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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434029/health-of-midlife-and-older-adults-in-china-the-role-of-regional-economic-development-inequality-and-institutional-setting
#1
Xuejie Ding, Francesco C Billari, Stuart Gietel-Basten
OBJECTIVES: To document the association between economic development, income inequality, and health-related public infrastructure, and health outcomes among Chinese adults in midlife and older age. METHODS: We use a series of multi-level regression models with individual-level baseline data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS). Provincial-level data are obtained both from official statistics and from CHARLS itself. Multi-level models are estimated with different subjective and objective health outcomes...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#2
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431487/design-and-fuzzy-logic-control-of-an-active-wrist-orthosis
#3
Ergin Kilic, Erdi Dogan
People who perform excessive wrist movements throughout the day because of their professions have a higher risk of developing lateral and medial epicondylitis. If proper precautions are not taken against these diseases, serious consequences such as job loss and early retirement can occur. In this study, the design and control of an active wrist orthosis that is mobile, powerful and lightweight is presented as a means to avoid the occurrence and/or for the treatment of repetitive strain injuries in an effective manner...
April 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#4
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429986/have-individual-medical-savings-accounts-accumulated-meaningful-balances-after-10-years-of-enrolment-empirical-evidence-from-china
#5
Hao Yu, Jiaying Chen
Objectives To examine whether medical savings accounts in China have achieved the intended goal of promoting individual savings for medical care. Method Longitudinal data were obtained from one of the first Chinese cities that implemented medical savings accounts. The sample includes 246,681 enrolees with participation of at least 10 years by the end of 2010. We conducted descriptive analyses of medical savings account balances and a series of multivariate logistic analyses of risk factors for having low medical savings account accumulation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#6
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429151/corynebacterium-species-nasopharyngeal-carriage-in-asymptomatic-individuals-aged%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years-in-germany
#7
Barbara Teutsch, Anja Berger, Durdica Marosevic, Katharina Schönberger, Thiên-Trí Lâm, Kerstin Hubert, Steffi Beer, Peter Wienert, Nikolaus Ackermann, Heike Claus, Maria Drayß, Kathrin Thiel, Mark van der Linden, Ulrich Vogel, Andreas Sing
PURPOSE: The prevalence of protective anti-diphtheria toxin antibodies decreases with age. Therefore, the elderly might serve as reservoir for potentially toxigenic Corynebacterium (C.) species (C. diphtheriae, C. ulcerans, and C. pseudotuberculosis). This study aimed to examine the colonization rate of the nasopharynx with corynebacteria of individuals aged 65 years and older. METHODS: In the period from October 2012 to June 2013, nasal and throat swabs were taken from 714 asymptomatic subjects aged 65-106 years (average age 77...
April 20, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425738/the-link-between-discrimination-and-telomere-length-in-african-american-adults
#8
Daniel B Lee, Eric S Kim, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVE: Prior work shows that discrimination is associated with a wide array of negative health outcomes. However, the biological mechanisms through which this link occurs require more study. We evaluated the association between discrimination and leukocyte telomere length (LTL; a biological marker of systemic aging). METHOD: Cross-sectional data were from the Health and Retirement study, a study of people aged 51+ in the United States, and included 595 African American males and females...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422370/leisure-riding-horses-research-topics-versus-the-needs-of-stakeholders
#9
REVIEW
Iwona Janczarek, Izabela Wilk
Horses intended for leisure riding do not undergo any selection and most often retired sports horses or defective horses are chosen, as a low selling price determines their purchase by a leisure riding center. Unfortunately, horses bought at low prices usually have low utility value, are difficult to handle, require a special or individual approach and do not provide satisfaction in riding. However, neither modern horse breeding nor scientific research address the need to breed horses for leisure activities...
April 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422076/zeglobaltox-an-innovative-approach-to-address-organ-drug-toxicity-using-zebrafish
#10
Carles Cornet, Simone Calzolari, Rafael Miñana-Prieto, Sylvia Dyballa, Els van Doornmalen, Helma Rutjes, Thierry Savy, Davide D'Amico, Javier Terriente
Toxicity is one of the major attrition causes during the drug development process. In that line, cardio-, neuro-, and hepatotoxicities are among the main reasons behind the retirement of drugs in clinical phases and post market withdrawal. Zebrafish exploitation in high-throughput drug screening is becoming an important tool to assess the toxicity and efficacy of novel drugs. This animal model has, from early developmental stages, fully functional organs from a physiological point of view. Thus, drug-induced organ-toxicity can be detected in larval stages, allowing a high predictive power on possible human drug-induced liabilities...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421927/walking-forward-looking-back-lantham-dinah-walking-forward-looking-back-160pp-%C3%A2-8-99-trobador-books-9781784620844-178462084x-formula-see-text
#11
(no author information available yet)
The author of Walking Forward, Looking Back is a retired district nurse and midwife and this book is a heartwarming reflection on her life told as she recalls past events while out walking her dog.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420453/golden-years-or-retirement-fears-private-pension-inequality-among-canada-s-immigrants
#12
Josh Curtis, Naomi Lightman
Currently, many immigrants are disqualified from Canada's public pension scheme because of residency requirements. In addition, decades of low income and labour market exclusion prohibit many Canadian immigrants from building adequate private pension savings throughout their working life. Together, these factors present serious concerns for immigrant seniors' economic well-being. Using Canadian census data spanning a twenty-year period (1991-2011), we find that income from personal savings plans and investments has declined sharply for both native-born and immigrant Canadians, with recent immigrant cohorts faring worst...
