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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857699/fast-and-accurate-analytical-modeling-of-broadband-noise-for-a-low-speed-fan
#1
Marlène Sanjosé, Stéphane Moreau
The broadband noise sources are investigated on an isolated low-speed fan typical of engine cooling systems. Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations have been performed on a single blade passage for several flow rates at the same rotational speed. The flow structures responsible for the different noise contributions are identified by a systematic analysis of the simulation results. The aeroacoustic noise predictions are based on Amiet's model for rotating sources in free-field. The contribution of the turbulence-interaction noise and the trailing-edge noise are considered by the appropriate isolated blade response and statistical model of the turbulent sources...
May 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735552/hla-class-i-and-ii-diversity-contributes-to-the-etiologic-heterogeneity-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-subtypes
#2
Sophia S Wang, Mary Carrington, Sonja I Berndt, Susan L Slager, Paige M Bracci, Jenna Voutsinas, James R Cerhan, Karin Ekström Smedby, Henrik Hjalgrim, Joseph Vijai, Lindsay M Morton, Roel Vermeulen, Ora Paltiel, Claire M Vajdic, Martha S Linet, Alexandra Nieters, Silvia de Sanjosé, Wendy Cozen, Elizabeth E Brown, Jennifer Turner, John J Spinelli, Tongzhang Zheng, Brenda M Birmann, Christopher R Flowers, Nikolaus Becker, Elizabeth A Holly, Eleanor Kane, Dennis Weisenburger, Marc Maynadie, Pierluigi Cocco, Demetrius Albanes, Stephanie J Weinstein, Lauren R Teras, W Ryan Diver, Stephanie J Lax, Ruth C Travis, Rudolf Kaaks, Elio Riboli, Yolanda Benavente, Paul Brennan, James D McKay, Marie Helene Delfau-Larue, Brian K Link, Corrado Magnani, Maria G Ennas, Giancarlo Latte, Andrew L Feldman, Nicole Wong Doo, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey, Roger L Milne, Kenneth Offit, Jacob Muskinsky, Alan A Arslan, Mark P Purdue, Hans-Olov Adami, Mads Melbye, Bengt Glimelius, Lucia Conde, Nicola J Camp, Martha Glenn, Karen Curtin, Jacqueline Clavel, Alain Monnereau, David G Cox, Hervé Ghesquières, Gilles Salles, Paolo Boffetta, Lenka Foretova, Anthony Staines, Scott Davis, Richard K Severson, Qing Lan, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Martyn T Smith, Eve Roman, Anne Kricker, Yawei Zhang, Peter Kraft, Stephen J Chanock, Nathaniel Rothman, Patricia Hartge, Christine F Skibola
A growing number of loci within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region have been implicated in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) etiology. Here, we test a complementary hypothesis of "heterozygote advantage" regarding the role of HLA and NHL, whereby HLA diversity is beneficial and homozygous HLA loci are associated with increased disease risk. HLA alleles at class I and II loci were imputed from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using SNP2HLA for: 3,617 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL), 2,686 follicular lymphomas (FL), 2,878 chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphomas (CLL/SLL), 741 marginal zone lymphomas (MZL), and 8,753 controls of European descent...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684144/moving-towards-an-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-costs-and-impact
#3
Mireia Diaz, David Moriña, Vanesa Rodríguez-Salés, Raquel Ibáñez, Josep Alfons Espinás, Silvia de Sanjosé
Background: HPV screening has been shown to be more cost-effective than cytology screening under most scenarios. Furthermore, it should be offered only in organized programmes with good quality assurance mechanisms. This study analyses the comparative cost of the current policy of opportunistic cytology screening vs. a hypothetical organized programme based on primary HPV screening. Methods: Total cervical cancer expenditure was defined as the sum of three cost elements: (i) direct (medical and non-medical) costs, obtained from a calibrated Markov model of the natural history of HPV and cervical cancer; (ii) programmatic costs, estimated based on other organized screening programmes; and (iii) indirect costs, extrapolated from previously published data...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674426/association-of-polygenic-risk-score-with-the-risk-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-monoclonal-b-cell-lymphocytosis
