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cardiology internal

Giulio Calcagni, Giuseppe Limongelli, Angelo D'Ambrosio, Francesco Gesualdo, Maria Cristina Digilio, Anwar Baban, Sonia B Albanese, Paolo Versacci, Enrica De Luca, Giovanni B Ferrero, Giuseppina Baldassarre, Gabriella Agnoletti, Elena Banaudi, Jan Marek, Juan P Kaski, Giulia Tuo, Maria Giovanna Russo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Ornella Milanesi, Daniela Messina, Maurizio Marasini, Francesca Cairello, Roberto Formigari, Maurizio Brighenti, Bruno Dallapiccola, Marco Tartaglia, Bruno Marino
A comprehensive description of morbidity and mortality in patients affected by mutations in genes encoding for signal transducers of the RAS-MAPK cascade (RASopathies) was performed in our study recently published in the International Journal of Cardiology. Seven European cardiac centres participating to the CArdiac Rasopathy NETwork (CARNET), collaborated in this multicentric, observational, retrospective data analysis and collection. In this study, clinical records of 371 patients with confirmed molecular diagnosis of RASopathy were reviewed...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Hein Heidbuchel, Nikolaos Dagres, Matthias Antz, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Patrice Lazure, Suzanne Murray, Céline Carrera, Gerhard Hindricks, Alec Vahanian
Aims: Guideline-adherent treatment is associated with improved prognosis in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients but is insufficiently implemented in clinical practice. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) performed a multinational educational needs assessment study among cardiologists, general practitioners/family physicians (GPs/FPs), and neurologists in order to evaluate knowledge and skills of physicians and system factors related to AF care delivery. Methods and results: A total of 561 physicians (294 cardiologists, 131 neurologists, and 136 GPs/FPs) from six European countries participated...
March 12, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Subir Bhatia, Shilpkumar Arora, Sravya M Bhatia, Mohammed Al-Hijji, Yogesh N V Reddy, Parshva Patel, Charanjit S Rihal, Bernard J Gersh, Abhishek Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. CKD complicates referral for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients because of the risk for acute kidney injury and the need for dialysis, with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines underscoring the limited data on these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the National Inpatient Sample to analyze hospitalizations in the United States from 2004 to 2014, we sought to assess PCI utilization and in-hospital outcomes in NSTEMI admissions with CKD...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Jaqui Walker, Pippa Hutchison, Junbo Ge, Dong Zhao, Yongjun Wang, Peter M Rothwell, J Michael Gaziano, Andrew Chan, John Burn, John Chia, Ruth Langley, Valerie O'Donnell, Bianca Rocca, Chris Hawkey
Acetylsalicylic acid was first synthesised by Dr FeIix Hoffman on 10th August 1897 and Aspirin was born. It quickly became the best-known pain killer in the world and in the 120 years since this event, aspirin has continued to attract interest, innovation and excitement. Set within the walls of the preserved ruins of Rudolf Virchow's lecture hall at Charité, within Berlin's Museum of Medical History, the International Aspirin Foundation's 28th Scientific Conference served to facilitate international, multi-disease, multidisciplinary discussion about the current understanding of aspirin's mechanisms of action and its utility in modern medicine as well as ideas for future research into its multifaceted applications to enhance global health...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
(no author information available yet)
In recent years, wide ranging biomedical innovation has provided powerful new approaches for prevention, diagnosis and management of diseases. In order to translate such innovation into effective practice, physicians must frequently update their knowledge base and skills through continuing medical education and training. Medical Professional Societies, run as not-for-profit organizations led by peers, are uniquely placed to deliver balanced, disease oriented and patient centred education. The medical industry has a major role in the development of new, improved technology, devices and medication...
