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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633940/mindfulness-based-interventions-with-youth-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-group-design-studies
#1
David A Klingbeil, Tyler L Renshaw, Jessica B Willenbrink, Rebecca A Copek, Kai Tai Chan, Aaron Haddock, Jordan Yassine, Jesse Clifton
The treatment effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) with youth were synthesized from 76 studies involving 6121 participants. A total of 885 effect sizes were aggregated using meta-regression with robust variance estimation. Overall, MBIs were associated with small treatment effects in studies using pre-post (g=0.305, SE=0.039) and controlled designs (g=0.322, SE=0.040). Treatment effects were measured after a follow-up period in 24 studies (n=1963). Results demonstrated that treatment effects were larger at follow-up than post-treatment in pre-post (g=0...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633758/listen-when-words-don-t-come-easy
#2
Sandra van Dulmen
OBJECTIVE: Listening is at the very heart of communication in healthcare, but largely ignored in research and teaching. This paper presents different perspectives on listening within the context of healthcare and its implications for goal-directed communication. METHODS: The assets of listening are examined from several angles (the listening patient, the listening health professional, and the listening self) and illustrated by the results of relevant research. RESULTS: Listening is a multidimensional concept and serves different purposes in healthcare...
June 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633042/feasibility-study-of-a-family-focused-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-for-children-with-fasd
#3
Natasha Reid, Sharon Dawe, Paul Harnett, Doug Shelton, Lauren Hutton, Frances O'Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can benefit from interventions, and specifically interventions focused on improving self-regulation. However, novel ways of improving outcomes for children with FASD need further investigation so that programs target not only the individual child but also the family context, which includes the parent-child relationship. AIMS: The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an adapted version of the Parents under Pressure (PuP) program that addresses self-regulatory processes, through improving the parent-child relationship and the use of mindfulness-based strategies for both children and parents...
June 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#4
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632043/simultanagnosia-and-object-individuation
#5
Veronica Mazza
Simultanagnosic patients have difficulty in perceiving multiple objects when presented simultaneously. In this review article, I discuss how neuropsychological research on simultanagnosia has been inspirational for two interconnected lines of research related to the core mechanisms by which the visual system processes cluttered scenes. First, I review previous studies on enumeration tasks indicating that, despite their inability to identify multiple objects, simultanagnosic patients can enumerate up to 2-3 elements as efficiently as healthy individuals (the so-called "subitizing" phenomenon)...
June 6, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631526/lifetime-experience-with-classic-psychedelics-predicts-pro-environmental-behavior-through-an-increase-in-nature-relatedness
#6
Matthias Forstmann, Christina Sagioglou
In a large-scale ( N = 1487) general population online study, we investigated the relationship between past experience with classic psychedelic substances (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline), nature relatedness, and ecological behavior (e.g. saving water, recycling). Using structural equation modeling we found that experience with classic psychedelics uniquely predicted self-reported engagement in pro-environmental behaviors, and that this relationship was statistically explained by people's degree of self-identification with nature...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629232/latent-profile-analysis-of-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-a-sample-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#7
Jenny Gu, Anke Karl, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss, Thorsten Barnhofer, Catherine Crane
BACKGROUND: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning. METHOD: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629096/synthesis-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-and-their-dispersions-with-special-reference-to-applications-in-biomedicine-and-biotechnology
#8
REVIEW
R V Mehta
Biomedical and biotechnological applications of magnetic nanoparticles and their dispersions in liquids are found to be potentially useful. An exponential growth in publications of papers, reviews and patents has been observed. Possibilities of their indiscriminate use on individual as well as environmental health hazards are also investigated. Still, there appears to be a good scope for further research work in the field. Even a small improvement either in preparation method or development of novel nanoparticles may prove to be beneficial in longer run...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628590/the-past-present-and-future-of-neurorehabilitation-from-nustep-through-iv-step-and-beyond
#9
Susan R Harris, Carolee J Winstein
PURPOSES: To present the history and aims of the STEP conferences; describe the interdependence of prevention, prediction, plasticity, and participation; reflect on where we stand today regarding those 4 Ps; and discuss how future neurorehabilitation should look for individuals with movement disorders. KEY POINTS: Physical therapists have focused primarily on tertiary prevention, emphasizing primary/secondary prevention far less. Predicting optimal response to intervention is essential for primary prevention...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628226/the-future-of-dream-science
#10
Kelly Bulkeley
This article describes the future prospects of scientific dream research. Three frontiers of investigation hold special promise: neuroscientific studies of the brain-mind system's activities during sleep (such as during lucid dreaming); systematic analyses of large collections of dream reports from diverse populations of people; and psychotherapeutic explorations of the multiple dimensions of personal and collective meaning woven into the dream experiences of each individual. Several helpful books on the science of sleep and dreaming are mentioned for further study...
June 19, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625354/foraging-cognition-reviving-the-ecological-intelligence-hypothesis
#11
REVIEW
Alexandra G Rosati
What are the origins of intelligent behavior? The demands associated with living in complex social groups have been the favored explanation for the evolution of primate cognition in general and human cognition in particular. However, recent comparative research indicates that ecological variation can also shape cognitive abilities. I synthesize the emerging evidence that 'foraging cognition' - skills used to exploit food resources, including spatial memory, decision-making, and inhibitory control - varies adaptively across primates...
