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"Kidney length"

Sharon Perlman, Dani Lotan, Benjamin Dekel, Zvi Kivilevitch, Yinon Hazan, Reuven Achiron, Yinon Gilboa
OBJECTIVE: To create nomograms of fetal renal compensatory growth in cases of unilateral renal agenesis. METHODS: A retrospective study of fetuses with isolated unilateral renal agenesis diagnosed prenatally, and confirmed post-natal was performed. RESULTS: Seventy four fetuses with isolated solitary kidney were included in the study. A total of one hundred thirty four measurements of the kidney's length were performed. Ninety five of them were studied longitudinally (2-6 measurements each)...
October 12, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Jungmin Sohn, Sookyung Yun, Jeosoon Lee, Dongwoo Chang, Mincheol Choi, Junghee Yoon
Kidney size may be altered in renal diseases, and the detection of kidney size alteration has diagnostic and prognostic values. We hypothesized that radiographic kidney size, the kidney length to the second lumbar vertebra (L2) length ratio, in normal Miniature Schnauzer dogs may be overestimated due to their shorter vertebral length. This study was conducted to evaluate radiographic and ultrasonographic kidney size, L2 length and the kidney length to aorta diameter ratio in clinically normal Miniature Schnauzers and other dog breeds to evaluate the effect of vertebral length on radiographic kidney size and to reestablish radiographic kidney size in normal Miniature Schnauzers...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Somkiat Huaijantug, Komsan Manatpreprem, Sukhumarn Manatpreprem, Paranee Yatmark
Ultrasonographic measurements of kidney size are useful in the practical diagnosis of kidney diseases in animals. In tigers, there is a lack of information regarding the ultrasonography methods used to measure the kidney size of the tiger. Thirty-three healthy captive tigers (Panthera tigris) were placed in lateral recumbency for ultrasonography. The measurements obtained from the ultrasonography were computed, and the results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between genders in terms of body weight and renal length...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
N B Thapa, S Shah, A Pradhan, K Rijal, A Pradhan, S Basnet
Background Ultrasonography is one of the most common imaging modality to measure dimensions of visceral organs in children. However, the normal limit of size of visceral organs according to age and body habitus has not been specified in the standard textbooks. This might result in under detection of organomegaly in pediatrics population. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the normal range of dimensions for the liver, spleen, and kidney in healthy children. Method This is prospective cross-sectional, hospital-based study done at Tertiary-care teaching hospital...
October 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Min-Su Oh, Geol Hwang, Sanghoon Han, Hyun Sik Kang, Seung Hyo Kim, Young Don Kim, Ki-Soo Kang, Kyung-Sue Shin, Mu Sook Lee, Guk Myung Choi, Kyoung Hee Han
Kidney length is the most useful parameter for clinical measurement of kidney size, and is useful to distinguish acute kidney injury from chronic kidney disease. In this prospective observational study of 437 normal children aged between 0 and < 13 years, kidney length was measured using sonography. There were good correlations between kidney length and somatic values, including age, weight, height, and body surface area. The rapid growth of height during the first 2 years of life was intimately associated with a similar increase in kidney length, suggesting that height should be considered an important factor correlating with kidney length...
