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Mannitol dog head trauma

Diya Sharma, Marie K Holowaychuk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of clinical and laboratory variables and scoring systems in dogs with head trauma. DESIGN: Retrospective study (January-March, 2011). SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Seventy-two client-owned dogs with a history of head trauma occurring ≤5 days prior to hospital admission. Dogs were excluded if they had an unconfirmed history of trauma, preexisting neurologic disease, or insufficient data available in the medical record...
September 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
D C Mandell
Ocular emergencies can be very intimidating for veterinarians. Most ocular emergencies can be stabilized by the veterinarian until an ophthalmologist can be consulted if necessary. Proptosis, or forward displacement of the globe, can occur secondary to any blunt trauma to the head. The two options for a proptosed eye are enucleation or replacement with tarsorrhaphy depending on the viability of the extraocular tissues and eye. Glaucoma, or increased intraocular pressure (above 35 mm Hg), is diagnosed by measuring the intraocular pressure using a Shiotz or electronic tonometer...
May 2000: Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice
C W Dewey
Management of the severely brain-injured dog or cat can be frustrating, especially considering the lack of proven effective therapies for head trauma patients. A working knowledge of the basic pathophysiology of head trauma and intracranial pressure (ICP) dynamics is essential to the logical treatment of head traumatized patients. Prevention and correction of hypotension and hypoxemia are necessary for preventing progressive increases in ICP. Mannitol is recommended in most cases of severe head trauma, but there is little evidence to support the use of glucocorticoids in acutely brain-injured dogs and cats...
January 2000: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
(no author information available yet)
Mannitol is effective in reducing ICP, and we recommend its use in the management of traumatic intracranial hypertension. Serum osmolalities greater than 320 mOSsm/L and hypovolemia should be avoided. Some data suggest that bolus administration is preferable to continuous infusion.
November 1996: Journal of Neurotrauma
R S Israel, J A Marx, E E Moore, S R Lowenstein
The use of mannitol in the management of head injury has been considered a threat to hemodynamic stability in hypotensive multiply injured patients. To evaluate this contention, we compared mannitol with normal saline administration in a canine model combining elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and hemorrhagic shock. Mongrel dogs were bled to and maintained at a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 60 mm Hg for 30 minutes. Following this, ICP was elevated to and sustained at 25 mm Hg for 45 minutes by inflating an epidural balloon...
June 1988: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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