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commitment in relationships

Zeynep Sofuoğlu, Görkem Sarıyer, M Gökalp Ataman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Child maltreatment, i.e. abuse and neglect, is a significant problem worldwide and can cause impaired physical and mental health throughout life. The true extent still remains unknown in all countries, including Turkey. The aim of this study was to apply the two versions of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool of ICAST-C and ICAST-P, which are used to assess child and parent feedback and to compare reports given by children and those given by parents...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Melanie T Tucker, Dwight W Lewis, Pamela Payne Foster, Felecia Lucky, Lea G Yerby, Lisle Hites, John C Higginbotham
Developing meaningful community-based participatory relationships between researchers and the community can be challenging. The overall success of a community-based participatory relationship should be predicated on commitment and respect from empowered stakeholders. Prior to developing the technique discussed in this article, we hypothesized that the process of fostering relationships between researchers and the community was much like a social relationship: It has to develop organically and cannot be forced...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Hassaan Tohid
Introduction: The world renowned comedian and four-time Oscar nominated actor Robin Williams died on August 11, 2014. From the outset, the news indicated that his death was believed to be a suicide and this was later confirmed to be true by the autopsy reports. Williams had been suffering from severe depression, which is believed to be the leading contributor to his suicide. In this case study, I will highlight the event of the actor's suicide and the main risk factors along with depression leading to his tragic death...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Joseph Currin, Randolph Hubach, Carissa Sanders, Tonya Hammer
Since few researchers have analyzed sexting behaviors in non-university based adult sample, we sought to determine if sexting is associated with negative psychological correlates and risky sexual behaviors in this population. Analysis of individuals who indicated having vaginal or anal sex in the past 12 months and as single (n = 377) showed that condomless sex is independent of sexting behaviors. Results for those in committed relationships (n = 374) and having had vaginal or anal sex in the past 12 months also demonstrated condomless sex and sexting behaviors were not related...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Mervi Flinkman, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Olivia Numminen, Yunsuk Jeon, Liisa Kuokkanen, Riitta Meretoja
AIM: To report a systematic and psychometric review. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Competence Scale is currently the most widely used generic instrument to measure registered nurses' competence in different phases of their careers. Based on a decade of research, this review provides a summary of the existing evidence. DESIGN: A systematic literature review of research evidence and psychometric properties. DATA SOURCES: Nine databases from 2004 - October 2015...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Nicola Vannini, Mukul Girotra, Olaia Naveiras, Gennady Nikitin, Vasco Campos, Sonja Giger, Aline Roch, Johan Auwerx, Matthias P Lutolf
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) differ from their committed progeny by relying primarily on anaerobic glycolysis rather than mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation for energy production. However, whether this change in the metabolic program is the cause or the consequence of the unique function of HSCs remains unknown. Here we show that enforced modulation of energy metabolism impacts HSC self-renewal. Lowering the mitochondrial activity of HSCs by chemically uncoupling the electron transport chain drives self-renewal under culture conditions that normally induce rapid differentiation...
October 12, 2016: Nature Communications
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Cristina Mosso, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
Today well-being attracts the attention of public health professionals who are looking to explore life satisfaction as a whole and its specific domains. In order to contribute in moving the measurement of subjective well-being from a primarily academic activity to the sphere of intervention, we need to assess tools to measure multidimensional well-being (MWB) adopting state-of-the-art statistical techniques. Through structural equation modelling our goal was to test a MWB model among Italian and Serbian university students and to further observe its relationships with measures of life goals' pursuing...
October 5, 2016: Health Promotion International
Narelle Borrott, Sharon Kinney, Fiona Newall, Allison Williams, Noel Cranswick, Ian Wong, Elizabeth Manias
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how communication between nurses and doctors occurred for managing medications in inpatient paediatric settings. BACKGROUND: Communication between health professionals influences medication incidents' occurrence and safe care. DESIGN: An ethnographic study was undertaken. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews, observations and focus groups were conducted in three clinical areas of an Australian tertiary paediatric hospital...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Michio Takemura
Research on kleptomania has lagged behind that of other mental disorders, and very few clinicians specialize in treating such patients. Futhermore, the descriptive outline of kleptomania in the DSM-5 is vague. In 2008, we started a registration system for patients suffering from habitual theft, which has recorded 1430 cases since its inauguration. In this report, we explain the concept of kleptomania and describe our clinical experience in the treatment of patients suffering from this mental disorder. The most frequent complication of kleptomania was found to be eating disorder (especially bulimia)...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Fumiko Satoh, Motoki Osawa
We examined 169 deceased persons and 76 homicide-suicide cases reported in Japan's Kanagawa Prefecture from 1999 to 2011. The relationships between homicide-suicide perpetrators and homicide victims; the numbers of victims; their age, sex, causes and places of death; motivation; and the presence or absence of a suicide note were extracted and examined. The relationship between homicide-suicide perpetrators and homicide victims was examined based on findings from the following: 24 married couples (31%), 22 parents and children aged ≥18 years (29%), 19 parents and children aged ≤17 years (25%), seven families (9%), two couples (3%) and two miscellaneous relationships (3%)...
