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Athlete screening

Dorien Borms, Ann Cools
This study aimed to provide an age, gender and sport-based normative database for three functional shoulder tests: Y Balance Test - Upper Quarter (YBT-UQ), Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability Test (CKCUEST), and Seated Medicine Ball Throw (SMBT). A second aim was to discuss gender, age and sports differences. Finally, correlation between tests was evaluated. Overhead athletes (106 male, 100 female) between 18 and 50 years old and from three different sports (volleyball, tennis, handball) performed all functional tests...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Audrey R C Elias, Kari J Harris, Paul C LaStayo, Ryan L Mizner
BACKGROUND: Limited knee flexion and increased muscle co-contraction during jump landing are believed to diminish outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The efficacy of jump training to improve patients' mechanical and neuromuscular deficits is understudied. HYPOTHESIS: Jump training will improve functional, mechanical, and neuromuscular outcomes and higher repetition training augmented by body weight support will result in better retention of gains...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
David Oxborough, Daniel Augustine, Sabiha Gati, Keith George, Allan Harkness, Thomas Mathew, Michael Papadakis, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Rizwan Sarwar, Sanjay Sharma, Vishal Sharma, Nabeel Sheikh, John Somauroo, Martin Stout, James Willis, Abbas Zaidi
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an athlete is a rare but tragic event. In view of this, pre-participation cardiac screening is mandatory across many sporting disciplines to identify those athletes at risk. Echocardiography is a primary investigation utilized in the pre-participation setting and in 2013 the British Society of Echocardiography and Cardiac Risk in the Young produced a joint policy document providing guidance on the role of echocardiography in this setting. Recent developments in our understanding of the athlete's heart and the application of echocardiography have prompted this 2018 update...
March 2018: Echo Research and Practice
Andrea B Mosler, Rintje Agricola, Kristian Thorborg, Adam Weir, Rod J Whiteley, Kay M Crossley, Per Hӧlmich
Study Design Cross-sectional cohort study. Background Athletes with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have cam and/or pincer morphology, pain on orthopaedic testing, and often have reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and strength. However, cam and pincer morphology are also common in asymptomatic hips. Therefore, it is currently unknown whether the ROM and strength deficits observed in athletes with FAI syndrome result from the variance in their bony hip morphology or hip condition. Objectives To investigate the relationship between musculoskeletal screening findings and bony hip morphology in asymptomatic male soccer players...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Valentina Camomilla, Elena Bergamini, Silvia Fantozzi, Giuseppe Vannozzi
Recent technological developments have led to the production of inexpensive, non-invasive, miniature magneto-inertial sensors, ideal for obtaining sport performance measures during training or competition. This systematic review evaluates current evidence and the future potential of their use in sport performance evaluation. Articles published in English (April 2017) were searched in Web-of-Science, Scopus, Pubmed, and Sport-Discus databases. A keyword search of titles, abstracts and keywords which included studies using accelerometers, gyroscopes and/or magnetometers to analyse sport motor-tasks performed by athletes (excluding risk of injury, physical activity, and energy expenditure) resulted in 2040 papers...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Chris Brogden, Kelly Marrin, Richard Page, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Clinical and functional assessments are performed regularly in sporting environments to screen for performance deficits and injury risk. Circadian rhythms have been demonstrated to affect human performance, however the influence of time of day on a battery of multiple ankle injury risk factors has yet to be established within athletic populations. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of circadian variation on a battery of tests, used to screen for ankle aetiological risk factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alireza Esmaeili, Andrew M Stewart, William G Hopkins, George P Elias, Brendan H Lazarus, Amber E Rowell, Robert J Aughey
Aim: The sit and reach test (S&R), dorsiflexion lunge test (DLT), and adductor squeeze test (AST) are commonly used in weekly musculoskeletal screening for athlete monitoring and injury prevention purposes. The aim of this study was to determine the normal week to week variability of the test scores, individual differences in variability, and the effects of training load on the scores. Methods: Forty-four elite Australian rules footballers from one club completed the weekly screening tests on day 2 or 3 post-main training (pre-season) or post-match (in-season) over a 10 month season...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Stuart K Kim, John P A Ioannidis, Marwa A Ahmed, Andrew L Avins, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo
Plantar fascial disorder is comprised of plantar fasciitis and plantar fibromatosis. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, especially for athletes involved in running and jumping sports. Plantar fibromatosis is a rare fibrous hyperproliferation of the deep connective tissue of the foot. To identify genetic loci associated with plantar fascial disorders, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 21,624 cases of plantar fascial disorders and 80,879 controls...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Cesare de Gregorio, Dalia Di Nunzio, Gianluca Di Bella
