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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494914/the-effect-of-melatonin-on-early-postoperative-cognitive-decline-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yunxia Fan, Liang Yuan, Muhuo Ji, Jianjun Yang, Dapeng Gao
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether exogenous melatonin supplementation could ameliorate early postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) in aged patients undergoing hip arthroplasty with spinal anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Anesthesiology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. PATIENTS: One hundred and thirty-nine patients with ASA I-III, older than 65yr of age (mean age: 74...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474978/angiographic-analysis-of-vascular-integrity-after-percutaneous-closure-using-prostar-xl-device-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#2
Fabien Lareyre, Juliette Raffort, Carine Dommerc, Mohamed Benhammamia, François Bourlon, Yacoub Habib, Claude Mialhe
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous closure devices are commonly used to achieve hemostasis during endovascular procedures including transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of our study was to investigate the quality of the percutaneous femoral arterial closure by Prostar XL device using a systematic peroperative angiographic control at the end of TAVI procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventeen consecutive patients (mean age: 84 [6.5]; 112 women and 105 men) undergoing TAVI with percutaneous transfemoral access were prospectively registered in our center...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464708/short-term-outcomes-of-colorectal-resection-for-cancer-in-elderly-in-the-era-of-enhanced-recovery
#3
A Venara, J Barbieux, S Mucci, M F Talbot, E Lermite, A Hamy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early rehabilitation protocols should be assessed in elderly. We aimed to study the outcomes of colorectal surgery and the observance of the modalities of an early rehabilitation protocol in patients over 80 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer in our center over a 19-month period were included. All of these patients were managed using the same early rehabilitation protocol. Patients older than 80 were compared to younger patients...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443816/segmental-volvulus-in-the-neonate-a-particular-clinical-entity
#4
Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Sylvie Beaudoin, Blandine Marion, Véronique Rousseau, Agnes Giuseppi, Muriel Nicloux, David Grevent, Laurent J Salomon, Yves Aigrain, Alexandre Lapillonne, Sabine Sarnacki
BACKGROUND: Complete intestinal volvulus is mainly related to congenital anomalies of the so-called intestinal malrotation, whereas segmental volvulus appears as a distinct entity, mostly observed during the perinatal period. Because these two situations are still lumped together, the aim of this study was to describe the particular condition of neonatal segmental volvulus. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the circumstances of diagnosis and management of 17 consecutives neonates operated for segmental volvulus more than a 10-year period in a single institution...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429863/abdominal-vagus-nerve-stimulation-as-a-new-therapeutic-approach-to-prevent-postoperative-ileus
#5
N Stakenborg, A M Wolthuis, P J Gomez-Pinilla, G Farro, M Di Giovangiulio, G Bosmans, E Labeeuw, M Verhaegen, I Depoortere, A D'Hoore, G Matteoli, G E Boeckxstaens
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve (VNS) prevents postoperative ileus (POI) in mice. As this approach requires an additional cervical procedure, we explored the possibility of peroperative abdominal VNS in mice and human. METHODS: The effect of cervical and abdominal VNS was studied in a murine model of POI and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis. Postoperative ileus was quantified by assessment of intestinal transit of fluorescent dextran expressed as geometric center (GC)...
April 21, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419237/the-fat-score-a-fibrosis-score-of-adipose-tissue-predicting-weight-loss-outcome-after-gastric-bypass
#6
Pierre Bel Lassen, Frederic Charlotte, Yuejun Liu, Pierre Bedossa, Gilles le Naour, Joan Tordjman, Christine Poitou, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Laurent Genser, Jean-Daniel Zucker, Nataliya Sokolovska, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky, Karine Clément
Context: Bariatric surgery (BS) induces major and sustainable weight loss in many but not all patients. Factors predicting poor responders (PR) need to be identified to improve patient care. Quantification of subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT) fibrosis is negatively associated with post-BS weight loss, but whether it could constitute a predictor applicable in clinical routine remains to be demonstrated. Objective: To create a semi-quantitative score evaluating scAT fibrosis and test its predictive value on weight loss response after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397681/-isolated-gallbladder-agenesis-without-biliary-atresia-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#7
Bojan Kovacevic, Laura Sophie Mössinger, Thomas Boel
We present a case of a 16-year-old male patient with recurrent abdominal pain in the upper right quadrant, signed up for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a single gallstone seen on preoperative abdominal ultrasound. Because of dilatation of the common bile duct subsequent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was performed, and surprisingly, the gallbladder was found missing. The operation was therefore cancelled. Even though gallbladder agenesis is a rare condition, it still represents a diagnostic challenge as most cases are found peroperatively, and the patients undergo unnecessary surgery...
