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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918220/an-interactive-distance-solution-for-stroke-rehabilitation-in-the-home-setting-a-feasibility-study
#1
Susanne Palmcrantz, Jörgen Borg, Disa Sommerfeld, Jeanette Plantin, Anneli Wall, Maria Ehn, Marie Sjölinder, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: In this study an interactive distance solution (called the DISKO tool) was developed to enable home-based motor training after stroke. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim was to explore the feasibility and safety of using the DISKO-tool, customized for interactive stroke rehabilitation in the home setting, in different rehabilitation phases after stroke. METHODS: Fifteen patients in three different stages in the continuum of rehabilitation after stroke participated in a home-based training program using the DISKO-tool...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909851/brief-report-knowledge-and-confidence-of-emergency-medical-service-personnel-involving-treatment-of-an-individual-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
David Wachob, Louis J Pesci
In order to best respond to an emergency situation, professionals need to have an understanding about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and techniques that will ensure proper care. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and confidence of EMS personnel on interacting and treating an individual with ASD. Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT), and Paramedics were surveyed on their knowledge of ASD; familiarity or experience with ASD, and level of comfort responding to emergencies involving an individual with ASD...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906464/methodological-considerations-for-optimizing-and-validating-behavioral-assays
#3
Stacey J Sukoff Rizzo, Jill L Silverman
Preclinical animal models are indispensable tools for translational research for which behavioral characterization and phenotyping are essential to testing hypotheses and for evaluating the potential of novel therapeutic agents to treat diseases. The methods employed for comprehensive behavioral phenotyping and pharmacological experiments are complex and should be conducted exclusively by trained technicians with demonstrated proficiency. The ultimate goal is to identify disease-relevant and translational behavioral endpoints that are robust, reliable, and reproducible, and that can be employed to evaluate potential of novel therapeutic agents to treat disease...
December 1, 2016: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885097/results-of-relid-study-2014-buenos-aires-argentina-retrospective-evaluation-of-lens-injuries-and-dose
#4
C Papp, M Romano-Miller, A Descalzo, S Michelin, A Molinari, A Rossini, C Plotkin, G Bodino, G Esperanza, M Di Giorgio, R Touzet
High levels of scatter radiation in catheterization laboratories may lead to posterior subcapsular opacities in the lens of the staff. The international Retrospective Evaluation of Lens Injuries and Dose (RELID) was performed in Argentina for the first time in 2010 in the context of the congress of the Latin American Society of Interventional Cardiology (SOLACI) and recently, in 2014, was carried out for the second time (SOLACI-CACI 2014). The 2014 study included 115 participants: interventional cardiologists, technicians and nurses...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#5
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878504/intra-and-inter-reader-reproducibility-of-blood-flow-measurements-on-the-ascending-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#6
Giovanni Di Leo, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of our study was to estimate the intra- and inter-reader reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a semi-automated segmentation method. The ethics committee approved this retrospective study. A total of 50 consecutive patients (35 males and 15 females; mean age±standard deviation 27±13 years) affected by congenital heart disease were reviewed. They underwent CMR for flow analysis of the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery (1...
November 22, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862287/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-job-satisfaction-in-eye-care-personnel
#7
Prakash Paudel, Sonja Cronjé, Patricia M O'Connor, Jyoti Khadka, Gullapalli N Rao, Brien A Holden
PURPOSE: The aim was to develop and validate an instrument to measure job satisfaction in eye-care personnel and assess the job satisfaction of one-year trained vision technicians in India. METHODS: A pilot instrument for assessing job satisfaction was developed, based on a literature review and input from a public health expert panel. Rasch analysis was used to assess psychometric properties and to undertake an iterative item reduction. The instrument was then administered to vision technicians in vision centres of Andhra Pradesh in India...
November 11, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858502/prehospital-providers-perceptions-on-providing-patient-and-family-centered-care
#8
Emily M Ayub, Esther M Sampayo, Manish I Shah, Cara B Doughty
BACKGROUND: A gap exists in understanding a provider's approach to delivering care that is mutually beneficial to patients, families, and other providers in the prehospital setting. The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers to providing patient and family centered care (PFCC) in the prehospital setting and to describe potential solutions for improving PFCC during critical pediatric events. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative, cross-sectional study of a purposive sample of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and paramedics from an urban, municipal, fire-based EMS system, who participated in the Pediatric Simulation Training for Emergency Prehospital Providers (PediSTEPPS) course...
