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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#1
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#2
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878953/extracellular-cardiac-matrix-biomarkers-in-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-heart-failure-as-predictors-of-response-to-cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Christopher J McAloon, Danish Ali, Thomas Hamborg, Prithwish Banerjee, Paul O'Hare, Harpal Randeva, Faizel Osman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an effective therapy for selected patients with heart failure (HF); however, a significant non-response rate exists. We examined current evidence on extracellular cardiac matrix (ECM) biomarkers in predicting response following CRT. METHODS: Complete literature review of PubMed, Ovid SP MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and TRIP, reference lists, international cardiology conferences and ongoing studies between December 1999 and December 2015 conducted according to prospectively registered study selection and analysis criteria (PROSPERO:CRD42016025864) was performed...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874420/the-evolution-of-the-use-of-%C3%AE-blockers-to-treat-heart-failure-a-conversation-with-finn-waagstein-md
#4
Finn Waagstein, John D Rutherford
Finn Waagstein was born in Copenhagen in 1938. He graduated from Aarhus University Medical School in 1964. He received his cardiology training in the Sahlgrenska University Hospital at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He was appointed Associate Professor in 1980, and he assisted in establishing and directing the first Swedish heart transplant program. From 1990 he directed the heart failure and cardiomyopathy research programs. He is currently Professor of Cardiology and senior physician at Wallenberg Laboratory...
September 5, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854079/identification-of-patients-with-statin-intolerance-in-a-managed-care-plan-a-comparison-of-2-claims-based-algorithms
#5
Brandon K Bellows, Amy M Sainski-Nguyen, Cody J Olsen, Susan H Boklage, Scott Charland, Matthew P Mitchell, Diana I Brixner
BACKGROUND: While statins are safe and efficacious, some patients may experience statin intolerance or treatment-limiting adverse events. Identifying patients with statin intolerance may allow optimal management of cardiovascular event risk through other strategies. Recently, an administrative claims data (ACD) algorithm was developed to identify patients with statin intolerance and validated against electronic medical records. However, how this algorithm compared with perceptions of statin intolerance by integrated delivery networks remains largely unknown...
September 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853530/-novelties-in-pericardial-diseases-a-focused-review-of-the-latest-european-guidelines
#6
Alexander Fardman, Yehuda Adler
More than a decade has elapsed since the first international guidelines on the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases were issued by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in 2004. Since then, significant advances have been made in this field due to several randomized double blinded controlled trials and also retrospective, as well as prospective, cohort studies that were conducted during this time frame. However, despite the amount of knowledge that has been accumulated, only Spanish and Brazilian national societies of cardiology have so far published national guidelines on the management of pericardial diseases...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844509/mortality-rates-and-length-of-stay-in-patients-with-acute-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-hospitalized-for-noncardiac-conditions-on-surgical-versus-nonsurgical-services
#7
Anthony J Mazzella, Akinniran A Abisogun, Melissa Caughey, Xuming Dai
Patients hospitalized for noncardiac conditions often experience increased levels of stress and hemodynamic challenges, making them susceptible to acute coronary events. The clinical features, management strategy, and outcomes of inpatient non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) have not been described. This single-center retrospective study identified patients with inpatient NSTEMI from the University of North Carolina Hospitals discharge database in February 2008 to April 2014 using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803840/development-and-validation-of-risk-equations-for-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-recode-using-individual-participant-data-from-randomised-trials
#8
Sanjay Basu, Jeremy B Sussman, Seth A Berkowitz, Rodney A Hayward, John S Yudkin
BACKGROUND: In view of substantial mis-estimation of risks of diabetes complications using existing equations, we sought to develop updated Risk Equations for Complications Of type 2 Diabetes (RECODe). METHODS: To develop and validate these risk equations, we used data from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes study (ACCORD, n=9635; 2001-09) and validated the equations for microvascular events using data from the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS, n=1018; 1996-2001), and for cardiovascular events using data from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD, n=4760; 2001-12)...
August 10, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795108/data-for-the-oxford-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-study-international-survey-of-vascular-surgery-professionals
#9
Regent Lee, Amy Jones, Felicity Woodgate, Nicholas Killough, Kirthi Bellamkonda, Matthew Williams, Katherine Hurst, Lucy Fulford-Smith, Ismail Cassimjee, Ashok Handa
As part of the Oxford Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (OxAAA) Study, we conducted an international survey of vascular surgery professionals. One aspect of the survey is as published in the International Journal of Cardiology: "International Opinion on Priorities in Research for Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and the Potential Path for Research to Impact Clinical Management". This Data-in-Brief article contains a detailed method for the conduct of this survey and additional original data. In this survey, we also provided vascular surgery colleagues with contemporary epidemiologic and surgical outcome data...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762943/-review-of-international-clinical-trials-in-the-field-of-cardiology-reported-in-2016
#10
S G Kanorsky, M N Mamedov
We present in this article the review of 6 scientific Hot Line sessions of the 2016 European Congress of Cardiology devoted to novel approaches to treatment of heart failure, strategies of prevention of complications of cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, imaging methods of investigation, and stenting in coronary heart disease.
March 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761966/-cave-a-checklist-system-for-preoperative-risk-evaluation-guideline-conform-cardiopulmonary-diagnostics-before-general-and-visceral-surgical-interventions
#11
W Schwenk, P C Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of patient risk is an essential component of patient preparation before surgery. Guidelines provide evidence-based algorithms for preoperative assessment of cardiac risk; however, even experienced physicians correctly apply evidence-based algorithms in only 50% of all cases or less. OBJECTIVE: A checklist system for guideline-based cardiopulmonary risk evaluation in adult patients undergoing abdominal or visceral surgery (CAVE checklists) was created to assist in preoperative cardiopulmonary risk assessment and increase correct application of evidence-based algorithms before elective visceral surgery...
