keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

slow thinking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892141/novel-insights-on-population-and-range-edge-dynamics-using-an-unparalleled-spatiotemporal-record-of-species-invasion
#1
Kristine Grayson, Derek M Johnson
Quantifying the complex spatial dynamics taking place at range edges is critical for understanding future distributions of species, yet very few systems have sufficient data or the spatial resolution to empirically test these dynamics. This paper reviews how data from a large-scale pest management program have provided important contributions to the fields of population dynamics and invasion biology. The invasion of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is well-documented from its introduction near Boston, Massachusetts USA in 1869 to its current extent of over 900,000 km(2) in Eastern North America...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858547/junctional-rhythm-preoperatively-and-during-general-anesthesia-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#2
Naotaka Kishimoto, Ikue Kinoshita, Yoshihiro Momota
We report a case of junctional rhythm that occurred both preoperatively and later during a portion of general anesthesia. A 19-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy after being diagnosed with a jaw deformity. Preoperative electrocardiography (ECG) revealed a junctional rhythm with a slow heart rate (HR). At 90 minutes after anesthesia induction, local anesthesia with 10 mL of 1% lidocaine and 1:100,000 adrenaline was administered. A junctional rhythm appeared 15 minutes after the local anesthesia...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858480/anodic-cyclization-reactions-and-the-mechanistic-strategies-that-enable-optimization
#3
Ruozhu Feng, Jake A Smith, Kevin D Moeller
Oxidation reactions are powerful tools for synthesis because they allow us to reverse the polarity of electron-rich functional groups, generate highly reactive intermediates, and increase the functionality of molecules. For this reason, oxidation reactions have been and continue to be the subject of intense study. Central to these efforts is the development of mechanism-based strategies that allow us to think about the reactive intermediates that are frequently central to the success of the reactions and the mechanistic pathways that those intermediates trigger...
August 31, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830236/testing-many-treatments-within-a-single-protocol-over-10%C3%A2-years-at-mrc-clinical-trials-unit-at-ucl-multi-arm-multi-stage-platform-umbrella-and-basket-protocols
#4
Mahesh Kb Parmar, Fay H Cafferty, Matthew R Sydes, Babak Choodari-Oskooei, Ruth E Langley, Louise Brown, Patrick Pj Phillips, Melissa R Spears, Sam Rowley, Richard Kaplan, Nicholas D James, Timothy Maughan, Nicholas Paton, Patrick J Royston
BACKGROUND: There is real need to change how we do some of our clinical trials, as currently the testing and development process is too slow, too costly and too failure-prone - often we find that a new treatment is no better than the current standard. PURPOSE AND METHODS: Much of the focus on the development and testing pathway has been in improving the design of phase I and II trials. In this paper we present examples of new methods for improving the design of phase III trials (and the necessary lead up to them) as they are the most time-consuming and expensive part of the pathway...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806137/thinking-more-or-feeling-less-explaining-the-foreign-language-effect-on-moral-judgment
#5
Sayuri Hayakawa, David Tannenbaum, Albert Costa, Joanna D Corey, Boaz Keysar
Would you kill one person to save five? People are more willing to accept such utilitarian action when using a foreign language than when using their native language. In six experiments, we investigated why foreign-language use affects moral choice in this way. On the one hand, the difficulty of using a foreign language might slow people down and increase deliberation, amplifying utilitarian considerations of maximizing welfare. On the other hand, use of a foreign language might stunt emotional processing, attenuating considerations of deontological rules, such as the prohibition against killing...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#6
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754609/the-drug-delivery-field-at-the-inflection-point-time-to-fight-its-way-out-of-the-egg
#7
Kinam Park
The world is becoming a better place, in part, by breakthrough findings by scientists. In the drug delivery field, many breakthrough formulations have been achieved helping patients deal with various diseases effectively. The recent progress, however, has been slowing down, and many important drug delivery problems have not been resolved. They can be overcome by understanding the causes and finding the remedies. For the last three decades, the field has been overwhelmed by nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and many nano-sized drug delivery systems...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746757/de-extinction-and-barriers-to-the-application-of-new-conservation-tools
#8
Philip J Seddon
Decades of globally coordinated work in conservation have failed to slow the loss of biodiversity. To do better-even if that means nothing more than failing less spectacularly-bolder thinking is necessary. One of the first possible conservation applications of synthetic biology to be debated is the use of genetic tools to resurrect once-extinct species. Since the currency of conservation is biodiversity and the discipline of conservation biology was formed around the prevention of species extinctions, the prospect of reversing extinctions might have been expected to generate unreserved enthusiasm...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700584/the-selfish-germ
#9
Andrew F Read
Curiosity about the sex life of a wasp led to a new way of thinking and a powerful demonstration that evolutionary science could be predictive. That same approach could help find ways to slow or prevent treatment failures in cancer and infectious diseases.
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679327/micro-factors-bringing-the-pharmaceutical-industry-to-a-seismic-shaking-a-qualitative-research
#10
REVIEW
Raphaela Marie Louisa Dierks, Olivier Bruyère, Jean-Yves Reginster
INTRODUCTION: Due to changing macro and micro factors, expiring patents and falling net income, pharmaceutical companies need to rethink their vertical business model. The trend shows cross-sectorial partnerships and consolidation to remain and compete on the market. Areas covered: Quantitative research interviewing a target group of 25 key executives from small, mid and large global pharmaceutical companies rounded with qualitative literature research completing the analysis. Expert commentary: Uncertainty in the industry due to changing external factors i...
