keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antioxidant intake

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230816/how-grinding-levels-and-brewing-methods-espresso-american-turkish-could-affect-the-antioxidant-activity-and-bioactive-compounds-in-a-coffee-cup
#1
Antonio Derossi, Ilde Ricci, Rossella Caporizzi, Anna Fiore, Carla Severini
BACKGROUND: Depending on geographical origins and cultural traditions, different brewing procedures are used all over the world to prepare a coffee cup. In this work, we explored as three grinding levels of coffee powder and three coffee preparation methods such as by filtration (American), by boiling (Turkish) and by extraction under pressure (Espresso) affect healthy compounds and physicochemical attributes in coffee cup served to consumers. RESULTS: the grinding level slightly affects the quality of coffees, while the preparation methods significantly influenced all in-cup attributes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228951/hypovitaminosis-c-and-vitamin-c-deficiency-in-critically-ill-patients-despite-recommended-enteral-and-parenteral-intakes
#2
Anitra C Carr, Patrice C Rosengrave, Simone Bayer, Steve Chambers, Jan Mehrtens, Geoff M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble nutrient which cannot be synthesised or stored by humans. It is a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and immune-supportive roles. Previous research has indicated that vitamin C levels are depleted in critically ill patients. In this study we have assessed plasma vitamin C concentrations in critically ill patients relative to infection status (septic shock or non-septic) and level of inflammation (C-reactive protein concentrations)...
December 11, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228526/study-of-serum-malondialdehyde-level-in-opioid-and-methamphetamine-dependent-patients
#3
Khadije Najafi, Sajad Ahmadi, Mahdi Rahpeyma, Habibolah Khazaie, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Ali Moini, Amir Kiani
Opioid compound and methamphetamine are commonly used in drug abuse; these can disrupt the normal function of cellular and molecular systems, leading to several events such as oxidative stress, aging, apoptosis, and necrosis. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is the most important biomarker for evaluation of oxidative stress and determination of lipid peroxidation. In this study, 42 drug abusers and 22 healthy persons participated as case and control groups, respectively. MDA in volunteer sera was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection after pre-column derivatization using thiobarbituric acid...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227528/the-impact-of-long-term-intake-of-phenolic-compounds-rich-grape-pomace-on-rat-gut-microbiota
#4
Stéphanie Chacar, Tarek Itani, Joelle Hajal, Youakim Saliba, Nicolas Louka, Jean-François Faivre, Richard Maroun, Nassim Fares
The aim of this work is to evaluate the impact on the rat microbiota of long-term feeding with phenolic compounds (PC) rich grape pomace extracts. Thirty, 2-mo-old rats, were divided into 5 groups. Four groups were treated with different concentrations of PC (2.5, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg/d diluted in 0.1% DMSO), and 1 group received 0.1% Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) alone (control group). The daily treatment lasted 14 mo. Major phenolic compounds constituents were characterized by the high-performance liquid chromatography and free radical scavenging capacity was measured by means of the DPPH assay...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220052/hypoglycemic-and-hypolipidemic-effects-of-anthocyanins-extract-from-black-soybean-seed-coat-in-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#6
Zhongqin Chen, Cong Wang, Yuxiang Pan, Xudong Gao, Haixia Chen
Black soybean seed coat extract (BSSCE) is a rich source of anthocyanins with multiple health effects. This study was aimed at investigating the composition and hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of BSSCE in vitro and in a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. The anthocyanins of BSSCE were identified as cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, delphinidin-3-O-glucoside, and peonidin-3-O-glucoside by HPLC-MS. Results demonstrated that BSSCE exhibited strong inhibitory activities for α-amylase, potent inhibition activity against lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells and protection effect on H2O2-induced oxidative stress-damaged HepG2 cells...
