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IGF-1 and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936751/guidelines-versus-real-life-practice-the-case-of-colonoscopy-in-acromegaly
#1
M Parolin, F Dassie, L Russo, S Mazzocut, M Ferrata, E De Carlo, R Mioni, F Fallo, R Vettor, C Martini, P Maffei
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate guideline application and colonoscopy findings in real-life practice in acromegaly. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational non-interventional and cross-sectional analysis on 146 patients with acromegaly (ACRO) referred to our clinic. We evaluated colonoscopy data, focusing on the correlation between colonoscopy findings and hormonal/metabolic values. RESULTS: The total number of colonoscopies performed in ACRO patients increased from 6 in the period 1990-1994 to 57 in the period 2010-2014...
September 21, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934637/igf-system-targeted-therapy-therapeutic-opportunities-for-ovarian-cancer
#2
REVIEW
J A L Liefers-Visser, R A M Meijering, A K L Reyners, A G J van der Zee, S de Jong
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system comprises multiple growth factor receptors, including insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R), insulin receptor (IR) -A and -B. These receptors are activated upon binding to their respective growth factor ligands, IGF-I, IGF-II and insulin, and play an important role in development, maintenance, progression, survival and chemotherapeutic response of ovarian cancer. In many pre-clinical studies anti-IGF-1R/IR targeted strategies proved effective in reducing growth of ovarian cancer models...
September 8, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928383/human-stem-cells-alter-the-invasive-properties-of-somatic-cells-via-paracrine-activation-of-mtorc1
#3
Margit Rosner, Ha Thi Thanh Pham, Richard Moriggl, Markus Hengstschläger
Controlled invasion is essential during many physiological processes, whereas its deregulation is a hallmark of cancer. Here we demonstrate that embryonic, induced pluripotent and amniotic fluid stem cells share the property to induce the invasion of primary somatic cells of various origins through insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)- or II (IGF-II)-mediated paracrine activation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). We propose a model in which downstream of mTORC1 this stem cell-induced invasion is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α)-regulated matrix metalloproteinases...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927111/luteolin-reduces-migration-of-human-glioblastoma-cell-lines-via-inhibition-of-the-p-igf-1r-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#4
Qiang Wang, Handong Wang, Yue Jia, Hui Ding, Li Zhang, Hao Pan
Luteolin (3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone) is a common dietary flavonoid, which has been demonstrated to exert anticancer effects in multiple cancer models. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of luteolin on glioblastoma cell metastasis remain poorly understood. The present study assessed the effects of luteolin in the U251MG and U87MG human glioblastoma cell lines. Luteolin treatment significantly inhibited glioblastoma cell migration, and this effect was associated with downregulated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and upregulated tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927068/microrna-184-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-metastasis-in-human-colorectal-cancer-by-directly-targeting-igf-1r
#5
Guannan Wu, Jiayun Liu, Zhenfeng Wu, Xiaoyu Wu, Xuequan Yao
Colorectal cancer is currently the third most common cancer in males and the second in females worldwide. In spite of marked progress having been achieved in surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the prognosis for patients with colorectal cancer remains poor. Previous studies have demonstrated that the abnormal expression of microRNAs contributed to human cancer carcinogenesis and progression, suggesting miRNAs as novel therapeutic targets in colorectal cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression, functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of microRNA-184 (miR-184) in colorectal cancer...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#6
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915606/proteolytic-cleavages-in-the-extracellular-domain-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-by-membrane-associated-serine-proteases
#7
Li-Mei Chen, Karl X Chai
The epithelial extracellular membrane-associated serine proteases matriptase, hepsin, and prostasin are proteolytic modifying enzymes of the extracellular domain (ECD) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Matriptase also cleaves the ECD of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and the angiopoietin receptor Tie2. In this study we tested the hypothesis that these serine proteases may cleave the ECD of additional receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). We co-expressed the proteases in an epithelial cell line with Her2, Her3, Her4, insulin receptor (INSR), insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-1R), the platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) α and β, or nerve growth factor receptor A (TrkA)...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912847/identification-of-micrornas-involved-in-gefitinib-resistance-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-1-signaling-pathway
#8
Wei Ma, Yanhong Kang, Lanlan Ning, Jie Tan, Hanping Wang, Yi Ying
Multiple clinical and experimental studies have suggested that epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) may be effective at treating advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, the molecular basis of primary resistance to EGFR-TKIs in NSCLC remains unclear. In the current study, the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) gene in the gefitinib-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line A549 (A549/GR) was silenced using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in order to determine the role of microRNA (miRNA) in the development of resistance against epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in lung adenocarcinoma...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911149/insulin-like-growth-factor-bioactivity-stanniocalcin-2-pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-and-igf-binding-protein-4-in-pleural-fluid-and-serum-from-patients-with-pulmonary-disease
#9
Ulrick Skipper Espelund, Mette Bjerre, Rikke Hjortebjerg, Torben Riis Rasmussen, Anders Lundby, Andreas Hoeflich, Birgitte Holst Folkersen, Claus Oxvig, Jan Frystyk
