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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#1
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808734/what-is-the-true-catheterization-rate-after-intravesical-onabotulinumtoxina-injection
#2
Devin N Patel, Juzar Jamnagerwalla, Justin Houman, Jennifer T Anger, Karyn S Eilber
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: A known side effect of intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox®) injection for overactive bladder (OAB) is urinary retention requiring clean intermittent catheterization (CIC), the fear of which deters patients from choosing this therapy. In clinical practice, patients with an elevated postvoid residual (PVR) are often managed by observation only, providing they do not have subjective complaints or contraindications. We sought to determine the true rate of urinary retention requiring CIC in clinical practice...
August 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805298/female-urethral-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Devin N Patel, Cynthia S Fok, George D Webster, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature of female urethral injuries associated with pelvic fracture and determine optimal management of this rare injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology criteria, we searched Cochrane, Pubmed and OVID databases for all articles available before June 30, 2016 using the terms "female pelvic fracture urethroplasty," "female urethral distraction," "female pelvic fracture urethral injury," "female pelvic fracture urethra girls...
August 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799859/why-walk%C3%A2-fly-managing-anger-grief-and-ptsd-2016-by-frances-helusky-221-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9780966263114-paragon-counseling-inc-co-published-with-virtualbookworm-com-publishing-college-station-tx-price-17-95
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#5
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760523/brief-training-on-patient-anger-increases-oncology-providers-self-efficacy-in-communicating-with-angry-patients
#6
James Gerhart, Veronica Sanchez Varela, John Burns
CONTEXT: Anger is a common reaction to pain and life-limiting and life-threatening illness, is linked to higher levels of pain, and may disrupt communication with medical providers. Anger is understudied compared to other emotions in mental health and healthcare contexts, and many providers have limited formal training in addressing anger. OBJECTIVES: To assess if a brief provider training program is a feasible method for increasing providers' self-efficacy in responding to patient anger...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734630/management-of-an-acinetobacter-baumannii-outbreak-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#7
M Tanguy, A Kouatchet, B Tanguy, É Pichard, S Fanello, M-L Joly-Guillou
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is a ubiquitous pathogen resistant to desiccation and responsible for healthcare-associated infections (HAI), especially in intensive care units (ICU) where it is responsible for 5-10% of HAIs. An A. baumannii outbreak occurred in the ICU of the University Hospital of Angers, France. OBJECTIVES: To describe the A. baumannii outbreak and to evaluate the control measures taken. The secondary objective was to evaluate the impact of the electronic alert system on the incidence of multidrug resistance to antibiotics...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719366/a-web-based-anger-management-program-for-parent-female-adolescents-conflicts-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shahrzad Yektatalab, Seddigheh Khodadadi, Marzieh Moattari, Fakhrozaman Naeemi Hosseiny, Najaf Zare
Objective This cluster randomized control trial was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based anger management program for mother-female adolescents' conflicts. Methods Eight out of 23 high-schools in District Two of Shiraz, Iran were chosen using random cluster sampling and randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group (each group consisted of four schools). The conflict tactics scale was filled out by all eligible third grade high school students in both groups and 140 students who had the scores higher than 30 were randomly selected; 70 adolescents in the intervention group participated in an 8 week intervention, while 70 adolescents in the control group did not undergo any intervention...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667569/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-a-phase-iv-2-year-open-label-study-in-europe
#9
David R Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, Peter Nagy, Isabel Hernández Otero, César Soutullo, Brian Yan, Beatriz Caballero, Alessandro Zuddas
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly recognized as a persistent disorder requiring long-term management. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the 2-year safety and efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Participants (aged 6-17 years) with ADHD received open-label, dose-optimized LDX 30, 50, or 70 mg/day for 104 weeks. Safety monitoring included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), vital signs, electrocardiography, and growth...
