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Biochar application to soil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666898/citrus-epicarp-derived-biochar-reduced-cd-uptake-and-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-in-young-abelmoschus-esculentus-l-moench-okra-under-low-cd-stress
#1
Clement O Ogunkunle, Mayank Varun, Iyanuoluwa G Ogundele, Kehinde S Olorunmaiye, Manoj S Paul
Due to the important role of biochar (BC) in reducing metal-toxicity in plants, this study was aimed at assessing the potential of citrus epicarp-derived BC in ameliorating Cd toxicity in young Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) under low Cd toxicity. Okra was grown in soil amended with BC at four treatment levels for 49 days as follows: control (A), sole 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil (B), 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil + 1% BC (C) and 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil + 3% BC (D). The results showed a dose-dependent reduction in shoot accumulation of Cd due to the BC application...
April 17, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649736/impacts-of-biochar-and-oyster-shells-waste-on-the-immobilization-of-arsenic-in-highly-contaminated-soils
#2
Yongshan Chen, Jinghua Xu, Zhengyong Lv, Ruijia Xie, Liumei Huang, Jinping Jiang
Soil contamination is a serious problem with deleterious impacts on global sustainability. Readily available, economic, and highly effective technologies are therefore urgently needed for the rehabilitation of contaminated sites. In this study, two readily available materials prepared from bio-wastes, namely biochar and oyster shell waste, were evaluated as soil amendments to immobilize arsenic in a highly As-contaminated soil (up to 15,000 mgAs/kg). Both biochar and oyster shell waste can effectively reduce arsenic leachability in acid soils...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627960/reduced-bioavailability-and-plant-uptake-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-from-soil-slurry-amended-with-biochars-pyrolyzed-under-various-temperatures
#3
Xiaomin Zhu, Yinshan Wang, Yuecan Zhang, Baoliang Chen
Biochar has high potential for organic pollutant immobilization due to its powerful sorption capacity. Nevertheless, potential risks may exist when biochar-sorbed organic pollutants are bioavailable. A direct plant exposure assay in combination with an organic solvent extraction experiment was carried out in this study to investigate the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with the application of pine needle biochars pyrolyzed under different temperatures (100, 300, 400, and 700 °C; referred as P100-P700 accordingly)...
April 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589048/efficiency-of-c3-and-c4-plant-derived-biochar-for-cd-mobility-nutrient-cycling-and-microbial-biomass-in-contaminated-soil
#4
Saqib Bashir, Muhammad Shaaban, Sajid Mehmood, Jun Zhu, Qingling Fu, Hongqing Hu
Biochar is considered a novel soil amendment to reduce metal mobility, but its influence on soil chemical and biochemical properties is not fully understood. In the present study, biochar derived from rice straw (RSB), rice hull (RHB), and maize stover (MSB) was used to evaluate comparative efficiency on Cd mobility and soil biochemical properties. Ammonium nitrate extractable Cd significantly decreased among all the applied biochar types and application rates. The European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) technique showed significant decrease in acid-soluble Cd by 24%-32%, 19%-23%, and 22%-27% for RSB, RHB, and MSB, respectively at the 1...
March 27, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582322/remediation-of-cadmium-contaminated-water-and-soil-using-vinegar-residue-biochar
#5
Yuxin Li, Guangpeng Pei, Xianliang Qiao, Yuen Zhu, Hua Li
This study investigated a new biochar produced from vinegar residue that could be used to remediate cadmium (Cd)-contaminated water and soil. Aqueous solution adsorption and soil incubation experiments were performed to investigate whether a biochar prepared at 700 °C from vinegar residue could efficiently adsorb and/or stabilize Cd in water and soil. In the aqueous solution adsorption experiment, the Cd adsorption process was best fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm models. If the optimum parameters were used, i...
March 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579677/humic-substances-their-microbial-interactions-and-effects-on-biological-transformations-of-organic-pollutants-in-water-and-soil-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Ewa Lipczynska-Kochany
Depicted as large polymers by the traditional model, humic substances (HS) tend to be considered resistant to biodegradation. However, HS should be regarded as supramolecular associations of rather small molecules. There is evidence that they can be degraded not only by aerobic but also by anaerobic bacteria. HS presence alters biological transformations of organic pollutants in water and soil. HS, including humin, have a great potential for an application in aerobic and anaerobic wastewater treatment as well as in bioremediation...