April 19, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418778/parkinsonism-signs-and-symptoms-in-agricultural-pesticide-handlers-in-washington-state
#13
Susan Searles Nielsen, Shu-Ching Hu, Harvey Checkoway, Maria Negrete, Pablo Palmández, Theresa Bordianu, Brad A Racette, Christopher D Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between pesticide exposure and signs or symptoms of parkinsonism. METHODS: Prior to the 2014 pesticide spray season we examined 38 active pesticide handlers age 35-65 (median 43.5) who participated in the State of Washington's cholinesterase monitoring program in the Yakima Valley, where cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides are applied in fruit orchards. A movement disorders specialist assessed the workers using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor subscore 3 (UPDRS3)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418486/is-it-time-to-retire
#14
Wendy Levinson, Shiphra Ginsburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416571/negative-wealth-shock-and-short-term-changes-in-depressive-symptoms-and-medication-adherence-among-late-middle-aged-adults
#15
Lindsay R Pool, Belinda L Needham, Sarah A Burgard, Michael R Elliott, Carlos F Mendes de Leon
BACKGROUND: Experiencing a negative wealth shock in late middle age may cause high levels of stress and induce reductions in health-related consumption. METHODS: We used data on late middle age individuals (51-64 years) from the longitudinal US-based Health and Retirement Study (N=19 281) to examine the relationship between negative wealth shock and short-term outcomes that serve as markers of the pathways from wealth shock to health: elevated depressive symptoms, as a marker of the stress pathway and cost-related medication non-adherence (CRN), as a marker of the consumption pathway...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413227/david-c-drum-dc-fccs-c-an-accomplished-multi-faceted-individual
#16
Douglas M Brown
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) is quoted as saying, "The meaning of life is to find your gift. The purpose of life is to give it away." With these few words Picasso captures the essence of David Drum's existence. From his birth in Moncton, NB, through his formal education in Toronto, ON, to his so-called "retirement" in Crystal Beach, ON, this paper spans 72 years, unveiling the broad range of opportunities for growth David Drum has encountered in his life's journey and documenting his acceptance of the obligations for proud philanthropy that accompany them...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409718/older-adults-exposed-to-ongoing-versus-intense-time-limited-missile-attacks-differences-in-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Amit Shrira, Dov Shmotkin, Yuval Palgi, Yaakov Hoffman, Ehud Bodner, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Howard Litwin
OBJECTIVE: The potentially different psychological effects of ongoing trauma vis-à-vis an intense time-limited exposure to trauma have not been examined in older adults. Therefore, this study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and their health concomitants in two groups of older adults in Israel: those exposed to ongoing missile attacks and those exposed to an intense time-limited period of missile attacks. METHOD: In the third administration of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), 297 older adults reported ongoing exposure to missile attacks due to the Israel-Gaza conflict (mean age = 66...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#18
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406808/an-evaluation-of-the-work-and-life-conditions-and-the-quality-of-life-in-60-to-5-year-old-white-collar-employees-manual-workers-and-unemployed-controls
#19
Bartłomiej K Sołtysik, Łukasz Kroc, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Agnieszka Guligowska, Janusz Śmigielski, Tomasz Kostka
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the work and life conditions of 60 to 65-year-old seniors with regard to type of work and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: The European Foundation for Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Questionnaire and the EuroQol 5D were used to evaluate work and life conditions and QoL in the three age- and sex-matched 60 to 65-year-old groups (white-collar, manual workers, and unemployed subjects, 100 each group, 50% of women). RESULTS: Manual workers and unemployed subjects had lower QoL score (0 to 100 point scale) than white-collar workers (accordingly 72...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406459/homesound-real-time-audio-event-detection-based-on-high-performance-computing-for-behaviour-and-surveillance-remote-monitoring
#20
Rosa Ma Alsina-Pagès, Joan Navarro, Francesc Alías, Marcos Hervás
The consistent growth in human life expectancy during the recent years has driven governments and private organizations to increase the efforts in caring for the eldest segment of the population. These institutions have built hospitals and retirement homes that have been rapidly overfilled, making their associated maintenance and operating costs prohibitive. The latest advances in technology and communications envisage new ways to monitor those people with special needs at their own home, increasing their quality of life in a cost-affordable way...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
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