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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345362/mindfulness-based-movement
#1
Alexander R Lucas, Heidi D Klepin, Stephen W Porges, W Jack Rejeski
Compelling evidence suggests that physical activity is an effective intervention for cancer survivors, including for those undergoing active cancer treatments. However, to date most evidence has emerged from interventions that have promoted moderate to vigorous physical activity. In this conceptual review, we argue that attention should be given to the entire continuum of physical activity from reducing sedentary behavior to increasing higher levels of physical activity when possible. In addition, considerable evidence in the cancer literature supports the value of mindfulness-based interventions as a means of helping patients and survivors cope with the variety of threats that accompany this disease...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343626/the-rat-a-gorical-imperative-moral-intuition-and-the-limits-of-affective-learning
#2
Joshua D Greene
Decades of psychological research have demonstrated that intuitive judgments are often unreliable, thanks to their inflexible reliance on limited information (Kahneman, 2003, 2011). Research on the computational underpinnings of learning, however, indicates that intuitions may be acquired by sophisticated learning mechanisms that are highly sensitive and integrative. With this in mind, Railton (2014) urges a more optimistic view of moral intuition. Is such optimism warranted? Elsewhere (Greene, 2013) I've argued that moral intuitions offer reasonably good advice concerning the give-and-take of everyday social life, addressing the basic problem of cooperation within a "tribe" ("Me vs...
March 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343023/classification-of-footwear-outsole-patterns-using-fourier-transform-and-local-interest-points
#3
Nicole Richetelli, Mackenzie C Lee, Carleen A Lasky, Madison E Gump, Jacqueline A Speir
Successful classification of questioned footwear has tremendous evidentiary value; the result can minimize the potential suspect pool and link a suspect to a victim, a crime scene, or even multiple crime scenes to each other. With this in mind, several different automated and semi-automated classification models have been applied to the forensic footwear recognition problem, with superior performance commonly associated with two different approaches: correlation of image power (magnitude) or phase, and the use of local interest points transformed using the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and compared using Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC)...
March 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340566/a-critical-review-of-manual-therapy-use-for-headache-disorders-prevalence-profiles-motivations-communication-and-self-reported-effectiveness
#4
Craig S Moore, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Despite the expansion of conventional medical treatments for headache, many sufferers of common recurrent headache disorders seek help outside of medical settings. The aim of this paper is to evaluate research studies on the prevalence of patient use of manual therapies for the treatment of headache and the key factors associated with this patient population. METHODS: This critical review of the peer-reviewed literature identified 35 papers reporting findings from new empirical research regarding the prevalence, profiles, motivations, communication and self-reported effectiveness of manual therapy use amongst those with headache disorders...
March 24, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340384/effects-of-waste-eggshells-and-sic-addition-on-specific-strength-and-thermal-expansion-of-hybrid-green-metal-matrix-composite
#5
Satpal Sharma, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi
Chicken eggshell waste is an industrial byproduct, and its disposal constitutes a serious environmental hazard. Chicken eggshell can be used in commercial products to produce new materials with low cost and density. Low density material which can sustain at higher temperature is a remarkable area of research. Keeping these facts in the mind, the present investigation aims to study the physical behaviour, specific strength and thermal expansion of AA2014/SiC/carbonized eggshell hybrid green metal matrix composites...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#6
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337952/prenatal-maternal-stress-shapes-children-s-theory-of-mind-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#7
G Simcock, S Kildea, G Elgbeili, D P Laplante, V Cobham, S King
Research shows that stress in pregnancy has powerful and enduring effects on many facets of child development, including increases in behavior problems and neurodevelopmental disorders. Theory of mind is an important aspect of child development that is predictive of successful social functioning and is impaired in children with autism. A number of factors related to individual differences in theory of mind have been identified, but whether theory of mind development is shaped by prenatal events has not yet been examined...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337165/motivation-measures-in-sport-a-critical-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#8
