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Phytoremediation of heavy metal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717650/removal-of-cu-zn-pb-and-cr-from-yangtze-estuary-using-the-phragmites-australis-artificial-floating-wetlands
#1
Xiaofeng Huang, Feng Zhao, Gao Yu, Chao Song, Zhi Geng, Ping Zhuang
Contamination of heavy metals would threaten the water and soil resources; phytoremediation can be potentially used to remediate metal contaminated sites. We constructed the Phragmites australis artificial floating wetlands outside the Qingcaosha Reservoir in the Yangtze Estuary. Water characteristic variables were measured in situ by using YSI Professional Pro Meter. Four heavy metals (copper, zinc, lead, and chromium) in both water and plant tissues were determined. Four heavy metals in estuary water were as follows: 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704693/investigation-of-arsenic-accumulation-and-biochemical-response-of-in-vitro-developed-vetiveria-zizanoides-plants
#2
Shraddha Singh, Suvarna Sounderajan, Kiran Kumar, D P Fulzele
Vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanoides L. Nash) is found to be a suitable candidate for the phytoremediation of heavy metals. An investigation of arsenic (As) accumulation, translocation and tolerance was conducted in V. zizanoides plantlets upon exposure to different concentrations of arsenic (10, 50, 100 and 200µM) for 7 and 14 d. V. zizanoides plants were found effective in remediation of As, maximum being at 200µM after 14 d of exposure. The results of TBARS and photosynthetic pigments demonstrated that plants did not experience significant toxicity at all the concentrations of As after 7 days, however an increase in their level was found after 14 d...
July 10, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699782/bacterial-siderophores-promote-plant-growth-screening-of-catechol-and-hydroxamate-siderophores
#3
Anna Grobelak, Joanna Hiller
The aim of the study was to determine the quality and quantity of siderophores produced by bacteria isolated from plants' roots. The second aim was to determine the effect of siderophores on plants growth (Festuca rubra L. and Brassica napus L.). The study was carried out using bacteria isolated from roots of: Arabidopsis thaliana L., F. rubra, and Agrostis capillaris L., growing on the heavy metals contaminated area. The chrome azurol sulfonate (CAS) test, Arnow's test for catechol siderophores, and Csaksy's test for hydroxamate siderophores were performed...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689290/ricinus-communis-l-castor-bean-as-a-potential-candidate-for-revegetating-industrial-waste-contaminated-sites-in-peri-urban-greater-hyderabad-remarks-on-seed-oil
#4
Ravi Kiran Boda, Narasimha Vara Prasad Majeti, Sateesh Suthari
Ricinus communis L. (castor bean or castor oil plant) was found growing on metal-contaminated sites (4) of peri-urban Greater Hyderabad comprises of erstwhile industrial areas viz Bollaram, Patancheru, Bharatnagar, and Kattedan industrial areas. During 2013-2017, about 60 research papers have appeared focusing the role of castor bean in phytoremediation of co-contaminated soils, co-generation of biomaterials, and environmental cleanup, as bioenergy crop and sustainable development. The present study is focused on its use as a multipurpose phytoremediation crop for phytostabilization and revegetation of waste disposed peri-urban contaminated soils...
July 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686889/serpentine-endophytic-bacterium-pseudomonas-azotoformans-ass1-accelerates-phytoremediation-of-soil-metals-under-drought-stress
#5
Ying Ma, Mani Rajkumar, António Moreno, Chang Zhang, Helena Freitas
This study evaluates the potential of serpentine endophytic bacterium to foster phytoremediation efficiency of Trifolium arvense grown on multi-metal (Cu, Zn and Ni) contaminated soils under drought stress. A drought resistant endophytic bacterial strain ASS1 isolated from the leaves of Alyssum serpyllifolium grown in serpentine soils was identified as Pseudomonas azotoformans based on biochemical tests and partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. P. azotoformans ASS1 possessed abiotic stress resistance (heavy metals, drought, salinity, antibiotics and extreme temperature) and plant growth promoting (PGP) properties (phosphate solubilization, nitrogen fixation, production of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase, siderophore and ammonia)...
