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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418984/anger-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-anrs-co13-hepavih
#1
Fabienne Marcellin, Camelia Protopopescu, Laure Esterle, Linda Wittkop, Lionel Piroth, Hugues Aumaitre, Olivier Bouchaud, Cécile Goujard, Daniel Vittecoq, François Dabis, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Maria P Carrieri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the relationship between anger dimensions (state, trait, expression, and control) and quality of life (QoL) in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH French national cohort. Anger and QoL were assessed using self-administered questionnaires in 536 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Correlations between anger scores (STAXI-2 scale) and QoL scores (WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale) were assessed using Spearman's coefficients...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381395/a-mobile-app-for-chronic-disease-self-management-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Raymond L Ownby, Amarilis Acevedo, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Joshua Caballero, Michael Simonson, Rosemary Davenport, Kofi Kondwani, Robin J Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is a critically important skill that helps people become active participants in their health care. Multiple studies in the United States and across the world have documented the association of health literacy with multiple health outcomes. In particular, the elderly and many members of minority groups have been shown to have low levels of health literacy; the same groups are disproportionately affected by chronic illnesses. These twin burdens affect the people most in need of the skills and knowledge required for coping with chronic illnesses...
April 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376726/relationships-between-parental-sleep-quality-fatigue-cognitions-about-infant-sleep-and-parental-depression-pre-and-post-intervention-for-infant-behavioral-sleep-problems
#3
Wendy A Hall, Melissa Moynihan, Radhika Bhagat, Joanne Wooldridge
BACKGROUND: Maternal and paternal depression has been associated with infants' behavioral sleep problems. Behavioral sleep interventions, which alter parental cognitions about infant sleep, have improved infant sleep problems. This study reports relationships between parental depression, fatigue, sleep quality, and cognitions about infant sleep pre and post-intervention for a behavioral sleep problem. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from Canadian parents (n = 455), with healthy infants aged 6-to-8-months exposed to a behavioral sleep intervention, examined baseline data and follow-up data from 18 or 24 weeks post intervention (group teaching or printed material) exposure...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365372/endogenous-opioid-function-and-responses-to-morphine-the-moderating-effects-of-anger-expressiveness
#4
John W Burns, Stephen Bruehl, Christopher R France, Erik Schuster, Daria Orlowska, Melissa Chont, Rajnish K Gupta, Asokumar Buvanendran
Long-term use of opioid analgesics may be ineffective or associated with significant negative side effects for some people. At present, there is no sound method of identifying optimal opioid candidates. Individuals with chronic low back pain (n=89) and healthy controls (n=102) underwent ischemic pain induction under placebo, opioid blockade (naloxone), and morphine in counterbalanced order. They completed the Spielberger Anger-out subscale. Endogenous opioid function x anger-out x pain status (chronic pain; healthy control) interactions were tested for morphine responses to ischemic threshold, tolerance and pain intensity (McGill Sensory and Affective subscales) and side effects...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362146/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-stress-among-incoming-college-freshman
#5
Renee Garett, Sam Liu, Sean D Young
OBJECTIVE: 1) examine changes in stress during first semester among freshmen undergraduates; 2) identify predictors of stress (coping strategies, emotional states and quality of sleep). PARTICIPANTS: 197 freshmen students were recruited for a 10-week study during first quarter (Oct-Dec, 2015). METHODS: Students completed weekly self-report surveys on stress, coping strategies, emotions, and quality of sleep. A General Linear Mixed-Model was used for analyses...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357497/reducing-operating-room-turnover-time-for-robotic-surgery-using-a-motor-racing-pit-stop-model
#6
Colby P Souders, Ken R Catchpole, Lauren N Wood, Jonathon M Solnik, Raymund M Avenido, Paul L Strauss, Karyn S Eilber, Jennifer T Anger
BACKGROUND: Operating room (OR) turnover time, time taken between one patient leaving the OR and the next entering, is an important determinant of OR utilization, a key value metric for hospital administrators. Surgical robots have increased the complexity and number of tasks required during an OR turnover, resulting in highly variable OR turnover times. We sought to streamline the turnover process and decrease robotic OR turnover times and increase efficiency. METHODS: Direct observation of 45 pre-intervention robotic OR turnovers was performed...
March 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317513/trait-anger-and-partner-specific-anger-management-moderate-the-temporal-association-between-alcohol-use-and-dating-violence
#7
Ryan C Shorey, James K McNulty, Todd M Moore, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates alcohol temporally precedes and increases the odds of violence between intimate partners. However, despite an extensive theoretical literature on factors that likely moderate the relationship between alcohol and dating violence, minimal empirical research has examined such moderators. METHOD: The purpose of the present study was to examine two potential moderators of this association: trait anger and partner-specific anger management...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299918/worry-and-anger-rumination-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#8
A Ricci, S Bonini, M Continanza, M T Turano, E M Puliti, A Finocchietti, D Bertolucci
The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to investigate the psychological profile of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) as compared to patients with other chronic pain syndromes (CP) and healthy subjects (HS); 2) to examine the associations between anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination in FS patients. FS patients (N=30), CP patients (N=30) and HS (N=30) completed measurements of anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination. FS patients showed higher levels of state and trait anxiety, worry and angry rumination than CP patients and HS, and higher levels of depression than HS...
