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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#1
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295026/the-interaction-of-extremist-propaganda-and-anger-as-predictors-of-violent-responses
#2
Neil Shortland, Elias Nader, Nicholas Imperillo, Kyrielle Ross, Jared Dmello
In this study, and with a view to extending upon existing findings on the effects of general violent media on violent cognitions, we experimentally measured the relationship between exposure to extremist propaganda and violent cognitions. Our results countered our hypotheses and the wider findings of violent media and aggression that exposure to violent stimuli increases violent thoughts and that this effect is moderated by trait aggression. Specifically, this study found that participants with low and medium trait aggression became more pro-social after being exposed to extremist propaganda...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294964/rape-crisis-counseling-trauma-contagion-and-supervision
#3
Niveen Rizkalla, Maya Zeevi-Barkay, Steven P Segal
This study of rape crisis counselors considers whether increased exposure to victims' trauma is associated with increased supervision-believed necessary to combat trauma contagion-and whether such supervision will reduce the negative impact of such exposure. One hundred six women counselors in seven of nine rape crisis centers in Israel completed anonymous questionnaires documenting their work and trauma exposure. Trauma exposure was defined by counselors' number of victim-contact hours per week and their assessment of the trauma severity they experienced...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283492/systematic-review-of-studies-of-mental-health-nurses-experience-of-anger-and-of-its-relationships-with-their-attitudes-and-practice
#4
REVIEW
Rahul Jalil, Geoffrey L Dickens
INTRODUCTION: Emotional regulation is important in mental health nursing practice but individual emotions may require different regulation strategies. There is ample evidence that nurses experience anger specifically during their work, for example when experiencing patient aggression. It is, therefore, important to consolidate what is known about how anger manifests in mental health nursing practice. AIM: We aimed to systematically identify, evaluate, and synthesise results from studies about mental health nurses and anger, where anger was measured objectively...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280249/-it-s-when-you-re-not-doing-too-much-you-feel-tired-a-qualitative-exploration-of-fatigue-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#5
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is commonly experienced in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. In order to develop patient-centred psychosocial interventions to help patients manage fatigue symptoms, a more in-depth understanding regarding the experience of fatigue is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore renal patients' experiences of fatigue, across renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities. METHODS: Twenty-five in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted...
December 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251295/shared-attributes-of-responsibility-and-emotion-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-family-caregivers%C3%A2
#6
Deanne J O'Rourke, Michelle M Lobchuk, Rashid Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: To compare the attributions and emotions held by patients with lung cancer (affected individuals) and family caregivers in their management of the disease. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: A secondary data analysis of 304 affected individuals and 304 family caregivers. Participants were selected from five oncology outpatient settings.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Comparative analysis and regression modeling. Variables include responsibility, anger, and pride in managing lung cancer...
January 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236043/stress-induced-endocrine-and-immune-dysfunctions-in-caregivers-of-people-with-eating-disorders
#7
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Luis Moya-Albiol
Caregivers have to cope repeatedly with acute stressors in their daily lives, and this is associated with disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the immune system. Such disturbances could contribute to the development of health problems in informal caregivers of people with chronic illnesses, such as eating disorders (EDs). The main objective of this study was to examine endocrine (salivary cortisol levels (Csal)), immune (immunoglobulin-A (IgA)), and psychological (anxiety, mood, and anger feelings) responses to an acute psychological stressor in a sample of informal caregivers of individuals with EDs compared to a sample of non-caregivers...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221650/-immunohistochemistry-using-clone-ve1-is-an-economic-specific-and-sensitive-method-for-detecting-the-presence-of-brafv600e-mutations-in-melanoma
#8
M Etienne, F Oca, D Prunier-Mirebeau, A Croué, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Determination of BRAF mutation status is mandatory in the management of patients with inoperable stage IIIC or stage IV melanoma. Currently, molecular biology (MB) has been validated for detecting the presence of BRAF mutations. OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity, specificity and cost of immunohistochemistry (IHC) (clone VE1) versus BM methods (qPCR and Sanger sequencing). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the samples for which BRAF mutation status was requested between March 2013 and February 2015 at the cellular and molecular analysis laboratory of the Angers Hospital were included retrospectively and consecutively...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220606/why-walk%C3%A2-fly-managing-anger-grief-and-ptsd-2016-by-frances-helusky-221-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9780966263114-paragon-counseling-inc-co-published-with-virtualbookworm-com-publishing-college-station-tx-price-17-95
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200315/psychosocial-working-conditions-as-determinants-of-asthma-self-management-at-work-a-systematic-review
#10
Katherina Heinrichs, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exerts a considerable impact on patients and their employers. While adequate self-management is able to improve patients' prognosis, its actual implementation in everyday life may depend on contextual factors. We aimed to review the literature on the potential determinants of asthma self-management at the workplace. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched Medline and PsycINFO using terms related to the key concepts of interest (i.e., adult asthma, working conditions, and self-management)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186459/the-long-term-impact-of-a-change-in-effort-reward-imbalance-on-mental-health-results-from-the-prospective-man-go-study
#11
Amira Barrech, Natalie Riedel, Jian Li, Raphael M Herr, Kathrin Mörtl, Peter Angerer, Harald Gündel
Background: Little is yet known on the long-term effects of stress management interventions (SMIs) in the workplace. The aim this study was to prospectively examine the effect of an improvement of psychosocial working conditions measured by the Effort-Reward (E-R) Imbalance model within 2 years following an SMI, and mental health 7 years later. Methods: The study sample consisted of 97 male industrial workers from southern Germany. Data were collected pre- and post-intervention in 2006 (T1) and 2008 (T2), respectively, as well as in 2015 (T3)...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181392/long-term-effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-intervention-at-work-a-9-year-follow-up-study-based-on-a-randomized-wait-list-controlled-trial-in-male-managers
#12
Jian Li, Natalie Riedel, Amira Barrech, Raphael M Herr, Birgit Aust, Kathrin Mörtl, Johannes Siegrist, Harald Gündel, Peter Angerer
Objective: Short- and medium-term effectiveness (up to 3 years) of individual level stress management interventions (SMI) at work were demonstrated, yet long-term effectiveness remains unexplored. We therefore aimed to address this research gap. Methods: 94 male middle managers participated in a randomized wait-list controlled trial between 2006 and 2008 and in a post-trial-follow-up survey in 2015. During the first two years, all received an 18-hour psychotherapeutic SMI intervention which was based on the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model: tackling stressor on mismatch between effort and reward and promoting recovery on overcommitment...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172858/why-walk%C3%A2-fly-managing-anger-grief-and-ptsd-2016-by-frances-helusky-221-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9780966263114-paragon-counseling-inc-co-published-with-virtualbookworm-com-publishing-college-station-tx-price-17-95
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169338/anger-management-in-substance-abuse-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-an-interventional-study
#14
Ladan Zarshenas, Mehdi Baneshi, Farkhondeh Sharif, Ebrahim Moghimi Sarani
BACKGROUND: Anger and aggression have been developing notably in societies, especially among patients depending on substance abuse. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of anger management based on group education among patients depending on substances according to Patrick Reilly's cognitive behavioral approach. METHODS: In a quasi- experimental study, all patients who met the inclusion criteria were evaluated regarding their aggression level. The participants were assigned to 12 educational sessions based on group therapy and Patrick-Reilly's anger management by focusing on using a combination of cognitive intervention, relaxation, and communication skills...
