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Ischemia-repefusion injury

Z Nagy, S Nardai
While stroke research represents the primary interface between circulation and brain research, the hemostasis system also carries a pivotal role in the mechanism of vascular brain injury. The complex interrelated events triggered by the energy crisis have a specific spatial and temporal pattern arching from the initial damage to the final events of brain repair. The complexity of the pathophysiology make it difficult to model this disease, therefore it is challenging to find appropriate therapeutic targets...
June 15, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
L N Maslov, Yu B Lishmanov, A V Krylatov, A S Sementsov, A G Portnichenko, Yu K Podoksenov, I G Khaliulin
Hypoxic preconditioning produces an infarct-limiting effect both in the early and delayed periods. The increase in heart resistance to ischemia-repefusion was more pronounced after early preconditioning. Hypoxic preconditioning did not change heart resistance to the arrhythmogenic effect of coronary occlusion and reperfusion.
April 2014: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Hanna Krauss, Przemyslaw Sosnowski, Maciej Biczysko, Wieslawa Biczysko, Przemyslaw Majewski, Anna Jablecka, Bogdan Miskowiak, Iwona Smolarek, Aneta Konwerska, Iwona Ignys, Maciej Micker
This study analyzed the effects of L-arginine and non-specific nitric oxide (NO) synthase blocker (L-NAME) on structural and metabolic changes in experimental ischemia/reperfusion injury in the rat. Histopathological evaluation of rat tissues after reperfusion was also performed. The animals were divided into four groups: [1] nonischemic control, [2] ischemia 4 hrs/repefusion 30, 60, 120 min, [3] ischemia/reperfusion after L-arginine administration, [4] ischemia/reperfusion, after L-arginine, and L-NAME. L-arginine (500 mg/kg) and L-NAME (75 micromol/rat/day) were administrated orally for 5 days before experiment...
February 28, 2011: Chinese Journal of Physiology
M Buemi, L Nostro, A Romeo, M S Giacobbe, C Aloisi, A Sturiale, D Bolignano, A Allegra, G Grasso, N Frisina
Erythropoietin (EPO), already known as the stimulating hormone for erythropoiesis, has shown different and interesting pleiotropic actions. It does not only affect erythroid cells, but also myeloid cells, lymphocytes and megakaryocytes. This hormone can also enhance phagocytic function of the polymorphonuclear cells and reduce the activation of macrophages, thus modulating the inflammatory process.Moreover, hematopoietic and endothelial cells probably have the same cellular origin, and the discovery of erythropoietin receptors (EPO-R) also on mesangial and myocardial cells, smooth muscle fibrocells and neurons has prompted the study of the non-erythropoietic functions of this hormone...
October 2006: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Yavuz Enc, Pelin Karaca, Umut Ayoglu, Gercek Camur, Erol Kurc, Sertac Cicek
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute cardioprotective effect of high-dose methylprednisolone (25 mg/kg) in the controlled in vivo model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury occurring during cardiopulmonary bypass. Forty nondiabetic male patients with three-vessel disease undergoing first-time bypass surgery were enrolled for this double-blind prospective study. Patients were randomized to be given 25 mg/kg methylprednisolone (Group I) and saline (Group II) 1 h before cardiopulmonary bypass...
May 2006: Heart and Vessels
Julie Chao, Lee Chao
Tissue kallikrein is a serine proteinase capable of cleaving kininogen substrate to produce the potent vasodilator kinin peptide. Kinin mediates a complex set of physiological actions through its receptor signaling. Systemic delivery of the kallikrein gene in an adenoviral vector significantly reduced stroke-induced mortality rate, blood pressure elevation, and aortic hypertrophy in hypertensive Dahl-salt sensitive rats fed a high salt diet. Using a focal cerebral ischemic rat model induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion, intravenous or intracerebroventricular kallikrein gene delivery significantly reduced ischemia/repefusion (I/R)-induced neurological deficits, cerebral infarction, neuronal and glial cell apoptosis, and inflammatory cell infiltration, while promoting angiogenesis and neurogenesis in the ischemic brain...
2006: Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library
Kouichi Hiraiwa
This article is a review of our experimental results regarding the physiological statuses and roles of chemical mediators in tourniquet shock, and a novel phenomenon, modulation reflex, that is commonly observed in this shock model is discussed. In a rabbit with a tourniquet applied to a hind limb for 24 hrs, blood pressure (BP) gradually falls after release of the tourniquet, but the decline in BP stops when a tourniquet is again applied to the hind limb, indicating that shock mediators are attributed to the hind limb...
September 2003: Nihon Hōigaku Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Legal Medicine
P Liu, B Xu, E Spokas, P S Lai, P Y Wong
In the present study, we examined the role of nitric oxide (NO) in early-response cytokine production by using a rat model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (HI/R). The left and median lobes of the liver were subjected to 30 min of ischemia, followed by 4 h of reperfusion. Group I and II rats were sham-operated controls that received saline (vehicle) or N(W)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) (10 mg/kg, iv); group III and IV rats were subjected to HI/R and received vehicle or L-NAME (10 mg/kg, iv, 10 min before reperfusion), respectively...
March 2000: Shock
Y F Ding, Y L Li, S Y Ho
The effects of NO donor--L-arginine (L-arg) and ischemic preconditioning (IP) on the hemodynamics and myocardial infarct size were examined in the anesthetized rabbit subjected to myocardial ischemia-repefusion to define whether exogenous L-arg could exert a beneficial effect in this pathological model, and whether the L-arg-NO pathway was involved in the cardioprotection provided by IP. The results obtained were as follows: (1) During the course of ischemia (30 min)-reperfusion (180 min), blood pressure, heart rate and myocardial oxygen consumption decreased progressively, and the myocardial infarct size occupied 33...
December 1996: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
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