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Xenoestrogens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718440/low-dose-of-bisphenol-a-modulates-ovarian-cancer-gene-expression-profile-and-promotes-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-canonical-wnt-pathway
#1
Lin Hui, Hongyi Li, Guang Lu, Zhifeng Chen, Wenjie Sun, Yu Shi, Zhiqin Fu, Bo Huang, Xinqiang Zhu, Weiguo Lu, Dajing Xia, Yihua Wu
The xenoestrogen bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic endocrine disrupting chemical, having the potential to increase the risk of hormone-dependent ovarian cancer. Thus, a deeper understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms is urgently required in the novel cell models of ovarian cancer which express estrogen receptors. To understand the possible mechanisms underlying the effects of BPA, human ovarian adenocarcinoma SKOV3 cells were exposed to BPA (10 or 100 nM) or 0.1% DMSO for 24 h, and then global gene expression profile was determined by high-throughput RNA sequencing...
April 27, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715189/co-exposure-to-endocrine-disruptors-effect-of-bisphenol-a-and-soy-extract-on-glucose-homeostasis-and-related-metabolic-disorders-in-male-mice
#2
Masoud Veissi, Sima Jafarirad, Akram Ahangarpour, Seyede Marjan Mohaghegh, Amal Saki Malehi
OBJECTIVES: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a xenoestrogen, which is commonly used as a monomer of polycarbonate plastics food containers and epoxy resins. Little is known about the interaction effects between xeno- and phyto- estrogens on glucose homeostasis or other metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine effects of individual or combined exposure to low doses of BPA and soy extract on glucose metabolism in mice with the goal to establish its potential mechanisms. METHODS: Fifty-four male mice were randomly divided into six groups...
April 1, 2018: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710659/the-promising-future-of-nano-antioxidant-therapy-against-environmental-pollutants-induced-toxicities
#3
REVIEW
Aziz Eftekhari, Solmaz Maleki Dizaj, Leila Chodari, Senem Sunar, Amir Hasanzadeh, Elham Ahmadian, Mohammad Hasanzadeh
Developmental toxicity caused by exposure to a mixture of environmental pollutants has become a major health concern. Human-made chemicals, including xenoestrogens, pesticides, heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are major factors that increase formation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and adversely influence endogen antioxidant defense. Humans have evolved complex antioxidants systems that protect cells from prooxidant conditions. Deficiency of any these components can cause destruction in the overall antioxidant status of an individual...
April 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707753/identification-of-acetylated-derivatives-of-zearalenone-as-novel-plant-metabolites-by-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#4
Laura Righetti, Luca Dellafiora, Daniele Cavanna, Enrico Rolli, Gianni Galaverna, Renato Bruni, Michele Suman, Chiara Dall'Asta
Zearalenone (ZEN) major biotransformation pathways described so far are based on glycosylation and sulfation, although acetylation of trichothecenes has been reported as well. We investigated herein the ZEN acetylation metabolism route in micropropagated durum wheat leaf, artificially contaminated with ZEN. We report the first experimental evidence of the formation of novel ZEN acetylated forms in wheat, attached both to the aglycone backbone as well as on the glucose moiety. Thanks to the advantages provided by high-resolution mass spectrometry, identification and structure annotation of 20 metabolites was achieved...
April 30, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608946/phytoestrogens-and-mycoestrogens-interacting-with-breast-cancer-proteins
#5
Diana Montes-Grajales, Esperanza Martínez-Romero, Jesus Olivero-Verbel
Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease influenced by the hormonal microenvironment and the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Some phytoestrogens and mycoestrogens have been epidemiologically linked as risk factors or protectors, however their mechanisms of action are complex and not fully understood. The aim of this study was to predict the potential of 36 natural xenoestrogens to interact with 189 breast cancer proteins using AutoDock Vina. In order to validate our protocol, an in silico docking pose and binding site determination was compared with the crystallographic structure and the power of prediction to distinguish between ligand and decoys was evaluated though a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) of the resultant docking affinities and in vitro data...
