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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532591/modeling-stability-analysis-and-computational-aspects-of-some-simplest-nonlinear-fuzzy-two-term-controllers-derived-via-center-of-area-gravity-defuzzification
#1
N K Arun, B M Mohan
The mathematical models reported in the literature so far have been found using Center of Sums (CoS) defuzzification method only. It appears that no one has found models using Center of Area (CoA) or Center of Gravity (CoG) defuzzification method. Although there have been some works reported to deal with modeling of fuzzy controllers via Centroid method, all of them have in fact used CoS method only. In this paper, for the first time mathematical models of the simplest Mamdani type fuzzy Proportional Integral (PI)/Proportional Derivative (PD) controllers via CoG defuzzification are presented...
May 19, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532453/impact-of-legumes-and-plant-proteins-consumption-on-cognitive-performances-in-the-elderly
#2
Elisa Mazza, Antonietta Fava, Yvelise Ferro, Marta Moraca, Stefania Rotundo, Carmela Colica, Francesco Provenzano, Rosa Terracciano, Marta Greco, Daniela Foti, Elio Gulletta, Diego Russo, Domenico Bosco, Arturo Pujia, Tiziana Montalcini
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated the role of the dietary factors in the prevention of cognitive decline but the short-term effects of foods choice on cognitive performances in the elderly are poorly explored. Our aim was to investigate the choice of foods among elderly Italian individuals and the association with cognitive function. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, the participants were 214 individuals aged ≥65 years with a score >20 at the Mini Mental State Examination...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521080/histology-fusion-status-and-outcome-in-metastatic-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#3
Erin R Rudzinski, James R Anderson, Yueh-Yun Chi, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Caroline Astbury, Frederic G Barr, Stephen X Skapek, Douglas S Hawkins, Brenda J Weigel, Alberto Pappo, William H Meyer, Michael A Arnold, Lisa A Teot, David M Parham
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) from embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) has historically been of prognostic and therapeutic importance. However, classification has been complicated by shifting histologic criteria required for an ARMS diagnosis. Children's Oncology Group (COG) studies after IRS-IV, which included the height of this diagnostic shift, showed both an increased number of ARMS and an increase in the proportion of fusion-negative ARMS. Following diagnostic standardization and histologic re-review of ARMS cases enrolled during this era, analysis of low-risk (D9602) and intermediate-risk (D9803) rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) studies showed that fusion status rather than histology best predicts prognosis for patients with RMS...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509077/relationships-between-cognitive-impairment-on-adas-cog-and-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-using-spect-in-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Michio Takahashi, Yasunori Oda, Toshiyuki Okubo, Yukihiko Shirayama
The aim of this study was to examine brain hypoperfusion and its relationship with cognitive dysfunction in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty patients with late-onset AD and not receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors were recruited from outpatient clinics. We examined cognitive function using the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) and brain perfusion using single-photon emission computed tomography, and analyzed classified gyrus level segments with three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection and the stereotactic extraction estimation method level 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506890/biomechanics-of-the-transport-barrier-in-the-nuclear-pore-complex
#5
REVIEW
George J Stanley, Ariberto Fassati, Bart W Hoogenboom
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is the selective gateway through which all molecules must pass when entering or exiting the nucleus. It is a cog in the gene expression pathway, an entrance to the nucleus exploited by viruses, and a highly-tuned nanoscale filter. The NPC is a large proteinaceous assembly with a central lumen occluded by natively disordered proteins, known as FG-nucleoporins (or FG-nups). These FG-nups, along with a family of soluble proteins known as nuclear transport receptors (NTRs), form the selective transport barrier...
