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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541583/consumer-decision-making-abilities-and-long-term-care-insurance-purchase
#1
Brian E McGarry, Helena Tempkin-Greener, David C Grabowski, Benjamin P Chapman, Yue Li
Objectives: To determine the impact of consumer decision-making abilities on making a long-term care insurance (LTCi) purchasing decision that is consistent with normative economic predictions regarding policy ownership. Method: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, multivariate analyses are implemented to estimate the effect of decision-making ability factors on owning LTCi. Stratified multivariate analyses are used to examine the effect of decision-making abilities on the likelihood of adhering to economic predictions of LTCi ownership...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541436/changes-in-sleep-duration-during-transition-to-statutory-retirement-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Saana Myllyntausta, Paula Salo, Erkki Kronholm, Ville Aalto, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Sari Stenholm
Study Objectives: This study examined whether sleep duration changes during the transition from full-time work to statutory retirement and, if this were the case, which pre-retirement factors, including sociodemographic, work, lifestyle and health factors, predict these changes. Methods: Data from repeated surveys of the Finnish Public Sector study, linked to records of retirement, were used. The study population consisted of 5,785 participants who retired on a statutory basis in 2000-2011 and who had responded to surveys on sleep duration at least once immediately before and after their retirement (mean number of repeat study waves 3...
May 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541410/contribution-of-socioeconomic-status-at-three-lifecourse-periods-to-late-life-memory-function-and-decline-early-and-late-predictors-of-dementia-risk
#3
Jessica R Marden, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
Both early life and adult socioeconomic status (SES) predict late life level of memory; however, evidence is mixed on the relationship between SES and rate of memory decline. Further, the relative importance of different lifecourse periods for rate of late life memory decline has not been evaluated. We examined associations between lifecourse SES and late life memory function and decline. Health and Retirement Study participants (n = 10,781) were interviewed biennially from 1998-2012. SES measures for childhood (composite score including parents' educational attainment), early adulthood (high school or college completion), and older adulthood (income, mean age 66) were all dichotomized...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541391/rotating-night-shift-work-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#4
Lani R Wegrzyn, Rulla M Tamimi, Bernard A Rosner, Susan B Brown, Richard G Stevens, A Heather Eliassen, Francine Laden, Walter C Willett, Susan E Hankinson, Eva S Schernhammer
In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer declared shift work involving circadian disruption to be a "probable" carcinogen (group 2A), noting that human evidence was limited. This study examined associations between rotating night shift work and breast cancer risk in two prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Studies (NHS: 1988-2012, n = 78,516; NHS2: 1989-2013, n = 114,559), with 9,541 incident invasive breast malignancies and 24 years of follow-up. Women in NHS with 30+ years of shift work had no increased risk of breast cancer (Hazard ratio (HR) = 0...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540340/is-childhood-socioeconomic-status-related-to-coronary-heart-disease-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-study-1992-2012
#5
Minjee Lee, M Mahmud Khan, Brad Wright
Objective: We investigated the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and coronary heart disease (CHD) in older Americans. Method: We used Health and Retirement Study data from 1992 to 2012 to examine a nationally representative sample of Americans aged ≥50 years (N = 30,623). We modeled CHD as a function of childhood and adult SES using maternal and paternal educational level as a proxy for childhood SES. Results: Respondents reporting low childhood SES were significantly more likely to have CHD than respondents reporting high childhood SES...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539180/visual-and-hearing-impairment-and-retirement-in-older-adults-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, George Burlutsky, Catherine M McMahon, Paul Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Impaired vision and hearing are common among older adults and have been shown to reduce functional independence and to reduce quality of life. This cohort study investigated the cross-sectional and temporal associations between objectively measured dual sensory impairment (DSI) and retirement from employment. STUDY DESIGN: 2409 Blue Mountains Eye Study participants aged 55+ years at baseline were included for analyses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual impairment was defined as visual acuity less than 20/40 (better eye), and hearing impairment as average pure-tone air conduction threshold >25dB HL (500-4000Hz, better ear)...
