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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773769/weathering-us-cuba-political-storms-jos%C3%A3-rubiera-phd-cuba-s-chief-weather-forecaster
#1
Gail Reed
Full disclosure: chief weather forecaster is not his official title, but rather one affectionally conferred on Dr Rubiera by the Cuban people, who look to him not only in times of peril, but also to learn about the science of meteorology. Anyone who has taken a taxi in Cuba during hurricane season (June 1 to November 30), and bothered to ask the driver, will receive a clear explanation about how hurricanes are formed, what the Saffir-Simpson scale is all about, and how the season is shaping up-all courtesy of Dr Rubiera's talent for communication during nightly weather forecasts and special broadcasts...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#2
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772074/semi-parametric-methods-of-handling-missing-data-in-mortal-cohorts-under-non-ignorable-missingness
#3
Lan Wen, Shaun R Seaman
We propose semi-parametric methods to model cohort data where repeated outcomes may be missing due to death and non-ignorable dropout. Our focus is to obtain inference about the cohort composed of those who are still alive at any time point (partly conditional inference). We propose: i) an inverse probability weighted method that upweights observed subjects to represent subjects who are still alive but are not observed; ii) an outcome regression method that replaces missing outcomes of subjects who are alive with their conditional mean outcomes given past observed data; and iii) an augmented inverse probability method that combines the previous two methods and is double robust against model misspecification...
May 17, 2018: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770443/the-impact-of-policy-incentives-on-long-term-care-insurance-and-medicaid-costs-does-underwriting-matter
#4
Portia Y Cornell, David C Grabwoski
OBJECTIVE: To test whether underwriting modifies the effect of state-based incentives on individuals' purchase of long-term care insurance. DATA SOURCE: Health and Retirement Study (HRS), 1996-2012. STUDY DESIGN: We estimated difference-in-difference regression models with an interaction of state policy indicators with individuals' probabilities of being approved for long-term care insurance. DATA EXTRACTION: We imputed probabilities of underwriting approval for respondents in the HRS using a model developed with underwriting decisions from two U...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770438/health-insurance-and-poverty-in-trajectories-of-out-of-pocket-expenditure-among-low-income-middle-aged-adults
#5
Eunsun Kwon, Sojung Park, Timothy D McBride
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of longitudinal patterns of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures among low-income late middle-aged adults. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Six waves (2002-2012) of the Health and Retirement Study, in combination with RAND Center for the Study of Aging data, were used. STUDY DESIGN: A random coefficient regression analysis was conducted in a multilevel growth curve framework to estimate the impact of health insurance and poverty on out-of-pocket expenditures...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768559/epidemiological-and-clinical-profile-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-in-the-central-north-area-of-paran%C3%A3-southern-brazil
#6
Aretuza Zaupa Gasparim, Carlos Edmundo Rodrigues Fontes, Diogo Francisco Rossoni, Max Jean de Ornelas Toledo
INTRODUCTION: Profiles of patients with Chagas disease in Paraná were studied. METHODS: A descriptive, questionnaire-based study was performed. RESULTS: Of 270 participants, 64% were female, 60% were aged ≥65 years, 91% were infected via vector transmission, and 44% were infected in Paraná. Indeterminate (30%), cardiac (36%), cardiodigestive (20%) and digestive (14%) forms were found. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who were older than 65 years of age, retired, female, living in the urban area of Maringá, and infected by vector transmission in childhood in Paraná presented cardiac and digestive signs and did not receive etiological treatment when first diagnosed...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768416/poverty-dynamics-poverty-thresholds-and-mortality-an-age-stage-markovian-model
#7
Shayna Fae Bernstein, David Rehkopf, Shripad Tuljapurkar, Carol C Horvitz
Recent studies have examined the risk of poverty throughout the life course, but few have considered how transitioning in and out of poverty shape the dynamic heterogeneity and mortality disparities of a cohort at each age. Here we use state-by-age modeling to capture individual heterogeneity in crossing one of three different poverty thresholds (defined as 1×, 2× or 3× the "official" poverty threshold) at each age. We examine age-specific state structure, the remaining life expectancy, its variance, and cohort simulations for those above and below each threshold...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768108/gender-differences-in-the-effect-of-social-resources-and-social-status-on-the-retirement-satisfaction-and-health-of-retirees
#8
Yihan Wang, Christina Matz-Costa
This study explores the effect of positive and negative social support, social reciprocity, and subjective social status on the retirement satisfaction and health of retirees and gender differences therein. Using cross-sectional data from the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we found that social support seems to matter more for the retirement satisfaction and health of women, while social reciprocity matters more for the health of men and subjective social status for the retirement satisfaction of men...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764398/challenges-and-motivators-to-physical-activity-faced-by-retired-men-when-ageing-a-qualitative-study
#9
Ebba Langum Bredland, Sylvia Söderström, Kjersti Vik
BACKGROUND: Active ageing reflects the message from World Health Organisation about addressing the challenge faced by the rapidly ageing population. Knowledge about barriers and facilitators to an active lifestyle must be given more attention. In addition, men seem to participate less in cultural activities and less in fall-prevention groups than women do. When mostly women work with the elderly in primary care, one might question whether the activities offered to older men meet their activity preferences...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762807/i-really-didn-t-want-to-become-a-doctor-tales-and-musings-from-a-retired-family-doc-after-over-50-plus-years-of-practice
#10
Aimee Burke Valeras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762705/cardiology-in-mekelle-ethiopia-setting-up-a-modern-heart-cath-lab-in-a-university-hospital-in-ethiopia-was-a-5-year-endeavour-for-retired-cardiology-interventionist-christian-leuner-md
