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Flax plant

Sébastien Acket, Anthony Degournay, Mathilde Gosset, Franck Merlier, Manual Adrian Troncoso-Ponce, Brigitte Thomasset
In context of fluxomic studies, 13 C labeling analysis of amino acids are very important for solving the carbon flow calculation, because they are synthesized in various biosynthesis pathways and cellular compartments in plant cells. Traditionally, 13 C labeling analysis are performed using low resolution mass spectrometry detector by GC-MS. We developed a method using capillary electrophoresis-high resolution mass spectrometry without derivatization and with better accuracy assessment of labeling measurements comparing to classical GC-MS...
February 13, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Yanyan Wang, Tianbao Zhang, Xiaxia Song, Jianping Zhang, Zhanhai Dang, Xinwu Pei, Yan Long
Alternative splicing is a popular phenomenon in different types of plants. It can produce alternative spliced transcripts that encode proteins with altered functions. Previous studies have shown that one transcription factor, ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3), which encodes an important component in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, is subjected to alternative splicing in both mono- and dicotyledons. In the current study, we identified two homologs of ABI3 in the genome of linseed flax. We screened two alternatively spliced flax LuABI3 transcripts, LuABI3-2 and LuABI3-3, and one normal flax LuABI3 transcript, LuABI3-1...
2018: PloS One
Anna Banaś, Anna Korus, Małgorzata Tabaszewska
Low-sugar gooseberry jams enriched by the addition of black chokeberry, elderberry, Japanese quince, flax seeds and wheat germs were examined for the content of total polyphenols, total flavonoids, and total anthocyanins as well as their antioxidant activity (DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP) and individual phenolic compounds. The jams were evaluated immediately after production and after 6 and 12 months of storage. Samples were stored at chilled temperature (10 °C) and room temperature (20 °C). A significant increase in the level of the analyzed components and antioxidant activity were determined in jams with the addition of chokeberry, elderberry and Japanese quince, while in the case of other plant ingredients the differences were not always significant...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Alexey A Dmitriev, George S Krasnov, Tatiana A Rozhmina, Roman O Novakovskiy, Anastasiya V Snezhkina, Maria S Fedorova, Olga Yu Yurkevich, Olga V Muravenko, Nadezhda L Bolsheva, Anna V Kudryavtseva, Nataliya V Melnikova
BACKGROUND: Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) is a crop plant used for fiber and oil production. Although potentially high-yielding flax varieties have been developed, environmental stresses markedly decrease flax production. Among biotic stresses, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lini is recognized as one of the most devastating flax pathogens. It causes wilt disease that is one of the major limiting factors for flax production worldwide. Breeding and cultivation of flax varieties resistant to F...
December 28, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
Marta Preisner, Wioleta Wojtasik, Kamil Kostyn, Aleksandra Boba, Tadeusz Czuj, Jan Szopa, Anna Kulma
Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD), which catalyzes the reduction of cinnamaldehydes to their alcohol derivatives, is represented by a large family of proteins. The aim of the study was to identify the CAD isoforms in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) - LuCADs - and to determine their specificity to enhance knowledge of the mechanisms controlling cell wall lignification in flax under environmental stresses. On the basis of genome-wide analysis, we identified 15 isoforms (one in two copies) belonging to three major classes of the CAD protein family...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
Floriana Gavazzi, Gaia Pigna, Luca Braglia, Silvia Gianì, Diego Breviario, Laura Morello
BACKGROUND: Microtubules, polymerized from alpha and beta-tubulin monomers, play a fundamental role in plant morphogenesis, determining the cell division plane, the direction of cell expansion and the deposition of cell wall material. During polarized pollen tube elongation, microtubules serve as tracks for vesicular transport and deposition of proteins/lipids at the tip membrane. Such functions are controlled by cortical microtubule arrays. Aim of this study was to first characterize the flax β-tubulin family by sequence and phylogenetic analysis and to investigate differential expression of β-tubulin genes possibly related to fibre elongation and to flower development...
