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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228288/fda-ce-mark-or-something-else-thinking-fast-and-slow
#1
EDITORIAL
Sundeep Mishra
There is a robust debate going on among the Medical Device stake-holders whether FDA is better or CE mark or something else. Currently process of obtaining an FDA approval is bogged down by ever-increasing unpredictability, inconsistency, prolonged time, and huge expense but CE mark has its own problems. Historically, the Japanese review process has tended to be the slowest among the big three but recently with the introduction of accelerated review process there has been a significant progress. While the goal of an innovator/manufacturer is to develop, manufacture and market a medical device that addresses an unmet clinical need, the requisite regulatory approval process can be very confusing...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215751/rewriting-age-to-overcome-misaligned-age-and-gender-norms-in-later-life
#2
Jeremiah C Morelock, Jeffrey E Stokes, Sara M Moorman
In this paper we suggest that older adults undergo a misalignment between societal age norms and personal lived experience, and attempt reconciliation through discursive strategies: They rewrite how they frame chronological age as well as their subjective relations to it. Using a sample of 4041 midlife and older adults from the 2004-2006 wave of the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II), we explore associations of age and gender with subjective age and at what age respondents felt people enter later life...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180005/the-role-of-urotensin-ii-and-atherosclerotic-risk-factors-in-patients-with-slow-coronary-flow
#3
REVIEW
Ömer Şatıroğlu, Murtaza Emre Durakoğlugil, Mustafa Çetin, Yüksel Çiçek, Turan Erdoğan, Hakan Duman
BACKGROUND: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is an angiographic finding characterized with delayed opacification of epicardial coronary arteries without obstructive coronary disease. Urotensin II (UII) is an important vascular peptide, which has an important role in hypertension, coronary artery disease, and vascular remodeling in addition to potent vasoconstrictor effect. OBJECTIVES: We investigated UII levels, hypertension, and other atherosclerotic risk factors in patients with SCF, a variety of coronary artery disease...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163396/schumpeter-s-picture-of-economic-and-political-institutions-in-the-light-of-a-cognitive-approach-to-human-behavior
#4
Massimo Egidi
Schumpeter's theory of democracy can be read through the lens of the cognitive approach to rationality. Schumpeter himself constructed his theory on the basis of his (neglected) conception of conscious rationality, which considers the process of thinking as composed of conscious/deliberate and unconscious/automatic components. The prevalence of the deliberate over the automatic component can occur in different degrees; as a consequence, individuals exhibit different levels of conscious rationality. Schumpeter makes clear that an essential attribute of democracy is its being a system of government capable of working notwithstanding a low degree of conscious rationality among its citizens...
2017: J Evol Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135833/book-review-thinking-fast-and-slow-thinking-fast-and-slow-kahneman-daniel-new-york-farrar-strauss-and-giroux-2011-499-pp-isbn-978-0-374-27563-1
#5
Gordon Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976426/men-s-perspectives-on-fall-risk-and-fall-prevention-following-participation-in-a-group-based-programme-conducted-at-men-s-sheds-australia
#6
Jeannine L M Liddle, Meryl Lovarini, Lindy M Clemson, Haeyoung Jang, Karen Willis, Stephen R Lord, Catherine Sherrington
Research on older men's views regarding fall prevention is limited. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and perspectives of older men regarding fall risk and prevention so that fall prevention programmes can better engage older men. Eleven men who had taken part in a group-based fall prevention programme called Stepping On conducted at Men's Sheds in Sydney, Australia, participated in semi-structured interviews during June and July 2015 which were audio-recorded and transcribed...