May 12, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506147/long-term-outcome-after-survival-of-a-cardiac-arrest-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Véronique R M Moulaert, Caroline M van Heugten, Ton P M Gorgels, Derick T Wade, Jeanine A Verbunt
BACKGROUND: A cardiac arrest can lead to hypoxic brain injury, which can affect all levels of functioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate 1-year outcome and the pattern of recovery after surviving a cardiac arrest. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective longitudinal cohort study with 1 year of follow-up (measurements 2 weeks, 3 months, 1 year). On function level, physical/cardiac function (New York Heart Association Classification), cognition (Cognitive Log [Cog-log], Cognitive Failures Questionnaire), emotional functioning (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Impact of Event Scale), and fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale) were assessed...
June 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505978/an-arabic-version-of-the-cognitive-subscale-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-adas-cog-reliability-validity-and-normative-data
#7
Sonia Ben Jemaa, Neila Attia Romdhane, Amel Bahri-Mrabet, Adel Jendli, Didier Le Gall, Tarek Bellaj
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale's cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) is the most widely used instrument for screening cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The aim of the present study was to develop an Arabic version of this scale (A-ADAS-Cog), examine its psychometric properties (reliability and validity), and provide normative data. The A-ADAS-Cog), an Arabic version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (A-MMSE), and a Standardized Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) were administered to three Tunisian groups: 124 normal controls (NC), 33 patients with non-Alzheimer dementia (N-AD), and 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501058/limited-quality-evidence-suggests-that-early-caries-experience-at-age-6-years-may-predict-low-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-at-age-10%C3%A2-years
#8
Vinodh Bhoopathi, Marisol Tellez, Sungwoo Lim
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Early Caries Predicts Low Oral Health-Related Quality of Life at a Later Age. Kragt L, van der Tas JT, Moll HA, Elfrink ME, Jaddoe VW, Wolvius EB, Ongkosuwito EM. Caries Res. 2016; 50(5):471-9. SOURCE OF FUNDING: This study was funded by (1) the Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, (2) the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development, (3) an unrestricted grant from GABA, Therwil, Switzerland, (4) the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (VIDI 016...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495090/separation-of-ten-phosphorylated-mono-and-disaccharides-using-hilic-and-ion-pairing-interactions
#9
Caroline Mathon, Gregory A Barding, Cynthia K Larive
Phosphorylated carbohydrates are indispensable cogs in several key metabolic wheels for all forms of life. Here, a straightforward liquid chromatography method coupled to mass spectrometry detection was developed for phosphorylated sugars. For separation of the targeted compounds, hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) was used with a bridged-ethylene hybrid amide column under alkaline conditions using triethylamine as a mobile phase modifier. Methylphosphonic acid was added to the aqueous mobile phase to reduce the tailing of compounds containing phosphate groups, which are known to interact with stainless steel components of the separation system...
June 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493049/identification-and-differential-expression-of-biomineralization-genes-in-the-mantle-of-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata
#10
Haimei Li, Bo Zhang, Sigang Fan, Baosuo Liu, Jiaqi Su, Dahui Yu
A series of proteins are involved in shell formation of the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata, but the involved mechanisms and the relative expression levels of these proteins have not been elucidated. In this study, we sequenced and characterized the transcriptome of P. fucata mantle tissue. A total of 100,679 unique transcripts were assembled, 43687 Unigenes were annotated, and 48654 CDSs were determined. Of these, GO annotated 16353 Unigenes, COG defined 11585 unigenes into 25 categories, and KEGG sorted 25053 unigenes into 258 pathways...
May 10, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485630/estimation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-dementia-screening-tests-mini-mental-state-examination-mini-cog-clock-drawing-test-and-ascertain-dementia-8-questionnaire
#11
Li Yang, Jing Yan, Xiaoqing Jin, Yu Jin, Wei Yu, Shanhu Xu, Haibin Wu, Ying Xu, Caixia Liu
OBJECTIVE: Dementia is one of the leading causes of dependence in the elderly. This study was conducted to estimate diagnostic performance of dementia screening tests including Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mini-Cog, Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and Ascertain Dementia 8 questionnaire (AD8) by Bayesian models. METHOD: A total of 2015 participants aged 65 years or more in eastern China were enrolled. The four screening tests were administered and scored by specifically trained psychiatrists...
