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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323075/bilateral-lung-metastases-unveils-an-asymptomatic-sacrococcygeal-yolk-sac-tumor
#1
Krishnendu Mondal, Rupali Mandal
Sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumor is an uncommon pediatric neoplasm. It usually presents with intra-abdominal or gluteal pain and mass. At later stage, it disseminates to regional nodes and distant organs. We describe one such neoplasm in an 18-month-old male child who turned symptomatic with multiple bilateral lung metastases. The tumor produced the least deformity to his physique, to become detectable on routine inspection and clinical examination. Finally, a combined approach through clinical, radiological, pathological, and biochemical perspectives established the diagnosis...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302510/a-case-of-mesenteric-cyst-in-a-4-year-old-child-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#2
Jae Woong Yoon, Du Young Choi, Yeon Kyun Oh, Seung Hyun Lee, Dong Baek Gang, Seung Taek Yu
Mesenteric cysts are rare intra-abdominal lesions occurring during childhood, which were first described in 1507. Cases of mesenteric cysts have been continuously reported, but these cases were very small in number. They are often asymptomatic and incidentally found while patients are undergoing work-up or receiving treatment for other conditions such as appendicitis, small-bowel obstruction, or diverticulitis; however, patients may still have lower abdominal pain and symptoms that are frequently associated with other abdominal conditions...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290192/demographics-and-outome-in-paediatric-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-single-centre-experience-at-the-children-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#3
Mahwish Faizan, Saadia Anwar, Safia Khan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient demographics and outcome analysis in paediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Hematology/Oncology Unit of The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2012 till December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Demographics including age, gender, histopathology, stage and outcome data, in biopsy proven NHL patients were analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180299/initial-imaging-for-pediatric-renal-tumors-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#4
Amanda F Saltzman, Alonso Carrasco, Jason Weinman, Mariana L Meyers, Nicholas G Cost
PURPOSE: Current Children's Oncology Group studies on children with renal malignancy focus on minimizing side effects with a goal of decreasing long term complications. The goal of the present study is to evaluate the patterns of initial imaging in children with renal tumors. MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 122 patients treated for renal tumors at our institution from 2005 to 2016. Ideal imaging was defined as cross-sectional imaging of C/A/P in one setting without any additional ionizing radiation exposing scans...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169902/-reversion-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-vilafranca-del-pened%C3%A3-s-child-population-activa-t-program-2012
#5
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Jordi Fernández-Blanco, Noemí Pujol-Plana, Sònia Surià Sonet, Maria Cèlia Pujol-Puyané, Sílvia Mercadé Fuentes, Laura Ojer Fernández de Soto, Josep A Tur
OBJECTIVE: To assess a 6-month nutritional and physical activity intervention program on the nutritional status of overweight or obese and not very active 8-14 years old children by means of a controlled pre-post design (ACTIVA'T program). METHOD: Pre-post study in 8-14 years old overweight or obese and low active children from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain) randomized in control group (n = 51, 47.1% girls, nutritional intervention and ≤3h/wk physical activity) and ACTIVA'T group (n = 45, 37...
November 20, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#6
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131898/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-longitudinal-ultrasonographic-measures-of-fetal-growth-findings-from-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons
#7
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098007/primary-renal-lymphoma-presenting-as-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
Lavjay Butani, Jonathan Ducore
Primary renal lymphoma is a rare entity, even more so in children. Children with primary renal lymphoma present with variable clinical features such as constitutional signs and symptoms, acute kidney injury, palpable abdominal masses, and gross hematuria. Herein we report a child who presented with seemingly advanced chronic kidney disease and was eventually diagnosed with primary lymphoma. He responded well to intensive chemotherapy and recovered renal function, although he was left with some functional limitations as a consequence of his treatment regimen...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089742/a-case-of-retroperitoneal-malignant-triton-tumor-in-a-nigerian-boy
#9
Jideofor Okechukwu Ugwu, Michael Emeka Onwukamuche, Hyginus O Ekwunife, Jude Kennedy C Emejulu, Victor Modekwe, Osuigwe An Osuigwe
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare tumor occurring in 5%-10% of all malignant soft tissues sarcomas and triton tumor arising from neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is even rarer with associated high rate of mortality. No case of triton tumor has been reported in Nigeria to the best of our knowledge. We seek to report a case of lately detected retroperitoneal triton tumor presenting in a 12-year-old Nigerian child who was brought with bilateral lower limb weaknesses, weight loss, and a right lumbar mass...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057712/rapunzel-syndrome-gastric-trichobezoar-a-rare-presentation-with-generalised-oedema-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Islam Nour, Mona Abd Alatef, Ahmed Megahed, Sohier Yahia, Yahya Wahba, Abd Elazeez Shabaan
Rapunzel syndrome is a rare form of gastric trichobezoar. A 4-year-old girl presented with generalised oedema and an epigastric mass. Her family was of a relatively low socio-economic background. There was microcytic hypochromic anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and an elevated α1-antitrypsin clearance. Abdominal ultrasound and non-contrast computed tomography demonstrated a heterogeneous mass related to the stomach. Upper gastro-intestinal tract endoscopy failed to remove it. Surgical laparotomy was undertaken through a single anterior gastrotomy incision and a large mass was extracted which was a cast of the duodenum and stomach and had a tail of approximately 60 cm in length which extended to the jejunum...
