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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#1
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332036/the-committed-intimate-partnerships-of-incarcerated-african-american-men-implications-for-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-and-prevention-opportunities
#2
Maria R Khan, Nabila El-Bassel, Carol E Golin, Joy D Scheidell, Adaora A Adimora, Ashley M Coatsworth, Hui Hu, Selena Judon-Monk, Katie P Medina, David A Wohl
Incarceration is thought to influence HIV transmission by disrupting partnerships that provide support and protect against sex risk-taking. Current correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs focus on marital partnerships, a minority of inmates' partnerships. Research on the sex partnerships of incarcerated African-American men and the types of partnerships most likely to protect against HIV-related sex risk is limited. Improved understanding can inform expansion of correctional facility-based family-strengthening programs to a greater proportion of protective partnerships and HIV risk reduction programs to partnerships vulnerable to sex risk...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329841/using-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-profiles-of-elder-abuse-perpetrators
#3
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#4
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323560/experiences-of-men-who-commit-to-romantic-relationships-with-younger-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#5
Rachel A Freidus
This phenomenological study examined the experiences of men who committed to romantic relationships with women under 50, post breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Twelve men from throughout the United States, who were dating their partner for at least six months, participated in semi-structured interviews. Findings focused on initial disclosure timing, previous experience/knowledge about the cancer, reacting with acceptance despite concerns, focusing on love/connection, respecting and admiring the survivor, and the ongoing impact of cancer on the relationship...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321866/bridging-worlds-participatory-thinking-in-jungian-context
#6
Robin S Brown
Introducing the 'participatory' paradigm associated with the work of transpersonalists Richard Tarnas and Jorge Ferrer, the author outlines an approach to Jung's archetypal thinking that might offer a more adequate basis in which to ground a non-reductive approach to practice. In order to demonstrate the relevance of this outlook at the present time, the author begins by examining recent debates concerning the nature of 'truth' in the clinical setting. Reflecting on the difficulties analysts face in attempting to maintain professional authority without falling into an implicit authoritarianism, it is argued that any approach to therapy seeking to orient itself towards 'the unconscious' must posit the challenges of pluralism as a central concern for practice...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#7
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319147/the-i-in-us-or-the-eye-on-us-regulatory-focus-commitment-and-derogation-of-an-attractive-alternative-person
#8
David Rodrigues, Diniz Lopes, Madoka Kumashiro
When individuals are highly committed to their romantic relationship, they are more likely to engage in pro-relationship maintenance mechanisms. The present research expanded on the notion that commitment redirects self-oriented goals to consider broader relational goals and examined whether commitment interacts with a promotion and prevention focus to activate derogation of attractive alternatives. Three studies used cross-sectional and experimental approaches. Study 1 showed that romantically involved individuals predominantly focused on promotion, but not prevention, reported less initial attraction to an attractive target than single individuals, especially when highly committed to their relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318431/the-pursuit-of-romantic-alternatives-online-social-media-friends-as-potential-romantic-alternatives
#9
Irum Saeed Abbasi, Nawal G Alghamdi
What causes some marriages to stand the test of time while others fail? Marital commitment is the key force underlying the stability, quality, and longevity of the romantic relationship. Commitment is strengthened in the presence of marital satisfaction, the absence of alternative attractions, and steady investments made in the relationship. Commitment is also a consequence of increasing dependence such that when partners are emotionally engaged with their virtual connections, their dependence on their significant other weakens resulting in low commitment...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296887/migrant-women-s-experiences-meanings-and-ways-of-dealing-with-postnatal-depression-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#10
Virginia Schmied, Emma Black, Norell Naidoo, Hannah G Dahlen, Pranee Liamputtong
AIM: To conduct a meta-ethnographic study of the experiences, meanings and ways of 'dealing with' symptoms or a diagnosis of postnatal depression amongst migrant women living in high income countries. BACKGROUND: Prevalence of postnatal depression is highest amongst women who are migrants. Yet many women do not seek help for their symptoms and health services do not always respond appropriately to migrant women's needs. Studies have reported migrant women's experiences of postnatal depression and it is timely to synthesise findings from these studies to understand how services can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295811/examining-the-effect-of-affective-commitment-to-the-supervisor-on-nurses-psychological-health-as-a-function-of-internal-locus-of-control
#11
Tiphaine Huyghebaert, Nicolas Gillet, Caroline Becker, Solene Kerhardy, Evelyne Fouquereau
AIM: This research aimed to examine how affective commitment to the supervisor related to nurses' well- and ill-being, and to explore the moderating function of internal locus of control in these relationships. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of affective commitment to the supervisor on well- and ill-being, even less so in the nursing profession. Moreover, previous studies suggested that nurses' psychological reactions to their work environment might vary as a function of their individual characteristics...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293766/daily-grind-a-comparison-of-causality-orientations-emotions-and-fantasy-sport-participation
#12
Brendan Dwyer, James Weiner
