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Chronic disease social media

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336364/mechanism-of-chronic-stress-induced-reduced-atherosclerotic-medial-area-and-increased-plaque-instability-in-rabbit-models-of-chronic-stress
#1
Ze-Mou Yu, Xiao-Tao Deng, Ruo-Mei Qi, Lu-Yan Xiao, Chong-Qing Yang, Tao Gong
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress contributes to increased risks of atherosclerotic diseases including heart disease, stroke, and transient ischemic attack. However, its underline mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism via which chronic stress exerts its effect on atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: Fifty male New Zealand white rabbits were used. Aortic balloon-injury model was applied. Both social stress and physical stress methods were adopted to establish chronic stress models...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335160/mobile-phone-use-among-patients-and-health-workers-to-enhance-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-south-africa
#2
Jocelyn Olivia Todd Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Frances Griffiths
Mobile phones have the potential to improve access to healthcare information and services in low-resourced settings. This study investigated the use of mobile phones among patients with chronic diseases, pregnant women, and health workers to enhance primary healthcare in rural South Africa. Qualitative research was undertaken in Mpumalanga in 2014. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 113 patients and 43 health workers from seven primary healthcare clinics and one district hospital. Data were thematically analysed...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#3
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169350/-what-say-ye-gout-experts-a-content-analysis-of-questions-about-gout-posted-on-the-social-news-website-reddit
#4
Christina Derksen, Anna Serlachius, Keith J Petrie, Nicola Dalbeth
BACKGROUND: Social media is increasingly used by patients to source information for managing chronic disease. The aim of this study was to understand patient information needs about gout by a content analysis of questions posted on the social news website Reddit. METHODS: We analysed questions posted onto the 'Gout sufferers unite' subreddit site. Two reviewers coded questions into categories (inter-reviewer kappa 0.70), with discordant coding resolved by a third reviewer...
November 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148198/ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-surgical-approach-to-the-management-of-middle-ear-effusions-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-children
#5
REVIEW
Kelvin Kong, Francis J Lannigan, Peter S Morris, Amanda J Leach, Stephen J O'Leary
Otitis media (OM) is a common condition in Australia. It represents a spectrum of diseases from otitis media with effusion (OME) to chronic suppurative otitis media. For all the OM diagnoses, Australian Indigenous children have higher rates of early onset, severe and persistent disease. OME is the most common form of OM and often occurs after an upper respiratory tract infection. It can be difficult to diagnose (and often goes unrecognised). Hearing loss is the most important complication. The middle-ear effusion impedes the movement of the tympanic membrane and causes a conductive hearing loss of around 25 dB...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080584/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-for-diabetes-mellitus
#6
REVIEW
Celia Levesque
Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease affecting approximately 9% of the United States population. Successful management of diabetes demands constant self-management on the part of the patient. The patient has to balance diabetes medications, blood glucose monitoring, food intake, physical activity, and management of diabetes-related acute and chronic complications. The patient is often bombarded with misinformation from friends, relatives, and such sources as the Internet and social media. This article discusses the current recommendations for diabetes self-management education and skills including medical nutrition therapy, physical activity, smoking cessation, and assessment for diabetes distress...
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#7
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021838/qualitative-analysis-of-parkinson-s-disease-information-on-social-media-the-case-of-youtube%C3%A2
#8
Ibrahim Saleh Al-Busaidi, Tim J Anderson, Yassar Alamri
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of data pertaining to the usefulness of information presented on social media platforms on chronic neuropsychiatric conditions such as Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to examine the quality of YouTube™ videos that deliver general information on PD and the availability and design of instructional videos addressing the caregiving role in PD. METHODS: YouTube™ was searched using the keyword "Parkinson's disease" for relevant videos...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954717/social-media-and-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-posttruth-age
#9
Luigi Lavorgna, Roberta Lanzillo, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Gianmarco Abbadessa, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita
Over the last few decades, patients have increasingly been searching for health information on the Internet. This aspect of information seeking is really important, especially for people affected by chronic pathologies and require lifelong treatment and management. These people are usually very well informed about the disease, but are nonetheless vulnerable to hopes of being cured or saved, often amplified by misinformation, myths, legends, and therapies that are not always scientifically proven. Many studies suggest that some individuals prefer to rely on the Internet as their main source of information, often hindering the patient-doctor relationship...
September 27, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885953/expanding-the-understanding-of-risk-behavior-associated-with-homelessness-among-veterans
#10
Taylor Harris, Sara Kintzle, Suzanne Wenzel, Carl Andrew Castro
INTRODUCTION: To advance large-scale efforts to end veteran homelessness, an understanding of factors that contribute to housing insecurity is necessary. Common risk behaviors (e.g., substance use and risky sexual practices) are associated with lengthier experiences of homelessness among the general homeless population, but less understood among homeless veterans. Additionally, whether emerging risk behaviors among veterans (e.g., sensation seeking and aggression) are associated with lengthy homeless experiences is unknown...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870356/the-childhood-roots-of-cardiovascular-disease-disparities
#11
REVIEW
Donald A Barr
A recent national review of the social determinants of cardiovascular disease (CVD) underscored the growing recognition that poor socioeconomic conditions early in life place children at higher risk for CVD as adults. There is growing evidence that chronic elevation of allostatic load as a consequence of high levels of early childhood stress can trigger early atherosclerotic changes in children independently of behaviors. Elevated levels of circulating cortisol have been documented in children as young as 4 years who were raised in highly stressful circumstances...
