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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775081/reference-values-of-left-heart-echocardiographic-dimensions-and-mass-in-male-peri-pubertal-athletes
#1
Elena Cavarretta, Francesco Maffessanti, Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Federico Quaranta, Antonia Nigro, Monia Minati, Marco Rebecchi, Chiara Fossati, Leonardo Calò, Fabio Pigozzi
Background Several articles have proposed reference values in healthy paediatric subjects, but none of them has evaluated a large population of healthy trained adolescents. Design The study purpose was to establish normal echocardiographic measurements of left heart (aortic root, left atrium and left ventricular dimensions and mass) in relation to age, weight, height, body mass index, body surface area and training hours in this specific population. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 2151 consecutive, healthy, peri-pubertal athletes (100% male, mean age 12...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#2
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767271/graft-failure-is-more-frequent-after-hamstring-than-patellar-tendon-autograft
#3
E Laboute, E James-Belin, P L Puig, P Trouve, E Verhaeghe
PURPOSE: The risk of graft failure after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions with hamstring or patellar tendon was evaluated in a French population of athletes. METHODS: Athletes who had undergone ACL autograft reconstruction and who received rehabilitation care at the European Center for Sports Rehabilitation (CERS; Capbreton, France) were screened for this prospective cohort study. Eligibility criteria included a simple hamstring autograft or patellar tendon autograft surgical technique...
May 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764297/identifying-dyslexia-risk-for-sport-related-concussion-management-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-self-report-and-rapid-naming
#4
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762263/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions-erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757049/prevalence-of-indicators-of-low-energy-availability-in-elite-female-sprinters
#6
Jennifer Sygo, Alexandra M Coates, Erik Sesbreno, Margo L Mountjoy, Jamie F Burr
Low energy availability (LEA), and subsequent relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S), has been observed in endurance, aesthetic, and team sport athletes, with limited data on prevalence in athletes in short-burst activities such as sprinting. We examined prevalence of signs and symptoms of LEA in elite female sprinters at the start of the training season (PRE), and at the end of a 5-month indoor training period (POST). Four of 13 female sprinters (31%) presented at PRE testing with at least one primary (amenorrhea, low BMD, low FSH, LH, or estradiol, RMR ≤ 29kcal/kg FFM, Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q) score ≥8) and one secondary indicator of LEA (fasting blood glucose < 4mmol/L, free triiodothyronine < 3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745218/functional-movement-screen-scores-in-a-group-of-division-ia-athletes
#7
Joshua M Miller, Kyle J Susa
BACKGROUND: To determine mean values of the Functional Movement Screen scores in Division IA collegiate athletes. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one Division I collegiate athletes were recruited to participate in the study. The Functional Movement Screen was performed during pre- participation screenings prior to the beginning of the season. All athletes performed all seven tests and clearing tests as part of their participation. All the athletes were injury free at the time of testing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741985/accuracy-of-human-motion-capture-systems-for-sport-applications-state-of-the-art-review
#8
Eline van der Kruk, Marco M Reijne
OBJECTIVE: Sport research often requires human motion capture of an athlete. It can, however, be labour-intensive and difficult to select the right system, while manufacturers report on specifications which are determined in set-ups that largely differ from sport research in terms of volume, environment and motion. The aim of this review is to assist researchers in the selection of a suitable motion capture system for their experimental set-up for sport applications. An open online platform is initiated, to support (sport)researchers in the selection of a system and to enable them to contribute and update the overview...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741916/test-performance-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-and-king-devick-test-in-adolescent-athletes-during-a-competitive-sport-season
#9
Phillip R Worts, Philip Schatz, Scott O Burkhart
BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) and King-Devick (K-D) test are tools designed to assess ocular or vestibular function after a sport-related concussion. PURPOSE: To determine the test-retest reliability and rate of false-positive results of the VOMS and K-D test in a healthy athlete sample. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Forty-five healthy high school student-athletes (mean age, 16...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#10
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719729/influence-of-playing-rugby-on-long-term-brain-health-following-retirement-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#11
Joice Cunningham, Steven Broglio, Fiona Wilson
Objectives: The aim of this review was to systematically investigate long-term brain health in retired rugby players. Methods: Six databases were systematically searched from inception to January 2018 using Medical Subject Headings and keywords. Two reviewers independently screened studies for inclusion. Cross-sectional studies of living retired male or female rugby players in which at least one cognitive test was used as an outcome measure were included. Data extraction was performed using Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704937/a-retrospective-cohort-study-investigating-risk-factors-for-the-failure-of-thoroughbred-racehorses-to-return-to-racing-after-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injury
#12
N Tamura, K Kodaira, E Yoshihara, N Mae, Y Yamazaki, H Mita, T Kuroda, K Fukuda, A Tomita, Y Kasashima
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate risk factors for the failure of Thoroughbred racehorses to return to racing after an injury of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT). Successful return was defined as the completion of five or more races after SDFT injury. The official Japan Racing Association (JRA) medical records of racehorses with a core-type SDFT injury were reviewed for clinical variables related to the characteristics of the horse and the severity of SDFT injuries at the time of diagnosis...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704771/new-approach-based-on-immunochemical-techniques-for-monitoring-of-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-serms-in-human-urine
#13
J-Pablo Salvador, Ester Vila-Roca, Núria Monfort, Rosa Ventura, M-Pilar Marco
Antiestrogenic compounds such as tamoxifen, toremifen and chlomifen are used illegally by athletes to minimize physical impacts such as gynecomastia resulting from the secondary effects of anabolic androgenic steroids, used to increase athletic efficiency unlawfully. The use of these compounds is banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and controls are made through analytical methodologies such as HPLC-MS/MS, which do not fulfil the sample throughput requirements. Moreover, compounds such as tamoxifen are also used to treat hormone receptor-positive breast cancer (ER + )...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704189/periodic-health-examination-and-injury-prediction-in-professional-football-soccer-theoretically-the-prognosis-is-good
#14
Tom Hughes, Jamie C Sergeant, Danielle A van der Windt, Richard Riley, Michael J Callaghan
In professional soccer and other elite sports, medical and performance screening of athletes (also termed periodic health examination or PHE) is common practice. The purposes of this are: (1) to assist in identifying prevalent conditions that may be a threat to safe participation, (2) to assist in setting benchmark targets for rehabilitation or performance purposes and (3) to assist clinicians in determining which athletes may be at risk of future injury and selecting appropriate injury prevention strategies to reduce the perceived risk...