#4
Geffen Kleinstern, Nicola J Camp, Lynn R Goldin, Celine M Vachon, Claire M Vajdic, Silvia de Sanjose, J Brice Weinberg, Yolanda Benavente, Delphine Casabonne, Mark Liebow, Alexandra Nieters, Henrik Hjalgrim, Mads Melbye, Bengt Glimelius, Hans-Olov Adami, Paolo Boffetta, Paul Brennan, Marc Maynadie, James McKay, Pier Luigi Cocco, Tait D Shanafelt, Timothy G Call, Aaron D Norman, Curtis Hanson, Dennis Robinson, Kari G Chaffee, Angela R Brooks-Wilson, Alain Monnereau, Jacqueline Clavel, Martha Glenn, Karen Curtin, Lucia Conde, Paige M Bracci, Lindsay M Morton, Wendy Cozen, Richard K Severson, Stephen J Chanock, John J Spinelli, James B Johnston, Nathaniel Rothman, Christine F Skibola, Jose F Leis, Neil E Kay, Karin E Smedby, Sonja I Berndt, James R Cerhan, Neil Caporaso, Susan L Slager
Inherited loci have been found to be associated with risk of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). A combined polygenic risk score (PRS) of representative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from these loci may improve risk prediction over individual SNPs. Herein, we evaluated the association of a PRS with CLL risk and its precursor, monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL). We assessed its validity and discriminative ability in an independent sample and evaluated effect modification and confounding by family history (FH) of hematological cancers...
June 7, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563964/comparative-assessment-of-hpv-alcohol-and-tobacco-etiological-fractions-in-algerian-patients-with-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Nora Kariche, Montserrat Torres Hortal, Samir Benyahia, Laia Alemany, Nabila Moulaï, Omar Clavero, Marleny Muñoz, Wahiba Ouahioune, Djamel Djennaoui, Chafia Touil-Boukoffa, Silvia de Sanjosé, Mehdi Bourouba
Background: Despite the increasing incidence of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in Algeria, scarce information is available on the importance of the preventable etiological factors which may drive the disease. Remarkably, a significant number of cases occur in nonsmoker and nondrinker patients; hence, suggesting that alternative risk factors, like Human papillomavirus (HPV), might be etiologically involved. To gain more insight on the risk factors associated with the disease in the country, we evaluated the etiological fraction of HPV in comparison to tobacco and alcohol intake in LSCC patients...
2018: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555602/contribution-of-human-papillomavirus-in-neuroendocrine-tumors-from-a-series-of-10-575-invasive-cervical-cancer-cases
#6
Maria Alejo, Laia Alemany, Omar Clavero, Beatriz Quiros, Susana Vighi, Muhieddine Seoud, Chou Cheng-Yang, Suzanne M Garland, Nuria Juanpere, Josep Lloreta, Sara Tous, Jo Ellen Klaustermeier, Wim Quint, F Xavier Bosch, Silvia de Sanjosé, Belen Lloveras
AIMS: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the cervix are rare tumors with a very aggressive course. The human papillomavirus (HPV) has been linked to its etiology. The objective of this study is to describe HPV prevalence and genotype distribution of NET. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-nine tumors with histological neuroendocrine features were identified among 10,575 invasive cervical cancer (ICC) cases from an international study. HPV DNA detection was done using SPF10/DEIA /LiPA25 system...
March 17, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505429/differentiated-vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia-like-and-lichen-sclerosus-like-lesions-in-hpv-associated-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-vulva
#7
Natalia Rakislova, Laia Alemany, Omar Clavero, Marta Del Pino, Adela Saco, Beatriz Quirós, Belen Lloveras, Maria Alejo, Gordana Halec, Wim Quint, Silvia de Sanjosé, Jaume Ordi
Most human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated vulvar squamous cell carcinomas (VSCCs) originate from high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, also named usual type vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. However, growing evidence suggests that morphologic studies have limitations in predicting HPV status in vulvar lesions. We aimed to evaluate adjacent intraepithelial lesions in a series of DNA HPV-positive VSCCs, focusing on unusual histologic patterns mimicking differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN) or lichen sclerosus (LS)...
