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antiphospholipid antibody syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428030/complement-inhibition-with-eculizumab-for-thrombotic-microangiopathy-rescues-a-living-donor-kidney-transplant-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome
#1
Praveen Ramakrishnan Geethakumari, Patrick Mille, Rakesh Gulati, Srikanth Nagalla
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is an enigmatic heterogeneous disorder despite several revelations in its pathobiology. Renal transplantation in patients with APS has been notoriously difficult due to the high risk of development of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which is often refractory to conventional treatment modalities such as aggressive anticoagulation and plasmapheresis. We describe a case of a 58-year-old male with secondary APS undergoing living unrelated renal transplantation for end-stage renal disease from lupus nephritis...
March 10, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424481/the-first-genome-wide-association-study-identifying-new-susceptibility-loci-for-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#2
Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara, Yosuke Omae, Minae Kawashima, Licht Toyo-Oka, Seik-Soon Khor, Hiromi Sawai, Tetsuya Horita, Tatsuya Atsumi, Atsuko Murashima, Daisuke Fujita, Tomio Fujita, Shinji Morimoto, Eriko Morishita, Shinji Katsuragi, Tamao Kitaori, Kinue Katano, Yasuhiko Ozaki, Katsushi Tokunaga
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the most important treatable cause of recurrent pregnancy loss. The live birth rate is limited to only 70-80% in patients with APS undergoing established anticoagulant therapy. Lupus anticoagulant (LA), but not anticardiolipin antibody (aCL), was found to predict adverse pregnancy outcome. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of APS focusing on aCL have shown that several molecules may be involved. This is the first GWAS for obstetric APS focusing on LA. A GWAS was performed to compare 115 Japanese patients with obstetric APS, diagnosed according to criteria of the International Congress on APS, and 419 healthy individuals...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421990/elevated-levels-of-soluble-cd40-ligand-are-associated-with-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Ki-Jo Kim, In-Woon Baek, Chong-Hyeon Yoon, Wan-Uk Kim, Chul-Soo Cho
OBJECTIVES: The CD40L/CD40 pathway is involved in the pathophysiology of atherothrombotic disease, and elevated levels of soluble CD40L (sCD40L) were reported in SLE patients. However, the clinical implication of sCD40L in SLE remains elusive. METHODS: We measured levels of plasma sCD40L in 241 SLE patients and 37 healthy controls and investigated its association with clinical manifestation and laboratory parameters. RESULTS: Levels of plasma sCD40L in SLE patients were significantly elevated compared with healthy controls (p=0...
April 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420047/organ-damage-accrual-and-distribution-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-followed-up-for-more-than-10-years
#4
M Taraborelli, I Cavazzana, N Martinazzi, M Grazia Lazzaroni, M Fredi, L Andreoli, F Franceschini, A Tincani
Objective The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, predictors and progression of organ damage in a monocentric cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus patients with a long follow-up. Organ damage was assessed by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index one year after diagnosis and every five years. Disease activity was measured by the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI)-2K at the beginning of the follow-up. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to detect items associated with damage...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417627/a-retrospective-study-on-the-association-between-thyroid-autoantibodies-with-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-and-cardiolipin-antibodies-in-recurrent-miscarriage
#5
Regina Promberger, Katharina Walch, Rudolf Seemann, Sophie Pils, Johannes Ott
Etiologic factors for recurrent miscarriage (RM) include autoimmune diseases, the most frequently antiphospholipid syndrome and thyroiditis. Some women who suffer from RM might also have an altered immune system. We aimed to evaluate possible associations between anti-thyroid and anti-phospholipid antibodies in women with RM. In a retrospective case series 1 on 156 women with RM, major outcome parameters were antibodies against cardiolipin, β2-glycoprotein I, thyreoperoxidase (TPO-Ab), and thyroglobulin (TG-Ab)...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401195/live-birth-pregnancy-outcome-after-first-in-vitro-fertilization-treatment-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-isolated-high-positive-iga-anti-%C3%AE-2glycoprotein-i-antibodies-a-case-report
#6
Hristina Andreeva, Marit Seip, Stanislava Koycheva
IgA anti-β2glycoprotein I antibodies (IgA-anti-β2GPI) seems to be the most prevalent isotype in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) with a significant association to thrombotic events. Both SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) can be associated with implantation failure, fetal loss and obstetric complications. Recent reports highlight the clinical value of IgA-anti-β2GPI determination in supporting in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and IVF pregnancy outcomes. We report a 36-year-old female diagnosed with SLE, endometriosis and unexplained infertility...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400421/kidney-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-nephritis-flare-de-novo-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-pregnant-patients-with-lupus
#7
Jill P Buyon, Mimi Y Kim, Marta M Guerra, Sifan Lu, Emily Reeves, Michelle Petri, Carl A Laskin, Michael D Lockshin, Lisa R Sammaritano, D Ware Branch, T Flint Porter, Allen Sawitzke, Joan T Merrill, Mary D Stephenson, Elisabeth Cohn, Jane E Salmon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kidney disease is a critical concern in counseling patients with lupus considering pregnancy. This study sought to assess the risk of renal flares during pregnancy in women with previous lupus nephritis in partial or complete remission, particularly in those with antidouble-stranded DNA antibodies and low complement levels, and the risk of new-onset nephritis in patients with stable/mildly active SLE. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We assessed active nephritis (renal flares and de novo kidney disease) and associated predictors during pregnancy in patients with lupus with urine protein ≤1000 mg and serum creatinine <1...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398429/antiphospholipid-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Ryan E O'Leary, Jennifer L Hsiao, Scott D Worswick
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by a thrombotic event and/or pregnancy morbidity in the presence of persistently elevated antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody titers, which are most prevalent in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus but also have been associated with other autoimmune, malignant, and infectious diseases. In contrast to the clear correlation between high aPL antibody titers and thrombotic events in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, the pathogenic role of these autoantibodies in association with other diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is not as well defined...