July 31, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751837/anmco-sic-consensus-document-cardiology-networks-for-outpatient-heart-failure-care
#12
Nadia Aspromonte, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Andrea Di Lenarda, Andrea Mortara, Ilaria Battistoni, Renata De Maria, Michele Gabriele, Massimo Iacoviello, Alessandro Navazio, Daniela Pini, Giuseppe Di Tano, Marco Marini, Renato Pietro Ricci, Gianfranco Alunni, Donatella Radini, Marco Metra, Francesco Romeo
Changing demographics and an increasing burden of multiple chronic comorbidities in Western countries dictate refocusing of heart failure (HF) services from acute in-hospital care to better support the long inter-critical out-of- hospital phases of HF. In Italy, as well as in other countries, needs of the HF population are not adequately addressed by current HF outpatient services, as documented by differences in age, gender, comorbidities and recommended therapies between patients discharged for acute hospitalized HF and those followed-up at HF clinics...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748266/treatment-of-chronic-heart-failure-in-germany-a-retrospective-database-study
#13
Stefan Störk, Renate Handrock, Josephine Jacob, Jochen Walker, Frederico Calado, Raquel Lahoz, Stephan Hupfer, Sven Klebs
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment guidelines affects outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). We investigated patient pathways and treatment patterns for HF in Germany. METHODS: This retrospective study used anonymous healthcare claims data from the German Health Risk Institute on individuals with statutory health insurance. Patients with uninterrupted data from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 or death (whichever occurred first), and ≥2 recorded HF-related diagnoses in 2011, were included...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748256/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-in-interventional-neuroradiology
#14
Anil Arat, Ergun Daglioglu, Ilkay Akmangit, Ahmet Peker, Murat Arsava, Mehmet Akif Topcuoglu, Deniz Belen
PURPOSE: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have changed practice patterns in cardiology. These resorbable stents have not yet been utilized in the cerebrovascular circulation. We report the initial experiences with these devices in interventional neuroradiology. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical presentations, imaging findings and follow-up results of all patients treated using a BVS by our neurovascular team was carried out using hospital electronic charts and the hospital radiographic archive system...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743619/organ-and-effective-doses-from-paediatric-interventional-cardiology-procedures-in-chile
#15
Carlos Ubeda, Patricia Miranda, Eliseo Vano, Diego Nocetti, Carlos Manterola
The aim of this study was to present the results of organ and effective doses for paediatric patients for different types of interventional cardiology procedures for age and weight groups, derived from a patient dosimetry pilot programme carried out in Chile, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Over seven years, a retrospective collection of demographic and patient dose data was obtained: age, gender, weight, height, number of cine series, total number of cine frames, fluoroscopy time, dose-area product (DAP) and cumulative dose at patient entrance reference point...
July 22, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#16
REVIEW
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702947/initial-validation-of-a-healthcare-needs-scale-for-young-people-with-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Chi-Wen Chen, Ciao-Lin Ho, Wen-Jen Su, Jou-Kou Wang, Hung-Tao Chung, Pi-Chang Lee, Chun-Wei Lu, Be-Tau Hwang
AIM: To validate the initial psychometric properties of a Healthcare Needs Scale for Youth with Congenital Heart Disease. BACKGROUND: As the number of patients with congenital heart disease surviving to adulthood increases, the transitional healthcare needs for adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease require investigation. However, few tools comprehensively identify the healthcare needs of youth with congenital heart disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was employed to examine the psychometric properties of the Healthcare Needs Scale for Youth with Congenital Heart Disease...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701362/accuracy-of-the-ecg-for-differential-diagnosis-between-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-athlete-s-heart-comparison-between-the-european-society-of-cardiology-2010-and-international-2017-criteria
#18
Alessandro Zorzi, Chiara Calore, Riccardo Vio, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
BACKGROUND: Interpretation of the athlete's ECG is based on differentiation between benign ECG changes and potentially pathological abnormalities. The aim of the study was to compare the 2010 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the 2017 International criteria for differential diagnosis between hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and athlete's heart. METHODS: The study populations included 200 patients with HCM and 563 athletes grouped as follows: 'group 1', including normal ECG and isolated increase of QRS voltages, which are considered non-pathologic according to ESC and International criteria; 'group 2', including left atrial enlargement or left axis deviation in isolation and Q-waves with an amplitude ≥4 mm but <25% of the ensuing R-wave and a duration <0...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699936/clinician-attitudes-regarding-icd-deactivation-in-dnr-dni-patients
#19
Andrew Bradley, Adam Marks
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) offer lifesaving therapies but can become burdensome at the end of life. Many ICD patients choose to implement a do-not-resuscitate/do-not-intubate (DNR/DNI) order. When hospitalized, patients are seen by a range of clinicians whose beliefs about ICD management in DNR/DNI patients may vary. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinician opinions on managing ICDs in DNR/DNI patients and stratify it by specialty and training level...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696220/prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-do-the-guidelines-fall-short
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jim T Vehmeijer, Zeliha Koyak, Werner Budts, Louise Harris, Candice K Silversides, Erwin N Oechslin, Berto J Bouma, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara J M Mulder, Joris R de Groot
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. SCD may be prevented by implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, but patient stratification remains troublesome. The 2014 Consensus Statement on Arrhythmias in ACHD patients and the 2015 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines specified recommendations for ICD implantation in ACHD patients for the first time. We assess the discriminative ability of these ICD recommendations for SCD in ACHD patients...
July 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
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