keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventative nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102395/sesamol-ameliorates-high-fat-and-high-fructose-induced-cognitive-defects-via-improving-insulin-signaling-disruption-in-the-central-nervous-system
#1
Zhigang Liu, Yali Sun, Qinglian Qiao, Tong Zhao, Wentong Zhang, Bo Ren, Qian Liu, Xuebo Liu
Sesamol, a nutritional component from sesame, possesses antioxidant, lipid lowering and antidepressant activities. Nonetheless, few studies report its effects on high-energy-dense diet-induced cognitive loss. The present research aimed to elucidate the action of sesamol on high-fat and high-fructose (HFFD) "western"-diet-induced central nervous system insulin resistance and learning and memory impairment, and further determined the possible underlying mechanism. 3 month-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into 3 groups with/without sesamol in the drinking water (0...
January 19, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101820/insulin-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-signalling-iis-based-regulation-of-lifespan-across-species
#2
REVIEW
Rebecca Mathew, Manika Pal Bhadra, Utpal Bhadra
An organism's well-being is facilitated by numerous molecular and biochemical pathways that ensure homeostasis within cells and tissues. Aging causes a gradual let-down in the maintenance of homeostasis due to various endogenous and environmental challenges, leading to amassing of damages, functional deterioration of different tissues and vulnerability to ailments. Nutrient sensing pathways that maintain glucose homeostasis in body are involved in regulation of aging. Insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signalling (IIS) pathway was the first nutrient sensing pathway discovered to affect the aging process...
January 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101619/-all-rounder-vitamin%C3%A2-d
#3
S Unholzer, A Rothmund, E Haen
BACKGROUND: Many indications are discussed for vitamin D substitution, such as osteoporosis, autoimmune diseases, cancer and psychiatric diseases. Also discussed is the fact that the majority of the German population suffer from a vitamin D deficiency. OBJECTIVE: Review of the study results for these individual diseases and a critical analysis of the currently established therapeutic reference range, which defines a vitamin D deficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was carried out in the statements of the German Society for Nutrition, in scientific publications and journals...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100190/translation-of-a-tailored-nutrition-and-resistance-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-to-a-real-life-setting-adaptation-process-and-pilot-study
#4
Ellen Ji van Dongen, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Jan M Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette Cpgm de Groot, Annemien Haveman-Nies
BACKGROUND: Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Using findings from controlled interventions in a real-life setting requires adaptations to the intervention and working procedures of healthcare professionals (HCPs). The aim of this study is to adapt an efficacious intervention for elderly people to a real-life setting (phase one) and test the feasibility and potential impact of this prototype intervention in practice in a pilot study (phase two)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099900/skeletal-muscle-aging-influence-of-oxidative-stress-and-physical-exercise
#5
REVIEW
Mariana Janini Gomes, Paula Felippe Martinez, Luana Urbano Pagan, Ricardo Luiz Damatto, Marcelo Diacardia Mariano Cezar, Aline Regina Ruiz Lima, Katashi Okoshi, Marina Politi Okoshi
Skeletal muscle abnormalities are responsible for significant disability in the elderly. Sarcopenia is the main alteration occurring during senescence and a key public health issue as it predicts frailty, poor quality of life, and mortality. Several factors such as reduced physical activity, hormonal changes, insulin resistance, genetic susceptibility, appetite loss, and nutritional deficiencies are involved in the physiopathology of muscle changes. Sarcopenia is characterized by structural, biochemical, molecular and functional muscle changes...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096329/tissue-dual-rna-seq-allows-fast-discovery-of-infection-specific-functions-and-riboregulators-shaping-host-pathogen-transcriptomes
#6
Aaron M Nuss, Michael Beckstette, Maria Pimenova, Carina Schmühl, Wiebke Opitz, Fabio Pisano, Ann Kathrin Heroven, Petra Dersch
Pathogenic bacteria need to rapidly adjust their virulence and fitness program to prevent eradication by the host. So far, underlying adaptation processes that drive pathogenesis have mostly been studied in vitro, neglecting the true complexity of host-induced stimuli acting on the invading pathogen. In this study, we developed an unbiased experimental approach that allows simultaneous monitoring of genome-wide infection-linked transcriptional alterations of the host and colonizing extracellular pathogens. Using this tool for Yersinia pseudotuberculosis-infected lymphatic tissues, we revealed numerous alterations of host transcripts associated with inflammatory and acute-phase responses, coagulative activities, and transition metal ion sequestration, highlighting that the immune response is dominated by infiltrating neutrophils and elicits a mixed TH17/TH1 response...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096140/setting-the-lipid-component-of-the-diet-a-work-in-process
#7
REVIEW
Fabiola M Del Razo Olvera, Marco A Melgarejo Hernández, Roopa Mehta, Carlos A Aguilar Salinas