Physical activity comprises all muscular activities that require energy expenditure. Regular sequence of structured and organized exercise with the specific purpose of improving wellness and athletic performance is defined as a sports activity.Exercise can be performed at various levels of intensity and duration. According to the social context and pathways, it can be recreational, occupational, and competitive. Therefore, the training burden varies inherently and the heart adaptation is challenging.Although a general agreement on the fact that sports practice leads to metabolic, functional and physical benefits, there is evidence that some athletes may be subjected to adverse outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Bram Bessem, Matthijs C de Bruijn, Wybe Nieuwland, Johannes Zwerver, Maarten van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define the minimum amount of exercise per week ('current exposure') and the total amount of exercise ('lifetime exposure') needed to lead to the electrocardiographic changes fitting athlete's heart. METHODS: All the pre-participation screenings (including electrocardiograms (ECGs)) from collegiate athletes performed at University Sports Medical Center in 2013 and 2014 were collected. Data on height, weight, sex, age, current sport(s) participation and lifetime sport(s) participation were collected...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Zaira S Chaudhry, Steven M Raikin, Marc I Harwood, Meghan E Bishop, Michael G Ciccotti, Sommer Hammoud
BACKGROUND: Although most anterior tibial stress fractures heal with nonoperative treatment, some may require surgical management. To our knowledge, no systematic review has been conducted regarding surgical treatment strategies for the management of chronic anterior tibial stress fractures from which general conclusions can be drawn regarding optimal treatment in high-performance athletes. PURPOSE: This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the surgical outcomes of anterior tibial stress fractures in high-performance athletes...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Susanne Regus, Veronika Almási-Sperling, Rolf Janka, Ulrich Rother, Michael Lell, Alexander Meyer, Werner Lang
OBJECTIVES: Endofibrosis was first described in endurance athletes. This rare disease is characterized by intimal hyperplasia of iliac arteries. Due to non-specific symptoms diagnosing could be very challenging and delayed. This represents a serious problem not only for affected athletes but also for consulting physicians. The aim of this study was to analyze intimal thickness of iliac arteries using non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in competitive triathletes suffering from exercise induced leg pain consistent with symptoms caused by endofibrosis...
March 9, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Ryan N Moran, Tracey Covassin, R J Elbin, Dan Gould, Sally Nogle
BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) measure is a newly developed vestibular and ocular motor symptom provocation screening tool for sport-related concussions. Baseline data, psychometric properties, and reliability of the VOMS are needed to further understand the applications of this tool, especially in the youth population, where research is scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish normative data and document the internal consistency and false-positive rate of the VOMS in a sample of nonconcussed youth athletes...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Critical appraisal of research investigating risk factors for musculoskeletal injury in dancers suggests high quality reliability studies are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine between-day reliability of pre-participation screening (PPS) components in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Thirty-eight dancers (35 female, 3 male; median age; 18 years; range: 11 to 30 years) participated. Screening components (Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28, body mass index, percent total body fat, total bone mineral density, Foot Posture Index-6, hip and ankle range of motion, three lumbopelvic control tasks, unipedal dynamic balance, and the Y-Balance Test) were conducted one week apart...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Kristian Thorborg, Michael P Reiman, Adam Weir, Joanne L Kemp, Andreas Serner, Andrea Mosler, Per Hölmich
Study Design Groin pain is common in athletes participating in multidirectional sports and has traditionally been considered a difficult problem to understand, diagnose, and manage. This may be due to sparse historical focus on this complex region in sports medicine. Until recently, there was no agreement regarding terminology, definitions, and classification of groin pain in athletes. This has made clear communication between clinicians difficult, and the results of research difficult to interpret and implement into practice...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Masako Hoshikawa, Sunao Uchida, Yuichi Hirano
BACKGROUND: The amount, quality, and timing of sleep are considered important for athletes' ability to train, maximize training responses, and recover. However, some research has shown that elite athletes do not obtain sufficient sleep. Based on this background, researchers recently started to assess and manage sleep in elite athletes. The purpose of this study was to clarify the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its associated factors amongst elite Japanese athletes. METHODS: Eight hundred and ninety-one candidates for the 17th Asian Games Incheon 2014, who were over 20 years old, participated in this study...
February 26, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Joanna S Zeiger, Robert S Zeiger
Mental toughness in endurance athletes, while an important factor for success, has been scarcely studied. An online survey was used to examine eight mental toughness factors in endurance athletes. The study aim was to determine mental toughness profiles via latent profile analysis in endurance athletes and whether associations exist between the latent profiles and demographics and sports characteristics. Endurance athletes >18 years of age were recruited via social media outlets (n = 1245, 53% female). Mental toughness was measured using the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Psychological Performance Inventory-Alternative (PPI-A), and self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE)...
2018: PloS One
Barry J Maron, N A Mark Estes, Martin S Maron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Lisa M Koehl, Brittany D Walls, Stacey L Brothers, Sarah N Morris, Amanda C Glueck, Frederick A Schmitt, David T R Berry, Dong Y Han
Sports concussions are recognized as significant injuries among young athletes. Research demonstrates that return-to-play prior to becoming asymptomatic has significant repercussions including sustained cognitive deficits. Many programs have begun to use computerized testing rather than traditional neuropsychological tests to (a) determine baseline performance, (b) track symptoms, and (c) measure symptoms following concussion. Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is one such tool...
February 21, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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