December 15, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964979/thinking-fast-and-slow
#7
EDITORIAL
Bahaaldin Alsoufi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941037/china-the-tipping-point-in-tobacco-control
#8
REVIEW
Judith Mackay
BACKGROUND: Tobacco control in China, the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco, began in the 1980s with the first national prevalence survey and a conference on tobacco held in Tianjin. Since then, there have been dozens of research papers, partial restrictions on smoking and tobacco advertising, public education campaigns, and the ratification of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, but progress has been slow. The state-owned tobacco industry remains a major obstacle to tobacco control...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928433/psychopathology-and-psychotherapeutic-intervention-in-diabetes-particularities-challenges-and-limits
#9
REVIEW
Popa-Velea O, Bubulac L, Petrescu L, Purcarea Rm
Diabetes is a problem of great public health importance, creating a considerable burden to the affected individuals and society. The psychological approach of this disease implies the early acknowledging of behavioral symptoms and the construction of effective psychotherapeutic interventions. Regarding the psychological symptoms, cognitive malfunctions in diabetes include a slowing of information processing, attention, memory, and concentration, which, in turn, can significantly diminish motivation for therapy, compliance, and ability for self-care...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794468/quality-of-tuberculosis-care-in-high-burden-countries-the-urgent-need-to-address-gaps-in-the-care-cascade
#10
REVIEW
Danielle Cazabon, Hannah Alsdurf, Srinath Satyanarayana, Ruvandhi Nathavitharana, Ramnath Subbaraman, Amrita Daftary, Madhukar Pai
Despite the high coverage of directly observed treatment (DOTS), tuberculosis (TB) continues to affect 10.4 million people each year, and kills 1.8 million. High TB mortality, the large number of missing TB cases, the emergence of severe forms of drug resistance, and the slow decline in TB incidence indicate that merely expanding the coverage of TB services is insufficient to end the epidemic. In the era of the End TB Strategy, we need to think beyond coverage and start focusing on the quality of the TB care that is routinely offered to patients in high burden countries, in both public and private sectors...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753247/a-perspective-on-management-of-helicoverpa-armigera-transgenic-bt-cotton-ipm-and-landscapes
#11
Sharon Downes, Darren Kriticos, Hazel Parry, Cate Paull, Nancy Schellhorn, Myron P Zalucki
Helicoverpa armigera is a major pest of agriculture, horticulture and floriculture throughout the Old World and recently invaded parts of the New World. We overview of the evolution in thinking about the application of area-wide approaches to assist with its control by the Australian Cotton Industry to highlight important lessons and future challenges to achieving the same in the New World. An over-reliance of broad-spectrum insecticides led to Helicoverpa spp. in Australian cotton rapidly became resistant to DDT, synthetic pyrethroids, organophosphates, carbamates and endosulfan...
March 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727255/-walking-among-doctors-and-patients-stories-and-reflections
#12
Luigi Pagliaro, Agostino Colli
The clinician - the doctor who treats sick people - should be able to establish a good human relationship with his or her patients and their family; should be able to reach a diagnosis even in patients with rare diseases, or atypical presentations - or should refer the patient to a senior colleague; and should be able to recommend the best treatment (or no treatment at all). And he - or she - should be able to draw these abilities from the "deliberate practice" according to Ericsson, i.e. from the combination of experience with reflection - not, or with much lesser strength, from the medical literature as suggested by Evidence-Based Medicine...
September 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713710/cognitive-reflection-decision-biases-and-response-times
#13
Carlos Alós-Ferrer, Michele Garagnani, Sabine Hügelschäfer
We present novel evidence on response times and personality traits in standard questions from the decision-making literature where responses are relatively slow (medians around half a minute or above). To this end, we measured response times in a number of incentivized, framed items (decisions from description) including the Cognitive Reflection Test, two additional questions following the same logic, and a number of classic questions used to study decision biases in probability judgments (base-rate neglect, the conjunction fallacy, and the ratio bias)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556573/prehospital-triage-of-injured-older-adults-thinking-slow-inside-the-golden-hour
#14
Timothy F Platts-Mills, Christopher S Evans, Jane H Brice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545458/-history-and-development-trend-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-in-china
#15
Minhua Zheng, Junjun Ma