Context: Members of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system are primarily produced in the liver and secreted into the circulation, but they are also produced, recruited, and activated locally in tissues. Objective: To compare activity and concentrations of IGF system components in pleural fluid and blood. Design: Pathological pleural fluid, secondary to lung cancer or nonmalignant disease, and matching blood samples were collected from 24 patients ages 66...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904060/early-exposure-to-a-high-fat-high-sugar-diet-increases-the-mammary-stem-cell-compartment-and-mammary-tumor-risk-in-female-mice
#10
Isabel U Lambertz, Linjie Luo, Thomas R Berton, Scott L Schwartz, Stephen D Hursting, Claudio J Conti, Robin Fuchs-Young
Obesity and alterations in metabolic programming from early diet exposures can affect the propensity to disease in later life. Through dietary manipulation, developing mouse pups were exposed to a hyperinsulinemic, hyperglycemic milieu during three developmental phases: gestation, lactation and post-weaning. Analyses showed that a post-weaning high fat/high sugar (HF/HS) diet had the main negative effect on adult body weight, glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. However, dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced carcinogenesis revealed that animals born to a mother fed a HF/HS gestation diet, nursed by a mother on a mildly diet-restricted, low fat/low sugar diet (DR) and weaned onto a HF/HS diet (HF/DR/HF) had the highest mammary tumor incidence, while HF/HF/DR had the lowest tumor incidence...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900896/fusion-of-gelonin-and-anti-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-igf-1r-affibody-for-enhanced-brain-cancer-therapy
#11
Songhee Ham, Kyoung Ah Min, Jae Wook Yang, Meong Cheol Shin
Owing to the extraordinary potency in inhibiting protein translation that could eventually lead to apoptosis of tumor cells, ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) such as gelonin have been considered attractive drug candidates for cancer therapy. However, due to several critical obstacles (e.g., severe toxicity issues caused by a lack of selectivity in their mode of action and the low cytotoxicity via poor cellular uptake, etc.), clinical application of RIPs is yet far from being accomplished. To overcome these challenges, in the present study, we engineered gelonin fusion proteins with anti-insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) affibody ("IAFF") via the genetic recombinant method and the SpyCatcher/SpyTag-mediated conjugation method...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900330/role-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptors-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-proteins-in-ovarian-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Periyasamy Amutha, Thangarajan Rajkumar
Insulin and IGFs play an important role in cancer initiation and progression, including ovarian cancer (OC). Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most frequent type of OC in women and it is the most lethal gynecological malignancy worldwide. Generally, insulin is associated with metabolism, whereas Insulin like growth factors (IGFs) are involved in cell proliferation. Hence, Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) determines the bioavailability of IGFs in circulation. The interplay between these molecules such as insulin, IGFs, IGFBPs and insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R) may be crucial for ovarian cancer cell biology and cancer progression...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895413/the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-cbl-b-inhibits-tumor-growth-in-multidrug-resistant-gastric-and-breast-cancer-cells
#13
X Che, Y Zhang, X Qu, T Guo, Y Ma, C Li, Y Fan, K Hou, Y Cai, R Yu, H Zhou, X He, H Wu, Y Liu, L Xu
Most receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) contribute to tumor growth, and their ubiquitination and degradation is related to the inhibition of tumor growth. Our previous study showed that the ubiquitin ligase Cbl-b was expressed at low levels in multidrug-resistant (MDR) gastric cancer cells compared with their parental cells. However, whether enhancement of Cbl-b expression in MDR cancer cells could prevent tumor proliferation via ubiquitination and degradation of RTK remains unclear. In the present study, Cbl-b overexpression reduced cell proliferation in MDR gastric and breast cancer cells, and effectively inhibited tumor growth in vivo...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891980/sinomenine-hydrochloride-inhibits-human-glioblastoma-cell-growth-through-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-and-autophagy-lysosome-pathway-activation-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#14
Yumao Jiang, Yue Jiao, Zhiguo Wang, Tao Li, Yang Liu, Yujuan Li, Xiaoliang Zhao, Danqiao Wang
Glioblastoma is the most common malignant primary brain tumor, and it is one of the causes of cancer fatality in both adult and pediatric populations. Patients with glioblastoma require chemotherapy after surgical resection and radiotherapy. Therefore, chemotherapy constitutes a viable approach for the eradication of glioblastoma cells. In this study, the anti-tumor activity of sinomenine hydrochloride (SH) was evaluated in U87 and SF767 cells in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that SH potently inhibited U87 and SF767 cell viability and did not cause caspase-dependent cell death, as demonstrated by the absence of significant early apoptosis and caspase-3 cleavage...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881863/disrupting-igf-signaling-in-adult-mice-conditions-leanness-resilient-energy-metabolism-and-high-growth-hormone-pulses
#15
Jean-Christophe François, Saba Aïd, Zayna Chaker, Philippe Lacube, Jie Xu, Racha Fayad, Francine Côté, Patrick Even, Martin Holzenberger
Growth hormone (GH) and insulinlike growth factor (IGF) promote aging and age-related pathologies. Inhibiting this pathway by targeting IGF receptor (IGF-1R) is a promising strategy to extend life span, alleviate age-related diseases, and reduce tumor growth. Although anti-IGF-1R agents are being developed, long-term effects of IGF-1R blockade remain unknown. In this study, we used ubiquitous inducible IGF-1R knockout (UBIKOR) to suppress signaling in all adult tissues and screened health extensively. Surprisingly, UBIKOR mice showed no overt defects and presented with rather inconspicuous health, including normal cognition...
