Read by QxMD icon Read

Resuscitation veterinary

Yu Ueda, Christine Wong, Angela Borchers
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia due to acute metformin intoxication in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A female neutered Rat Terrier was presented for an acute onset of seizure-like episodes, weakness, and vomiting approximately 14 hours after ingestion of 198 mg/kg of metformin. The dog was found to be laterally recumbent, paddling, and unresponsive shortly before presentation. On physical exam, the dog was in hypovolemic shock and hypothermic...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Koudai Kawase, Hazuki Ujiie, Motonori Takaki, Kazuto Yamashita
A set of evidence-based consensus guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dogs and cats (RECOVER guidelines) was published in 2012. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of CPR performed according to those guidelines in dogs. A total of 141 dogs with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) were identified and underwent CPR between January 2012 and December 2015 at the Sapporo Nighttime Animal Hospital. CPR was performed according to no-consensus traditional veterinary CPR procedures in 68 dogs (TRADITIONAL group), and according to the RECOVER guidelines in 73 dogs (RECOVER group)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Ellen Wiedner, Wendy K Kiso, Janice Aria, Ramiro Isaza, William Lindsay, Gary Jacobson, Kathy Jacobson, Dennis Schmitt
Sixteen years of medical records documenting 19 births within a herd of Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) at a private facility in the southeastern United States were reviewed. Of the 19 calves, 11 were normal at birth, requiring no additional veterinary care, and eight were abnormal, requiring veterinary care immediately or within the first week of birth. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate morphometrics, vital signs, and behavioral milestones in newborn calves both normal and abnormal. Blood work and urinalysis results from all calves were compared to values for adult elephants...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Andrea Brodeur, Annie Wright, Yonaira Cortes
OBJECTIVE: To review current knowledge surrounding the effects, treatment, and prognosis of hypothermia in people, dogs, and cats, as well as the application of therapeutic hypothermia in clinical medicine. ETIOLOGY: Hypothermia may be a primary or secondary condition, and may be due to environmental exposure, illness, medications, anesthesia, or trauma. Hypothermia has been applied therapeutically in human medicine for a variety of conditions, including postcardiac arrest...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Tami Lind
Fluid resuscitation in small animals is important in emergency situations and is utilized by every veterinary practice. Peripherally inserted intravenous catheters are an effective way of giving fluids to a veterinary patient. If an intravenous catheter is not obtainable, there are multiple other ways to administer fluids to a patient including dorsal pedal catheters, intraosseous catheters, central venous catheters, peripherally inserted central catheters, nasogastric tubes, nasoesophageal tubes and subcutaneous administration of fluids...
June 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
A J Shapiro, J M Norris, K L Bosward, J Heller
A Q fever outbreak in a small animal veterinary hospital, associated with a cat caesarean section, initiated a cat seroprevalence study (n = 712) that found circulating antibodies to Coxiella burnetii was highest in cattery-confined breeding cats (9.3%). These findings stimulated interest about potential sources of C. burnetii infection for cats and humans associated with cats. Cat breeders are potentially a group at increased risk of C. burnetii infection, and this study sought to identify potential risk factors...
June 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
J DeLay
Autopsy of animals that die in the perianesthetic period allows identification of anesthetic and surgical complications as well as preexisting disease conditions that may have contributed to mortality. In most studies to date investigating perianesthetic mortality in animals, inclusion of autopsy data is very limited. This retrospective study evaluated autopsy findings in 221 cases of perianesthetic death submitted to a veterinary diagnostic laboratory from primary care and referral hospitals. Canine (n = 105; 48%) and feline (n = 90; 41%) cases predominated in the study, involving elective (71%) and emergency (19%) procedures...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
Duana McBride, Giselle Hosgood, Anthea Raisis, Lisa Smart
OBJECTIVE: To measure platelet closure time (PCT) in dogs during controlled hemorrhagic shock and after fluid resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 or 0.9% sodium chloride. DESIGN: Experimental interventional study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Eleven healthy Greyhounds. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs were anesthetized and had 48 mL/kg of blood removed to induce hemorrhagic shock...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Jennifer A Beninson, Jill M Keller, Mark J Hoenerhoff
An intact adult male guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) went into cardiopulmonary arrest during a surgical procedure, and efforts at resuscitation were unsuccessful. Gross examination revealed a gastric rupture along the greater curvature of the stomach, which was associated with free blood and ingesta in the abdominal cavity, and a 2-cm nodular, partially circumferential, soft-to-firm mass within the pyloric region. Histologically, the pyloric mass was composed of sheets of infiltrative adipocytes expanding the muscular wall...
