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Xenoestrogens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929027/the-role-of-polycarbonate-monomer-bisphenol-a-in-insulin-resistance
#1
Milos Pjanic
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic unit of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, the types of plastics that could be found in essentially every human population and incorporated into almost every aspect of the modern human society. BPA polymers appear in a wide range of products, from liquid storages (plastic bottles, can and glass linings, water pipes and tanks) and food storages (plastics wraps and containers), to medical and dental devices. BPA polymers could be hydrolyzed spontaneously or in a photo- or temperature-catalyzed process, providing widespread environmental distribution and chronic exposure to the BPA monomer in contemporary human populations...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918339/interference-of-dibutylphthalate-on-human-prostate-cell-viability
#2
Mariana Di Lorenzo, Maurizio Forte, Salvatore Valiante, Vincenza Laforgia, Maria De Falco
Dibutylphthalate (DBP) is an environmental pollutant widely used as plasticizer in a variety of industrial applications worldwide. This agent can be found in personal-care products, children's toy, pharmaceuticals, food products. Exposure to DBP can occur via ingestion and inhalation as well as intravenous or skin contact. DBP belongs to the family of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and its effects on reproductive system were demonstrated both in vivo and in vitro. In the present study we evaluated the effects of DBP on human prostate adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (LNCaP) in order to highlight xenoestrogens influence on human prostate...
September 14, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895797/neuroendocrine-disruption-of-organizational-and-activational-hormone-programming-in-poikilothermic-vertebrates
#3
REVIEW
Cheryl S Rosenfeld, Nancy D Denslow, Edward F Orlando, Juan Manuel Gutierrez-Villagomez, Vance L Trudeau
In vertebrates, sexual differentiation of the reproductive system and brain is tightly orchestrated by organizational and activational effects of endogenous hormones. In mammals and birds, the organizational period is typified by a surge of sex hormones during differentiation of specific neural circuits; whereas activational effects are dependent upon later increases in these same hormones at sexual maturation. Depending on the reproductive organ or brain region, initial programming events may be modulated by androgens or require conversion of androgens to estrogens...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882797/modification-of-the-plasma-complement-protein-profile-by-exogenous-estrogens-is-indicative-of-a-compromised-immune-competence-in-marine-medaka-oryzias-melastigma
#4
Miao Dong, Frauke Seemann, Joseph L Humble, Yimin Liang, Drew R Peterson, Rui Ye, Honglin Ren, Hui-Su Kim, Jae-Seong Lee, Doris W T Au, Yun Wah Lam
Growing evidence suggests that the immune system of teleost is vulnerable to xenoestrogens, which are ubiquitous in the marine environment. This study detected and identified the major circulatory immune proteins deregulated by 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), which may be linked to fish susceptibility to pathogens in the marine medaka, Oryzias melastigma. Fish immune competence was determined using a host resistance assay to pathogenic bacteria Edwardsiella tarda. Females were consistently more susceptible to infection-induced mortality than males...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875311/bisphenol-a-exposure-perturbs-visual-function-of-adult-cats-by-remodeling-the-neuronal-activity-in-the-primary-visual-pathway
#5
Guangwei Xu, Fan Hu, Xuan Wang, Bing Zhang, Yifeng Zhou
Bisphenol A (BPA), a common environmental xenoestrogen, has been implicated in physiological and behavioral impairment, but the neuronal basis remains elusive. Although various synaptic mechanisms have been shown to mediate BPA-induced brain deficits, there are almost no reports addressing its underlying physiological mechanisms at the individual neuron level, particularly in the primary visual system. In the present study, using multiple-channel recording technique, we recorded the responses of single neurons in the primary visual system of cats to various direction stimuli both before and after BPA exposure...
September 5, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855101/in-vitro-observations-and-in-silico-predictions-of-xenoestrogen-mixture-effects-in-t47d-based-receptor-transactivation-and-proliferation-assays
#6
Nina Schlotz, Gwang-Jin Kim, Stefan Jäger, Stefan Günther, Evelyn Lamy
Within endocrine disruptor research, evaluation and interpretation of mixture effects and the predictive value for downstream responses still warrant more in-depth investigations. We used an estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated reporter gene assay (ER-CALUX®) and a cell proliferation assay (WST-1 assay), both based on the T47D breast cancer cell line, to test mixtures of heterogeneous xenoestrogens. Observed concentration-response curves were compared to those predicted by the concepts of concentration addition (CA), generalized concentration addition (GCA), and a novel full logistic model (FLM)...
August 30, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852612/bisphenol-a-impairs-synaptic-plasticity-by-both-pre-and-postsynaptic-mechanisms
#7
Fan Hu, Tingting Li, Huarui Gong, Zhi Chen, Yan Jin, Guangwei Xu, Ming Wang
Bisphenol A (BPA), an environmental xenoestrogen, has been reported to induce learning and memory impairments in rodent animals. However, effects of BPA exposure on synaptic plasticity and the underlying physiological mechanisms remain elusive. Our behavioral and electrophysiological analyses show that BPA obviously perturbs hippocampal spatial memory of juvenile Sprague-Dawley rats after four weeks exposure, with significantly impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. These effects involve decreased spine density of pyramidal neurons, especially the apical dendritic spine...