July 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Daniel Silverberg, Tehillah Menes, Uri Rimon, Ophira Salomon, Moshe Halak
OBJECTIVE: Acute renal artery occlusion is an uncommon disease requiring rapid diagnosis for prevention of kidney loss or permanent kidney damage. The purpose of this study was to identify patients with acute kidney infarction; to characterize their presentation, imaging, and treatment; and to compare the subgroup of patients who underwent catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) with those who were treated without intervention. METHODS: Hospital records between 2005 and 2015 were queried for keywords suggestive of kidney infarction...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Fahimeh Soheilipour, Fatemeh Jesmi, Nahid Rahimzadeh, Mohadeseh Pishgahroudsari, Fariba Almassinokian, Ali Mazaherinezhad
BACKGROUND: Obesity ignites numerous health and psychosocial problems and is associated with various comorbidities. Body mass index (BMI) is also independently associated with improved risk for numerous kidney disorders. As renal length is considered a vital parameter in the clinical assessment of renal patients, normal renal length has to be defined in accordance to BMI. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define normal kidney length in obese children, comparing ultrasound measurements of the kidney length in obese and non-obese children and adolescents, in order to reduce unnecessary evaluations for nephromegaly...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
François Gaillard, Patrik Pavlov, Anne-Marie Tissier, Benoit Harache, Dominique Eladari, Marc-Olivier Timsit, Catherine Fournier, Carine Léon, Chantal Hignette, Gérard Friedlander, Jean-Michel Correas, Pierre Weinmann, Arnaud Méjean, Pascal Houillier, Christophe Legendre, Marie Courbebaisse
OBJECTIVES: Screening of living kidney donors may require scintigraphy to split glomerular filtration rate (GFR). To determine the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) to split GFR, we compared scintigraphy-split GFR to CT-split GFR. We evaluated CT-split GFR as a screening test to detect scintigraphy-split GFR lower than 40 mL/min/1.73 m(2)/kidney. METHODS: This was a monocentric retrospective study on 346 potential living donors who had GFR measurement, renal scintigraphy, and CT...
May 24, 2016: European Radiology
Pollyana Irene Baltazar, Laecio Da Silva Moura, Gerson Tavares Pessoa, Renan Paraguassu De Sá Rodrigues, Marina Pinto Sanches, Anaemilia Das Neves Diniz, Francisco Das Chagas Araújo Sousa, Porfírio Candanedo Guerra, Willams Costa Neves, Robson Fortes Giglio, Jacyara De Jesus Rosa Pereira Alves, Francisco De Assis Leite Souza, Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Flávio Ribeiro Alves
Morphological parameters and renal flow were assessed and measured in six clinically healthy dogs with negative serological and parasitological examinations for canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) and six dogs with CVL-positive serological and parasitological tests and asymptomatic condition of the disease. Kidney length and diameter were measured and compared with the aorta/kidney ratio. Alterations in flow were measured using the flow velocity (cm/s) and resistance index (RI). Renal function was assessed by serum biochemical examination (urea, creatine, total proteins, albumin, and globulin) and urinalysis...
July 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
Mete G Ugur, Aynur Mustafa, Huseyin C Ozcan, Neslihan B Tepe, Huseyin Kurt, Emre Akcil, Reyhan Gunduz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of fetal kidney length and amniotic fluid index (AFI) in labor dating.  METHODS: This prospective study included 180 pregnant women followed up in the outpatient clinic at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gaziantep University, Turkey, between January 2014 and January 2015. The gestational age (GA) was estimated by early fetal ultrasound measures and last menstrual period. Routine fetal biometric parameters, fetal kidney length, and amniotic fluid index were measured...
May 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Jonathan C K Wells, Delan Devakumar, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin
OBJECTIVES: Growth patterns in early life are increasingly linked with subsequent cardio-metabolic risk, but the underlying mechanisms require elucidation. We have developed a theoretical model of blood pressure, treating it as a function of homeostatic metabolic capacity, and antagonistic metabolic load. We sought to differentiate prenatal and postnatal components of metabolic capacity, and to identify intergenerational contributions to offspring capacity and load. METHODS: We followed up at 8 years a cohort of children originally recruited into a randomized trial of maternal micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy...
July 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Els Van Peer, Noel Downes, Christophe Casteleyn, Chris Van Ginneken, Arie Weeren, Steven Van Cruchten
The Göttingen minipig is the most commonly used pig breed in preclinical drug development in Europe and has recently also been explored for physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling. To develop such a model, not only physiological data from adult animals but also data from juvenile animals are required, especially when using this model for paediatric drug development. Therefore, the aim of our study was to document body and organ weights (brain, heart, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, spleen and kidney), lengths of the small and large intestines and pH values of the gastrointestinal tract in Göttingen minipigs from the foetal stage until the age of 5 months...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
Menno Pruijm, Belen Ponte, Daniel Ackermann, Fred Paccaud, Idris Guessous, Georg Ehret, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi, Bruno Vogt, Markus G Mohaupt, Pierre-Yves Martin, Sonia C Youhanna, Nadine Nägele, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Michel Burnier, Olivier Devuyst, Murielle Bochud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Allelic variants in UMOD, the gene coding for uromodulin, are associated with rare tubulointerstitial kidney disorders and risk of CKD and hypertension in the general population. The factors associated with uromodulin excretion in the normal population remain largely unknown, and were therefore explored in this study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Urinary uromodulin excretion was measured using a validated ELISA in two population-based cohorts that included more than 6500 individuals...
