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Preventative nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161380/anaemia-and-associated-factors-in-homeless-children-in-the-paris-region-the-enfams-survey
#1
Amandine Arnaud, Sandrine Lioret, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Yann Le Strat
Background: Food insecurity is a major concern in homeless population, however nutritional consequences remain poorly documented, especially for children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the relation between both food insecurity and dietary intake to moderate-to-severe anaemia (MSA) in homeless sheltered children. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 801 sheltered homeless families in the Paris region...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159927/hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-vitamin-a-deficiency-among-women-in-tanzania
#2
Zelalem T Haile, Asli K Teweldeberhan, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hormonal contraceptive use and vitamin A deficiency among women in Tanzania. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 8231 women who participated in the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1291 (weight percentage 17.8%) women reported a history of hormonal contraceptive use. The weighted prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was 36...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157488/l%C3%A2-hypophyse-et-ses-traitements-comment-peuvent-ils-influer-sur-le-comportement-the-pituitary-and-its-treatments-how-can-they-influence-behaviour
#3
C Mouly, F Borson-Chazot, P Caron
Behaviour may be influenced by pituitary hormones or treatments. Dopamine agonist (DA) indicated in prolactinomas treatment can cause side effects, and especially impulse control disorders. In the context of prolactinomas treatment, impulse control disorders (ICD) have been reported like gambling, compulsive shopping, but mostly hypersexuality. These ICD can occur with low AD doses, and seem to be independent of type of molecule and psychiatric medical history. The main pathophysiologic hypothesis is a dysregulation of dopaminergic pathway involved in reward system...
October 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157255/effects-of-antarctic-krill-oil-on-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#4
Dewei Sun, Liang Zhang, Hongjian Chen, Rong Feng, Peirang Cao, Yuanfa Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity and other metabolic diseases have become epidemic which greatly affect human health. Diets with healthy nutrition are efficient means to prevent this epidemic occurrence. Novel food resources and process technology were needed for these purpose. In this study, Antarctic krill oil (KO) extracted from a dry krill by a procedure of hot pump dehydration in combined with freezing-drying was used to investigate health effect in animals including the growth, lipid and glucose metabolism...
November 21, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156936/-nutrition-and-immune-system-disorders
#5
Bricia López Plaza, Laura María Bermejo López
INTRODUCTION: Energy and nutrients obtained through food play an important role in the development and preservation of the immune system therefore any nutritional imbalance affects its competence and integrity. OBJECTIVES: Knowing the nutritional approach on different disorders of the immune system. METHODS: A review has been carried out on the most prevalent immunological disorders in developed countries, the nutritional characteristics to which they are associated and their nutritional approach...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/-prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#6
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156929/-role-of-the-egg-in-the-diet-of-athletes-and-physically-active-people
#7
Ana M López Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio Vizuete, Rosa M Ortega
The practice of sport and medium-high intensity exercise increases the needs of energy and nutrients. Proper nutrition is very important for reaching the maximum performance, reducing the risk of injury, and ensuring the best recovery. It must also ensure the achievement of optimum nutritional status and prevent health problems at the present and in the future time. Eggs are a very nutritious food that can help athletes to achieve a correct diet. It contains proteins of high quality and bioavailability, a profile of fatty acids very favorable from the cardiovascular point of view, and vitamins and minerals involved in energy and protein metabolism, in defense against oxidative stress and inflammation, in cell growth and tissue repair...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#8
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156243/isolation-identification-and-selection-of-antagonistic-yeast-against-alternaria-alternata-infection-and-tenuazonic-acid-production-in-wine-grapes-from-argentina
#9
Luciana P Prendes, María G Merín, Ariel R Fontana, Rubén A Bottini, María L Ramirez, Vilma I Morata de Ambrosini
