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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032777/acute-urinary-retention-after-black-widow-envenomation-a-case-report
#1
Matthew Carere, Russel Sterret, Nicholas Timmerman, Ian Taylor
Latrodectism following Black Widow envenomation is rare in Canada. We present the case of a previously healthy 50 year old male who presented with an acute abdomen, hypertension, and urinary retention. After a thorough work up it was determined to be as a result of a Black Widow spider bite. Due to climate change we may see more cases of Latrodectism in the future and it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in anyone presenting with an acute abdomen after an insect bite.
October 16, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031177/giant-gastric-lipoma-presenting-as-gi-bleed-enucleation-or-resection
#2
Salah Termos, Ossama Reslan, Omar Alqabandi, Abdullah AlDuwaisan, Saud Al-Subaie, Khalifa Alyatama, Mohammad Alali, Ahmad AlSaleh
INTRODUCTION: Gastric lipomas are unusual benign lesions and account for less than 1% of all tumours of the stomach and 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas (Thompson et al.2003; Fernandez et al. 1983 [1,2]). Although predominantly asymptomatic and indolent; they may present with gastric outlet obstruction and upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding owing to size and ulceration. Only a few cases have been reported, presenting large in size with massive GI bleeding (Alcalde Escribano et al...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026834/conservative-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-a-large-mesenteric-cyst
#3
Billy C Leung, Ruth Sankey, Matteo Fronza, Mohamed Maatouk
Mesenteric cysts are rare, benign gastrointestinal cystic lesions, which are often non-troublesome and present as an incidental radiological finding. However, surgery is often performed in the acute setting to remove lesions that are symptomatic. This report highlights the case of a large, symptomatic mesenteric cyst managed successfully with initial conservative measures followed by planned elective surgery. A 44-year-old female presented with a four-day history of generalised abdominal pain associated with distension, fever, diarrhoea and vomiting...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024841/complicated-acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-an-abscess-in-the-abdominal-wall-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#4
Ibrahim Massuqueto Andrade Gomes de Souza, Diego Antonio De Almeida Nunes, Carolina Morandim Granito Massuqueto, Marcos Alberto de Mendonça Veiga, Horacio Tamada
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdomen; however, the classic clinical signs are not often present, and it has unusual presentations. Thus, its diagnosis can be challenging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe the case of an elderly man who presented with right abdominal wall abscess with spontaneous drainage in the emergency department. Since we suspected a subjacent abdominal pathology, we performed surgery, and intraoperatively, we observed that the Appendix tip had invaded the abdominal wall...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990356/thalidomide-embryopathy-as-possible-cause-of-anterior-sacral-meningocele-a-case-report
#5
Davide Marco Croci, Martina Dalolio, Stefan Schaeren, Morten G Wasner, Luigi Mariani, Gregory F Jost
A 54-year-old male presented with a sudden burning sensation during urination and left flank pain. Apart from having congenital facial palsy and malformation of the inner right ear that was linked to thalidomide embryopathy, the patient has always been in good health. Urine examination showed the presence of a urinary tract infection. An abdominal ultrasound revealed a large cyst in the lower abdomen, which on MRI corresponded to a large anterior sacral meningocele (ASM) with sacral agenesis at S1/S2. After antibiotic treatment and the spontaneous passage of a kidney stone, the symptoms resolved...
October 9, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984337/primary-splenic-pregnancy-a-rare-but-imperative-cause-of-hemoperitoneum-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Ruchi Rathore, Shilpi Shilpi, Ratna Chopra, Namrata Nargotra
Primary splenic pregnancy is an extremely rare form of extratubal ectopic pregnancy. These cases often cause splenic rupture in very early course of their gestation thereby presenting with hemoperitoneum in emergencies. Owing to the higher risk of exsanguination and death caused by hemoperitoneum, it is essential to diagnose these cases for proper management and better prognosis of the patients. We present the case of a 23-year-old female, gravida 2, para 1, live issue 1 presenting to the emergency outpatient department with acute abdomen and hemoperitoneum...