June 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630504/academic-pharmacy-where-is-our-influence
#11
Stefanie P Ferreri, L Brian Cross, Scott D Hanes, Tara Jenkins, Douglas Meyer, Amy Pittenger
Objective. To evaluate the talents of fellows from cohorts 1-10 of the Academic Leadership Fellows Program (ALFP). Methods. This was a descriptive analysis of previously collected ALFP cohort data reflecting the talents using the Clifton StrengthsFinder assessment tool. Data consisted of 295 fellows from the first 10 years of the ALFP program. The Clifton StrengthsFinder talents were aggregated and analyzed to determine talents (strengths) distribution and domain. The aggregate of the four domains were compared among ALFP fellows using a chi-square analysis with an a priori alpha of ...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624131/studying-arterial-stiffness-using-high-frequency-ultrasound-in-mice-with-alzheimer-disease
#12
Chin-Chia Huang, Hsiang-Fan Cheng, Ben-Peng Zhu, Pei-Yu Chen, Suet Theng Beh, Yu-Min Kuo, Chih-Chung Huang
Alzheimer disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that causes slow loss of memory and thinking skills, normally leading to death in 3-9 y. The etiology of AD is not fully understood but is widely believed to be induced by the production and deposition of amyloid-β peptide in the brain. Recently, a correlation was discovered between amyloid-β deposition and atherosclerosis in the cerebral arteries of postmortem brains, indicating that amyloid-β promotes atherogenesis and that in turn atherosclerosis promotes brain amyloid-β accumulation...
June 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617009/-the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs-correction-to-mcgurk-et-al-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The feasibility of implementing cognitive remediation for work in community based psychiatric rehabilitation programs" by Susan R. McGurk, Kim T. Mueser, Melanie A. Watkins, Carline M. Dalton and Heather Deutsch (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 2017[Mar], Vol 40[1], 79-86). In the article, the author order was incorrect due to a printer error. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-13255-004.) Objective: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601164/how-radiologists-think-understanding-fast-and-slow-thought-processing-and-how-it-can-improve-our-teaching
#14
Anouk van der Gijp, Emily M Webb, David M Naeger
Scholars have identified two distinct ways of thinking. This "Dual Process Theory" distinguishes a fast, nonanalytical way of thinking, called "System 1," and a slow, analytical way of thinking, referred to as "System 2." In radiology, we use both methods when interpreting and reporting images, and both should ideally be emphasized when educating our trainees. This review provides practical tips for improving radiology education, by enhancing System 1 and System 2 thinking among our trainees.
June 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574982/mmtf-an-efficient-file-format-for-the-transmission-visualization-and-analysis-of-macromolecular-structures
#15
Anthony R Bradley, Alexander S Rose, Antonín Pavelka, Yana Valasatava, Jose M Duarte, Andreas Prlić, Peter W Rose
Recent advances in experimental techniques have led to a rapid growth in complexity, size, and number of macromolecular structures that are made available through the Protein Data Bank. This creates a challenge for macromolecular visualization and analysis. Macromolecular structure files, such as PDB or PDBx/mmCIF files can be slow to transfer, parse, and hard to incorporate into third-party software tools. Here, we present a new binary and compressed data representation, the MacroMolecular Transmission Format, MMTF, as well as software implementations in several languages that have been developed around it, which address these issues...
June 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570572/optimal-costs-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Jennie McKenney, Anders Chen, Karen W Hoover, Jane Kelly, David Dowdy, Parastu Sharifi, Patrick S Sullivan, Eli S Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV due to their increased risk of infection. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effictive HIV-prevention strategy for MSM. Despite evidence of its effectiveness, PrEP uptake in the United States has been slow, in part due to its cost. As jurisdictions and health organizations begin to think about PrEP scale-up, the high cost to society needs to be understood. METHODS: We modified a previously-described decision-analysis model to estimate the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained, over a 1-year duration of PrEP intervention and lifetime time horizon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541738/book-review-thinking-fast-and-slow-thinking-fast-and-slow-kahneman-daniel-new-york-farrar-strauss-and-giroux-2011-499-pp-isbn-978-0-374-27563-1
#17
Gordon Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530073/-red-herring-complaints-in-an-eighteen-years-old-female-with-a-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung
#18
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522984/applicability-of-the-compensatory-encoding-model-in-foreign-language-reading-an-investigation-with-chinese-college-english-language-learners
#19
Feifei Han
While some first language (L1) reading models suggest that inefficient word recognition and small working memory tend to inhibit higher-level comprehension processes; the Compensatory Encoding Model maintains that slow word recognition and small working memory do not normally hinder reading comprehension, as readers are able to operate metacognitive strategies to compensate for inefficient word recognition and working memory limitation as long as readers process a reading task without time constraint. Although empirical evidence is accumulated for support of the Compensatory Encoding Model in L1 reading, there is lack of research for testing of the Compensatory Encoding Model in foreign language (FL) reading...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514530/curious-thoughtful-and-affirmative-young-children-s-meanings-of-participation-in-healthcare-situations-when-using-an-interactive-communication-tool
#20
Anna Stålberg, Anette Sandberg, Thomas Larsson, Imelda Coyne, Maja Söderbäck
AIM: to describe young children's demonstrated participation in healthcare situations while using an interactive communication tool. BACKGROUND: participation is a multidimensional concept influenced by situational and contextual issues. In child participation, verbal and non-verbal communicative expressions are of interest, as both demonstrate the child's perspective. Children have a right to participate in all situations that matter to them, for instance healthcare situations...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
keyword
keyword
77583
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"