March 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394231/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-children-born-to-prospectively-followed-pregnancies-of-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#9
C Nalli, A Iodice, L Andreoli, J Galli, A Lojacono, M Motta, E Fazzi, A Tincani
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) are autoimmune diseases that affect women of childbearing age. Maternal IgG antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can cross the placenta during pregnancy and theoretically reach the fetal brain. Some studies showed an increased number of learning disabilities in these children. Objectives To evaluate the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of 40 children (median age 7.4 years) born to mothers with SLE and/or APS carrying positive IgG aPL during the third trimester of pregnancy...
April 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393472/reduction-of-annexin-a5-anticoagulant-ratio-identifies-antiphospholipid-antibody-positive-patients-with-adverse-clinical-outcomes
#10
Lucia R Wolgast, Alan A Arslan, Xiao-Xuan Wu, Jessica Niakan, Vittorio Pengo, Jacob H Rand
BACKGROUND: Annexin A5 (A5) is a potent anticoagulant protein that shields anionic phospholipids from availability for coagulation reactions. Previous studies showed that antibodies from patients with antiphospholipid (aPL) syndrome (APS) interfere with A5 crystallization and anticoagulant activity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether reduction of the Annexin A5 Anticoagulant Ratio (A5R) assay (i.e. "A5 resistance") is associated with adverse clinical events in aPL antibody-positive patients...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387637/independent-validation-of-the-adjusted-gapss-role-of-thrombotic-risk-assessment-in-the-real-life-setting
#11
N Fernandez Mosteirin, L Saez Comet, C Salvador Osuna, J M Calvo Villas, J Velilla Marco
Objective The objective of this report is to independently validate the adjusted Global Antiphospholipid Syndrome Score (aGAPSS) to predict thrombosis in a cohort of patients with APS and/or autoimmune disease. Methods This retrospective cohort study included 319 consecutive patients with APS and/or autoimmune disease. Data on clinical manifestations, conventional cardiovascular risk factors and aPL profile were collected. The aGAPSS was calculated for each patient by adding together the points corresponding to the risk factors...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385907/endovascular-recanalisation-of-a-chronic-occlusion-of-the-retrohepatic-ivc-associated-to-a-filter-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#12
Carlos A Hinojosa, Rene Lizola, Hugo Laparra-Escareno, Javier E Anaya-Ayala
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are useful adjuncts to prevent venous thromboembolism to the pulmonary circulation in the setting of contraindication for anticoagulation. Despite their proven decreased rate of pulmonary embolism, IVC filters are not without complications. We herein present the case of a 22-year-old man with a history of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome who was sent to our institution for evaluation with Budd-Chiari and post-thrombotic syndromes associated to a chronic retrohepatic complete IVC occlusion secondary to an IVC filter placed 5 years earlier...
April 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385357/the-adjusted-global-antiphospholipid-syndrome-score-agapss-for-risk-stratification-in-young-aps-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#13
M Radin, K Schreiber, P Costanzo, I Cecchi, D Roccatello, S Baldovino, M Bazzan, M J Cuadrado, S Sciascia
BACKGROUND: Young adults with acute myocardial infarction are a critical group to examine for the purpose of risk factor stratification and modification. In this study we aimed to assess the clinical utility of the adjusted Global AntiphosPholipid Syndrome Score (aGAPSS) for the risk stratification of acute myocardial infarction in a cohort of young patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The analysis included 83 consecutive APS patients (≤50years old) who presented with arterial or venous thromboembolic events...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363116/clinical-significance-of-anti-domain-1-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-antibodies-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#14
Teresa Iwaniec, Marcin P Kaczor, Magdalena Celińska-Löwenhoff, Stanisław Polański, Jacek Musiał
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by the presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patients with thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity. In APS patients anti-domain 1 β2-glycoprotein I (anti-D1 β2GPI) IgG antibodies correlate strongly with thrombosis and to the lesser extent, with pregnancy complications. The aim of this study was to assess clinical utility of the anti-D1 β2GPI antibodies in the diagnosis and risk stratification of antiphospholipid syndrome...
