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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#1
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720227/co-creative-development-of-an-ehealth-nursing-intervention-self-management-support-for-outpatients-with-cancer-pain
#2
Laura M J Hochstenbach, Annemie M Courtens, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Joan Vermeulen, Maarten van Kleef, Luc P de Witte
INTRODUCTION: Co-creative methods, having an iterative character and including different perspectives, allow for the development of complex nursing interventions. Information about the development process is essential in providing justification for the ultimate intervention and crucial in interpreting the outcomes of subsequent evaluations. This paper describes a co-creative method directed towards the development of an eHealth intervention delivered by registered nurses to support self-management in outpatients with cancer pain...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680866/the-effect-of-start-triage-education-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-emergency-medical-technicians-in-disasters
#3
Mahboub Pouraghaei, Jaafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Payman Moharamzadeh, Rozbeh Rajaei Ghafori, Farzad Rahmani, Baharak Najafi Mirfakhraei
Introduction: Pre-hospital triage is one of the most fundamental concepts in emergency management. Limited human resource changes triage to an inevitable solution in the management of disasters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of education of simple triage and rapid treatment (START) in the knowledge and practice of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) employees of Eastern Azerbaijan. Methods: This is a pre-and post-intervention study conducted on two hundred and five (205) of employees of EMS sector, in the disaster and emergency management center of Eastern Azerbaijan Province, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657809/medical-oversight-educational-core-content-and-proposed-scopes-of-practice-of-wilderness-ems-providers-a-joint-project-developed-by-wilderness-ems-educators-medical-directors-and-regulators-using-a-delphi-approach
#4
Michael G Millin, David E Johnson, Tod Schimelpfenig, Keith Conover, Matthew Sholl, Jonnathan Busko, Rachael Alter, Will Smith, Jennifer Symonds, Peter Taillac, Seth C Hawkins
INTRODUCTION: A disparity exists between the skills needed to manage patients in wilderness EMS environments and the scopes of practice that are traditionally approved by state EMS regulators. In response, the National Association of EMS Physicians Wilderness EMS Committee led a project to define the educational core content supporting scopes of practice of wilderness EMS providers and the conditions when wilderness EMS providers should be required to have medical oversight. METHODS: Using a Delphi process, a group of experts in wilderness EMS, representing educators, medical directors, and regulators, developed model educational core content...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#5
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633405/addressing-the-key-communication-barriers-between-microbiology-laboratories-and-clinical-units-a-qualitative-study
#6
Brita Skodvin, Karina Aase, Anita Løvås Brekken, Esmita Charani, Paul Christoffer Lindemann, Ingrid Smith
Background: Many countries are on the brink of establishing antibiotic stewardship programmes in hospitals nationwide. In a previous study we found that communication between microbiology laboratories and clinical units is a barrier to implementing efficient antibiotic stewardship programmes in Norway. We have now addressed the key communication barriers between microbiology laboratories and clinical units from a laboratory point of view. Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 employees (managers, doctors and technicians) from six diverse Norwegian microbiological laboratories, representing all four regional health authorities...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622155/triad-ix-can-a-patient-testimonial-safely-help-ensure-prehospital-appropriate-critical-versus-end-of-life-care
#7
Ferdinando Mirarchi, Christopher Cammarata, Timothy E Cooney, Kristin Juhasz, Stanley A Terman
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to assess the clarity of Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) or Living Will (LW) documents alone or in combination with a video message/testimonial (VM). METHODS: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel responded to survey questions about the meaning of stand-alone POLST and LW documents and those used in conjunction with emergent care scenarios. Personnel were randomized to receive documents only or documents with VM...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619417/point-of-care-testing-for-anemia-diabetes-and-hypertension-a-pharmacy-based-model-in-lima-peru
#8
Enrique M Saldarriaga, Elisabeth Vodicka, Sayda La Rosa, Maria Valderrama, Patricia J Garcia
