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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220755/coronary-artery-calcification-predicts-cardiovascular-complications-after-sepsis
#1
Vedant A Gupta, Matthew Sousa, Nathan Kraitman, Rahul Annabathula, Olga Vsevolozhskaya, Steve W Leung, Vincent L Sorrell
PURPOSE: Sepsis is a highly prevalent and fatal condition, with reported cardiovascular event rates as high as 25-30% at 1year. Risk stratification in septic patients has been extremely limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 267 septic patients with detectable troponin levels, APACHE II scores, and CT scans of the chest or abdomen were assessed. Patients with a recent cardiac intervention were excluded. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was identified as present or absent on body CT scans...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217285/outcomes-and-palliative-care-utilization-in-patients-with-dementia-and-acute-abdominal-emergency-opportunities-for-surgical-quality-improvement
#2
Ana Berlin, Franchesca Hwang, Ranbir Singh, Sri Ram Pentakota, Roshansa Singh, Brad Chernock, Anne C Mosenthal
BACKGROUND: When patients with dementia develop acute surgical abdomen, patients, surrogates, and surgeons need accurate prognostic information to facilitate goal-concordant decision making. Palliative care can assist with communication, symptom management, and family and caregiver support in this population. We aimed to characterize outcomes and patterns of palliative care utilization among patients with dementia, presenting with abdominal surgical emergency. METHOD: We retrospectively queried the National Inpatient Sample for patients aged >50 years with dementia and acute abdominal emergency who were admitted nonelectively 2009-2013, utilizing ICD-9-CM codes for dementia and surgical indication...
December 4, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208037/uterine-rupture-in-a-primigravid-patient-an-uncommon-but-severe-obstetrical-event-a-case-report
#3
Lotte Posthumus, Marielle Eveline Donker
BACKGROUND: A spontaneous rupture of the unscarred uterus in a primigravid patient is extremely rare and is associated with high perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old white primigravid woman, 31 + 3 weeks of gestation, presented with pre-eclampsia and developed a sudden acute abdomen. An emergency laparotomy was performed and a uterine rupture was found as the cause of the event. A stillborn girl was born. CONCLUSION: A rupture of the pregnant uterus should always be considered in a pregnant woman presenting with abdominal pain, even in a primigravid patient...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207775/axial-torsion-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-rare-case-report
#4
Sandesh Vithal Parab, Pramod Govindrao Salve, Aruna Dahiphale, Rupesh Thakare, Amit Aiwale
Meckel's Diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of gastrointestinal tract, occurring in 2% of the population. It is a true diverticulum and histologically all four intestinal layers are present within MD. There are various complications related to a Meckel's diverticulum, including haemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, inflammation and perforation. Axial torsion followed by gangrene of MD is the rarest of the complications that have been reported. The exact mechanism for torsion is unclear. Preoperative diagnosis of torsion of MD is difficult and often confused with appendicitis as pain is usually localized to right lower quadrant...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207774/a-diagnostic-surprise-for-a-right-iliac-fossa-mass-a-perforated-ileal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#5
J Sanjay Prakash, Anita Samraj, G Sabarish Kumar, R Vijai
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs) are tumours of the gut found mostly in stomach and small intestine. The complications are Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, obstruction, pain and rarely perforation. We are reporting an abnormal presentation of GIST masquerading as an acute abdomen with Right Iliac Fossa (RIF) mass in 60-year-old lady. Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) of abdomen revealed a peripherally enhancing encapsulated abscess in RIF in close contact with base of caecum and adjacent peritonitis suggesting caecal perforation...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201807/ascitic-fluid-serum-bilirubin-ratio-as-an-aid-in-preoperative-diagnosis-of-choleperitoneum-in-a-neglected-case-of-spontaneous-common-bile-duct-perforation
#6
Farhanul Huda, Manisha Naithani, Sudhir K Singh, Sarama Saha
Spontaneous perforation of extrahepatic biliary system is a rare and potentially fatal cause of acute abdomen. Clinical presentation is as biliary peritonitis. This condition is rarely suspected as a cause of peritonitis preoperatively and correct diagnosis is made during surgery. If suspected, diagnosis can be made by various imaging techniques like hepatobiliary scintigraphy, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). As these imaging techniques are not readily available, especially in low socioeconomic countries, we hereby report a case of spontaneous common bile duct (CBD) perforation, which was diagnosed preoperatively by estimation of ascitic fluid-to-serum bilirubin ratio, a simple, quick, and cost-effective test...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194893/mesenteric-cyst-an-uncommon-cause-of-acute-abdomen
