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Gordon D Logan, Jana E Ulrich, Dakota R B Lindsey
Fine motor skills like typing involve a mapping problem that trades Fitts' law against Hick's law. Eight fingers have to be mapped onto 26 keys. Movement time increases with distance, so Fitts' law is optimized by recruiting more fingers. Choice difficulty increases with the number of alternatives, so Hick's law is optimized by recruiting fewer fingers. The effect of the number of alternatives decreases with consistent practice, so skilled typists achieve a balance between Fitts' law and Hick's law through learning...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
Paweł Paśko, Tomasz Rodacki, Renata Domagała-Rodacka, Danuta Owczarek
Background Overactive bladder syndrome is a condition where one or more of the symptoms such as pollakiuria, urgent need to urinate, nocturia and urinary incontinence is observed. Its prevalence ranges between 7 and 27 % in men and 9-43 % in women. The role of a pharmacist is to educate the patient on medications administration scheme, and drug interactions with particular food or food components. Aim of the review To assess a potential impact of food and fruit juice on the pharmacokinetic and therapeutic effects of medications used in treating overactive bladder syndrome...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Bijan J Borah, Yang Qiu, Nilay D Shah, Patrick P Gleason
BACKGROUND: The Medicare 5-Star Rating System measures and provides incentive for improving Medicare Part D plans through a quality-based payment program. Adherence to medications for chronic conditions is key to the Star ratings. Our objective was to assess the impact of direct-to-provider letters on improving medication adherence. METHODS: Members of a large US pharmacy benefits manager (PBM) who did not adhere to prescription of oral diabetes (antidiabetics), cholesterol-reducing (statins), or hypertension (renin angiotensin system [RAS] antagonists) drug therapy were identified from the prescriptions claims data of>600,000 continuously enrolled Medicare members...
September 2016: Healthcare
Sonia Khurana, Bhamini Krishna Rao, Leslie Edward S Lewis, Ramesh Bhat, Jayashree Purkayastha, Asha Kamath, Senthil Kumaran Dharmaraj
INTRODUCTION: Facilitation of child development is usually emphasized in the form of early intervention classes and practical demonstrations. However, non-adherence to home program for such interventions has been reported due to various reasons. AIM: To develop and validate an educational leaflet as a supplement guide for caregivers to promote better development of their child during 4-6 months of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in-depth literature review and focus group discussion with the experts was conducted to formulate the content of leaflet...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
A Schäffler, B König, B Feinauer, T Freude, U Stöckle, F Stuby
Introduction: Pelvic ring injuries occur in 3-8 % of patients with fractures. They are rare, with an annual incidence of only 19-37 per 100,000 people annually. There have been publications on the generation of these injuries, as well as their diagnosis and treatment concepts, but there is little information on how these injuries impact the ability to work. Patients: The study covered all hospitalised patients between January 2003 and December 2011 with a pelvic ring injury, who had already been included in the data collection of the AG Becken III and who had had a work-related accident...
September 9, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Marc L Fleming, Larry Driver, Sujit S Sansgiry, Susan M Abughosh, Matthew Wanat, Ruta V Sawant, Erin Ferries, Kathleen Reeve, Knox H Todd
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) rescheduled hydrocodone combination products (HCPs) in an attempt to mitigate the prescription opioid epidemic. Many in the medical and pharmacy community expressed concerns of unintended consequences as a result of rescheduling. OBJECTIVES: This study examined physicians' intentions to prescribe HCPs after rescheduling using the framework of the theory of reasoned action (TRA). METHODS: A cover letter containing a link to the online questionnaire was sent to physicians of the Texas Medical Association who were likely to prescribe opioids...
July 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Shervin Farahmand, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Hojjat Sheikh Mottahar Vahedi, Amirhossein Jahanshir
BACKGROUND: In Iran, few studies have evaluated emergency medicine as a career option. In the present study, we aimed to find out how Iranian emergency-medicine specialists view their specialty as a career. METHODS: Following a qualitative study, a Likert-scale questionnaire was developed. Iranian emergency physician specialists who had at least two years' job experience were contacted via email. A uniform link to a Web-based survey and a cover letter that explained the survey were sent to the recipients...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shahida Moosa, Virginia Fano, Maria Gabriela Obregon, Janine Altmüller, Holger Thiele, Peter Nürnberg, Gen Nishimura, Bernd Wollnik
The cover image, by Shahida Moosa et al., is based on the Research Letter A novel homozygous PAM16 mutation in a patient with a milder phenotype and longer survival, DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.37823.
September 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Arnav Agarwal, Dany Raad, Victor Kairouz, John Fudyma, Anne B Curtis, Holger J Schünemann, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: There is sufficient evidence that monetary incentives are effective in increasing survey response rates in the general population as well as with physicians. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a monetary incentive intended for administrative assistants on the survey response rate of physicians in leadership positions. METHODS: This was an ancillary study to a national survey of chairs of academic Departments of Medicine in the United States about measuring faculty productivity...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
M B Nielsen, K Seitz
The impact factor (IF) for 2015 was recently released and this could be the time to once again reflect on its use as a metric of a journal. Problems and concerns regarding the IF have been addressed extensively elsewhere 1 2. The principle of the IF for a given year is that it represents the average number of citations of articles published in the journal in the two previous years.While authors frequently cite the IF as a determining factor for submission, the IF does not predict how many times individual articles will be cited...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Tammi Walker, Jenny Shaw, Clive Turpin, Chris Roberts, Catherine Reid, Kathryn Abel
BACKGROUND: Self-harm rates among imprisoned women in the UK are extremely high and there are limited psychological therapies available to support them in prison. This paper presents women's subjective accounts of receiving good-bye letters at the end of brief psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (PIT) and how these letters positively impacted on their incidents of self-harm. AIMS: This study presents the accounts of 13 imprisoned women who self-harmed and received letters following completion of a minimum of four sessions of brief PIT in prison...
