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Xenoestrogens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113131/interaction-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-zearalenols-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrins
#1
Miklós Poór, Afshin Zand, Lajos Szente, Beáta Lemli, Sándor Kunsági-Máté
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium fungi. ZEN primarily contaminates different cereals, and exerts a strong xenoestrogenic effect in animals and humans. ZEN is a fluorescent mycotoxin, although molecular interactions and microenvironmental changes significantly modify its spectral properties. During biotransformation, ZEN is converted into α-zearalenol (α-ZOL) and β-zearalenol (β-ZOL), the toxic metabolites of ZEN, which mimick the effect of estrogen. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are host molecules, and have been studied extensively; they can form stable complexes with several mycotoxins, including ZEN...
November 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102625/reprint-of-role-of-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-gper-gpr30-in-maintenance-of-meiotic-arrest-in-fish-oocytes
#2
REVIEW
Peter Thomas
An essential role for GPER (formerly known as GPR30) in regulating mammalian reproduction has not been identified to date, although it has shown to be involved in the regulation a broad range of other estrogen-dependent functions. In contrast, an important reproductive role for GPER in the maintenance of oocyte meiotic arrest has been identified in teleost fishes, which is briefly reviewed here. Recent studies have clearly shown that ovarian follicle production of estradiol-17β (E2) maintains meiotic arrest in several teleost species through activation of GPER coupled to a stimulatory G protein (Gs) on oocyte plasma membranes, resulting in stimulation of cAMP production and maintenance of elevated cAMP levels...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078070/endocrine-disruptors-affect-larval-zebrafish-behavior-testing-potential-mechanisms-and-comparisons-of-behavioral-sensitivity-to-alternative-biomarkers
#3
Thomas W K Fraser, Abdolrahman Khezri, Anna M Lewandowska-Sabat, Theodore Henry, Erik Ropstad
Larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) are a tool for assessing endocrine disruption during early development. Here, we investigated the extent to which a simple light/dark behavioral test at five days post fertilization could compliment current methods within the field. We exposed fertilized embryos to hormones (17β-estradiol, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, 11-ketotestosterone, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, progesterone, and hydrocortisone) and other relevant compounds (17α ethinylestradiol, bisphenol A, bisphenol S, nonylphenol, flutamide, nilutamide, linuron, drospirenone, potassium perchlorate, mifepristone, and fadrozole) to screen for behavioral effects between 96 and 118h post fertilization (hpf)...
October 6, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051454/occupational-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-bpa-a-reality-that-still-needs-to-be-unveiled
#4
REVIEW
Edna Ribeiro, Carina Ladeira, Susana Viegas
Bisphenol A (BPA), 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) propane, is one of the most utilized industrial chemicals worldwide, with the ability to interfere with/or mimic estrogenic hormones with associated biological responses. Environmental human exposure to this endocrine disruptor, mostly through oral intake, is considered a generalized phenomenon, particularly in developed countries. However, in the context of occupational exposure, non-dietary exposure sources (e.g., air and contact) cannot be underestimated. Here, we performed a review of the literature on BPA occupational exposure and associated health effects...