July 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661954/association-between-parenting-style-and-social-outcomes-in-children-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-18-month-longitudinal-study
#10
Sampada Bhide, Emma Sciberras, Vicki Anderson, Philip Hazell, Jan M Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: In a community-based sample of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (n = 179) and non-ADHD controls (n = 212), this longitudinal study explored changes in parenting style over time; and whether parenting style prospectively predicts child functional outcomes. METHODS: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis was assessed using the Conners ADHD index and Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children IV. Children (70.3% boys) were assessed at baseline (mean age: 7...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650195/mechanisms-underlying-mindfulness-based-addiction-treatment-versus-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-usual-care-for-smoking-cessation
#11
Claire Adams Spears, Donald Hedeker, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Natalie K Anderson, Sean C Houchins, Christine Vinci, Diana Stewart Hoover, Jennifer Irvin Vidrine, Paul M Cinciripini, Andrew J Waters, David W Wetter
OBJECTIVE: To examine cognitive and affective mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based addiction treatment (MBAT) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and usual care (UC) for smoking cessation. METHOD: Participants in the parent study from which data were drawn (N = 412; 54.9% female; 48.2% African American, 41.5% non-Latino White, 5.4% Latino, 4.9% other; 57.6% annual income <$30,000) were randomized to MBAT (n = 154), CBT (n = 155), or UC (n = 103). From quit date through 26 weeks postquit, participants completed measures of emotions, craving, dependence, withdrawal, self-efficacy, and attentional bias...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644699/why-walk%C3%A2-fly-managing-anger-grief-and-ptsd-2016-by-frances-helusky-221-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9780966263114-paragon-counseling-inc-co-published-with-virtualbookworm-com-publishing-college-station-tx-price-17-95
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644255/periodic-paralysis-and-encephalopathy-as-initial-manifestations-of-graves-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Theocharis Tsironis, Athanasios Tychalas, Dimitrios Kiourtidis, Jannis Kountouras, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Jobst Rudolf, Georgia Deretzi
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an uncommon complication of Graves' disease, characterized by the triad of acute hypokalemia without total body potassium deficit, episodic muscle paralysis, and thyrotoxicosis. Graves' encephalopathy is an extremely rare form of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (EAATD), characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms, increased antithyroid antibodies and cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration, nonspecific electroencephalogram abnormalities, and cortico-responsiveness...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#14
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630517/enhancing-student-communication-skills-through-arabic-language-competency-and-simulated-patient-assessments
#15
Sanah Hasan, Hamadeh M Khier Tarazi, Dana Abdel Halim Hilal
Objective. To assess student communication and patient management skill with introduction of Arabic and use of simulated patient assessments to a communication and counseling course. Design. Five, 3-hour tutorials (clinical skill laboratory) were added to the course covering: listening and empathic responding, non-verbal communications, interviewing skills, assertiveness, counseling in special situations: conflict, anger, worry or rushed situations, and professional decision making. Arabic content was introduced to the course to enhance Arabic communications and competence among students...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595512/effects-of-psychosocial-work-characteristics-on-hair-cortisol-findings-from-a-post-trial-study
#16
Raphael M Herr, Amira Barrech, Harald Gündel, Jessica Lang, Natalia Soares Quinete, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Prolonged work stress, as indicated by the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model, jeopardizes health. Cortisol represents a candidate mechanism connecting stress to ill health. However, previous findings appear inconclusive, and recommendations were made to assess work stress at multiple time points and also to investigate ERI (sub-)components. This study therefore examines the effects of two single time points, as well as the mean and change scores between time points of ERI and its components on hair cortisol concentration (HCC), a long-term cortisol measurement...
June 27, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558738/understanding-knee-osteoarthritis-from-the-patients-perspective-a-qualitative-study
#17
Victoria Carmona-Terés, Jenny Moix-Queraltó, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Iris Lumillo-Gutiérrez, Xavier Mas, Enrique Batlle-Gualda, Milena Gobbo-Montoya, Lina Jodar-Fernández, Anna Berenguera
BACKGROUND: No studies of Health Coach Interventions for knee OA sufferers that include patients' perspectives have been published. The study assesses current clinical practice and primary care professionals' advice from the patients' perspective, in order to obtain a participative design for a complex intervention based on coaching psychology. Moreover, wants to analyse the experiences, perceptions, cognitive evaluation, values, emotions, beliefs and coping strategies of patients with knee osteoarthritis, and secondly the impact of these factors in the Self-management of this condition...
May 30, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556972/comparing-anger-anger-expression-life-stress-and-social-support-between-korean-female-nursing-and-general-university-students
#18
Won Hee Jun, Gyungjoo Lee
AIMS: To compare anger, anger expression, life stress and social support among female students at a nursing university and a general university and to examine factors affecting anger in each group. BACKGROUND: University students typically experience constant stress resulting from factors like academic requirements, personal relationships and career decisions; this tends to promote anger. Particularly, nursing students' anger can negatively affect the quality of care that they provide as well as their mental health...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545005/the-efficacy-of-trauma-management-therapy-a-controlled-pilot-investigation-of-a-three-week-intensive-outpatient-program-for-combat-related-ptsd
#19
Deborah C Beidel, B Christopher Frueh, Sandra M Neer, Carl W Lejuez
Despite the 8-18.5% of returning Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation New Dawn (OND) veterans who are suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few receive empirically supported treatments. Among those that do, the dropout rate is high and more than 50% retain their diagnosis after treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of Trauma Management Therapy (TMT), delivered in a 3-week intensive outpatient (IOP) format. TMT combines virtual-reality augmented individual exposure therapy with a group intervention to address social isolation, anger, and depression...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521647/a-qualitative-investigation-of-lay-perspectives-of-diagnosis-and-self-management-strategies-employed-by-people-with-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Julia Frost, Jane Grose, Nicky Britten
This article explores how people with progressive multiple sclerosis give meaning to their experiences. It builds upon the self-management literature, which has captured the tension between the desire for retaining normalcy and the increasing burden of self-management associated with chronic disease progression. This repeat interview study is empirically grounded in 28 interviews with 14 people with progressive multiple sclerosis. We identified gender differences in diagnosis-seeking which impacted subsequent sense-making...
May 2017: Health (London)
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