March 17, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571379/cost-effective-and-practically-viable-oil-spillage-mitigation-comprehensive-study-with-biochar
#7
Ramesh Kandanelli, Lavanya Meesala, Jatin Kumar, Chinthalapati Siva Kesava Raju, V C Rao Peddy, Sriganesh Gandham, Pramod Kumar
Biochar is carbonaceous mass that is produced from pyrolysis or gasification of biomass. It is so far majorly explored for soil remediation application, but recently it has attracted a lot of interest because of its unexplored applications in the area of adsorption. In this work, detailed study on biochars produced from two different feeds (rice husk and saw dust), at two different temperatures (450 and 550°C) and two different rates (fast and slow) of pyrolysis are discussed for oil spill mitigation. Biochar is characterized in detail by various techniques such as FTIR,13 C CPMAS, FESEM, RAMAN, TGA to determine the structural composition and observe the extent of pyrolysis...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560477/influence-of-pruning-waste-biochar-and-oyster-shell-on-n-2-o-and-co-2-emissions-from-japanese-pear-orchard-soil
#8
Aung Zaw Oo, Shigeto Sudo, Khin Thuzar Win, Akira Shibata, Takeru Gonai
Two incubation experiments were conducted under controlled moisture and temperature conditions to determine the effects of soil amendment treatments based on pruning waste biochar and oyster shell, on N2 O and CO2 emissions from an orchard soil. In experiment 1, four treatments were tested including, control (CK), pruning waste biochar at 2% (B2%), at 10% (B10%), and oyster shell (OS), mixed with soil from two different depths, namely, from the 0-5 cm and the 0-10 cm layers. In experiment 2, only the 0-10 cm soil layer was used to study the effect of surface application of pruning waste biochar (B2% and B10%) on soil N2 O and CO2 emissions...
March 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554732/metal-loid-immobilization-in-soils-with-biochars-pyrolyzed-in-n-2-and-co-2-environments
#9
Avanthi Deshani Igalavithana, Xiao Yang, Hilda Rizkia Zahra, Filip M G Tack, Daniel C W Tsang, Eilhann E Kwon, Yong Sik Ok
Previous studies indicated that using CO2 as a reaction agent in the pyrolysis of biomass led to an enhanced generation of syngas via direct reaction between volatile organic carbons (VOCs) evolved from the thermal degradation of biomass and CO2 . In addition, the physico-chemical properties of biochar in CO2 were modified. In this current study, biochars generated from red pepper stalks in N2 and CO2 (RPS-N and RPS-C, respectively) were tested for their effects on the immobilization of Pb, Cd, Zn, and As in contaminated soils...
March 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541923/do-biochars-influence-the-availability-and-human-oral-bioaccessibility-of-cd-pb-and-zn-in-a-contaminated-slightly-alkaline-soil
#10
Adeline Janus, Christophe Waterlot, Sophie Heymans, Christophe Deboffe, Francis Douay, Aurélie Pelfrêne
Different remediation techniques have been used to restore metal-contaminated sites, including stabilizing metals by adding amendments to the soils. This study experimented three biochars, made from wood and miscanthus, cultivated on contaminated and uncontaminated soils, used as amendments at a 2% application rate on a metal-contaminated soil for 9 months in laboratory-controlled conditions. The objective was to evaluate whether biochars were able to decrease the availability and human oral bioaccessibility of metals in an alkaline soil...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539595/distinct-effects-of-struvite-and-biochar-amendment-on-the-class-1-integron-antibiotic-resistance-gene-cassettes-in-phyllosphere-and-rhizosphere
#11
Xin-Li An, Qing-Lin Chen, Dong Zhu, Jian-Qiang Su
Struvite recovered from wastewater is promising for recycling phosphorus into soil as fertilizers. However, struvite application may prompt the proliferation of antibiotic resistance in soil and plant. This study examined the impacts of struvite application and biochar amendment on integrons abundance and gene cassette contexts in rhizosphere soil and phyllosphere using quantitative PCR and clone library analysis. Microcosm experiments revealed that class 1 integron was the most prevalent in all samples, with higher concentration and higher relative abundance in rhizosphere than those in phyllosphere...
