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Collagen 18

Christian H Roux, Violaine Foltz, Emmanuel Maheu, Gabriel Baron, Frederique Gandjbakhch, Cédric Lukas, Daniel Wendling, Damien Loeuille, Pierre Lafforgue, Liana Euler-Ziegler, Pascal Richette, Xavier Chevalier
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between clinical findings, biologic biomarkers, conventional radiography and MRI in patients with painful hand OA. METHODS: The following patient baseline data from the DORA study (evaluating anti-TNF-α agents against painful hand OA) were used: clinical assessment (pain, swelling, stiffness and function: Dreiser functional hand index [FIHOA] and Cochin hand functional scale [CHFS]); measurement of biomarkers (cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), type IIA collagen N-propeptid (PIINP), hyaluronic acid (HA), ultrasensitive C-reactive protein (usCRP), tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and urinary CTXII); radiological staging (Verbruggen, Kallman, Kellgren-Lawrence); anatomical evaluation by contrast-enhanced MRI of proximal and distal interphalangeal joints of dominant hand...
September 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Hao Zhang, Hua Yue, Chun Wang, Weiwei Hu, Jiemei Gu, Jinwei He, Wenzhen Fu, Yunqiu Hu, Miao Li, Zhenlin Zhang
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by brittle bone fractures. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathogenic gene mutation spectrum and clinical manifestations of mutations in collagen type I, alpha 1 (COL1A1) and collagen type I, alpha 2 (COL1A2) genes in Chinese patients with OI. A total of 61 unrelated Chinese OI patients with COL1A1 and COL1A2 mutations were recruited. All the exons and the exon-intron boundaries of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes were amplified and directly sequenced and lumbar spine bone mineral density was measured by dual‑energy X‑ray absorptiometry...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Rugmani Padmanabhan Iyer, Lisandra E de Castro Brás, Nicolle L Patterson, Manishabrata Bhowmick, Elizabeth R Flynn, Majdouline Asher, Presley L Cannon, Kristine Y Deleon-Pennell, Gregg B Fields, Merry L Lindsey
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is robustly elevated in the first week post-myocardial infarction (MI). Targeted deletion of the MMP-9 gene attenuates cardiac remodeling post-MI by reducing macrophage infiltration and collagen accumulation through increased apoptosis and reduced inflammation. In this study, we used a translational experimental design to determine whether selective MMP-9 inhibition early post-MI would be an effective therapeutic strategy in mice. We enrolled male C57BL/6J mice (3-6months old, n=116) for this study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Omer Karti, Mehmet Ozgur Zengin, Esat Cinar, Merve Tutuncu, Eyyup Karahan, Asl Celik, Cem Kucukerdonmez
PURPOSE: To study the effect of 1- and 6-hour-delayed corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) on wound-healing of experimental alkali burns of the cornea. METHODS: Twenty-four albino rabbits were used. Alkali burns were created using 1 M NaOH. The animals were divided randomly into 2 groups: group 1 (control group, n = 6) and group 2 (experimental group, n = 18). The experimental group was further divided into 3 subgroups as follows: group 2A, untreated (non-CXL) subgroup; group 2B, 1-hour-delayed CXL treatment subgroup; and group 2C, 6-hour-delayed CXL treatment subgroup...
October 12, 2016: Cornea
Ozge Sarac, Mehtap Caglayan, Hasan Basri Cakmak, Nurullah Cagil
PURPOSE: To assess the preoperative patient characteristics that may predict outcomes of keratoconus 2 years after corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in pediatric patients with keratoconus. METHODS: This retrospective study included 72 eyes of 52 consecutive patients with keratoconus under the age of 18 with 2-year follow-up after CXL. Subgroup analysis and cutoff values were determined as per age (<14 and ≥14 years), sex, baseline uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities (UCVA, CDVA; <0...