October 3, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
Olfa Ghali, Nathalie Al Rassy, Pierre Hardouin, Christophe Chauveau
Elevated bone marrow adiposity (BMA) is defined as an increase in the proportion of the bone marrow (BM) cavity volume occupied by adipocytes. This can be caused by an increase in the size and/or number of adipocytes. BMA increases with age in a bone-site-specific manner. This increase may be linked to certain pathophysiological situations. Osteoporosis or compromised bone quality is frequently associated with high BMA. The involvement of BM adipocytes in bone loss may be due to commitment of mesenchymal stem cells to the adipogenic pathway rather than the osteogenic pathway...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Flowerika, Anshu Alok, Jitesh Kumar, Neha Thakur, Ashutosh Pandey, Ajay Kumar Pandey, Santosh Kumar Upadhyay, Siddharth Tiwari
Phytoene synthase (PSY) regulates the first committed step of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway in plants. The present work reports identification and characterization of the three PSY genes (TaPSY1, TaPSY2 and TaPSY3) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The TaPSY1, TaPSY2, and TaPSY3 genes consisted of three homoeologs on the long arm of group 7 chromosome (7L), short arm of group 5 chromosome (5S), and long arm of group 5 chromosome (5L), respectively in each subgenomes (A, B, and D) with a similarity range from 89% to 97%...
2016: PloS One
Irene Cheung, Lorne Campbell, Etienne P LeBel
Finkel, Rusbult, Kumashiro, and Hannon (2002, Study 1) demonstrated a causal link between subjective commitment to a relationship and how people responded to hypothetical betrayals of that relationship. Participants primed to think about their commitment to their partner (high commitment) reacted to the betrayals with reduced exit and neglect responses relative to those primed to think about their independence from their partner (low commitment). The priming manipulation did not affect constructive voice and loyalty responses...
September 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
R Craig Sineath, Cory Woodyatt, Travis Sanchez, Shawn Giammattei, Theresa Gillespie, Enid Hunkeler, Ashli Owen-Smith, Virginia P Quinn, Douglas Roblin, Robert Stephenson, Patrick S Sullivan, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
Purpose: Medical gender confirmation therapy (GCT) plays an important role in transgender health; however, its prevalence and determinants constitute an area of uncertainty. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from an online survey distributed from October 2012 through the end of 2013 among persons who visited the social media sites of a transgender education and social networking meeting. Eligible respondents (n=280) were persons whose gender identity was different from their sex assigned at birth and who responded to questions about previously received or planned hormonal therapy (HT), chest reconstruction, or genital surgery...
2016: Transgend Health
Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Jin Lee, Anna C McFadden, Jennifer Rineer, Michelle M Robertson
Research has shown that safety climate is among the strongest predictors of safety behavior and safety outcomes in a variety of settings. Previous studies have established that safety climate is a multi-faceted construct referencing multiple levels of management within a company, most generally: the organization level (employee perceptions of top management's commitment to and prioritization of safety) and group level (employee perceptions of direct supervisor's commitment to and prioritization of safety). Yet, no research to date has examined the potential interaction between employees' organization-level safety climate (OSC) and group-level safety climate (GSC) perceptions...
September 26, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Blake Victor Kent
Research on organizational commitment suggests there is an association between American theists' emotional attachment to God and their emotional commitment to the workplace. A sense of divine calling has been shown to partially mediate this association, but beyond that, little is known. The purpose of this study is to shed further light on the relationship between secure attachment to God and affective organizational commitment. I do so by testing whether the employee's religious tradition is associated with affective organizational commitment and whether the employee's firm attributes moderate the relationship between attachment to God and organizational commitment...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
Neetu A John, Assefa Seme, Meselech Assegid Roro, Amy O Tsui
This study explores the meaning of marital relationship quality (MRQ) among couples in peri-urban Ethiopia. We examined the factor structure of MRQ by assessing the reliability and validity of four validated Western scales capturing domains of trust, commitment, satisfaction and communication through exploratory factor analysis. Although most of the items of the original Western scales were relevant for the study population, the domains did not mirror the original Western scales and varied by gender. Interestingly, while the domains of commitment and trust followed the Western scales and were very similar across gender, the third domain, which we labelled conflict differed by gender...
August 16, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Xin Sun, Justin C St John
Mitochondrial DNA replication is critical for maintaining mtDNA copy number to generate sufficient cellular energy that is required for development and for functional cells. In early development, mtDNA copy number is strictly regulated at different stages, and, as a result, the establishment of the mtDNA set point is required for sequential cell lineage commitment. The failure to establish the mtDNA set point results in incomplete differentiation or embryonic arrest. The regulation of mtDNA copy number during differentiation is closely associated with cellular gene expression, especially with the pluripotency network, and DNA methylation profiles...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Géraldine San Jose, Emily R Jackson, Amanda Haymond, Chinchu Johny, Rachel L Edwards, Xu Wang, R Carl Brothers, Emma K Edelstein, Audrey R Odom, Helena I Boshoff, Robin D Couch, Cynthia S Dowd
Despite continued research efforts, the threat of drug resistance from a variety of bacteria continues to plague clinical communities. Discovery and validation of novel biochemical targets will facilitate development of new drugs to combat these organisms. The methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway to make isoprene units is a biosynthetic pathway essential to many bacteria. We and others have explored inhibitors of the MEP pathway as novel antibacterial agents. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, and Yersinia pestis, resulting in the plague or "black death", both rely on the MEP pathway for isoprene production...
October 12, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Jay N Nathwani, Rebekah M Fiers, Rebecca D Ray, Anna K Witt, Katherine E Law, ShannonM DiMarco, Carla M Pugh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to coevaluate resident technical errors and decision-making capabilities during placement of a subclavian central venous catheter (CVC). We hypothesize that there would be significant correlations between scenario-based decision-making skills and technical proficiency in central line insertion. We also predict residents would face problems in anticipating common difficulties and generating solutions associated with line placement. DESIGN: Participants were asked to insert a subclavian central line on a simulator...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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