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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526738/hpv-vaccine-slashes-rates-of-oral-infection
#1
(no author information available yet)
Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) reduces the prevalence of oral infection by an estimated 88% among young adults in the United States, a protection that could help reduce rates of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers, according to data that will be presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL. However, the population-level benefit will remain low unless more people get vaccinated.
May 19, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515243/nccn-guidelines-update-evolving-radiation-therapy-recommendations-for-breast-cancer
#2
Kilian E Salerno
In the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Breast Cancer, among adjuvant radiotherapy options for whole-breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery, hypofractionation is preferred. For the use of accelerated partial-breast irradiation, the NCCN Guidelines have adopted the updated definition of "suitability" used by the American Society for Radiation Oncology. Regional nodal irradiation is indicated-either in the setting of breast-conserving surgery or after mastectomy-for women with ≥4 positive nodes and should be strongly considered for 1 to 3 positive lymph nodes and select patients with node-negative disease deemed at high risk for recurrence...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514195/analysis-of-the-use-and-impact-of-twitter-during-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-annual-meetings-from-2011-to-2016-focus-on-advanced-metrics-and-user-trends
#3
Naveen Pemmaraju, Michael A Thompson, Ruben A Mesa, Tejas Desai
PURPOSE: The use of social media, in particular Twitter, has substantially increased among health care stakeholders in the field of hematology and oncology, with an especially sharp increase in the use of Twitter during times of major national meetings. The most attended meeting in the oncology field is the ASCO annual meeting. Little is known about the detailed metrics involved in the use, volume, and impact of Twitter during the ASCO annual meeting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of tweets during the ASCO annual meetings from 2011 to 2016...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481681/feasibility-of-a-centralized-clinical-trials-coverage-analysis-a-joint-initiative-of-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-the-national-cancer-institute
#4
Connie M Szczepanek, Patricia Hurley, Marjorie J Good, Andrea Denicoff, Kelly Willenberg, Casey Dawson, Dax Kurbegov
PURPOSE: Clinical trial billing compliance is a challenge that is faced by overburdened clinical trials sites. The requirements place institutions and research sites at increased potential for financial risk. To reduce their risk, sites develop a coverage analysis (CA) before opening each trial. For multisite trials, this translates into system-wide redundancies, inconsistencies, trial delays, and potential costs to sites and patients. These factors exacerbate low accrual rates to cancer clinical trials...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475275/a-qa-program-for-mrd-testing-demonstrates-that-systematic-education-can-reduce-discordance-among-experienced-interpreters
#5
Michael Keeney, Brent L Wood, Benjamin D Hedley, Joseph A DiGiuseppe, Maryalice Stetler-Stevenson, Elisabeth Paietta, Gerard Lozanski, Adam C Seegmiller, Bruce W Greig, Aaron C Shaver, Lata Mukundan, Howard R Higley, Caroline C Sigman, Gary Kelloff, J Milburn Jessup, Michael J Borowitz
BACKGROUND: Minimal residual disease (MRD) in B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by flow cytometry is an established prognostic factor used to adjust treatment in most pediatric therapeutic protocols. MRD in B-ALL has been standardized by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) in North America, but not routine clinical labs. The Foundation for National Institutes of Health sought to harmonize MRD measurement among COG, oncology groups, academic, community and government, laboratories. METHODS: Listmode data from post-induction marrows were distributed from a reference lab to seven different clinical FCM labs with variable experience in B-ALL MRD...