October 12, 2016: Cornea
Aldo Bonaventura, François Mach, Aline Roth, Sébastien Lenglet, Fabienne Burger, Karim J Brandt, Aldo Pende, Maria Bertolotto, Giovanni Spinella, Bianca Pane, Domenico Palombo, Franco Dallegri, Michele Cea, Nicolas Vuilleumier, Fabrizio Montecucco, Federico Carbone
Serum c-reactive protein (CRP) was suggested for the assessment of intermediate cardiovascular (CV) risk. Here, systemic or intraplaque CRP levels were investigated as predictors of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with severe carotid stenosis. CRP levels were assessed in the serum and within different portions (upstream and downstream) of carotid plaques of 217 patients undergoing endarterectomy. The association between CRP and intraplaque lipids, collagen, neutrophils, smooth muscle cells (SMC), and macrophage subsets was determined...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Akilesh Gokul, Dipika V Patel, Grant A Watters, Charles N J McGhee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine if significant progression of disease occurs in older, non-contact lens wearing, subjects with keratoconus and to identify potential predictive factors. METHODS: Clinical and computerised corneal topography records of subjects with keratoconus attending a specialist optometry practice were retrospectively analysed to identify those aged ≥30 years, with ≥2 consultations ≥12 months apart, no contact lens wear and no corneal scarring, surgery or corneal hydrops...
October 11, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
M Pirro, M R Mannarino, V Bianconi, S De Vuono, A Sahebkar, F Bagaglia, L Franceschini, A M Scarponi, E Mannarino, T Merriman
: The association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial. Fat accumulation is linked to SUA and BMD, thus possibly explaining the mixed results. We found that adiposity drives part of the association between SUA and BMD in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Both positive and negative associations between SUA and BMD have been reported. SUA levels and BMD increase with higher body weight and other indices of adiposity; hence, the association between SUA and BMD might be a consequence of the confounding effect of adiposity...
October 10, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Honglei Guo, Hongmei Li, Lilu Ling, Yong Gu, Wei Ding
Aldosterone (Aldo) is critically involved in the development of renal injury via the production of reactive oxygen species and inflammation. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is also evoked in Aldo-induced renal injury. In the present study, we investigated the role of ER stress in inflammation-mediated renal injury in Aldo-infused mice. C57BL/6J mice were randomized to receive treatment for 4 weeks as follows: vehicle infusion, Aldo infusion, vehicle infusion plus tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), and Aldo infusion plus TUDCA...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Dustin M Lee, Micah L Battson, Dillon K Jarrell, Kimberly Cox-York, Michelle T Foster, Tiffany L Weir, Christopher L Gentile
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a Western diet (WD) and supplementation with Fuzhuan tea on large artery stiffness, as determined by aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV). METHODS: Mice were subjected to a standard diet (SD; n = 12) or WD (n = 10) for 7 mo, and were then separated to receive nonsupplemented drinking water (SD-W and WD-W) or water supplemented with Fuzhuan tea (SD-T and WD-T) (200 mg/kg daily); mice were then maintained on their respective diets for an additional 2 mo...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Massimiliano D'Imperio, Giacomina Brunetti, Isabella Gigante, Francesco Serio, Pietro Santamaria, Angela Cardinali, Silvia Colucci, Fiorenza Minervini
Food industries are increasingly oriented toward new foods to improve nutritional status and/or to combat nutritional deficiency diseases. In this context, silicon biofortification could be an innovative tool for obtaining new foods with possible positive effects on bone mineralization. In this paper, an alternative and quick in vitro approach was applied in order to evaluate the potential health-promoting effects of five silicon-biofortified leafy vegetables (tatsoi, mizuna, purslane, Swiss chard and chicory) on bone mineralization compared with a commercial silicon supplement...
October 3, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Chenguang Gao, Hong Chen, Cong Niu, Jie Hu, Bo Cao
Schizandrin B is extracted from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. This study evaluated the photoprotective effect of Schizandrin B on oxidative stress injury of the skin caused by UVB-irradiation and the molecular mechanism of the photoprotective effect of Schizandrin B, and we firstly found that Schizandrin B could block Cox-2, IL-6 and IL-18 signal pathway to protect damage of skin cells given by UVB-irradiation. In the research, we found that Schizandrin B can attenuate the UVB-induced toxicity on keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts in human body, and can outstandingly eliminated intracellular ROS produced by UVB-irradiation...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Philipp Pieroh, Sebastian Schneider, Uwe Lingslebe, Freddy Sichting, Thomas Wolfskämpf, Christoph Josten, Jörg Böhme, Niels Hammer, Hanno Steinke
BACKGROUND: The ligaments in coherence with the capsule of the hip joint are known to contribute to hip stability. Nevertheless, the contribution of the mechanical properties of the ligaments and gender- or side-specific differences are still not completely clear. To date, comparisons of the hip capsule ligaments to other tissues stabilizing the pelvis and hip joint, e.g. the iliotibial tract, were not performed. MATERIALS & METHODS: Hip capsule ligaments were obtained from 17 human cadavers (9 females, 7 males, 13 left and 8 right sides, mean age 83...
