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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183175/carotid-endarterectomy-has-significantly-lower-risk-in-the-last-two-decades-should-the-guidelines-now-be-updated
#1
Djordje Radak, Djurre de Waard, Alison Halliday, Mihailo Neskovic, Slobodan Tanaskovic
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) carries a significant risk of procedural stroke and death Guidelines recommend keeping this risk below 6% and below 3% for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients respectively. After analysing our Institute's CEA results during the past 25 years, we found the rate of postoperative complications was now well below Guideline thresholds. Accordingly, we studied temporal changes in procedural risks in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in large observational studies in order to compare these against Guidelines...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166068/role-of-c-reactive-protein-in-acute-appendicitis
#2
R Ghimire, A Sharma, S Bohara
Background Acute appendicitis is the common surgical emergency. This study analyzed the value of C-reactive protein as the diagnostic marker of acute appendicitis. Objective To assess the level of C-reactive protein in acute appendicitis and to relate the quantitative measurement with degree of inflammation of appendix. Method A cross sectional study was done with consecutive patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis that underwent appendectomy over six months period. Peroperative findings and histopathology report were compared and analyzed with the level of C-reactive protein...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124862/fluid-management-in-thoracic-anesthesia
#3
Mert Şentürk, Mukadder Orhan Sungur, Zerrin Sungur
Fluid management during thoracic anesthesia remains as a challenge for the anesthesiologists. The "safe zone" between volume overload (risk of pulmonary edema) and hypovolemia (potential risk of renal failure) is hard to determine and narrow. Relationship between peroperative fluid administration and postoperative lung injury has been clearly demonstrated but lung injury can even occur after the most restrictive management. Multiple hit hypothesis and endothelial glycocalyx in addition to revised Starling equation can help us understand this dilemma...
January 25, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124458/hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-associates-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-liver-transplantation-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Ina Jochmans, Nicolas Meurisse, Arne Neirynck, Marleen Verhaegen, Diethard Monbaliu, Jacques Pirenne
: Solid clinical prospective studies investigating the association between hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury and acute kidney injury after liver transplantation are missing. Hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury -reflected by transaminase release- induces acute kidney injury in rodents and retrospective studies suggest a similar association in man. This prospective cohort study determined risk factors for acute kidney injury in 80 adult liver-only recipients. Acute kidney injury -defined by RIFLE-criteria- developed in 21 (26%) recipients at 12 hours postreperfusion [inter quartile range: 6 hours-postoperative day 1]; 13 progressed from "Risk" to "Injury"; 5 to "Failure"...
January 25, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064382/early-assessment-of-feasibility-and-technical-specificities-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-using-the-da-vinci-xi
#5
Philippe Gorphe, Jean Von Tan, Sophie El Bedoui, Dana M Hartl, Anne Auperin, Quentin Qassemyar, Antoine Moya-Plana, François Janot, Morbize Julieron, Stephane Temam
The latest generation Da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot released has not been evaluated to date in transoral surgery for head and neck cancers. We report here the 1-year results of a non-randomized phase II multicentric prospective trial aimed at assessing its feasibility and technical specificities. Our primary objective was to evaluate the feasibility of transoral robotic surgery using the da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot. The secondary objective was to assess peroperative outcomes. Twenty-seven patients, mean age 62...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045242/evidence-for-periprocedural-antiplatelet-therapy-heparinization-and-bridging-of-coumarin-therapy-in-carotid-revascularization
#6
Art Brand, Gert J DE Borst
Thromboembolism prevention is a crucial factor determining both the natural outcome and outcome of intervention of stenotic atherosclerotic carotid artery pathology. Roughly 80% of all natural course cerebral ischemic events are caused by thromboembolism, versus 20% due to hemodynamic insufficiency. The risk of periprocedural cerebral (micro) thromboembolization during carotid revascularization is considered to be even higher, with a higher rate in carotid artery stenting (CAS) as compared to carotid endarterectomy (CEA)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024925/the-evolution-of-diastolic-function-during-liver-transplantation
#7
Pauline Devauchelle, Zoé Schmitt, Aurélie Bonnet, Serge Duperret, Jean-Paul Viale, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Frédéric Aubrun, Mathieu Gazon
INTRODUCTION: The peroperative management of liver transplantation is still associated with many cardio-circulatory complications in which diastolic dysfunction may play a contributive role. Transoesophageal echocardiography is a monitoring device commonly used in liver transplantation allowing diastolic function assessment. METHODS: We prospectively analysed the peroperative transoesophageal echocardiography recordings of 40 patients undergoing liver transplantation in order to describe changes in diastolic function at different steps of the surgery...