June 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539179/changes-in-use-of-time-across-retirement-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Judy Sprod, Timothy Olds, Wendy Brown, Nicola Burton, Jannique van Uffelen, Katia Ferrar, Carol Maher
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate how daily use of time changes across the retirement transition and how these changes may differ according to socio-demographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: This longitudinal cohort study was based on interviews with 124 people at pre-retirement and at three, six and 12 months after retirement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults (MARCA), a computer-assisted telephone interview, measured use of time...
June 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539131/longitudinal-associations-of-hopelessness-and-loneliness-in-older-adults-results-from-the-us-health-and-retirement-study
#8
Amber M Gum, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness and loneliness are potent risk factors for poor mental and physical health in later life, although the nature of their relationships with each other over time is not clear. The aim of the current study was to examine relationships between hopelessness and loneliness over an eight-year study period. METHODS: Three waves of data from the US Health and Retirement Study (2006, 2010, 2014) were used to test a cross-lagged model of hopelessness and loneliness (N = 7,831), which allows for the simultaneous evaluation of the reciprocal associations of loneliness and hopelessness...
May 25, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539109/persistent-social-inequality-in-life-expectancy-and-disability-free-life-expectancy-outlook-for-a-differential-pension-age-in-denmark
#9
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Mette Lindholm Eriksen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Bernard Jeune
AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education. METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538672/the-influence-of-neighbourhoods-and-the-social-environment-on-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-in-three-prospective-cohorts
#10
Richard J Shaw, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary, Catharine R Gale, Sebastien F M Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Manon L Dontje, Dawn A Skelton, Laura Macdonald, Geoff Der
Sedentary behaviour is an emerging risk factor for poor health. This study aimed to identify ecological determinants of sedentary behaviour, for which evidence is currently scarce. The study participants were community dwelling adults from, respectively, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (n = 271, mean age 79) and the 1930s (n = 119, mean age 83) and 1950s (n = 310, mean age 64) cohorts of the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. The outcome measure, percentage of waking time spent sedentary (sedentary time), was measured using an activPAL activity monitor worn continuously for seven days...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#11
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535847/perceptions-of-pain-injury-and-transition-retirement-the-experiences-of-professional-dancers
#12
Carly Harrison, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson
Dancers are often referred to as "athletes of the arts," and like other athletes they undergo years of hard physical training in pursuit of excellence. Previous research has indicated that dancers develop high pain thresholds and push past their pain barriers. This has potential implications for their health and wellbeing in both their professional careers and life after dance. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of injury, pain, and retirement among professional dancers...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535301/life-events-and-black-white-differences-in-adult-children-s-financial-assistance-to-mothers
#13
Sung S Park
Background and Objectives: Parents who experience life events with negative economic consequences may rely on adult children for financial assistance. This study provided national estimates of Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children. It also examined whether the Black-White difference in the likelihood of a mother's receipt of financial assistance persisted after accounting for life events reflecting parental need and children's ability to provide help. Research Design and Methods: The Health and Retirement Study was used to examine late middle aged (51-70) Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535283/retirement-saving-and-mental-health-in-china
#14
Dong Chen, Dennis Petrie, Kam Tang, Dongjie Wu
The Chinese population is aging rapidly while both the pension system is underdeveloped and the traditional family care arrangement is in retreat. This article's objective is to assess the relationship between concerns over retirement saving sufficiency and the mental health status of middle-aged and older Chinese adults, and identify the socioeconomic and demographic profile of those with insufficient retirement savings. A survey from about 2000 respondents collected information on self-assessed physical and mental health status based on the EQ-5D-5L framework, self-assessed longevity, retirement plans and financial preparedness and socioeconomic status...
