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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304511/walking-measures-to-evaluate-assistive-technology-for-foot-drop-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#1
REVIEW
Georgia Andreopoulou, Thomas H Mercer, Marietta L van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often managed with assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses. No evidence synthesis exists for the psychometric properties of outcomes used to evaluate the efficacy of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the outcome measures reported to assess the benefits of assistive technology for pwMS and then synthesize the psychometric evidence in pwMS for a subset of these measures...
December 25, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291292/peroneal-nerve-decompression
#2
Mark Corriveau, Jacob D Lescher, Amgad S Hanna
Peroneal neuropathy is a common pathology encountered by neurosurgeons. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and foot drop. When secondary to compression of the nerve at the fibular head, peroneal (fibular) nerve release is a low-risk procedure that can provide excellent results with pain relief and return of function. In this video, the authors highlight key operative techniques to ensure adequate decompression of the nerve while protecting the 3 major branches, including the superficial peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, and recurrent genicular (articular) branches...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287823/posterior-only-vertebral-column-resection-for-fused-spondyloptosis
#3
Jeffrey L Gum, Lawrence G Lenke, Anand Mohapatra, Sam Q Sun, Michael P Kelly
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: To describe 3 cases of a posterior-only vertebral column resection (pVCR) for the treatment of spondyloptosis in the setting of prior spinal fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbosacral spondyloptosis is a rare spinal deformity with a number of surgical options, none of which demonstrate clear superiority. The use of an L5 vertebral column resection, via combined anterior and posterior approaches, to restore lumbosacral alignment has been described though is accompanied by high rates of neurological deficit...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282812/frequency-and-circumstances-of-falls-for-people-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Gita M Ramdharry, Louise Reilly-O'Donnell, Robert Grant, Mary M Reilly
OBJECTIVE: People with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease may be at risk of falls due to distal muscle weakness and sensory impairment. We aimed to understand the frequency of falls in a cohort, where they occurred, injury and to what people attributed the possible cause. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. It was sent by post to ascertain the frequency of falls and near falls, plus the circumstances of the last three falls events they could recall...
December 28, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227525/functional-electrical-stimulation-and-ankle-foot-orthoses-provide-equivalent-therapeutic-effects-on-foot-drop-a-meta-analysis-providing-direction-for-future-research
#5
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L Hollands, Laurence P J Kenney, Pornsuree Onmanee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and clinicaltrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: One reviewer screened titles/abstracts...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223521/risk-factors-analysis-for-foot-drop-associated-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-an-analysis-of-236-patients
#6
Jun Ma, Yunfei He, An Wang, Weiheng Wang, Yanhai Xi, Jiangming Yu, Xiaojian Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223409/obtaining-adequate-tension-for-extensor-hallucis-longus-tendon-rupture-repair-using-wide-awake-surgery-a-case-report
#7
Takenori Matsuda, Akira Taniguchi, Koji Hayashi, Yasuaki Nakanishi, Yasuhito Tanaka
Wide-awake surgery has potential advantages for treating extensor or flexor tendon injury. We present a case of chronic extensor hallucis longus injury treated with turn-down reconstruction using wide-awake surgery with a selective nerve block. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case reported. The patient had dropped a knife proximal to the right hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. Because direct suturing was thought to be difficult, turn-down reconstruction was performed under a selective nerve block...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218742/prevalence-of-foot-disorders-in-captive-sardinian-partridges-alectoris-barbara-barbara-bonnaterre-1790-as-useful-indicators-of-fitness-to-natural-environment
#8
M G Cappai, A Abd El-Wahab, G Arru, M Muzzeddu, W Pinna
Foot health represents an issue in wild avifauna breeding practices. In particular, prevalence of digital ulceration (DU) and foot pad dermatitis (FPD) are valid indicators of welfare in wildlife conservation centres and may be interpreted as to fitness for bird's reintroduction into the wild. This study meant to test the effects of raising practices on foot pad health in captive Sardinian partridges (Alectoris barbara barbara Bonnaterre, 1790) reared for biodiversity conservation, to assess welfare and fitness to reintroduction into nature...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215571/application-of-the-superelastic-niti-spring-in-ankle-foot-orthosis-afo-to-create-normal-ankle-joint-behavior
#9
Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, Hashem Zamanian, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Mohammad Elahinia
Hinge-based Ankle Foot Orthosis (HAFO) is one of the most common non-surgical solutions for the foot drop. In conventional HAFOs, the ankle joint is almost locked, and plantar flexion is restricted due to the high stiffness of the hinge mechanism. This often leads to a rigid walking gate cycle, poor muscle activity, and muscle atrophy. Since the ankle torque-angle loop has a non-linear profile, the use of a superelastic NiTi spring within the hinge, due to its nonlinear behavior, could recreate a close-to-normal stiffness of the normal ankle joint, which, in turn, could create a more natural walk...