Rachel B Clancy, Matthew P Herring, Mark J Campbell
Motivation is widely-researched, in both sport psychology and other fields. As rigorous measurement is essential to understanding this latent construct, a critical appraisal of measurement instruments is needed. Thus, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the six most highly cited motivation measures in sport. Peer-reviewed articles published prior to August 2016 were searched to identify the six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport: Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI), Situational Motivational Scale (SIMS), Perceptions of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337156/lack-of-evidence-that-neural-empathic-responses-are-blunted-in-excessive-users-of-violent-video-games-an-fmri-study
#9
Gregor R Szycik, Bahram Mohammadi, Thomas F Münte, Bert T Te Wildt
The use of violent video games has been often linked to increase of aggressive behavior. According to the General Aggression Model, one of the central mechanisms for this aggressiveness inducing impact is an emotional desensitization process resulting from long lasting repeated violent game playing. This desensitization should evidence itself in a lack of empathy. Recent research has focused primarily on acute, short term impact of violent media use but only little is known about long term effects. In this study 15 excessive users of violent games and control subjects matched for age and education viewed pictures depicting emotional and neutral situations with and without social interaction while fMRI activations were obtained...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335501/communication-matters-exploring-the-intersection-of-family-and-practitioner-end-of-life-communication
#10
Leah M Omilion-Hodges, Nathan M Swords
After establishing a baseline understanding of some of the factors that influence and shape family end of life communication, empirical research centered on the communication tendencies of nationally-recognized palliative care clinicians is presented. Because death is no longer confined to the bedroom and individuals are increasingly turning to hospitals and health care institutes to assist with end of life, the role of palliative care practitioners is vital. To that end, common communication-rooted issues that may transpire among various medical personnel are explored...
March 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334519/perspectives-of-health-and-self-care-among-older-persons-to-be-implemented-in-an-interactive-ict-platform
#11
Carina Göransson, Yvonne Wengström, Kristina Ziegert, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Irene Eriksson, Annica Kihlgren, Karin Blomberg
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To acquire knowledge regarding the contents to be implemented in an interactive ICT-platform perceived to be relevant to health and self-care among older persons based on the literature, healthcare professionals and the older persons themselves. BACKGROUND: The growing ageing population places demands on the healthcare system to promote healthy ageing and to strengthen the older person's self-care ability. This requires innovative approaches to facilitate communication between the older person and healthcare professionals, and to increase the older person's participation in their care...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332121/impairment-in-emotion-perception-from-body-movements-in-individuals-with-bipolar-i-and-bipolar-ii-disorder-is-associated-with-functional-capacity
#12
Anja Vaskinn, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Thomas D Bjella, Carmen Simonsen, Ole A Andreassen, Torill Ueland, Kjetil Sundet
BACKGROUND: Individuals with bipolar disorder present with moderate impairments in social cognition during the euthymic state. The impairment extends to theory of mind and to the perception of emotion in faces and voices, but it is unclear if emotion perception from body movements is affected. The main aim of this study was to examine if participants with bipolar disorder perform worse than healthy control participants on a task using point-light displays of human full figures moving in a manner indicative of a basic emotion (angry, happy, sad, fearful, neutral/no emotion)...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330831/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-mindfulness-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-training-with-telephone-support-in-the-enhancement-of-mental-health-among-college-students-and-young-working-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Winnie Ws Mak, Floria Hn Chio, Amy Ty Chan, Wacy Ws Lui, Ellery Ky Wu
BACKGROUND: College students and working adults are particularly vulnerable to stress and other mental health problems, and mental health promotion and prevention are needed to promote their mental health. In recent decades, mindfulness-based training has demonstrated to be efficacious in treating physical and psychological conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine the efficacy of an Internet-based mindfulness training program (iMIND) in comparison with the well-established Internet-based cognitive-behavioral training program (iCBT) in promoting mental health among college students and young working adults...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#14