July 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681323/hyperaccumulator-straw-improves-the-cadmium-phytoextraction-efficiency-of-emergent-plant-nasturtium-officinale
#6
Keqiang Li, Lijin Lin, Jin Wang, Hui Xia, Dong Liang, Xun Wang, Ming'an Liao, Li Wang, Li Liu, Cheng Chen, Yi Tang
With the development of economy, the heavy metal contamination has become an increasingly serious problem, especially the cadmium (Cd) contamination. The emergent plant Nasturtium officinale R. Br. is a Cd-accumulator with low phytoremediation ability. To improve Cd phytoextraction efficiency of N. officinale, the straw from Cd-hyperaccumulator plants Youngia erythrocarpa, Galinsoga parviflora, Siegesbeckia orientalis, and Bidens pilosa was applied to Cd-contaminated soil and N. officinale was then planted; the study assessed the effect of hyperaccumulator straw on the growth and Cd accumulation of N...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681304/roots-alterations-in-presence-of-phenanthrene-may-limit-co-remediation-implementation-with-noccaea-caerulescens
#7
Ivan Zelko, Stéphanie Ouvrard, Catherine Sirguey
Co-phytoremediation of both trace elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is an emerging technique to treat multi-contaminated soils. In this study, root morphological and structural features of the heavy metal hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens, exposed to a model PAH phenanthrene (PHE) in combination with cadmium (Cd), were observed. In vitro cultivated seedlings were exposed to 2 mM of PHE and/or 5 μM of Cd for 1 week. Co-phytoremediation effectiveness appeared restricted because of a serious inhibition (about 40%) of root and shoot biomass production in presence of PHE, while Cd had no significant adverse effect on these parameters...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678620/phytoextraction-of-55-year-old-wastewater-irrigated-soil-in-a-zn-pb-mine-district-effect-of-plant-species-and-chelators
#8
YiPing Tai, YuFen Yang, ZhiAn Li, Yang Yang, JiaXi Wang, Ping Zhuang, Bi Zou
Untreated water from mining sites spreads heavy metal contamination. The present study assessed the phytoextraction performance of heavy metal accumulating plants and the effects of chemical chelators on cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) removal from paddy fields that have been continuously irrigated with mining wastewater from mines for 55 years. Outdoor pot experiments showed that the total Pb, Zn, and Cd content was lower in the rhizosphere soil of Amaranthus hypochondriacus than in that of Sedum alfredii, Solanum nigrum, and Sorghum bicolor...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674257/a-novel-role-of-merc-in-methylmercury-transport-and-phytoremediation-of-methylmercury-contamination
#9
Yuka Sone, Shimpei Uraguchi, Yasukazu Takanezawa, Ryosuke Nakamura, Hidemitsu Pan-Hou, Masako Kiyono
MerC, encoded by merC in the transposon Tn21 mer operon, is a heavy metal transporter with potential applications for phytoremediation of heavy metals such as mercuric ion and cadmium. In this study, we demonstrate that MerC also acts as a transporter for methylmercury. When MerC was expressed in Escherichia coli XL1-Blue, cells became hypersensitive to CH3Hg(I) and the uptake of CH3Hg(I) by these cells was higher than that by cells of the isogenic strain. Moreover, transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing bacterial MerC or MerC fused to plant soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) accumulated CH3Hg(I) effectively and their growth was comparable to the wild-type plants...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667860/poplar-response-to-cadmium-and-lead-soil-contamination
#10
Ivana Radojčić Redovniković, Alessandra De Marco, Chiara Proietti, Karla Hanousek, Marija Sedak, Nina Bilandžić, Tamara Jakovljević
An outdoor pot experiment was designed to study the potential of poplar (Populus nigra 'Italica') in phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). Poplar was treated with a combination of different concentrations of Cd (w = 10, 25, 50mgkg(-1) soil) and Pb (400, 800, 1200mgkg(-1) soil) and several physiological and biochemical parameters were monitored including the accumulation and distribution of metals in different plant parts (leaf, stem, root). Simultaneously, the changes in the antioxidant system in roots and leaves were monitored to be able to follow synergistic effects of both heavy metals...