October 2015: Comparative Medicine
Andrea C Holmes, Louise Clark
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study reviewed compliance to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) teaching at a small animal referral center from January 2009 to June 2013. CPR training commenced in October 2009. This was a lecture format by European specialists in veterinary anesthesia and analgesia. Teaching was originally based on published guidelines. Changes made to the content of the lectures after publication of the Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation (RECOVER) guidelines in 2012 are discussed...
November 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Pamela J Mouser, Jeffrey D Wilson
An apparently healthy adult female Chihuahua was presented for elective ovariohysterectomy. After induction of general anesthesia, but prior to the start of the surgery, air was inadvertently administered to the patient via the i.v. fluid line. The patient convulsed, became apneic, arrested, and died despite attempted cardiopulmonary resuscitation. At necropsy, the pericardial sac was incised and filled with water to entirely submerge the intact heart. The right ventricular free wall was punctured, releasing several air bubbles from the right ventricle...
May 2015: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Dava Cazzolli, Jennifer Prittie
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review of the current literature in human and veterinary medicine evaluating the impact of resuscitation fluid choice on patient outcome and adverse effects. DATA SOURCES: Prospective and retrospective studies, experimental models, and review articles in both human and veterinary medicine retrieved via PubMed. HUMAN DATA SYNTHESIS: A series of recent, large, randomized controlled trials in critically ill human patients comparing crystalloid versus colloid driven fluid resuscitation algorithms have demonstrated no outcome benefit with the use of natural or synthetic colloids...
January 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Robin L McIntyre, Kate Hopper, Steven E Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively describe cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and evaluate factors associated with outcome in dogs and cats with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred twenty-one dogs and 30 cats that underwent CPR. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Supervising clinicians completed a data form immediately following completion of CPR...
November 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Pei-Jie Li, Xiao-Hua Yang, Zheng-Yi Zhang, Wen Cao, Li-Ping Zhang, Jing Qin, Xiao-Dong Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that α2-adrenergic agonists can reduce postresuscitation myocardial injury. This study was undertaken to observe changes of hemodynamics, myocardial injury markers cTnT and cardiac morphology by establishing a cardiopulmonary resuscitation model with rabbits, and to detect whether α-methyl norepinephrine (α-MNE) can reduce the myocardial injury after CPR and improve cardiac function. METHODS: Eighteen health rabbits, weighing 2...
2010: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Polly A Glover, Elke Rudloff, Rebecca Kirby
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of hydroxyethyl starch (HES), as well as reported risks and benefits of HES infusion, and to provide administration and monitoring recommendations for HES use in dogs and cats. DATA SOURCES: Veterinary and human peer-reviewed medical literature, including scientific reviews, clinical and laboratory research articles, and authors' clinical experience. SUMMARY: HES solutions are the most frequently used synthetic colloid plasma volume expanders in human and veterinary medicine...
November 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Søren R Boysen, Patricia Dorval
OBJECTIVE: To determine if rapid intravenous administration of lactated Ringer's solution containing 28 mmol/L of l-lactate (L-LRS) can result in an increase in plasma lactate concentration in healthy dogs. DESIGN: Prospective cross over study with a 4-week washout period. SETTING: Veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult Beagles. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs received 180 mL/kg/h of L-LRS over 60 minutes, followed by a 4-week washout period, then 180 mL/kg/h of 0...
September 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Brian C Young, Jennifer E Prittie, Philip Fox, Linda J Barton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate traditional and global perfusion parameters in clinical canine shock patients, and to evaluate for occult hypoperfusion as evidenced by low central venous oxygen saturation or high plasma lactate concentrations in clinical patients resuscitated to traditional endpoints. DESIGN: Clinical observational trial designed with a 1-year data entry period and patient follow-up of 28 days posthospital presentation. SETTING: Large, private urban teaching hospital, and emergency and critical care center...
March 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Autumn P Davidson
Prudent veterinary intervention in the prenatal, parturient, and postpartum periods can increase neonatal survival by controlling or eliminating factors contributing to puppy morbidity and mortality. Postresuscitation or within the first 24 hours of a natural delivery, a complete physical examination should be performed by a veterinarian, technician, or knowledgeable breeder. Adequate ingestion of colostrum must occur promptly (within 24 hours) postpartum for puppies and kittens to acquire passive immunity.
March 2014: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Lee Palmer, Linda Martin
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the current resuscitative strategies for trauma-induced hemorrhagic shock and acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC). ETIOLOGY: Hemorrhagic shock can be acutely fatal if not immediately and appropriately treated. The primary tenets of hemorrhagic shock resuscitation are to arrest hemorrhage and restore the effective circulating volume. Large volumes of isotonic crystalloids have been the resuscitative strategy of choice; however, data from experimental animal models and retrospective human analyses now recognize that large-volume fluid resuscitation in uncontrolled hemorrhage may be deleterious...
January 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"