keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

slow thinking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696601/a-simple-mathematical-model-inspired-by-the-purkinje-cells-from-delayed-travelling-waves-to-fractional-diffusion
#1
Serena Dipierro, Enrico Valdinoci
Recently, several experiments have demonstrated the existence of fractional diffusion in the neuronal transmission occurring in the Purkinje cells, whose malfunctioning is known to be related to the lack of voluntary coordination and the appearance of tremors. Also, a classical mathematical feature is that (fractional) parabolic equations possess smoothing effects, in contrast with the case of hyperbolic equations, which typically exhibit shocks and discontinuities. In this paper, we show how a simple toy-model of a highly ramified structure, somehow inspired by that of the Purkinje cells, may produce a fractional diffusion via the superposition of travelling waves that solve a hyperbolic equation...
April 25, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665071/the-flushtration-count-illusion-attribute-substitution-tricks-our-interpretation-of-a-simple-visual-event-sequence
#2
Cyril Thomas, André Didierjean, Gustav Kuhn
When faced with a difficult question, people sometimes work out an answer to a related, easier question without realizing that a substitution has taken place (e.g., Kahneman, 2011, Thinking, fast and slow. New York, Farrar, Strauss, Giroux). In two experiments, we investigated whether this attribute substitution effect can also affect the interpretation of a simple visual event sequence. We used a magic trick called the 'Flushtration Count Illusion', which involves a technique used by magicians to give the illusion of having seen multiple cards with identical backs, when in fact only the back of one card (the bottom card) is repeatedly shown...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644989/the-palliative-care-in-dementia-context-health-professionals-point-of-view-about-advantages-and-resistances
#3
Sabina Zapponi, Maria Chiara Ascari, Erjona Feracaku, Silvia Masin, Paola Paglia, Roberta Petroccione, Ana Pinzaru, Chiara Foà, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The 38/2010 law has expanded the provision of palliative care to patients with chronic-degenerative diseases. The ISTAT data show that 60% of the dying population is suffering from these diseases and could, according to the literature review, benefit particularly from such treatments. This study investigates the point of view of healthcare professionals, working in the context of dementia, regarding the knowledge and application of palliative care in the field of dementia...
March 26, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573600/epidural-angiolipoma-a-rare-cause-of-spinal-cord-compression
#4
Mouna Rkhami, Mohamed Ali Kedous, Sameh Achoura, Alia Zehani, Kamel Bahri, Ihsen Zammel
INTRODUCTION: Angiolipomas are benign, slow growing lesions, almost always located subcutaneously in the trunc or limbs. They are composed of mature lipocytes admixed with abnormal blood vessels. Spinal epidural angiolipoma are rare accounting for approximately 0.14-1.2% of all spinal axis tumors and 2-3% of epidural spinal tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 65 years-old-woman, presenting with complete paraplegia installed since 7 months. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an epidural dorsal fatty mass...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565792/slowing-down-fast-thinking-to-enhance-understanding
#5
COMMENT
Edmund G Howe
Stress can make the comprehension of complex information more difficult, yet patients and their family members often must receive, process, and make decisions based on new, complex information presented in unfamiliar and stressful clinical environments such the intensive care unit. Family members may be asked to make decisions regarding the donation of organs and genetic tissue soon after the death of a loved one, based on new, complex information, under tight time limits. How can we assist patients and families better process complex information while under stress, and to make better decisions for themselves or for a loved one?...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562523/multifactorial-hypothesis-and-multi-targets-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Cheng-Xin Gong, Fei Liu, Khalid Iqbal
The amyloid cascade hypothesis has been dominating drug discovery for Alzheimer's disease (AD) for the last two decades. The failure of the development of effective drugs for slowing down or reversing the progression of AD warrants the AD field to consider out-of-the-box thinking and therapeutic approaches. We propose the multifactorial hypothesis of AD, emphasizing that AD is caused by multiple etiological factors, which may result in common brain pathology and functional consequences through several separate but integrated molecular pathways...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549477/changes-over-time-in-the-comprehension-of-he-and-they-as-epicene-pronouns
#7
Jane Noll, Mark Lowry, Judith Bryant
