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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738275/early-childhood-myoclonic-epilepsy-an-independent-genetic-generalized-epilepsy-with-myoclonic-seizures-as-the-main-seizure-type
#1
Zhixian Yang, Jiao Xue, Hui Li, Ping Qian, Xiaoyan Liu, Yuwu Jiang, Yuehua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the characteristics of the myoclonic seizures alone, or predominant myoclonus combined with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and/or absences, in early childhood, and discuss its classification. METHODS: Forty-two children were retrospectively recruited between January 2006 and June 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of seizure onset was 40.5months. They were divided into 4 groups: myoclonic seizures alone; predominant myoclonus combined with GTCS; predominant myoclonus combined with absences; predominant myoclonus combined with both GTCS and absences...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738185/mother-and-child-characteristics-at-birth-and-early-age-leukemia-a-case-cohort-population-based-study-in-brazil
#2
Rejane de Souza Reis, Neimar de Paula Silva, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Julio Fernando Pinto Oliveira, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler, Beatriz de Camargo, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The population-based cancer registries (PBCR) and the Information System on Live Births in Brazil (Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos [SINASC]) have information that enables the test for risk factors associated with leukemia at an early age. The aim of this study was to identify maternal and birth characteristics associated with early-age acute leukemia (EAL) in Brazil. METHODS: A case-cohort study was performed using secondary dataset information of PBCR and SINASC...
July 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737881/-bronchial-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-in-childhood-case-report
#3
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Bronchial tumors are rare in children. Most of them are malignant, being the carcinoid tumor the most common. Less frequently the mucoepidermoid carcinoma is found in the tracheobronchial tree. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma accounts for 0.1 to 0.2% of all malignant bronchopulmonary tumors. It manifests with symptoms of airway obstruction and/or recurrent pneumonias. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are of great importance in the prognosis. Bronchoscopy with biopsy of the endobronchial mass is the method of choice to confirm the diagnosis...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737279/exercise-capacity-is-not-decreased-in-children-who-have-undergone-lung-resection-early-in-life-for-congenital-thoracic-malformations-compared-to-healthy-age-matched-children
#4
Ashlee Dunn, Kasey Pearce, Robin Callister, Adam Collison, Matthew Morten, Payal Mandaliya, Lauren Platt, Ben Dascombe, Rajendra Kumar, Hiran Selvadurai, Paul D Robinson, Joerg Mattes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare (i) the exercise capacity and (ii) lung function prior to and immediately post cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) of children who underwent early life lung resection for Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations (CPAM) to healthy control children. METHOD: Eight children with CPAM (four males, age 9.6 ± 1.8 years) and eight control children without respiratory disease (three males, age 9.4 ± 1.4 years) performed a CPET on a cycle ergometer, during which maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max ) and heart rate were measured...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737048/ototoxicity-monitoring-in-children-treated-with-platinum-chemotherapy
#5
Beth Brooks, Kristin Knight
OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence, mechanisms, clinical presentation, risk factors and implications of platinum-induced ototoxicity in paediatric cancer patients based on published evidence, discuss options for monitoring hearing in young children during treatment and review long-term follow-up guidelines. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. RESULTS: Children treated with cisplatin are at high risk of hearing loss and early, accurate identification of ototoxicity is important for medical decision making and hearing rehabilitation...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737004/parent-child-interactions-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study-investigating-emotional-availability-functional-ability-and-parent-distress
#6
J Barfoot, P Meredith, J Ziviani, K Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Emotionally available parent-child relationships are supportive of child health and development. When a child has cerebral palsy, a range of child and parent factors can potentially impact the parent-child relationship; however, little research has specifically addressed this question. The aim of this study is to investigate links between parent-child emotional availability and both child functional abilities and parent distress in a sample of parents and children with cerebral palsy...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736760/self-harm-and-violent-criminality-among-young-people-who-experienced-trauma-related-hospital-admission-during-childhood-a-danish-national-cohort-study
#7
Roger T Webb, Sussie Antonsen, Matthew J Carr, Louis Appleby, Carsten B Pedersen, Pearl L H Mok
BACKGROUND: Development of a better understanding of subsequent pathways for individuals who experienced trauma during childhood might usefully inform clinicians and public health professionals regarding the causes of self-harm and interpersonal violence. We aimed to examine these risks during late adolescence and early adulthood among people admitted to hospital following injuries or poisonings during their childhood. METHODS: This national cohort study included Danish people born between Jan 1, 1977, and Dec 31, 1997, and was linked to the National Patient Register and Psychiatric Central Research Register to identify all people exposed to hospital admissions for injuries or poisonings due to self-harm, interpersonal violence, or accidents before their 15th birthday...