BACKGROUND: Prevention and control of chronic diseases is a high priority for many low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of training pharmacy workers to provide point-of-care testing for 3 chronic diseases-hypertension, diabetes, and anemia-to improve disease detection and awareness through private pharmacies. METHODS: We developed a multiphase training curriculum for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to build capacity for identification of risk factors, patient education, point-of-care testing, and referral for abnormal results...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591343/burnout-syndrome-in-health-care-professionals-in-a-university-hospital
#9
Lucila Corsino de Paiva, Ana Carla Gomes Canário, Eneluzia Lavynnya Corsino de Paiva China, Ana Katherine Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate professional achievement and factors associated with occupational burnout among health professionals. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 436 healthcare providers, consisting of 101 nurses, 81 doctors and 254 nursing technicians, all meeting pre-established inclusion criteria. Occupational burnout was detected using the Maslach occupational burnout inventory tool. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires comprising questions concerning socio-demographics, education and training, and the Maslach occupational burnout inventory was used to identify levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and professional achievement...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572111/patients-hand-washing-and-reducing-hospital-acquired-infection
#10
Stacy Haverstick, Cara Goodrich, Regi Freeman, Shandra James, Rajkiran Kullar, Melissa Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important to prevent hospital-acquired infections. Patients' hand hygiene is just as important as hospital workers' hand hygiene. Hospital-acquired infection rates remain a concern across health centers. OBJECTIVES: To improve patients' hand hygiene through the promotion and use of hand washing with soap and water, hand sanitizer, or both and improve patients' education to reduce hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: In August 2013, patients in a cardiothoracic postsurgical step-down unit were provided with individual bottles of hand sanitizer...
June 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547840/performance-of-norwegian-civilian-emts-and-army-medics-in-penetrating-trauma-a-controlled-simulation-based-assessment
#11
S W Blix, J Melau, I Lund-Kordahl
BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma kills rapidly. Thorough and efficient examination and aggressive hemorrhage control is important to save lives. The aim of this study was to assess the skills of civilian Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) in bleeding examination and control compared to Army Medics. Our hypothesis was that civilian pre-hospital systems perform at a lower level compared to an expert group, and did not have sufficient focus on education and training in examination and treatment of penetrating injuries...
May 25, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522640/results-of-the-2015-national-certified-pharmacy-technician-workforce-survey
#12
Shane P Desselle, Erin R Holmes
PURPOSE: The results of the 2015 National Certified Pharmacy Technician Workforce Survey are described. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to a randomized sample of 5,000 certified pharmacy technicians (CPhTs) throughout the United States, with response reminders employed. Survey items eliciting demographic and work characteristics and work life attitudes were generated from the literature and qualitative interviews. This study aimed to describe job satisfaction, sources of stress, profession and employer commitment, education and training, and reasons for entry into the profession among CPhTs and determine relationships between those variables and CPhTs' level of involvement in various work activities, with particular attention paid to differences in practice setting...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#13
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491303/self-evaluation-of-tobacco-exposure-by-allied-health-students-in-a-community-college-setting
#14
Fiona Geiser, Meredith Much, Karen Beyer
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco education is among the initiatives encouraged for health professionals to help them appreciate the significance of addressing tobacco use among their patients. In this pilot study, a nicotine biomarker (cotinine) study was introduced to an applied microbiology course required of all allied health students. Participants assessed their own smoking status in the previous 24 h using a two-dimensional experimental design of a questionnaire and rapid urinary cotinine immunoassay...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457576/effect-of-concentrated-psychiatric-education-on-perceived-competence-to-care-for-behavioral-health-patients
#15
Elizabeth J Winokur, Jeannine Loucks, Dana N Rutledge