March 30, 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526645/low-dose-bisphenol-s-or-ethinyl-estradiol-exposures-during-the-perinatal-period-alter-female-mouse-mammary-gland-development
#6
SriDurgaDevi Kolla, Mary Morcos, Brian Martin, Laura N Vandenberg
Throughout life, mammary tissue is strongly influenced by hormones. Scientists have hypothesized that synthetic chemicals with hormonal activities could disrupt mammary gland development and contribute to breast diseases and dysfunction. Bisphenol S (BPS) is an estrogenic compound used in many consumer products. In this study, CD-1 mice were exposed to BPS (2 or 200 μg/kg/day) during pregnancy and lactation. Mice exposed to 0.01 or 1 μg/kg/day ethinyl estradiol (EE2), a pharmaceutical estrogen, were also evaluated...
March 8, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515057/reconsidering-the-roles-of-endogenous-estrogens-and-xenoestrogens-the-membrane-estradiol-receptor-g-protein-coupled-receptor-30-gpr30-mediates-the-effects-of-various-estrogens
#7
Hiroya Kadokawa, Kiran Pandey, Kereilwe Onalenna, Asrafun Nahar
Estrone (E1) and estriol (E3) are considered "weak" estrogens, which exert suppressive effects through estrogen receptors α and β. However, recent studies have demonstrated that E1 and E3, as well as estradiol (E2), suppress gonadotropin-releasing hormone-induced luteinizing hormone secretion from bovine gonadotrophs via G-protein-coupled receptor 30, which is expressed in various reproductive organs. Currently, there is a lack of fundamental knowledge regarding E1 and E3, including their blood levels...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490136/molecular-mechanism-of-alternative-p450-catalyzed-metabolism-of-environmental-phenolic-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals
#8
Li Ji, Shujing Ji, Chenchen Wang, Kasper P Kepp
Understanding the bioactivation mechanisms to predict toxic metabolites is critical for risk assessment of phenolic endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). One mechanism involves ipso-substitution, which may contribute to the total turnover of phenolic EDCs, yet the detailed mechanism and its relationship with other mechanisms are unknown. We used density functional theory to investigate the P450-catalyzed ipso-substitution mechanism of the prominent xenoestrogen bisphenol A. The ipso-substitution proceeds via H-abstraction from bisphenol A by Compound I, followed by essentially barrierless OH-rebound onto the ipso-position forming a quinol, which can spontaneously decompose into the carbocation and hydroquinone...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487996/genetic-variation-in-sensitivity-to-estrogens-and-breast-cancer-risk
#9
D Joseph Jerry, James D Shull, Darryl L Hadsell, Monique Rijnkels, Karen A Dunphy, Sallie S Schneider, Laura N Vandenberg, Prabin Dhangada Majhi, Celia Byrne, Amy Trentham-Dietz
Breast cancer risk is intimately intertwined with exposure to estrogens. While more than 160 breast cancer risk loci have been identified in humans, genetic interactions with estrogen exposure remain to be established. Strains of rodents exhibit striking differences in their responses to endogenous ovarian estrogens (primarily 17β-estradiol). Similar genetic variation has been observed for synthetic estrogen agonists (ethinyl estradiol) and environmental chemicals that mimic the actions of estrogens (xenoestrogens)...
