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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914110/physical-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-non-ulcerated-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#1
REVIEW
Diego N Araujo, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Alvaro Cc Maciel, Selma S Bruno, Guilherme Af Fregonezi, Fernando Al Dias
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common disease that causes discomfort and impairs the quality of life of affected persons. Treatments such as physical exercise that aim to increase the movement of the ankle joint and strengthen the muscle pump in the calf of the leg may be useful to reduce the symptoms of CVI. OBJECTIVES: To assess and summarise the existing clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of physical exercise programmes for the treatment of individuals with non-ulcerated CVI...
December 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914035/mobilization-of-peripheral-blood-stem-cells-and-changes-in-the-concentration-of-plasma-factors-influencing-their-movement-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#2
Marcin Jabłoński, Jolanta Kucharska Mazur, Maciej Tarnowski, Barbara Dołęgowska, Daniel Pędziwiatr, Ewa Kubiś, Marta Budkowska, Daria Sałata, Justyna Pełka Wysiecka, Arkadiusz Kazimierczak, Artur Reginia, Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Jerzy Samochowiec
In this paper we examined whether stem cells and factors responsible for their movement may serve as new biological markers of anxiety disorders. The study was carried out on a group of 30 patients diagnosed with panic disorder (examined before and after treatment), compared to 30 healthy individuals forming the control group. We examined the number of circulating HSCs (hematopoetic stem cells) (Lin-/CD45 +/CD34 +) and HSCs (Lin-/CD45 +/AC133 +), the number of circulating VSELs (very small embryonic-like stem cells) (Lin-/CD45-/CD34 +) and VSELs (Lin-/CD45-/AC133 +), as well as the concentration of complement components: C3a, C5a and C5b-9, SDF-1 (stromal derived factor) and S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate)...
December 2, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913194/genetic-screening-of-thap1-in-primary-dystonia-patients-of-india
#3
Subhajit Giri, Tufan Naiya, Zaffar Equbal, Charulata Savant Sankhla, Shyamal Kumar Das, Kunal Ray, Jharna Ray
BACKGROUND: Primary Dystonia is a common movement disorder manifested by dystonic symptoms only. DYT6, a major genetic factor, plays a significant role in primary pure dystonia pathogenesis. In this study we analyzed THAP1 (DYT 6) gene in primary pure dystonia patients, which has been widely studied in other populations but not in Indians. METHODS: The study cohort contained 227 index primary pure dystonia patients with the involvement of cervical region and 254 neurologically control individuals collected from East Indian population...
November 29, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913118/forces-controlling-organ-growth-and-size
#4
REVIEW
Dominik Eder, Christof Aegerter, Konrad Basler
One of the fundamental questions in developmental biology is what determines the final size and shape of an organ. Recent research strongly emphasizes that besides cell-cell communication, biophysical principals govern organ development. The architecture and mechanics of a tissue guide cellular processes such as movement, growth or differentiation. Furthermore, mechanical cues do not only regulate processes at a cellular level but also provide constant feedback about size and shape on a tissue scale. Here we review several models and experimental systems which are contributing to our understanding of the roles mechanical forces play during organ development...
November 29, 2016: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912947/exploratory-outcome-assessment-of-qigong-tai-chi-easy-on-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Linda K Larkey, Denise J Roe, Lisa Smith, Denise Millstine
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) experience symptoms affecting overall quality of life (QOL), often for a prolonged period post-treatment. Meditative Movement (MM), including Qigong and Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE), has demonstrated benefit for improving QOL issues such as fatigue and sleep, but there is limited evidence of its impact on cognitive function, overall physical activity, and body weight for BCSs. DESIGN: This double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study with 87 female BCSs explored effects of QG/TCE on mental and physical QOL (Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form), cognitive function (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function and two cognitive performance tests from the WAIS III), overall levels of physical activity (PA)(Brief Physical Activity Questionnaire) and body mass index (BMI)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912927/effect-of-an-early-supervised-rehabilitation-programme-compared-with-home-based-exercise-after-temporomandibular-joint-condylar-discopexy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
N Capan, S Esmaeilzadeh, A Karan, D Dıracoglu, U Emekli, A Yıldız, A Baskent, C Aksoy
The goal of rehabilitation after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery is to achieve a normal range of motion. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of a comprehensive and early supervised rehabilitation programme with home-based exercise after TMJ condylar discopexy. Patients diagnosed with disc displacement without reduction were randomized to the study and control groups. After baseline assessments, the same surgical condylar discopexy procedure was applied to both groups. Following surgery, the study group patients underwent a supervised exercise programme conducted by a physiotherapist in the outpatient clinic...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912170/influence-of-attention-alternation-on-movement-related-cortical-potentials-in-healthy-individuals-and-stroke-patients
#7