August 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841159/bisphenol-a-and-metabolic-diseases-challenges-for-occupational-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Lidia Caporossi, Bruno Papaleo
The prevalence of metabolic diseases has markedly increased worldwide during the last few decades. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, energy-dense diets), together with a genetic predisposition, are well known factors in the pathophysiology of health problems. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound used for polycarbonate plastics, food containers, epoxy resins coating metallic cans for food and beverage conservation. The ability of BPA to act as an endocrine disruptor-xenoestrogen in particular-is largely documented in literature, with numerous publications of in vivo and in vitro studies as well as epidemiological data on humans...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820486/urinary-levels-of-4-nonylphenol-and-4-t-octylphenol-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-korean-adult-population
#9
Hyejin Park, Kisok Kim
4-Nonylphenol (4-NP) and 4-t-octylphenol (4-t-OP) are xenoestrogen compounds to which humans are exposed via contaminated food, water, and air. This study assessed the body burden of 4-NP and 4-t-OP in Koreans aged 18-69 years using data from the Korean National Human Biomonitoring Survey conducted in 2009. Based on data from 1865 representative Koreans, 83.2% and 91.8% had urinary 4-NP and 4-t-OP concentrations >0.05 ng/mL (limit of detection). Of the Korean adult population, the geometric mean urinary concentrations of 4-NP and 4-t-OP were 3...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807876/molecular-insights-on-xenoestrogenic-potential-of-zearalenone-14-glucoside-through-a-mixed-in%C3%A2-vitro-in-silico-approach
#10
Luca Dellafiora, Roberta Ruotolo, Alessio Perotti, Martina Cirlini, Gianni Galaverna, Pietro Cozzini, Annamaria Buschini, Chiara Dall'Asta
The mycotoxin zearalenone may contaminate food and feed worldwide upon infections by Fusarium spp. of plants and raw materials intended for human and animal consumption. Currently, contamination by zearalenone and congeners pose concern for health due to xenoestrogenic effects. However, while zearalenone and the main reduced metabolites are well-known xenoestrogens, some plant metabolites that may enter the food chain have been observed aside. Among them, zearalenone-14-glucoside may be abundant in the edible parts of infected plants, thereby entering significantly the human diet and animal feeding...
August 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795111/data-describing-lack-of-effects-of-17%C3%AE-ethinyl-estradiol-on-mammary-gland-morphology-in-female-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#11
Charlotte D LaPlante, Laura N Vandenberg
Ethinyl estradiol (EE) is a synthetic estrogen used in pharmaceutical contraceptives. In many studies evaluating estrogenic endocrine disruptors, EE is used as a positive control for estrogenicity. However, the effects of EE often differ from the effects of other xenoestrogens, suggesting that these other compounds might act via distinct mechanisms. Reported here are data describing the effect of low doses of EE during pregnancy and lactation on the morphology of the lactating mammary gland in CD-1 mice. The data suggest that these low doses have few if any discernable effects on mammary gland morphology...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763032/a-chip-for-estrogen-receptor-action-detection-of-biomarkers-released-by-mcf-7-cells-through-estrogenic-and-anti-estrogenic-effects
#12
Konstanze Gier, Claudia Preininger, Ursula Sauer
The fluorescence-based multi-analyte chip platform for the analysis of estrogenic and anti-estrogenic substances is a new in vitro tool for the high throughput screening of environmental samples. In contrast to existing tools, the chip investigates the complex action of xenoestrogens in a human cell model by characterizing protein expression. It allows for the quantification of 10 proteins secreted by MCF-7 cells, representing various biological and pathological endpoints of endocrine action and distinguishing between estrogen- and anti-estrogen-dependent secretion of proteins...
August 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736173/low-doses-of-17%C3%AE-ethinyl-estradiol-alter-the-maternal-brain-and-induce-stereotypies-in-cd-1-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#13
Mary C Catanese, Laura N Vandenberg
Maternal care is critical for the survival, development and long-term success of offspring. Despite our current understanding of the role of endogenous estrogen in both maternal behavior and the maternal brain, the potential effects of exogenous estrogens on these endpoints remain poorly understood. Here, pregnant CD-1 mice were exposed to low doses of 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), commonly used as a positive control in studies of other xenoestrogens, from day 9 of pregnancy until weaning. Using traditional maternal behavior assays, we document no significant changes in maternal behavior throughout the lactational period...