An epicene pronoun is a gender-neutral singular pronoun used in sentences when the gender of the subject is unknown or unspecified. In English, he and they are commonly-used epicene pronouns. Until recently, he has been widely accepted as being grammatically correct. However, many have argued that he is sexist because it may bias people to think about males. Two experiments were performed using a lexical decision task in which participants reacted to gendered words (e.g., aunt and uncle) after reading sentences using he, they, or unrelated epicene pronouns...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468009/is-red-heavier-than-yellow-even-for-blind
#8
Marco Barilari, Adélaïde de Heering, Virginie Crollen, Olivier Collignon, Roberto Bottini
Across cultures and languages, people find similarities between the products of different senses in mysterious ways. By studying what is called cross-modal correspondences, cognitive psychologists discovered that lemons are fast rather than slow, boulders are sour, and red is heavier than yellow. Are these cross-modal correspondences established via sensory perception or can they be learned merely through language? We contribute to this debate by demonstrating that early blind people who lack the perceptual experience of color also think that red is heavier than yellow but to a lesser extent than sighted do...
January 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453836/cba-and-precaution-policy-making-about-emerging-technologies
#9
Gregory E Kaebnick, Michael K Gusmano
In the technology assessment literature, the leading alternative to CBA-like methods is usually held to be precaution, which is understood in various ways but is always about making decisions under conditions of uncertainty. Under such conditions, proponents of precaution commonly hold, a straightforward tallying of potential outcomes does not seem possible. Since CBA aims to tally up outcomes to determine which outcome would produce the greatest public benefit, precaution begins to look like, not just an alternative to CBA, but an incompatible alternative...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427834/safety-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children-and-young-people-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Oluwaseun Egunsola, Imti Choonara, Helen M Sammons, William P Whitehouse
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children receiving antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and compare ADRs to the individual drugs when given as monotherapy. METHOD: Paediatric patients (≤18 years old) were enrolled for this prospective observational study over a 6-month period, between September 2015 and March 2016. Adverse reactions to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) were elicited at the time of enrolment and after 3 months using the Paediatric Epilepsy Side Effects Questionnaire...
March 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394245/simulation-enabled-search-for-explanatory-mechanisms-of-the-fracture-healing-process
#11
Ryan C Kennedy, Meir Marmor, Ralph Marcucio, C Anthony Hunt
A significant portion of bone fractures fail to heal properly, increasing healthcare costs. Advances in fracture management have slowed because translation barriers have limited generation of mechanism-based explanations for the healing process. When uncertainties are numerous, analogical modeling can be an effective strategy for developing plausible explanations of complex phenomena. We demonstrate the feasibility of engineering analogical models in software to facilitate discovery of biomimetic explanations for how fracture healing may progress...
February 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388502/feeling-low-thinking-slow-associations-between-situational-cues-mood-and-cognitive-function
#12
Sophie von Stumm
Within-person changes in mood, which are triggered by situational cues, for example someone's location or company, are thought to affect contemporaneous cognitive function. To test this hypothesis, data were collected over 6 months with the smartphone application (app) moo-Q that prompted users at random times to rate their mood and complete 3 short cognitive tests. Out of 24,313 people across 154 countries, who downloaded the app, 770 participants submitted 10 or more valid moo-Q responses (mean = 23; SD = 18; range 10-207)...
February 1, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319391/keeping-the-magic-alive-social-sharing-of-positive-life-experiences-sustains-happiness
#13
Arpine Hovasapian, Linda J Levine
Social sharing of positive life experiences has been linked to increased intensity of positive emotion. Less is known about the relations among sharing, the perceived response of the listener, and the duration of positive emotion. We hypothesised that sharing an experience would sustain positive emotion when listeners responded in a manner that highlighted the appraised importance and remarkability of the experience, thereby slowing hedonic adaptation. College students who received a desirable exam grade (N = 165) reported their emotional response, appraisals, and sharing on the day they received their grade and again the following evening...
