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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229365/career-development-and-promotion-in-an-academic-health-center
#1
Edward R Christophersen
This paper examines the successive stages of the career path for psychologists who commit to spending their professional lives working in academic health centers. Key factors for success at each stage are described, as are the steps required for progressing to subsequent stages of professional development. The paper breaks new ground by including consideration of a post-retirement stage, "Professor Emeritus status."
February 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229124/functional-limitations-and-health-care-resource-utilization-for-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-without-dementia-findings-from-a-united-states-population-based-survey
#2
J Scott Andrews, Urvi Desai, Noam Y Kirson, Caroline J Enloe, Ljubica Ristovska, Sarah King, Howard G Birnbaum, Adam S Fleisher, Wenyu Ye, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about functional limitations and health care resource utilization of people with cognitive impairment with no dementia (CIND). METHODS: Respondents with stable or progressive cognitive impairment (CI) after the first (index) indication of CIND in 2000-2010 were identified from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Respondents never exhibiting CI were identified as potential controls. Propensity score-based optimal matching was used to adjust for differences in demographics and history of stroke...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228654/low-ft3-a-possible-marker-of-frailty-in-the-elderly
#3
Aldo Bertoli, Alessia Valentini, Maria Assunta Cianfarani, Elena Gasbarra, Umberto Tarantino, Massimo Federici
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is associated with a functional decline of multiple physiological systems, of which they may be a cause or consequence. The objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid hormone modifications in elderly frail subjects and its relationship with frailty. STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out at the University Hospital "Tor Vergata" in Rome among ambulatory and hospitalized patients. The study population consisted of 112 elderly subjects: 62 were hospitalized following hip fracture and 50 control subjects were outpatients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228449/neighborhood-differences-in-post-stroke-mortality
#4
Theresa L Osypuk, Amy Ehntholt, J Robin Moon, Paola Gilsanz, M Maria Glymour
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke mortality is higher among residents of disadvantaged neighborhoods, but it is not known whether neighborhood inequalities are specific to stroke survival or similar to mortality patterns in the general population. We hypothesized that neighborhood disadvantage would predict higher poststroke mortality, and neighborhood effects would be relatively larger for stroke patients than for individuals with no history of stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: Health and Retirement Study participants aged ≥50 years without stroke at baseline (n=15 560) were followed ≤12 years for incident stroke (1715 events over 159 286 person-years) and mortality (5325 deaths)...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226053/social-representations-of-fishermen-with-spinal-cord-injury-impacts-and-life-trajectory
#5
Eliane Santos Cavalcante, João Mário Pessoa, Izaura Luzia Silvério Freire, Cleonice Andréa Alves Cavalcante, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes de Miranda
Objective: analyze social representations in the life trajectory of artisanal fishermen with spinal cord injury caused by diving on the north coast of Rio Grande do Norte. Method: a descriptive, qualitative study was conducted with 31 fishermen between October 2013 and August 2014, using a semi-structured interview. A lexicographic analysis and descending hierarchical classification of texts were performed (with software ALCESTE), in the perspective of the social representations...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225507/high-hemoglobin-a1c-and-diabetes-predict-memory-decline-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#6
Jessica R Marden, Elizabeth R Mayeda, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an established risk factor for dementia, but evidence for T2D and memory decline is less consistent. Understanding how T2D and blood glucose relate to memory decline is crucial to elucidating the mechanisms linking T2D and dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 8888 Health and Retirement Study participants aged 50+, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured in either 2006 or 2008 and physician's diagnosis of diabetes was self-reported in the same year...
January 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219074/an-international-evaluation-of-cognitive-reserve-and-memory-changes-in-early-old-age-in-10-european-countries
#7
Dorina Cadar, Annie Robitaille, Sean Clouston, Scott M Hofer, Andrea M Piccinin, Graciela Muniz-Terrera
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve was postulated to explain individual differences in susceptibility to ageing, offering apparent protection to those with higher education. We investigated the association between education and change in memory in early old age. METHODS: Immediate and delayed memory scores from over 10,000 individuals aged 65 years and older, from 10 countries of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, were modeled as a function of time in the study over an 8-year period, fitting independent latent growth models...
February 21, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217821/physicians-experiences-as-patients-with-statin-side-effects-a-case-series
#8
Hayley J Koslik, Athena Hathaway Meskimen, Beatrice Alexandra Golomb
Physicians are among those prescribed statins and therefore, subject to potential statin adverse effects (AEs). There is little information on the impact of statin AEs on physicians affected by them. We sought to assess the character and impact of statin AEs occurring in physicians and retired physicians, and to ascertain whether/how personal experience of AEs moderated physicians' attitude toward statin use. Seven active or retired physicians from the United States communicated with the Statin Effects Study group regarding their personal experience of statin AEs...