Epiphytic isolates with yeast characteristics from grapes of the Malbec cultivar were obtained in order to find antagonists against Alternaria alternata. From a total of 111 isolates, 82% corresponded to the yeast-like organism Aureobasidium pullulans and the rest to the non-Saccharomyces yeasts Hanseniaspora uvarum (6.3%), Metschnikowia pulcherrima or spp. (5.4%), Cryptoccocus laurentti II (2.7%), Starmerella bacilaris or Candida zemplinina (2.7%) and Rhodotorula spp. (0.9%). The 22.4% (15 out of 67) of epiphytic yeasts and yeast-like organisms evaluated were able to reduce A...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155570/chemistry-antimicrobial-mechanisms-and-antibiotic-activities-of-cinnamaldehyde-against-pathogenic-bacteria-in-animal-feeds-and-human-foods
#10
Mendel Friedman
Cinnamaldehyde is a major constituent of cinnamon essential oils produced by aromatic cinnamon plants. This compound has been reported to exhibit antimicrobial properties in vitro in laboratory media and in animal feeds and human foods contaminated with disease-causing bacteria including Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. This integrated review surveys and interprets our current knowledge of the chemistry, analysis, safety, mechanism of action, and antibiotic activities of cinnamaldehyde in food animal (cattle, lambs, calves, pigs, poultry) diets and in widely consumed liquid (apple, carrot, tomato, and watermelon juices, milk) and solid foods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155442/safety-of-folic-acid
#11
Martha S Field, Patrick J Stover
There is a large body of literature demonstrating the efficacy of maternal folic acid intake in preventing birth defects, as well as investigations into potential adverse consequences of consuming folic acid above the upper intake level (UL). Recently, two authoritative bodies convened expert panels to assess risks from high intakes of folic acid: the U.S. National Toxicology Program and the UK Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Overall, the totality of the evidence examined by these panels, as well as studies published since the release of their reports, have not established risks for adverse consequences resulting from existing mandatory folic acid fortification programs that have been implemented in many countries...
November 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153519/invited-review-practical-feeding-management-recommendations-to-mitigate-the-risk-of-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-in-dairy-cattle
#12
E Humer, R M Petri, J R Aschenbach, B J Bradford, G B Penner, M Tafaj, K-H Südekum, Q Zebeli
Rumen health is of vital importance in ensuring healthy and efficient dairy cattle production. Current feeding programs for cattle recommend concentrate-rich diets to meet the high nutritional needs of cows during lactation and enhance cost-efficiency. These diets, however, can impair rumen health. The term "subacute ruminal acidosis" (SARA) is often used as a synonym for poor rumen health. In this review, we first describe the physiological demands of cattle for dietary physically effective fiber. We also provide background information on the importance of enhancing salivary secretions and short-chain fatty acid absorption across the stratified squamous epithelium of the rumen; thus, preventing the disruption of the ruminal acid-base balance, a process that paves the way for acidification of the rumen...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153154/a-100-year-review-from-ascorbic-acid-to-zinc-mineral-and-vitamin-nutrition-of-dairy-cows
#13
W P Weiss
Mineral and vitamin nutrition of dairy cows was studied before the first volume of the Journal of Dairy Science was published and is still actively researched today. The initial studies on mineral nutrition of dairy cows were simple balance experiments (although the methods available at the time for measuring minerals were anything but simple). Output of Ca and P in feces, urine, and milk was subtracted from intake of Ca and P, and if values were negative it was often assumed that cows were lacking in the particular mineral...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153066/-age-related-prevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-among-pregnant-women-in-hatay-estimation-depending-on-model
#14
Meryem Çetin, Şirin Çetin
Toxoplasmosis, caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, is a common parasitic infection affecting approximately one-third of the world population. T.gondii infections are usually acquired by ingesting raw or insufficiently cooked meat and from unwashed fruits and vegetables contaminated with soil or water with cat feces. Primary infection acquired during pregnancy can cause severe congenital abnormalities in the fetus such as neurologic and ocular malformations, abortion, or stillbirth according to the degree of infection...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152944/combined-oral-supplementation-of-chromium-picolinate-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-boron-enhances-neuroprotection-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#15
Cemal Orhan, Nurhan Şahin, Zeynep Tuzcu, James R. Komorowski, Kazım Şahin
