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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227288/physician-and-nurse-perceptions-of-gentle-cesarean-birth
#1
Rebecca J Mercier, Julia C Durante
BACKGROUND: Protocols for neonatal care and mother-baby interaction at cesarean birth frequently differ from those at vaginal birth. There is increasing interest in adopting family-friendly or gentle protocols for women having cesarean birth. Current evidence suggests challenges in achieving interdepartmental cooperation and consensus are potential barriers to implementing gentle cesarean protocols. PURPOSE: To describe how care providers' professional role and characteristics may affect perception about gentle cesarean birth techniques and inform specific concerns about protocol changes...
December 8, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221929/use-of-pharmacy-technicians-in-elements-of-medication-therapy-management-delivery-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie A Gernant, My-Oanh Nguyen, Sanna Siddiqui, Matthew Schneller
BACKGROUND: Documented barriers to Medication Therapy Management (MTM) delivery, such as limited time and inefficient workflow may be overcome by utilizing support staff for administrative services. However, it is unknown how pharmacy technicians have been historically utilized to assist pharmacists in MTM-delivery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize literature describing pharmacy technicians' participation in actions commonly undertaken in the provision of MTM services...
November 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218694/training-vascular-access-surgeons-technicians-or-specialists
#3
Nicholas Inston, Tej M Singh
Internationally, vascular access (VA) surgery is delivered in a varied and diverse fashion and subsequently, training in vascular access is poorly defined. Experience of VA during surgical training has implications on future practice. The scope of VA procedures is increasing, yet the focus in vascular training remains largely in the technical aspects of surgery rather than the more comprehensive aspects of surgery applied to dialysis and renal care. To achieve special skills in vascular access surgery may require a change to traditional training with an additional focus on developing an extended portfolio of knowledge and skills...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#4
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210132/community-pharmacists-in-england-s-opinions-on-skill-mix-and-delegation
#5
Emma Barnes, Alison Bullock, Margaret Allan, Karen Hodson
OBJECTIVES: Following the 2005 contractual framework amendment, the expanding role of community pharmacy team members required a shift in entrenched views on roles and duties. This study aimed to report on community pharmacists' opinions on skill mix and explore how they can be addressed so that skill mix may be optimised. METHODS: An invitation to complete an online questionnaire was distributed via email, marked for the attention of the lead pharmacist. Following a low response, a paper-based questionnaire was sent to all community pharmacies in England (n = 11,816)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203784/construction-of-a-system-using-a-deep-learning-algorithm-to-count-cell-numbers-in-nanoliter-wells-for-viable-single-cell-experiments
#6
Takashi Kamatani, Koichi Fukunaga, Kaede Miyata, Yoshitaka Shirasaki, Junji Tanaka, Rie Baba, Masako Matsusaka, Naoyuki Kamatani, Kazuyo Moro, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Sotaro Uemura
For single-cell experiments, it is important to accurately count the number of viable cells in a nanoliter well. We used a deep learning-based convolutional neural network (CNN) on a large amount of digital data obtained as microscopic images. The training set consisted of 103 019 samples, each representing a microscopic grayscale image. After extensive training, the CNN was able to classify the samples into four categories, i.e., 0, 1, 2, and more than 2 cells per well, with an accuracy of 98.3% when compared to determination by two trained technicians...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203407/optimising-workflow-processes-in-an-advanced-medication-dispensary
#7
Amanda Y Leong, Mary Pederson
The workload measurement of an inpatient hospital dispensary is critical to improve efficiency in the face of limited budgets. This single-centre pilot study used work sampling to observe and identify areas to improve efficiency of dispensing prescribed medications at one tertiary level acute care teaching hospital. Workload sampling was conducted at a 1096-bed hospital in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The dispensary services the entire hospital, 24 h per day, seven days per week. Pharmacists are solely involved in clinical screening...