April 27, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693423/landing-kinematics-in-elite-male-youth-soccer-players-of-different-chronologic-age-and-stage-of-maturation
#15
Paul J Read, Jon L Oliver, Mark B A De Ste Croix, Gregory D Myer, Rhodri S Lloyd
CONTEXT:   Despite the high frequency of knee injuries in athletes, few researchers have studied the effects of chronologic age and stage of maturation on knee-joint kinematics in male youth soccer players. OBJECTIVE:   To use a coach-friendly screening tool to examine knee-valgus scores for players of different ages and at different stages of maturation. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Academy soccer clubs...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689184/development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-dual-task-screen-in-healthy-adolescents
#16
Jaclyn Stephens, Rachel Nicholson, Beth Slomine, Stacy Suskauer
Athletes with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) should refrain from high-risk activities until recovered (symptom free and cognitive and physical exam findings normalize). Studies have suggested that this examination may not be sufficiently sensitive because dual-task paradigms, which typically assess motor performance while a person simultaneously completes a distractor task, can detect residual deficits in athletes who otherwise appear recovered from mTBI. Paradigms used to date are time-intensive procedures conducted in laboratory settings...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680982/the-second-case-of-a-young-man-with-l-arginine-induced-acute-pancreatitis
#17
Quentin Binet, Inès Dufour, Emmanuel Agneessens, Jean-Claude Debongnie, Tarik Aouattah, Angélique Covas, Jean-Charles Coche, Xavier De Koninck
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplementation of arginine has been used by numerous world-class athletes and professional bodybuilders over the past 30 years. L-Arginine indeed enhances muscular power and general performance via maintaining ATP level. However, L-arginine is also known to induce acute pancreatitis in murine models. CASE REPORT: We report the case of young man presenting with upper abdominal pain and increased serum lipase levels. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirms a mild acute pancreatitis...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675749/evaluation-of-severe-and-fatal-injuries-in-extreme-and-contact-sports-an-international-multicenter-analysis
#18
Christian D Weber, Klemens Horst, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Hans-Christoph Pape, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: The participation in extreme and contact sports has grown internationally, despite the significant risk for major and multiple injuries. We conducted this multicenter study to evaluate sport-specific injury patterns and mechanisms, to characterize individuals at risk and to identify possible approaches for prevention. METHODS: We compared demographic data, severity and patterns of injuries; and the pre- and in-hospital management from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®)...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669136/are-collegiate-athletes-as-healthy-as-we-think-they-are
#19
Karly S Geller, Emma Lancaster, Christopher Hill, Samantha Bettinger
The current study compared multiple health-risk behaviors, self-efficacy, and temptation between young adult athletes and nonathletes. Cross-sectional data were collected via a web-based survey. Participants included nonathletes and Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes attending a midwestern university. Multiple health-risk behaviors existed at a high prevalence among participating athletes and nonathletes, with a slightly higher proportion of nonathletes reporting more risk. Twenty-two percent of participating athletes were at risk for excessive screen time, whereas 36% of nonathletes were at risk for the same...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659298/agreement-between-visual-assessment-and-2-dimensional-analysis-during-jump-landing-among-healthy-female-athletes
#20
Alon Rabin, Ofira Einstein, Zvi Kozol
CONTEXT:   Altered movement patterns, including increased frontal-plane knee movement and decreased sagittal-plane hip and knee movement, have been associated with several knee disorders. Nevertheless, the ability of clinicians to visually detect such altered movement patterns during high-speed athletic tasks is relatively unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the association between visual assessment and 2-dimensional (2D) analysis of frontal-plane knee movement and sagittal-plane hip and knee movement during a jump-landing task among healthy female athletes...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
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