February 28, 2018: European Heart Journal
Alessia Pepe, Maria R Gamberini, Massimiliano Missere, Laura Pistoia, Maurizio Mangione, Liana Cuccia, Anna Spasiano, Silvia Maffei, Christian Cadeddu, Massimo Midiri, Caterina Borgna, Antonella Meloni
We assessed whether male gender was associated with a higher risk of cardiac iron accumulation and fibrosis, heart dysfunction and complications in a large, multicentre cohort of thalassaemia major (TM) patients, in order to optimize the timing in cardiac follow-up. We considered 1711 TM patients (899 females, 31·09 ± 9·08 years), enrolled in the Myocardial Iron Overload in Thalassaemia Network. Clinical/instrumental data are recorded from birth to the first Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan...
March 2018: British Journal of Haematology
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Thomas N B Pascual, Mathew Mercuri, João V Vitola, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Nathan Better, Maurizio Dondi, Diana Paez, Andrew J Einstein
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern about radiation exposure from nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), particularly among younger patients who are more prone to develop untoward effects of ionizing radiation, and hence US and European professional society guidelines recommend age as a consideration in weighing radiation risk from MPI. We aimed to determine how patient radiation doses from MPI vary across age groups in a large contemporary international cohort. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a global cross-sectional study of centers performing MPI coordinated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Mary Norine Walsh
Cardiology remains a specialty that is dominated by men. Even though half of all medical students and over 40% of internal medicine residents are women, the number of women in the field of cardiology remains low. The reasons for the persistent lack of increase in cardiology trainees are not well understood and are likely multifactorial. Despite this under-representation, women cardiologists are increasingly visible in leadership roles, including those in research science, health systems administration, professional societies, and clinical practice...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Uzma Zahid, Asad Islam
With recent advancements in techniques and technologies in the field of interventional cardiology, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is preferred over Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), provided patient selection is kept in mind, and all the technical facilities are available to ensure successful end results without any immediate or late cardiac complications. However, dealing with Left Main Coronary Artery (LMCA) osteal disease can be challenging. We report a case of T and Protrusion (TAP) technique performed at Hearts International Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Peter J Neumann, Richard J Willke, Louis P Garrison
Concerns about rising spending on prescription drugs and other areas of health care have led to multiple initiatives in the United States designed to measure and communicate the value of pharmaceuticals and other technologies for decision making. In this section we introduce the work of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research Special Task Force on US Value Assessment Frameworks formed to review relevant perspectives and appropriate approaches and methods to support the definition and use of high-quality value frameworks...
February 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Christina E Holbein, Nicholas D Fogleman, Kevin Hommel, Silke Apers, Jessica Rassart, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx, Maayke A Sluman, Junko Enomoto, Bengt Johansson, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Mikael Dellborg, Raghavan Subramanyan, Jamie L Jackson, Werner Budts, Adrienne H Kovacs, Stacey Morrison, Martha Tomlin, Kathy Gosney, Alexandra Soufi, Katrine Eriksen, Corina Thomet, Malin Berghammer, Luis Alday, Edward Callus, Susan M Fernandes, Maryanne Caruana, Samuel Menahem, Stephen C Cook, Gwen R Rempel, Kamila White, Paul Khairy, Shelby Kutty, Gruschen Veldtman
OBJECTIVE: First, to compare QOL and illness perceptions between patients with a Fontan circulation and patients with anatomically simple defects (ie, atrial septal defects [ASD] or ventricular septal defects [VSD]). Second, to explore illness perceptions as a mediator of the association between congenital heart disease (CHD) diagnosis and QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Twenty-four cardiology centers from 15 countries across five continents...
February 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Tomohiko Toyoda, Takeaki Shirai, Shigeru Tateno, Hideo Ohuchi, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Fukiko Ichida, Tomoo Fujisawa, Teiji Akagi, Yoshiki Mori
BACKGROUND: Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is an important late complication involving liver dysfunction, such as liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. However, the prevalence, clinical manifestation, and methods of diagnosis of FALD are still not well established.Methods and Results:This study comprised 2 nationwide surveys in Japan. First, the prevalence of LC and/or HCC in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure was determined...