September 13, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050248/low-dose-of-bisphenol-a-enhance-the-susceptibility-of-thyroid-carcinoma-stimulated-by-dhpn-and-iodine-excess-in-f344-rats
#5
Jing Zhang, Xiaochen Zhang, Yanan Li, Zhenzhen Zhou, Chuanlong Wu, Zhiyan Liu, Lanxiang Hao, Shanshan Fan, Fang Jiang, Yan Xie, Ling Jiang
Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is the most common endocrine neoplasm. The risk of TC as a second primary malignancy (SPM) of breast cancer is significantly increased. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely contacted xenoestrogen and increases susceptibility to breast cancer through binding to estrogen receptor alpha (ERα). However, the effect of BPA on thyroid carcinogenesis has not been fully demonstrated. This present study aimed to characterize the effects of BPA on the development of TC using a Fischer 344 (F344) rat model...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985654/environmental-pollution-affects-molecular-and-biochemical-responses-during-gonadal-maturation-of-astyanax-fasciatus-teleostei-characiformes-characidae
#6
REVIEW
Carlos E Tolussi, Aline D Olio Gomes, Anupama Kumar, Cristiele S Ribeiro, Fabiana L Lo Nostro, Peter A Bain, Gabriela B de Souza, Rodrigo Da Cuña, Renato M Honji, Renata G Moreira
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) have the potential to alter fish reproduction at various levels of organization. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a natural environment with heavily anthropogenic influence on the physiological processes involved in reproduction in the freshwater fish lambari (Astyanax fasciatus) using different biomarkers. Adult males and females were collected in different seasons from two distinct sites in the same watershed: Ponte Nova Reservoir (PN) considered a pristine or small anthropogenic influence reference point; and Billings Reservoir (Bil), subjected to a large anthropogenic impact...
January 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977596/bisphenol-s-alters-the-lactating-mammary-gland-and-nursing-behaviors-in-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#7
Charlotte D LaPlante, Mary C Catanese, Ruby Bansal, Laura N Vandenberg
High doses of estrogenic pharmaceuticals were once prescribed to women to halt lactation. Yet, the effects of low-level xenoestrogens on lactation remain poorly studied. We investigated the effects of bisphenol S (BPS), an estrogen receptor (ER) agonist, on the lactating mammary gland; the arcuate nucleus, a region of the hypothalamus important for neuroendocrine control of lactational behaviors; and nursing behavior in CD-1 mice. Female mice were exposed to vehicle, 2 or 200 µg BPS/kg/d from pregnancy day 9 until lactational day (LD) 20, and tissues were collected on LD21...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965971/combined-low-dose-zearalenone-and-aflatoxin-b1-on-cell-growth-and-cell-cycle-progression-in-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#8
Ka Yiu Yip, Murphy Lam Yim Wan, Alice Sze Tsai Wong, Kenneth S Korach, Hani El-Nezami
Zearalenone (ZEA) has long been recognized as a xenoestrogen, while the endocrine disrupting effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) have been identified recently. Due to co-occurrence and endocrine disrupting potentials of ZEA and AFB1, it was hypothesized that co-exposure to ZEA and AFB1 might affect breast cancer cell growth. Consequently, the aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effects of ZEA and AFB1 (1nM-100nM) on cell growth and cell cycle progression, using a human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Our results showed that ZEA and AFB1 produced significant interactive effects on cell growth, DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression...
November 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947387/bisphenol-a-disrupts-the-temporal-pattern-of-histofunctional-changes-in-the-female-reproductive-tract-of-caiman-latirostris
#9
Germán H Galoppo, Guillermina Canesini, Yamil E Tavalieri, Cora Stoker, Laura Kass, Enrique H Luque, Mónica Muñoz-de-Toro
Recently, we have described the ontogeny of histofunctional differentiation changes in the oviduct of Caiman latirostris. The expression of estrogen receptor alpha and progesterone receptor shows that the caiman oviduct could be a target of the action of xenoestrogens such as the widely environmentally present Bisphenol A (BPA), early in life. The aims of this study were: to complement oviduct characterization by establishing the ontogenetic changes in androgen receptor (AR) expression and assessing the effects of early postnatal exposure to 17-β-estradiol (E2) or BPA on the histofunctional features of the oviduct...