May 5, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473085/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-stage-i-breast-cancer-initial-workup-and-surveillance-for-local-recurrence-and-distant-metastases-in-asymptomatic-women
#6
Linda Moy, Lisa Bailey, Carl D'Orsi, Edward D Green, Anna I Holbrook, Su-Ju Lee, Ana P Lourenco, Martha B Mainiero, Karla A Sepulveda, Priscilla J Slanetz, Sunita Trikha, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Women and health care professionals generally prefer intensive follow-up after a diagnosis of breast cancer. However, there are no survival differences between women who obtain intensive surveillance with imaging and laboratory studies compared with women who only undergo testing because of the development of symptoms or findings on clinical examinations. American Society of Clinical Oncology and National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines state that annual mammography is the only imaging examination that should be performed to detect a localized breast recurrence in asymptomatic patients; more imaging may be needed if the patient has locoregional symptoms (eg, palpable abnormality)...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472548/the-association-of-demoralization-with-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-cancer
#7
Sigrun Vehling, David W Kissane, Christopher Lo, Heide Glaesmer, Tim J Hartung, Gary Rodin, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: Demoralization refers to a state in which there is a perceived inability to cope, that is associated with a sense of disheartenment and a loss of hope and meaning. This study investigated the co-occurrence versus independence of demoralization with mental disorders and suicidal ideation to evaluate its features as a concept of distress in the context of severe illness. METHODS: In a cross-sectional sample of 430 mixed cancer patients, we assessed demoralization with the Demoralization Scale (DS); the 4-week prevalence of mood, anxiety, and adjustment disorders and suicidal ideation with the standardized Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Oncology (CIDI-O); and depressive symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
May 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472313/implementing-evidence-based-palliative-care-programs-and-policy-for-cancer-patients-epidemiologic-and-policy-implications-of-the-2016-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#8
Sarina R Isenberg, Rebecca A Aslakson, Thomas J Smith
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recently convened an Ad Hoc Palliative Care Expert Panel to update a 2012 provisional clinical opinion by conducting a systematic review of clinical trials in palliative care in oncology. The key takeaways from the updated ASCO clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are that more people should be referred to interdisciplinary palliative care teams and that more palliative care specialists and palliative care-trained oncologists are needed to meet this demand. The following summary statement is based on multiple randomized clinical trials: "Inpatients and outpatients with advanced cancer should receive dedicated palliative care services, early in the disease course, concurrent with active treatment...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462518/alvimopan-for-recovery-of-bowel-function-after-radical-cystectomy
#9
REVIEW
Shahnaz Sultan, Bernadette Coles, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Alvimopan is used in abdominal surgery to reduce postoperative ileus in patients undergoing small bowel resections with primary anastomosis. The role and efficacy of alvimopan in patients undergoing radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of alvimopan in the context of enhanced recovery pathways compared to enhanced recovery pathways alone for perioperative bowel dysfunction in patients undergoing radical cystectomy...
May 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459634/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-strategic-plan-for-increasing-racial-and-ethnic-diversity-in-the-oncology-workforce
#10
Karen M Winkfield, Christopher R Flowers, Jyoti D Patel, Gladys Rodriguez, Patricia Robinson, Amit Agarwal, Lori Pierce, Otis W Brawley, Edith P Mitchell, Kimberly T Head-Smith, Dana S Wollins, Daniel F Hayes
In December 2016, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Board of Directors approved the ASCO Strategic Plan to Increase Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Oncology Workforce. Developed through a multistakeholder effort led by the ASCO Health Disparities Committee, the purpose of the plan is to guide the formal efforts of ASCO in this area over the next three years (2017 to 2020). There are three primary goals: (1) to establish a longitudinal pathway for increasing workforce diversity, (2) to enhance ASCO leadership diversity, and (3) to integrate a focus on diversity across ASCO programs and policies...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456635/treatment-of-non-metastatic-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-aua-asco-astro-suo-guideline
#11
Sam S Chang, Bernard H Bochner, Roger Chou, Robert Dreicer, Ashish M Kamat, Seth P Lerner, Yair Lotan, Joshua J Meeks, Jeff M Michalski, Todd M Morgan, Diane Z Quale, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Anthony L Zietman, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein
PURPOSE: This multi-disciplinary, evidence-based guideline for clinically non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer focuses on the evaluation, treatment, and surveillance of muscle-invasive bladder cancer guided toward curative intent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review utilizing research from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) as well as additional supplementation by the authors and consultant methodologists was used to develop the guideline...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453694/clinical-benefit-price-and-approval-characteristics-of-fda-approved-new-drugs-for-treating-advanced-solid-cancer-2000-2015
#12
A Vivot, J Jacot, J-D Zeitoun, P Ravaud, P Crequit, R Porcher