July 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735903/genetics-of-non-syndromic-childhood-obesity-and-the-use-of-high-throughput-dna-sequencing-technologies
#8
REVIEW
Ana Carolina Proença da Fonseca, Claudio Mastronardi, Angad Johar, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Gilberto Paz-Filho
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem associated with the development of several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The elevated prevalence of obesity is mostly due to inadequate diet and lifestyle, but it is also influenced by genetic factors. OBJECTIVES: To review recent advances in the field of the genetics of obesity. We summarize the list of genes associated with the rare non-syndromic forms of obesity, and explain their function...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735698/childhood-predictors-of-adult-functional-outcomes-in-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta
#9
Arunima Roy, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, James M Swanson, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Andrea L Howard
OBJECTIVE: Recent results from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; MTA) have demonstrated impairments in several functioning domains in adults with childhood ADHD. The childhood predictors of these adult functional outcomes are not adequately understood. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of childhood demographic, clinical, and family factors on adult functional outcomes in individuals with and without childhood ADHD from the MTA cohort...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735609/can-teacher-child-relationships-alter-the-effects-of-early-socioeconomic-status-on-achievement-in-middle-childhood
#10
Meghan P McCormick, Erin E O'Connor, E Parham Horn
Using data from the NICHD SECCYD (N=1053), we used two-level hierarchical linear models with site fixed effects to examine whether teacher-child closeness and conflict moderated associations between two indicators of early socioeconomic status (maternal education and family income) and standardized measures of children's math and reading achievement at 54months, 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades. Children whose mothers had lower levels of education and conflictual relationships with teachers exhibited lower reading achievement, on average, across elementary school...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#11
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735165/development-of-selective-attention-in-preschool-age-children-from-lower-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#12
Amanda Hampton Wray, Courtney Stevens, Eric Pakulak, Elif Isbell, Theodore Bell, Helen Neville
Although differences in selective attention skills have been identified in children from lower compared to higher socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds, little is known about these differences in early childhood, a time of rapid attention development. The current study evaluated the development of neural systems for selective attention in children from lower SES backgrounds. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were acquired from 33 children from lower SES and 14 children from higher SES backgrounds during a dichotic listening task...
July 4, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735163/multidimensional-human-capital-formation-in-a-developing-country-health-cognition-and-locus-of-control-in-the-philippines
#13
Kira M Villa
Economic success depends on multiple human capital stocks whose production is interrelated and occurs over many life stages. Yet, much empirical work fails to account for human capital's multidimensional nature and limits its focus to specific childhood stages. Using longitudinal data from the Philippines, I estimate a model of multidimensional human capital formation from birth through adulthood where health, cognitive, and noncognitive dimensions are jointly produced. I examine during which developmental stages parental investment is most influential and address the endogeneity of investment using a policy function where investment depends on child characteristics, exogenous conditions at birth and local prices...
