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Donna M Lake, Patricia E Allen, Myrna L Armstrong
Nursing continues to face professional workforce and diversity shortage problems. This article advocates for examining an untapped resource-the consideration of applicants for nursing leadership and educational positions in civilian health care organizations. This untapped resource is highly qualified, already retired (or going to be separated) military nurse officers (MNOs) who possess extensive health care knowledge, as well as distinctive ethnicity and gender composition. Clinical educators, as part of the organizational leadership, can play an important role in assisting the MNO civilian position assimilation because they come from a structured and unique cultural environment...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Giandra Anceski Bataglion, Alcyane Marinho
The scope of this study was to establish the perception of family members regarding playful activities developed for children with disabilities at a public health institution in Florianópolis (Santa Catarina State). It is a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach to the data. The participants were family members of children with disabilities who receive health care in a rehabilitation institution. For data collection, a semi-structured interview script with systematic observations was used...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Carla Ferreira de Paula Gebara, Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri, Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Bhona, Marcel de Toledo Vieira, Lelio Moura Lourenço, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial factors associated with violence by women against their children, using a household survey. METHODS: Households in two neighborhoods in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with different socioeconomic profiles, were selected through probability sampling and surveyed. A total of 446 women with children up to 18 years of age were interviewed. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the CTSPC (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales), the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) were applied...
October 25, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Anita T Mohan, Lin Zhu, Zhen Wang, Aparna Vijayasekaran, Michel Saint-Cyr
BACKGROUND: Perforator selection is critical to deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap harvest. Commitment to a single perforator has the potential benefit of a simpler dissection, but may increase fat necrosis or perfusion-related complications compared with multiple perforator harvest. METHODS: A 3-year retrospective study was carried out of all patients who underwent DIEP flap breast reconstruction performed by the senior author (M.S.-C). Data were collected on patient demographics and surgical outcomes...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
L Guariguata, C Guell, T A Samuels, E A J A Rouwette, J Woodcock, I R Hambleton, N Unwin
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is highly prevalent in the Caribbean, associated with a high morbidity and mortality and is a recognised threat to economic and social development. Heads of Government in the Caribbean Community came together in 2007 and declared their commitment to reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes, by calling for a multi-sectoral, systemic response. To facilitate the development of effective policies, policymakers are being engaged in the development and use of a system dynamics (SD) model of diabetes for Caribbean countries...
October 26, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
S Katrina Perehudoff, Brigit Toebes, Hans Hogerzeil
A constitutional guarantee of access to essential medicines has been identified as an important indicator of government commitment to the progressive realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of health. The objective of this study was to evaluate provisions on access to essential medicines in national constitutions, to identify comprehensive examples of constitutional text on medicines that can be used as a model for other countries, and to evaluate the evolution of constitutional medicines-related rights since 2008...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
Ruth Elwood Martin, Renee Turner, Larry Howett, Terry Howard, Debra Hanberg, Jane A Buxton, Veronika Moravan, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVES: The intervention objectives were to evaluate and describe the feasibility of using a community-based research (CBR) approach to adapt and implement HIV-prevention materials and tools with incarcerated men. We found no prior published reports about CBR HIV-prevention education in Canadian correctional facilities. METHODS: Twelve members of the correctional Peer Education Committee (PEC) and Aboriginal PEC, whom a correctional nurse identified as being interested in preventive health, were purposively invited to participate...
October 25, 2016: Global Health Promotion
Wendy M Gordon
Midwifery associations are increasing awareness and commitment to racial equity in the profession and in the communities we serve. Moving these commitments from words into action may be facilitated by a racial equity toolkit to help guide midwifery organizations to consider all policies, initiatives, and actions with a racial equity lens. Racial equity impact analyses have been used in recent years by various governmental agencies in the United States and abroad with positive results, and emerging literature indicates that nonprofit organizations are having similarly positive results...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Ying Shao, Qian-Zhao Chen, Yu-Hua Zeng, Yang Li, Wen-Yan Ren, Lin-Yun Zhou, Rong-Xin Liu, Ke Wu, Jun-Qing Yang, Zhong-Liang Deng, Yu Yu, Wen-Juan Sun, Bai-Cheng He
Rosiglitazone (RSG) is a potent drug used in the treatment of insulin resistance; however, it is associated with marked skeletal toxicity. RSG-induced osteoporosis may contribute to the promotion of adipogenic differentiation at the expense of osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RSG-induced bone toxicity can be reversed by combined treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We examined different osteogenic markers in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) following treatment with RSG, ATRA, or RSG and ATRA in combination...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Karen Zwickel, Jenna Koppel, Marie Katz, Katherine Virkstis, Sarah Rothenberger, Carol Boston-Fleischhauer
To transform healthcare delivery, frontline nursing staff must be committed to their work and to driving their organization's mission forward. However, Advisory Board Survey Solutions data show that nurses are the least engaged as compared with other frontline staff. In this article, the authors identify a top opportunity for improving nurse engagement: ensuring that nurses understand how executives' actions reflect their organization's missions and values.