June 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499389/ipvs-statement-moving-towards-elimination-of-cervical-cancer-as-a-public-health-problem
#8
EDITORIAL
S M Garland, A Giuliano, Jml Brotherton, A B Moscicki, M Stanley, A M Kaufmann, N Bhatla, R Sankaranarayanan, J M Palefsky, S de Sanjose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496041/double-positivity-for-hpv-dna-p16-ink4a-is-the-biomarker-with-strongest-diagnostic-accuracy-and-prognostic-value-for-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients
#9
Marisa Mena, Miren Taberna, Sara Tous, Sandra Marquez, Omar Clavero, Beatriz Quiros, Belen Lloveras, Maria Alejo, Xavier Leon, Miquel Quer, Silvia Bagué, Ricard Mesia, Julio Nogués, Montserrat Gomà, Anton Aguila, Teresa Bonfill, Carmen Blazquez, Marta Guix, Rafael Hijano, Montserrat Torres, Dana Holzinger, Michael Pawlita, Miguel Angel Pavon, Ignacio G Bravo, Silvia de Sanjosé, Francesc Xavier Bosch, Laia Alemany
BACKGROUND: The etiologic role of human papillomaviruses (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is well established. Nevertheless, information on survival differences by anatomic sub-site or treatment remains scarce, and it is still unclear the HPV-relatedness definition with best diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients diagnosed with a primary OPC in four Catalonian hospitals from 1990 to 2013. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cancer tissues were subjected to histopathological evaluation, DNA quality control, HPV-DNA detection, and p16INK4a /pRb/p53/Cyclin-D1 immunohistochemistry...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445241/is-early-life-exposure-to-polyomaviruses-and-herpesviruses-associated-with-obesity-indices-and-metabolic-traits-in-childhood
#10
Marianna Karachaliou, Silvia de Sanjose, Tim Waterboer, Theano Roumeliotaki, Maria Vassilaki, Katerina Sarri, Vasiliki Leventakou, Marina Vafeiadi, Georgia Chalkiadaki, Eftichia Stiakaki, Angelika Michel, Michael Pawlita, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND: Evidence for an infectious origin of obesity is emerging. We explored whether common viruses were associated with obesity and metabolic traits. METHODS: We used cross-sectional (n = 674) and prospective (n = 440) data from children participating at the 4 and 6 years of age follow-up in the Rhea birth cohort. Presence of IgG antibodies to ten polyomaviruses (BKPyV, JCPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV, HPyV6, HPyV7, TSPyV, MCPyV, HPyV9, and HPyV10) and four herpesviruses (EBV, CMV, HSV-1, and HSV-2) were measured at age 4...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289901/established-and-suggested-exposures-on-cll-sll-etiology-results-from-the-cll-mcc-spain-study
#11
Yolanda Benavente, Delphine Casabonne, Laura Costas, Claudia Robles, Esther Alonso, Esmeralda de la Banda, Eva Gonzalez-Barca, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Javier Llorca, Adonina Tardón, José J Monleon, Marta Aymerich, Elías Campo, Eva Gimeno-Vázquez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Nuria Aragonés, Marina Pollán, Manolis Kogevinas, Sílvia de Sanjosé
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL/SLL) is the most common adult leukemia in Western countries. Although it is mostly an indolent disease it is still incurable and with limited knowledge in relation to its etiology. We aim to confirm and quantify established risk factors for CLL/SLL using a multi-center epidemiological population-based case-control study on CLL/SLL as well as to explore new exposures inconclusively associated with CLL/SLL METHODS: Using the framework provided by the large MCC-Spain case-control study, we explored established and suggested risk factors associated with CLL/SLL using data collected through a face-to-face interview...