Some of the most relevant yet controversial issues in nutrition are those surrounding the guidelines on quality and quantity of dietary fat in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and coronary heart diseases. Conflicting evidence questions the credibility of the previous dietary guidelines, particularly the quality of the evidence on which these recommendations were based. It is therefore important to explore the changes that have occurred in these guidelines and their influence on the adoption of different dietary patterns over time...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096137/introduction-to-the-yogurt-in-nutrition-initiative-at-the-first-symposium-of-yogurt-in-mexico-the-balanced-diet-initiative
#8
REVIEW
Armando R Tovar, Guadalupe Herrera
In some European countries, yogurt consumption is common. However, such consumption is not common in Latin America, particularly in Mexico, partially because of the lack of a cultural tradition of consuming yogurt. Moreover, we also know that little information about the health benefits associated with yogurt consumption has been provided to the Mexican population. Thus, there is an immediate need to provide, at least to the nutrition community in the country, current scientific evidence about the health benefits of yogurt, with the aim that yogurt be included as part of the functional foods recommended to the population...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096131/nutrition-micrornas-and-human-health
#9
REVIEW
Juan Cui, Beiyan Zhou, Sharon A Ross, Janos Zempleni
MicroRNAs (miRs) hybridize with complementary sequences in mRNA and silence genes by destabilizing mRNA or preventing translation of mRNA. Over 60% of human protein-coding genes are regulated by miRs, and 1881 high-confidence miRs are encoded in the human genome. Evidence suggests that miRs not only are synthesized endogenously, but also might be obtained from dietary sources, and that food compounds alter the expression of endogenous miR genes. The main food matrices for studies of biological activity of dietary miRs include plant foods and cow milk...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096126/the-age-related-eye-disease-2-study-micronutrients-in-the-treatment-of-macular-degeneration
#10
REVIEW
Aruna Gorusupudi, Kelly Nelson, Paul S Bernstein
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss in the elderly. With an increasingly aged population worldwide, the need for the prevention of AMD is rising. Multiple studies investigating AMD with the use of animal models and cell culture have identified oxidative stress-related retinal damage as an important contributing factor. In general, diet is an excellent source of the antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals necessary for healthy living; moreover, the general public is often receptive to recommendations made by physicians and health care workers regarding diet and supplements as a means of empowering themselves to avoid common and worrisome ailments such as AMD, which has made epidemiologists and clinicians enthusiastic about dietary intervention studies...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096124/nutritional-considerations-for-healthy-aging-and-reduction-in-age-related-chronic-disease
#11
REVIEW
Julie Shlisky, David E Bloom, Amy R Beaudreault, Katherine L Tucker, Heather H Keller, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Roger A Fielding, Feon W Cheng, Gordon L Jensen, Dayong Wu, Simin N Meydani
A projected doubling in the global population of people aged ≥60 y by the year 2050 has major health and economic implications, especially in developing regions. Burdens of unhealthy aging associated with chronic noncommunicable and other age-related diseases may be largely preventable with lifestyle modification, including diet. However, as adults age they become at risk of "nutritional frailty," which can compromise their ability to meet nutritional requirements at a time when specific nutrient needs may be high...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094233/association-between-the-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-blood-folate-and-vitamin-b12-deficiency-and-elevated-serum-total-homocysteine-in-healthy-individuals-in-yunnan-province-china
#12
Juan Ni, Ling Zhang, Tao Zhou, Wei-Jiang Xu, Jing-Lun Xue, Neng Cao, Xu Wang
BACKGROUND: An increased serum total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is typically associated with genetic defects involved in Hcy metabolism or related nutritional deficiencies. In this study, the combined effects of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and folate and vitamin B12 deficiency on serum total Hcy (tHcy) levels were evaluated in a healthy Chinese population in Yunnan Province, China. METHODS: The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was genotyped in 330 volunteers (164 men and 166 women) using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094019/the-first-model-of-keeping-energy-balance-and-optimal-psycho-affective-development-breastfed-infants
#13
REVIEW
Carlo Agostoni, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Ludovica Leone, Valentina Ciappolino, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Carlo A Altamura, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Breastfed infants follow a peculiar growth fashion characterized by a rapid weight gain in the first weeks of life, then followed by a fast decrease in growth rates, a capacity to self-regulate the sense of hungry and satiety, and a minor propensity towards overweight and obesity later on, in parallel with a better neurodevelopmental performance. METHODS: We searched studies investigating the relationship between the feeding mode in infancy and the energy balance, so the possible associations with total energy expenditure and intake regulation...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093533/effect-of-deworming-on-indices-of-health-cognition-and-education-among-schoolchildren-in-rural-china-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Chengfang Liu, Louise Lu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Sean Sylvia, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle, Darvin Scott Smith, Yingdan Chen, Tingjun Zhu
