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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428831/cord-blood-hematopoietic-cells-from-preterm-infants-display-altered-dna-methylation-patterns
#1
Olivia M de Goede, Pascal M Lavoie, Wendy P Robinson
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are highly vulnerable to infection. This is partly attributable to the preterm immune system, which differs from that of the term neonate in cell composition and function. Multiple studies have found differential DNA methylation (DNAm) between preterm and term infants' cord blood; however, interpretation of these studies is limited by the confounding factor of blood cell composition. This study evaluates the epigenetic impact of preterm birth in isolated hematopoietic cell populations, reducing the concern of cell composition differences...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426540/family-functioning-predicts-end-of-life-care-quality-in-patients-with-cancer-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Myung Kyung Lee, Young Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Treating patients with cancer within a family setting is the accepted standard of care and a hallmark of end-of-life (EoL) quality of care (QoC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether family caregiver functioning predicts EoL QoC received by terminally ill patients with cancer. METHODS: Family caregivers of terminally ill patients with cancer (n = 264) were enrolled from oncology inpatient and outpatient units of 12 large hospitals located in different regions throughout South Korea...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#3
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409675/the-relation-between-driving-violations-and-health-promotion-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-self-report-of-road-behavior
#4
Liat Korn, Yossi Weiss, Tova Rosenbloom
Introduction The purposes of this study are to characterize the Israeli undergraduate students' driving violations in the terms of Problem Behavior Theory and to identify if there is any relationship between driving violations and health risk behaviors, daring behaviors, excitement-seeking, and health promotion behaviors. Methods This study is based on a structured self-reported anonymous questionnaire distributed to undergraduate students in an academic institution. The sample included 533 undergraduate students (374 females and 159 males)...
April 14, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409176/systemic-analysis-of-osteoblast-specific-dna-methylation-marks-reveals-novel-epigenetic-basis-of-osteoblast-differentiation
#5
Fangtang Yu, Hui Shen, Hong-Wen Deng
DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification that contributes to the lineage commitment and specific functions of different cell types. In this study, we compared ENCODE-generated genome-wide DNA methylation profiles of human osteoblast with 21 other types of human cells in order to identify osteoblast-specific methylation events. For most of the cell strains, data from two isogenic replicates were included, resulting in a total of 51 DNA methylation datasets. We identified 852 significant osteoblast-specific differentially methylated CpGs (DMCs) and 295 significant differentially methylated regions (DMRs)...
June 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406654/communication-moderates-effects-of-residential-mobility-on-relationship-quality-among-ethnically-diverse-couples
#6
Teresa P Nguyen, Hannah C Williamson, Benjamin R Karney, Thomas N Bradbury
Although interpersonal communication is a defining feature of committed relationships, the quality of couple communication has not proven to be a straightforward cause of relationship quality. At the same time, emerging models argue that external circumstances likely combine with communication to generate changes in relationship quality. We integrate these 2 ideas by proposing that communication does exert effects on changes in relationship quality, but primarily when couples encounter challenging situations that require an adaptive response...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403296/moral-suffering-among-nurse-educators-of-technical-courses-in-nursing
#7
Carla Godinho Duarte, Valéria Lerch Lunardi, Rosemary Silva da Silveira, Edson Luiz Devos Barlem, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin
OBJECTIVE: to understand situations of moral suffering experienced at work by nurse educators of technical courses in nursing. METHOD: a qualitative study with discursive textual analysis by means of semi-structured interviews with ten nurse educators at two professional educational institutions in southern Brazil. RESULTS: two categories were established: lack of commitment on the part of students to the future profession, expressed through disrespect and disregard for the work of nurse educators, with inappropriate behaviors and attitudes; and lack of commitment to the learning-teaching process, expressed by indifference to the professional profile and lack of interest in lessons and care practices associated with learning gaps...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401924/the-human-coparental-bond-implicates-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-longitudinal-impact-on-family-formation-and-child-well-being
#8
Eyal Abraham, Gadi Gilam, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Yael Jacob, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Talma Hendler, Ruth Feldman