November 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200524/health-care-workers-occupational-exposures-to-body-fluids-in-21-countries-in-africa-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Asa Auta, Emmanuel O Adewuyi, Amom Tor-Anyiin, David Aziz, Esther Ogbole, Brian O Ogbonna, Davies Adeloye
Objective: To estimate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of occupational exposure to body fluids among health-care workers in Africa. Methods: Embase®, PubMed® and CINAHL databases were systematically searched for studies published between January 2000 and August 2017 that reported the prevalence of occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids among health-care workers in Africa. The continent-wide prevalence of exposure was estimated using random-effects meta-analysis...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199885/emergency-medical-services-provider-experiences-of-hospice-care
#9
Cassandra Barnette Donnelly, Karen Andrea Armstrong, Molly M Perkins, Danielle Moulia, Tammie E Quest, Arthur H Yancey
BACKGROUND: Growing numbers of emergency medical services (EMS) providers respond to patients who receive hospice care. The objective of this investigation was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of EMS providers in the care of patients enrolled in hospice care. METHODS: We conducted a survey study of EMS providers regarding hospice care. We collected quantitative and qualitative data on EMS provider's knowledge, attitudes, and experiences in responding to the care needs of patients in hospice care...
December 4, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198648/advancing-the-role-of-the-pharmacy-technician-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ashlee N Mattingly, T Joseph Mattingly
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the findings of a literature search on advancing the role of pharmacy technicians, including the types of training identified and the potential costs and benefits to both the technician and the pharmacy. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of Scopus, Embase, and Medline was conducted on January 11, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Original research, research reports, case studies, or association reports were included for review...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190713/operational-evaluation-of-rapid-diagnostic-testing-for-ebola-virus-disease-in-guinean-laboratories
#11
Amanda VanSteelandt, Josephine Aho, Kristyn Franklin, Jacques Likofata, Jean Baptiste Kamgang, Sakoba Keita, Lamine Koivogui, N'Faly Magassouba, Lise D Martel, Anicet George Dahourou
BACKGROUND: Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) at the point of care have the potential to increase access and acceptability of EVD testing and the speed of patient isolation and secure burials for suspect cases. A pilot program for EVD RDTs in high risk areas of Guinea was introduced in October 2015. This paper presents concordance data between EVD RDTs and PCR testing in the field as well as an assessment of the acceptability, feasibility, and quality assurance of the RDT program...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188915/-occupational-aspects-of-emergency-medicine-practice-in-catalonia-the-opencat-opinion-survey
#12
Javier Jacob, Emili Gené, Gilberto Alonso, Pere Rimbau, José Zorrilla, Francesc Casarramona, Cristina Netto, Pere Sánchez, Ricard Hernández, Xavier Escalada, Òscar Miró
OBJECTIVES: To gather information on the contracting and training of members of the Catalan Society of Emergency Medicine (SoCMUE) who work in emergency medicine and services in Catalonia. To survey their opinions on certain aspects of resource availability and working conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study based on a survey sent to SoCMUE members. We studied the opinions of 5 types of respondent: hospital physicians, out-of-hospital physicians, hospital nurses, out-of-hospital nurses, and emergency medical technicians...
2017: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187103/development-and-evaluation-of-a-continuing-education-program-for-nursing-technicians-at-a-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-in-a-developing-country
#13
Bruna Cury Borim, Ulisses A Croti, Patricia C Silveira, Carlos H De Marchi, Airton C Moscardini, Patricia Hickey, Kathy Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The nursing profession faces continuous transformations demonstrating the importance of professional continuing education to extend knowledge following technological development without impairing quality of care. Nursing assistants and technicians account for nearly 80% of nursing professionals in Brazil and are responsible for uninterrupted patient care. Extensive knowledge improvement is needed to achieve excellence in nursing care. The objective was to develop and evaluate a continuing education program for nursing technicians at a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU) using a virtual learning environment entitled EDUCATE...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176904/mobile-microscopy-as-a-screening-tool-for-oral-cancer-in-india-a-pilot-study
#14
Arunan Skandarajah, Sumsum P Sunny, Praveen Gurpur, Clay D Reber, Michael V D'Ambrosio, Nisheena Raghavan, Bonney Lee James, Ravindra D Ramanjinappa, Amritha Suresh, Uma Kandasarma, Praveen Birur, Vinay V Kumar, Honorius-Cezar Galmeanu, Alexandru Mihail Itu, Mihai Modiga-Arsu, Saskia Rausch, Maria Sramek, Manohar Kollegal, Gianluca Paladini, Moni Kuriakose, Lance Ladic, Felix Koch, Daniel Fletcher
