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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135646/foot-structure-and-function-in-habitually-barefoot-and-shod-adolescents-in-kenya
#1
Herje Aibast, Paul Okutoyi, Timothy Sigei, Walter Adero, Danny Chemjor, Neford Ongaro, Noriyuki Fuku, Kenn Konstabel, Carol Clark, Daniel E Lieberman, Yannis Pitsiladis
Habitually barefoot (HB) children from the Kalenjin tribe of Kenya are known for their high physical activity levels. To date, there has been no comprehensive assessment of foot structure and function in these highly active and HB children/adolescents and link with overuse injuries. PURPOSE: The aim of this research is to assess foot structure, foot function, injury and physical activity levels in Kenyan children and adolescents who are HB compared with those who were habitually shod (HS)...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132482/effectiveness-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-fes-versus-conventional-electrical-stimulation-in-gait-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-stroke
#2
Freeha Sharif, Samina Ghulam, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Quratulain Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) versus conventional electrical stimulation in gait rehabilitation of patients with stroke for finding the most appropriate problem-oriented treatment for foot drop patients in a shorter time period. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, from July to December 2016...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120005/peripheral-neuropathy-due-to-recreational-use-of-nitrous-oxide-presenting-after-an-ankle-sprain-with-foot-drop
#3
Jackson A Middleton, John A Roffers
A 22-year-old man was referred for orthopedic follow-up after an ankle injury. Initial evaluation in urgent care included radiographs with negative findings. After a delayed presentation, a course of functional treatment was recommended. Subsequently, he developed a deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary emboli. He was found to be factor V Leiden deficient and was fully anticoagulated on warfarin. Later reevaluation revealed a steppage gait and foot drop. Electrodiagnostic studies (ie, electromyography and nerve conduction studies) revealed a severe peripheral polyneuropathy...
November 8, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112513/endoscopic-sciatic-nerve-decompression-after-fracture-or-reconstructive-surgery-of-the-acetabulum-in-comparison-with-endoscopic-treatments-in-idiopathic-deep-gluteal-syndrome
#4
Myung-Sik Park, Seong-Yep Jeong, Sun-Jung Yoon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the endoscopic findings of the sciatic nerve and clinical outcomes of major traumatic sciatic nerve neuropathies after fracture or reconstructive surgery of the acetabulum with idiopathic deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) groups. DESIGN: Retrospective review of patient reports. SETTING: Level I trauma center of a tertiary university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 70 patients who consecutively underwent endoscopic sciatic nerve decompression...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108487/a-clinically-meaningful-training-effect-in-walking-speed-using-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Tamsyn Street, Christine Singleton
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the presence of a training effect for rehabilitation of walking function in motor-incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) through daily use of functional electrical stimulation (FES). SETTING: A specialist FES outpatient centre Participants: Thirty-five participants (mean age 53, SD 15, range 18-80; mean years since diagnosis 9, range 5 months - 39 years) with drop foot and motor-incomplete SCI (T12 or higher, ASIA Impairment Scale C and D) able to ambulate 10 metres with the use of a walking stick or frame...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091512/knee-frontal-plane-projection-angle-a-comparison-study-between-drop-vertical-jump-and-step-down-tests-with-young-volleyball-athletes
#6
Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Haroldo Gualter Santana, Humberto Miranda, Vicente Lima, John D Willson
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. CONTEXT: Altered frontal plane knee mechanics during dynamic tasks have been often associated with lower extremity injuries. Strategies to decrease these risk factors and improve knee joint stability are often applied in rehabilitation and training environments. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare knee joint frontal plane projection angles (FPPA) via two dimensional (2D) video analysis during drop vertical jump (DVJ) and step-down test (SDT) tasks in the preferred and non-preferred limbs of young male and female volleyball players...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065774/state-of-the-art-robotic-devices-for-ankle-rehabilitation-mechanism-and-control-review
#7
Shahid Hussain, Prashant K Jamwal, Mergen H Ghayesh
There is an increasing research interest in exploring use of robotic devices for the physical therapy of patients suffering from stroke and spinal cord injuries. Rehabilitation of patients suffering from ankle joint dysfunctions such as drop foot is vital and therefore has called for the development of newer robotic devices. Several robotic orthoses and parallel ankle robots have been developed during the last two decades to augment the conventional ankle physical therapy of patients. A comprehensive review of these robotic ankle rehabilitation devices is presented in this article...