#7
Tamara G Mullaney, Basil D'Souza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186931/mixture-toxicity-of-bensulfuron-methyl-and-acetochlor-to-red-swamp-crayfish-procambarus-clarkii-behavioral-morphological-and-histological-effects
#8
Jixin Yu, Elvis Genbo Xu, Yan Ren, Shiyu Jin, Tanglin Zhang, Jiashou Liu, Zhongjie Li
The mixture of bensulfuron-methyl and acetochlor (MBA) has been widely applied as a rice herbicide in China, but the mixture toxicity of MBA to aquatic organisms is largely unknown. The current study aims to investigate the acute effects of MBA to juvenile red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Firstly, a 96 h semi-static exposure was conducted to determine the Lethal Concentration 50 (LC50) values at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h, as well as to assess the behavioral and morphological effects. A second 96 h exposure was conducted at an MBA concentration of 50% of the 96 h LC50 (72...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185407/duodenal-perforation-due-to-ingested-partial-denture
#9
Muhammad Siddiq, Ahmad Uzair Qureshi, Muhammad Shahid Farooq, Abrar Ashraf Ali
Ingestion of foreign bodies including dentures can be a cause of morbidity and mortality. We report a case of poor-fit denture in an elderly male with pulmonary and musculoskeletal comorbidities, who presented as an acute abdomen. The pin attached to the denture caused perforation of first part of duodenum. The only positive finding prior to surgery was a radiopaque density in the abdominal radiograph of the patient and air under the diaphragm. It is important for all the surgeons dealing with acute care patients to be aware of different designs and constructions of dentures...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162403/cope-s-sign-and-complete-heart-block-in-a-78-year-old-patient-with-biliary-colic
#10
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Natalia I Asimakopoulou, Emmanuel Kanoupakis, Spyridon Maragkoudakis, Simeon Panagiotakis, Achilleas Gikas
INTRODUCTION: Acute cholecystitis and biliary colic may have signs and symptoms similar to those of Acute Coronary Syndrome(ACS) along with ischemic ECG changes. Cholecystitis and/or biliary colic have been both reported as trigger factors for bradyarrhythmia in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old male patient was admitted to our Emergency Department (ED) due to acute abdominal pain. The ECG on admission showed sinus bradycardia with a rate of 40 beats per minute (bpm) without signs of acute ischemia and a brief period (7 s) of complete atrioventricular (AV) block...
November 18, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160493/neonatal-appendicitis-a-survival-case-study
#11
Izabela Linha Secco, Taine Costa, Etiene Letícia Leone de Moraes, Márcia Helena de Souza Freire, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Regina Paula Guimarães Vieira Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neonatal appendicitis in a children's hospital in southern Brazil, demonstrating the impact on neonatal survival. METHOD: Case study with data collection from medical records, approved by the Institution and Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings. RESULTS: The clinical picture is initially characterized by food intolerance, evolving to hypoactivity, alteration of vital signs and septicemia due to intestinal perforation...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157632/appendicular-deciduosis-as-a-cause-of-acute-abdomen
#12
Alexis Luna Aufroy, Ruth Orellana Fernández, Mariona Novell Grau, Joan Carles Ferreres Piñas, Salvador Navarro Soto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156231/acute-organoaxial-gastric-volvulus-a-massive-problem-with-a-twist-case-report
#13
Fadi Al Daoud, Gul Sachwani Daswani, Vinu Perinjelil, Tina Nigam
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus (GV) is a rare and life threatening condition if not treated promptly or wrongly diagnosed. The main complication of gastric volvulus is foregut obstruction. The extreme rotation can cut off blood supply to the stomach and even distal organs, which can lead to ischemia and necrosis of the affected area. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 41yo female that complained of severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for approximately 3days after eating a large meal...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155635/case-248-cystic-duodenal-dystrophy-with-groove-pancreatitis
#14
Aruna R Patil, Shrivalli Nandikoor, Govindarajan Mallarajapatna, Swarna Shivakumar
History A 59-year-old man presented to the gastroenterology outpatient department with acute abdominal pain centered in the epigastrium. He had experienced similar episodes of abdominal pain in the past that had been treated with surgery. He reported multiple failed attempts at upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Laboratory tests were performed at the time of admission and revealed a serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase level of 9 U/L [0.15 μkat/L] (normal range, 5-40 U/L [0.08-0.67 μkat/L]), a serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase level of 34 U/L [0...