Background: Prices of anti-cancer drugs are skyrocking. We aimed to assess the clinical benefit of new drugs for treating advanced solid tumors at the time of their approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and to search for a relation between price and clinical benefit of drugs. Materials and methods: We included all new molecular entities and new biologics for treating advanced solid cancer that were approved by the FDA between 2000 and 2015. The clinical benefit of drugs was graded based on FDA medical review of pivotal clinical trials using the 2016-updated of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Value Framework (ASCO-VF) and the European Society for Medical Oncology Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS)...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449725/maxillofacial-prosthodontics-practice-profile-a-survey-of-non-united-states-prosthodontists
#13
Nina Ariani, Harry Reintsema, Kathleen Ward, Cortino Sukotjo, Alvin G Wee
BACKGROUND: This study surveyed non-United States maxillofacial prosthodontists (MFP) to determine their practice profile and rationale for pursuing an MFP career. METHODS: Email addresses for the MFP were obtained from the International Society for Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, and International Academy for Oral Facial Rehabilitation. Emails with a link to the electronic survey program were sent to each participant...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447341/chemotherapy-alone-versus-chemotherapy-plus-radiotherapy-for-adults-with-early-stage-hodgkin-lymphoma
#14
REVIEW
Oliver Blank, Bastian von Tresckow, Ina Monsef, Lena Specht, Andreas Engert, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: Combined modality treatment consisting of chemotherapy followed by localised radiotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with early stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). However, due to long- term adverse effects such as secondary malignancies the role of radiotherapy has been questioned recently and some clinical study groups advocate chemotherapy only for this indication. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of chemotherapy alone compared to chemotherapy plus radiotherapy in adults with early stage HL ...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445101/second-line-hormonal-therapy-for-men-with-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-provisional-clinical-opinion-summary
#15
Katherine S Virgo, R Bryan Rumble, Eric A Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445098/comparative-analysis-of-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-testing-in-breast-cancer-according-to-2007-and-2013-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-college-of-american-pathologists-guideline-recommendations
#16
Wedad M Hanna, Elzbieta Slodkowska, Fang-I Lu, Houman Nafisi, Sharon Nofech-Mozes
Purpose To study the effect of the 2013 updates to the 2007 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists recommendations for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer on testing patterns and interpretation in a large regional reference laboratory. Patients and Methods Patient cases with HER2 testing scores for breast biomarker evaluation were selected from our laboratory information system during two 12-month periods (2012 and 2014). The number of tests performed, type of specimens, proportion of HER2-positive and equivocal patient cases, and number of repeat tests on subsequent excisional specimens were examined and compared...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441112/second-line-hormonal-therapy-for-men-with-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-provisional-clinical-opinion
#17
Katherine S Virgo, Ethan Basch, D Andrew Loblaw, Tom Oliver, R Bryan Rumble, Michael A Carducci, Luke Nordquist, Mary-Ellen Taplin, Eric Winquist, Eric A Singer
Purpose ASCO provisional clinical opinions (PCOs) offer direction to the ASCO membership after publication or presentation of potential practice-changing data. This PCO addresses second-line hormonal therapy for chemotherapy-naïve men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who range from being asymptomatic with only biochemical evidence of CRPC to having documented metastases but minimal symptoms. Clinical Context The treatment goal for CRPC is palliation. Despite resistance to initial androgen deprivation therapy, most men respond to second-line hormonal therapies...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441082/adjuvant-systemic-therapy-and-adjuvant-radiation-therapy-for-stages-i-to-iiia-resectable-non-small-cell-lung-cancers-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-cancer-care-ontario-clinical-practice-guideline-update-summary
#18
Mark G Kris, Laurie E Gaspar, Jamie E Chaft, Erin B Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440868/improved-outcomes-after-successful-implementation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-pews-in-a-resource-limited-pediatric-oncology-hospital
#19
Asya Agulnik, Lupe Nataly Mora Robles, Peter W Forbes, Doris Judith Soberanis Vasquez, Ricardo Mack, Federico Antillon-Klussmann, Monica Kleinman, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized pediatric oncology patients are at high risk of clinical decline and mortality, particularly in resource-limited settings. Pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) aid in the early identification of clinical deterioration; however, there are limited data regarding their feasibility or impact in low-resource settings. This study describes the successful implementation of PEWS at the Unidad Nacional de Oncología Pediátrica (UNOP), a pediatric oncology hospital in Guatemala, resulting in improved inpatient outcomes...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437162/adjuvant-systemic-therapy-and-adjuvant-radiation-therapy-for-stage-i-to-iiia-completely-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancers-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-cancer-care-ontario-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#20
Mark G Kris, Laurie E Gaspar, Jamie E Chaft, Erin B Kennedy, Christopher G Azzoli, Peter M Ellis, Steven H Lin, Harvey I Pass, Rahul Seth, Frances A Shepherd, David R Spigel, John R Strawn, Yee C Ung, Michael Weyant
Purpose The panel updated the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) adjuvant therapy guideline for resected non-small-cell lung cancers. Methods ASCO convened an update panel and conducted a systematic review of the literature, investigating adjuvant therapy in resected non-small-cell lung cancers. Results The updated evidence base covered questions related to adjuvant systemic therapy and included a systematic review conducted by Cancer Care Ontario current to January 2016. A recent American Society for Radiation Oncology guideline and systematic review, previously endorsed by ASCO, was used as the basis for recommendations for adjuvant radiation therapy...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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