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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318274/do-multiple-health-events-reduce-resilience-when-compared-with-single-events
#1
Ruth T Morin, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Fiona Maccallum, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: The impact of multiple major life stressors is hypothesized to reduce the probability of resilience and increase rates of mortality. However, this hypothesis lacks strong empirical support because of the lack of prospective evidence. This study investigated whether experiencing multiple major health events diminishes rates of resilience and increases rates of mortality using a large population-based prospective cohort. METHOD: There were n = 1,395 individuals sampled from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and examined prospectively from 2 years before 4 years after either single or multiple health events (lung disease, heart disease, stroke, or cancer)...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316341/ground-based-measurements-of-the-1-3-to-0-3-millimeter-spectrum-of-jupiter-and-saturn-and-their-detailed-calibration
#2
Juan R Pardo, Eugene Serabyn, Martina C Wiedner, Raphäel Moreno, Glenn Orton
One of the legacies of the now retired Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) is presented in this paper. We measured for the first time the emission of the giant planets Jupiter and Saturn across the 0.3 to 1.3 mm wavelength range using a Fourier Transform Spectrometer mounted on the 10.4-meter dish of the CSO at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, 4100 meters above sea level. A careful calibration, including the evaluation of the antenna performance over such a wide wavelength range and the removal of the Earth's atmosphere effects, has allowed the detection of broad absorption lines on those planets' atmospheres...
July 1, 2017: Icarus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316203/-analysis-of-xin-an-imperial-medical-officials-in-the-ming-and-qing-dynasties
#3
S M Wan, B S Liu, X Lu
Xin'an imperial medical officials of the Ming and Qing Dynasties was a special group of Xin'an doctors. It had exerted a positive and active impact on the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Rooted in the Xin'an region, with higher literacy and noble medical ethics and medical knowhow, through the imperial enlistment, examination, and other ways to enter the palace as imperial medical officials. During their tenure, they wrote books and communicated and merged with the folk medicine actively. After retiring, they were still involved actively in folk medicine activities, thus promoting and influencing the development of local medicine...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306611/the-patients-perspective-hematological-cancer-patients-experiences-of-adverse-events-as-part-of-care
#4
Jamie Bryant, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Heidi Turon, Andrew Wei, Bryone Kuss
OBJECTIVE: To describe in a sample of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of a hematological cancer: (a) the proportion who self-report experiencing an unexpected adverse event as part of their care; (b) how the adverse event was handled by the health-care organization; and (c) the sociodemographic, disease, and treatment characteristics associated with experiencing an adverse event. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: Three Australian hematological oncology treatment centers...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306145/functional-status-modifies-the-association-of-blood-pressure-with-death-in-elders-health-and-retirement-study
#5
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Carmen A Peralta, Harini Sarathy, Michelle C Odden
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether grip strength, gait speed, and the combination of the two physical functioning measures modified the association of systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) with mortality. DESIGN: Nationally representative cohort study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study. PARTICIPANTS: 7,492 U.S. adults aged ≥65 years. MEASUREMENTS: Grip strength was measured by a hand dynamometer and classified as normal (≥16 kg for female; ≥26 kg for male) and weak...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303590/psychiatric-disability-in-law-enforcement-officers
#6
Marilyn Price
Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience...
March 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301976/medicare-expenditures-associated-with-hospital-and-emergency-department-use-among-beneficiaries-with-dementia
#7
Laura Coots Daras, Zhanlian Feng, Joshua M Wiener, Yevgeniya Kaganova
Understanding expenditure patterns for hospital and emergency department (ED) use among individuals with dementia is crucial to controlling Medicare spending. We analyzed Health and Retirement Study data and Medicare claims, stratified by beneficiaries' residence and proximity to death, to estimate Medicare expenditures for all-cause and potentially avoidable hospitalizations and ED visits. Analysis was limited to the Medicare fee-for-service population age 65 and older. Compared with people without dementia, community residents with dementia had higher average expenditures for hospital and ED services; nursing home residents with dementia had lower average expenditures for all-cause hospitalizations...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301791/professional-and-psychosocial-factors-affecting-the-intention-to-retire-of-australian-medical-practitioners
#8
Chanaka Wijeratne, Joanne K Earl, Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Johanna Tibbertsma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the professional and personal factors associated with the intention to retire (ITR) by medical practitioners. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of currently practising Australian doctors aged 55 or older registered with a commercial database. Participants completed an online self-report questionnaire in October 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Associations between intention to retire and demographic and practice characteristics; health; emotional, social and financial resources; work centrality; and anxiety about ageing...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301789/older-doctors-and-retirement
#9
Brian M Draper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301554/can-volunteering-in-later-life-reduce-the-risk-of-dementia-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-among-volunteering-and-non-volunteering-retired-seniors
#10
Yannick Griep, Linda Magnusson Hanson, Tim Vantilborgh, Laurens Janssens, Samantha K Jones, Martin Hyde