October 6, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982300/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-hemorrhagic-hepatocellular-adenoma-in-a-pregnant-patient
#7
F Gryspeerdt, R Aerts
INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign neoplasm of the liver, however, with a potential for life-threatening hemorrhage. The unpredictable course during pregnancy poses a clinical dilemma in the pregnant patient. Intra-peritoneal rupture may lead to life-threatening situations with adverse outcome for mother and unborn child. A pre-emptive strategy with adequate treatment before pregnancy is strongly advised. However, the strategy for treating symptomatic HCA during pregnancy remains challenging as experience is limited...
October 5, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978602/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-a-jejunal-enterolith-an-unusual-complication-of-jejunal-diverticulitis
#8
Lalita Malghan, Ashley Uttley, David Scullion
A 91-year-old woman presented with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction supported by clinical findings. A CT of the abdomen was performed which demonstrated jejunal diverticulosis with a single inflamed, wide necked diverticulum. A large enterolith was found to be impacted in the jejunum just distal to the area of inflammation resulting in small bowel obstruction. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy, which confirmed the CT findings. Small bowel resection was performed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971171/retrospective-analysis-of-cases-of-intestinal-invagination-treated-and-followed-up-at-our-clinic
#9
Bora Barut, Huseyin Yonder, Kemal Baris Sarici, Fatih Ozdemir, Volkan Ince
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present data on the diagnosis, treatment, clinical course, and outcome of cases of intestinal invagination. METHODS: Data of 11 patients treated for intestinal invagination at one center between June 2009 and July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively in terms of demographic data, etiological factors, anatomical localization of invagination, admission complaints, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging modalities used, postoperative complications, and hospital stay...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966194/open-abdomen-in-trauma-and-critical-care
#10
Eleanor R Fitzpatrick
The open abdomen technique and temporary abdominal closure after damage control surgery is fast becoming the standard of care for managing intra-abdominal bleeding and infectious or ischemic processes in critically ill patients. Expansion of this technique has evolved from damage control surgery in severely injured trauma patients to use in patients with abdominal compartment syndrome due to acute pancreatitis and other disorders. Subsequent therapies after use of the open abdomen technique and temporary abdominal closure are resuscitation in the intensive care unit and planned reoperation to manage the underlying cause of bleeding, infection, or ischemia...
October 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959508/autonomic-dysreflexia-in-the-peripartum-patient-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#11
Purnima M Rao, Adam Garber, Chandrew Rajakumar, Genevieve Rousseau, George Dumitrascu, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (ob/gyn) and anesthesiology. Consultation with a nurse educator maintained quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train ob/gyn and anesthesiology residents and nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
July 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958475/successful-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-the-treatment-of-ruptured-8-5-cm-splenic-artery-aneurysm
#12
Gabriel Ologun, Keith Sharpton, Paul Granet
Spontaneous rupture of splenic artery aneurysm is a rare cause of acute abdomen with hemorrhagic shock that is a life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of a spontaneous rupture of an 8.5-cm splenic artery aneurysm managed using resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (ER-REBOA Catheter; Prytime Medical Inc, Boerne, Tex) for proximal control of the aorta before laparotomy. This is a minimally invasive technique that can be used as an adjunct to massive transfusion resuscitation and laparotomy for life-threatening intraperitoneal hemorrhage...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957773/a-rare-case-report-describing-the-relation-between-sweet-syndrome-and-spontaneous-recurrent-peritonitis
#13
Y Rajjoub, N Saffaf, A Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a subset of rare inflammatory disorders, first described by Dr. Robert Douglas Sweet in 1964 (Sweet, 1964). The co-existence of Sweet syndrome and spontaneous recurrent peritonitis has never been previously mentioned in the medical literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 37-year old female patient with known idiopathic Sweet syndrome, diagnosed on skin biopsy, who presented with multiple episodes of spontaneous peritonitis...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954752/laparoscopic-removal-of-migrated-intrauterine-device
#14
Ariel P Santos, Cate Wetzel, Zia Siddiqui, David Shane Harper