February 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Antoni Martinez-Rubio, Stefan Agewall, Giuseppe Boriani, Martin Borggrefe, Fiorenzo Gaita, Isabelle van Gelder, Bulent Gorenek, Juan Carlos Kaski, Keld Kjeldsen, Gregory Y H Lip, Bela Merkely, Ken Okumura, Jonathan P Piccini, Tatjana Potpara, Birgitte Klindt Poulsen, Magdi Saba, Irina Savelieva, Juan L Tamargo, Christian Wolpert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Pedro J Almiñana-Pastor, Marta Segarra-Vidal, Andrés López-Roldán, Francisco M Alpiste-Illueca
Background: According to the Spanish Society of Cardiology, 700,000 patients receive oral anticoagulants, and in these cases bleeding on probing (BOP) could be altered. However, no studies have analyzed the periodontal status of these patients and the effects anticoagulants may have upon BOP. A study was made of the possible relationship between plaque index, probing depth, INR (International Normalized Ratio) and acenocoumarol dose versus the clinical signs of BOP in a sample of anticoagulated patients...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
David A Cook, Laurie J Pencille, Denise M Dupras, Jane A Linderbaum, V Shane Pankratz, John M Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To understand clinicians' beliefs about practice variation and how variation might be reduced. METHODS: We surveyed board-certified physicians (N = 178), nurse practitioners (N = 60), and physician assistants (N = 12) at an academic medical center and two community clinics, representing family medicine, general internal medicine, and cardiology, from February-April 2016. The Internet-based questionnaire ascertained clinicians' beliefs regarding practice variation, clinical practice guidelines, and costs...
2018: PloS One
Sofia Sunnerud, Eva Nylander, Magnus Janzon, Anna Carlén, Kristofer Hedman
Low adherence to recommended pre-participation cardiac evaluation of Swedish athletes Pre-participation cardiac evaluation of athletes is recommended by international organizations like the European Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, as well as by the Swedish Sports Confederation. The purpose of the evaluation is to prevent sudden cardiac death in athletes by early identification of individuals at risk. To our knowledge, no previous study has been made regarding the implementation of pre-participation cardiac evaluation of athletes in Sweden...
January 30, 2018: Läkartidningen
Małgorzata Peregud-Pogorzelska, Małgorzata Zielska, Jarosław Kaźmierczak
Polymyositis (PM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the involvement of multiple internal organs, including the cardiovascular system. The involvement of heart is observed in up to 75% of patients with PM. Conduction and rhythm disorders are one of the most common cardiological abnormalities in these patients. The presented clinical case is the patient where ventricular arrhythmia (in the form of multiple premature ventricular extrasystoles) was the first symptom of polymyositis.
January 30, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Balkhi Balkhi, Mabrouk Al-Rasheedi, Abuabker Ibrahim Elbur, Ahmad Alghamadi
Background: High satisfaction with, and adherence to, warfarin therapy are linked to better international normalized ratio (INR) control and good therapeutic outcomes. Objective: This study was conducted to identify the association between satisfaction with, and adherence to, warfarin therapy and the control of the INR within the target therapeutic range. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 1 to August 31, 2016, at the Anticoagulation Clinic in the Cardiology Center at King Fahad Hospital, Qassim, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Jan Mrozek, Jana Petrova, Jana Vaclavkova, Vladimir Janovsky, Lubos Kraus, Pavel Jansa
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Thromboembolic disease is the third most common cardiovascular disorder and deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). Questions related to reperfusion after PE remain, especially risk factors. Incomplete reperfusion after PE is closely related to the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between reperfusion after PE in the long term over a period of 24 months, laboratory results and clinical risk factors found during the initial PE event...
January 24, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Leire Sanz Rekalde, Julia Kovtsun, Paulina Gorzelak-Pabis, Anna Zuszek-Frynas, Paulina Tecza, Olga Jablonowska, Marlena Broncel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
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