December 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929027/the-role-of-polycarbonate-monomer-bisphenol-a-in-insulin-resistance
#10
Milos Pjanic
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic unit of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, the types of plastics that could be found in essentially every human population and incorporated into almost every aspect of the modern human society. BPA polymers appear in a wide range of products, from liquid storages (plastic bottles, can and glass linings, water pipes and tanks) and food storages (plastics wraps and containers), to medical and dental devices. BPA polymers could be hydrolyzed spontaneously or in a photo- or temperature-catalyzed process, providing widespread environmental distribution and chronic exposure to the BPA monomer in contemporary human populations...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918339/interference-of-dibutylphthalate-on-human-prostate-cell-viability
#11
Mariana Di Lorenzo, Maurizio Forte, Salvatore Valiante, Vincenza Laforgia, Maria De Falco
Dibutylphthalate (DBP) is an environmental pollutant widely used as plasticizer in a variety of industrial applications worldwide. This agent can be found in personal-care products, children's toy, pharmaceuticals, food products. Exposure to DBP can occur via ingestion and inhalation as well as intravenous or skin contact. DBP belongs to the family of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and its effects on reproductive system were demonstrated both in vivo and in vitro. In the present study we evaluated the effects of DBP on human prostate adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (LNCaP) in order to highlight xenoestrogens influence on human prostate...
January 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895797/neuroendocrine-disruption-of-organizational-and-activational-hormone-programming-in-poikilothermic-vertebrates
#12
REVIEW
Cheryl S Rosenfeld, Nancy D Denslow, Edward F Orlando, Juan Manuel Gutierrez-Villagomez, Vance L Trudeau
In vertebrates, sexual differentiation of the reproductive system and brain is tightly orchestrated by organizational and activational effects of endogenous hormones. In mammals and birds, the organizational period is typified by a surge of sex hormones during differentiation of specific neural circuits; whereas activational effects are dependent upon later increases in these same hormones at sexual maturation. Depending on the reproductive organ or brain region, initial programming events may be modulated by androgens or require conversion of androgens to estrogens...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882797/modification-of-the-plasma-complement-protein-profile-by-exogenous-estrogens-is-indicative-of-a-compromised-immune-competence-in-marine-medaka-oryzias-melastigma
#13
Miao Dong, Frauke Seemann, Joseph L Humble, Yimin Liang, Drew R Peterson, Rui Ye, Honglin Ren, Hui-Su Kim, Jae-Seong Lee, Doris W T Au, Yun Wah Lam
Growing evidence suggests that the immune system of teleost is vulnerable to xenoestrogens, which are ubiquitous in the marine environment. This study detected and identified the major circulatory immune proteins deregulated by 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), which may be linked to fish susceptibility to pathogens in the marine medaka, Oryzias melastigma. Fish immune competence was determined using a host resistance assay to pathogenic bacteria Edwardsiella tarda. Females were consistently more susceptible to infection-induced mortality than males...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875311/bisphenol-a-exposure-perturbs-visual-function-of-adult-cats-by-remodeling-the-neuronal-activity-in-the-primary-visual-pathway
#14
Guangwei Xu, Fan Hu, Xuan Wang, Bing Zhang, Yifeng Zhou
Bisphenol A (BPA), a common environmental xenoestrogen, has been implicated in physiological and behavioral impairment, but the neuronal basis remains elusive. Although various synaptic mechanisms have been shown to mediate BPA-induced brain deficits, there are almost no reports addressing its underlying physiological mechanisms at the individual neuron level, particularly in the primary visual system. In the present study, using multiple-channel recording technique, we recorded the responses of single neurons in the primary visual system of cats to various direction stimuli both before and after BPA exposure...
September 5, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855101/in-vitro-observations-and-in-silico-predictions-of-xenoestrogen-mixture-effects-in-t47d-based-receptor-transactivation-and-proliferation-assays
#15
Nina Schlotz, Gwang-Jin Kim, Stefan Jäger, Stefan Günther, Evelyn Lamy
Within endocrine disruptor research, evaluation and interpretation of mixture effects and the predictive value for downstream responses still warrant more in-depth investigations. We used an estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated reporter gene assay (ER-CALUX®) and a cell proliferation assay (WST-1 assay), both based on the T47D breast cancer cell line, to test mixtures of heterogeneous xenoestrogens. Observed concentration-response curves were compared to those predicted by the concepts of concentration addition (CA), generalized concentration addition (GCA), and a novel full logistic model (FLM)...