December 8, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
Christophe Djemiel, Sébastien Grec, Simon Hawkins
Flax dew-retting is a key step in the industrial extraction of fibers from flax stems and is dependent upon the production of a battery of hydrolytic enzymes produced by micro-organisms during this process. To explore the diversity and dynamics of bacterial and fungal communities involved in this process we applied a high-throughput sequencing (HTS) DNA metabarcoding approach (16S rRNA/ITS region, Illumina Miseq) on plant and soil samples obtained over a period of 7 weeks in July and August 2014. Twenty-three bacterial and six fungal phyla were identified in soil samples and 11 bacterial and four fungal phyla in plant samples...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Frank M You, Gaofeng Jia, Jin Xiao, Scott D Duguid, Khalid Y Rashid, Helen M Booker, Sylvie Cloutier
Assessment of genetic variability of plant core germplasm is needed for efficient germplasm utilization in breeding improvement. A total of 391 accessions of a flax core collection, which preserves the variation present in the world collection of 3,378 accessions maintained by Plant Gene Resources of Canada (PGRC) and represents a broad range of geographical origins, different improvement statuses and two morphotypes, was evaluated in field trials in up to 8 year-location environments for 10 agronomic, eight seed quality, six fiber and three disease resistance traits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Cloé Paul-Victor, Sara Dalle Vacche, Federica Sordo, Siegfried Fink, Thomas Speck, Véronique Michaud, Olga Speck
As plant fibres are increasingly used in technical textiles and their composites, underlying principles of wound healing in living plant fibres are relevant to product quality, and provide inspiration for biomimetic healing in synthetic materials. In this work, two Linum usitatissimum cultivars differing in their stem mechanical properties, cv. Eden (stems resistant to lodging) and cv. Drakkar (with more flexible stems), were grown without wound or with stems previously wounded with a cut parallel or transversal to the stem...
2017: PloS One
Payal Gupta, Prasanta K Dash
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) are low molecular weight proteins (12-18 kDa) involved in a suite of plant cellular processes imparting growth and development. With myriad roles in physiological and biochemical processes in plants, detailed analysis of sPLA2 in flax/linseed is meagre. The present work, first in flax, embodies cloning, expression, purification and molecular characterisation of two distinct sPLA2s (I and II) from flax. PLA2 activity of the cloned sPLA2s were biochemically assayed authenticating them as bona fide phospholipase A2...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Olga Y Yurkevich, Ilya V Kirov, Nadezhda L Bolsheva, Olga A Rachinskaya, Zoya E Grushetskaya, Svyatoslav A Zoschuk, Tatiana E Samatadze, Marina V Bogdanova, Valentina A Lemesh, Alexandra V Amosova, Olga V Muravenko
Flax, Linum usitatissimum L., is a valuable multi-purpose plant, and currently, its genome is being extensively investigated. Nevertheless, mapping of genes in flax genome is still remaining a challenging task. The cellulose synthase (CesA) multigene family involving in the process of cellulose synthesis is especially important for metabolism of this fiber crop. For the first time, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)-based chromosomal localization of the CesA conserved fragment (KF011584.1), 5S, and 26S rRNA genes was performed in landrace, oilseed, and fiber varieties of L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Xiaoxiao Zhang, Nadya Farah, Laura Rolston, Daniel J Ericsson, Ann-Maree Catanzariti, Maud Bernoux, Thomas Ve, Katerina Bendak, Chunhong Chen, Joel P Mackay, Gregory J Lawrence, Adrienne Hardham, Jeffrey G Ellis, Simon J Williams, Peter N Dodds, David A Jones, Bostjan Kobe
The effector protein AvrP is secreted by the flax rust fungal pathogen (Melampsora lini) and recognized specifically by the flax (Linum usitatissimum) P disease resistance protein, leading to effector-triggered immunity. To investigate the biological function of this effector and mechanisms of specific recognition by the P resistance protein, we determined the crystal structure of AvrP. The structure reveals an elongated zinc-finger-like structure with a novel interleaved zinc-binding topology. The residues responsible for zinc binding are conserved in AvrP effector variants and mutations of these motifs result in loss of P-mediated recognition...
August 17, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
Dmitry Galinousky, Tsimafei Padvitski, Galina Bayer, Yaroslav Pirko, Nikolay Pydiura, Natallia Anisimova, Tatyana Nikitinskaya, Liubov Khotyleva, Alla Yemets, Aleksandr Kilchevsky, Yaroslav Blume
Fiber flax is an important source of natural fiber and a comprehensive model for the plant fiber biogenesis studies. Cellulose-synthase (CesA) and cytoskeletal genes are known to be important for the cell wall biogenesis in general and for the biogenesis of flax fibers in particular. Currently, knowledge about activity of these genes during the plant growth is limited. In this study, we have investigated flax fiber biogenesis by measuring expression of CesA and cytoskeletal genes at two stages of the flax development (seedlings and stems at the rapid growth stage) in several flax subspecies (elongatum, mediterraneum, crepitans)...
