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journal of trauma and acute care surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816219/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-the-management-of-hemorrhagic-shock
#1
REVIEW
Jonathan J Morrison, Jonathan James Morrison, Richard E Galgon, Jan O Jansen, Jan Olaf Jansen, Jeremy W Cannon, Todd E Rasmussen, Todd Erik Rasmussen, Jonathan L Eliason
BACKGROUND: Torso hemorrhage remains a leading cause of potentially preventable death within trauma, acute care, vascular, and obstetric practice. A proportion of patients exsanguinate before hemorrhage control. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an adjunct designed to sustain the circulation until definitive hemostasis. A systematic review was conducted to characterize the current clinical use of REBOA and its effect on hemodynamic profile and mortality...
February 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25539212/the-modern-acute-care-surgeon-characterization-of-an-evolving-surgical-niche
#2
Brent C Pottenger, Joseph M Galante, David H Wisner
BACKGROUND: Trauma and emergency surgery continues to evolve as a surgical niche. The simple fact that The Journal of Trauma is now entitled The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery captures this reality. We sought to characterize the niche that trauma and emergency surgeons have occupied during the maturation of the acute care surgery model. METHODS: We analyzed the University Health System Consortium-Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Practice Solutions Center database for the years 2007 to 2012 for specific current procedural terminology (CPT) codes...
January 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334292/from-clean-to-toxic-an-unusual-case-of-ards
#3
Jennifer Osborne
Critical Care Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the onset of lung injury within 7 days of some defined event (trauma, infection, surgery, or reaction) with bilateral opacities that cannot be fully explained by cardiac failure or fluid overload. By defining the cause of ARDS, one can potentially lessen the effects and time course of the disease with treatment of the underlying cause...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25140657/is-there-a-role-for-pyloric-exclusion-after-severe-duodenal-trauma
#4
José Cruvinel Neto, Bruno Monteiro Tavares Pereira, Marcelo Augusto Fontenelle Ribeiro, Sandro Rizoli, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, João Baptista Rezende-Neto
Duodenal trauma is an infrequent injury, but linked to high morbidity and mortality. Surgical management of duodenal injuries is dictated by: patient's hemodynamic status, injury severity, time of diagnosis, and presence of concomitant injuries. Even though most cases can be treated with primary repair, some experts advocate adjuvant procedures. Pyloric exclusion (PE) has emerged as an ancillary method to protect suture repair in more complex injuries. However, the effectiveness of this procedure is debatable...
May 2014: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24868520/pneumomediastinum-after-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-chemotherapy
#5
Alain Cruz-Portelles
Pneumomediastinum, pneumorachis and subcutaneous emphysema are frequently benign and most commonly result from air escaping from the upper respiratory tract, intrathoracic airways, or gastrointestinal tract. Gas can also be generated by certain infections or reach the mediastinal space from outside air after trauma or surgery. In the article presented by Showkat et al a 14-year-old male patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) under chemotherapy developed pneumomediastinum, pneumorachis and subcutaneous emphysema...
May 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24573593/the-use-of-corticosteroid-for-the-prophylaxis-of-fat-embolism-syndrome-in-patients-with-long-bone-fracture
#6
REVIEW
Douglas Fini Silva, César Vanderlei Carmona, Thiago Rodrigues Araújo Calderan, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli
The "Evidence-based Telemedicine - Trauma & Acute Care Surgery" (EBT-TACS) Journal Club conducted a critical review of the literature and selected three recent studies on the use of corticosteroids for the prophylaxis of fat embolism syndrome. The review focused on the potential role of corticosteroids administration to patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at risk of developing post-traumatic fat embolism. The first study was prospective and aimed at identifying reliable predictors, which occurred early and were associated with the onset of fat embolism syndrome in trauma patients...
September 2013: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24173488/update-in-the-classification-and-treatment-of-complex-renal-injuries
#7
REVIEW
Leonardo Oliveira Reis, Fernando J Kim, Ernest E Moore, Elcio Shiyoiti Hirano, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli
The "Evidence-Based Telemedicine - Trauma and Acute Care Surgery" (EBT-TACS) Journal Club performed a critical review of the literature and selected three up-to-date articles on the management of renal trauma defined as American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) injury grade III-V. The first paper was the proposal for the AAST grade 4renal injury substratification into grades 4a (Low Risk) and 4b (High Risk). The second paper was a revision of the current AAST renal injury grading system, expanding to include segmental vascular injuries and to establish a more rigorous definition of severe grade IV and V renal injuries...
July 2013: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23912375/selective-nonoperative-management-of-high-grade-splenic-trauma
#8
REVIEW
Bernardino C Branco, Andrew L Tang, Peter Rhee, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Terence O'Keeffe
The "Evidence-based Telemedicine - Trauma & Acute Care Surgery" (EBT-TACS) Journal Club performed a critical review of the literature and selected three up-to-date articles on the management of splenic trauma. Our focus was on high-grade splenic injuries, defined as AAST injury grade III-V. The first paper was an update of the 2003 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) practice management guidelines for nonoperative management of injury to the spleen. The second paper was an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) 2012 plenary paper evaluating the predictive role of contrast blush on CT scan in AAST grade IV and V splenic injuries...