December 31, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287201/-depression-anxiety-and-anger-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Carmela Mento, Giuseppa Gallo, Giulia Lanza, Basilio Pintaudi, Giacoma Di Vieste, Antonino Di Benedetto, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and anger on clinical expression of type 1 diabetes, also assessing possible gender differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus afferent to Diabetology Unit of the University Hospital in Messina underwent the following psychodiagnostic tests: Hamilton Rating Scale For Depression (HDRS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263357/effects-of-structured-group-counseling-on-anger-management-skills-of-nursing-students
#10
Yeter Sinem Üzar-Özçetin, Duygu Hiçdurmaz
BACKGROUND: Anger management is an important skill for nurses to prevent conflicts in the health care environment. Efforts, beginning with nursing education, are required to improve this skill and evaluate the effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a structured counseling program on improving the anger management skills of nursing students. METHOD: The study had an experimental design with pre- and posttests. Twenty-six undergraduate nursing students who were randomly assigned to the groups participated...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#11
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210339/anger-management-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-training-program-for-table-tennis-players
#12
Georges Steffgen
Based on a systematic review of the literature on anger and anger management in sport, there is evidence that anger might be dysfunctional, especially in sports requiring selective attention and fine-tuned motor skills. The research literature suggests that cognitive-behavioral intervention programs can be fruitful in helping athletes to understand and control dysfunctional anger. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief training program for table tennis players in cognitive-behavioral anger management that aimed at changing their noneffective anger reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#13
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#14
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183089/nine-year-longitudinal-psychosocial-and-mental-outcomes-of-a-stress-management-intervention-at-work-using-psychotherapeutic-principles
#15
Jian Li, Natalie Riedel, Amira Barrech, Raphael M Herr, Birgit Aust, Kathrin Mörtl, Johannes Siegrist, Harald Gündel, Peter Angerer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155001/change-in-urinary-cortisol-excretion-mediates-the-effect-of-angry-hostile-mood-on-9-month-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-hiv-adults
#16
Roger C McIntosh, Michael Antoni, Adam Carrico, Ron Duran, Barry E Hurwitz, Gail Ironson, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Mahendra Kumar, Neil Schneiderman
Cardiovascular disease is a growing concern in HIV disease management and nearly 1 out of 3 persons living with the virus is hypertensive. Biobehavioral factors such as anger, hostility, and HPA axis reactivity are emperically linked to blood pressure regulation. Whether HPA axis or mood disturbance increases risk for hypertension remains unclear in HIV disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether 9-month change in angry/hostile mood predicts alterations in systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and whether this change is mediated by 24-h urinary cortisol (CORT) output...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144196/changes-in-professionals-attitudes-and-approaches-to-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment
#17
Evdokia Missouridou, Despina Esseridou
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement with drug and alcohol services remains limited. AIM: to illuminate changes in addiction professionals' subjective attitudes and approaches of parents over time in their career. METHODS: Overall, twenty seven drug and alcohol professionals participated in the study. RESULTS: Themes depicting changes on therapists' attitudes, beliefs and experiences of working with the families of their clients are 'Redefining therapeutic role and expectations', 'Increased understanding and acceptance', 'Finding the right distance in relationships', 'Ability to contain feelings and experiences', 'Being selective in collaborations with professionals', 'Empathy for coworkers and increased collaboration'...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#18
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105974/baseline-practices-for-the-application-of-genomic-data-supporting-regulatory-food-safety
#19
Dominic Lambert, Arthur Pightling, Emma Griffiths, Gary Van Domselaar, Peter Evans, Sharon Berthelet, Duncan Craig, P Scott Chandry, Robert Stones, Fiona Brinkman, Alexandre Angers-Loustau, Joachim Kreysa, Weida Tong, Burton Blais
The application of new data streams generated from next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been demonstrated for food microbiology, pathogen identification, and illness outbreak detection. The establishment of best practices for data integrity, reproducibility, and traceability will ensure reliable, auditable, and transparent processes underlying food microbiology risk management decisions. We outline general principles to guide the use of NGS data in support of microbiological food safety. Regulatory authorities across intra- and international jurisdictions can leverage this effort to promote the reliability, consistency, and transparency of processes used in the derivation of genomic information for regulatory food safety purposes, and to facilitate interactions and the transfer of information in the interest of public health...
January 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095334/predictors-and-mediators-of-trait-anger-across-the-psychosis-continuum-the-role-of-attachment-style-paranoia-and-social-cognition
#20
Hannah Darrell-Berry, Sandra Bucci, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Richard Emsley, Richard Drake, Katherine Berry
Anger in the context of psychosis has a significant impact on treatment outcomes and serious implications for risk management. Understanding mechanisms underlying anger will improve interventions and inform strategies for prevention. This study is the first to examine the relationships between anger and key theoretical drivers across different phases of the psychosis continuum. A battery including measures of theory of mind, attachment, hostile attribution bias, paranoia and anger was administered to 174 participants (14 ultra-high risk, 20 first-episode, 20 established psychosis, 120 non-clinical participants)...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
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