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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724375/bilateral-idiopathic-retinal-vasculitis-following-coxsackievirus-a4-infection-a-case-report
#1
Izumi Mine, Manzo Taguchi, Yutaka Sakurai, Masaru Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Coxsackieviruses are members of a group of viruses called the enteroviruses, which may cause respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, erythema, meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and myositis. Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy caused by coxsackievirus A16 has been associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease, but only a few reports describe retinitis associated with coxsackievirus serotype B3 or B4. We report a case of bilateral multifocal obstructive retinal vasculitis that developed after coxsackievirus A4 infection...
July 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710243/external-revascularisation-for-pseudochronic-total-occlusion-of-the-dorsal-pedis-artery-due-to-foot-drop-with-severe-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Nakabayashi Keisuke, Matsui Akihiro, Hiroshi Ando, Minoru Shimizu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704524/prevalence-of-enteroviruses-in-healthy-populations-and-excretion-of-pathogens-in-patients-with-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-a-highly-endemic-area-of-southwest-china
#3
Qiang Wu, Xiaoqing Fu, Lili Jiang, Rusong Yang, Jianping Cun, Xiaofang Zhou, Yongming Zhou, Yibing Xiang, Wenpeng Gu, Jianhua Fan, Hong Li, Wen Xu
Etiological carriers and the excretion of the pathogens causing hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in healthy persons, patients, and asymptomatic persons infected with HFMD as ongoing infection sources may play an important role in perpetuating and spreading epidemics of HFMD. The aims of this study were to determine the carrier status of EV-A71 and CV-A16 in healthy populations, as well as the duration of EV-A71 and CV-A16 shedding in the stools of HFMD patients in an epidemic area of southwest China. A cross-sectional study and a follow-up study were conducted in three HFMD endemic counties of Yunnan Province...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698802/gait-analysis-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Stéphane Armand, Geraldo Decoulon, Alice Bonnefoy-Mazure
Cerebral palsy (CP) children present complex and heterogeneous motor disorders that cause gait deviations.Clinical gait analysis (CGA) is needed to identify, understand and support the management of gait deviations in CP. CGA assesses a large amount of quantitative data concerning patients' gait characteristics, such as video, kinematics, kinetics, electromyography and plantar pressure data.Common gait deviations in CP can be grouped into the gait patterns of spastic hemiplegia (drop foot, equinus with different knee positions) and spastic diplegia (true equinus, jump, apparent equinus and crouch) to facilitate communication...
December 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693584/-long-term-stability-of-stimulating-spiral-nerve-cuff-electrodes-on-human-peripheral-nerves
#5
Breanne P Christie, Max Freeberg, William D Memberg, Gilles J C Pinault, Harry A Hoyen, Dustin J Tyler, Ronald J Triolo
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the peripheral nerves has been shown to be effective in restoring sensory and motor functions in the lower and upper extremities. This neural stimulation can be applied via non-penetrating spiral nerve cuff electrodes, though minimal information has been published regarding their long-term performance for multiple years after implantation. METHODS: Since 2005, 14 human volunteers with cervical or thoracic spinal cord injuries, or upper limb amputation, were chronically implanted with a total of 50 spiral nerve cuff electrodes on 10 different nerves (mean time post-implant 6...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682726/the-effectiveness-of-calf-muscle-electrostimulation-on-vascular-perfusion-and-walking-capacity-in-patients-living-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-peripheral-artery-disease
#6
Christian Ellul, Cynthia Formosa, Alfred Gatt, Auon Abbas Hamadani, David G Armstrong
The aim of the study was to explore calf muscle electrostimulation on arterial inflow and walking capacity in claudicants with peripheral artery disease and diabetes mellitus. A prospective, 1-group, pretest-posttest study design was used on 40 high-risk participants (n = 40) who exhibited bilateral limb ischemia (ankle brachial pressure index [ABPI] <0.90), diabetes mellitus, and calf muscle claudication. A program of calf muscle electrical stimulation with varying frequency (1-250 Hz) was prescribed for 1 hour per day for 12 weeks...