June 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664493/assessment-of-pb-and-pyrene-accumulation-in-scirpus-triqueter-assisted-by-combined-alkyl-polyglucoside-and-nitrilotriacetic-acid-application
#11
Tingru Chen, Xiaoyan Liu, Xinying Zhang, Xiaoxin Hu, Liya Cao
To understand the accumulation and uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals by plants is an important part of the assessment of phytoremediation for PAHs and heavy metals co-contaminated soil. This study was an investigation of the accumulation and uptake of pyrene and lead (Pb) by Scirpus triqueter under the condition of alkyl polyglucoside (APG) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) combined application. The results indicated that the accumulation of Pb by S. triqueter was significantly improved by NTA and APG addition into the soil...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639015/phytoextraction-of-pb-cr-ni-and-zn-using-the-aquatic-plant-limnobium-laevigatum-and-its-potential-use-in-the-treatment-of-wastewater
#12
Daniela Silvina Arán, Carlos Alfredo Harguinteguy, Alicia Fernandez-Cirelli, María Luisa Pignata
In order to study the bioaccumulation of Pb, Cr, Ni, and Zn and the stress response, the floating aquatic plant Limnobium laevigatum was exposed to increasing concentrations of a mixture of these metals for 28 days, and its potential use in the treatment of wastewater was evaluated. The metal concentrations of the treatment 1 (T1) were Pb 1 μg L(-1), Cr 4 μg L(-1), Ni 25 μg L(-1), and Zn 30 μg L(-1); of treatment 2 (T2) were Pb 70 μg L(-1), Cr 70 μg L(-1), Ni 70 μg L(-1), and Zn 70 μg L(-1); and of treatment 3 (T3) were Pb 1000 μg L(-1), Cr 1000 μg L(-1), Ni 500 μg L(-1), and Zn 100 μg L(-1), and there was also a control group (without added metal)...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624942/toxicity-of-56-substances-to-trees
#13
Lauge Peter Westergaard Clausen, Stefan Trapp
Toxicity data of substances to higher plants is needed for the purpose of risk assessment, site evaluation, phytoremediation, and plant protection. However, the results from the most common phytotoxicity tests, like the OECD algae and Lemna test, are not necessarily valid for higher terrestrial plants. The willow tree toxicity test uses inhibition of transpiration (aside of growth and water use efficiency) of willow cuttings grown in spiked solutions or soils as end point to quantify toxicity. This overview presents results from 60 studies including 24 new unpublished experiments for 56 different chemicals or substrates...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623832/a-review-on-in-situ-phytoremediation-of-mine-tailings
#14
REVIEW
Li Wang, Bin Ji, Yuehua Hu, Runqing Liu, Wei Sun
Mine tailings are detrimental to natural plant growth due to their physicochemical characteristics, such as high pH, high salinity, low water retention capacity, high heavy metal concentrations, and deficiencies in soil organic matter and fertility. Thus, the remediation of mine tailings has become a key issue in environmental science and engineering. Phytoremediation, an in situ cost-effective technology, is emerging as the most promising remediation method for mine tailings by introducing tolerant plant species...
