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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210339/anger-management-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-training-program-for-table-tennis-players
#1
Georges Steffgen
Based on a systematic review of the literature on anger and anger management in sport, there is evidence that anger might be dysfunctional, especially in sports requiring selective attention and fine-tuned motor skills. The research literature suggests that cognitive-behavioral intervention programs can be fruitful in helping athletes to understand and control dysfunctional anger. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief training program for table tennis players in cognitive-behavioral anger management that aimed at changing their noneffective anger reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#2
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#3
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183089/nine-year-longitudinal-psychosocial-and-mental-outcomes-of-a-stress-management-intervention-at-work-using-psychotherapeutic-principles
#4
Jian Li, Natalie Riedel, Amira Barrech, Raphael M Herr, Birgit Aust, Kathrin Mörtl, Johannes Siegrist, Harald Gündel, Peter Angerer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155001/change-in-urinary-cortisol-excretion-mediates-the-effect-of-angry-hostile-mood-on-9-month-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-hiv-adults
#5
Roger C McIntosh, Michael Antoni, Adam Carrico, Ron Duran, Barry E Hurwitz, Gail Ironson, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Mahendra Kumar, Neil Schneiderman
Cardiovascular disease is a growing concern in HIV disease management and nearly 1 out of 3 persons living with the virus is hypertensive. Biobehavioral factors such as anger, hostility, and HPA axis reactivity are emperically linked to blood pressure regulation. Whether HPA axis or mood disturbance increases risk for hypertension remains unclear in HIV disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether 9-month change in angry/hostile mood predicts alterations in systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and whether this change is mediated by 24-h urinary cortisol (CORT) output...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144196/changes-in-professionals-attitudes-and-approaches-to-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment
#6
Evdokia Missouridou, Despina Esseridou
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement with drug and alcohol services remains limited. AIM: to illuminate changes in addiction professionals' subjective attitudes and approaches of parents over time in their career. METHODS: Overall, twenty seven drug and alcohol professionals participated in the study. RESULTS: Themes depicting changes on therapists' attitudes, beliefs and experiences of working with the families of their clients are 'Redefining therapeutic role and expectations', 'Increased understanding and acceptance', 'Finding the right distance in relationships', 'Ability to contain feelings and experiences', 'Being selective in collaborations with professionals', 'Empathy for coworkers and increased collaboration'...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#7
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105974/baseline-practices-for-the-application-of-genomic-data-supporting-regulatory-food-safety
#8
Dominic Lambert, Arthur Pightling, Emma Griffiths, Gary Van Domselaar, Peter Evans, Sharon Berthelet, Duncan Craig, P Scott Chandry, Robert Stones, Fiona Brinkman, Alexandre Angers-Loustau, Joachim Kreysa, Weida Tong, Burton Blais
The application of new data streams generated from next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been demonstrated for food microbiology, pathogen identification, and illness outbreak detection. The establishment of best practices for data integrity, reproducibility, and traceability will ensure reliable, auditable, and transparent processes underlying food microbiology risk management decisions. We outline general principles to guide the use of NGS data in support of microbiological food safety. Regulatory authorities across intra- and international jurisdictions can leverage this effort to promote the reliability, consistency, and transparency of processes used in the derivation of genomic information for regulatory food safety purposes, and to facilitate interactions and the transfer of information in the interest of public health...
January 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095334/predictors-and-mediators-of-trait-anger-across-the-psychosis-continuum-the-role-of-attachment-style-paranoia-and-social-cognition
#9
Hannah Darrell-Berry, Sandra Bucci, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Richard Emsley, Richard Drake, Katherine Berry
Anger in the context of psychosis has a significant impact on treatment outcomes and serious implications for risk management. Understanding mechanisms underlying anger will improve interventions and inform strategies for prevention. This study is the first to examine the relationships between anger and key theoretical drivers across different phases of the psychosis continuum. A battery including measures of theory of mind, attachment, hostile attribution bias, paranoia and anger was administered to 174 participants (14 ultra-high risk, 20 first-episode, 20 established psychosis, 120 non-clinical participants)...