2016: PloS One
João Vicente Machado Grossi, Felipe Fernandes Nicola, Ivan Alberto Zepeda, Martina Becker, Eduardo Neubarth Trindade, Vinicius Von Diemen, Leandro Totti Cavazzola, Manoel Roberto Maciel Trindade
Background: The evaluation of collagen in the abdominal wall has been increasingly studied because of the relevance on collagen in the healing process after laparotomy. Aim: To evaluate the amount of collagen in the linea alba of patients undergoing laparotomic bariatric surgery and comparing with non-obese cadavers. Methods: Were evaluated 88 samples of aponeurosis from abdominal linea alba of 44 obese patients (obesity group) and 44 non-obese cadavers (control group)...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Kai Cui, Yang Luan, Tao Wang, Li Zhuan, Ke Rao, Shao-Gang Wang, Zhang-Qun Ye, Ji-Hong Liu, Dao-Wen Wang
Our previous studies have demonstrated that erectile function was preserved in aged transgenic rats (TGR) harboring the human tissue kallikrein 1 (hKLK1), while the molecular level of hKLK1 on corporal fibrosis to inhibit age-related erectile dysfunction (ED) is poorly understood. Male wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats (WTR) and TGR harboring the hKLK1 gene were fed to 4- or 18-month-old and divided into three groups: young WTR (yWTR) as the control, aged WTR (aWTR), and aged TGR (aTGR). Erectile function of all rats was assessed by cavernous nerve electrostimulation method...
September 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Lisa McAnena, Frank Doyle, Michael O'Keefe
Keratoconus can behave more aggressively in pediatric than in adult patients. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in children. For this study, MEDLINE(®) and Cochrane databases were searched for all studies examining the effects of standard, trans-epithelial or accelerated CXL protocols in patients age 18 years or younger. Primary outcomes were; uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and maximum keratometry (Kmax) and secondary outcomes were; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial cell density (ECD)...
September 28, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
S Ye, B Ju, H Wang, K-B Lee
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a regulatory cytokine that degrades the disc matrix. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) stimulates synthesis of the disc extracellular matrix. However, the combined effects of BMP-2 and IL-18 on human intervertebral disc degeneration have not previously been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the anabolic cytokine BMP-2 and the catabolic cytokine IL-18 on human nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) cells and, therefore, to identify potential therapeutic and clinical benefits of recombinant human (rh)BMP-2 in intervertebral disc degeneration...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Ibrahim Toprak, Volkan Yaylali, Cem Yildirim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of pediatric corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) on corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), maximum keratometry (Kmax), and other Scheimpflug imaging system parameters during 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: The records of 29 eyes of 29 pediatric patients who underwent unilateral CXL treatment for progressive keratoconus were reviewed. Changes in CDVA, Kmax, anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume, anterior chamber angle, pupil-center pachymetry, apical pachymetry, thinnest pachymetry, corneal volume, and topographic indices (index of surface variance [ISV], index of vertical asymmetry [IVA], index of height asymmetry [IHA], keratoconus index [KI], center keratoconus index [CKI], index of height decentration [IHD], and minimum radius of curvature [Rmin]) were analyzed among baseline and 1 and 2 years after the CXL treatment...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Angela P Bastidas-Coral, Astrid D Bakker, Behrouz Zandieh-Doulabi, Cornelis J Kleverlaan, Nathalie Bravenboer, Tim Forouzanfar, Jenneke Klein-Nulend
During the initial stages of bone repair, proinflammatory cytokines are released within the injury site, quickly followed by a shift to anti-inflammatory cytokines. The effect of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines on osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells is controversial. Here, we investigated the effect of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-17F and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-4 on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose stem cells (hASCs). hASCs were treated with TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17F, or IL-4 (10 ng/mL) for 72 h mimicking bone repair...
2016: Stem Cells International
Claudio I Perez, Felipe Mellado, Alex Jones, Ricardo Colvin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to report and evaluate outcomes of trabeculectomy with use of a subconjunctival biodegradable collagen matrix implant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of trabeculectomy with Ologen implant of 65 eyes of 58 patients by the same surgeon from October, 2011 to October, 2014. Exclusion criteria were <6 months of follow-up after surgery, and uveitic or neovascular glaucoma. Demographic characteristics of the study population, visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), glaucoma medications, bleb characteristics, and early and late postoperative complications were recorded...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
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