June 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676376/cutaneous-inflammation-regulates-thik1-expression-in-small-c-like-nociceptor-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#7
William Haskins, Sergio Benitez, Juan M Mercado, Cristian G Acosta
Tandem pore-domain Halothane Inhibited K(+) channel (THIK1) is a two-pore-domain potassium channel (K2P) present in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). We previously demonstrated that THIK1 mRNA levels in the DRG dropped ipsilaterally 1day after CFA-induced cutaneous inflammation (CFA1). In this study we aimed to identify the currently unknown DRG subpopulations expressing THIK1, and to investigate the relationship between the channel and both inflammatory and spontaneous pain in normal rats. Using a combination of immunohistochemistry, western blotting and behavioural tests, we found that all small neurons and large groups of medium and large DRG neurons express THIK1...
July 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673311/a-decision-support-system-for-electrode-shaping-in-multi-pad-fes-foot-drop-correction
#8
Jovana Malešević, Suzana Dedijer Dujović, Andrej M Savić, Ljubica Konstantinović, Aleksandra Vidaković, Goran Bijelić, Nebojša Malešević, Thierry Keller
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can be applied as an assistive and therapeutic aid in the rehabilitation of foot drop. Transcutaneous multi-pad electrodes can increase the selectivity of stimulation; however, shaping the stimulation electrode becomes increasingly complex with an increasing number of possible stimulation sites. We described and tested a novel decision support system (DSS) to facilitate the process of multi-pad stimulation electrode shaping. The DSS is part of a system for drop foot treatment that comprises a custom-designed multi-pad electrode, an electrical stimulator, and an inertial measurement unit...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658859/is-the-cage-an-additional-hardware-in-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-a-prospective-study
#9
Ramachandran Govindasamy, Prince Solomon, Deepak Sugumar, James J Gnanadoss, Yuvaraja Murugan, Syed Najimudeen
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar interbody fusion has become the standard of care for the management of lumbar instability, where fusion is achieved using bone grafts, cages, etc. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of the interbody fusion using interbody cage technique and stand alone local bone graft technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients, operated for single level instability with low grade lytic and degenerative spondylolisthesis of L4-5/L5-S1, were selected and grouped into two groups: Group I (stand alone grafts) and Group II (interbody cage and graft) based on computer generated random numbers...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648855/decreasing-incidence-of-foot-ulcer-among-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-the-period-2001-2014
#10
A Rasmussen, T Almdal, A Anker Nielsen, K E Nielsen, M E Jørgensen, S Hangaard, V Siersma, P E Holstein
AIM: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a serious complication to diabetes. The aim was to study the incidence of first DFU among patients with type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), stratified according to etiology: neuropathic, neuro-ischemic or ischemic, over a period of 14years (2001-2014). METHODS: DFU incidence rates were calculated from electronic patient record data from patients with T1DM and complicated T2DM from a large specialized diabetes hospital with a multidisciplinary foot clinic in Denmark...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626316/immediate-effects-of-ankle-eversion-taping-on-dynamic-and-static-balance-of-chronic-stroke-patients-with-foot-drop
#11
Young Jun Shin, So Min Kim, Hyun Sung Kim
[Purpose] This study evaluates the immediate effect of ankle eversion taping on dynamic and static balance of chronic stroke patients with foot drop. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with nine subjects who were diagnosed with stroke. A cross-over randomized design was used. Each subject performed three interventions in a random order. Subjects were randomly assigned to an ankle everion taping, placebo taping, and no taping. For dynamic and static balance, ability was measured using BIO Rescue...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620827/asthma-foot-drop-and-palpable-purpura-in-a-young-woman
#12
Gabriela Kuftinec, Maha Sami, Paul Aronowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616842/characterization-of-magneto-endosymbionts-as-mri-cell-labeling-and-tracking-agents
#13
Kimberly D Brewer, Ryan Spitler, Kayla R Lee, Andrea C Chan, Joyce C Barrozo, Abdul Wakeel, Chandler S Foote, Steven Machtaler, James Rioux, Juergen K Willmann, Papia Chakraborty, Bradley W Rice, Christopher H Contag, Caleb B Bell, Brian K Rutt
PURPOSE: Magneto-endosymbionts (MEs) show promise as living magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents for in vivo cell tracking. Here we characterize the biomedical imaging properties of ME contrast agents, in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURES: By adapting and engineering magnetotactic bacteria to the intracellular niche, we are creating magneto-endosymbionts (MEs) that offer advantages relative to passive iron-based contrast agents (superparamagnetic iron oxides, SPIOs) for cell tracking...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614281/transcranial-motor-evoked-potential-alarm-criteria-to-predict-foot-drop-injury-during-lumbosacral-surgery
#14
Arvydas Tamkus, Kent S Rice, Gregory Hoffman
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether waveform alterations in transcranial motor evoked potentials (TCMEP) can reliably predict postoperative foot drop. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nerve injury leading to foot drop is a potential complication of lumbosacral surgery. Very limited data exist on the use of intraoperative TcMEPs to identify iatrogenic foot drop. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed neuromonitoring data from 130 consecutive spine surgeries with instrumentation involving L4-S1...