March 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527651/distillers-grains-anaerobic-digestion-residue-biochar-used-for-ammonium-sorption-and-its-effect-on-ammonium-leaching-from-an-ultisol
#12
Xuebo Zheng, Zhiman Yang, Xiaohui Xu, Xiaoshuang Shi, Meng Dai, Rongbo Guo
The aim of this work was to explore the potential application of biochar from distillers' grains anaerobic digestion residue pyrolyzed at 700 °C (ADR-DG700 ) to ammonium (NH4 + ) adsorption from aqueous solution, as well as its effect on NH4 + leaching from an Ultisol. The adsorption kinetic of NH4 + on the ADR-DG700 could be described by an Elovich model (R2  = 0.995), and the combined Langmuir-Freundlich model (R2  = 0.997) fitted the isotherm data better than the Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson, and Temkin models with a maximum adsorption of 11...
March 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525749/minimizing-the-risk-to-human-health-due-to-the-ingestion-of-arsenic-and-toxic-metals-in-vegetables-by-the-application-of-biochar-farmyard-manure-and-peat-moss
#13
Javed Nawab, Junaid Ghani, Sardar Khan, Wang Xiaoping
Mining activity releases toxic metals (TMs) into the soil ecosystem and creates serious problems for the environment and human beings due to their adverse eco-toxilogical impacts. Currently, several remediation techniques can be used to immobilize TMs within contaminated soil. The present study focuses on the application of different organic amendments biochar (B), farmyard manure (FYM) and peat moss (PTM) - at different application rates (1%, 2% and 5%) in mining-impacted agricultural soil to immobilize TMs (Ni, Cr, As, Zn, Cd and Pb) and minimize their bioaccumulation in pea (Pisum sativum) and chili (Capsicum annuum) and the associated human health risk...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525655/assessing-biochar-applications-and-repeated-brassica-juncea-l-production-cycles-to-remediate-cu-contaminated-soil
#14
Maria Isidoria Silva Gonzaga, Cheryl Mackowiak, André Quintão de Almeida, Alberto Wisniewski, Danyelle Figueiredo de Souza, Idamar da Silva Lima, Amanda Nascimento de Jesus
Copper contamination and toxicity in soils is a worldwide problem, especially in areas where copper-based fungicides are applied. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants are used in phytoremediation and are also edible crops commonly cultivated in organic agricultural areas. Application of biochar to Cu contaminated soils may reduce Cu availability and uptake, thereby allowing for greater Indian mustard production. A (3 × 2) + 1) experiment in a randomized complete block design was used to evaluate the effect of three different biochars (coconut shell, orange bagasse and sewage sludge) and two application rates (30 and 60 t ha-1 ) on Cu uptake by Indian mustard during three successive growth cycles and Cu immobilization in soil, under greenhouse conditions...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520552/biochar-application-increases-sorption-of-nitrification-inhibitor-3-4-dimethylpyrazole-phosphate-in-soil
#15
Katharina M Keiblinger, Franz Zehetner, Axel Mentler, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern
Biochar (BC) application to soils is of growing interest as a strategy to improve soil fertility and mitigate climate change. However, BC-induced alterations in the soil N cycle are currently under debate. BC has recently been shown to accelerate the emissions of N2 O via the biotic ammonium oxidation pathway, which results in lower nitrogen use efficiency and environmentally harmful losses of NO3 and/ or N2 O. To avoid these potential losses, the use of nitrification inhibitor (NI) could provide a useful mitigation strategy for BC-amended agricultural fields...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518648/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-biochar-amended-soils-long-term-experiments-in-brazilian-tropical-areas
#16
Michele Fabri de Resende, Taila Figueredo Brasil, Beata Emoke Madari, Annibal Duarte Pereira Netto, Etelvino Henrique Novotny
The interest in charcoal for agricultural use (biochar) has sharply increased in recent years. However, biochar can contain groups of compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are considered persistent pollutants, and are formed concomitantly with biochar during its production by pyrolysis. Soil samples were collected in three experimental areas at different intervals (1, 3, 5 or 6 years) after the application of 16 Mg ha-1 of biochar. The total concentrations of PAHs; benzo[a]pyrene; and the estimated total cancer risk in biochar treated plots were larger than found in the control ones, but they decreased over time, equaling the control values after three years in the high C content soil (11...