January 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076443/predicting-reoffending-using-the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-youth-savry-a-5-year-follow-up-study-of-male-juvenile-offenders-in-hunan-province-china
#10
Jiansong Zhou, Katrina Witt, Xia Cao, Chen Chen, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Juvenile violent offending is a serious worldwide public health issue. OBJECTIVE: The study examined whether the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) can be used to predict violent reoffending in Chinese male juvenile offenders, and to determine which risk/protective domains (items) are associated with violent recidivism. METHODS: A total of 246 male juvenile offenders were recruited. SAVRY domains were scored by trained raters based on file review and interviews with participants and their legal guardians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067594/nicotine-withdrawal-relapse-of-mental-illness-or-medication-side-effect-implementing-a-monitoring-tool-for-people-with-mental-illness-into-quitline-counseling
#11
Catherine J Segan, Amanda L Baker, Alyna Turner, Jill M Williams
BACKGROUND: Smokers with mental illness and their health care providers are often concerned that smoking cessation will worsen mental health. Smokers with mental illness tend to be more nicotine-dependent and experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, some of which are difficult to distinguish from psychiatric symptoms. In addition, smoking cessation can increase the blood levels and hence side effects of some psychotropic medications. Improved monitoring of nicotine withdrawal and medication side effects may help distinguish temporary withdrawal symptoms from psychiatric symptoms and facilitate targeted treatment to help smokers with mental illness manage the acute phase of nicotine withdrawal...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054290/treatment-of-hyponatremia-in-patients-with-acute-neurological-injury
#12
Theresa Human, Aaron M Cook, Brian Anger, Kathleen Bledsoe, Amber Castle, David Deen, Haley Gibbs, Christine Lesch, Norah Liang, Karen McAllen, Christopher Morrison, Dennis Parker, A Shaun Rowe, Denise Rhoney, Kiranpal Sangha, Elena Santayana, Scott Taylor, Eljim Tesoro, Gretchen Brophy
BACKGROUND: Little data exist regarding the practice of sodium management in acute neurologically injured patients. This study describes the practice variations, thresholds for treatment, and effectiveness of treatment in this population. METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter, observational study identified 400 ICU patients, from 17 centers, admitted for ≥48 h with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), traumatic brain injury (TBI), intraparenchymal hemorrhage, or intracranial tumors between January 1, 2011 and July 31, 2012...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041712/broken-heart-tako-tsubo-or-stress-cardiomyopathy-metaphors-meanings-and-their-medical-impact
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mita Banerjee, Norbert W Paul
The cardiac impact of psychological stress historically and socially understood as boundary experiences of human life has long since become an icon. From the aching heart to the sudden death provoked by awe, horror, grief, anger, and humiliation on one side and extreme enchantment, enthusiasm, and excitement on the other, the broken heart has become a globally recognized and powerful metaphor present from folklore to popular culture to high literature and back to everyday communication. In medicine, the "broken heart syndrome" is described as a relatively new nosological entity that has been used synonymously with the term tako-tsubo or stress cardiomyopathy...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026974/anger-smoking-behavior-and-the-mediator-effects-of-gender-an-investigation-of-heavy-and-moderate-smokers
#14
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Giuseppe Scimeca, Simona Lorusso, Fortunato Battaglia, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco A Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
BACKGROUND: The existing literature suggests the presence of a possible relationship between high anger levels and smoking behavior; however, there are no available data highlighting possible differences between moderate and heavy smokers and the putative effect of gender on smoking behavior. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to assess the relationship among anger, depression, and anxiety and smoking patterns taking into account the possible mediator role of gender...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991824/symbolic-meanings-of-sex-in-relationships-developing-the-meanings-of-sexual-behavior-inventory
#15
Amanda M Shaw, Ronald D Rogge
Consistent with symbolic interactionism and motivation research, the study explored the meanings of sexual behavior in romantic relationships in a sample of 3,003 online respondents. Starting with a pool of 104 respondent-generated items, Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor analyses in separate sample halves revealed a stable set of 9 dimensions within that item pool that formed 2 higher-order factors representing positive (to share pleasure, to bond, to de-stress, to energize the relationship, to learn more about each other) and negative (to manage conflict, as an incentive, to express anger, and to control partner) meanings of sexual behavior within relationships...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977620/changes-of-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#16
Jae-A Lim, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam-Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N = 44, mean age: 19...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965874/can-a-mindfulness-informed-intervention-reduce-aggressive-behaviour-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#17
Gemma Maria Griffith, Robert Jones, Richard Patrick Hastings, Rebecca S Crane, Judith Roberts, Jonathan Williams, Lucy Bryning, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-20 % of adults with intellectual disabilities engage in challenging behaviours such as aggression, destructiveness, and self-injury, which are often accompanied by feelings of anger. The inability to manage anger can reduce quality of life. For example, aggression is a strong predictor of out-of-area placements and is a risk variable for abuse. Recent research suggests that mindfulness-based therapies (specifically, Singh's Soles of the Feet meditation) can help people with intellectual disabilities manage angry emotions, with resultant reductions in challenging behaviour...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901352/the-social-amplification-of-haze-related-risks-on-the-internet
#18
Mark Chong, Murphy Choy
This study explores the implications of the digital network society for public health communication and management through an empirical study on communication related to the transboundary haze crisis in Singapore. Using the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF), the authors applied sentiment and thematic analysis on haze-related posts on an online discussion forum (HardwareZone) and a social networking site (Facebook), and to haze-related articles in The Straits Times (a newspaper). The study shows that the medium matters in social amplification of risk: Facebook had an effect on the amplification of emotions, while HardwareZone and The Straits Times did not...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889682/-stress-anger-fear-and-injustice-an-international-qualitative-survey-of-women-s-experiences-planning-a-vaginal-breech-birth
#19
Karolina Petrovska, Nicole P Watts, Christine Catling, Andrew Bisits, Caroline Se Homer
OBJECTIVE: the outcomes of the Term Breech Trial had a profound impact on women's options for breech birth, with caesarean section now seen as the default method for managing breech birth by many clinicians. Despite this, the demand for planned vaginal breech birth from women does exist. This study aimed to examine the experiences of women who sought a vaginal breech birth to increase understanding as to how to care for women seeking this birth option. DESIGN: an electronic survey was distributed to women online via social media...
January 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868289/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-anti-mag-neuropathy-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-european-study
#20
Emilien Delmont, Fu Liong Hiew, Julien Cassereau, Anne-Catherine Aubé-Nathier, Aude-Marie Grapperon, Shahram Attarian, Yusuf A Rajabally
Our objective was to assess determinants of quality of life (QoL) in anti-myelin associated glycoprotein antibody (MAG) neuropathy. The SF-36 questionnaire was assessed in 55 patients, from Marseille, Angers (France) and Birmingham (United Kingdom). Routine clinical evaluations included MRC sum score, INCAT sensory score, Inflammatory Rasch-built Overall Disability Score (I-RODS), ataxia score, Jamar grip dynamometry, timed 10 m-walk, Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI) score, and Fatigue Severity Score (FSS)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
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