In 2015, daily fantasy football entered the fantasy sports market as an offshoot of the traditional, season-long form of the game. With quicker payouts and less commitment, the new activity has drawn comparisons to other forms of illegal gambling, and the determination of whether it is a primarily a game of skill or chance has become the center of the comparison. For the most part, legal commentators and society, in general, views traditional, season-long fantasy football as an innocuous, social activity governed equally by both skill and chance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292289/at-first-glance-informal-payments-experience-on-track-why-accept-or-refuse-patients-perceive-in-cardiac-surgery-department-of-public-hospitals-northeast-of-iran-2013
#13
Ali Vafaei Najar, Hossein Ebrahimipour, Arefeh Pourtaleb, Habibollah Esmaily, Mehdi Jafari, Zohre Nejatzadegan, Yasamin Molavi Taleghani
BACKGROUND: Patient's Informal payments is among the main source of health care financing in some countries. This paper aimed at determining the patient informal payments and relative factors in Cardiac Surgery Departments (CSD) in hospitals affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS) in 2013. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 316 discharged patients were selected using multi-stage sampling. Data gathering tool was a questionnaire which was filled by structured telephone interviews...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287801/multiple-indicators-of-sexual-interest-in-prepubescent-or-pubescent-children-as-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism
#14
Skye Stephens, James M Cantor, Alasdair M Goodwill, Michael C Seto
OBJECTIVE: Sexual interest in children is a well-known risk factor for sexual reoffending (recidivism). The present study examined the relationship between sexual interest in prepubescent children (pedophilia) or pubescent children (hebephilia) and sexual recidivism. It extended previous work by using multiple indicators of sexual interest, using a more sensitive phallometric procedure that measures change in penile blood volume, and examining both hebephilia alongside pedophilia, as well as noncontact sexual recidivism...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283774/in-australia-most-hiv-infections-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-are-attributable-to-sex-with-new-partners
#15
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Graham Brown, Garrett Prestage
It has been estimated that the majority of global HIV infections among gay and bisexual men (GBM) can be attributed to sex within a committed relationship. In Australia, however, negotiated safety, whereby HIV-negative regular partners agree to discard condoms with each other but commit to consistent condom use with other partners, has been promoted as a key component of the HIV prevention response. We asked GBM recently diagnosed with HIV to describe their relationship to the person they believed to be the source of their infection ('source person')...
March 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282297/sensemaking-stakeholder-discord-and-long-term-risk-communication-at-a-us-superfund-site
#16
Anna Goodman Hoover
INTRODUCTION: Risk communication can help reduce exposures to environmental contaminants, mitigate negative health outcomes, and inform community-based decisions about hazardous waste sites. While communication best practices have long guided such efforts, little research has examined unintended consequences arising from such guidelines. As rhetoric informs stakeholder sensemaking, the language used in and reinforced by these guidelines can challenge relationships and exacerbate stakeholder tensions...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280472/measuring-responsible-gambling-amongst-players-development-of-the-positive-play-scale
#17
Richard T A Wood, Michael J A Wohl, Nassim Tabri, Kahlil Philander
The modern gambling industry has, by-in-large, assumed a duty of care to minimize the risks associated with gambling, which has manifested in responsible gambling (RG) programming (e.g., educating players about the odds of success). The current study fills a void in gambling operators, regulators, and researchers ability to measure RG beliefs and behavior in their player-base, with the development and validation of the Positive Play Scale (PPS). In Study 1, we reviewed the literature and consulted 30 players as well as 10 RG experts to help generate a definition of RG beliefs and behavior that helped guide item generation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277724/newcomer-adjustment-examining-the-role-of-managers-perception-of-newcomer-proactive-behavior-during-organizational-socialization
#18
Allison M Ellis, Sushil S Nifadkar, Talya N Bauer, Berrin Erdogan
Separate streams of organizational socialization research have recognized the importance of (a) newcomer proactivity and (b) manager support in facilitating newcomer adjustment. However, extant research has largely focused on the newcomers' experience, leaving the perspectives of managers during socialization relatively unexplored-a theoretical gap that has implications both for newcomer adjustment and manager-newcomer interactions that may serve as a basis for future relationship development. Drawing from the "interlocked" employee behavior argument of Weick (1979), we propose that managers' perception of newcomers' proactive behaviors are associated with concordant manager behaviors, which, in turn, support newcomer adjustment...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277704/relational-underpinnings-of-condom-use-findings-from-the-project-on-partner-dynamics
#19
Christopher R Agnew, S Marie Harvey, Laura E VanderDrift, Jocelyn Warren
OBJECTIVE: To examine how relational qualities, including commitment to a sexual partner, are associated with condom use among young heterosexual adults at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Guided by the investment model of commitment processes, we hypothesized that sexual partner commitment is a function of satisfaction with, alternatives to, and investments in the relationship. Commitment to a sexual partner is, in turn, associated with reduced perceptions of vulnerability to sexually transmitted infection acquisition, which results in lowered condom use intentions and use...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276923/-good-culture-bad-culture-polygyny-cultural-change-and-structural-drivers-of-hiv-in-papua-new-guinea
#20
Patti Shih, Heather Worth, Joanne Travaglia, Angela Kelly-Hanku
Culture is often problematised as a key structural driver of HIV transmission in Papua New Guinea. Official HIV programmes, as well as church teachings, tend to focus on customary marital practices of polygyny and bride price payments as 'harmful traditions'. This focus can oversimplify the effects of current and historical nuances of cultural, political and economic change on sexual concurrency and gender inequality. Community-based healthcare workers in Southern Highlands Province explain that customary marital practices are now highly reconfigured from their traditional forms...
February 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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