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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425367/a-rapid-handheld-device-to-assess-respiratory-resistance-clinical-and-normative-evidence
#1
Aaron B Holley, Wesley D Boose, Michael Perkins, Karen L Sheikh, Nancy P Solomon, Angela M Dietsch, Jafar Vossoughi, Arthur T Johnson, Jacob F Collen
Introduction: Following reports of respiratory symptoms among service members returning from deployment to South West Asia (SWA), an expert panel recommended pre-deployment spirometry be used to assess disease burden. Unfortunately, testing with spirometry is high cost and time-consuming. The airflow perturbation device (APD) is a handheld monitor that rapidly measures respiratory resistance (APD-Rr) and has promising but limited clinical data. Its speed and portability make it ideally suited for large volume pre-deployment screening...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422560/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-2-start-with-the-face-not-the-teeth-when-rehearsing-lip-support-and-tooth-positions
#2
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Even dentures exhibiting superb aesthetics are of no use if they visibly move during speech and social intercourse. In this, the second paper of three on removable denture aesthetics, we describe impression making and shaping the wax occlusal record rims. Not only are the impressions important for producing dentures with maximum retention, stability and support, but their extensions and the thickness of their borders have a decisive influence on lip support and profile. This article shows how the contours of the definitive impressions and the wax rims are developed so as to prescribe the overall form of the replacement gums and teeth...
February 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422384/efficacy-and-safety-of-primaquine-and-methylene-blue-for-prevention-of-plasmodium-falciparum-transmission-in-mali-a-phase-2-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Alassane Dicko, Michelle E Roh, Halimatou Diawara, Almahamoudou Mahamar, Harouna M Soumare, Kjerstin Lanke, John Bradley, Koualy Sanogo, Daouda T Kone, Kalifa Diarra, Sekouba Keita, Djibrilla Issiaka, Sekou F Traore, Charles McCulloch, Will J R Stone, Jimee Hwang, Olaf Müller, Joelle M Brown, Vinay Srinivasan, Chris Drakeley, Roly Gosling, Ingrid Chen, Teun Bousema
BACKGROUND: Primaquine and methylene blue are gametocytocidal compounds that could prevent Plasmodium falciparum transmission to mosquitoes. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of primaquine and methylene blue in preventing human to mosquito transmission of P falciparum among glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-normal, gametocytaemic male participants. METHODS: This was a phase 2, single-blind, randomised controlled trial done at the Clinical Research Centre of the Malaria Research and Training Centre (MRTC) of the University of Bamako (Bamako, Mali)...
February 5, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402397/task-shifting-of-cd4-t-cell-count-monitoring-by-the-touchscreen-based-muse%C3%A2-auto-cd4-cd4-single-platform-system-for-cd4-t-cell-numeration-implication-for-decentralization-in-resource-constrained-settings
#4
André Kouabosso, Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Gérard Grésenguet, Laurent Bélec
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of CD4 T cell monitoring by the recently developed flow cytometry-based CD4 T cell counting Muse™ Auto CD4/CD4% Assay analyzer (EMD Millipore Corporation, Merck Life Sciences, KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany) was evaluated in trained lay providers against laboratory technicians. METHODS: After 2 days of training on the Muse™ Auto CD4/CD4% analyzer, EDTA-blood samples from 6 HIV-positive and 4 HIV-negative individuals were used for CD4 T cell counting in triplicate in parallel by 12 trained lay providers as compared to 10 lab technicians...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396178/pharmacy-technician-involvement-in-community-pharmacy-medication-therapy-management
#5
Matthew Lengel, Catherine H Kuhn, Marcia Worley, Allison M Wehr, James W McAuley
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of technician involvement on the completion of medication therapy management (MTM) services in a community pharmacy setting and to describe pharmacists' and technicians' perceptions of technician involvement in MTM-related tasks and their satisfaction with the technician's role in MTM. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In the fall of 2015, pharmacists and selected technicians from 32 grocery store-based community pharmacies were trained to use technicians within MTM services...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392701/bioluminescent-in-vivo-imaging-of-orthotopic-glioblastoma-xenografts-in-mice
#6
Joshua D Frenster, Dimitris G Placantonakis