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
M H Nagtegaal, K Goethals, G Meynen
So far, it is not known what costs and benefits are connected with the tbs-measure, a measure that involves a mandatory treatment programme for forensic psychiatric patients.<br/> AIM: To explore the costs and benefits that the tbs-measure has on society, on other important stakeholders such as victims and/or next-of-kin and the forensic psychiatric patients themselves. <br/> METHOD: We studied the relevant literature.<br/> RESULTS: The average costs of the tbs-treatment programme are 1.5 million euros...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Wensi Tao, Robert Moore, Yue Meng, Toni M Yeasky, Elizabeth R Smith, Xiang-Xi Xu
Disabled-2 (Dab2) is a widely expressed clathrin binding endocytic adaptor protein and known for the endocytosis of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) family receptors. Dab2 also modulates endosomal Ras/MAPK (Erk1/2) activity by regulating the disassembly of Grb2/Sos1 complexes associated with clathrin-coated vesicles. We found that the most prominent phenotype of Dab2 knockout mice was their striking lean body composition under a high fat and high caloric diet, although the weight of the mutant mice was indistinguishable from wild-type littermates on a regular chow...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sgb Furness, D L Hare, A Kourakis, A M Turnley, P J Wookey
We have discovered that the accumulation of an anti-calcitonin receptor (anti-CTR) antibody conjugated to a fluorophore (mAb2C4:AF568) provides a robust signal for cells undergoing apoptotic programmed cell death (PCD). PCD is an absolute requirement for normal development of metazoan organisms. PCD is a hallmark of common diseases such as cardiovascular disease and tissue rejection in graft versus host pathologies, and chemotherapeutics work by increasing PCD. This robust signal or high fluorescent events were verified by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry in several cell lines and a primary culture in which PCD had been induced...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
François Courcy, Alexandre J S Morin, Isabelle Madore
Exposure to workplace violence has been identified as a serious and universal issue facing modern organizations. The present study focuses more specifically on exposure to psychological violence, and its association with turnover intentions as mediated by workplace affective commitment. In addition, we also explore the moderating role of various facets of job demands (role stressors) and resources (social support) on the aforementioned relations. Data collected from 1,228 university employees indicated that experiencing psychological violence at work was associated with lower levels of workplace affective commitment and higher levels of turnover intentions, and that the relation between psychological violence and turnover intentions was partially mediated by commitment...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Marvin S Swartz, Sayanti Bhattacharya, Allison G Robertson, Jeffrey W Swanson
OBJECTIVE: Involuntary outpatient commitment (OPC)-also referred to as 'assisted outpatient treatment' or 'community treatment orders'-are civil court orders whereby persons with serious mental illness and repeated hospitalisations are ordered to adhere to community-based treatment. Increasingly, in the United States, OPC is promoted to policy makers as a means to prevent violence committed by persons with mental illness. This article reviews the background and context for promotion of OPC for violence prevention and the empirical evidence for the use of OPC for this goal...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Nina Galanter, Dennis Silva, Jonathan T Rowell, Jan Rychtář
Many organisms maintain collective territories and compete on behalf of the fitness of the overall group. Inspired by this concept, the territorial raider model is a graph-based resource competition in which populations have fixed home locations and a limited range of sites accessible for raiding. In our present extension of the model, groups control "colonies" or "armies" which can be divided across multiple locations. We present Nash equilibria for games played on both regular graphs and regular bipartite graphs, and we also examine differences that emerge when populations are composed of discrete units (pack scale) or when they are continuously divisible (colony scale)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Kerem Shuval, Michal Stoklosa, Mark Pachucki, Amy L Yaroch, Jeffrey Drope, Matthew Harding
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between economic time preferences and frequency of fast food and full-service restaurant consumption among U.S. adults. METHODS: Participants included 5871U.S. adults who responded to a survey conducted in 2011 pertaining to the lifestyle behaviors of families and the social context of these behaviors. The primary independent variable was a measure of time preferences, an intertemporal choice assessing delay discounting. This was elicited via responses to preferences for an immediate dollar amount or a larger sum in 30 (30-day time horizon) or 60days (60-day time horizon)...
October 21, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Hao Cong Le, Thang Van Nguyen, Thu Nguyen Phong Huynh, Phuong Truc Huynh
The results of gross alpha and beta radioactivity measurement in water spinach samples from some districts in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam are presented in this paper. The measurements were performed using a low-background proportional counters LB4200 manufactured by Canberra Company, Inc. Mean concentrations of gross alpha and beta activity were found to be 1.50 ± 0.38 Bq kg(-1) to 84.25 ± 8.67 Bq kg(-1). In order to keep the recommended dose level, a recommended maximum intake of water spinach was proposed to be 6 kg fresh per year...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Yen Lee Angela Kwok, Craig P Juergens, Mary-Louise McLaws
BACKGROUND: Daily feedback from continuous automated auditing with a peer reminder intervention was used to improve compliance. Compliance rates from covert and overt automated auditing phases with and without intervention were compared with human mandatory audits. METHODS: An automated system was installed to covertly detect hand hygiene events with each depression of the alcohol-based handrub dispenser for 5 months. The overt phase included key clinicians trained to share daily rates with clinicians, set compliance goals, and nudge each other to comply for 6 months...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
D Wang, A Fu
Mitochondria possess oxygen-consuming respiratory electron transfer chains (RETCs), and the oxygen-evolving photosynthetic electron transfer chain (PETC) resides in chloroplasts. Evolutionarily mitochondria and chloroplasts are derived from ancient α-proteobacteria and cyanobacteria, respectively. However, cyanobacteria harbor both RETC and PETC on their thylakoid membranes. It is proposed that chloroplasts could possess a RETC on the thylakoid membrane, in addition to PETC. Identification of a plastid terminal oxidase (PTOX) in the chloroplast from the Arabidopsis variegation mutant immutans (im) demonstrated the presence of a RETC in chloroplasts, and the PTOX is the committed oxidase...
2016: Enzymes
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