Susan Aliakbaryhosseinabadi, Vladimir Kostic, Aleksandra Pavlovic, Sasa Radovanovic, Ernest Nlandu Kamavuako, Ning Jiang, Laura Petrini, Kim Dremstrup, Dario Farina, Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we analyzed the influence of artificially imposed attention variations using the auditory oddball paradigm on the cortical activity associated to motor preparation/execution. METHODS: EEG signals from Cz and its surrounding channels were recorded during three sets of ankle dorsiflexion movements. Each set was interspersed with either a complex or a simple auditory oddball task for healthy participants and a complex auditory oddball task for stroke patients...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912104/structured-skill-practice-during-intensive-bimanual-training-leads-to-better-trunk-and-arm-control-than-unstructured-practice-in-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#8
Ya-Ching Hung, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Recently, intensive practice showed good efficacy in improving upper extremity function for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). However, little is known about the significance of skill progression frequently used during intensive practice. AIMS: We evaluate the importance of skill progression during intensive bimanual practice on movement coordination. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty children with USCP (average age: 8...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911755/transformation-of-vestibular-signals-for-the-control-of-standing-in-humans
#9
Patrick A Forbes, Billy L Luu, H F Machiel Van der Loos, Elizabeth A Croft, J Timothy Inglis, Jean-Sébastien Blouin
: During standing balance, vestibular signals encode head movement and are transformed into coordinates that are relevant to maintaining upright posture of the whole body. This transformation must account for head-on-body orientation as well as the muscle actions generating the postural response. Here, we investigate whether this transformation is dependent upon a muscle's ability to stabilize the body along the direction of a vestibular disturbance. Subjects were braced on top of a robotic balance system that simulated the mechanics of standing while being exposed to an electrical vestibular stimulus that evoked a craniocentric vestibular error of head roll...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911384/analysis-of-scap-n-glycosylation-and-trafficking-in-human-cells
#10
Chunming Cheng, Jeffrey Yunhua Guo, Feng Geng, Xiaoning Wu, Xiang Cheng, Qiyue Li, Deliang Guo
Elevated lipogenesis is a common characteristic of cancer and metabolic diseases. Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs), a family of membrane-bound transcription factors controlling the expression of genes important for the synthesis of cholesterol, fatty acids and phospholipids, are frequently upregulated in these diseases. In the process of SREBP nuclear translocation, SREBP-cleavage activating protein (SCAP) plays a central role in the trafficking of SREBP from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi and in subsequent proteolysis activation...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911298/a-24-week-multi-modality-exercise-program-improves-executive-control-in%C3%A2-older-adults-with-a-self-reported-cognitive-complaint-evidence-from%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-antisaccade-task
#11
Matthew Heath, Erin Shellington, Sam Titheridge, Dawn P Gill, Robert J Petrella
Exercise programs involving aerobic and resistance training (i.e., multiple-modality) have shown promise in improving cognition and executive control in older adults at risk, or experiencing, cognitive decline. It is, however, unclear whether cognitive training within a multiple-modality program elicits an additive benefit to executive/cognitive processes. This is an important question to resolve in order to identify optimal training programs that delay, or ameliorate, executive deficits in persons at risk for further cognitive decline...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911118/effects-of-intense-pulsed-light-in-microstomia-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#12
Lisbeth Rosholm Comstedt, Åke Svensson, Roger Hesselstrand, Leena Lehti, Agneta Troilius Rubin
INTRODUCTION: The effects of IPL on collagen structures is well known in the treatment of photo damaged skin. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of IPL on sclerotic skin by treating patients with microstomia due to systemic sclerosis. METHOD AND MATERIAL: 13 patients all with microstomia and systemic sclerosis was treated with IPL PR/VL applicator. They were treated in the perioral area 8 times with 3-4 weeks' interval and follow-up for 6 months...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911006/lrrk2-levels-and-phosphorylation-in-parkinson-s-disease-brain-and-cases-with-restricted-lewy-bodies
#13
Nicolas Dzamko, Amanda M Gysbers, Rina Bandopadhyay, Marc F Bolliger, Akiko Uchino, Ye Zhao, Masaki Takao, Sandrine Wauters, Wilma D J van de Berg, Junko Takahashi-Fujigasaki, R Jeremy Nichols, Janice L Holton, Shigeo Murayama, Glenda M Halliday
BACKGROUND: Leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a promising target for the treatment of Parkinson's disease; however, little is known about the expression of LRRK2 in human brain and if/how LRRK2 protein levels are altered in Parkinson's disease. OBJECTIVES: We measured the protein levels of LRRK2 as well as its phosphorylation on serines 910, 935, and 973 in the postmortem brain tissue of Parkinson's disease patients and aged controls with and without Lewy bodies...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910988/visible-light-controlled-catalytic-cu2o-au-micromotors
#14
Dekai Zhou, Yuguang C Li, Pengtao Xu, Nicholas S McCool, Longqiu Li, Wei Wang, Thomas E Mallouk
Visible light driven Cu2O-Au micromotors exhibit rapid on/off switching and speed control. Electrochemical measurements confirm that the light-induced movement of the Cu2O-Au micromotors involves a self-electrophoresis mechanism modulated by the photoconductivity of Cu2O. This study extends the utilization of the electromagnetic spectrum for micro/nanomotors into the visible range.