Orthotopic rodent xenografts are an essential tool for studying glioblastoma in vivo. Xenograft growth as a function of time can only be monitored by noninvasive imaging. This chapter describes in detail how to assess xenograft size and growth using bioluminescent imaging with IVIS (in vivo imaging system). This form of imaging (a) can be performed without the help of a trained technician, (b) is a very quick procedure, allowing simultaneous imaging of up to five animals at a total experimental duration of 15 min, and (c) is cheaper than the alternatives (small animal MRI or CT)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383381/a-family-centered-feeding-intervention-to-promote-food-acceptance-and-decrease-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-asd-report-of-follow-up-data-on-a-train-the-trainer-model-using-eat-up
#7
Deirdre Muldoon, Joanna Cosbey
Purpose: This research note outlines the usefulness of Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP), a train-the-trainer, family-centered feeding intervention, for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This report is a follow-up on a pilot study (n = 4) of the EAT-UP intervention previously completed by the same authors. Method: Participants were 3 families of children with ASD receiving services from an outpatient department of a larger rehabilitation hospital in the northeastern United States...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380127/pathologist-s-assistant-patha-and-his-her-role-in-the-surgical-pathology-department-a-systematic-review-and-a-narrative-synthesis
#8
M Bortesi, V Martino, M Marchetti, A Cavazza, G Gardini, E Zanetti, M C Bassi, L Ghirotto, M Costantini, Simonetta Piana
In recent decades, various highly qualified individuals have increasingly performed tasks that have historically been handled by physicians with the aim of reducing their workload. Over time, however, these "physician assistants" or "physician extenders" have gained more and more responsibilities, showing that specific tasks can be performed equally skilfully by specialised health care professionals. The pathologist's assistant (PathA) is a highly qualified technician who works alongside the pathologist and is responsible for the grossing and autopsies...
January 29, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378995/evaluation-of-vertical-marginal-adaptation-of-provisional-crowns-by-digital-microscope
#9
M Q Al Rifaiy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the degree of vertical marginal discrepancy of four provisional crown materials by digital microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 provisional crowns were fabricated on standardized resin dies by direct technique of provisional fabrication, using four different provisional materials (n = 25): Provisionals Fabricated by Systemp® c and b II, ivoclar vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein (group A); ProtempTM Plus, 3M ESPE, Neuss, Germany (group B); Success CD, PROMEDICA, Neumunster, Germany (group C); and Trim® Plus, Bosworth Company, Illinois, USA (group D)...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372746/trace-level-al3-detection-in-aqueous-media-utilizing-luminescent-ensembles-comprising-pyrene-laced-dynamic-surfactant-assembly
#10
Nilanjan Dey, Santanu Bhattacharya
Easily synthesizable amphiphilic probes have been designed for the detection of Al3+ exclusively at mesoscopic interfaces. The surface charge of the surfactant assemblies and the fluidity of the lipid aggregates show pronounced effects on the extent of Al3+ detection. Excellent sensitivity has been observed specifically in the presence of anionic surfactants and the lipid membranes with more sol-like characteristics. Moreover, a variation in the modes of Al3+ complexation is observed on shifting from one regioisomer to another...
January 26, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371195/clinical-support-role-for-a-pharmacy-technician-within-a-primary-care-resource-center
#11
Toni Fera, Keith T Kanel, Meghan L Bolinger, Amber E Fink, Serah Iheasirim
PURPOSE: The creation of a clinical support role for a pharmacy technician within a primary care resource center is described. SUMMARY: In the Primary Care Resource Center (PCRC) Project, hospital-based care transition coordination hubs staffed by nurses and pharmacist teams were created in 6 independent community hospitals. At the largest site, patient volume for targeted diseases challenged the ability of the PCRC pharmacist to provide expected elements of care to targeted patients...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366668/the-influence-of-learning-environment-on-trainee-pharmacy-technicians-education-and-training-experiences
#12
Ellen I Schafheutle, Samuel D Jee, Sarah C Willis
BACKGROUND: In Great Britain (GB), pharmacy technicians (PTs) are registered professionals, with their education and training regulated; little is known about this or the learning environment in which it takes place. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to profile recently registered pre-registration trainee pharmacy technicians (PTPTs) in GB and capture views on PTPTs' training experiences, focussing on differences in community and hospital settings. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in 2013-14, following university ethics approval...