Oral cancer is the most common type of cancer among men in India and other countries in South Asia. Late diagnosis contributes significantly to this mortality, highlighting the need for effective and specific point-of-care diagnostic tools. The same regions with high prevalence of oral cancer have seen extensive growth in mobile phone infrastructure, which enables widespread access to telemedicine services. In this work, we describe the evaluation of an automated tablet-based mobile microscope as an adjunct for telemedicine-based oral cancer screening in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176836/competence-in-metered-dose-inhaler-technique-among-community-pharmacy-professionals-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia-knowledge-and-skill-gap-analysis
#15
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Fasil Tilahun, Tirsit Ketsela, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Amanual Getnet Mersha, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: When compared to systemic administration, if used correctly inhalers deliver a smaller enough percent of the drug right to the site of action in the lungs, with a faster onset of effect and with reduced systemic availability that minimizes adverse effects. However, the health professionals' and patients' use of metered dose inhaler is poor. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to explore community pharmacy professionals' (pharmacists' and druggists') competency on metered dose inhaler (MDI) technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173349/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-food-insecurity-in-the-united-states
#16
David H Holben, Michelle Berger Marshall
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that systematic and sustained action is needed to achieve food and nutrition security in the United States. To achieve food security, effective interventions are needed, along with adequate funding for, and increased utilization of, food and nutrition assistance programs; inclusion of nutrition education in such programs; strategies to support individual and household economic stability; and research to measure impact on food insecurity- and health-related outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171252/multichannel-dynamic-interfacial-printing-an-alternative-multicomponent-droplet-generation-technique-for-lab-in-a-drop
#17
Shenglong Liao, Xinglei Tao, Yingjiao Ju, Jie Feng, Wenbin Du, Yapei Wang
Generation of uniform emulsion droplets mixed with multiple components is one of the key issues in the field of lab in a drop. Traditionally, droplet microfluidic chips are often served as the prime choice while designing and fabricating microfluidic chips always rely on skilled technician and specialized equipment, severely restricting its wide accessibility. In this work, an alternative technique, called multichannel dynamic interfacial printing (MC-DIP), was proposed for multicomponent droplet generation...
December 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169856/comparing-the-accuracy-of-medication-order-verification-between-pharmacists-and-a-tech-check-tech-model-a-prospective-randomised-observational-study
#18
Lorah Hickman, Susan G Poole, Ria E Hopkins, Diane Walters, Michael J Dooley
BACKGROUND: Medication errors have the potential to cause significant harm and the final verification of dispensed medications is essential to patient safety. There is international evidence to demonstrate that trained pharmacy technicians can safely and accurately undertake the verification of medication orders in ward-based unit dose containers. There is a need for evaluation of pharmacy technician verification of medication orders in broader contexts including the hospital inpatient dispensary...
November 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166441/transfer-of-knowledge-in-international-cooperation-the-farmanguinhos-smm-case
#19
Samuel Araujo Gomes da Silva, Roberto Gonzalez Duarte, José Márcio de Castro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of four mechanisms of knowledge transfer (training, technical visits, expatriation, and standard operating procedures) on the different dimensions (potential and realized) of absorptive capacity in international technical cooperation. METHODS: We examine the case of implementation of the Sociedade Moçambicana de Medicamentos. Data have been collected using semi-structured interviews (applied to 21 professionals of the Sociedade Moçambicana de Medicamentos, Farmanguinhos, FIOCRUZ, and Itamaraty) and official documents...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149314/how-the-introduction-of-a-human-resources-information-system-helped-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-to-mobilise-domestic-resources-for-an-improved-health-workforce
#20
Jean-Robert Likofata Esanga, Claire Viadro, Leah McManus, Jennifer Wesson, Nicaise Matoko, Epiphane Ngumbu, Kate E Gilroy, Daren Trudeau
The Democratic Republic of Congo has flagged health workforce management and compensation as issues requiring attention, including the problem of ghost workers (individuals on payroll who do not exist and/or show up at work). Recognising the need for reliable health workforce information, the government has worked to implement iHRIS, an open source human resources information system that facilitates health workforce management. In Kasaï Central and Kasaï Provinces, health workers brought relevant documentation to data collection points, where trained teams interviewed them and entered contact information, identification, photo, current job, and employment and education history into iHRIS on laptops...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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