June 15, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#12
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623778/are-there-signature-limits-in-early-theory-of-mind
#13
Ella Fizke, Stephen Butterfill, Lea van de Loo, Eva Reindl, Hannes Rakoczy
Current theory-of-mind research faces the challenge of reconciling two sets of seemingly incompatible findings: Whereas children come to solve explicit verbal false belief (FB) tasks from around 4years of age, recent studies with various less explicit measures such as looking time, anticipatory looking, and spontaneous behavior suggest that even infants can succeed on some FB tasks. In response to this tension, two-systems theories propose to distinguish between an early-developing system, tracking simple forms of mental states, and a later-developing system, based on fully developed concepts of belief and other propositional attitudes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622282/towards-a-neurobiological-understanding-of-alexithymia
#14
REVIEW
Nicolás Meza-Concha, Marcelo Arancibia, Felicia Salas, Rosa Behar, Germán Salas, Hernán Silva, Rocío Escobar
Although the specialized literature on the etiology of alexithymia is controversial, neurobiological research has shown relevant advances. The aim of this review is to analyze the available evidence regarding the neurophysiological bases of alexithymia. A comprehensive review of available articles from Medline/PubMed, EBSCO and SciELO was conducted. Previously, alexithymia was linked to a reduced interhemispheric brain connection. From a childhood traumatic perspective, the right prefrontal cortex and the default mode network would experience alterations, first hypermetabolic (dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysregulation) and then hypometabolic-dissociative (serotonergic and opioid dysregulation), resulting in a distorted interoceptive and emotional awareness...
May 29, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619422/joint-engagement-in-infants-and-its-relationship-to-their-visual-impairment-measurements
#15
Andrea Urqueta Alfaro, Valerie S Morash, Daisy Lei, Deborah Orel-Bixler
Coordination of attention between a social partner and an external focus of shared interest, called joint engagement, is associated with positive developmental outcomes such as better language, socio-emotional, and theory of mind skills in sighted infants. Current measures of joint engagement rely on an infant's visual behaviors, making it difficult to study joint engagement in infants with low or no vision. In a naturalistic observational study, 20 infants with various levels of visual impairments - mean ages: 1...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619298/alternative-medicine-worker-health-and-absenteeism-in-the-united-states
#16
Kate Rybczynski
Health related absenteeism costs an estimated $153 billion annually in the United States (Witters and Agrawal, 2011).(1) Chronic conditions (major contributors to absenteeism) are often successfully managed by Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). As CAM becomes an increasingly visible component of healthcare, firms may wish to consider whether CAM therapies can help reduce illness-related absenteeism. This paper aims to extend the literature on healthcare utilization and absenteeism by exploring whether CAM treatment is associated with fewer workdays missed due to illness...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617103/effects-of-mindfulness-based-therapies-for-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-meta-analytic-review
#17
Kyle R Stephenson, Jonathan Kerth
Mindfulness-based therapy (MBT) represents a potentially efficacious treatment for female sexual dysfunction (FSD). A number of recent trials assessing MBT for FSD have been published, but we are aware of no existing meta-analysis synthesizing these results. We conducted a literature review to identify all published trials of MBT for FSD. References of retrieved studies were searched and key authors were contacted with requests for complete but unpublished trials. Eleven trials, including a total of 449 participants, were identified...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616998/experiencesampler-an-open-source-scaffold-for-building-smartphone-apps-for-experience-sampling
#18
Sabrina Thai, Elizabeth Page-Gould
Experience sampling methods allow researchers to examine phenomena in daily life and provide various advantages that complement traditional laboratory methods. However, existing experience sampling methods may be costly, require constant Internet connectivity, may not be designed specifically for experience sampling studies, or require a custom solution from a computer programming consultant. In this article, we present ExperienceSampler, an open-source scaffold for creating experience-sampling smartphone apps designed for Android and iOS devices...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616689/the-reality-of-scientific-research-in-latin-america-an-insider-s-perspective
#19
Daniel R Ciocca, Gabriela Delgado
There is tremendous disparity in scientific productivity among nations, particularly so in Latin America. At first sight, this could be linked to the relative economic health of the different countries of the region, but even large and relatively rich Latin American countries do not produce a good level of science. Although Latin America has increased the number of its scientists and research institutions in recent years, the gap between developed countries and Latin American countries is startling. The prime importance of science and technology to the development of a nation remains unacknowledged...
June 14, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616665/psychoneurocutaneous-medicine-past-present-and-future
#20
Katlein França, David E Castillo, Maria Grazia Roccia, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Massimo Fioranelli
Psychoneurocutaneous medicine is an important and rapidly growing field. It is an integrative science created to address the interaction between the mind, nervous system and skin. Four major fields are involved: psychiatry, psychology, neurology and dermatology. The history of psychoneurocutaneous medicine is old and fascinating. Even though it is a young science only established in the last century, allusions to the nervous system and diseases of the skin can be traced back thousands of years in the literature...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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