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a popular long-acting reversible contraceptive device with an estimated rate of use of about 5.3%. It is highly effective but not without complications, one of which is uterine perforation. The patient was a 32-year-old female who presented with nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant abdominal pain that was tender on palpation. CT scan was performed and they found signs of acute calculous cholecystitis with incidental finding of a migrated IUD in the left lateral mid-abdomen within the peritoneal cavity...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954745/spontaneous-intramural-small-bowel-hematoma-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-receiving-chemotherapy-and-nilotinib
#15
Glenda M Delgado Ramos, Guilherme Piovezani Ramos, Thomas G Cotter
Spontaneous intramural small bowel hematoma (SISBH) is a rare, acute abdominal condition, with increasing incidence in recent years. Excessive anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is the most common aetiology. We report the case of a large acute jejunal intramural hematoma in a patient with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia receiving chemotherapy and nilotinib. The patient presented with abdominal pain, haematochezia, acute anaemia and thrombocytopenia. CT of the abdomen and pelvis revealed SISBH...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953641/treatment-of-grey-zone-lymphoma-using-the-r-codox-m-r-ivac-protocol-two-case-reports
#16
Xiao-Yan Yang, Ling Jiang, Rong-Fei Jia, An-Ji Hou
RATIONALE: We report our experience with 2 patients diagnosed with grey zone lymphoma (GZL). The histopathological characteristics of lymphomatous tissues in these patients ranged between those of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the classical Hodgkin lymphoma. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old female presented to the hospital with a history of lower abdominal pain of metastatic origin for 2 days. She was diagnosed with acute appendicitis and had undergone emergency surgery...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953636/colonic-obstruction-caused-by-accessory-spleen-torsion-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Chuanzeng Ren, Yongqing Liu, Rongge Cao, Tao Zhao, Dong Chen, Lingli Yao, Zhili Pan
RATIONALE: Accessory spleen torsion is a rare cause of the acute abdomen. The complications of accessory spleen torsion, such as intestinal obstruction, are rarer. We herein report a case of colonic obstruction caused by accessory spleen torsion because of the unusual condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 15-year-old patient presented with acute intestinal obstruction with signs of peritoneal irritation. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography examinations revealed a soft tissue mass in the left midabdomen...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948803/-gallbladder-volvulus
#18
R Hrivnák, V Čan, I Rovný, T Andrašina
INTRODUCTION: Volvulus of the gallbladder is one of very rare diseases ranked among acute abdomen conditions. Only case reports are described in the literature. The disease presents with acute biliary ailments, often reminiscent of acute cholecystitis. It is more common in frail elderly women and its preoperative diagnosis is very difficult, and therefore this finding is encountered intraoperatively in most cases. CASE REPORT: In our case report we present the case of a female patient where the volvulus of the gallbladder was found as a surprising discovery during surgery...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948801/-invagination-in-an-adult-as-a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdomen-2-case-reports
#19
J Majernik, D Bis, T Kriegler, P Hanousek, T Vltavský, V Ninger
The authors present two cases of intestinal invagination in adult patients. The first case is an 84-year-old polymorbid female patient indicated for acute surgical revision due to ileus with a finding of invagination in the sigmoid area, with no evidence of an organic cause. The second case, an 80-year-old polymorbid female patient, was indicated for acute surgical revision also due to ileus with a finding of invagination on the small intestine and with a proven neuroendocrine tumor. Unlike invagination in childhood where its cause is usually unknown[1,7], intestinal invagination is relatively rare in adults and it is mostly due to an organic cause, most frequently a benign tumor of the small intestine[2]...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948797/-primary-gastrointestinal-lymphoma
#20
L Sojka, V Makajevová, J Šimša, J Votrubová, R Matěj
This article deals with a surgical approach to primary gastrointestinal lymphoma - a rare finding when compared to primary gastric carcinoma. The clinical findings, diagnosis and staging of the disease as well as various treatment methods and prognosis of the condition are discussed. As it is evident from the paper, the opinions of individual authors regarding this diagnosis may often differ considerably. Furthermore, this paper presents two separate case studies of surgical treatment for gastric lymphomas performed at our department in 2016...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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