,436 patients to 16 items on the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems-Hospital survey was used to test a latent factor structure based on Peplau's middle-range theory of interpersonal relations. A two-factor model based on Peplau's theory fit these data well, whereas a three-factor model also based on Peplau's theory fit them excellently and provided a suitable alternate factor structure for the data. Though neither the two- nor three-factor model fit as well as the original factor structure, these results support using Peplau's theory to demonstrate nursing's extensive contribution to the experiences of hospitalized patients...
April 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893409/equivalence-in-the-health-assessment-questionnaire-haq-across-socio-demographic-determinants-analyses-within-quest-ra
#17
Monika Hifinger, Sam Norton, Sofia Ramiro, Polina Putrik, Tuulikki Sokka-Isler, Annelies Boonen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate potential bias in scores of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) related to socio-demographic (SD) background of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data from the Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Rheumatoid Arthritis study (QUEST-RA), comprising 9022 patients were analysed. Physical function was assessed through 30 items of four HAQ versions: the HAQ-Disability scale, HAQ-II, modified HAQ and multi-dimensional HAQ (MD-HAQ)...
August 9, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893097/factor-validation-and-rasch-analysis-of-the-individual-recovery-outcomes-counter
#18
Geoffrey L Dickens, Bridey Rudd, Nutmeg Hallett, Robin M Ion, Scott M Hardie
OBJECTIVE: The individual recovery outcomes counter is a 12-item personal recovery self-assessment tool for adults with mental health problems. Although widely used across Scotland, limited research into its psychometric properties has been conducted. We tested its' measurement properties to ascertain the suitability of the tool for continued use in its' present form. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymised data from the assessments of 1743 adults using mental health services in Scotland were subject to tests based on principles of Rasch measurement theory, principal components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890925/on-the-road-to-becoming-a-responsible-leader-a-simulation-based-training-approach-for-final-year-medical-students
#19
Marion Schmidt-Huber, Janine Netzel, Jan Kiesewetter
Background and objective: There is a need for young physicians to take a responsible role in clinical teams, comparable to a leadership role. However, today's medical curricula barely consider the development of leadership competencies. Acquisition of leadership skills are currently a by-product of medical education, even though it seems to be a competency relevant for physicians' success. Therefore, an innovative leadership training program for young physicians was developed and validated. Training conceptualisation were based upon findings of critical incidents interviews (N=19) with relevant personnel (e...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888383/developing-item-response-theory-based-short-forms-to-measure-the-social-impact-of-burn-injuries
#20
Molly Marino, Emily C Dore, Pengsheng Ni, Colleen M Ryan, Jeff C Schneider, Amy Acton, Alan M Jette, Lewis E Kazis
OBJECTIVE: To develop self-reported short forms for the LIBRE Profile. DESIGN: Participants were selected for inclusion in the short forms based upon the item parameters of discrimination and average difficulty. Test information function, as well as floor and ceiling effects, were evaluated for both the full item bank and the short forms. SETTING: Participants were recruited were from the Phoenix Society (a support network for burn survivors), peer support networks, social media, and mailings...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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