October 23, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042959/diagnosis-of-cobalamin-c-deficiency-with-renal-abnormality-from-onset-in-a-chinese-child-by-next-generation-sequencing-a-case-report
#11
Qiuxia Chen, Huaying Bao, Hongmei Wu, Sanlong Zhao, Songming Huang, Fei Zhao
The aim of the present study was to present the diagnosis and treatment course of a patient with cobalamin C deficiency (cblC) hospitalized with renal function abnormality from the onset. A female, 7-year-old patient who presented with a cough and progressive dyspnea for 1 day was admitted to the Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing, China). A routine clinical examination was performed, including physical examination, routine blood and urine tests, blood gas analysis, computed tomography scans of the head, chest and abdomen, electrocardiogram, echocardiography and abdominal ultrasonography...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019905/bezold-jarisch-reflex-occurred-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-giant-intra-abdominal-teratoma-during-induction-of-anesthesia-a-case-report
#12
Kai-Ming Yuan, Shu-Ying Fu, Jun Li, Wang-Ning Shangguan, Qing-Quan Lian
RATIONALE: Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR) occurs when the cardioinhibitory receptors in the walls of ventricles are activated by various stimuli, with typical features of bradycardia, vasorelaxation, and hypotension. This reflex usually happens in parturient intrathecal anesthesia, as a result of decreased venous return by compression of inferior vena cava, but it is only rarely reported during general anesthesia. PATIENT CONCERNS: Severe bradycardia and hypotension, indicating BJR, occurred during the induction of general anesthesia in a 3-month-old female child with giant intra-abdominal teratoma...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928922/liver-transplantation-as-definitive-treatment-of-an-unresectable-mesenchymal-hamartoma-in-a-child-with-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#13
Evelyn T Pan, Dor Yoeli, Michael L Kueht, N Thao N Galvan, Ronald T Cotton, Christine A O'Mahony, Abbas Rana, John A Goss
Mesenchymal liver hamartomas are benign tumors that can cause life-threatening abdominal distension and carry a risk for malignant transformation. In this case report, we describe a 13-month-old male with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) who presented with multiple mesenchymal liver hamartomas causing severe intra-abdominal mass effect. Imaging revealed six large multi-locular cystic lesions, ranging from 3.8 to 8.9 cm in diameter. The large size and spread of the tumors necessitated liver transplantation for complete removal...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765180/isolated-third-nerve-palsy-a-rare-neurological-presentation-of-burkitt-s-lymphoma
#14
Siddhesh Arun Kalantri, Akshatha Nayak, Saikat Datta, Maitreyee Bhattacharyya
Lymphoma patient presenting with isolated third nerve palsy is relatively rare, and diagnosis of underlying disease may be challenging. Until this date, less than 20 cases have been described in the literature. This is the case of a 3-year-old boy who presented to neurologist with ptosis of left eye for 8 days. On examination, abdominal mass was detected, and the child was referred to paediatric surgery department. Laparotomy and excision of the mass was done. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry of the mass confirmed it to be a case of Burkitt's lymphoma...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752069/hemangioendothelioma-of-the-bladder-the-youngest-case-report-in-a-child
#15
Jupiter Sibarani, Dedi Rachmadi, Tjahjodjati, Nur Atik, Safendra Siregar, Laurina Armella, Sawkar Vijay
Hemangioendothelioma is a vascular tumor that commonly found in soft tissue, lungs, heart, liver, and bones, but it is very rare in bladder. We report a case of pediatric hemangioendothelioma of the bladder in a 2 years 7 months-old boy that treated with total excision of the bladder and bilateral ureterocutaneoustomy. This case is the second case in pediatric patients, and the youngest case that reported in a child. Our patient is doing well post operatively. But unfortunately interferon a-2b is not available in our hospital...