December 8, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219784/the-association-between-cartenoid-status-and-body-composition-in-children-2-18-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#7
Jessica L Gust, John V Logomarsino
The aim of this review was to determine the association between carotenoid status and body composition in children 2 - 18 years of age. Obesity is often related to poor dietary habits and lower fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Fruit and vegetables are the primary sources of antioxidant-rich dietary carotenoids; decreased intake may lead to increased risk of chronic diseases. Identifying those with lower carotenoid status in childhood could be an important target for public health intervention. Research methods for the review were conducted using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) checklist and the Central Michigan University library, via multiple scientific databases...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218013/lung-oxidative-stress-dna-damage-apoptosis-and-fibrosis-in-adenine-induced-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mice
#8
Abderrahim Nemmar, Turan Karaca, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Javed Yasin, Badreldin H Ali
It is well-established that there is a crosstalk between the lung and the kidney, and several studies have reported association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and pulmonary pathophysiological changes. Experimentally, CKD can be caused in mice by dietary intake of adenine. Nevertheless, the consequence of such intervention on the lung received only scant attention. Here, we assessed the pulmonary effects of adenine (0.2% w/w in feed for 4 weeks)-induced CKD in mice by assessing various physiological histological and biochemical endpoints...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217942/the-association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-liver-enzymes-aspartate-and-alanine-transaminases-in-tehran-iran
#9
Mehdi Mollahosseini, Elnaz Daneshzad, Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
Background: Intake of fiber and antioxidants and following hypocaloric diets has beneficial effects on reduction of the liver enzymes. Fruits and vegetables are low in calorie and rich in fiber and antioxidants. There are few studies about special dietary effects on liver function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between fruit and vegetables intake and liver function enzymes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 265 Tehrani healthy adults...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211252/ilex-paraguariensis-extracts-extend-the-lifespan-of-drosophila-melanogaster-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#10
A C Colpo, M E Lima, H S da Rosa, A P Leal, C C Colares, A C Zago, A C F Salgueiro, P R Bertelli, L Minetto, S Moura, A S L Mendez, V Folmer
Studies have suggested that total energy intake and diet composition affect lifespan and ageing. A high-fat diet induces oxidative stress and affects the development of diseases. In contrast, antioxidants are capable of reducing its harmful effects. Yerba mate beverages are an important source of antioxidants, but there is scarce knowledge about their effects on suppressing fat accumulation. Here, we investigated the compounds present in yerba mate extracts and assessed their effects on Drosophila melanogaster given a high cholesterol diet...
November 30, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211033/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-and-anti-hyperglycemic-activities-of-moroccan-oat-cultivars
#11
Ilias Marmouzi, El Mostafa Karym, Nezha Saidi, Bouchra Meddah, Mourad Kharbach, Azlarab Masrar, Mounya Bouabdellah, Layachi Chabraoui, Khalid El Allali, Yahia Cherrah, My El Abbes Faouzi
Improvement of oat lines via introgression is an important process for food biochemical functionality. This work aims to evaluate the protective effect of phenolic compounds from hybrid Oat line (F11-5) and its parent (Amlal) on hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and to establish the possible mechanisms of antidiabetic activity by digestive enzyme inhibition. Eight phenolic acids were quantified in our samples including ferulic, p-hydroxybenzoic, caffeic, salicylic, syringic, sinapic, p-coumaric and chlorogenic acids...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210649/sargassum-fusiforme-polysaccharide-rejuvenates-the-small-intestine-in-mice-through-altering-its-physiology-and-gut-microbiota-composition
#12
P Chen, S Yang, C Hu, Z Zhao, J Liu, Y Cheng, S Wang, Q Chen, P Yu, X Zhang, M Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Aging can result in a progressive decline in cellular protection and physiological function. The physiological status and microbiota of the intestine are intensively linked to the aging process. Numerous studies have suggested that Sargassum fusiforme polysaccharides possess antioxidant and anti-aging activities. However, it remains unclear as to whether S. fusiforme polysaccharides can prevent the insult of oxidant and aging through modulating the physiological status and microbiota of the intestine...
December 4, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203958/role-of-catalytic-iron-and-oxidative-stress-in-nitrofen-induced-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-its-amelioration-by-saireito-tj-114
#13
Shima Hirako, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Fumiya Ito, Yasumasa Okazaki, Tasuku Hirayama, Hideko Nagasawa, Tomoko Nakano, Kenji Imai, Tomomi Kotani, Fumitaka Kikkawa, Shinya Toyokuni
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening neonatal disease that leads to lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. We recently found that maternal prenatal administration of Saireito (TJ-114) ameliorates fetal CDH in a nitrofen-induced rat model. Here, we studied the role of iron and oxidative stress in neonates of this model and in lung fibroblasts IMR90-SV in association with nitrofen and Saireito. We observed increased immunostaining of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in the lungs of neonates with CDH, which was ameliorated by maternal Saireito intake...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202844/associations-between-fruit-and-vegetable-and-antioxidant-nutrient-intake-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-by-smoking-status-in-elderly-korean-men
#14
Eun-Kyung Kim, Hyesook Kim, Aswathy Vijayakumar, Oran Kwon, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the major causes of irreversible blindness. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between dietary intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) and antioxidant nutrients including carotenoids and AMD according to smoking status in elderly men. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 1414) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2010-2012)...