February 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222509/impact-of-model-calibration-on-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-cervical-cancer-prevention
#12
David Moriña, Silvia de Sanjosé, Mireia Diaz
Markov chain models are commonly used to simulate the natural history of human papillomavirus infection and subsequent cervical lesions with the aim of predicting future benefits of health interventions. Developing and calibrating these models entails making a number of critical decisions that will influence the ability of the model to reflect real conditions and predict future situations. Accuracy of selected inputs and calibration procedures are two of the crucial aspects for model performance and understanding their influence is essential, especially when involves policy decisions...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214033/lupus-related-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#13
Sasha Bernatsky, Héctor A Velásquez García, John J Spinelli, Patrick Gaffney, Karin E Smedby, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Sophia S Wang, Hans-Olov Adami, Demetrius Albanes, Emanuele Angelucci, Stephen M Ansell, Yan W Asmann, Nikolaus Becker, Yolanda Benavente, Sonja I Berndt, Kimberly A Bertrand, Brenda M Birmann, Heiner Boeing, Paolo Boffetta, Paige M Bracci, Paul Brennan, Angela R Brooks-Wilson, James R Cerhan, Stephen J Chanock, Jacqueline Clavel, Lucia Conde, Karen H Cotenbader, David G Cox, Wendy Cozen, Simon Crouch, Anneclaire J De Roos, Silvia de Sanjose, Simonetta Di Lollo, W Ryan Diver, Ahmet Dogan, Lenka Foretova, Hervé Ghesquières, Graham G Giles, Bengt Glimelius, Thomas M Habermann, Corinne Haioun, Patricia Hartge, Henrik Hjalgrim, Theodore R Holford, Elizabeth A Holly, Rebecca D Jackson, Rudolph Kaaks, Eleanor Kane, Rachel S Kelly, Robert J Klein, Peter Kraft, Anne Kricker, Qing Lan, Charles Lawrence, Mark Liebow, Tracy Lightfoot, Brian K Link, Marc Maynadie, James McKay, Mads Melbye, Thierry J Molina, Alain Monnereau, Lindsay M Morton, Alexandra Nieters, Kari E North, Anne J Novak, Kenneth Offit, Mark P Purdue, Marco Rais, Jacques Riby, Eve Roman, Nathaniel Rothman, Gilles Salles, Gianluca Severi, Richard K Severson, Christine F Skibola, Susan L Slager, Alex Smith, Martyn T Smith, Melissa C Southey, Anthony Staines, Lauren R Teras, Carrie A Thompson, Hervé Tilly, Lesley F Tinker, Anne Tjonneland, Jenny Turner, Claire M Vajdic, Roel C H Vermeulen, Joseph Vijai, Paolo Vineis, Jarmo Virtamo, Zhaoming Wang, Stephanie Weinstein, Thomas E Witzig, Andrew Zelenetz, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Yawei Zhang, Tongzhang Zheng, Mariagrazia Zucca, Ann E Clarke
Objective: Determinants of the increased risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in SLE are unclear. Using data from a recent lymphoma genome-wide association study (GWAS), we assessed whether certain lupus-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were also associated with DLBCL. Methods: GWAS data on European Caucasians from the International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium (InterLymph) provided a total of 3857 DLBCL cases and 7666 general-population controls...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179869/overcoming-barriers-in-hpv-vaccination-and-screening-programs
#14
Alex Vorsters, Marc Arbyn, Marc Baay, Xavier Bosch, Silvia de Sanjosé, Sharon Hanley, Emilie Karafillakis, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Kevin G Pollock, Joanne Yarwood, Pierre Van Damme
The Human Papillomavirus Prevention and Control Board brought together experts to discuss optimizing HPV vaccination and screening programs. Board members reviewed the safety profile of licensed HPV vaccines based on clinical and post-marketing data, reaching a consensus that current safety data is reassuring. Successful vaccination programs used well-coordinated communication campaigns, integrating (social) media to spread awareness. Communication of evidence supporting vaccine effectiveness had beneficial effects on the perception of the vaccine...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179867/hpv-vaccination-of-immunocompromised-hosts
#15
S M Garland, J M L Brotherton, A B Moscicki, A M Kaufmann, M Stanley, N Bhatla, R Sankaranarayanan, S de Sanjosé, J M Palefsky
It is well-established that immunocompromised people are at increased risk of HPV-related disease compared with those who are immunocompetent. Prophylactic HPV sub-unit vaccines are safe and immunogenic in immunocompromised people and it is strongly recommended that vaccination occur according to national guidelines. When delivered to immunocompromised populations, HPV vaccines should be given as a 3-dose regimen.
