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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#1
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059697/digital-literacy-knowledge-and-needs-of-pharmacy-staff-a-systematic-review
#2
Katie MacLure, Derek Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To explore the digital literacy knowledge and needs of pharmacy staff including pharmacists, graduate (pre-registration) pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, dispensing assistants and medicine counter assistants. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following a pre-published protocol. Two reviewers systematically performed the reproducible search, followed by independent screening of titles/abstracts then full papers, before critical appraisal and data extraction...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052266/development-of-a-normative-database-for-multifocal-electroretinography-in-the-context-of-a-multicenter-clinical-trial
#3
Sílvia Simão, Miguel Ângelo Costa, Jennifer K Sun, José Cunha-Vaz, Rafael Simó
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present the largest normative database using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) in the context of a multicenter clinical trial. METHODS: This investigational study included 156 eyes from 78 Caucasian subjects aged 45-70 years without known ophthalmic disease or diabetes mellitus; the subjects were recruited from 11 clinical sites in the setting of the EUROCONDOR project. Standardized mfERG acquisition (103 hexagons per eye) was established based on the International Society of Clinical Electrophysiology in Vision...
January 5, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033181/the-evolution-of-pas-in-the-canadian-armed-forces
#4
Jonathan Mertens, Marc Descoteaux
This study documents the growing role of the physician assistant (PA) in the Canadian Armed Forces. PAs have served as the backbone of the Royal Canadian Medical Services' frontline medical operations since 1984, on land, aboard ships and submarines, and domestically in garrison. Candidates begin as medical technicians and receive advanced training to become PAs at midcareer. The current rank of PAs as warrant officers is evolving and a commissioned status is under consideration.
January 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007090/redness-response-phenotypes-of-allergic-conjunctivitis-in-an-allergen-challenge-chamber
#5
Robert L Jacobs, Daniel A Ramirez, Cynthia G Rather, Charles P Andrews, Daniel C Jupiter, Fernando Trujillo, David G Shulman
BACKGROUND: There are few direct data concerning symptom dynamics of allergic conjunctivitis (AC) in an allergen challenge chamber (ACC). OBJECTIVE: To determine the AC dynamics on subsequent exposures to ragweed pollen (RW) in individuals with allergic rhinitis in an ACC. To determine whether consecutive exposures in an ACC have any persistent detrimental ocular physical effects. METHODS: Participants underwent 3 exposures to RW in an ACC...
January 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999617/intraoperative-radiation-safety-in-orthopaedics-a-review-of-the-alara-as-low-as-reasonably-achievable-principle
#6
REVIEW
Daniel J Kaplan, Jay N Patel, Frank A Liporace, Richard S Yoon
The use of fluoroscopy has become commonplace in many orthopaedic surgery procedures. The benefits of fluoroscopy are not without risk of radiation to patient, surgeon, and operating room staff. There is a paucity of knowledge by the average orthopaedic resident in terms proper usage and safety. Personal protective equipment, proper positioning, effective communication with the radiology technician are just of few of the ways outlined in this article to decrease the amount of radiation exposure in the operating room...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979835/population-based-assessment-of-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-the-state-of-telangana-india-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-rapid-assessment-of-visual-impairment-ravi-methodology
#7
Srinivas Marmamula, Rohit C Khanna, Eswararao Kunkunu, Gullapalli N Rao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment (VI) among a rural population aged 40 years and older in the state of Telangana in India. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Districts of Adilabad and Mahbubnagar in south Indian state of Telangana, India. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 6150 people was selected using cluster random sampling methodology. A team comprising a trained vision technician and a field worker visited the households and conducted the eye examination...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977585/neurocognitive-performance-and-physical-function-do-not-change-with-physical-cognitive-mindfulness-training-in-female-laboratory-technicians-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Kenneth Jay, Mikkel Brandt, Mc Schraefel, Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Gisela Sjøgaard, Jonas Vinstrup, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and physical performance can be negatively affected by chronic pain. This study evaluates the effect of combined physical-, cognitive-, and mindfulness training (PCMT) on cognitive and physical performance. METHODS: From a large pharmaceutical company in Denmark we randomly allocated 112 female laboratory technicians with chronic upper limb pain to group-based PCMT at the worksite or a reference group for 10 weeks. Neurocognitive performance was measured by the computerized central nervous system vital signs neurocognitive assessment battery...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960619/we-also-canfly-the-2nd-mexfly-drosophila-research-conference
#9
Fanis Missirlis, Marcos Nahmad
The 2nd Mexican Drosophila Research Conference (MexFly) took place on June 30th and July 1st, 2016 in Mexico City, at the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (Cinvestav). Principal investigators, postdocs, students, and technicians from Drosophila labs across Mexico attended. The guest speaker was Chris Rushlow from New York University, who presented work on Zelda, a key transcriptional activator of the early zygotic genome. Here we provide a brief report of the meeting, which sketches the present landscape of Drosophila research in Mexico...
December 14, 2016: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960550/ensuring-the-collection-of-high-quality-dried-blood-spot-samples-across-multisite-clinical-studies
#10
Tina Panchal, Neil Spooner, Matthew Barfield
AIM: The quality of quantitative analytical measurements is dependent on the quality of the sample collected, and dried blood spots (DBS) are no exception. As the use of DBS has matured into late-stage clinical drug-development studies, it has become apparent that a simple and straightforward approach in a controlled single-site, first-time-into-human clinic, does not always translate into multicenter clinical studies. Using synthetic blood, a method of training and assessing clinical laboratory staff has been developed to ensure the quality of sampling...