July 22, 2016: Crisis
Richard Holloway, Aaron Domack, Robert Treat, Koenraad De Roo
IMPORTANCE: The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE)--formerly called the dean's letter--is an important tool for residency program directors to use in assessing student qualifications for both invitation to interview and construction of their rank order list. Many institutions are now allowing students to construct their own Unique Characteristics (UC) section for the MSPE. This study addresses the results of allowing students to construct their own UC. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to allow students to voice their thoughts regarding their participation in the construction of the UC section of the MSPE...
June 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
Tongliang Liu, Dacheng Tao, Dong Xu
The k-dimensional coding schemes refer to a collection of methods that attempt to represent data using a set of representative k-dimensional vectors and include nonnegative matrix factorization, dictionary learning, sparse coding, k-means clustering, and vector quantization as special cases. Previous generalization bounds for the reconstruction error of the k-dimensional coding schemes are mainly dimensionality-independent. A major advantage of these bounds is that they can be used to analyze the generalization error when data are mapped into an infinite- or high-dimensional feature space...
October 2016: Neural Computation
Daryl E Miller, Teresa E Roane, Jennifer A Salo, Heather C Hardin
BACKGROUND: Medication therapy management (MTM) programs were first introduced as a result of the 2003 Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act. Since then, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) have established minimum requirements for health plans to follow in establishing patient eligibility for enrollment in these programs. The eligibility criteria are based on projected annual Part D medication costs, number of chronic disease states, and number of chronic Part D covered medications...
July 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Aurélie Calabrèse, Jean-Baptiste Bernard, Géraldine Faure, Louis Hoffart, Eric Castet
PURPOSE: To describe and quantify a largely unnoticed oculomotor pattern that often occurs when patients with central field loss (CFL) read continuous text: Horizontal distribution of eye fixations dramatically varies across sentences and often reveals clusters. Also to statistically analyze the effect of this new factor on reading speed while controlling for the effect of saccadic amplitude (measured in letters per forward saccade, L/FS), an established oculomotor effect. METHODS: Quantification of nonuniformity of eye fixations (NUF factor) was based on statistical analysis of the curvature of fixation distributions...
June 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Theingi Aung, Richard Haynes, Jill Barton, Jolyon Cox, Aleksandra Murawska, Kevin Murphy, Michael Lay, Jane Armitage, Louise Bowman
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials require cost-effective methods for identifying, randomising, and following large numbers of people in order to generate reliable evidence. ASCEND (A Study of Cardiovascular Events iN Diabetes) is a randomised '2 × 2 factorial design' study of aspirin and omega-3 fatty acid supplements for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in people with diabetes; this study used central disease registers and a mail-based approach to identify, randomise, and follow 15,000 people...
2016: Trials
Caitlin Leach, Cherokee Layson-Wolf
OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the general perceptions and attitudes of community pharmacy residents toward transgender patients and health; 2) to identify gaps in didactic education regarding transgender health care among residents; and 3) to evaluate residents' level of support for pharmacists receiving education in transgender health care. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey delivered online. Community residency directors were e-mailed a cover letter and a 34-question online survey...
July 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Zabidi A Zabidi-Hussin
Having an organized, structured thinking process is critical in medicine. It is through this thinking process that enables one to go through the method of history-taking, which will eventually lead to making a definitive diagnosis and all other processes that follow. The use of mnemonic has been found to be useful for this purpose. The mnemonic VITAMINSABCDEK, is a convenient and practical way to assist in expanding the differential diagnoses and covers all possible causes of an illness. It is also easy to remember, as the vitamins whose letters are represented in this mnemonic cover the entire range of vitamins known...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Nayara D Coutinho, Vincenzo Aquilanti, Valter H C Silva, Ademir J Camargo, Kleber C Mundim, Heibbe C B de Oliveira
Among four-atom processes, the reaction OH + HBr → H2O + Br is one of the most studied experimentally: its kinetics has manifested an unusual anti-Arrhenius behavior, namely, a marked decrease of the rate constant as the temperature increases, which has intrigued theoreticians for a long time. Recently, salient features of the potential energy surface have been characterized and most kinetic aspects can be considered as satisfactorily reproduced by classical trajectory simulations. Motivation of the work reported in this paper is the investigation of the stereodirectional dynamics of this reaction as the prominent reason for the peculiar kinetics: we started in a previous Letter ( J...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Michael Sauer
Microbial production of acetone and butanol was one of the first large-scale industrial fermentation processes of global importance. During the first part of the 20th century, it was indeed the second largest fermentation process, superseded in importance only by the ethanol fermentation. After a rapid decline after the 1950s, acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation has recently gained renewed interest in the context of biorefinery approaches for the production of fuels and chemicals from renewable resources...
July 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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