May 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485433/gas-phase-structure-of-1-8-bis-trimethylsilyl-ethynyl-anthracene-cog-wheel-type-vs-independent-internal-rotation-and-influence-of-dispersion-interactions
#12
Arseniy A Otlyotov, Jan-Hendrik Lamm, Sebastian Blomeyer, Norbert W Mitzel, Vladimir V Rybkin, Yuriy A Zhabanov, Natalya V Tverdova, Nina I Giricheva, Georgiy V Girichev
The gas-phase structure of 1,8-bis[(trimethylsilyl)ethynyl]anthracene (1,8-BTMSA) was determined by a combined gas electron diffraction (GED)/mass spectrometry (MS) experiment as well as by quantum-chemical calculations (QC). DFT and dispersion corrected DFT calculations (DFT-D3) predicted two slightly different structures for 1,8-BTMSA concerning the mutual orientation of the two -C-C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C-SiMe3 units: away from one another or both bent to the same side. An attempt was made to distinguish these structures by GED structural analysis...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482388/-a-follow-up-report-of-childhood-hepatoblastoma-from-74-cases-in-a-single-center
#13
T Y Wang, C Pan, J Y Tang, Q D Ye, M Zhou, Y J Gao, W T Hu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and the prognostic factors in pediatric hepatoblastoma according to the standard diagnostic and therapeutic regimen. Method: Eighty-four consecutive patients were enrolled in this study between June 2000 and June 2015. Diagnosis and staging was decided by the multi-disciplinary team including oncologists, surgeons, pathologists and sub-specialized radiologists refering to protocol of Children's Oncology Group(COG) and International Society of Pediatric Oncology Liver Tumor Study Group (SIOPEL) in a case observational study...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480535/integrated-continuous-bioprocessing-economic-operational-and-environmental-feasibility-for-clinical-and-commercial-antibody-manufacture
#14
James Pollock, Jon Coffman, Sa V Ho, Suzanne S Farid
This paper presents a systems approach to evaluating the potential of integrated continuous bioprocessing for monoclonal antibody (mAb) manufacture across a product's lifecycle from pre-clinical to commercial manufacture. The economic, operational and environmental feasibility of alternative continuous manufacturing strategies were evaluated holistically using a prototype UCL decisional tool that integrated process economics, discrete-event simulation, environmental impact analysis, operational risk analysis and multi-attribute decision-making...
May 8, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475275/a-qa-program-for-mrd-testing-demonstrates-that-systematic-education-can-reduce-discordance-among-experienced-interpreters
#15
Michael Keeney, Brent L Wood, Benjamin D Hedley, Joseph A DiGiuseppe, Maryalice Stetler-Stevenson, Elisabeth Paietta, Gerard Lozanski, Adam C Seegmiller, Bruce W Greig, Aaron C Shaver, Lata Mukundan, Howard R Higley, Caroline C Sigman, Gary Kelloff, J Milburn Jessup, Michael J Borowitz
BACKGROUND: Minimal residual disease (MRD) in B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by flow cytometry is an established prognostic factor used to adjust treatment in most pediatric therapeutic protocols. MRD in B-ALL has been standardized by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) in North America, but not routine clinical labs. The Foundation for National Institutes of Health sought to harmonize MRD measurement among COG, oncology groups, academic, community and government, laboratories. METHODS: Listmode data from post-induction marrows were distributed from a reference lab to seven different clinical FCM labs with variable experience in B-ALL MRD...