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727974/autoamputation-of-the-appendix-presenting-as-a-calcified-abdominal-mass-following-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#16
Brent R Weil, Alyaa Al-Ibraheemi, Sara O Vargas, Shawn J Rangel
Autoamputation of the appendix has previously been reported in the literature, but it is likely an unusual event. We report a 2-year-old male child who had previously undergone laparotomy and bowel resection for necrotizing enterocolitis. Two years later a calcified intra-abdominal mass was identified on abdominal radiography and ultrasonography. Eventual laparotomy revealed a densely calcified mass within the transverse mesocolon. The mass was uneventfully resected. Pathologic evaluation showed appendiceal tissue, consistent with prior autoamputation of the vermiform appendix...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707775/giant-fetal-hydrometrocolpos-associated-with-cloacal-anomaly-causing-postnatal-respiratory-distress
#17
Tatsuhito Kanda, Takashi Iizuka, Rena Yamazaki, Junpei Iwadare, Masanori Ono, Hiroshi Fujiwara
Persistent cloaca is a rare presentation wherein the urethra, vagina, and rectum converge into a common channel with a single perineal opening. Fetal hydrometrocolpos can result if fluid accumulates behind an obstruction of this common channel. A 29-year-old woman (G4P1021) was referred at 36 2/7 weeks of gestation for evaluation of a fetal abdominal cystic mass. Detailed ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed two symmetric cystic masses, bilateral hydronephrosis, and oligohydramnios. Elective cesarean delivery was performed at 37 0/7 weeks; the baby weighed 4043 g with Apgar scores of 5 and 6 at 1 and 5 min...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699604/torsion-of-a-wandering-spleen-in-an-adolescent-with-gaucher-disease
#18
Şükrü Güngör, Mehmet Öztürk, Fatma İlknur Varol, Ahmet Sığırcı, Mukadder Ayşe Selimoğlu
A wandering spleen is a rare condition characterized by the malposition of the spleen due to laxity or absence of its supporting ligaments. Although Gaucher disease generally presents with massive splenomegaly, which one of the predisposing causes of a wandering spleen, literature shows only one report of a wandering spleen in a child with Gaucher disease. In this case presentation, a 13-year-oldadolescent with Gaucher disease on enzyme replacement treatment was presented, who was detected having an abdominal mass on a routine visit and diagnosed with partial torsion of a wandering spleen associated with left lobe hypoplasia of the liver...
July 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694579/surgical-repair-of-congenital-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-1-year-old-child-with-literature-review
#19
Ashwani Bansal, Aparajita Mitra, Akshay Kumar Bisoi, Sandeep Agarwala
Reported here is a case of 1-year-old male child who presented with huge abdominal mass, which on radiological investigation was diagnosed as retroperitoneal pseudoaneurysm of the aorta. On exploration, it was found to be a true aneurysm of infrarenal abdominal aorta with inflow agenesis. Aneurysm was excised, and aorta was reconstructed with 10 mm Dacron graft. Postoperative computed tomography angiography showed patent graft with good distal runoff. Literature review revealed that only 26 cases of congenital abdominal aortic aneurysm had been reported so far...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658845/large-multicystic-dysplastic-kidney-mimicking-a-large-cystic-renal-neoplasm
#20
Priyank Yadav, Sanjoy Kumar Sureka, M S Ansari, Rahul Soni, Hira Lal
Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney (MCDK) is one of the most common renal conditions seen in paediatric population. The natural history typically involves involution and many of the patients with unilateral disease may actually never become symptomatic. The initial evaluation is usually done on Ultrasonography (USG) while cross-sectional imaging and nuclear scan are reserved for diagnostic dilemmas. Management is conservative and surgery is done for selected patients with symptomatic cysts or suspicion of neoplasm...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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