July 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734509/global-disability-empowering-children-of-all-abilities
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca J Scharf, Angelina Maphula, Paige C Pullen, Rita Shrestha, Gaynell Paul Matherne, Reeba Roshan, Beena Koshy
Worldwide, children are often not meeting their developmental potential owing to malnutrition, infection, lack of stimulation, and toxic stress. Children with disabilities are more likely to experience poverty, neglect, and abuse, and are less likely to have adequate access to education and medical care. Early childhood developmental stimulation can improve language, learning, and future participation in communities. Therapeutic supports and endeavors to reduce stigma for people of all abilities strengthen communities and allow for human thriving...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734322/association-between-childhood-to-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-trajectories-and-late-adolescent-disordered-eating
#15
Zeynep Yilmaz, Kristin N Javaras, Jessica H Baker, Laura M Thornton, Paul Lichtenstein, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
PURPOSE: Disordered eating is more prevalent among adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms show strong associations with disordered eating, but few investigations of these associations have been longitudinal. Thus, we examined the effect of childhood to adolescent inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories on late adolescent disordered eating. METHODS: We used growth mixture modeling to identify distinct inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories (called "classes") across three time points (ages 8-9, 13-14, and 16-17 years) in the Swedish Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734233/risk-of-hospitalization-among-survivors-of-childhood-and-adolescent-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-compared-to-siblings-and-a-general-population-sample
#16
Judy Y Ou, Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Sapna Kaul, Mark N Fluchel, Carol Sweeney, Anne C Kirchhoff
BACKGROUND: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) has a high survival rate, but cancer-related late effects in the early post-treatment years need documentation. Hospitalizations are an indicator of the burden of late effects. We identify rates and risk factors for hospitalization from five to ten years after diagnosis for childhood and adolescent ALL survivors compared to siblings and a matched population sample. METHODS: 176 ALL survivors were diagnosed at ≤22 years between 1998 and 2008 and treated at an Intermountain Healthcare facility...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733855/transportability-of-an-evidence-based-early-childhood-intervention-in-a-low-income-african-country-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Keng-Yen Huang, Janet Nakigudde, Dana Rhule, Joy Louise Gumikiriza-Onoria, Gloria Abura, Bukky Kolawole, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Sharon Kim, Edward Seidman, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Laurie Miller Brotman
Children in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are burdened by significant unmet mental health needs. Despite the successes of numerous school-based interventions for promoting child mental health, most evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are not available in SSA. This study investigated the implementation quality and effectiveness of one component of an EBI from a developed country (USA) in a SSA country (Uganda). The EBI component, Professional Development, was provided by trained Ugandan mental health professionals to Ugandan primary school teachers...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732718/longitudinal-latent-cognitive-profiles-and-psychosocial-well-being-in-early-adolescence
#18
Afshin Zilanawala, Amanda Sacker, Yvonne Kelly
PURPOSE: Engaging in exploratory risky behaviors and experiencing poor mental health during early adolescence are important markers for poor health during adulthood. Prior research suggests protective effects from cognition, but less is known about the associations between early childhood cognition and early adolescent psychosocial well-being, as identified by self-esteem, mental health, and exploratory risky behaviors. This article investigates the extent that early adolescent psychosocial well-being at the age of 11 years is associated with patterns of cognitive skills measured across the first decade of a child's life...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732498/a-qualitative-study-on-the-intersectional-social-determinants-for-indigenous-people-who-become-infected-with-hiv-in-their-youth
#19
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must begin with understanding that social determinants are intersectional and linked to the historical legacy of European colonization. In this paper findings that detail the influence of the intersectional social determinants on Indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth are presented...
July 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732475/associations-between-childhood-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesogenic-behaviors-and-practices-in-australian-homes
#20
Seema Mihrshahi, Bradley A Drayton, Adrian E Bauman, Louise L Hardy
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging research about the role of the family and home environment on early childhood obesity, little is known on how weight-related behaviors, parent practices and the home environment influence overweight/obesity in older children and adolescents. METHODS: This analysis used data from a cross-sectional, representative population survey of Australian children age 5-16 years conducted in 2015. Data included measured anthropometry to calculate body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR; waist circumference/height)...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
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