December 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852612/bisphenol-a-impairs-synaptic-plasticity-by-both-pre-and-postsynaptic-mechanisms
#16
Fan Hu, Tingting Li, Huarui Gong, Zhi Chen, Yan Jin, Guangwei Xu, Ming Wang
Bisphenol A (BPA), an environmental xenoestrogen, has been reported to induce learning and memory impairments in rodent animals. However, effects of BPA exposure on synaptic plasticity and the underlying physiological mechanisms remain elusive. Our behavioral and electrophysiological analyses show that BPA obviously perturbs hippocampal spatial memory of juvenile Sprague-Dawley rats after four weeks exposure, with significantly impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. These effects involve decreased spine density of pyramidal neurons, especially the apical dendritic spine...
August 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841159/bisphenol-a-and-metabolic-diseases-challenges-for-occupational-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Lidia Caporossi, Bruno Papaleo
The prevalence of metabolic diseases has markedly increased worldwide during the last few decades. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, energy-dense diets), together with a genetic predisposition, are well known factors in the pathophysiology of health problems. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound used for polycarbonate plastics, food containers, epoxy resins coating metallic cans for food and beverage conservation. The ability of BPA to act as an endocrine disruptor-xenoestrogen in particular-is largely documented in literature, with numerous publications of in vivo and in vitro studies as well as epidemiological data on humans...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820486/urinary-levels-of-4-nonylphenol-and-4-t-octylphenol-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-korean-adult-population
#18
Hyejin Park, Kisok Kim
4-Nonylphenol (4-NP) and 4-t-octylphenol (4-t-OP) are xenoestrogen compounds to which humans are exposed via contaminated food, water, and air. This study assessed the body burden of 4-NP and 4-t-OP in Koreans aged 18-69 years using data from the Korean National Human Biomonitoring Survey conducted in 2009. Based on data from 1865 representative Koreans, 83.2% and 91.8% had urinary 4-NP and 4-t-OP concentrations >0.05 ng/mL (limit of detection). Of the Korean adult population, the geometric mean urinary concentrations of 4-NP and 4-t-OP were 3...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807876/molecular-insights-on-xenoestrogenic-potential-of-zearalenone-14-glucoside-through-a-mixed-in%C3%A2-vitro-in-silico-approach
#19
Luca Dellafiora, Roberta Ruotolo, Alessio Perotti, Martina Cirlini, Gianni Galaverna, Pietro Cozzini, Annamaria Buschini, Chiara Dall'Asta
The mycotoxin zearalenone may contaminate food and feed worldwide upon infections by Fusarium spp. of plants and raw materials intended for human and animal consumption. Currently, contamination by zearalenone and congeners pose concern for health due to xenoestrogenic effects. However, while zearalenone and the main reduced metabolites are well-known xenoestrogens, some plant metabolites that may enter the food chain have been observed aside. Among them, zearalenone-14-glucoside may be abundant in the edible parts of infected plants, thereby entering significantly the human diet and animal feeding...
August 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795111/data-describing-lack-of-effects-of-17%C3%AE-ethinyl-estradiol-on-mammary-gland-morphology-in-female-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#20
Charlotte D LaPlante, Laura N Vandenberg
Ethinyl estradiol (EE) is a synthetic estrogen used in pharmaceutical contraceptives. In many studies evaluating estrogenic endocrine disruptors, EE is used as a positive control for estrogenicity. However, the effects of EE often differ from the effects of other xenoestrogens, suggesting that these other compounds might act via distinct mechanisms. Reported here are data describing the effect of low doses of EE during pregnancy and lactation on the morphology of the lactating mammary gland in CD-1 mice. The data suggest that these low doses have few if any discernable effects on mammary gland morphology...
October 2017: Data in Brief
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