December 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217042/minority-population-group-status-and-qol-change-the-case-of-older-israelis
#9
Noam Damri, Howard Litwin
This study explores minority group status in relation to change in Quality of Life (QOL) among three population groups in Israel-Veteran Jews, Arab-Israelis and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU)-controlling for a set of known predictors. The study uses panel data from two waves (2009/10 and 2013) of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, (N=1,590). A set of Ordinary Least Squares regressions is used to predict positive QOL change over the two waves. Interaction terms in a number of selected areas are considered...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214249/perceived-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-preventive-healthcare-use
#11
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood social cohesion has been linked with better health and health behaviors, but its association with patterns of preventive healthcare use remains understudied. The hypothesis was that people with higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion would display increased use of preventive healthcare services. METHODS: Participants (N=7,168) were drawn from the 2006 wave of the Health and Retirement Study-a prospective and nationally representative panel study of American adults aged >50 years-and tracked for one wave (2 years)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213893/disparity-in-dental-out-of-pocket-payments-among-older-adult-populations-a-comparative-analysis-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#12
Richard Manski, John Moeller, Haiyan Chen, Eeva Widström, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: The current study addresses the extent to which diversity exists in dental out-of-pocket (OOP) payments across population subgroups within and between the USA and selected European countries. This represents the final paper in a series in which the previous two papers addressed diversity in dental coverage and dental utilisation, respectively, using similar data and methods. METHOD: We used data from the 2006/2007 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the 2004-2006 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for respondents ≥51 years of age...
February 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213301/mental-retirement-and-health-selection-analyses-from-the-u-s-health-and-retirement-study
#13
Sean A P Clouston, Nicole Denier
BACKGROUND: Research has recently suggested that retirement may decrease cognitive engagement, resulting in cognitive aging. Few studies have systematically documented whether or how selectivity into retirement shapes the relationship between retirement and cognitive aging. METHODS: We draw on data from the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2012) to examine the relationship between cognition and retirement for 18,575 labor force participants. Longitudinal regression discontinuity modeling was used to examine performance and decline in episodic memory...
January 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208598/neighborhood-environment-and-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#14
Emily Joy Nicklett, Matthew C Lohman, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: Falls present a major challenge to active aging, but the relationship between neighborhood factors and falls is poorly understood. This study examined the relationship between fall events and neighborhood factors, including neighborhood social cohesion (sense of belonging, trust, friendliness, and helpfulness) and physical environment (vandalism/graffiti, rubbish, vacant/deserted houses, and perceived safety walking home at night). Methods: Data were analyzed from 9259 participants over four biennial waves (2006-2012) of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative sample of adults aged 65 and older in the United States...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205009/mixed-pathologies-including-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-account-for-dementia-in-retired-association-football-soccer-players
#15
Helen Ling, Huw R Morris, James W Neal, Andrew J Lees, John Hardy, Janice L Holton, Tamas Revesz, David D R Williams
In retired professional association football (soccer) players with a past history of repetitive head impacts, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a potential neurodegenerative cause of dementia and motor impairments. From 1980 to 2010, 14 retired footballers with dementia were followed up regularly until death. Their clinical data, playing career, and concussion history were prospectively collected. Next-of-kin provided consent for six to have post-mortem brain examination. Of the 14 male participants, 13 were professional and 1 was a committed amateur...
February 15, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#16
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196554/impact-of-childhood-and-adulthood-psychological-health-on-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-life
#17
C Clark, M Smuk, D Lain, S A Stansfeld, E Carr, J Head, S Vickerstaff
BACKGROUND: Adulthood psychological health predicts labour force activity but few studies have examined childhood psychological health. We hypothesized that childhood psychological ill-health would be associated with labour force exit at 55 years. METHOD: Data were from the 55-year follow-up of the National Child Development Study (n = 9137). Labour force participation and exit (unemployment, retirement, permanent sickness, homemaking/other) were self-reported at 55 years...
February 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195015/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#18
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194391/simultaneous-bilateral-patellar-tendon-rupture
#19
Diogo Lino Moura, José Pedro Marques, Francisco Manuel Lucas, Fernando Pereira Fonseca
Bilateral patellar tendon rupture is a rare entity, often associated with systemic diseases and patellar tendinopathy. The authors report a rare case of a 34-year-old man with simultaneous bilateral rupture of the patellar tendon caused by minor trauma. The patient is a retired basketball player with no past complaints of chronic knee pain and a history of steroid use. Surgical management consisted in primary end-to-end tendon repair protected temporarily with cerclage wiring, followed by a short immobilization period and intensive rehabilitation program...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192828/mr-spectroscopy-findings-in-retired-professional-rugby-league-players
#20
Andrew J Gardner, Grant L Iverson, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Christopher R Levi, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Peter W Schofield, Ross Zafonte, Sandy R Shultz, Alexander P Lin, Peter Stanwell
The aim of this study was to examine brain neurometabolite concentrations in retired rugby league players who had a history of numerous self-reported concussions. Participants were 16 retired professional rugby league players (ages 30-45 years) with an extensive history of concussion and participation in contact sports, and 16 age- and education-matched controls who had no history of neurotrauma or participation in contact sports. All completed a clinical interview, psychological and cognitive testing, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) investigation...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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