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760167/factors-associated-with-pain-and-osteoarthritis-at-the-hip-and-knee-in-great-britain-s-olympians-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Dale J Cooper, Brigitte E Scammell, Mark E Batt, Debbie Palmer
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology and potentially modifiable factors associated with musculoskeletal disease is an important first step in injury prevention among elite athletes. AIM: This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with pain and osteoarthritis (OA) at the hip and knee in Great Britain's (GB) Olympians aged 40 and older. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A survey was distributed to 2742 GB Olympians living in 30 countries...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759158/eus-fna-giving-way-to-fine-needle-biopsy-is-it-time-to-retire-your-old-trusted-needles
#13
EDITORIAL
Ihab I El Hajj, Mohammad Al-Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757444/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-associated-factors-in-recipients-of-solid-organ-transplantation
#14
Edwin J van Adrichem, Rienk Dekker, Wim P Krijnen, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees P van der Schans
Background: Short-term survival after solid-organ transplantation has substantially improved, and the focus has shifted to long-term survival, including the role of physical activity (PA). Knowledge about PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation is limited, and identification of the levels and associated factors is necessary for intervention development. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation and to identify factors associated with these behaviors...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755933/increasing-overweight-and-obesity-erodes-engagement-in-one-s-neighborhood-by-women-but-not-men
#15
Roseanne C Schuster, Seung Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Obesity is socially stigmatized in the U.S., especially for women. Significant research has focused on the role that the social and built environments of neighborhoods play in shaping obesity. However, the role of obesity in shaping neighborhood social structure has been largely overlooked. We test the hypothesis that large body size inhibits an individual's engagement in his or her neighborhood. Our study objectives are to assess if (1) body size (body mass index) interacts with gender to predict engagement in one's neighborhood (neighborhood engagement) and (2) if bonding social capital interacts with gender to predict neighborhood engagement independent of body size...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749117/analysis-of-the-nexus-between-population-water-resources-and-global-food-security-highlights-significance-of-governance-and-research-investments-and-policy-priorities
#16
Isa A M Yunusa, Ayalsew Zerihun, Mark R Gibberd
BACKGROUND: Analyses of sensitivity of Global Food Security (GFS) score to a key set of supply or demand factors often suggest population and water supply as being the most critical and on which policies tend to focus. To explore other policy options, we characterised the nexus between GFS and a set of supply or demand factors including defining including population, agricultural and industrial water-use, agricultural publications (as a surrogate for investment in agricultural research and development [R&D]), and corruption perception index (CPI), to reveal opportunities for attaining enduring GFS...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748824/cross-national-health-comparisons-using-the-rasch-model-findings-from-the-2012-us-health-and-retirement-study-and-the-2012-mexican-health-and-aging-study
#17
Ickpyo Hong, Timothy A Reistetter, Carlos Díaz-Venegas, Alejandra Michaels-Obregon, Rebeca Wong
PURPOSE: Cross-national comparisons of patterns of population aging have emerged as comparable national micro-data have become available. This study creates a metric using Rasch analysis and determines the health of American and Mexican older adult populations. METHODS: Secondary data analysis using representative samples aged 50 and older from 2012 U.S. Health and Retirement Study (n = 20,554); 2012 Mexican Health and Aging Study (n = 14,448). We developed a function measurement scale using Rasch analysis of 22 daily tasks and physical function questions...
May 10, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748807/electric-bicycle-cost-calculation-models-and-analysis-based-on-the-social-perspective-in-china
#18
Xuetong Yan, Jie He, Mark King, Wen Hang, Bojian Zhou
Electric bicycles (EBs) are increasingly popular around the world. In April 2014, EB ownership in China reached 181 million. While some aspects of the impact of EBs have been studied, most of the literature analyzing the cost of EBs has been conducted from the buyer's point of view and the perspective of social cost has not been covered, which is therefore the focus of this paper. From the consumer's point of view, only the costs paid from purchase until retirement are included in the cost of EBs, i.e., the EB acquisition cost, battery replacement cost, charging cost, and repair and maintenance cost are included...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748078/widowhood-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults
#19
Su Hyun Shin, Giyeon Kim, Soohyun Park
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether widowhood status has an effect on cognitive decline among older adults in the United States. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of existing secondary data. SETTING: The 1996-2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6,766 individuals (28,420 observations) aged 50 years and older who responded to all questions. MEASUREMENTS: Widow/widower status, cognitive functioning score, and various covariates...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747288/-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-anemia-in-a-general-population-from-kailuan-in-north-china
#20
J Li, Z F Li, J Y Hou, Y K Lu, X L Zhang, X M Zhang, H R Zou, H Zhang, Y Cui, Y H Xie, B J Lu, P Zhang, J W Wang, L X Zhang
Objective: To analyze the prevalence and risk factors of anemia in a general population in Kailuan. Methods: Working and retired employees in Kailuan Company who had participated in biennial physical examination from 2006-2014 were investigated by questionnaire and blood test. Hemoglobin levels<120 g/L in male and<110 g/L in female are defined as anemia. The trend of prevalence of anemia was analyzed by chi square test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the factors associated with anemia...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
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