September 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867651/effects-of-cavity-reconstruction-on-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-after-canal-wall-down-tympanomastoidectomy
#12
Sinan Uluyol, Omer Ugur, Ilker Burak Arslan, Ozlem Yagiz, Murat Gumussoy, Ibrahim Cukurova
INTRODUCTION: Canal wall down (CWD) tympanomastoidectomy is commonly used to treat advanced chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma. The advantages of CWD mastoidectomy are excellent exposure for disease eradication and postoperative control of residual disease; its disadvantages include the accumulation of debris requiring life-long otological maintenance and cleaning, continuous ear drainage, fungal cavity infections, and the occurrence of dizziness and vertigo by changing temperature or pressure...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852643/concealed-use-of-herbal-and-dietary-supplements-among-thai-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Prapaipan Putthapiban, Weera Sukhumthammarat, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the most common chronic diseases that create great impacts on both morbidities and mortalities. Many patients who suffering from this disease seek for complementary and alternative medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and related factors of herbal and dietary supplement (HDS) use in patients with DM type 2 at a single university hospital in Thailand. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 200 type 2 DM patients via face-to-face structured interviews using developed questionnaires comprised of demographic data, diabetes-specific information, details on HDS use, and medical adherence...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793981/attitudes-of-crohn-s-disease-patients-infodemiology-case-study-and-sentiment-analysis-of-facebook-and-twitter-posts
#14
Marco Roccetti, Gustavo Marfia, Paola Salomoni, Catia Prandi, Rocco Maurizio Zagari, Faustine Linda Gningaye Kengni, Franco Bazzoli, Marco Montagnani
BACKGROUND: Data concerning patients originates from a variety of sources on social media. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show how methodologies borrowed from different areas including computer science, econometrics, statistics, data mining, and sociology may be used to analyze Facebook data to investigate the patients' perspectives on a given medical prescription. METHODS: To shed light on patients' behavior and concerns, we focused on Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, and the specific therapy with the biological drug Infliximab...
August 9, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793118/quality-of-life-of-elderly-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-conservative-treatment
#15
Roberta Maria de Pina Pereira, Marcelo Aparecido Batista, Aline de Sousa Meira, Marília Pilotto de Oliveira, Luciana Kusumota
Objective: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of elderly people with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in conservative treatment, correlating it with sociodemographic and health-related aspects. Method: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, and descriptive study that used: a previously validated instrument for data collection; the WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD QOL scales; and the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results: Thirty-five elderly people (54...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757935/cleft-palate-only-current-concepts
#16
L Tettamanti, A Avantaggiato, M Nardone, J Silvestre-Rangil, A Tagliabue
Cleft palate only (CPO) is one of the most common congenital malformations worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of CPO is not completely understood. Environmental factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, intake of drugs during pregnancy, advanced paternal age, have been demonstrated to be a risk of CPO, but conflicting results have also been published. Insufficient intake of folic acid during the pregnancy has been suggested to increase the risk for CPO. The demonstrated risk for siblings and the higher risk for monozygotic twins suggest a genetic etiopathogenesis for CPO...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710056/health-related-coping-and-social-interaction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-supported-by-a-social-network-pilot-study-with-a-new-methodological-approach
#17
Luigi Lavorgna, Antonio Russo, Manuela De Stefano, Roberta Lanzillo, Sabrina Esposito, Fatemeh Moshtari, Francesco Rullani, Kyrie Piscopo, Daniela Buonanno, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita
BACKGROUND: Social media are a vital link for people with health concerns who find in Web communities a valid and comforting source for information exchange, debate, and knowledge enrichment. This aspect is important for people affected by chronic diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), who are very well informed about the disease but are vulnerable to hopes of being cured or saved by therapies whose efficacy is not always scientifically proven. To improve health-related coping and social interaction for people with MS, we created an MS social network (SMsocialnetwork...
July 14, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698320/a-self-management-programme-of-activity-coping-and-education-space-for-copd-c-in-primary-care-the-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-trial
#18
Claire LA Bourne, Pratiksha Kanabar, Katy Mitchell, Sally Schreder, Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, M John G Bankart, Lindsay Apps, Stacey Hewitt, Theresa Harvey-Dunstan, Sally J Singh
INTRODUCTION: National guidance for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suggests that self-management support be provided for patients. Our institution has developed a standardised, manual-based, supported self-management programme: Self-Management Programme of Activity Coping and Education (SPACE for COPD(C)). SPACE was previously piloted on a 1-2-1 basis, delivered by researchers, to individuals with COPD. Discussions with stakeholders highlighted considerable interest in delivering the SPACE for COPD(C) intervention as a group-based self-management programme facilitated by healthcare professionals (HCPs) in primary care settings...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676470/desirable-components-for-a-customized-home-based-digital-care-management-app-for-children-and-young-people-with-long-term-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-exploration
#19
Ruth Nightingale, Andrew Hall, Carole Gelder, Simone Friedl, Eileen Brennan, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps for mobile phones and tablet devices are widely used by children and young people aged 0-18 years with long-term health conditions, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), and their healthy peers for social networking or gaming. They are also poised to become a major source of health guidance. However, app development processes that are coproduced, rigorously developed, and evaluated to provide tailored, condition-specific, practical advice on day-to-day care management are seldom systematic or sufficiently described to enable replication...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671540/health-system-innovation-lessons-from-tobacco-control
#20
John Garcia
Comprehensive tobacco control is considered by many to be a model for effective population health promotion and chronic disease prevention. Its history holds lessons for the "scalable, actionable, innovation agenda" called for by Anne Snowdon (2017). This commentary discusses lessons from tobacco control related to: changing practices in response to evolving paradigms and scientific evidence; international best practices; the importance of a broadly-accepted, shared vision about elements of an effective strategy; scientific and public service leadership; social actors leading change through advocacy, policy and the media; organizational learning mechanisms and capacity building systems; and, the importance of a continuously renewing, forward-looking agenda...
2017: HealthcarePapers
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