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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090345/electronically-captured-patient-reported-physical-function-an-important-vital-sign-in-obesity-medicine
#1
J Fleming, G C Wood, C Seiler, A Cook, M R Lent, C D Still, P N Benotti, B A Irving
OBJECTIVES: Impaired physical function (i.e., inability to walk 200 feet, climb a flight of stairs or perform activities of daily living) predicts poor clinical outcomes and adversely impacts medical and surgical weight management. However, routine assessment physical function is seldom performed clinically. The PROMIS Physical Function Short Form 20a (SF-20a) is a validated questionnaire for assessing patient reported physical function, which includes published T-score percentiles adjusted for gender, age and education...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080186/satisfaction-with-sex-life-in-sexually-active-heterosexual-couples-dealing-with-breast-cancer-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#2
Nina Rottmann, Dorte Gilså Hansen, René dePont Christensen, Mariët Hagedoorn, Morten Frisch, Anne Nicolaisen, Niels Kroman, Henrik Flyger, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: A breast cancer (BC) diagnosis can profoundly affect the sex life of patient and partner within a couple. The purpose of the present study is to examine whether individual and partner sexual functioning, affectionate behavior, emotional closeness and depressive symptoms are associated with change over time in satisfaction with sex life of sexually active heterosexual couples dealing with BC and to explore whether the associations differ between patients and partners after adjustment for basic sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidity and BC treatment...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073974/infertile-women-who-screen-positive-for-depression-are-less-likely-to-initiate-fertility-treatments
#3
Natalie M Crawford, Heather S Hoff, Jennifer E Mersereau
STUDY QUESTION: Are infertile women who screen positive for depression less likely to initiate infertility treatments? SUMMARY ANSWER: Infertile women who screen positive for depression are less likely to initiate treatment for infertility. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Infertility imposes a psychological burden on many couples. Depression and anxiety have been demonstrated in ~40% of infertile women, which is twice that of fertile women. Further, the psychological burden associated with infertility treatment has been cited as a major factor for discontinuation of infertility care...
January 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058833/de-novo-discovery-of-hdabco-bf4-molecular-ferroelectric-thin-film-for-non-volatile-low-voltage-memories
#4
Ping-Ping Shi, Yuan-Yuan Tang, Peng-Fei Li, Heng-Yun Ye, Ren-Gen Xiong
To date, the field of ferroelectric random access memories (FeRAMs) is mainly dominated by inorganic ferroelectric thin films like Pb(Zr,Ti)O3, which suffer from the issues of environmental harmfulness, high processing temperatures and high fabrication costs. In these respects, molecular ferroelectric thin films are particularly advantageous and thus become promis-ing alternatives to the conventional inorganic ones. For the prospect of FeRAMs applications, they should fulfill the require-ments of effective polarization switching and low-voltage, high-speed operation...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052687/psychometric-properties-of-7-and-30-day-versions-of-the-promis-emotional-distress-item-banks-in-an-australian-adult-sample
#5
Philip J Batterham, Matthew Sunderland, Natacha Carragher, Alison L Calear
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the PROMIS depression, anxiety, and anger item banks in a large Australian population-based sample. The study tested for unidimensionality; evaluated invariance across age, gender, and education; assessed local independence; and tested item bank scores as an indicator for clinical criteria. In addition, equivalence of the 7-day time frame against an alternative 30-day time frame was assessed. A sample of 3,175 Australian adults were recruited into the study through online advertising...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051875/a-health-related-quality-of-life-measure-for-use-in-patients-with-hiv-a-validation-study
#6
Rebecca Schnall, Jianfang Liu, Hwayoung Cho, Sabina Hirshfield, Karolynn Siegel, Susan Olender
In the United States, HIV has evolved from an acute disease to a chronic illness making health-related quality of life a pre-eminent goal for many persons living with HIV (PLWH). There have been a number of HIV-specific quality-of-life instruments developed, but little attention has been paid to the validation of standardized nondisease-specific quality-of-life instruments tailored to PLWH. The goal of this research was to validate the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-29, a questionnaire that measures health-related quality of life in PLWH...
January 4, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029753/performance-of-the-promis-29-item-profile-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-osteoarthritis-fibromyalgia-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Patricia Katz, Sofia Pedro, Kaleb Michaud
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) was developed to improve measurement of patient-reported outcomes. We examined performance of the PROMIS-29 Profile (P29) in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA), fibromyalgia (FM), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Participants in the National Data Bank for Rheumatic Diseases completed the P29, which includes 4-item forms for seven PROMIS domains...