February 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479338/the-effects-of-low-dose-bisphenol-a-and-bisphenol-f-on-neural-differentiation-of-a-fetal-brain-derived-neural-progenitor-cell-line
#10
Yuki Fujiwara, Wataru Miyazaki, Noriyuki Koibuchi, Takahiko Katoh
Environmental chemicals are known to disrupt the endocrine system in humans and to have adverse effects on several organs including the developing brain. Recent studies indicate that exposure to environmental chemicals during gestation can interfere with neuronal differentiation, subsequently affecting normal brain development in newborns. Xenoestrogen, bisphenol A (BPA), which is widely used in plastic products, is one such chemical. Adverse effects of exposure to BPA during pre- and postnatal periods include the disruption of brain function...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415446/melatonin-a-molecule-for-reducing-breast-cancer-risk
#11
REVIEW
Alicia González-González, María Dolores Mediavilla, Emilio J Sánchez-Barceló
The objective of this article is to review the basis supporting the usefulness of melatonin as an adjuvant therapy for breast cancer (BC) prevention in several groups of individuals at high risk for this disease. Melatonin, as a result of its antiestrogenic and antioxidant properties, as well as its ability to improve the efficacy and reduce the side effects of conventional antiestrogens, could safely be associated with the antiestrogenic drugs presently in use. In individuals at risk of BC due to night shift work, the light-induced inhibition of melatonin secretion, with the consequent loss of its antiestrogenic effects, would be countered by administering this neurohormone...
February 6, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382535/mehp-promotes-the-proliferation-of-cervical-cancer-via-gper-mediated-activation-of-akt
#12
Weili Yang, Wen Tan, Jingfei Zheng, Biyan Zhang, Hongfeng Li, Xuehe Li
Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in females worldwide and the second leading cause of mortality among women. Estrogenic signals can regulate the progression of cervical cancer, however, little is known about the mono-2-ethyhexyl phthalate (MEHP), an environmental xenoestrogen, on the development of cervical cancers. Our present data showed that nanomolar concentrations of MEHP can trigger the proliferation, while not invasion, of cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cells, which was confirmed by the results that MEHP can also increase the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368148/the-determination-of-zearalenone-and-its-major-metabolites-in-endometrial-cancer-tissues
#13
Martyna Pajewska, Mariusz Łojko, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Tomasz Kowalkowski, Bogusław Buszewski, Renata Gadzała-Kopciuch
Endometrial cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women. The search for factors that contribute to the development of cancer cells in reproductive organs should involve the detection of xenoestrogens, in particular zearalenone (ZEA) and its metabolites. Xenoestrogens are endocrine disruptors-ZEA and its metabolites are structurally similar to estrogens (macrocyclic lactone ring) and show high affinity for estrogen receptors. This study proposes a new method for the preparation of samples of human tissues with endometrial cancer by the use of the QuEChERS technique...
January 24, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348811/disconnecting-the-estrogen-receptor-binding-properties-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-parabens-through-3-5-substitution
#14
Bridget L Bergquist, Kaelyn G Jefferson, Hailey N Kintz, Amorette E Barber, Andrew A Yeagley
Commercially utilized parabens are employed for their antimicrobial properties, but a weak binding to the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα ) may lead to breast cancer in some applications. Modification of the paraben scaffold should allow for a disconnection of these observed properties. Toward this goal, various 3,5-substituted parabens were synthesized and assessed for antimicrobial properties against S. aureus as well as competitive binding to the ERα . The minimum inhibitory concentration assay confirmed retention of antimicrobial activity in many of these derivatives, while all compounds exhibited decreased xenoestrogen activity as determined by a combination of competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), proliferation, and estrogen receptor binding assay...
January 11, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340879/diethylstilbestrol-arrested-spermatogenesis-and-somatic-growth-in-the-juveniles-of-yellow-catfish-pelteobagrus-fulvidraco-a-fish-with-sexual-dimorphic-growth
#15
Zhi-Hao Liu, Qi-Liang Chen, Qiang Chen, Fang Li, Ying-Wen Li
In fish, spermatogenesis and somatic growth are mainly regulated by hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) and hypothalamic-pituitary-somatic (HPS) axes, respectively. Xenoestrogens have been reported to impair spermatogenesis in some fishes, and arrest somatic growth in some others, whereas, whether xenoestrogens are capable of disrupting spermatogenesis and somatic growth simultaneously in fish that exhibits sexual dimorphic growth is little known, and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, male juveniles of yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), which exhibits a sexual dimorphic growth that favors males, were exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) for 28 days...