Alloparental care, the cooperative care of offspring by group members other than the biological mother, has been widely practiced since early hominin evolution to increase infant survival and thriving. The coparental bond-a relationship of solidarity and commitment between two adults who join their effort to care for children- is a central contributor to children's well-being and sociality; yet, the neural basis of coparenting has not been studied in humans. Here, we followed 84 first-time co-parents (42 couples) across the first six years of family formation, including opposite-sex and same-sex couples, measured brain response to coparental stimuli, observed collaborative and undermining coparental behaviors in infancy and preschool, assayed oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and measured coparenting and child behavior problems at six years...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401508/on-effectiveness-and-legitimacy-of-shaming-as-a-strategy-for-combatting-climate-change
#9
Behnam Taebi, Azar Safari
While states have agreed to substantial reduction of emissions in the Paris Agreement, the success of the Agreement strongly depends on the cooperation of large Multinational Corporations. Short of legal obligations, we discuss the effectiveness and moral legitimacy of voluntary approaches based on naming and shaming. We argue that effectiveness and legitimacy are closely tied together; as voluntary approaches are the only alternative to legally imposed duties, they are most morally defensible particularly if they would be the most effective in reducing the harmful greenhouse gases...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399356/understanding-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-environment-on-paediatric-anti-retroviral-treatment-coverage-towards-closing-treatment-gaps-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398134/-i-told-her-this-is-your-life-relationship-dynamics-partner-support-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-south-african-couples
#11
Amy Conroy, Anna Leddy, Mallory Johnson, Thulani Ngubane, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes
Despite the important role of social relationships for health and wellbeing, little is known about how primary partners affect adherence to HIV care and treatment. We qualitatively explored how relationship dynamics and partner support influence adherence among couples from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Twenty-four heterosexual couples with at least one HIV-positive partner completed semi-structured interviews on topics including relationship dynamics (intimacy or emotional closeness, communication, violence), experiences with HIV care and treatment and HIV-related social support...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393682/new-feed-ingredients-the-insect-opportunity
#12
L W D van Raamsdonk, H J van der Fels-Klerx, J de Jong
In the framework of sustainability and a circular economy, new ingredients for feed are desired and, to this end, initiatives for implementing such novel ingredients have been started. The initiatives include a range of different sources, of which insects are of particular interest. Within the European Union, generally, a new feed ingredient should comply with legal constraints in terms of 'yes, provided that' its safety commits to a range of legal limits for heavy metals, mycotoxins, pesticides, contaminants, pathogens etc...
April 10, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392971/the-occurrence-and-traumatic-impact-of-sexual-revictimization-in-newlywed-couples
#13
David DiLillo, Anna E Jaffe, Laura E Watkins, James Peugh, Amanda Kras, Christopher Campbell
The present study examines whether individuals with a history of child sexual abuse are at risk of sexual revictimization in marriage and, if so, whether these experiences are associated with increased trauma symptomatology. Two hundred heterosexual newlywed couples were recruited from marriage license records and completed self-report assessments of past sexual victimization and sexual coercion within the marital dyad. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models revealed that, compared to non-victims, women with a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) experienced more acts of sexual coercion by their husbands during the past year...
December 2016: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392003/increasing-awareness-of-age-related-fertility-and-elective-fertility-preservation-among-medical-students-and-house-staff-a-pre-and-post-intervention-analysis
#14
Erica Anspach Will, Bat-Sheva Maslow, Leah Kaye, John Nulsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess medical students' and house staff's knowledge and personal and professional perceptions of age-related fertility and fertility preservation before and after an educational intervention. DESIGN: Pre-/post intervention survey. SETTING: University-based medical center. PATIENT(S): Medical students and house staff. INTERVENTION(S): An educational session on age-related fertility decline and elective fertility preservation...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388907/transitions-from-biomedical-to-recovery-oriented-practices-in-mental-health-a-scoping-review-to-explore-the-role-of-internet-based-interventions
#15
Monica Strand, Deede Gammon, Cornelia M Ruland
BACKGROUND: The Internet is transforming mental health care services by increasing access to, and potentially improving the quality of, care. Internet-based interventions in mental health can potentially play a role in transitions from biomedical to recovery-oriented research and practices, but an overview of what this may entail, current work, and issues that need addressing, is lacking. The objective of this study is to describe Internet-based recovery-oriented interventions (referred to as e-recovery) and current research, and to identify gaps and issues relevant to advancing recovery research and practices through opportunities provided by the Internet...