February 24, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361335/endosomal-redox-signaling-in-the-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Karl J Lackner, Davit Manukyan, Nadine Müller-Calleja
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is well established that the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is caused by antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). While several underlying mechanisms have been described in the past, many open questions remain. Here, we will review data on endosomal signaling and, in particular, redox signaling in APS. RECENT FINDINGS: Endosomal redox signaling has been implicated in several cellular processes including signaling of proinflammatory cytokines. We have shown that certain aPL can activate endosomal NADPH-oxidase (NOX) in several cell types followed by induction of proinflammatory and procoagulant cellular responses in vitro...
April 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357636/probable-catastrophic-antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-secondary-to-epstein-barr-viral-infection
#16
Mark P Plummer, Adam M H Young, Ronan O'Leary, Maxwell S Damian, Andrea Lavinio
BACKGROUND: Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare, severe variant of antiphospholipid syndrome with a high mortality rate. We report a unique case of CAPS secondary to Epstein-Barr viral (EBV) infection complicated by pulmonary and intracerebral hemorrhage. A review of the CAPS literature relevant to intensive care practice is used to outline a rational approach to diagnosis and management. METHODS: All data are from a single patient admitted to the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit in Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, in March 2016...
March 29, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355988/direct-oral-anticoagulants-an-alternative-treatment-for-thrombotic-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#17
A S Resseguier, B Pereira, V Rieu, G Le Guenno, V Grobost, M Ruivard
Background Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) demonstrate a lower risk-benefit ratio than vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for secondary thromboprophylaxis of thrombotic events. But there are no data on the efficacy of DOACs for the prevention of thrombotic recurrence in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of DOACs to prevent recurrences of thrombotic events in patients with APS. Methods This was a single-center pilot, using a multi-step Fleming design. If seven or fewer patients presented treatment failure with rivaroxaban, the study could conclude efficacy...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355985/cessation-of-oral-anticoagulants-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#18
C Comarmond, P Jego, C Veyssier-Belot, I Marie, A Mekinian, A Elmaleh-Sachs, G Leroux, D Saadoun, E Oziol, T Fraisse, H Hyvernat, M-F Thiercein-Legrand, F Sarrot-Reynauld, N Ferreira-Maldent, M de Menthon, C Goujard, D Khau, Y Nguen, S Monnier, A Michon, B Castel, O Decaux, J-C Piette, P Cacoub
Objective To study the outcome of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) after oral anticoagulant treatment cessation. Methods We performed a retrospective study of patients with APS experiencing cessation of oral anticoagulant and enrolled in a French multicentre observational cohort between January 2014 and January 2016. The main outcome was the occurrence of recurrent thrombotic event after oral anticoagulation cessation. Results Forty four APS patients interrupted oral anticoagulation. The median age was 43 (27-56) years...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347805/%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-and-its-antibodies-involve-in-the-pathogenesis-of-the-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Aiping Bai
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by venous or arterial thrombosis, and associated with dysfunctions of endothelial cells and monocytes. β2-glycoprotein I is a phospholipid-binding glycoprotein, and its antibodies have been reported to correlate strongly with thrombotic risk and play putative role in the pathogenesis of APS, whereas the biofunctions of anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies remain largely uncertain. It is noted that β2-glycoprotein I exhibits direct interaction with membrane Toll-like receptors, and through this interaction, the complex of β2-glycoprotein I and its antibodies induces intracellular signals via Toll-like receptors, resulting in activation of endothelial cells and monocytes, and expression of proinflammatory cytokines...
March 24, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342880/-for-a-targeted-use-of-aspirin
#20
H Madar, S Brun, F Coatleven, A Nithart, C Lecoq, M Gleyze, B Merlot, L Sentilhes
The use of low-dose aspirin in pregnancy should remain a highly targeted indication since its long-term safety has not been established and should be restricted to women at high risk of vascular complications. Indications for which the benefit of aspirin has been shown are women with a history of preeclampsia responsible for a premature birth before 34 weeks, those having at least two history of preeclampsia, those with an antiphospholipid syndrome and those with lupus associated with positive antiphospholipid antibodies or renal failure...
March 22, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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