November 18, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849496/military-medics-insight-into-providing-women-s-health-care-in-deployed-settings
#9
Candy Wilson, Robert Corrigan, Sharon Reese, Angelica Almonte, Danielle Simpson, Amber Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To gain better understanding of the military medics' (Navy Independent Duty Corpsman, Air Force Independent Duty Medical Technician, and Army Health Care Specialist, experiences providing health care for women in the deployed or ship setting. METHODS: The researchers used an exploratory, descriptive design informed by ethnography. A total of 86 individuals participated in the focus group and individual interviews. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: Training Fidelity, Advocate Leader, and The Challenges of Providing Patient Care...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849477/transitioning-former-military-medics-to-civilian-health-care-jobs-a-novel-pilot-program-to-integrate-medics-into-ambulatory-care-teams-for-high-risk-patients
#10
Brook Watts, Renée H Lawrence, Kimberley Schaub, Erin Lea, Mary Hasenstaub, Judy Slivka, Todd I Smith, Susan Kirsh
Despite their medical training, record of military service, and the unmet needs within the health care sector, numerous challenges face veterans who seek to leverage their health care skills for employment after leaving the military. Creative solutions are necessary to successfully leverage these skills into jobs for returning medics that also meet the needs of health care systems. To achieve this goal, we created a novel ambulatory care health technician position on the basis of existing literature and modeled after a program which incorporates former military medics in emergency departments...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843574/a-review-of-american-pharmacy-education-training-technology-and-practice
#11
REVIEW
Scott J Knoer, Allison R Eck, Amber J Lucas
In the United States, pharmacists are responsible for the provision of safe, effective, efficient, and accountable medication related-care for hospital and health-system patients. Leveraging automated technologies, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacist extenders are the means through which efficient, effective, and safe medication use processes are created and maintained. These strategies limit the amount of pharmacist resources needed for nonjudgmental tasks such as medication distribution, allowing more capacity for advanced direct patient care roles...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843164/implementation-research-a-mentoring-programme-to-improve-laboratory-quality-in-cambodia
#12
Lucy A Perrone, Vireak Voeurng, Sophat Sek, Sophanna Song, Nora Vong, Chansamrach Tous, Jean-Frederic Flandin, Deborah Confer, Alexandre Costa, Robert Martin
OBJECTIVE: To implement a mentored laboratory quality stepwise implementation (LQSI) programme to strengthen the quality and capacity of Cambodian hospital laboratories. METHODS: We recruited four laboratory technicians to be mentors and trained them in mentoring skills, laboratory quality management practices and international standard organization (ISO) 15189 requirements for medical laboratories. Separately, we trained staff from 12 referral hospital laboratories in laboratory quality management systems followed by tri-weekly in-person mentoring on quality management systems implementation using the LQSI tool, which is aligned with the ISO 15189 standard...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837341/crystal-identification-of-synovial-fluid-aspiration-by-polarized-light-microscopy-an-online-test-suggesting-that-our-traditional-rheumatologic-competence-needs-renewed-attention-and-training
#13
D Berendsen, T Neogi, W J Taylor, N Dalbeth, T L Jansen
Testing a reading exercise for identification of several typical crystal such as the negatively birefringent needle-shaped crystals that are under polarized light microscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing gout. The objective of this study was to assess current performance of crystal identification by professionals involved in examining synovial fluid in routine care. Rheumatologists, trainees, lab technicians, and other physicians with an interest in crystal arthritis completed an online test. The test consisted of 30 images: 8 monosodium urate (MSU) crystals, 5 calcium pyrophosphate (CPP), 4 cholesterol, 2 depot methylprednisolone, 2 calcium oxalate, 2 rice bodies, 1 hydroxyapatite, 1 liquid lipid, 1 fibrin, 1 Charcot-Leyden, and 5 different artifacts...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833671/characterization-of-chemical-suicides-in-the-united-states-and-its-adverse-impact-on-responders-and-bystanders
#14
Ayana R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: A suicide trend that involves mixing household chemicals to produce hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen cyanide, commonly referred to as a detergent, hydrogen sulfide, or chemical suicide is a continuing problem in the United States (U.S.). Because there is not one database responsible for tracking chemical suicides, the actual number of incidents in the U.S. is unknown. To prevent morbidity and mortality associated with chemical suicides, it is important to characterize the incidents that have occurred in the U...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829809/bridging-theory-and-practice-mixed-methods-approach-to-instruction-of-law-and-ethics-within-the-pharmaceutical-sciences
#15
Kyle John Wilby, Ziad Ghantous Nasr
Background: Professional responsibilities are guided by laws and ethics that must be introduced and mastered within pharmaceutical sciences training. Instructional design to teaching typically introduces concepts in a traditional didactic approach and requires student memorization prior to application within practice settings. Additionally, many centers rely on best practices from abroad, due to lack of locally published laws and guidance documents. Objectives: The aim of this paper was to summarize and critically evaluate a professional skills laboratory designed to enhance learning through diversity in instructional methods relating to pharmacy law and best practices regarding narcotics, controlled medications, and benzodiazepines...