January 16, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337187/metabolomics-reveals-that-dietary-xenoestrogens-alter-cellular-metabolism-induced-by-palbociclib-letrozole-combination-cancer-therapy
#16
Benedikt Warth, Philipp Raffeiner, Ana Granados, Tao Huan, Mingliang Fang, Erica M Forsberg, H Paul Benton, Laura Goetz, Caroline H Johnson, Gary Siuzdak
Recently, the palbociclib/letrozole combination therapy was granted accelerated US FDA approval for the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Since the underlying metabolic effects of these drugs are yet unknown, we investigated their synergism at the metabolome level in MCF-7 cells. As xenoestrogens interact with the ER, we additionally aimed at deciphering the impact of the phytoestrogen genistein and the estrogenic mycotoxin zearalenone. A global metabolomics approach was applied to unravel metabolite and pathway modifications...
March 15, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329852/an-integrated-in-silico-in-vitro-approach-to-assess-the-xenoestrogenic-potential-of-alternaria-mycotoxins-and-metabolites
#17
Luca Dellafiora, Benedikt Warth, Verena Schmidt, Giorgia Del Favero, Hannes Mikula, Johannes Fröhlich, Doris Marko
Xenoestrogenic mycotoxins may contaminate food and feed posing a public health issue. Besides the zearalenone group, the Alternaria toxin alternariol (AOH) has been described as a potential mycoestrogen. However, the estrogenicity of Alternaria toxins is still largely overlooked and further data are needed to better describe the group toxicity. In the frame of risk assessment, mixed in silico/in vitro approaches already proved to be effective first-line analytical tools. An integrated in silico/in vitro approach was used to investigate the effects of metabolic and chemical modifications on the estrogenicity of AOH...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317319/the-molecular-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-endocrine-disrupting-chemical-bisphenol-a-in-the-development-of-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Ayman Shafei, Maggie M Ramzy, Abdelhares I Hegazy, Ahmed K Husseny, Usama G El-Hadary, Mazen M Taha, Ali A Mosa
The endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) is an exogenous substance or mixture that alters the function of the endocrine system and consequently causes adverse effects in intact organisms. Bisphenol A (BPA), one of the most common endocrine disrupting chemicals is a carbon-based synthetic compound used in the production of water bottles, cans, and teeth suture materials. It is known to be a xenoestrogen as it interacts with estrogen receptors and acts as agonist or antagonist via estrogen receptor-dependent signaling pathways...
March 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310425/treatment-with-phytoestrogens-reversed-triclosan-and-bisphenol-a-induced-anti-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-cells
#19
Geum-A Lee, Kyung-Chul Choi, Kyung-A Hwang
Triclosan (TCS) and bisphenol A (BPA) are endocrine-disrupting chemicals that interfere with the hormone or endocrine system and may cause cancer. Kaempferol (Kaem) and 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) are phytoestrogens that play chemopreventive roles in the inhibition of carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In this study, the influence of TCS, BPA, Kaem, and DIM on proliferation and apoptotic abilities of VM7Luc4E2 breast cancer cells were examined. MTT assay revealed that TCS (0.1-10 μM), BPA (0.1-10 μM) and E2 (0...
January 9, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305268/long-term-estradiol-17%C3%AE-exposure-decreases-the-cholinergic-innervation-pattern-of-the-pig-ovary
#20
B Jana, K A Meller, M Czajkowska, J Całka
Elevated levels of endogenous estrogens in the course of pathological states of ovaries, as well as xenoestrogens, may lead to hyperestrogenism. It has previously been demonstrated that long-term estradiol-17β (E2 ) administration in adult gilts affected the population of sympathetic intraovarian nerve fibers. The aim of this study has been to determine the effect of long-term E2 exposure on the cholinergic innervation pattern of porcine ovaries. Intraovarian distribution and the density of nerve fibers immunoreactive (IR) to vesicular acetylocholine transporter (VAChT) and/or neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM) were determined...
March 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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