November 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149520/compassion-in-practice-evaluating-the-awareness-involvement-and-perceived-impact-of-a-national-nursing-and-midwifery-strategy-amongst-health-care-professionals-in-nhs-trusts-in-england
#15
Helen Allan, Mike O'Driscoll, Liang Liu, Kevin Corbett, Laura Serrant
AIM: To report the findings from an evaluation of the impact of the Compassion in Practice Vision & Strategy (CiPVS) (National Health Service England (NHSE), 2012) on nursing, midwifery and care staff. BACKGROUND: The CiPVS was a programme of work to highlight the importance of compassionate care following the Francis Report in 2013 into the deficits in care in an NHS hospital trust. It was launched by NHS England in 2012 at a time when fiscal cuts were introduced by the Department of Health in England...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142192/successful-post-transplant-psychiatric-interventions-during-long-term-follow-up-of-patients-receiving-liver-transplants-for-alcoholic-liver-disease
#16
Hiroyuki Kimura, Yasuharu Onishi, Shinichi Kishi, Nobuhiko Kurata, Satoshi Ogiso, Hideya Kamei, Chisato Tsuboi, Naoko Yamaguchi, Azusa Shiga, Mai Kondo, Yushun Yokoyama, Fumika Takasato, Hiroshige Fujishiro, Kanako Ishizuka, Takashi Okada, Yasuhiro Ogura, Norio Ozaki
BACKGROUND Around 20-30% of patients who undergo liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) will resume heavy drinking after LT. It is crucial to control post-transplant relapse of alcohol use, because alcoholic recidivism has been shown to have a negative impact on post-transplant compliance and long-term outcomes of LT recipients. However, there is currently no specific, effective psychiatric intervention for preventing additional alcohol consumption in clinical practice. CASE REPORT We present 3 patients who underwent LT for ALD at Nagoya University Hospital who were followed up for prolonged periods (7...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121840/role-of-irrational-beliefs-and-anger-rumination-on-nurses-anger-expression-styles
#17
Eun-Mi Ham, Mi-Jin You
The aim of this study was to identify whether certain cognitive factors, such as irrational beliefs and anger rumination, affect nurses' anger expression styles. A total of 335 nurses employed at four tertiary hospitals in Korea completed surveys between July 29 and September 25, 2015. The surveys included Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale, the Korean Version of the Anger Rumination Scale, and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-Korean version. Results revealed that higher levels of irrational beliefs and anger rumination were associated with more anger-in and anger-out, and less anger-control expressions...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096775/randomized-clinical-trial-of-online-parent-training-for-behavior-problems-after-early-brain-injury
#18
Shari L Wade, Amy E Cassedy, Emily L Shultz, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, Terry Stancin, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-based Interacting Together Everyday: Recovery After Childhood TBI (I-InTERACT) versus abbreviated parent training (Express) or access to online resources (internet resources comparison [IRC]) in improving parenting skills and decreasing behavior problems after early traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: In this randomized, controlled, clinical trial, 113 children 3 to 9 years old previously hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were randomly assigned to receive Express (n = 36), I-InTERACT (n = 39), or IRC (n = 38)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096278/women-s-experiences-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jo Mackenzie, Esther Murray, Joanne Lusher
OBJECTIVE: to systematically review the available studies which relay the experience of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain and how this affects women psychologically and emotionally. METHOD: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of the experiences of pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain was conducted for qualitative studies dated between 2005 and 2016. Predefined terms were used to search nine central databases and hand searches of two reference lists of identified studies were carried out...
October 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057699/management-of-post-stroke-mood-and-emotional-disturbances
#20
Jong S Kim
Mood and emotional disturbances are common in stroke patients. Out of diverse post-stroke emotional disturbances, depression, anxiety, emotional incontinence, anger proneness, and fatigue are frequent and important symptoms. These symptoms are distressing for both the patients and their caregivers, and negatively influence the patient's quality of life. The emotional symptoms are not apparent and are therefore often neglected by neurologists. Their phenomenology, predicting factors, and pathophysiology have been under-studied, and are under-recognized...
December 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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