November 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825345/reconfiguring-health-workforce-a-case-based-comparative-study-explaining-the-increasingly-diverse-professional-roles-in-europe
#16
Antoinette de Bont, Job van Exel, Silvia Coretti, Zeynep Güldem Ökem, Maarten Janssen, Kristin Lofthus Hope, Tomasz Ludwicki, Britta Zander, Marie Zvonickova, Christine Bond, Iris Wallenburg
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the healthcare workforce has diversified in several directions with formalised roles for health care assistants, specialised roles for nurses and technicians, advanced roles for physician associates and nurse practitioners and new professions for new services, such as case managers. Hence the composition of health care teams has become increasingly diverse. The exact extent of this diversity is unknown across the different countries of Europe, as are the drivers of this change...
November 8, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820763/herbicide-exposure-vietnam-service-and-hypertension-risk-in-army-chemical-corps-veterans
#17
Yasmin S Cypel, Amii M Kress, Stephanie M Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman, Victoria J Davey
OBJECTIVE: We examined hypertension risk in Army Chemical Corps (ACC) veterans who sprayed defoliant in Vietnam. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 health survey of 3086 ACC veterans and investigated the association between self-reported physician-diagnosed-hypertension (SRH) and herbicide-spray-history adjusting for Vietnam-service-status, rank, age, tobacco/alcohol use, race, and body mass index (BMI). Spray-history was verified against serum 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (n = 636)...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806789/-feasibility-of-using-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalogram-to-identify-epileptic-seizures-by-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-medical-staff-independently
#18
Q Guan, S Li, X Li, H P Yang, Y Wang, X Y Liu
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of using amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) to identify epileptic seizures by physicians and nurses in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) independently. Method: Six testees (two PICU physicians versus one EEG physician and two PICU nurses versus one EEG technician) accepted a short-term training, then interpreted aEEG in a single blinded way. These aEEG recordings with synchronous VEEG monitoring were done from January 2013 to May 2015 in PICU. The testees should recognize and mark both the seizure type and the seizure duration from the two-channel recorder (C3/C4) of aEEG (short-term seizure or status epilepticus (SE))...
November 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796119/a-training-intervention-on-child-feeding-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-ibadan-municipality
#19
Folake O Samuel, Funmilola M Olaolorun, Joshua D Adeniyi
INTRODUCTION: Health workers at the primary level are well positioned to provide health information and counselling on child feeding to mothers on antenatal visits. The study was designed to evaluate the effect of training on the knowledge, attitudes and provision of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) information and counselling among primary healthcare (PHC) workers. METHODS: A two-stage cluster sample was used to select health workers for training on IYCF in Ibadan, Nigeria...
September 20, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793162/a-cost-effective-handheld-breast-scanner-for-use-in-low-resource-environments-a-validation-study
#20
Robyn B Broach, Rula Geha, Brian S Englander, Lucy DeLaCruz, Holly Thrash, Ari D Brooks
BACKGROUND: With the incidence of breast cancer rising worldwide, we are evaluating the iBreastExam (iBE) (UE LifeSciences Inc.), a handheld breast scanning device that can be utilized by community health workers to screen for breast abnormalities. The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of the iBE in a population undergoing diagnostic breast imaging. METHODS: Adult patients presenting to a breast imaging center for a diagnostic workup were eligible...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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