December 23, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966178/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-tension-free-vaginal-tape-in-a-historic-cohort-of-463-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#8
Armand Chevrot, Stéphane Droupy, Gregoire Coffin, Laurent Soustelle, Michel Boukaram, Brigitte Fatton, Renaud de Tayrac, Laurent Wagner, Pierre Costa
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We report retrospective data on the long-term safety and efficacy of the retropubic midurethral sling (MUS) in a large series of women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: In all, 517 patients were treated during the period January 2005 to June 2012 at a single centre in France. The Urinary Symptoms Profile score was used to identify women who were subjectively cured or improved or in whom treatment had failed. The rates of peroperative, and early (<30 days) and late postoperative complications were recorded...
December 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904431/term-live-secondary-abdominal-pregnancy-a-case-report
#9
Deepika Pannu, Rekha Bharti, H P Anand, Manjula Sharma
Term, live abdominal pregnancy secondary to rupture of a uterine rudimentary horn is a rare condition. Pregnancies conceived in the rudimentary horn of the uterus usually rupture during early gestation and present as a catastrophic event. However, rarely, after rupture of the uterine horn the foetus may continue to grow in the abdominal cavity and reach term gestation. A primigravida with a term pregnancy was referred to our centre for caesarean section with ultrasonography findings of transverse lie and placenta previa...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894664/tomographic-osteometry-of-the-zygomatic-bone-applied-to-traumatology-of-facial-bones-preliminary-retrospective-study-of-zygomatic-summit-in-28-patients
#10
Barbara Lerhe, Sarah Alshehri, Denis Ferachon, Sébastien Dejean, Anne Sophie Salabert, Raphael Lopez
BACKGROUND: The available referential measures defining the zygomatic bone morphology are adequate enough for full determination of the zygoma positioning, especially for trauma surgery, but osteometric analysis of the zygoma positioning based on tomographic examinations could be useful in peroperative and postoperative imaging. In this study, we propose referential measures, taking into account the morphology and the symmetry of the zygoma. In addition, the reliability and reproducibility are considered...
January 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882764/-acute-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-complicated-by-rupture-of%C3%A2-aneurysm-of-artery-lienalis
#11
E Hostinská, K Huml, R Pilka
OBJECTIVE: We present a case of pregnant woman with acute pacreatitis in 38th week comlicated by acute rupture of aneurysm of artery lienalis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty Hospital and Palacky University, Olomouc. CASE REPORT: 28-years-old primipara in 38th week of gestation was admitted to our department for acute pancreatitis caused by gallstones. Subsequent conservative treatment was complicated by rupture of aneurysm of lienal artery and haemorrhagic shock...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871572/the-effects-of-sevoflurane-and-desflurane-on-the-hemodynamics-and-respiratory-functions-in-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Hatice Kaya Ozdogan, Suleyman Cetinkunar, Faruk Karateke, Sibel Cetinalp, Muge Celik, Sefa Ozyazici
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleeve gastrectomy has been one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgery methods. The study aimed to compare the effects of 2 most commonly used inhalation anesthetics, sevoflurane and desflurane, on the peroperative hemodynamic alterations and postoperative respiratory functions in morbidly obese patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy. DESIGN: Nonrandomized cohort. SETTINGS: Operating room, postoperative period. PATIENTS: Eighty-four morbidly obese patients with a body mass index greater than 40 kg/m(2) who had scheduled to undergo sleeve gastrectomy operation were prospectively included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871570/peroperative-cardiogenic-shock-suggesting-acute-coronary-syndrome-as-initial-manifestation-of-lyme-carditis
#13
C Clinckaert, S Bidgoli, T Verbeet, R Attou, P Gottignies, J Massaut, P Reper
Carditis can complicate Lyme disease in an estimated <5% of cases, and cardiogenic shock and severe cardiac arrhythmias are described with electrocardiographic abnormalities that could be suggestive of coronary manifestations. We report a case of severe persistent biventricular heart failure complicated by cardiac arrhythmias as initial manifestation of a Lyme disease developing peroperatively electrocardiographic abnormalities suggesting acute transmural myocardial infarction.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834460/a-randomised-controlled-clinical-study-on-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-4-different-bearings-results-after-10-years
#14
Arne Borgwardt, Bo Zerahn, Sandra D Fabricius, Tine H Bertelsen, Henrik Daugaard, Søren Ribel-Madsen
PURPOSE: To compare 4 different bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a randomised controlled clinical study on clinical performance. METHODS: 393 patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or avascular necrosis were included and allocated to 1 of the head-and-cup couples zirconia-on-polyethylene (group A), metal-on-metal (group B), zirconia-on-polyethylene with the liner moulded into the shell (group C), or alumina-on-alumina (group D). In the individual case the surgeon could choose other implants if indicated...