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322667/facilitating-self-transcendence
#15
Valerie Lander McCarthy, Lynne A Hall, Timothy N Crawford, Jennifer Connelly
This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the effects of the Psychoeducational Approach to Transcendence and Health (PATH) Program, an 8-week intervention hypothesized to increase self-transcendence and improve well-being in community-dwelling women aged 60 years and older ( N = 20). The PATH combined mindfulness exercises, group processes, creative activities, and at-home practice using community engaged research methods. Findings provided some support for the effectiveness of PATH. Although there was no significant Group × Time interaction, self-transcendence, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction differed significantly pre- and postintervention in the wait-listed control group, which received a revised version of the program...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321194/mindfulness-and-emotion-regulation-insights-from-neurobiological-psychological-and-clinical-studies
#16
REVIEW
Simón Guendelman, Sebastián Medeiros, Hagen Rampes
There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation. Neuroimaging studies have evidenced functional and structural changes in a myriad of brain regions mainly involved in attention systems, emotion regulation, and self-referential processing. In this article we review studies on psychological and neurobiological correlates across different empirically derived models of research, including dispositional mindfulness, mindfulness induction, MBIs, and expert meditators in relation to emotion regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320800/recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-randomised-controlled-trials-a-review-of-trials-funded-and-published-by-the-united-kingdom-health-technology-assessment-programme
#17
Stephen J Walters, Inês Bonacho Dos Anjos Henriques-Cadby, Oscar Bortolami, Laura Flight, Daniel Hind, Richard M Jacques, Christopher Knox, Ben Nadin, Joanne Rothwell, Michael Surtees, Steven A Julious
BACKGROUND: Substantial amounts of public funds are invested in health research worldwide. Publicly funded randomised controlled trials (RCTs) often recruit participants at a slower than anticipated rate. Many trials fail to reach their planned sample size within the envisaged trial timescale and trial funding envelope. OBJECTIVES: To review the consent, recruitment and retention rates for single and multicentre randomised control trials funded and published by the UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Programme...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320643/expanding-research-methods-for-a-realistic-understanding-of-personal-visualization
#18
Alice Thudt, Bongshin Lee, Eun Kyoung Choe, Sheelagh Carpendale
Personal visualizations have the great potential to provide the benefits of visualizations to everyone in their everyday lives. Their diverse goals combined with the personal data they contain and the contexts in which they are being used, however, make their evaluation particularly challenging and call for a wider perspective on empirical approaches. We need to devise new methods and adapt existing methods from other fields to account for the specific goals and challenges in this emerging research area. An open-minded approach to empirical methods may help us gain a more realistic understanding of personal visualizations...
March 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319637/online-patient-reported-reviews-of-mohs-micrographic-surgery-qualitative-analysis-of-positive-and-negative-experiences
#19
Shuai Xu, Zaza Atanelov, Ashish C Bhatia
Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is the gold standard for treating high-risk skin cancers and skin cancers in areas where skin sparing is essential. However, relatively little is known about patient-reported satisfaction with this procedure. In this study, we used qualitative research methods to determine themes of patient-reported satisfaction and dissatisfaction with MMS on one popular online resource (RealSelf). Real-world patient feedback provides an opportunity for physicians to explore the patient mind-set and to target areas of potential improvement in MMS patient satisfaction...
February 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317384/exploring-possible-predictors-and-moderators-of-an-executive-function-training-for-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Marieke de Vries, Mathilde Ge Verdam, Pier Jm Prins, Ben A Schmand, Hilde M Geurts
Previously, a total of 121 children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) performed an adaptive working memory (WM)-training, an adaptive flexibility-training, or a non-adaptive control (mock)-training. Despite overall improvement, there were minor differences between the adaptive and mock-training conditions. Moreover, dropout was relatively high (26%). In the current study we explored potential predicting and moderating factors to clarify these findings. The effects of intelligence, autism traits, WM, flexibility, reward sensitivity and Theory of Mind on dropout, improvement during training, and improvement in everyday executive functioning (EF), ASD-like behavior, and Quality of Life (QoL) were studied...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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