June 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494908/impact-of-sugarcane-bagasse-derived-biochar-on-heavy-metal-availability-and-microbial-activity-a-field-study
#17
Chengrong Nie, Xing Yang, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Xiaoya Xu, Yuhui Wen, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok, Song Xu, Hailong Wang
In the current study, we conducted a field experiment using the test plant, Brassica chinesis L. (pak choi), to investigate the effect of sugarcane bagasse-derived biochar on the bioavailability of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu) and lead (Pb), and the health of soil microbiota in a contaminated soil. Biochar application significantly (P < 0.05) increased pak choi yield. Bioavailability of heavy metals to plant shoots and roots decreased with increasing biochar application rates (at 0, 1.5, 2.25 and 3.0 t ha-1 )...
February 22, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454169/farmyard-manure-alone-and-combined-with-immobilizing-amendments-reduced-cadmium-accumulation-in-wheat-and-rice-grains-grown-in-field-irrigated-with-raw-effluents
#18
Muhammad Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Rizwan, Hinnan Khalid, Shafaqat Ali, Asif Naeem, Balal Yousaf, Guijian Liu, Muhammad Sabir, Muhammad Farooq
Cadmium (Cd) stress is a serious concern in agricultural soils worldwide whereas little is known about the impact of farmyard manure (FYM) alone or combined with limestone, lignite and biochar on Cd concentrations in plants. Wheat was grown in Cd-contaminated field amended with control (T 1 ), FYM @ 0.1% (T 2 ), FYM + limestone @ 0.05% each (T 3 ), FYM + lignite @ 0.05% each (T 4 ), FYM + biochar @ 0.05% each (T 5 ) and subsequent rice was grown without additional use of amendments. Soil application of amendments increased straw and grain yield and thousand grain weight being maximum in FYM + limestone treatment...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433100/microbe-mediated-arsenic-release-from-iron-minerals-and-arsenic-methylation-in-rhizosphere-controls-arsenic-fate-in-soil-rice-system-after-straw-incorporation
#19
Yu-Ping Yang, Hong-Mei Zhang, Hai-Yan Yuan, Gui-Lan Duan, De-Cai Jin, Fang-Jie Zhao, Yong-Guan Zhu
Arsenic (As) contamination is a global problem. Straw incorporation is widely performed in As contaminated paddy fields. To understand how straw and straw biochar incorporation affect As transformation and translocation in the soil-microbe-rice system, a pot experiment was carried out with different dosages of rice straw and straw biochar application. Results showed that both straw biochar and straw application significantly increased As mobility. Straw biochar mobilized As mainly through increasing soil pH and DOM content...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428854/effects-of-application-of-inhibitors-and-biochar-to-fertilizer-on-gaseous-nitrogen-emissions-from-an-intensively-managed-wheat-field
#20
Tiehu He, Deyan Liu, Junji Yuan, Jiafa Luo, Stuart Lindsey, Nanthi Bolan, Weixin Ding
The effects of biochar combined with the urease inhibitor, hydroquinone, and nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide, on gaseous nitrogen (N2O, NO and NH3) emissions and wheat yield were examined in a wheat crop cultivated in a rice-wheat rotation system in the Taihu Lake region of China. Eight treatments comprised N fertilizer at a conventional application rate of 150kgNha-1 (CN); N fertilizer at an optimal application rate of 125kgNha-1 (ON); ON+wheat-derived biochar at rates of 7.5 (ONB1) and 15tha-1 (ONB2); ON+nitrification and urease inhibitors (ONI); ONI+wheat-derived biochar at rates of 7...
February 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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