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123514/assessment-of-the-combined-effect-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infections-on-endemic-burkitt-lymphoma-using-a-multiplex-serological-approach
#16
Ruth Aguilar, Delphine Casabonne, Cristina O'Callaghan-Gordo, Marta Vidal, Joseph J Campo, Nora Mutalima, Evelina Angov, Sheetij Dutta, Deepak Gaur, Chetan E Chitnis, Virander Chauhan, Angelika Michel, Silvia de Sanjosé, Tim Waterboer, Manolis Kogevinas, Rob Newton, Carlota Dobaño
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a necessary cause of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL), while the role of Plasmodium falciparum in eBL remains uncertain. This study aimed to generate new hypotheses on the interplay between both infections in the development of eBL by investigating the IgG and IgM profiles against several EBV and P. falciparum antigens. Serum samples collected in a childhood study in Malawi (2005-2006) from 442 HIV-seronegative children (271 eBL cases and 171 controls) between 1.4 and 15 years old were tested by quantitative suspension array technology against a newly developed multiplex panel combining 4 EBV antigens [Z Epstein-Barr replication activator protein (ZEBRA), early antigen-diffuse component (EA-D), EBV nuclear antigen 1, and viral capsid antigen p18 subunit (VCA-p18)] and 15 P...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107561/association-of-antiretroviral-therapy-with-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Helen Kelly, Helen A Weiss, Yolanda Benavente, Silvia de Sanjose, Philippe Mayaud
BACKGROUND: The interactions between antiretroviral therapy (ART) and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical lesions in women living with HIV are poorly understood. We reviewed the association of ART with these outcomes. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching MEDLINE and Embase databases for cross-sectional or cohort studies published in English between Jan 1, 1996, and May 6, 2017, which reported the association of ART with prevalence of high-risk HPV or prevalence, incidence, progression, or regression of histological or cytological cervical abnormalities, or incidence of invasive cervcal cancer...
January 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094100/primary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-resource-stratified-guideline
#18
Silvina Arrossi, Sarah Temin, Suzanne Garland, Linda O'Neal Eckert, Neerja Bhatla, Xavier Castellsagué, Sharifa Ezat Alkaff, Tamika Felder, Doudja Hammouda, Ryo Konno, Gilberto Lopes, Emmanuel Mugisha, Rául Murillo, Isabel C Scarinci, Margaret Stanley, Vivien Tsu, Cosette M Wheeler, Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Silvia de Sanjosé
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified (four tiers), evidence-based recommendations on the primary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, obstetrics/gynecology, public health, cancer control, epidemiology/biostatistics, health economics, behavioral/implementation science, and patient advocacy experts. The Expert Panel reviewed existing guidelines and conducted a modified ADAPTE process and a formal consensus-based process with additional experts (consensus ratings group) for one round of formal ratings...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074184/hpv-distribution-in-cervical-cancer-in-portugal-a-retrospective-study-from-1928-to-2005
#19
Ana Félix, Laia Alemany, Sara Tous, Silvia de Sanjosé, F Xavier Bosch
OBJECTIVES: To determine human papillomavirus (HPV) types in invasive cervical cancer in Portugal. METHODS: Cases diagnosed at the Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa de Francisco Gentil from the year 1928 to 2005 were selected for HPV DNA detection and genotyping using SPF10/DEIA/LiPA25 system. RESULTS: Of the 1214 samples that were considered appropriate for HPV detection, 714 (58.8%; 95% CI: 56.0-61.6%) were positive for HPV DNA...
December 2016: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036167/development-and-validation-of-a-protocol-for-optimizing-the-use-of-paraffin-blocks-in-molecular-epidemiological-studies-the-example-from-the-hpv-ahead-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marisa Mena, Belen Lloveras, Sara Tous, Johannes Bogers, Fausto Maffini, Nitin Gangane, Rekha Vijay Kumar, Thara Somanathan, Eric Lucas, Devasena Anantharaman, Tarik Gheit, Xavier Castellsagué, Michael Pawlita, Silvia de Sanjosé, Laia Alemany, Massimo Tommasino
Worldwide use of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks (FFPE) is extensive in diagnosis and research. Yet, there is a lack of optimized/standardized protocols to process the blocks and verify the quality and presence of the targeted tissue. In the context of an international study on head and neck cancer (HNC)-HPV-AHEAD, a standardized protocol for optimizing the use of FFPEs in molecular epidemiology was developed and validated. First, a protocol for sectioning the FFPE was developed to prevent cross-contamination and distributed between participating centers...
2017: PloS One
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