May 23, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534170/-trends-in-participation-in-nonformal-education-in-the-second-half-of-life-increasing-educational-participation-in-retirement
#15
Maja Wiest, Madlain Hoffmann, Sarah Widany, Katrin Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Research on nonformal education often focuses on participation within employment. Participation of workers decreases with age; however, recent studies show an increase in participation in nonformal education of older workers. It remains, however, unclear if this trend spills over to retirement. OBJECTIVE: In the context of social change processes, trends in nonformal educational participation are analyzed. The study addresses employment and retirement as opportunity structures and investigates their impact on educational participation in the second half of life...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533746/intraoperative-frontal-alpha-band-power-correlates-with-preoperative-neurocognitive-function-in-older-adults
#16
Charles M Giattino, Jacob E Gardner, Faris M Sbahi, Kenneth C Roberts, Mary Cooter, Eugene Moretti, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Joseph P Mathew, Marty G Woldorff, Miles Berger
Each year over 16 million older Americans undergo general anesthesia for surgery, and up to 40% develop postoperative delirium and/or cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Delirium and POCD are each associated with decreased quality of life, early retirement, increased 1-year mortality, and long-term cognitive decline. Multiple investigators have thus suggested that anesthesia and surgery place severe stress on the aging brain, and that patients with less ability to withstand this stress will be at increased risk for developing postoperative delirium and POCD...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532293/the-impact-of-work-related-and-personal-resources-on-older-workers-fatigue-work-enjoyment-and-retirement-intentions-over-time
#17
Dave Stynen, Nicole W H Jansen, IJmert Kant
This study aims to examine the impact of work-related and personal resources on older workers' retirement intentions by studying the pathways (fatigue and work enjoyment) from resources to retirement intentions, the buffering role of resources for psychological job demands, in a cross-sectional and longitudinal timeframe. Longitudinal results on a subsample of full-time, older workers (n=1,642) from the Maastricht Cohort Study suggest that over 4 years of follow-up personal resources like personal mastery and perceived health related to less (prolonged) fatigue and more work enjoyment...
May 22, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527614/n-o-344-salpingectomie-opportuniste-et-autres-m%C3%A3-thodes-pour-r%C3%A3-duire-le-risque-de-cancer-de-l-ovaire-de-la-trompe-de-fallope-et-du-p%C3%A3-ritoine-dans-la-population-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-rale
#18
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIF: La présente directive clinique examine les avantages potentiels de la salpingectomie opportuniste pour prévenir le développement du cancer séreux de grade élevé de l'ovaire, de la trompe de Fallope et du péritoine à la lumière de données probantes actuelles selon lesquelles ce type de cancer prendrait naissance dans la trompe de Fallope. UTILISATEURS CIBLES: Gynécologues, obstétriciens, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, résidents et fournisseurs de soins de santé...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527493/impact-of-total-laryngectomy-on-return-to-work
#19
Jose Miguel Costa, Montserrat López, Jacinto García, Xavier León, Miquel Quer
INTRODUCTION: Total laryngectomy is one of the most mutilating oncological operations. There are no specific studies evaluating return to work after this surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 116 laryngectomized patients who were disease- free and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years from total laryngectomy. A survey was conducted to find out their employment situation before and after surgery. At the time of surgery, 62 (53%) were working, 40 (35%) were retired and 14 (12%) were in a disability situation...
May 17, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526900/abundance-of-corals-on-offshore-oil-and-gas-platforms-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#20
Stephan R Kolian, Paul W Sammarco, Scott A Porter
Scleractinian, octocoral, and antipatharian corals have colonized many of the offshore oil and gas platforms in the northern Gulf of Mexico. We surveyed 25 offshore oil and gas platforms for these cnidarians. Few to no corals were detected on inshore, shallow-water structures at <25 m depth; however, the abundance of corals increased, ranging from 14 to 194/m(2), on platforms in waters deeper ≥25 m. The most common coral encountered were Tubastraea coccinea (Scleractinia) and Telesto spp. (Octocorallia)...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Management
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