June 13, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584377/neurolymphomatosis-in-primary-cutaneous-cd4-pleomorphic-small-medium-sized-t-cell-lymphoma-mimicking-hansen-s-disease
#15
Anza Khader, Mary Vineetha, Mamatha George, Shiny Padinjarayil Manakkad, Sunitha Balakrishnan, Uma Rajan
Neurolymphomatosis (NL) refers to nerve infiltration by neurotropic neoplastic cells in the setting of a known or an unknown hematological malignancy. It typically presents as painful or painless peripheral mononeuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex, polyneuropathy, polyradiculopathy, or cranial neuropathy. A 32-year-old male presented with a hyperpigmented hypoesthetic plaque over the anterolateral aspect of the right leg with thickening of the right common peroneal nerve and foot drop clinically diagnosed as Hansen's disease...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552444/lawsuits-after-primary-and-revision-total-hip-arthroplasties-a-malpractice-claims-analysis
#16
Diana C Patterson, Ronald P Grelsamer, Michael J Bronson, Calin S Moucha
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of total hip arthroplasty (THA) expands, so too will complications and patient dissatisfaction. The goal of this study was to identify the common etiologies of malpractice suits and costs of claims after primary and revision THAs. METHODS: Analysis of 115 malpractice claims filed for alleged neglectful primary and revision THA surgeries by orthopedic surgeons insured by a large New York state malpractice carrier between 1983 and 2011...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552040/functional-outcomes-following-anterior-transfer-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-for-foot-drop-secondary-to-peroneal-nerve-palsy
#17
Byung-Ki Cho, Kyoung-Jin Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Se-Hyuk Im, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: This retrospective comparative study reports the practical function in daily and sports activities after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. METHODS: Seventeen patients were followed for a minimum of 3 years after tibialis posterior tendon transfer for foot drop secondary to peroneal nerve palsy. Matched controls were used to evaluate the level of functional restoration. Functional evaluations included American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) scores, and isokinetic muscle strength test...
June 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527386/gait-patterns-of-children-and-adolescents-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#18
Elizabeth Wojciechowski, Amy Sman, Kayla Cornett, Jacqueline Raymond, Kathryn Refshauge, Manoj P Menezes, Joshua Burns
Gait abnormalities reported in childhood Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) include foot-drop, reduced ankle power at push-off and increased knee and hip flexion for swing clearance ('steppage-gait'). The purpose of this study was to describe the gait patterns of 60 children aged 6-17 years with CMT (CMTall) and distinguish differences based on functional weakness using the CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS). Data were captured using Vicon Nexus system and compared to 50 healthy norms. Data were subdivided into three groups denoting increasing severity of dorsiflexion and plantarflexion weakness from the CMTPedS: no difficulty heel or toe walking (CMTND), difficulty heel walking (CMTDH), difficulty toe and heel walking (CMTDTH)...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511464/a-study-to-assess-the-functional-outcome-of-decompression-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-of-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-of-lumbar-vertebra
#19
Deepak Hegde, Sameer Mehra, Santhosh Babu, Arjun Ballal
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolisthesis is defined as the forward displacement of one vertebra over the vertebra below. It is often accompanied by spinal canal stenosis and compression, which is the cause of all the symptoms. AIM: To assess and study the functional outcome after decompression and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) of isthmic spondylolisthesis of lower lumbar vertebra and to study the complications occurring with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics in Justice KS Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India from March 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509608/differential-diagnosis-and-recovery-of-acute-bilateral-foot-drop-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#20
Melanie Lomaglio, Bob Canale
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute bilateral foot drop is rare and may be due to peripheral or central lesions. The purpose of this case report was to describe the differential diagnosis and recovery of a patient with low back pain (LBP) that awoke with bilateral foot drop. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old man with a history of LBP awoke with a steppage gait pattern. Spinal imaging and tapping were negative for sinister pathologies. A subsequent history taken by the physical therapist uncovered that the patient had previously taken a narcotic and slept in a kneeling position to relieve his LBP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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