December 2, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910494/far-infrared-tangential-interferometer-polarimeter-design-and-installation-for-nstx-u
#15
E R Scott, R Barchfeld, P Riemenschneider, C W Domier, C M Muscatello, M Sohrabi, R Kaita, Y Ren, N C Luhmann
The Far-infrared Tangential Interferometer/Polarimeter (FIReTIP) system has been refurbished and is being reinstalled on the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade (NSTX-U) to supply real-time line-integrated core electron density measurements for use in the NSTX-U plasma control system (PCS) to facilitate real-time density feedback control of the NSTX-U plasma. Inclusion of a visible light heterodyne interferometer in the FIReTIP system allows for real-time vibration compensation due to movement of an internally mounted retroreflector and the FIReTIP front-end optics...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910232/strategies-of-readers-with-autism-when-responding-to-inferential-questions-an-eye-movement-study
#16
Martina Micai, Holly Joseph, Mila Vulchanova, David Saldaña
Previous research suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties with inference generation in reading tasks. However, most previous studies have examined how well children understand a text after reading or have measured on-line reading behavior without response to questions. The aim of this study was to investigate the online strategies of children and adolescents with autism during reading and at the same time responding to a question by monitoring their eye movements. The reading behavior of participants with ASD was compared with that of age-, language-, nonverbal intelligence-, reading-, and receptive language skills-matched participants without ASD (control group)...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909748/temporal-prediction-abilities-are-mediated-by-motor-effector-and-rhythmic-expertise
#17
Fiona C Manning, Jennifer Harris, Michael Schutz
Motor synchronization is a critical part of musical performance and listening. Recently, motor control research has described how movements that contain more available degrees of freedom are more accurately timed. Previously, we demonstrated that stick tapping improves perception in a timing detection task, where percussionists greatly outperformed non-percussionists only when tapping along. Since most synchronization studies implement finger tapping to examine simple motor synchronization, here we completed a similar task where percussionists and non-percussionists synchronized using finger tapping; movement with fewer degrees of freedom than stick tapping...
December 1, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909747/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-to-the-supplementary-motor-area-sma-influences-performance-on-motor-tasks
#18
K E Hupfeld, C J Ketcham, H D Schneider
The supplementary motor area (SMA) is believed to be highly involved in the planning and execution of both simple and complex motor tasks. This study aimed to examine the role of the SMA in planning the movements required to complete reaction time, balance, and pegboard tasks using anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which passes a weak electrical current between two electrodes, in order to modulate neuronal activity. Twenty healthy adults were counterbalanced to receive either tDCS (experimental condition) or no tDCS (control condition) for 3 days...
December 1, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#19
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909457/the-severity-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-induces-different-decrease-in-the-oxygen-saturation-during-rapid-eye-movement-and-non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep
#20
Eunkyung Choi, Doo-Heum Park, Jae-Hak Yu, Seung-Ho Ryu, Ji-Hyeon Ha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how differences in oxygen saturation between non-REM (NREM) and REM sleep in patients according to the severity of sleep apnea. METHODS: We studied 396 male patients diagnosed with simple snoring or obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on nocturnal polysomnography. Patients were divided into groups by the OSAS severity. We compared the average oxygen saturation between REM and NREM sleep in each group. RESULTS: In the simple snoring group, average oxygen saturation was significantly greater during REM than during NREM sleep...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
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