December 28, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004220/recurrence-risk-perception-and-quality-of-life-following-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#8
Sarah T Hawley, Nancy K Janz, Kent A Griffith, Reshma Jagsi, Christopher R Friese, Allison W Kurian, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Monica Morrow, Lauren P Wallner, Steven J Katz
PURPOSE: Little is known about different ways of assessing risk of distant recurrence following cancer treatment (e.g., numeric or descriptive). We sought to evaluate the association between overestimation of risk of distant recurrence of breast cancer and key patient-reported outcomes, including quality of life and worry. METHODS: We surveyed a weighted random sample of newly diagnosed patients with early-stage breast cancer identified through SEER registries of Los Angeles County & Georgia (2013-14) ~2 months after surgery (N = 2578, RR = 71%)...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003177/substitution-of-usual-perioperative-care-by-ehealth-to-enhance-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-general-surgical-or-gynecological-procedures-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Eva van der Meij, Judith Af Huirne, Esther Va Bouwsma, Johanna M van Dongen, Caroline B Terwee, Peter M van de Ven, Chantal M den Bakker, Suzan van der Meij, W Marchien van Baal, Wouter Kg Leclercq, Peggy Maj Geomini, Esther Cj Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops, Paul Jm van Kesteren, Hein Bac Stockmann, A Dorien Ten Cate, Paul Hp Davids, Petrus C Scholten, Baukje van den Heuvel, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Wilhelmus Jhj Meijerink, H Jaap Bonjer, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Due to the strong reduction in the length of hospital stays in the last decade, the period of in-hospital postoperative care is limited. After discharge from the hospital, guidance and monitoring on recovery and resumption of (work) activities are usually not provided. As a consequence, return to normal activities and work after surgery is hampered, leading to a lower quality of life and higher costs due to productivity loss and increased health care consumption. OBJECTIVE: With this study we aim to evaluate whether an eHealth care program can improve perioperative health care in patients undergoing commonly applied abdominal surgical procedures, leading to accelerated recovery and to a reduction in costs in comparison to usual care...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993585/resilience-and-function-in-adults-with-physical-disabilities-an-observational-study
#10
Samuel L Battalio, Arielle M Silverman, Dawn M Ehde, Dagmar Amtmann, Karlyn A Edwards, Mark P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if resilience is uniquely associated with functional outcomes (satisfaction with social roles, physical functioning, and quality of life) in individuals with physical disabilities, after controlling for measures of psychological health (depression and anxiety) and symptom severity (pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance). We also examined the potential moderating effect of gender, age, and diagnosis on the hypothesized associations between resilience and function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988269/assessment-of-vulvar-discomfort-with-sexual-activity-among-women-in-the-united-states
#11
Kathryn E Flynn, Jeanne Carter, Li Lin, Stacy T Lindau, Diana D Jeffery, Jennifer Barsky Reese, Bethanee J Schlosser, Kevin P Weinfurt
BACKGROUND: Multidimensional self-report measures of sexual function for women do not include the assessment of vulvar discomfort, limiting our understanding of its prevalence. In an effort to improve the measurement of patient-reported health, the National Institutes of Health funded the creation of the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). This included the development of the PROMIS Sexual Function and Satisfaction measure, and version 2.0 of the Sexual Function and Satisfaction measure included 2 scales to measure vulvar discomfort with sexual activity...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981684/gastrointestinal-symptom-severity-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-the-general-population
#12
A D Lee, B M Spiegel, R D Hays, G Y Melmed, R Bolus, D Khanna, P P Khanna, L Chang
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients report similar gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, yet comparisons of symptom severity between groups and with the general population (GP) are lacking. METHODS: We compared Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS(®) ) GI symptom scales measuring gastro-esophageal reflux (GER), disrupted swallowing, diarrhea, bowel incontinence, nausea/vomiting, constipation, belly pain, and gas/bloating in: (i) USA GP sample, (ii) IBS patients, and (iii) IBD patients from tertiary care and community populations...
