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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#1
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149336/military-neurosurgery-socioeconomic-data-benefits-challenges-and-opportunities
#2
Richard Menger, J Will Robbins, Randy Bell
Military conflict and neurosurgery date back to antiquity. Neurosurgery's development is intimately linked with Harvey Cushing's military experience. Previous papers highlighted unique opportunities and socioeconomic challenges facing military neurosurgeons. Here, we provide objective data from military neurosurgeons surrounding these issues.Internet survey responses were solicited from current, separated, and retired military neurosurgeons regarding workforce issues and their perception of military neurosurgery...
November 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148322/the-health-care-job-engine-where-do-they-come-from-and-what-do-they-say-about-our-future
#3
Bianca K Frogner
Health care has been cited as a job engine for the U.S. economy. This study used the Current Population Survey to examine the sector and occupation shifts that underlie this growth trend. Health care has had a cyclical relationship with retail trade, leisure and hospitality, education, and professional services. The entering workforce has been increasingly taking on low-skilled occupations. The exiting workforce has not been necessarily retiring or going back to school, but appeared to be leaving without a job, with potentially more child care duties, and with high rates of disability and poverty levels...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148075/job-satisfaction-work-environment-and-successful-aging-determinants-of-delaying-retirement-among-acute-care-nurses
#4
Michele Wargo-Sugleris, Wendie Robbins, Christianne Joy Lane, Linda R Phillips
AIM: To determine the relationships between job satisfaction, work environment and successful aging and how these factors relate to Registered Nurses' intent to retire. BACKGROUND: Although little studied, retention of older nurses by delaying early retirement, before age 65, is an important topic for research. Qualitative and quantitative studies have indicated that job satisfaction work environment and successful aging are key motivators in acute care Registered Nursesretention and/or delaying retirement...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145800/study-approach-and-field-work-procedures-of-the-mentdis_icf65-project-on-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-the-older-adult-european-population
#5
Jana Volkert, Martin Härter, Maria Christina Dehoust, Holger Schulz, Susanne Sehner, Anna Suling, Karl Wegscheider, Berta Ausín, Alessandra Canuto, Mike J Crawford, Chiara Da Ronch, Luigi Grassi, Yael Hershkovitz, Manuel Muñoz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Arieh Y Shalev, Jens Strehle, Kerstin Weber, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Sylke Andreas
BACKGROUND: This study describes the study approach and field procedures of the MentDis_ICF65+ study, which aims to assess the prevalence of mental disorders in older adults. METHODS: An age-appropriate version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI65+) was developed and tested with regard to its feasibility and psychometric properties in a pre-test and pilot phase. In the cross-sectional survey an age-stratified, random sample of older adults (65-84 years) living in selected catchment areas of five European countries and Israel was recruited...
November 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145588/the-perspectives-of-pre-frail-and-frail-older-people-on-being-advised-about-exercise-a-qualitative-study
#6
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Joanne Dollard, Neha Mahajan, Renuka Visvanathan
Background: Exercise is considered to be the most effective strategy to treat, prevent and delay frailty, a prevalent geriatric syndrome observed in clinical practice. Encouraging frail older people to take up exercise is crucial in the management of this condition. The study aimed to explore pre-frail and frail older peoples' perspectives in relation to being advised about exercise and their perceptions of the general practitioners' (GPs) role in promoting exercise for older people. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 community-dwelling older (median age 83 years) participants screened pre-frail or frail using the FRAIL Screen...
November 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141613/determinants-of-patient-satisfaction-following-reconstructive-shoulder-surgery
#7
Sascha J Baettig, Karl Wieser, Christian Gerber
BACKGROUND: Obtaining patient satisfaction is a key goal of surgical treatment. It was the purpose of this study to identify pre-, peri- and postoperative factors determining patient satisfaction after shoulder surgery, quantify their relative importance and thereby allow the surgeon to focus on parameters, which will influence patient satisfaction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 505 patients, who underwent either rotator cuff repair (n = 216) or total shoulder arthroplasty (n = 289)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141598/worklife-expectancy-in-a-cohort-of-danish-employees-aged-55-65%C3%A2-years-comparing-a-multi-state-cox-proportional-hazard-approach-with-conventional-multi-state-life-tables
#8
Jacob Pedersen, Jakob Bue Bjorner
BACKGROUND: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. METHODS: In 2008, data on self-rated health (SRH) was collected from 5212 employees 55-65 years of age...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140900/associations-between-bmi-change-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-retired-football-players
#9
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
PURPOSE: Elevated rates of cardiometabolic diseases have been observed in former American football players. The current study sought to determine if change in body mass index (ΔBMI) following retirement influences the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, or high blood pressure (HBP) in former professional football players. METHODS: Retired professional football players (n=3,729) were sent a survey with questions regarding health status, playing history, and demographic information...