October 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060397/stimulation-time-determination-for-lower-limb-fes-by-using-gait-event-and-a-delay
#8
Xueliang Bao, Zhengyang Bi, Xiaoying Lu, Zhigong Wang
Lower limb neuroprostheses for motor function rehabilitation, especially the drop foot stimulator, uses sensors to turn on or off stimulus pulse sequence during hemiplegic patient's locomotion. This triggering method with fixed stimulus pulse output control may result in uncoordinated limb movement in the lower limb rehabilitation training. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the reliability of stimulus onset determination using inertial measurement units (IMUs), and a dynamic control algorithm based on gait event detection and walking speed was proposed...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034799/measurement-properties-of-a-test-battery-to-assess-postural-orientation-during-functional-tasks-in-patients-undergoing-acl-injury-rehabilitation
#9
Jenny Nae, Mark W Creaby, Gustav Nilsson, Kay M Crossley, Eva Ageberg
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Visual rating of postural orientation (PO) during functional tasks may be a valuable tool to track rehabilitation progress following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. A valid test battery assessing PO as a separate construct is lacking. Objectives To evaluate measurement properties of a test battery to assess PO in patients with ACL injury. Methods Content validity of functional tasks was assessed by expert focus group discussions. 51 patients (45% women) with ACL injury performed nine functional tasks of varying difficulty...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028738/multiple-systemic-embolic-events-in-a-patient-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-drop-foot-and-syncope-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-subacute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#10
Martin Geyer, Ingo Sagoschen, Thomas Münzel, Philip Wenzel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026813/immediate-nerve-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-peroneal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-an-intraneural-ganglion-case-report-and-review
#11
I Ratanshi, T A Clark, Jennifer L Giuffre
Intraneural ganglion cysts that occur within the common peroneal nerve are a rare cause of foot drop. The current standard of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve involves (1) cyst decompression and (2) ligation of the articular nerve branch to prevent recurrence. Nerve transfers are a time-dependent strategy for recovering ankle dorsiflexion in cases of high peroneal nerve palsy; however, this modality has not been performed for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023846/locomotor-and-skeletal-muscle-abnormalities-in-trembler-j-neuropathic-mice
#12
Darin J Falk, Tori Galatas, Adrian G Todd, Elliott P Soto, Andrew B Harris, Lucia Notterpek
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hereditary peripheral neuropathies exhibit characteristic deformities of the hands and feet and have difficulty ambulating. To examine to what extent neuropathic animals recapitulate these deficits, we studied Trembler J mice, which model early-onset demyelinating neuropathy. METHODS: A cohort of 4-month old female wild type and neuropathic mice were evaluated for locomotor measurements, neuromuscular function and skeletal muscle proteolysis and morphometry...
October 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021478/rhabdomyolysis-in-a-patient-with-polyarteritis-nodosa
#13
Harunobu Iida, Hironari Hanaoka, Yusa Asari, Kana Ishimori, Tomofumi Kiyokawa, Yukiko Takakuwa, Yoshioki Yamasaki, Hidehiro Yamada, Takahiro Okazaki, Masatomo Doi, Shoichi Ozaki
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a medium vessel vasculitis affecting systemic organs. Muscle involvement of PAN usually lacks elevation of creatinine kinase (CK). We herein report a case of PAN with rhabdomyolysis. A 71-year-old man was hospitalized because of muscle weakness of the lower limbs that persisted for 1 month. On a physical examination, rapidly progressive lower proximal muscle weakness and bilateral drop foot were observed. His blood test showed an elevation in the C-reactive protein (CRP) (19.5 mg/dL) and CK (13,435 IU/L) levels and negativity for anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018508/gait-improvements-after-peroneal-or-tibial-nerve-transfer-in-patients-with-foot-drop-a-retrospective-study
#14
Rahul K Nath, Chandra Somasundaram
Background: Injury to the common peroneal nerve disrupts the motor control pathway to ankle dorsiflexors and evertors, as well as toe extensors, resulting in pathological gait and foot drop. Direct external compression on the fibular head is the most frequent cause of peroneal nerve impairment and has poor prognosis. Methods and Patients: Here, we report the surgical outcome of 21 patients with foot drop (9 males and 12 females) who underwent nerve transfer procedure of either the superficial peroneal nerve or the tibial nerve fascicles to the motor branch of the tibialis anterior and to the deep peroneal nerve...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979219/affordance-boundaries-are-defined-by-dynamic-capabilities-of-parkour-athletes-in-dropping-from-various-heights