August 9, 2017: Cell Biology International
Julien Le Roy, Anne-Sophie Blervacq, Anne Créach, Brigitte Huss, Simon Hawkins, Godfrey Neutelings
BACKGROUND: Bast fibres are characterized by very thick secondary cell walls containing high amounts of cellulose and low lignin contents in contrast to the heavily lignified cell walls typically found in the xylem tissues. To improve the quality of the fiber-based products in the future, a thorough understanding of the main cell wall polymer biosynthetic pathways is required. In this study we have carried out a characterization of the genes involved in lignin biosynthesis in flax along with some of their regulation mechanisms...
July 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
Katarzyna Skórkowska-Telichowska, Anna Kulma, Tomasz Gębarowski, Wioleta Wojtasik, Kamil Kostyn, Helena Moreira, Anna Szyjka, Aleksandra Boba, Marta Preisner, Justyna Mierziak, Malgorzata Arendt, Anna Kostyn, Michał Szatkowski, Jan Szopa, Kazimierz Gąsiorowski
Chinese hamster pulmonary fibroblasts (V79 cells) pre-treated with flax fabrics derived from non-modified or genetically engineered flax fibres and treated with H2O2 revealed a markedly lower level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) than control, non-pre-treated cells. The fabrics were prepared from fibres derived from two kinds of transgenic plants: W92 plants, which overproduce flavonoids, and M type plants, which produce hydroxybutyrate polymer in their vascular bundles and thus in fibres. Incubating the V79 cells with the flax fabrics prior to H2O2 treatment also reduced the amount of DNA damage, as established using the comet assay (also known as alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis) and pulsed-field electrophoresis of intact cellular DNA...
July 8, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Payal Gupta, Raman Saini, Prasanta K Dash
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) belongs to class of lipolytic enzymes (EC Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and free fatty acids (FFAs) are the products of PLA2 catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphoglycerides at sn-2 position. LPA and FFA that act as second mediators involved in the development and maturation of plants and animals. Mining of flax genome identified two phospholipase A2 encoding genes, viz., LusPLA 2 I and LusPLA 2 II (Linum usitatissimum secretory phospholipase A2). Molecular simulation of LusPLA2s with already characterized plant sPLA2s revealed the presence of conserved motifs and signature domains necessary to classify them as secretory phospholipase A2...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
Magdalena Dzialo, Jan Szopa, Tadeusz Czuj, Magdalena Zuk
Chalcone synthase (CHS) has been recognized as an essential enzyme in the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway. Apart from the leading role in the production of phenolic compounds with many valuable biological activities beneficial to biomedicine, CHS is well appreciated in science. Genetic engineering greatly facilitates expanding knowledge on the function and genetics of CHS in plants. The CHS gene is one of the most intensively studied genes in flax. In our study, we investigated engineering of the CHS gene through genetic and epigenetic approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Tomasz Gredes, Sandra Schönitz, Tomasz Gedrange, Lukas Stepien, Karol Kozak, Christiane Kunert-Keil
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the in vivo effect of bioactive composites with poly(lactic acid) (PLA) or polycaprolactone (PCL) as the matrix, reinforced with bioplastic flax fibers, on the surrounding muscle tissue. METHODS: Materials of pure PLA and PCL and their composites with flax fibers from genetically modified plants producing poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PLA-transgen, PCL-transgen) and unmodified plants (PLA-wt, PCL-wt) were placed subcutaneous on the M...
2017: Biomaterials Research
Saeedeh Rahimzadeh, Alireza Pirzad
Drought stress, which is one of the most serious world environmental threats to crop production, might be compensated by some free living and symbiotic soil microorganisms. The physiological response of flax plants to inoculation with two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Funneliformis mosseae or Rhizophagus intraradices) and a phosphate solubilizing bacterium (Pseudomonas putida P13; PSB) was evaluated under different irrigation regimes (irrigation after 60, 120, and 180 mm of evaporation from Class A pan as well-watered, mild, and severe stress, respectively)...
August 2017: Mycorrhiza
Cyrielle Corbin, Samantha Drouet, Ivan Mateljak, Lucija Markulin, Cédric Decourtil, Sullivan Renouard, Tatiana Lopez, Joël Doussot, Frédéric Lamblin, Daniel Auguin, Eric Lainé, Elisabeth Fuss, Christophe Hano
This study provides new insights into the biosynthesis regulation and in planta function of the lignan yatein in flax leaves. Pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductases (PLR) catalyze the conversion of pinoresinol into secoisolariciresinol (SECO) in lignan biosynthesis. Several lignans are accumulated in high concentrations, such as SECO accumulated as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) in seeds and yatein in aerial parts, in the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum L.) from which two PLR enzymes of opposite enantioselectivity have been isolated...
April 27, 2017: Planta
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