December 16, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978764/national-study-of-muscle-cramps-in-als-in-the-usa
#13
Helen E Stephens, Nanette C Joyce, Björn Oskarsson
The objective of this study was to describe muscle cramps in an US sample of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Utilizing an anonymous web based questionnaire we queried ALS patients regarding the severity, frequency, time-course, treatment of muscle cramps and their relationship to pain. The survey had 282 respondents with 92% reporting that they had cramps. For 20% of the sample, cramps were stated to be the presenting ALS symptom. Cramp severity was rated at a mean of 5.2/10 and the mean cramp frequency was 5...
December 15, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974367/hand-related-physical-function-in-rheumatic-hand-conditions-a-protocol-for-developing-a-patient-reported-outcome-measurement-instrument
#14
Louise Klokker, Caroline B Terwee, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens, Marius Henriksen, Sandra Nolte, Gregor Liegl, Margreet Kloppenburg, Rene Westhoven, Ruth Wittoek, Ingvild Kjeken, Ida K Haugen, Ben Schalet, Richard Gershon, Henning Bliddal, Robin Christensen
INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus about what constitutes the most appropriate patient-reported outcome measurement (PROM) instrument for measuring physical function in patients with rheumatic hand conditions. Existing instruments lack psychometric testing and vary in feasibility and their psychometric qualities. We aim to develop a PROM instrument to assess hand-related physical function in rheumatic hand conditions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform a systematic search to identify existing PROMs to rheumatic hand conditions, and select items relevant for hand-related physical function as well as those items from the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) item bank that are relevant to patients with rheumatic hand conditions...
December 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965131/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-use-in-surgical-care-a-scoping-study
#15
R Scott Jones, George J Stukenborg
BACKGROUND: Surgeons recognize the importance of patient reported outcomes in the evaluation of healthcare. Documenting health related quality of life (HRQOL) can enhance surgical quality improvement efforts. Systematic documentation of HRQOL began in 1963. Currently multiple, varied and unstandardized instruments make it difficult to compare quality of life measures across studies. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) developed the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) to provide a standardized assessment designed to complement traditional outcome measures...
December 10, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919565/examination-of-the-promis-upper-extremity-item-bank
#16
Man Hung, Maren W Voss, Jerry Bounsanga, Anthony B Crum, Andrew R Tyser
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement. INTRODUCTION: The psychometric properties of the PROMIS v1.2 UE item bank were tested on various samples prior to its release, but have not been fully evaluated among the orthopaedic population. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study assesses the performance of the UE item bank within the UE orthopaedic patient population. METHODS: The UE item bank was administered to 1197 adult patients presenting to a tertiary orthopaedic clinic specializing in hand and UE conditions and was examined using traditional statistics and Rasch analysis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913986/establishing-clinical-meaning-and-defining-important-differences-for-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-%C3%A2-measures-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-using-standard-setting-with-patients-parents-and-providers
#17
Esi M Morgan, Constance A Mara, Bin Huang, Kimberly Barnett, Adam C Carle, Jennifer E Farrell, Karon F Cook
BACKGROUND: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures are used increasingly in clinical care. However, for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), scores lack a framework for interpretation of clinical severity, and minimally important differences (MID) have not been established, which are necessary to evaluate the importance of change. METHODS: We identified clinical severity thresholds for pediatric PROMIS measures of mobility, upper extremity function (UE), fatigue, and pain interference working with adolescents with JIA, parents of JIA patients, and clinicians, using a standard setting methodology modified from educational testing...
December 2, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912920/the-relationship-between-therapist-rated-function-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#18
Yvonne Braun, Jos J Mellema, Rinne M Peters, Suzanne Curley, Gae Burchill, David Ring
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Some third-party payers require hand therapists to rate patient's functional disability based on patient self-rating using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), objective measurements of impairment, and observation of functional tasks-hand therapist-rated function (HTRF). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To test the correlation between HTRF and PROMs (upper limb functional index [ULFI] and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System upper extremity [PROMIS UE]) and its association with psychological factors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#19
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909853/impact-of-irt-item-misfit-on-score-estimates-and-severity-classifications-an-examination-of-promis-depression-and-pain-interference-item-banks
#20
Yue Zhao
PURPOSE: In patient-reported outcome research that utilizes item response theory (IRT), using statistical significance tests to detect misfit is usually the focus of IRT model-data fit evaluations. However, such evaluations rarely address the impact/consequence of using misfitting items on the intended clinical applications. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of IRT item misfit on score estimates and severity classifications and to demonstrate a recommended process of model-fit evaluation...
December 1, 2016: Quality of Life Research
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