Read by QxMD icon Read

body weight

Marcelo Ribeiro Bergamini, Fernanda Kabadayan, Maria Martha Bernardi, Ivana Barbosa Suffredini, Marcia Tonetti Ciaramicoli, Ricardo Matsura Kodama, Cintia Helena Coury Saraceni
INTRODUCTION: The perception of pain varies individually. Chronic stress leads to analgesia. The use of animal chronic mild stress model to mimic human condition was previously developed and now applied in the evaluation of pain perception in rats with dentin hypersensitivity (DH). AIMS: Using DH model induced by dentin erosion (DE) mediated by acidic solution, the present study aimed the evaluation of the interaction of chronic stress and pain induced by DH in rats with DE...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Clarice L S Lopes, Paula Pitta Pinheiro, Luzia S Barberena, Guilherme U Eckert
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children aged 0-14 years diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis and compare the following outcomes between children with prior diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and children without prior diagnosis of DM1: length of hospital stay, severity on admission, insulin dosage, time of continuous insulin use, volume of fluids infused during treatment, and complications. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study with review of medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a referral hospital from June 2013 to July 2015...
October 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Dong Liu, Jie-Lu Zhou, Fashui Hong, Yu-Qing Zhang
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are used in many fields, such as paints, medicine additives, food additives, sunscreens and agriculture. The aim of this study was to investgate the mechanism behind the formation of inflammation induced by TiO2 NPs. ICR mice were exposed to TiO2 NPs through intragastric administration at 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg body weight every day for 90 consecutive days. The experiment suggested that long-term exposure to TiO2 NPs resulted in an obvious inflammatory response in mice lung tissues, which led to a thickened alveoli septum, lung hyperaemia, and titanium accumulation...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Silvania da Silva Teixeira, Carly Filgueira, Douglas H Sieglaff, Cindy Benod, Rosa Villagomez, Laurie J Minze, Aijun Zhang, Paul Webb, Maria Tereza Nunes
AIM: Thyroid hormones regulate metabolic response. While triiodothyronine (T3) is usually considered to be the active form of thyroid hormone, one form of diiodothyronine (3,5-T2) exerts T3-like effects on energy consumption and lipid metabolism. 3,5-T2 also improves glucose tolerance in rats and 3,5-T2 levels correlate with fasting glucose in humans. Presently, however, little is known about mechanisms of 3,5-T2 effects on glucose metabolism. Here, we set out to compare effects of T3, 3,5-T2 and another form of T2 (3,3-T2) in a mouse model of diet induced obesity and determined effects of T3 and 3,5-T2 on markers of classical insulin sensitization to understand how diiodothyronines influence blood glucose...
October 22, 2016: Acta Physiologica
Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Miguel de Arruda, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Cristian Luarte-Rocha, Rossana Gómez-Campos
OBJECTIVE: Identify changes in physical growth and abdominal adiposity at an interval of 14 years in children and adolescents living at a moderate altitude in Peru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data comes from two cross-sectional studies carried out in the city of Arequipa, Peru, located at a moderate altitude of 2,320 meters. In 2001, 473 males and 482 females were assessed, and in 2015, 432 males and 403 females between 6.0 and 12.9 years old were evaluated. Data were collected in public state schools and measured using the anthropometric variables for weight, height, and waist circumference...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Xiaodan Luo, Lihua Xu, Yangqiu Li, Huo Tan
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) induced by host antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and donor-derived T cells remains the major limitation of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved cell-cell communication that is important in T cell development. Recently, Notch signaling pathway is reported to be involved in regulating GVHD. To investigate the role of Notch inhibition in modulating GVHD, we established MHC-mismatched murine allo-BMT model. We found that inhibition of Notch signaling pathway by γ-secretase inhibitor in vivo could reduce aGVHD, which was shown by the onset time of aGVHD, body weight, clinical aGVHD scores, pathology aGVHD scores, and survival...