July 21, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735517/metallothionein-expression-and-synthesis-in-the-testis-of-the-lizard-podarcis-sicula-under-natural-conditions-and-following-estrogenic-exposure
#14
Mariailaria Verderame, Ermelinda Limatola, Rosaria Scudiero
Metallothionein (MT) is the main protein involved in the homeostasis of metallic micronutrients and in cellular defence against heavy metals and reactive oxygen species. Found in almost all vertebrate tissues, MT presence and localization in the testis has been controversial. In the present study, by using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis we assessed the localization of both MT transcript and protein in Podarcis sicula testes during two different phases of the reproductive cycle: the autumnal resumption and the spring-early summer mating period...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717100/inhibitory-modulation-of-human-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-activities-by-dicyclohexyl-phthalate-in-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#15
Hiroyuki Okazaki, Shuso Takeda, Saki Matsuo, Masaya Matsumoto, Erika Furuta, Eriko Kohro-Ikeda, Hironori Aramaki
Phthalate esters (PAEs) are man-made compounds that are used widely in industry, and the ubiquitous exposure of humans to PAEs has been reported. Although some PAEs have been suggested to function as xenoestrogens in in vitro systems, such as human estrogen receptors (ERs) expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, few studies have attempted to elucidate whether PAEs affect human ERα/ERβ-mediated signaling in human breast cancer cells (i.e., combination between human ERs and human cells). Thus, further experiments are needed in order to clarify the activities of PAEs...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710737/effect-of-rice-straw-biochar-on-selective-biodegradation-of-nonylphenols-in-isomer-specificity
#16
Lingdan Yao, Lixiao Wang, Guanghuan Cheng, Qian Huang, Baolan Hu, Jingrang Lu, Liping Lou
In a previous study, we found that rice-straw biochar degraded and removed hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) through coupled adsorption-biodegradation. However, few studies have determined whether biochar affects HOC isomer degradation and isomer-selective biodegradation or whether biochar can alter HOC isomer features, resulting in changes to HOC isomer residues in water environments. In this study, the effects of biochar at two dosages (0.001 and 0.01 g) on the biodegradation of ten isomers of a typical xenoestrogen of nonylphenol (NP) were evaluated...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703301/the-xenoestrogens-biphenol-a-and-nonylphenol-differentially-regulate-metalloprotease-mediated-shedding-of-egfr-ligands
#17
Paulina Urriola-Muñoz, Xue Li, Thorsten Maretzky, David R McIlwain, Tak W Mak, Juan G Reyes, Carl P Blobel, Ricardo D Moreno
The xenoestrogens bisphenol-A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) are endocrine disruptors used in the plastic polymer industry to manufacture different products for human use. Previous studies have suggested a role of these compounds in the shedding of signaling molecules, such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of BPA and NP on the sheddase ADAM17 and its newly discovered regulators iRhom1 and iRhom2 in the release of EGFR-ligands. We report that BPA and NP can stimulate the release of the ADAM17-substrates HB-EGF and TGF-α...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622991/transcription-of-ribogenesis-genes-in-fish-gonads-applications-in-the-identification-of-stages-of-oogenesis-and-in-environmental-monitoring-of-intersex-condition
#18
Iratxe Rojo-Bartolomé, Ainara Valencia, Ibon Cancio
One of the best described effects of environmental xenoestrogens in fish is the generation of intersex gonads in males. Considering 5S rRNA a marker of the presence of oocytes, a 5S/18S rRNA index was calculated in 296 thicklip grey mullets (Chelon labrosus) from polluted environments. In addition, qPCR analysis of transcription factors gtf3a and ubtf1, related respectively to 5S and 18S rRNA synthesis, was conducted along female-oogenesis. 5S/18S rRNA index identified sex with a threshold value of 0.4521 separating males from females...
June 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549265/facile-screening-of-potential-xenoestrogens-by-an-estrogen-receptor-based-reusable-optical-biosensor
#19
Lanhua Liu, Xiaohong Zhou, Yun Lu, Didi Shan, Bi Xu, Miao He, Hanchang Shi, Yi Qian
The apparent increase in hormone-induced cancers and disorders of the reproductive tract has led to a growing demand for new technologies capable of screening xenoestrogens. We reported an estrogen receptor (ER)-based reusable fiber biosensor for facile screening estrogenic compounds in environment. The bioassay is based on the competition of xenoestrogens with 17β-estradiol (E2) for binding to the recombinant receptor of human estrogen receptor α (hERα) protein, leaving E2 free to bind to fluorophore-labeled anti-E2 monoclonal antibody...
May 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521190/simultaneous-determination-of-bisphenol-a-and-estrogens-in-hair-samples-by-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Chaelin Lee, Chong Hyeak Kim, Sunghwan Kim, Sung-Hee Cho
Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disrupter, is widely used to make chemicals for polycarbonate, plastics, beverage containers, epoxy resins, and cash register receipts. BPA is one of the known xenoestrogens, which have weak estrogenic activity and cause obesity, diabetes, breast cancer, and reproductive disorders. Even though the concentration level of metabolomes in hair is usually lower than that in urine and blood, there are several reasons why we chose to use hair samples. First, the sampling procedure of hairs is simple...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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