February 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385111/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-treatment-of-mesh-infection-after-abdominal-surgery-long-term-results-and-patient-reported-outcome
#8
S Nobaek, P Rogmark, U Petersson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment of synthetic mesh infections has previously often resulted in mesh explantation. Negative pressure wound therapy has been used in these situations with encouraging results. The aims of this study were to evaluate wound healing, mesh preservation, and patient-reported outcome after negative pressure wound therapy of mesh infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy for mesh infection and age-matched mesh-operated controls without postoperative complications were scrutinized in a retrospective study...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382293/combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#9
Sinan Uzman, Turgut Donmez, Vuslat Muslu Erdem, Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim, Muzaffer Akinci
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is routinely performed under general, not regional anesthesia. This study assessed the feasibility, efficacy, and side effects of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) in LA. METHODS: Thirty-three American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification grade I patients underwent LA under CSEA. CSEA was performed using the needle-through-needle technique at the L3-L4 interspace. Preoperative and postoperative adverse events related to CSEA, patient satisfaction, and postoperative pain levels were recorded...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341496/prospective-assessment-and-histological-analysis-of-adherent-perinephric-fat-in-partial-nephrectomies
#10
Charles Dariane, Thomas Le Guilchet, Sophie Hurel, François Audenet, Aurélien Beaugerie, Cécile Badoual, Joan Tordjman, Karine Clément, Saïk Urien, Michel Pietak, Eric Fontaine, Arnaud Méjean, Marc-Olivier Timsit
OBJECTIVES: The complexity of partial nephrectomy (PN) is partly anticipated by morphometric tumor-based scores that do not consider patient-related issues such as adherent perinephric fat (APF). Also, the objective is to prospectively assess the predictive factors of APF during PN, its effect on complications, and to correlate it to the histological reality. METHODS: A total of 125 consecutive patients undergoing robotic or open PN were prospectively included. The Mayo adhesive probability score (MAP score) was compared to the peroperative presence of APF defined by a score≥2...
February 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335130/the-continuation-of-a-double-antiplatelet-treatment-does-not-increase-the-peroperative-hemorrhagic-risk-in-patients-operated-for-carotid-stenosis-results-of-a-franco-italian-exploratory-study
#11
Giulio Illuminati, Fabrice Schneider, Giulia Pizzardi, Federica Masci, Francesco Calio, Jean-Baptiste Ricco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335127/conventional-carotid-surgery-treatment-by-carotid-stenting-of-an-anomaly-observed-on-the-peroperative-angiographic-control-poac
#12
Tristan Boyer, David Bensoussan, Mourad Boufi, Olivier Hartung, Bianca Dona, Florent Vernet, Alexandra Kizyma, Yves Alimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264580/-ethical-aspects-of-uterus-transplantation
#13
Roman Chmel, Marta Nováčková, Zlatko Pastor, Jan Matěcha, Miloš Čekal, Jiří Froněk
Uterus transplantation is an experimental treatment method with an ambition to become accepted treatment modality for women with absolute uterine factor infertility. The only legal alternative for these women to get parenthood is adoption which is accepted by most world societies and countries. Surrogate pregnancy is connected with many medical, ethical, legal, religious and social controversies in the great part of the world.Donors (in living donation), recipients, partners and also unborn children must be incorporated into the analysis of ethical risks and benefits of uterus transplantation...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238918/zenith-bifurcated-iliac-side-branch-device-mid-term-results-and-assessment-of-risk-factors-for-intraoperative-thrombosis
#14
Charline Delay, Sébastien Deglise, Anne Lejay, Yannick Georg, Mathieu Roussin, Mickaël Schaeffer, François Saucy, Fabien Thaveau, Jean-Marc Corpataux, Nabil Chakfe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the short- and mid-term results of the Zenith bifurcated iliac side branch device (ZBIS) in the treatment of common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms, and to assess risk factors for intraoperative internal iliac artery (IIA) thrombosis. METHODS: All patients who underwent endovascular treatment of either an isolated CIA aneurysm or an aortoiliac aneurysm using the ZBIS device in the departments of vascular surgery of Strasbourg (France) and Lausanne (Switzerland) between January 2010 and December 2014 were retrospectively collected...