October 21, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Panat Anuracpreeda, Amaya Watthanadirek, Runglawan Chawengkirttikul, Prasert Sobhon
A number of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) against the 16 kDa antigen of Paramphistomum gracile (16 kDaAgPg) were produced in vitro by hybridoma technique. Reactivity and specificity of these MoAbs were evaluated by ELISA and immunoblotting assays. Seven MoAb clones were selected from the stable hybridoma clones, namely 1D10, 2D7, 3B10, 3D9, 4F1, 4G4, and 5G12. It was found to be IgM and kappa light chain isotypes. By immunoblotting and ELISA, all MoAbs reacted with purified 16 kDaAgPg at molecular weight (MW) of 16 kDa and with the native 16 kDa antigen at MW of 16 kDa in the whole body (WB) and excretory-secretory (ES) fractions, but not with tegumental antigens (TA) of adult fluke...
October 22, 2016: Parasitology Research
P Soeters, F Bozzetti, L Cynober, A Forbes, A Shenkin, L Sobotka
In a recent consensus report in Clinical Nutrition the undernourished category of malnutrition was proposed to be defined and diagnosed on the basis of a low BMI or unintentional weight loss combined with low BMI or FFMI with certain cut off points. The definition was endorsed by ESPEN despite recent endorsement of a very different definition. The approach aims to assess whether nutritional intake is sufficient but is imprecise because a low BMI does not always indicate malnutrition and individuals with increasing BMI's may have decreasing FFM's...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Arshad Javaid, Zubair Shaheen, Muhammad Shafqat, Amer Hayat Khan, Nafees Ahmad
Among 186 retrospectively evaluated patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, 33.9% were cured, 6.6% completed treatment, 25% died, 18.3% were lost to follow-up, 2.2% failed treatment, and 13.8% were still undergoing treatment by the end of the study period. Rural residence was a risk factor for loss to follow-up (odds ratio [OR], 3.315; P = .016), whereas baseline body weight <40 kg (OR, 2.175; P = .042) and resistance to ofloxacin (OR, 2.889; P = .025) were risk factors for death...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
S Nicole Fearnbach, Travis D Masterson, Haley A Schlechter, Amanda J Ross, Michael J Rykaczewski, Eric Loken, Danielle S Downs, David Thivel, Kathleen L Keller
BACKGROUND: Exercise not only has a direct effect on energy balance through energy expenditure (EE), but also has an indirect effect through its impact on energy intake (EI). This study examined the effects of acute exercise on daily ad libitum EI in children at risk for becoming overweight due to family history. METHODS: Twenty healthy-weight children (ages 9-12 years, 12 male/8 female) with at least one overweight biological parent (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) participated...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Alexandra C Sundermann, Troy D Abell, Lisa C Baker, Mark B Mengel, Kathryn E Reilly, Michael A Bonow, Gregory E Hoy, Richard D Clover
BACKGROUND: The specialization of human fat deposits is an inquiry of special importance in the study of fetal growth. It has been theorized that maternal lower-body fat is designated specifically for lactation and not for the growth of the fetus. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare the contributions of maternal upper-body versus lower-body adiposity to infant birth weight. We hypothesized that upper-body adiposity would be strongly associated with infant birth weight and that lower-body adiposity would be weakly or negligibly associated with infant birth weight-after adjusting for known determinants...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Svetlana V Fedorenko, Svetlana L Grechkina, Asiya R Mustafina, Kirill V Kholin, Alexey S Stepanov, Irek R Nizameev, Ildus E Ismaev, Marsil K Kadirov, Rustem R Zairov, Alfia N Fattakhova, Rustem R Amirov, Svetlana E Soloveva
The present work introduces deliberate synthesis of Gd(III)-doped silica nanoparticles with high relaxivity at magnetic field strengths below 1.5T. Modified microemulsion water-in-oil procedure was used in order to achieve superficial localization of Gd(III) complexes within 40-55nm sized silica spheres. The relaxivities of the prepared nanoparticles were measured at 0.47, 1.41 and 1.5T with the use of both NMR analyzer and whole body NMR scanner. Longitudinal relaxivities of the obtained silica nanoparticles reveal significant dependence on the confinement mode, changing from 4...