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) infect over one billion people worldwide. There is concern that chronic infection with STHs among school-aged children may detrimentally affect their development, including their health, cognition, and education. However, two recent Cochrane reviews examining the impact of deworming drugs for STH on nutrition, hemoglobin, and school performance found that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature provide an insufficient evidence base to draw reliable conclusions...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092722/synthetic-and-natural-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-ppar-agonists-as-candidates-for-the-therapy-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Chek Kun Tan, Yan Zhuang, Walter Wahli
Introduction Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are the molecular targets of hypolipidemic and insulin-sensitizing drugs and implicated in a multitude of processes that fine-tune the functions of all organs in vertebrates. As transcription factors they sense endogenous and exogenous lipid signaling molecules and convert these signals into intricate gene responses that impact health and disease. The PPARs act as modulators of cellular, organ, and systemic processes, such as lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, making them valuable for understanding body homeostasis influenced by nutrition and exercise...
January 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092151/issues-in-nutrition-carbohydrates
#16
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers. Resistant starches resemble fiber in their behavior in the intestinal tract, and may have positive effects on blood glucose levels and the gut microbiome. Fibers are classified as soluble and insoluble, but most fiber-containing foods contain a mixture of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber has been shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Many artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are available. Most natural sources of sweeteners also are energy sources...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092150/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-supplements
#17
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The majority of American adults report use of one or more dietary supplements every day or occasionally. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 defines dietary supplements and regulates their manufacture and distribution. One of the most commonly used supplements is vitamin D. Measurement of serum levels of vitamin D must be undertaken with the caveats that different laboratories define normal levels differently, and that there is rarely a clinical correlation with the actual level. Patients should understand that supplements should not be used to excess, as there are toxicities and other adverse effects associated with most of them...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091353/the-development-of-a-national-nutrition-and-mental-health-research-agenda-with-comparison-of-priorities-among-diverse-stakeholders
#18
Karen M Davison, Carla D'Andreamatteo, Scott Mitchell, Pat Vanderkooy
OBJECTIVE: To develop a national nutrition and mental health research agenda based on the engagement of diverse stakeholders and to assess research priorities by stakeholder groups. DESIGN: A staged, integrated and participatory initiative was implemented to structure a national nutrition and mental health research agenda that included: (i) national stakeholder consultations to prioritize research questions; (ii) a workshop involving national representatives from research, policy and practice to further define priorities; (iii) triangulation of data to formulate the agenda; and (iv) test hypotheses about stakeholder influences on decision making...
January 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089396/comparison-between-measured-and-perceived-weight-status-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-adults
#19
Jessica Herbert, Karen Louise Peterson, Laura Alston, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols
BACKGROUND: Many individuals may not accurately perceive whether their weight status poses a health risk. This paper aimed to determine how accurately Australians perceived their weight status compared to objective measurements, and to determine what factors were associated with underestimating weight status. METHODS: Participants were 7947 non-pregnant adults from the 2011 to 2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, with complete data for self-reported and measured weight status...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089168/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-blood-pressure-in-individuals-without-a-history-of-a-cardiovascular-event-evidence-based-study-with-5670-subjects
#20
Mohsen Mazidi, Mohsen Nematy, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Zahra Namadchian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Raised blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; improved nutritional approaches to population-wide prevention are required.We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake and other cardiovascular risk factors with blood pressure in individuals without a history of a cardiovascular event in an Iranian cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 5670 healthy subjects [approximately 40% (n=2179) males and 60% (n=3491) females] was undertaken in a sample from northeastern Iran...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
keyword
keyword
77642
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"