July 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878670/daf-16-foxo-transcription-factor-in-aging-and-longevity
#16
REVIEW
Xiaojuan Sun, Wei-Dong Chen, Yan-Dong Wang
Aging is associated with age-related diseases and an increase susceptibility of cancer. Dissecting the molecular mechanisms that underlie aging and longevity would contribute to implications for preventing and treating the age-dependent diseases or cancers. Multiple signaling pathways such as the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway, TOR signaling, AMPK pathway, JNK pathway and germline signaling have been found to be involved in aging and longevity. And DAF-16/FOXO, as a key transcription factor, could integrate different signals from these pathways to modulate aging, and longevity via shuttling from cytoplasm to nucleus...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873464/direct-integrin-binding-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-through-the-c-domain-is-required-for-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-type-1-igf1r-signaling
#17
Dora Maria Cedano Prieto, Yushen Cheng, Chih-Chieh Chang, Jessica Yu, Yoko K Takada, Yoshikazu Takada
We have reported that integrins crosstalk with growth factors through direct binding to growth factors (e.g., fibroblast growth factor-1, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), neuregulin-1, fractalkine) and subsequent ternary complex formation with cognate receptor [e.g., integrin/IGF1/IGF1 receptor (IGF1R)]. IGF1 and IGF2 are overexpressed in cancer and major therapeutic targets. We previously reported that IGF1 binds to integrins ανβ3 and α6β4, and the R36E/R37E mutant in the C-domain of IGF1 is defective integrin binding and signaling functions of IGF1, and acts as an antagonist of IGF1R...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871113/trib3-inhibits-proliferation-and-promotes-osteogenesis-in-hbmscs-by-regulating-the-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#18
Cui Zhang, Fan-Fan Hong, Cui-Cui Wang, Liang Li, Jian-Ling Chen, Fei Liu, Ren-Fu Quan, Jin-Fu Wang
Osteogenic differentiation in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) is regulated by various factors, including bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), Notch, growth hormones and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3), a pseudokinase, plays an important role in cancer cells and adipocytes. However, TRIB3 function in osteogenic differentiation is unknown, although it is involved in regulating signaling pathways associated with osteogenic differentiation. Here, we found that TRIB3 was highly expressed during osteogenic differentiation in hBMSCs...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854595/dormancy-and-activation-of-human-oocytes-from-primordial-and-primary-follicles-molecular-clues-to-oocyte-regulation
#19
E H Ernst, M L Grøndahl, S Grund, K Hardy, A Heuck, L Sunde, S Franks, C Y Andersen, P Villesen, K Lykke-Hartmann
STUDY QUESTION: Do specific transcriptome dynamics in human oocytes from primordial and primary follicles identify novel pathways in oocyte activation? SUMMARY ANSWER: The transcriptomic profiles in oocytes from primordial and primary follicles, respectively, revealed several new canonical pathways as putative mediators of oocyte dormancy and activation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cellular signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT and AKT/mTOR as well as TGF-β and IGF signaling are known to regulate the primordial-to-primary transition in mammalian follicle development...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821609/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-signalling-is-essential-for-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-mitophagy-in-cancer-cells
#20
Amy Lyons, Michael Coleman, Sarah Riis, Cedric Favre, Ciara H O'Flanagan, Alexander V Zhdanov, Dmitri B Papkovsky, Stephen D Hursting, Rosemary O'Connor
Mitochondrial activity and metabolic reprogramming influence the phenotype of cancer cells and resistance to targeted therapy. We previously established that an Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1)-inducible mitochondrial UTP carrier (PNC1/SLC25A33) promotes cell growth. This prompted us to investigate whether IGF signaling is essential for mitochondrial maintenance in cancer cells, and whether this contributes to therapy resistance. Here, we show that IGF-1 stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis in a range of cell lines...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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