November 3, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788137/postoperative-mortality-after-hip-fracture-surgery-a-3-years-follow-up
#15
Oya Kilci, Canan Un, Ozlem Sacan, Mehmet Gamli, Semih Baskan, Mustafa Baydar, Bulent Ozkurt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To determine mortality rates and predisposing factors in patients operated for a hip fracture in a 3-year follow-up period. METHODS: The study included patients who underwent primary surgery for a hip fracture.The inclusion criteria were traumatic, non-traumatic, osteoporotic and pathological hip fractures requiring surgery in all age groups and both genders. Patients with periprosthetic fractures or previous contralateral hip fracture surgery and patients who could not be contacted by telephone were excluded...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709239/patient-specific-instruments-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-can-accurately-predict-the-component-size-as-used-peroperative
#16
Martijn G M Schotanus, Daphne A L Schoenmakers, Rob Sollie, Nanne P Kort
PURPOSE: Patients-specific instruments (PSI) for implantation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be used to predict the implant size for both the femur and the tibia component. This study aims to determine the impact of approval of the PSI planning for TKA on the frequency of, and reason for intraoperative changes of implant sizes. METHODS: The clinical records of 293 patients operated with MRI- (90.4 %) and CT-based (9.6 %) PSI were reviewed for actual used implant size...
October 5, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697620/preoperative-ultrasound-staging-of-the-axilla-make-s-peroperative-examination-of-the-sentinel-node-redundant-in-breast-cancer-saving-tissue-time-and-money
#17
Christophe Van Berckelaer, Manon Huizing, Mireille Van Goethem, Andrew Vervaecke, Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Inge Verslegers, Bich X Trinh, Peter Van Dam, Sevilay Altintas, Tim Van den Wyngaert, Ivan Huyghe, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Wiebren A A Tjalma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of preoperative axillary staging with ultrasound (US) and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Can we avoid intraoperative sentinel lymph node (SLN) examination, with an acceptable revision rate by preoperative staging? DESIGN: This study is based on the retrospective data of 336 patients that underwent US evaluation of the axilla as part of their staging. A FNAC biopsy was performed when abnormal lymph nodes were visualized. Patients with normal appearing nodes on US or a benign diagnostic biopsy had removal of the SLNs without intraoperative pathological examination...
November 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678351/pathophysiology-of-colorectal-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-role-of-the-peritoneum
#18
REVIEW
Lieselotte Lemoine, Paul Sugarbaker, Kurt Van der Speeten
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Besides the lymphatic and haematogenous routes of dissemination, CRC frequently gives rise to transcoelomic spread of tumor cells in the peritoneal cavity, which ultimately leads to peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). PC is associated with a poor prognosis and bad quality of life for these patients in their terminal stages of disease. A loco-regional treatment modality for PC combining cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal peroperative chemotherapy has resulted in promising clinical results...
September 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677195/recidivous-cholesteatoma-dwi-mr-after-canal-wall-up-and-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#19
T Bakaj, L Bakaj Zbrozkova, R Salzman, M Tedla, I Starek
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between preoperative non-echo planar diffusion-weighted (non-EPI DWI) MR imaging with surgical findings of recidivous middle ear cholesteatoma after canal wall up (CWU) and canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy. BACKGROUND: The detection of recidive cholesteatoma after CWU and after CWD procedures, when the trepanation cavity is spontaneously closed by soft tissue, is possible by second-look and revision surgery. However, many cases prove to be negative of the disease...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660256/imaging-for-quality-control-comparison-of-systematic-video-recording-to-the-operative-note-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-pilot-study
#20
F W van de Graaf, M M Lange, A G Menon, P R A O'Mahoney, J W Milsom, J F Lange
BACKGROUND: Oncological and functional results after colorectal cancer surgery vary considerably between hospitals and surgeons. At present, the only source of technical information about the surgical procedure is the operative note, which is subjective and omits critical information. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of operative video recording in demonstrating both objective information concerning the surgical procedure and surgical quality, as using a systematic approach might improve surgical performance...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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