May 5, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469608/genome-centric-analysis-of-a-thermophilic-and-cellulolytic-bacterial-consortium-derived-from-composting
#16
Leandro N Lemos, Roberta V Pereira, Ronaldo B Quaggio, Layla F Martins, Livia M S Moura, Amanda R da Silva, Luciana P Antunes, Aline M da Silva, João C Setubal
Microbial consortia selected from complex lignocellulolytic microbial communities are promising alternatives to deconstruct plant waste, since synergistic action of different enzymes is required for full degradation of plant biomass in biorefining applications. Culture enrichment also facilitates the study of interactions among consortium members, and can be a good source of novel microbial species. Here, we used a sample from a plant waste composting operation in the São Paulo Zoo (Brazil) as inoculum to obtain a thermophilic aerobic consortium enriched through multiple passages at 60°C in carboxymethylcellulose as sole carbon source...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468252/sensor-fusion-based-on-an-integrated-neural-network-and-probability-density-function-pdf-dual-kalman-filter-for-on-line-estimation-of-vehicle-parameters-and-states
#17
Leandro Vargas-Melendez, Beatriz L Boada, Maria Jesus L Boada, Antonio Gauchia, Vicente Diaz
Vehicles with a high center of gravity (COG), such as light trucks and heavy vehicles, are prone to rollover. This kind of accident causes nearly 33 % of all deaths from passenger vehicle crashes. Nowadays, these vehicles are incorporating roll stability control (RSC) systems to improve their safety. Most of the RSC systems require the vehicle roll angle as a known input variable to predict the lateral load transfer. The vehicle roll angle can be directly measured by a dual antenna global positioning system (GPS), but it is expensive...
April 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466438/a-mechanistic-cohort-study-evaluating-cognitive-impairment-in-women-treated-for-breast-cancer
#18
Janette L Vardy, Myrle M Stouten-Kemperman, Gregory Pond, Christopher M Booth, Sean B Rourke, Haryana M Dhillon, Anna Dodd, Adrian Crawley, Ian F Tannock
Some women report cognitive impairment after adjuvant chemotherapy (CTh) for breast cancer. Here we explore cognitive function, and underlying mechanisms with blood tests and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Women treated for early breast cancer were recruited to three groups based on self-reported cognitive symptoms (CS) using FACT-Cog scores. CTh + CS+ (n = 44) had received chemotherapy and self-reported cognitive symptoms; CTh + CS- (n = 52) had chemotherapy but did not report cognitive problems; CTh- (n = 30) had not received chemotherapy...
May 2, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444691/maldi-ms-profiling-of-serum-o-and-n-glycosylation-in-cog5-cdg
#19
Angelo Palmigiano, Rosaria Ornella Bua, Rita Barone, Daisy Rymen, Luc Régal, Nicolas Deconinck, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Cheuk-Wing Fung, Domenico Garozzo, Jaak Jaeken, Luisa Sturiale
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are due to defective glycosylation of glycoconjugates. COG-CDG are genetic diseases due to defects of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex subunits 1-8 causing N- and O-glycan processing abnormalities. In COG-CDG, IEF separation of undersialylated glycoforms of serum transferrin and apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) allows to detect N- and O-glycosylation defects respectively. COG5-CDG (COG5 subunit deficiency) is a multisystem disease with dysmorphic features, intellectual disability of variable degree, seizures, acquired microcephaly, sensory defects and autistic behavior...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441967/comparison-of-csf-markers-and-semi-quantitative-amyloid-pet-in-alzheimer-s-disease-diagnosis-and-in-cognitive-impairment-prognosis-using-the-adni-2-database
#20
Fayçal Ben Bouallègue, Denis Mariano-Goulart, Pierre Payoux
BACKGROUND: The relative performance of semi-quantitative amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers in diagnosing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and predicting the cognitive evolution of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is still debated. METHODS: Subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 2 with complete baseline cognitive assessment (Mini Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating [CDR] and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale [ADAS-cog] scores), CSF collection (amyloid-β1-42 [Aβ], tau and phosphorylated tau) and (18)F-florbetapir scans were included in our cross-sectional cohort...
April 26, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
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