December 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198994/dietary-quality-and-markers-of-inflammation-no-association-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Xiaoguang Ma, Murray A Mittleman, Natalie S The, Debra A Standiford, Jean M Lawrence, Catherine Pihoker, Santica M Marcovina, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Robin C Puett
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is a key process underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, and CVD risk is significantly elevated in persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Youth with T1D exhibit increased levels of inflammation. Studies in persons without diabetes suggest that dietary quality influences inflammation, yet little is known about dietary influences on inflammation in youth with T1D. METHODS: This study evaluated the association of four distinct dietary quality indices (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI2010), modified KIDMED and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC)) with biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and interleukin-6 (IL-6)) in a sample of 2520 youth with T1D participating in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195995/anchovy-mince-engraulis-ringens-enriched-with-polyphenol-rich-grape-pomace-dietary-fibre-in-vitro-polyphenols-bioaccessibility-antioxidant-and-physico-chemical-properties
#16
A Solari-Godiño, J Pérez-Jiménez, F Saura-Calixto, A J Borderías, H M Moreno
The aim of this study was to evaluate technological and antioxidant properties, including in vitro bioaccessibility of polyphenols, conferred on raw anchovy mince by the addition of polyphenol-rich grape pomace dietary fibre at different concentrations. For this purpose, headed and gutted anchovy was heat-flayed, deboned and mixed with 0%, 2%, 3%, 4% grape pomace dietary fibre. A significant increase (P<0.05) in the concentration of polyphenols and associated antioxidant capacity was detected when grape pomace dietary fibre was incorporated in a proportion of at least 2% of the final mixture...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195958/chlorogenic-acids-and-flavonoid-extraction-during-the-preparation-of-yerba-mate-based-beverages
#17
Tayse Ferreira Ferreira da Silveira, Adriana Dillenburg Meinhart, Thais Cristina Lima de Souza, Elenice Carla Emídio Cunha, Maria Rosa de Moraes, Helena Teixeira Godoy
This study determined the content of chlorogenic acids (CA) and rutin during successive aqueous extraction of yerba mate for tererê and chimarrão from four yerba mate types (smooth, native, traditional and coarse ground). Aqueous extracts were prepared aiming to simulate homemade procedure by partially (chimarrão) or completely (tererê) immersing the herb into hot (chimarrão) or cold (tererê) water (30 times consecutively). The content of CA and rutin in the aqueous extracts was compared to those in methanolic extracts (exhaustive extraction)...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191452/hesperidin-attenuates-iron-induced-oxidative-damage-and-dopamine-depletion-in-drosophila-melanogaster-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Márcia Rósula Poetini, Stífani Machado Araujo, Mariane Trindade de Paula, Vandreza Cardoso Bortolotto, Luana Barreto Meichtry, Francielli Polet de Almeida, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Simone Noremberg Kunz, Marina Prigol
This study has evaluated the action of flavonoid hesperidin on the neurotoxic effects caused by the intake of iron (Fe) in Drosophila melanogaster. Male adult flies, aged 1-3 days, have been divided into four groups of 50 each: (1) control, (2) Hsd 10 μM, (3) Fe 20 mM 4) Hsd 10 μM + Fe 20 mM. During the exposure protocol, the flies have been exposed to a diet containing Hsd and/or Fe for 48 h. The survival and behavioral analyses have been carried out in vivo, and ex vivo. The analyses involved acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and Fe levels in the flies' heads and bodies and determination of dopaminergic levels, cellular and mitochondrial viability, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), reactive species levels (RS), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and contents of total thiols and non-proteic thiols (NPSH) in the flies' heads...
November 27, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186823/the-subcellular-distribution-of-alpha-tocopherol-in-the-adult-primate-brain-and-its-relationship-with-membrane-arachidonic-acid-and-its-oxidation-products
#19
(no author information available yet)
The relationship between α-tocopherol, a known antioxidant, and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) oxidation, has not been directly investigated in the primate brain. This study characterized the membrane distribution of α-tocopherol in brain regions and investigated the association between membrane α-tocopherol and PUFA content, as well as brain PUFA oxidation products. Nuclear, myelin, mitochondrial, and neuronal membranes were isolated using a density gradient from the prefrontal cortex (PFC), cerebellum (CER), striatum (ST), and hippocampus (HC) of adult rhesus monkeys (n = 9), fed a stock diet containing vitamin E (α-, γ-tocopherol intake: ~0...
November 26, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186759/effect-of-two-different-doses-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-metabolic-profiles-of-insulin-resistant-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
Mehri Jamilian, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Elham Rahmani, Maesoomeh Talebi, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zatollah Asemi
This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on the metabolic profiles of insulin-resistant subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 90 insulin-resistant women with PCOS. Participants were randomly assigned to three groups to intake either 4000 IU of vitamin D or 1000 IU of vitamin D or placebo (n = 30 each group) daily for 12 weeks. Vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU), compared with vitamin D (1000 IU) and placebo, led to significant reductions in total testosterone (-0...
November 24, 2017: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
77595
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"