January 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Emilie Cornec-Le Gall, Yannick Le Meur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Kidney International
Yong Seung Lee, Mi-Jung Lee, Myung-Joon Kim, Young Jae Im, Sang Woon Kim, Neddy Lee Lim, Sang Won Han
Quantitative measurements of renal echogenicity using a graphic program show close correlation with renal histology in adult patients, but this has neither been applied in pediatric patients nor correlated with glomerular filtration rate (GFR). To determine the direct relationship between echogenicity and GFR, we retrospectively analyzed 91 patients with a solitary functioning kidney under the age of 10, who underwent ultrasonography and serum cystatin C evaluation on a single day between January 2013 and December 2014...
2015: PloS One
Aslıhan Arasli Yilmaz, Ali Osman Köksal, Osman Özdemir, Mehtap Acar, Gülten Küçükkonyali, Yasemin Inan, Sibel Çelik, Mine Güveloğlu, Nesibe Andiran, Sacit Günbey
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate children who presented to the Pediatric Emergency Department with electrical injury and to discuss the follow-up of these cases and potential precautions that can be taken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 patients presented to the Pediatric Emergency Department with electrical injury between May 2010 and May 2013, and these cases were investigated retrospectively. The patients' age and sex, location and form of exposure to electric current, seasonal distribution, length of hospital stay, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular system complications, renal damage, and treatments were recorded...
2015: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Neil C Featherstone, Gunter De Win, Shabnam Undre, Abraham Cherian
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported our early experience (2 patients) of single-incision nephrectomy via the retroperitoneal prone route using an advanced access platform (GelPOINT Mini). Here, we review our series to date and also present a detailed video demonstrating the technique. METHOD: In the prone position, a single transverse incision was made at the midpoint on a line along the lateral border of erector spinae bounded by the lower border of the 12th rib and iliac crest...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
C U Eze, K K Agwu, D N Ezeasor, K K Agwuna, A E Aronu
BACKGROUND: Clinical determination of mild splenomegaly is notoriously inaccurate. OBJECTIVES: To determine sonographically the spleen to left kidney ratio according to age and somatometric parameters among school age children in a tropical environment. METHODS: A cross sectional study and convenience sampling were done on 947 apparently healthy subjects (496 boys and 451 girls) aged 6-17 years at the University of Nigeria Medical Centre, Nsukka...
March 2014: African Health Sciences
Sophie de Seigneux, Belen Ponte, Lena Berchtold, Karine Hadaya, Pierre-Yves Martin, Andreas Pasch
Living kidney donors (LKDs) experience a decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after donation. Calcification propensity (T50 ) can be determined by a blood test predicting all-cause mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. We studied the impact of kidney donation on T50 and markers of arterial stiffness. We analyzed T50 prospectively before and 1 year after kidney donation in 21 LKDs along with fetuin-A, mineral metabolism markers, kidney length, pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AI), and renal resistive index (RRI) as markers of arterial stiffness...
September 2015: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Chao Wang, Yang Yang, Liping Jin, Ying Zhang, Guanglei Chen, Zhuliang Zhou, Minghui Song, Qingman Gao, Changchun Li, Tao Pan, Fagui He, Lu Ma
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the risk for major hemorrhage complications (MHC) prior to percutaneous renal biopsy and apply a specific procedure in high-risk patients to decrease their incidence. Hemorrhage complications that required blood transfusion or other interventions were diagnosed as MHC. METHODS: One retrospective (Group A, n = 1314) and two prospective cohorts (Group B, n = 249 and Group C, n = 422) were involved in the study. Group A was used to establish a risk equation for MHC, Group B to test its performance, and Group C to evaluate the efficacy of the proposed procedure to reduce MHC incidence...
December 2015: Journal of Nephrology
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