December 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147897/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-with-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-achieves-better-outcomes-than-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-alone-a-comparative-study
#15
Giuseppe Salamone, Leo Licari, Giovanni Guercio, Albert Comelli, Mirko Mangiapane, Nicolò Falco, Roberta Tutino, Noemi Bagarella, Sofia Campanella, Calogero Porrello, Roberto Gullo, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Gaspare Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen (OA) permits the application of damage control surgery principles when abdominal trauma, sepsis, severe acute peritonitis and abdominal compartmental syndrome (ACS) occur. METHODS: Non-traumatic patients treated with OA between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified in a prospective database, and the data collected were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' records were collected from charts and the surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) registries...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146416/fulminant-adrenergic-myocarditis-complicated-by-pulmonary-edema-cardiogenic-shock-and-cardiac-arrest
#16
Pawel Rostoff, Bohdan Nessler, Patrycja Pikul, Karolina Golinska-Grzybala, Tomasz Miszalski-Jamka, Jadwiga Nessler
Adrenergic myocarditis is an uncommon presentation of pheochromocytoma and extremely rare cause of de novo acute heart failure (AHF). We present a case of a 31-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of hypertension and recurrent occipital headaches who was admitted to the emergency department due to severe de novo AHF presenting as pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock. During the hospital admission the patient experienced asystolic cardiac arrest and was successfully resuscitated, intubated, and mechanically ventilated...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127915/sigmoid-perforation-caused-by-dentures-a-rare-case-report
#17
Mariya Abdullah, Jason Cui, Rasika Hendaheva
Rare case of an elderly male presenting to the emergency department with an acute abdomen few days post accidental ingestion of his dentures. A detailed history along with a CT abdomen showed perforation in the sigmoid colon adjacent to the site of the swallowed denture.
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126072/an-unusual-case-of-giant-ileal-diverticulum-a-case-report
#18
Fang Ju Koh, Jen Lock Khor, Min Hoe Chew
Small bowel diverticulosis is rare with an incidence of 1-2% in the general population. It is an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal bleeding that ranges from obscure to overt bleeding. Large ileal diverticula are extremely rare and bleeding complications can result in high overall mortality. A young gentleman presented with persistent per-rectal bleeding and drop in hemoglobin level. He was recently diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia and was undergoing chemotherapy. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a giant ileal diverticulum...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124521/successful-peritoneal-dialysis-using-a-percutaneous-tube-for-peritoneal-drainage-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-a-case-report
#19
Satoshi Yokoyama, Takayuki Nukada, Yuka Ikeda, Shigeto Hara, Akira Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for acute kidney injury (AKI) of newborns has been performed safely. AKI occurs in 8 to 24% of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Although PD has only been used occasionally in ELBW infants, prognosis is poor for ELBW infants with AKI. Several reports have described successful PD in these infants, but no guideline-based evidence concerning indications for renal replacement therapy in ELBW infants are currently available. Here, we report on our experience with PD in an ELBW infant with AKI resulting from septic shock...
November 9, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123893/a-case-of-omental-herniation-through-the-esophageal-hiatus-successfully-treated-by-laparoscopic-surgery
#20
Koichiro Sueyoshi, Yoshiaki Inoue, Yuka Sumi, Ken Okamoto, Daisuke Azuma, Seiichiro Yoshikawa, Masaki Fukunaga, Hiroshi Tanaka
Case: We report a rare case of omental herniation through the esophageal hiatus. A 46-year-old man visited our emergency department complaining of epigastralgia. Abdominal examination revealed muscular defense and rebound tenderness in his upper abdomen. A computed tomography scan showed a fat density mass in the posterior mediastinum. A laparoscopic operation was carried out under the diagnosis of omental herniation through the esophageal hiatus. Outcome: Abdominal pain disappeared dramatically after the operation...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
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