April 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383943/human-resource-management-and-unit-performance-in-knowledge-intensive-work
#16
Rebecca R Kehoe, Christopher J Collins
To clarify the potential value of a targeted system of human resource (HR) practices, we explore the unique effects of a relationship-oriented HR system and the more commonly studied high commitment HR system on unit performance in the context of knowledge-intensive work. We develop theoretical arguments suggesting that the high commitment HR system contributes to unit performance through its positive effects on employees' collective organizational commitment, general and firm-specific human capital, and access to knowledge...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383929/personality-strengths-in-romantic-relationships-measuring-perceptions-of-benefits-and-costs-and-their-impact-on-personal-and-relational-well-being
#17
Todd B Kashdan, Dan V Blalock, Kevin C Young, Kyla A Machell, Samuel S Monfort, Patrick E McKnight, Patty Ferssizidis
Three studies using samples of people in romantic relationships were conducted to create a new individual difference measure of partner strengths in couples. The 2 perceptions of partner strengths included (1) appreciation of their use and effectiveness and (2) recognition of costs associated with their use. Factor analyses supported 2-factors and we found that greater appreciation of partner strengths predicted greater relationship satisfaction, commitment, investment, intimacy, self-expansion, and support for goal pursuit; recognizing significant costs with partner strengths was inversely related to several outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380129/factors-associated-with-user-satisfaction-regarding-treatment-offered-in-brazilian-primary-health-care
#18
Ane Polline Lacerda Protasio, Luciano Bezerra Gomes, Liliane Dos Santos Machado, Ana Maria Gondim Valença
The Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) aimed to improve healthcare public service quality. The purpose of this study was to identify the main factors that influence user satisfaction in Brazilian primary health care services. This research was carried out using secondary data from the first cycle of the PMAQ-AB. A cluster analysis was carried out to find the dependent variable of user satisfaction; and logistic regression was applied in order to obtain the decision model. From the resulting regression model, two factors can be highlighted as regards influencing user satisfaction in Brazil: the user's perception that the team did not attempt to address their needs/problems within the health unit; and the user not feeling respected by the professionals in relation to cultural habits, customs, and religion or only sometimes feeling so...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379130/-evaluation-of-insomnia-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide
#19
REVIEW
Franklin Escobar-Córdoba, Margarita Quijano-Serrano, José Manuel Calvo-González
OBJECTIVE: Perform a non-systematic review of the literature to describe the relationship between insomnia and suicide and the findings of these studies. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS, and Cochrane Library OVID data combining MeSH terms: "Suicide and sleep initiation and maintenance disorders". RESULTS: Insomnia has been related to suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide deaths in cross sectional studies since more than a decade...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361500/the-role-of-family-planning-in-achieving-safe-pregnancy-for-serodiscordant-couples-commentary-from-the-united-states-government-s-interagency-task-force-on-family-planning-and-hiv-service-integration
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer Mason, Amy Medley, Sarah Yeiser, Vienna R Nightingale, Nithya Mani, Tabitha Sripipatana, Andrew Abutu, Beverly Johnston, D Heather Watts
INTRODUCTION: People living with HIV (PLHIV) have the right to exercise voluntary choices about their health, including their reproductive health. This commentary discusses the integral role that family planning (FP) plays in helping PLHIV, including those in serodiscordant relationships, achieve conception safely. The United States (US) President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is committed to meeting the reproductive health needs of PLHIV by improving their access to voluntary FP counselling and services, including prevention of unintended pregnancy and counselling for safer conception...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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