We propose that voluntary work, characterized by social, physical and cognitive activity in later life is associated with fewer cognitive problems and lower dementia rates. We test these assumptions using 3-wave, self-reported, and registry data from the 2010, 2012, and 2014 Swedish National Prescribed Drug Register. We had three groups of seniors in our data: 1) no volunteering (N = 531), 2) discontinuous volunteering (N = 220), and 3) continuous volunteering (N = 250). We conducted a path analysis in Mplus to investigate the effect of voluntary work (discontinuously and continuously) on self-reported cognitive complaints and the likelihood of being prescribed an anti-dementia treatment after controlling for baseline and relevant background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299821/baby-boomers-in-the-united-states-factors-associated-with-working-longer-and-delaying-retirement
#11
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Knut Ringen, Rosemary Sokas
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the self-reported probability of working full-time past age 62 (P62) or age 65 (P65) among four cohorts of Americans born between 1931 and 1959. METHODS: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were analyzed. Respondents in four age cohorts were selected for comparison. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess cohort differences in P62 and P65 while adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: P62 and P65 increased among boomers despite worsened self-rated health compared to the two preceding cohorts, with 37% and 80% increases among mid-boomers in construction trades...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298414/insomnia-as-a-predictor-of-job-exit-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-results-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#12
Liming Dong, Jacqueline Agnew, Ramin Mojtabai, Pamela J Surkan, Adam P Spira
OBJECTIVES: Poor health is a recognised predictor of workforce exit, but little is known about the role of insomnia in workforce exit. We examined the association between insomnia symptoms and subsequent job exit among middle-aged and older adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). METHODS: The study sample consisted of 5746 respondents aged between 50 and 70 who were working for pay when interviewed in the HRS 2004 and were followed up in the HRS 2006...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297704/successful-aging-from-the-viewpoint-of-older-adults-development-of-a-brief-successful-aging-inventory-sai
#13
Jeong Eun Lee, Boaz Kahana, Eva Kahana
OBJECTIVE: Researcher-defined criteria for successful aging (SA) have been criticized for their limited perspective and failure to acknowledge subjective perceptions of older individuals. We assessed the extent to which older individuals consider specific factors, which they had suggested, to be important in defining SA. The present study had 2 objectives: (a) to develop a brief multidimensional questionnaire for assessing SA and to evaluate its psychometric properties; and (b) to examine age associations with each dimension of SA...
March 16, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295595/optometry-australia-scope-of-practice-survey-2015
#14
Patricia M Kiely, Skye Cappuccio, Ellen McIntyre
BACKGROUND: This paper presents results from the inaugural Scope of Practice Survey of Optometry Australia members conducted in October 2015. The survey gathered information related to confidence in detecting and diagnosing key ocular conditions, grading diabetic retinopathy, prescribing scheduled medicines, access to equipment, confidence using equipment, incidence of patients requiring therapeutic management, referral practices and services provided. METHODS: The survey was developed, piloted, modified and administered to members of Optometry Australia (excluding student and retired members), who had a current email address...
March 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294857/-evaluation-of-antihypertensive-efficacy-and-patient-adherence-to-treatment-with-the-new-formulation-perindopril-arginine-orally-disintegrating-tablet-in-general-clinical-practice-optimum-program
#15
M G Glezer On Behalf Of The Optimum Program Participants
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy of perindopril arginine in the oral dispersible form of tablets, in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Post-marketing observational open program OPTIMUM was carried out from october 2014 to march 2015 year in 48 cities of the Russian Federation, 197 doctors. The observation included 957 patients. Prematurely retired from the study 17patients completed the observation in accordance with the protocol of 940 people...
April 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#16
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291537/-working-conditions-of-dermatologists-in-brittany-france-and-demographic-projection-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
K Luce, C Saillard, C Nizery-Guermeur, E Brenaut, C Rousseau, M Henry, L Misery, A Dupuy
BACKGROUND: The number of dermatologists in Brittany is currently decreasing (-4.5% from 2010 to 2014) while waiting times for medical appointments are increasing. Our objective was to evaluate the practice activities of dermatologists and to establish a 5-year demographic projection. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Brittany (France) from November 2014 to January 2015. We also interviewed dermatology residents (incoming years: 2010 to 2015), and collected information about their hometown and their career plans in 5years...
March 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290971/delayed-diagnosis-of-tsh-secreting-adenoma-attributed-to-worsening-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-a-military-veteran-because-of-provider-anchoring-bias
#18
Shyam K Daya, Andrew O Paulus, Ernest E Braxton, Penny J Vroman, Derek A Mathis, Ryan Lin, Mark W True
INTRODUCTION: Anchoring bias occurs when clinicians hold on to previously known information about a patient, with failure to consider the full realm of possibilities to explain new findings. We present a case of delayed diagnosis of thyroid-stimulating-hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma (TSHoma), a rare disorder, in a military veteran whose symptoms were misconstrued as being caused from worsening of his prior diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Anchoring bias in this case led to 2-year delay in the correct diagnosis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290960/outcomes-following-multilevel-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-in-the-young-active-population
#19
Nicholas J Zarkadis, Andrew W Cleveland, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, Pedro M Caram, Joshua P Herzog
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is a common disorder that portends significant morbidity. The presence of radiculopathy can have a debilitating effect on patients as well as a significant economic impact. Active duty military patients with increased physical occupational demands can be significantly impacted by cervical disease. The resulting disability can have a strong negative impact on operational readiness. Several studies have demonstrated comparably good functional outcomes between cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for single-level disease...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#20
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
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