#15
James L Croft, John E A Bertram
Available behaviors are determined by the fit between features of the individual and reciprocal features of the environment. Beyond some critical boundary certain behaviors become impossible causing sudden transitions from one movement pattern to another. Parkour athletes have developed multiple movement patterns to deal with their momentum during landing. We were interested in whether drop distance would cause a sudden transition between a two-footed (precision) landing and a load-distributing roll and whether the transition height could be predicted by dynamic and geometric characteristics of individual subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978243/the-application-of-inertial-measurements-unit-for-the-clinical-evaluation-and-assessment-of-gait-events
#16
Shiva Sharif Bidabadi, Iain Murray, Gabriel Yin Foo Lee
Foot drop is one of the common gait abnormalities which are difficult to detect, diagnose and evaluate. While various gait monitoring systems are available, many are computationally expensive and difficult to implement outside laboratory environments. This study introduces an in-house designed system based on inertial measurement units to capture the gait symptoms, specifically in the case of foot drop symptoms. The system specification and communication results, as well as filtering methods are discussed. Also, the pitch angle of thigh, shank and foot from a subject with no reported foot problem have been compared (gathered from identical equipment under similar conditions) to the same angle from a foot drop subject...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971059/common-peroneal-neuropathy-with-anterior-tibial-artery-occlusion-a-case-report
#17
Sungsoo Jeon, Da-Ye Kim, Dong Jae Shim, Min-Wook Kim
Peroneal neuropathy is a common mononeuropathy of the lower limb. Some studies have reported cases of peroneal neuropathy after vascular surgery or intervention. However, no cases of peroneal neuropathy with occlusion of a single peripheral artery have been previously reported. A 73-year-old man was referred with a 3-week history of left-sided foot drop. He had a history of valvular heart disease and arrhythmia, and had previously been treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Computed tomography angiogram of the lower extremity showed proximal occlusion of the left anterior tibial artery...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951268/acute-bilateral-foot-drop-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hemorrhagic-synovial-cyst-of-the-lumbar-spine
#18
Ali Börekci, Pınar Kuru Bektaşoğlu, Bora Gürer, Erhan Çelikoğlu
Acute bilateral foot drop is a rare clinical presentation. A 77-year-old male presented with acute bilateral weakness of the foot and ankle dorsiflexion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed ligamentum flavum hypertrophy as well as a mass lesion that appeared hyperintense on T1-weighted images and hypointense on T2-weighted images. Emergent decompressive laminectomy and hemorrhagic synovial cyst excision were performed. Histopathological examination of the tissue revealed a synovial cyst with hemorrhage...
September 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947218/late-peroneal-neuropathy-after-open-surgical-treatment-of-popliteal-artery-aneurysm
#19
Anne Lejay, Salomé Kuntz, Anne-Florence Rouby, Yannick Georg, Fabien Thaveau, Bernard Geny, Nabil Chakfé
We report the case of a 71-year-old man complaining of swollen left limb and progressively worsening pain. He underwent surgery 12 years ago for popliteal artery aneurysm with proximal and distal ligation and venous bypass grafting. The patient was diagnosed as having left peroneal neuropathy caused by a 10.5 cm expanded aneurysmal sac compressing the peroneal nerve in the popliteal fossa. The patient underwent open repair with opening of the aneurysmal sac, removal of the thrombus, and sewing of the left genicular artery responsible for back-bleeding...
September 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946545/impact-of-foot-pronation-on-postural-stability-an-observational-study
#20
Ghada Mohamed Koura, Doaa Ayoub Elimy, Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Hossam Eddien Fawaz, Mohamed Hussein Elgendy, Ibtissam M Saab
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of foot pronation on the dynamic balance including overall stability index (OAI), anteroposterior stability index (APSI) and mediolateral stability index (MLSI). METHODS: Forty participants from both sexes were selected from the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, with a mean age of 23.55 ± 1.74 years. Subjects were divided into two groups: group A (8 males and 12 females) with foot pronation, and group B (9 males and 11 females) with normal feet...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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