December 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361507/dr-congeniality-understanding-the-importance-of-surgeons-nontechnical-skills-through-360%C3%A2-feedback
#13
Julie J Lanz, Paul J Gregory, Mariano E Menendez, Larry Harmon
OBJECTIVE: Physician performance is a complex construct that is broadly defined by technical and nontechnical components. The primary aim of this study was to identify which Big Five personality traits (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and emotional stability) in surgeons were related to patient satisfaction and teamwork performance in a surgical setting. A secondary aim of this study was to examine the specific perceptions of physician behavior related to patient satisfaction and teamwork performance...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346577/improved-success-rate-of-arterial-puncture-for-blood-gas-analysis-through-standardization
#14
Phillip R Jensen, Boaz A Markewitz
Background: Arterial puncture for blood gas analysis is a common procedure in hospitals. The aim of the study is to determine if standardizing technique elements of the arterial puncture process could improve the success rate of technicians through the full scope of an academic medical center. Methods: The study is conducted by the Blood Gas Laboratory at University of Utah Health's main campus. During the baseline period, technicians tallied whether arterial puncture attempts were successful or unsuccessful from December 2014 through February 2015...
January 13, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331571/interdepartmental-imaging-protocol-for-clinically-based-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-can-provide-accurate-measurement-of-glenoid-version
#15
Connor L Zale, Gregory I Pace, Gregory S Lewis, John Chan, H Mike Kim
BACKGROUND: Conventional computed tomography (CT) is not accurate for glenoid version measurement. This study sought to examine the feasibility of an interdepartmental protocol implemented between orthopedic surgery and radiology departments for acquisition of anatomic axial CT images and to validate the glenoid version measured through such a protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 30 conventional CT scans of 10 normal and 20 osteoarthritic glenoids were transferred to clinical 3-dimensional imaging software by a radiology technician trained for the study...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330982/assessment-of-safety-levels-in-operation-rooms-at-two-major-tertiary-care-public-hospitals-of-karachi-safe-surgery-saves-life
#16
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil, Jahanzeb Effendi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to determine the knowledge and attitude towards surgical safety among the health care professionals including surgeons, anaesthetist, hospital administrators, and operation room personnel and raise awareness towards the importance of safe surgery. METHODS: A pilot cross- sectional study of 543 healthcare providers working in the operating rooms and the surgical intensive care units was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals, within a study period of one month...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304039/establishing-ebola-virus-disease-evd-diagnostics-using-genexpert-technology-at-a-mobile-laboratory-in-liberia-impact-on-outbreak-response-case-management-and-laboratory-systems-strengthening
#17
Philomena Raftery, Orla Condell, Christine Wasunna, Jonathan Kpaka, Ruth Zwizwai, Mahmood Nuha, Mosoka Fallah, Maxwell Freeman, Victoria Harris, Mark Miller, April Baller, Moses Massaquoi, Victoria Katawera, John Saindon, Philip Bemah, Esther Hamblion, Evelyn Castle, Desmond Williams, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah
The 2014-16 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa highlighted the necessity for readily available, accurate and rapid diagnostics. The magnitude of the outbreak and the re-emergence of clusters of EVD cases following the declaration of interrupted transmission in Liberia, reinforced the need for sustained diagnostics to support surveillance and emergency preparedness. We describe implementation of the Xpert Ebola Assay, a rapid molecular diagnostic test run on the GeneXpert platform, at a mobile laboratory in Liberia and the subsequent impact on EVD outbreak response, case management and laboratory system strengthening...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290345/optimizing-the-role-of-pharmacy-technicians-in-patient-care-settings-nationally-recognized-standardized-training-for-technicians-in-pharmacist-delivered-cognitive-services
#18
Stephanie A Gernant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285411/simple-training-tricks-for-mastering-and-taming-bypass-procedures-in-neurosurgery
#19
Ahmad Hafez, Rahul Raj, Michael T Lawton, Mika Niemelä
Background: Neurosurgeons devoted to bypass neurosurgery or revascularization neurosurgery are becoming scarcer. From a practical point of view, "bypass neurosurgeons" are anastomosis makers, vessels technicians, and time-racing repairers of vessel walls. This requires understanding the key features and hidden tricks of bypass surgery. The goal of this paper is to provide simple and inexpensive tricks for taming the art of bypass neurosurgery. Most of these tricks and materials described can be borrowed, donated, or purchased inexpensively...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281362/types-of-lamp-for-homework-and-myopia-among-chinese-school-aged-children
#20
Chen-Wei Pan, Rong-Kun Wu, Hu Liu, Jun Li, Hua Zhong
PURPOSE: We aim to determine the association of the types of lamp for homework including incandescent lamp, fluorescent lamp, and light-emitting diode (LED) lamp with the prevalence of myopia in Chinese children. METHODS: 2346 grade 7 students from ten middle schools (93.5% response rate) aged 13 to 14 years in Mojiang, a small county located in Southwestern China, participated in the study. Refractive error was measured with cycloplegia using an autorefractor by optometrists or trained technicians...
December 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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