With the development in past 20 years, the utilization of the laparoscopic surgery, which is the main trend in minimally invasive surgery for colorectal cancer, has tremendously changed. Minimally invasive surgery for colorectal cancer is now at a high level platform after going through the exploration at the very beginning and rapid development in the period of standardizing and promoting the regulations. Nowadays, the unique advantage that the laparoscopy owns is high definition and enlargement of the image, along with the establishment of the key note in series of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision and the improvement of surgical instruments and methods make the operation skills accurate and normative in exploration of correct plane, high ligation of vessels and protection of nerve during the lymph node dissection of colorectal surgery...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435520/idiopathic-focal-epilepsies-the-lost-tribe
#16
Deb K Pal, Colin Ferrie, Laura Addis, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Giuseppe Capovilla, Roberto Caraballo, Anne de Saint-Martin, Natalio Fejerman, Renzo Guerrini, Khalid Hamandi, Ingo Helbig, Andreas A Ioannides, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Dennis Lal, Gaetan Lesca, Hiltrud Muhle, Bernd A Neubauer, Tiziana Pisano, Gabrielle Rudolf, Caroline Seegmuller, Takashi Shibata, Anna Smith, Pasquale Striano, Lisa J Strug, Pierre Szepetowski, Thalia Valeta, Harumi Yoshinaga, Michalis Koutroumanidis
The term idiopathic focal epilepsies of childhood (IFE) is not formally recognised by the ILAE in its 2010 revision (Berg et al., 2010), nor are its members and boundaries precisely delineated. The IFEs are amongst the most commonly encountered epilepsy syndromes affecting children. They are fascinating disorders that hold many "treats" for both clinicians and researchers. For example, the IFEs pose many of the most interesting questions central to epileptology: how are functional brain networks involved in the manifestation of epilepsy? What are the shared mechanisms of comorbidity between epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders? How do focal EEG discharges impact cognitive functioning? What explains the age-related expression of these syndromes? Why are EEG discharges and seizures so tightly locked to slow-wave sleep? In the last few decades, the clinical symptomatology and the respective courses of many IFEs have been described, although they are still not widely appreciated beyond the specialist community...
September 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396675/tracking-the-intrusion-of-unwanted-memories-into-awareness-with-event-related-potentials
#17
Robin Hellerstedt, Mikael Johansson, Michael C Anderson
Involuntary retrieval of unwanted memories is a common symptom in several clinical disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder. With an aim to track the temporal dynamics of such memory intrusions, we recorded electrophysiological measures of brain activity while participants engaged in a Think/No-Think task. We presented the left hand word (the cue) of previously encoded word pairs in green or red font. We asked participants to think of the associated right hand word (the associate) when the cue appeared in green (Think condition) and to avoid thinking of the associate when the cue appeared in red (No-Think condition)...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377090/the-role-of-cajal-cells-in-chronic-prostatitis
#18
REVIEW
Ozgur Haki Yuksel, Ahmet Urkmez, Ayhan Verit
Types of prostatitis can be defined as groups of syndromes in adult men associated with infectious and noninfectious causes characterized frequently by lower abdominal and perineal signs and diverse clinical symptoms and complications. Etiopathogenesis of chronic prostatitis is not well defined. Moreover, its treatment outcomes are not satisfactory. Presence of c-kit positive interstitial cells in human prostate is already known. It has been demonstrated that these cells can be pacemaker cells which trigger spontaneous slow-wave electrical activity in the prostate and can be responsible for the transport of glandular secretion from acinar cells into major and minor prostatic ducts and finally into urethra...
July 4, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350726/avoiding-hepatic-metastasis-naturally-lessons-from-the-cotton-top-tamarin-saguinus-oedipus
#19
REVIEW
Martin Tobi, Peter Thomas, Daniel Ezekwudo
Much has been written about hepatic metastasis and animal models abound. In terms of the human experience, progress in treating this final common pathway, a terminal event of many human malignancies has been relatively slow. The current thinking is that primary prevention is best served by early detection of cancer and eradication of early stage cancers by screening. Some cancers spread early in their course and the role of screening may be limited. Until relatively recently there has not been a pathfinder model that makes the evasion of this unfortunate event a reality...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343111/modeling-variable-phanerozoic-oxygen-effects-on-physiology-and-evolution
#20
Jeffrey B Graham, Corey J Jew, Nicholas C Wegner
Geochemical approximation of Earth's atmospheric O2 level over geologic time prompts hypotheses linking hyper- and hypoxic atmospheres to transformative events in the evolutionary history of the biosphere. Such correlations, however, remain problematic due to the relative imprecision of the timing and scope of oxygen change and the looseness of its overlay on the chronology of key biotic events such as radiations, evolutionary innovation, and extinctions. There are nevertheless general attributions of atmospheric oxygen concentration to key evolutionary changes among groups having a primary dependence upon oxygen diffusion for respiration...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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