December 7, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212869/nerve-abscess-in-pure-neural-leprosy-mistaken-for-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumour-with-disastrous-consequence-what-can-we-learn
#10
Vishal Gupta, Tanvi Dev, Chandan J Das, Neena Khanna
A 34-year-old Indian man presented to an orthopaedician with gradually progressive hypoesthesia affecting his right lower limb and an ipsilateral common peroneal nerve swelling around the knee. The nerve swelling was diagnosed as a peripheral nerve sheath tumour based on MRI findings and was excised, only to be revealed as leprous nerve abscess on histopathology later. The patient developed right foot drop as a result of common peroneal nerve biopsy. This case presents several learning points in the diagnosis of pure neural leprosy...
December 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200619/the-effect-of-newly-designed-multi-joint-ankle-foot-orthosis-on-the-gait-and-dynamic-balance-of-stroke-patients-with-foot-drop
#11
Young Jun Shin, Dae Hwan Lee, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the newly designed multi joint ankle-foot orthosis on the gait and dynamic balance of stroke patients having foot drop. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 15 subjects who were diagnosed with stroke. 10-meter walk test, functional reaching test and timed up and go test were measured after each subjects wore a plastic ankle-foot orthosis and a multi joint ankle-foot orthosis that consists of orthosis joints (having free joint, anterior-stop joint, poster-stop joint, and Klenzak joint functions)...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191530/acute-bilateral-isolated-foot-drop-changing-the-paradigm-in-management-of-degenerative-spine-surgery-with-percutaneous-endoscopy
#12
Nitin Adsul, Hyeun Sung Kim, Sung Ho Choi, Jee-Soo Jang, Il-Tae Jang, Seong-Hoon Oh
BACKGROUND: Acute bilateral isolated foot drop due to Lumbar disc prolapse with canal stenosis is very rare with only three cases reported in literature. Our patient was managed using the percutaneous full endoscopic technique. This is mainly to highlight the ease of access and patient outcome with pre and postoperative images to support our minimally invasive treatment for this rare condition. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 46-year-old male presented with sudden onset severe back pain with bilateral foot drop...