January 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938469/the-birth-and-growth-of-the-national-ambulance-service-in-ghana
#11
Ahmed Zakariah, Barclay T Stewart, Edmund Boateng, Christiana Achena, Gavin Tansley, Charles Mock
: Introduction This study aimed to document the growth and challenges encountered in the decade since inception of the National Ambulance Service (NAS) in Ghana, West Africa. By doing so, potentially instructive examples for other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) planning a formal prehospital care system or attempting to identify ways to improve existing emergency services could be identified. METHODS: Data routinely collected by the Ghana NAS from 2004-2014 were described, including: patient demographics, reason for the call, response location, target destination, and ti1mes of service...
December 12, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923641/expanded-pharmacy-technician-roles-accepting-verbal-prescriptions-and-communicating-prescription-transfers
#12
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
As the role of the clinical pharmacist continues to develop and advance, it is critical to ensure pharmacists can operate in a practice environment and workflow that supports the full deployment of their clinical skills. When pharmacy technician roles are optimized, patient safety can be enhanced and pharmacists may dedicate more time to advanced clinical services. Currently, 17 states allow technicians to accept verbal prescriptions called in by a prescriber or prescriber's agent, or transfer a prescription order from one pharmacy to another...
November 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918220/an-interactive-distance-solution-for-stroke-rehabilitation-in-the-home-setting-a-feasibility-study
#13
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jörgen Borg, Disa Sommerfeld, Jeanette Plantin, Anneli Wall, Maria Ehn, Marie Sjölinder, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: In this study an interactive distance solution (called the DISKO tool) was developed to enable home-based motor training after stroke. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim was to explore the feasibility and safety of using the DISKO-tool, customized for interactive stroke rehabilitation in the home setting, in different rehabilitation phases after stroke. METHODS: Fifteen patients in three different stages in the continuum of rehabilitation after stroke participated in a home-based training program using the DISKO-tool...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909851/brief-report-knowledge-and-confidence-of-emergency-medical-service-personnel-involving-treatment-of-an-individual-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
David Wachob, Louis J Pesci
In order to best respond to an emergency situation, professionals need to have an understanding about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and techniques that will ensure proper care. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and confidence of EMS personnel on interacting and treating an individual with ASD. Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT), and Paramedics were surveyed on their knowledge of ASD; familiarity or experience with ASD, and level of comfort responding to emergencies involving an individual with ASD...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906464/methodological-considerations-for-optimizing-and-validating-behavioral-assays
#15
Stacey J Sukoff Rizzo, Jill L Silverman
Preclinical animal models are indispensable tools for translational research for which behavioral characterization and phenotyping are essential to testing hypotheses and for evaluating the potential of novel therapeutic agents to treat diseases. The methods employed for comprehensive behavioral phenotyping and pharmacological experiments are complex and should be conducted exclusively by trained technicians with demonstrated proficiency. The ultimate goal is to identify disease-relevant and translational behavioral endpoints that are robust, reliable, and reproducible, and that can be employed to evaluate potential of novel therapeutic agents to treat disease...
December 1, 2016: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885097/results-of-relid-study-2014-buenos-aires-argentina-retrospective-evaluation-of-lens-injuries-and-dose
#16
C Papp, M Romano-Miller, A Descalzo, S Michelin, A Molinari, A Rossini, C Plotkin, G Bodino, G Esperanza, M Di Giorgio, R Touzet
High levels of scatter radiation in catheterization laboratories may lead to posterior subcapsular opacities in the lens of the staff. The international Retrospective Evaluation of Lens Injuries and Dose (RELID) was performed in Argentina for the first time in 2010 in the context of the congress of the Latin American Society of Interventional Cardiology (SOLACI) and recently, in 2014, was carried out for the second time (SOLACI-CACI 2014). The 2014 study included 115 participants: interventional cardiologists, technicians and nurses...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#17
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878504/intra-and-inter-reader-reproducibility-of-blood-flow-measurements-on-the-ascending-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#18
Giovanni Di Leo, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of our study was to estimate the intra- and inter-reader reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a semi-automated segmentation method. The ethics committee approved this retrospective study. A total of 50 consecutive patients (35 males and 15 females; mean age±standard deviation 27±13 years) affected by congenital heart disease were reviewed. They underwent CMR for flow analysis of the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery (1...
November 22, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862287/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-job-satisfaction-in-eye-care-personnel
#19
Prakash Paudel, Sonja Cronjé, Patricia M O'Connor, Jyoti Khadka, Gullapalli N Rao, Brien A Holden
PURPOSE: The aim was to develop and validate an instrument to measure job satisfaction in eye-care personnel and assess the job satisfaction of one-year trained vision technicians in India. METHODS: A pilot instrument for assessing job satisfaction was developed, based on a literature review and input from a public health expert panel. Rasch analysis was used to assess psychometric properties and to undertake an iterative item reduction. The instrument was then administered to vision technicians in vision centres of Andhra Pradesh in India...
November 11, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858502/prehospital-providers-perceptions-on-providing-patient-and-family-centered-care
#20
Emily M Ayub, Esther M Sampayo, Manish I Shah, Cara B Doughty
BACKGROUND: A gap exists in understanding a provider's approach to delivering care that is mutually beneficial to patients, families, and other providers in the prehospital setting. The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers to providing patient and family centered care (PFCC) in the prehospital setting and to describe potential solutions for improving PFCC during critical pediatric events. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative, cross-sectional study of a purposive sample of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and paramedics from an urban, municipal, fire-based EMS system, who participated in the Pediatric Simulation Training for Emergency Prehospital Providers (PediSTEPPS) course...
November 18, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
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