Increasing numbers of behavioral patients are presenting to emergency departments, where competency of staff to care for this group is unknown. METHODS: This pre-post study measured the effects of a 7-hour conference on perceived competency of nurses and allied health professionals to care for behavioral health (BH) patients, as measured by the 23-item Behavioral Health Care Competency (BHCC) survey. RESULTS: Of 102 participants, most were emergency nurses (72%), acute care nurses and case managers (20%), and allied health personnel (trauma technicians and paramedics) (8%)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435902/emergency-medical-service-personnel-need-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-prehospital-sepsis-care
#16
Joongmin Park, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Ik Joon Jo, Hee Yoon, Tae Rim Lee, Won Chul Cha, Min Seob Sim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel pertaining to sepsis. We also compared EMS personnel's knowledge of sepsis and their intention to engage in prehospital sepsis management. METHODS: The survey was conducted during education conferences for EMS personnel in December 2013 and January 2015 in Seoul, Korea. The questionnaire composed of 10 questions relevant to sepsis, was distributed on-scene, and was retrieved by investigators after the conference...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411038/long-term-impact-of-implementation-of-a-stroke-protocol-on-door-to-needle-time-in-the-administration-of-intravenous-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#17
Machteld E Hillen, Wenzhuan He, Zaid Al-Qudah, Weizhen Wang, Andrea Hidalgo, Jessy Walia
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing a stroke protocol (SP) in improving door-to-needle time (DTNT) and door-to-computed tomography (DTCT) time from 2010 to 2014. Published data from the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke (GWTGS) participating hospitals showed that median DTNT = 75 minutes with 26.6% of the patients achieving the recommended DTNT of 60 minutes or less. Implementation of an SP, which specifies the role of nurses, physicians, and technicians during acute stroke evaluation, can improve DTNT...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383745/challenges-in-neonatal-nursing-clinical-teaching-to-nurse-midwife-technicians-in-malawi
#18
Ellemes Everret Phuma-Ngaiyaye, Oluyinka Adejumo, Anita Fafa Dartey
BACKGROUND: Practice-based learning is important in clinical teaching of nursing and midwifery as students develop the necessary competencies and confidence aligned by the outcomes of their learning programs. However, in Malawi, research shows that clinical teaching in neonatal nursing has not been given adequate consideration. This article reports on challenges faced by educators and students in clinical teaching and learning in neonatal nursing for nurse-midwife technicians. METHOD: An explorative qualitative study was conducted...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381724/current-status-of-regulatory-science-education-in-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-science-in-japan
#19
REVIEW
Masahiro Tohkin
 I introduce the current pharmaceutical education system in Japan, focusing on regulatory science. University schools or faculties of pharmaceutical science in Japan offer two courses: a six-year course for pharmacists and a four-year course for scientists and technicians. Students in the six-year pharmaceutical course receive training in hospitals and pharmacies during their fifth year, and those in the four-year life science course start research activities during their third year. The current model core curriculum for pharmaceutical education requires them to "explain the necessity and significance of regulatory science" as a specific behavior object...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372570/malaria-over-diagnosis-in-cameroon-diagnostic-accuracy-of-fluorescence-and-staining-technologies-fast-malaria-stain-and-led-microscopy-versus-giemsa-and-bright-field-microscopy-validated-by-polymerase-chain-reaction
#20
Sean M Parsel, Steven A Gustafson, Edward Friedlander, Alexander A Shnyra, Aderosoye J Adegbulu, Ying Liu, Nicole M Parrish, Syed A Jamal, Eve Lofthus, Leo Ayuk, Charles Awasom, Carolyn J Henry, Carole P McArthur
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major world health issue and its continued burden is due, in part, to difficulties in the diagnosis of the illness. The World Health Organization recommends confirmatory testing using microscopy-based techniques or rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for all cases of suspected malaria. In regions where Plasmodium species are indigenous, there are multiple etiologies of fever leading to misdiagnoses, especially in populations where HIV is prevalent and children. To determine the frequency of malaria infection in febrile patients over an 8-month period at the Regional Hospital in Bamenda, Cameroon, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of the Flourescence and Staining Technology (FAST) Malaria stain and ParaLens Advance(TM) microscopy system (FM) and compared it with conventional bright field microscopy and Giemsa stain (GS)...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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