June 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623746/electrokinetic-enhanced-ryegrass-cultures-in-soils-polluted-with-organic-and-inorganic-compounds
#15
Gustavo Acosta-Santoyo, Claudio Cameselle, Erika Bustos
The effect of electric fields on seed germination and development of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) was studied in clean and contaminated soil with heavy metals and/or PAHs. The application of 0.2 DCV/cm in clean soil near ryegrass seeds enhanced the germination by 75%. The presence of contaminants in soil hindered the germination and growing of ryegrass. However, the application of DC electric field favored the germination and growing of plants compensating the negative effects of the contaminants. The electrode material in anodes has a decisive influence in the germination and growing of ryegrass...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605844/combination-of-aquatic-species-and-safeners-improves-the-remediation-of-copper-polluted-water
#16
Ivan Panfili, Maria Luce Bartucca, Eleonora Ballerini, Daniele Del Buono
In the last decades, many anthropogenic activities have resulted in heavy metal contamination of freshwaters and surrounding environments. This poses serious threats to human health. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective technology which is useful for remediating polluted soils and water. Recently, the use of aquatic free-floating plants has been proposed to remediate polluted water. In this context, a study on the capacity of two aquatic plants, Lemna minor (duckweed) and Salvinia auriculata (salvinia), to remediate Cu(+2) (Cu) polluted water was carried out...
June 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593515/cu-resistant-kocuria-sp-crb15-a-potential-pgpr-isolated-from-the-dry-tailing-of-rakha-copper-mine
#17
Arti Hansda, Vipin Kumar, Anshumali
Rhizobacteria may enhance biomass production and heavy metal tolerance of plants under stress conditions. The present study was carried out for isolation of metal-resistant bacteria that can be further utilized for phytoremediation process. A potential metal-resistant strain CRB15 was isolated from rhizospheric region of Saccharum spontaneum that was found to be resistant against Cu (6.29 mM), Zn (3.25 mM), Pb (1.5 mM), Ni (1.25 mM), and Cd (0.25 mM). SEM analysis was performed for evaluation of morphological changes on bacterial isolate...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582748/mediational-influence-of-spent-mushroom-compost-on-phytoremediation-of-black-oil-hydrocarbon-polluted-soil-and-response-of-megathyrsus-maximus-jacq
#18
Michael Dare Asemoloye, Segun Gbolagade Jonathan, Adeniyi A Jayeola, Rafiq Ahmad
Ability of a plant to develop different adaptive strategies can also determine its capability for effective soil remediation. In this study, influence of spent mushroom compost (SMC) was tested on the phytoremediation of black oil hydrocarbon polluted soil and the response of Megathyrsus maximus (guinea grass). Studies were carried out in microcosm conditions by mixing different concentration of SMC viz., 10, 20, 30 and 40% in a 5 kg of contaminated soil along with control. Seeds of M. maximus was sown in tray for two weeks and allowed to grow for height of 10 cm and transplanted in to the different experimental pots...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551581/remediation-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-soils-by-using-solanum-nigrum-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Yong Sik Ok, Wajid Ishaque, Saifullah, Muhammad Farrakh Nawaz, Fatima Akmal, Maqsooda Waqar
Heavy metals are among the major environmental pollutants and the accumulation of these metals in soils is of great concern in agricultural production due to the toxic effects on crop growth and food quality. Phytoremediation is a promising technique which is being considered as an alternative and low-cost technology for the remediation of metal-contaminated soils. Solanum nigrum is widely studied for the remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils owing to its ability for metal uptake and tolerance. S. nigrum can tolerate excess amount of certain metals through different mechanism including enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes and metal deposition in non-active parts of the plant...
May 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532161/modelling-of-phytoextraction-efficiency-of-microbially-stimulated-salix-dasyclados-l-in-the-soils-with-different-speciation-of-heavy-metals
#20
Michał Złoch, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Jarosław Tyburski, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz
Bioaugmentation of soils with selected microorganisms during phytoextraction can be the key solution, but the actual efficacy of this technology should be confirmed for different physicochemical soil parameters and heavy metal availability to guarantee the universality of this method. Equally important is development of the accurate prediction tool to manage phytoremediation process.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the role of three metalotolerant siderophore-producing Streptomyces sp. B1-B3 strains in the phytoremediation of heavy metals with the use of S...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
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