Background/aim: A novel complex of a nutritional supplement (CDB) contains chromium picolinate (CrPic), phosphatidylserine (PS), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and boron (B). The present study aimed to investigate the effects of CDB on the metabolic profile and memory acquisition in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Materials and methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into six groups and received either a regular diet or HFD supplemented with or without different levels of CDB (0, 11, or 22 mg/kg BW). Results: Rats fed the HFD had greater glucose, insulin, lipid profile, and serum malondialdehyde concentrations, but lower serotonin and tryptophan in the serum and brain and lower Cr concentrations in serum, kidney, brain, and liver (P < 0...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152220/preference-and-willingness-to-pay-for-nutritional-counseling-services-in-urban-hanoi
#16
Hai Viet Nguyen, Ngoc Bao Trinh, Huong Thi Le, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Huong Thi Le, Bach Xuan Tran, Thuc Thi Minh Vu
Background: Despite substantial achievement in reducing malnutrition rates in Vietnam, there has been an increasing rate of overweight individuals in urban areas, which may result in a high burden of non-communicable diseases. Nutritional counseling clinics have been introduced in several settings; however, little is known about the preference for this service among urban clients. This study aimed to assess the preference and willingness to pay (WTP) for nutritional counseling services among urban clients.  Methods: We interviewed 429 clients who attended Hanoi Medical University Nutritional Counseling Clinic (Hanoi, Vietnam)...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151829/validation-of-poiba-how-do-we-eat-questionnaire-in-9-10-years-old-schoolchildren
#17
Carles Ariza, Teresa Arechavala, Sara Valmayor, Gemma Serral, Albert Moncada, Luis Rajmil, Anna Schiaffino, Francesca Sánchez-Martínez
Background: It is difficult to obtain good food reports with Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) among children. In addition, validated questionnaires are scarce. Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the 'POIBA-How do we eat?' (POIBA-HDWE) FFQ and whether it could be administered to children under 10 years of age. Design: We validated the FFQ POIBA-HDWE as part of the Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (POIBA project) in Barcelona. Forty-two out of 63 primary school students (9-10 years old) answered three questionnaires: FFQ POBA-HDWE; another questionnaire, 'POIBA-How do our children eat?' (POIBA-HDOCE), which was administered to the children's parents; and the 24-h recall computer program 'Young Adolescents' Nutrition Assessment on Computer' (YANA-C), which was used on three different days as a gold standard...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#18
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151473/prevalence-of-dizziness-and-associated-factors-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-2010-to-2012
#19
Jiwon Chang, Soon Young Hwang, Su Kyoung Park, Jin Hwan Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Sung-Won Chae, Jae-Jun Song
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is one of the most common complaints in medicine and a frequent symptom among older people. Dizziness has a considerable impact on life quality and is associated with high economic costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dizziness in the general population and to describe its clinical characteristics and associated factors. METHODS: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) is a cross-sectional survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population of South Korea...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150168/exploring-the-path-between-depression-anxiety-and-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-among-apparently-healthy-greek-middle-aged-adults-the-attica-study
#20
Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Mary Yannakoulia, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Somnath Chatterji, Josep Maria Haro, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
OBJECTIVES: Although there is substantial evidence that psychological factors play an important role in the onset and course of cardiovascular disease (CVD), less is known about their combined effect and the pathways by which they affect cardiovascular health. The present work aimed to prospectively explore the effects of depression and anxiety on the 10-year CVD incidence, in relation to other lifestyle determinants, as linking factors in the context of the ATTICA study. Study design/Main outcome measures: The ATTICA study is a population-based, health and nutrition prospective cohort study (2002-2012), during which 853 middle-aged participants without a history of CVD [453 men (aged 45±13years) and 400 women (aged 44±18years)], underwent psychological evaluations at enrollment...
December 2017: Maturitas
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