May 2013: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23592359/role-of-dexmedetomidine-in-adults-in-the-intensive-care-unit-an-update
#9
REVIEW
David P Reardon, Kevin E Anger, Christopher D Adams, Paul M Szumita
PURPOSE: The role of dexmedetomidine for the management of pain, agitation, and delirium in adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is reviewed and updated. SUMMARY: Searches of MEDLINE (July 2006-March 2012) and an extensive manual review of journals were performed. Relevant literature with a focus on data published since our last review in 2007 was evaluated for topic relevance and clinical applicability. Optimal management of pain, agitation, and delirium in ICUs requires a systematic and multimodal approach aimed at providing comfort while maximizing outcomes...
May 1, 2013: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23348655/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Tanya L Zakrison, Bruno Monteiro Pereira, Antônio C Marttos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) with associated intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) occurs frequently in trauma. Trauma patients are also at high risk of developing venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications. Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) is used in trauma patients as prophylaxis to reduce the risk of VTE events. It remains unclear, however, if LMWH is safe to use in trauma patients with ICH for fear of hematoma progression. The "Evidence-based telemedicine: trauma & acute care surgery (EBT-TACS)" Journal Club performed a critical appraisal of 3 recent and most relevant studies on timing to initiate, safety and use of LMWH in trauma patients with ICH...
December 2012: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074481/portable-bladder-ultrasound-an-evidence-based-analysis
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to assess the clinical utility of portable bladder ultrasound. CLINICAL NEED: TARGET POPULATION AND CONDITION Data from the National Population Health Survey indicate prevalence rates of urinary incontinence are 2.5% in women and 1.4 % in men in the general population. Prevalence of urinary incontinence is higher in women than men and prevalence increases with age. Identified risk factors for urinary incontinence include female gender, increasing age, urinary tract infections (UTI), poor mobility, dementia, smoking, obesity, consuming alcohol and caffeine beverages, physical activity, pregnancy, childbirth, forceps and vacuum-assisted births, episiotomy, abdominal resection for colorectal cancer, and hormone replacement therapy...
2006: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22964670/a-critical-review-of-the-literature-and-an-evidence-based-approach-for-life-threatening-hemorrhage-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Shachika Khanna, Alexander B Dagum
BACKGROUND: Life-threatening facial hemorrhage in Maxillofacial Surgery (MFS) has an approximate incidence of 1% in the trauma patient and in elective surgery. The treatment of acute life-threatening hemorrhage in MFS to prevent hypovolemic shock or airway obstruction forms the basis of emergency care and necessitates the need for further analysis given the multitude of options proposed for treatment. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to formulate an evidence-based approach to the treatment of life-threatening hemorrhage in MFS...
October 2012: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22743365/continuing-medical-education-and-maintenance-of-certification-the-role-of-the-journal-of-trauma-and-acute-care-surgery-and-the-aast
#13
EDITORIAL
David B Hoyt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2012: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20047547/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-hip-fractures-in-older-persons-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Jenson C S Mak, Ian D Cameron, Lyn M March
OBJECTIVE: To update evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of proximal femoral fractures published in the Journal in 2003. DATA SOURCES: Systematic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE for articles published from October 2001 to June 2008, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (most recent issue searched - Issue 2, 2008). STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials and meta-analyses of all aspects of acute-care hospital treatment and rehabilitation for proximal femoral fractures among participants aged 50 years or older with proximal femoral fractures not associated with metastatic disease or multiple trauma...
January 4, 2010: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18294589/perspective-on-pain-management-in-the-21st-century
#15
Rosemary C Polomano, Colleen J Dunwoody, Dina A Krenzischek, James P Rathmell
Pain is a predictable consequence of surgery or trauma. Untreated, it is associated with significant physiologic, emotional, mental, and economic consequences. Despite the vast amount of current knowledge, uncontrolled postoperative pain is reported by approximately 50% of patients. Thus, techniques for effective acute pain management (APM) represent unmet educational needs. The significance of this unmet need is reflected in the number of journal and textbook publications dedicated to disseminating research, evidence-based guidelines, and clinical information...
March 2008: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18226792/perspective-on-pain-management-in-the-21st-century
#16
REVIEW
Rosemary C Polomano, Colleen J Dunwoody, Dina A Krenzischek, James P Rathmell
Pain is a predictable consequence of surgery or trauma. Untreated, it is associated with significant physiological, emotional, mental, and economic consequences. Despite the vast amount of current knowledge, uncontrolled postoperative pain is reported by approximately 50% of patients. Thus, techniques for effective acute pain management (APM) represent unmet educational needs. The significance of these unmet needs is reflected in the number of journal and textbook publications dedicated to disseminating research, evidence-based guidelines, and clinical information...
February 2008: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
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