May 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236003/oct-angiography-quantifying-choriocapillary-circulation-in-idiopathic-macular-hole-before-and-after-surgery
#15
Yufei Teng, Marco Yu, Yi Wang, Xinxin Liu, Qisheng You, Wu Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the choriocapillary circulation in the macular area for eyes with unilateral idiopathic macular hole (IMH) before and after vitrectomy using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: A prospective study of 25 patients with unilateral IMH who underwent vitrectomy and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. Choriocapillary circulation was measured by OCTA to obtain two measurements: flow area and parafovea vessel density...
February 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225836/analysis-of-immune-cell-populations-in-atrial-myocardium-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-or-sinus-rhythm
#16
Natalia Smorodinova, Martin Bláha, Vojtěch Melenovský, Karolína Rozsívalová, Jaromír Přidal, Mária Ďurišová, Jan Pirk, Josef Kautzner, Tomáš Kučera
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and despite obvious clinical importance remains its pathogenesis only partially explained. A relation between inflammation and AF has been suggested by findings of increased inflammatory markers in AF patients. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to characterize morphologically and functionally CD45-positive inflammatory cell populations in atrial myocardium of patients with AF as compared to sinus rhythm (SR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183175/carotid-endarterectomy-has-significantly-lower-risk-in-the-last-two-decades-should-the-guidelines-now-be-updated
#17
Djordje Radak, Djurre de Waard, Alison Halliday, Mihailo Neskovic, Slobodan Tanaskovic
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) carries a significant risk of procedural stroke and death Guidelines recommend keeping this risk below 6% and below 3% for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients respectively. After analysing our Institute's CEA results during the past 25 years, we found the rate of postoperative complications was now well below Guideline thresholds. Accordingly, we studied temporal changes in procedural risks in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in large observational studies in order to compare these against Guidelines...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166068/role-of-c-reactive-protein-in-acute-appendicitis
#18
R Ghimire, A Sharma, S Bohara
Background Acute appendicitis is the common surgical emergency. This study analyzed the value of C-reactive protein as the diagnostic marker of acute appendicitis. Objective To assess the level of C-reactive protein in acute appendicitis and to relate the quantitative measurement with degree of inflammation of appendix. Method A cross sectional study was done with consecutive patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis that underwent appendectomy over six months period. Peroperative findings and histopathology report were compared and analyzed with the level of C-reactive protein...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124862/fluid-management-in-thoracic-anesthesia
#19
Mert Şentürk, Mukadder Orhan Sungur, Zerrin Sungur
Fluid management during thoracic anesthesia remains as a challenge for the anesthesiologists. The "safe zone" between volume overload (risk of pulmonary edema) and hypovolemia (potential risk of renal failure) is hard to determine and narrow. Relationship between peroperative fluid administration and postoperative lung injury has been clearly demonstrated but lung injury can even occur after the most restrictive management. Multiple hit hypothesis and endothelial glycocalyx in addition to revised Starling equation can help us understand this dilemma...
January 25, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124458/hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-associates-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-liver-transplantation-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Ina Jochmans, Nicolas Meurisse, Arne Neyrinck, Marleen Verhaegen, Diethard Monbaliu, Jacques Pirenne
Solid clinical prospective studies investigating the association between hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) and acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation are missing. HIRI, reflected by transaminase release, induces AKI in rodents, and retrospective studies suggest a similar association in humans. This prospective cohort study determined risk factors for AKI in 80 adult liver-only recipients. AKI defined by Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-Stage Kidney Disease (RIFLE) criteria developed in 21 (26%) recipients at 12 hours after reperfusion (interquartile range, 6 hours to postoperative day [POD] 1); 13 progressed from "risk" to "injury"; 5 progressed to "failure...
May 2017: Liver Transplantation
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