January 10, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#14
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246241/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-use-and-misuse-of-trypanocides-in-selected-pastoral-and-agropastoral-areas-of-eastern-and-northeastern-tanzania
#15
Anna F Ngumbi, Richard S Silayo
BACKGROUND: Tsetse-borne African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) greatly influences livestock distribution and significantly slows livestock productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. While a number of control methods targeting the vector tsetse are in field application, treatment with the few available trypanocides continues to be the most widely applied control method. Unfortunately, improper and frequent use of these few available drugs, accelerated by poor veterinary service delivery, promotes trypanosome drug resistance, the magnitude of which has not been delineated...
December 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231509/-summary-of-professor-yang-jun-s-experience-for-intractable-facial-paralysis
#16
Tao Wang, Zaiyuan Li, Tingqiu Ge, Man Zhang, Aihong Yuan, Jun Yang
Professor YANG Jun 's experience of diagnosis and treatment for intractable facial paralysis is introduced. Professor YANG focuses on the thinking model that combines TCM, western medicine and acupuncture, and adopts the differentiation system that combines disease differentiation, syndrome differentiation and meridian differentiation; he adopts the treatment integrates etiological treatment, overall regulation, symptomatic treatment as well as acupuncture, moxibustion, medication and flash cupping. The acupoints of yangming meridians are mostly selected, and acupoints of governor vessel such as Dazhui (GV 14) and Jinsuo (GV 8) are highly valued...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231139/catechol-o-methyltransferase-cognition-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Dubravka Svob Strac, Lucija Tudor, Marcela Konjevod, Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Nela Pivac
OBJECTIVE: Cognition is a complex trait representing a set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge. Although diverse brain regions are involved, most cognitive processes appear to engage cortical regions. The activity of dopaminergic neurons in prefrontal cortex represents a biological substrate underlying cognitive functions. Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most frequent dementia associated with cognitive impairments. Cognitive impairment in AD starts slowly with discrete deterioration in memory, language, thinking and reasoning, but it progresses into more severe and debilitating cognitive dysfunction...
March 14, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171023/thinking-fast-and-slow-in-clinical-psychiatry
#18
EDITORIAL
G Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068705/campaign-preparation-for-complex-initiatives-a-person-centered-approach-to-audience-segmentation-of-parents-antibiotic-stewardship
#19
Rachel A Smith, Erina L MacGeorge, Nicole M Hackman, Nkuchia M M'ikanatha
The evolution of antibiotic resistance is outpacing the speed at which new antibiotics will reach the marketplace. To slow the rate of resistance, people need to engage in antibiotic stewardship, which includes acts to prevent the spread of bacteria and judicious use of antibiotics to treat infections. This study identified the patterns and predictors of antibiotic stewardship behaviors of parents (N = 516) related to their children. The latent class analysis revealed three profiles of parental stewardship, labeled Stewards, Requesters, and Non-Stewards...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035006/applying-systems-thinking-to-inform-studies-of-wildlife-trade-in-primates
#20
Mary E Blair, Minh D Le, Hoàng M Thạch, Anna Panariello, Ngọc B Vũ, Mark G Birchette, Gautam Sethi, Eleanor J Sterling
Wildlife trade presents a major threat to primate populations, which are in demand from local to international scales for a variety of uses from food and traditional medicine to the exotic pet trade. We argue that an interdisciplinary framework to facilitate integration of socioeconomic, anthropological, and biological data across multiple spatial and temporal scales is essential to guide the study of wildlife trade dynamics and its impacts on primate populations. Here, we present a new way to design research on wildlife trade in primates using a systems thinking framework...
November 2017: American Journal of Primatology
keyword
keyword
77583
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"