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184704/surgical-nuances-of-circumferential-lumbar-spondylectomy-a-case-report-and-short-literature-review
#13
Daniel Diaz-Aguilar, Sergei Terterov, Rudi Scharnweber, Harsimran Brara, Alex Tucker, Catherine Merna, Stephanie Wang, Shayan Rahman
Background: Chordomas are uncommon malignant bone tumors that are often minimally symptomatic for several years. By the time they are diagnosed, these lesions are typically large, involve major neural, bony, and vascular structures, and are no longer readily resectable. This leads to a high recurrence rate. Case Description: In this case report, we present a 67-year-old male with nonmechanical axial back pain, neurogenic claudication, and a large mass centered at the L3 level on magnetic resonance imaging consistent with a locally invasive chordoma...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172388/does-combination-therapy-of-popliteal-sciatic-nerve-block-and-adductor-canal-block-effectively-control-early-postoperative-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Jin-Hyeok Seo, Seung-Suk Seo, Do-Hun Kim, Byung-Yoon Park, Chan-Ho Park, Ok-Gul Kim
Purpose: We compared adductor canal block (ACB) alone and a combination of ACB and sciatic nerve block (SNB) to control early postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients received continuous ACB alone (group A), and another 100 patients received continuous ACB and single popliteal SNB (group B). Pain was evaluated at rest and 45° knee flexion using the numeric rating scale (NRS). The number of times the patient pressed the intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) button, total PCA volume infused, and the total dosage of additional analgesics were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171432/locomotor-analysis-identifies-early-compensatory-changes-during-disease-progression-and-subgroup-classification-in-a-mouse-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
Melissa M Haulcomb, Rena M Meadows, Whitney M Miller, Kathryn P McMillan, MeKenzie J Hilsmeyer, Xuefu Wang, Wesley T Beaulieu, Stephanie L Dickinson, Todd J Brown, Virginia M Sanders, Kathryn J Jones
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a motoneuron degenerative disease that is challenging to diagnose and presents with considerable variability in survival. Early identification and enhanced understanding of symptomatic patterns could aid in diagnosis and provide an avenue for monitoring disease progression. Use of the mSOD1G93A mouse model provides control of the confounding environmental factors and genetic heterogeneity seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients, while investigating underlying disease-induced changes...
October 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170849/myh7-mutation-associated-with-two-phenotypes-of-myopathy
#16
Nan Li, Zhe Zhao, Hongrui Shen, Qi Bing, Xuan Guo, Jing Hu
The mutations of MYH7 (slow skeletal/β-cardiac myosin heavy chain) are commonly found in familial hypertrophic/dilated cardiomyopathy, and also can cause Laing early-onset distal myopathy (LDM), myosin storage myopathy (MSM), and congenital myopathy with fiber-type disproportion (CFTD). Here we report two cases whose diagnosis was hereditary myopathy according to clinical feature and muscle pathology analysis. High-throughput genomic sequencing (next generation sequencing) was performed to validate the diagnosis...
November 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156096/males-that-drop-a-sexually-selected-weapon-grow-larger-testes
#17
Paul N Joseph, Zachary Emberts, Daniel A Sasson, Christine W Miller
Costly sexually selected weapons are predicted to trade off with postcopulatory traits, such as testes. Although weapons can be important for achieving access to females, individuals of some species can permanently drop (i.e. autotomize) their weapons, without regeneration, to escape danger. We capitalized on this natural behavior to experimentally address whether the loss of a sexually selected weapon leads to increased testes investment in the leaf-footed cactus bug, Narnia femorata Stål (Hemiptera: Coreidae)...
November 20, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148532/the-royal-college-of-ophthalmologists-guidelines-on-serum-eye-drops-for-the-treatment-of-severe-ocular-surface-disease-full-report
#18
S Rauz, S-Y Koay, B Foot, S B Kaye, F Figueiredo, M A Burdon, E Dancey, A Chandrasekar, R Lomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148531/the-royal-college-of-ophthalmologists-guidelines-on-serum-eye-drops-for-the-treatment-of-severe-ocular-surface-disease-executive-summary
#19
S Rauz, S-Y Koay, B Foot, S B Kaye, F Figueiredo, M A Burdon, E Dancey, A Chandrasekar, R Lomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142581/an-unexpected-reason-for-isolated-foot-drop-acute-stroke
#20
Eylem Kuday Kaykisiz, Erden Erol Unluer
The differential diagnosis of acute weakness (AW) in emergency departments (ED) is broad and includes both neurological and medical reasons. We describe an 81-year-old female patient with cortical infarct presenting with sudden onset isolated foot drop, which to the best of our knowledge, was the third case in English literature. An 81-year-old female was admitted to our ED with a 12-hour history of left-sided foot drop. Her motor strength was normal throughout the upper and lower extremities, except for weakness in the left ankle and toe dorsiflexors...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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