November 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136242/older-adults-knowledge-of-anxiety-disorders
#10
Elisabeth Beaunoyer, Philippe Landreville, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael
Objectives: The underuse of mental health services for anxiety disorders is particularly pronounced among older adults and could, in part, be explained by a lack of knowledge on this subject in this population. The purpose of this study was to document senior's knowledge of anxiety. Method: Young adults (n = 64) and older adults (n = 78) completed a sociodemographic questionnaire (including clinical variables), the Beck Anxiety Inventory and a questionnaire measuring their knowledge of the various dimensions of anxiety disorders, including symptoms, risk factors, and treatments...
November 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132150/functional-impairment-and-decline-in-middle-age-a-cohort-study
#11
Rebecca T Brown, L Grisell Diaz-Ramirez, W John Boscardin, Sei J Lee, Michael A Steinman
Background: Difficulties with daily functioning are common in middle-aged adults. However, little is known about the epidemiology or clinical course of these problems, including the extent to which they share common features with functional impairment in older adults. Objective: To determine the epidemiology and clinical course of functional impairment and decline in middle age. Design: Cohort study. Setting: The Health and Retirement Study...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130976/discontinued-information-and-communication-technology-usage-among-older-adults-in-continuing-care-retirement-communities-in-the-united-states
#12
R V Rikard, Ronald W Berkowsky, Shelia R Cotten
BACKGROUND: Older adults are increasingly using information and communication technologies (ICTs). Recent studies show beneficial effects of using ICTs for older adults, particularly in terms of reducing loneliness and depression. However, little is known about the factors that may prevent discontinued ICT use in populations that may be at greater risk, such as those in continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine a range of factors that may influence discontinued (1) ICT use, (2) searching for health information, and (3) searching for general information over time among CCRC residents...
November 9, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#13
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#14
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126537/a-47-year-old-man-with-recurrent-unilateral-pleural-effusion
#15
Alexandra Haw, Ronald Kotler, Kevin Steinberg
A 47-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and OSA presented with a 7- to 10-day history of progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion, with a walking distance of 60 feet. He had bilateral lower-extremity swelling and was prescribed furosemide without clinical improvement. At baseline, he used three pillows for sleeping. The patient was noncompliant with his CPAP treatment. He had no smoking history and was retired from working in technology sales. On review of systems, he denied cough, chest pain, hemoptysis, fevers, chills, or weight loss...
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126348/validity-of-self-rated-memory-among-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-adults-results-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study-charls
#16
Zhiyong Huang, Jürgen Maurer
Memory self-ratings are often used in primary care practice and social surveys due to its relative ease of administration. Yet their usefulness to accurately measure individuals' memory-related cognitive function is largely unknown. This article assesses the construct validity of self-rated memory for measuring memory-related cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults (45+ years) in China using a national sample ( N = 13,690) from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. We first compare self-rated memory with a number of well-established memory tests and then investigate the role of sociodemographic factors in determining self-reports conditional on memory test performance...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126316/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-social-connectedness-and-mental-health-among-older-european-adults-a-share-based-analysis
#17
Ella Schwartz, Howard Litwin
Objectives: The current study aimed to understand the reciprocal relationship between social networks and mental health in old age. It explored the dynamic aspects of that relationship and assessed the influence of social networks on mental health, as well as a concurrent influence of mental health on change in social connectedness. Method: The data came from two measurement points in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytic sample was composed of adults aged 65 years and above (N = 14,706)...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126287/for-better-or-worse-couples-time-together-in-encore-adulthood
#18
Katie R Genadek, Sarah M Flood, Phyllis Moen
Objective: This study examined the amount of time married couples share together in a new "encore adult" life course stage around the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Also investigated was the relationship between shared time and experienced well-being for this age group. Method: Time diary and survey data were used from nationally representative 2003-2014 American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data for 26,303 adults aged 50-79 years. Analyses examined amount of total and exclusive shared couple time and experiences of happiness and stress when together using multivariate models...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126190/early-life-exposure-to-china-s-1959-61-famine-and-midlife-cognition
#19
Hongwei Xu, Zhenmei Zhang, Lydia Li, Jinyu Liu
Background: Existing studies of the 1944-45 Dutch famine found little evidence of the association between early life malnutrition and midlife cognition. Methods: Among 2446 rural participants born between 1958 and 1963 in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, we examined effects of exposure to China's 1959-61 Great Leap Forward famine during prenatal and early postnatal life, on four cognitive measures in 2011 (baseline) and changes in cognition between 2011 and 2013 (first follow-up)...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125316/-it-is-nothing-more-than-a-senior-moment-the-moderating-role-of-subjective-age-in-the-effect-of-change-in-memory-on-self-rated-memory
#20
Dikla Segel-Karpas, Yuval Palgi
OBJECTIVE: The association between memory performance and self-rated memory is yet to be understood. More specifically, little is known about the factors that lie at the base of self-evaluations of memory in relation to actual changes in memory. In this study, we suggest that subjective age modifies the effect of objective change in memory on self-rated memory. METHOD: We used two waves of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 4624) to examine whether subjective age moderates the effect of experienced changes in memory between T1 and T2 on self-rated memory at T2...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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