October 14, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Simon M Wilksch, Susan J Paxton, Susan M Byrne, S Bryn Austin, Anne O'Shea, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if baseline shape and weight concern (SWC) moderated outcomes in Prevention Across the Spectrum, a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of 3 school-based programs aimed at reducing eating disorder and obesity risk factors. METHOD: N = 1,316 Grade 7 and 8 girls and boys (M age = 13.21 years) across three Australian states were randomly allocated to: Media Smart; Life Smart; Helping, Encouraging, Listening and Protecting Peers Initiative (HELPP) or control (usual school class)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Te-Chih Wong, Hsiu-Yueh Su, Yu-Tong Chen, Pei-Yu Wu, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yung-Ho Hsu, Shwu-Huey Yang
Recent studies have indicated that the ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin (CRP-Alb ratio) is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with disease. We examined the predictive value of this ratio in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). In this cross-sectional study, 91 eligible adult HD patients were analyzed, and the correlation between the CRP-Alb ratio and skeletal muscle mass normalized for body weight (SMM/wt; estimated using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer) was investigated. The mean age of the study participants was 54...
2016: PloS One
Nehemiah T Liu, José Salinas, Craig A Fenrich, Maria L Serio-Melvin, George C Kramer, Ian R Driscoll, Martin A Schreiber, Leopoldo C Cancio, Kevin K Chung
INTRODUCTION: The depth of burn has been an important factor often overlooked when estimating the total resuscitation fluid needed for early burn care. The goal of this study was to determine the degree to which full-thickness (FT) involvement affected overall 24-hour burn resuscitation volumes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients admitted to our burn intensive care unit from December 2007 to April 2013, with significant burns that required resuscitation using our computerized decision support system for burn fluid resuscitation...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jordan M Glenn, Michelle Gray, Jennifer Vincenzo, Sally Paulson, Melissa Powers
This investigation examined differences in functional sit-to-stand power/velocity between cohorts of adults aged 18-97 years. This study included 264 healthy adults classified into 4 cohorts (18-40, C1; 60-69, C2; 70-79, C2; ≥80, C4). Participants completed the sit-to-stand task 5 times. Power and velocity were measured via the TENDO power analyzer. Absolute average power was maintained from C1-C3, but decreased (p<.01) in C4. Absolute peak power decreased between C1-C2 (p<.01), was similar between C2-C3, and decreased in C4 (p<...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Yanita McLeay, Stephen R Stannard, Toby Mundel, Andrew Foskett, Matthew Barnes
This study was designed to investigate the effects of alcohol consumption on recovery of muscle force when consumed immediately post-exercise in young females. Eight young women completed 300 maximal eccentric actions of the quadriceps femoris muscle on an isokinetic dynamometer on two occasions in a randomized, cross-over design after which an alcoholic beverage (0.88g ethanol/kg body weight) or an iso-caloric placebo was consumed. Maximal isokinetic (concentric and eccentric) torque and isometric tension produced across the knee were measured in both the exercised and control leg pre-damage, 36h-post, and 60h-post damage...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Tamer M S Salama, Karim Sabry, Yaser El Ghamrini
PURPOSE: Single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass (SASI) procedure appears as a new metabolic and bariatric surgery based on Santoro's operation, in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by a side-to-side gastroileal anastomosis. The study is aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass with respect to postoperative weight loss and metabolic and nutritional effects on patients. METHODS: Forty-five morbidly obese patients with a mean age of 31...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Nina Roswall, Yingjun Li, Sven Sandin, Peter Ström, Hans-Olov Adami, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVE: Most studies on obesity and mortality use a single anthropometric measure. Less is known about the effects of weight change on mortality. This study examined changes in body mass index (ΔBMI) and waist circumference (ΔWC) and subsequent all-cause and cause-specific mortality. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Women's Lifestyle and Health cohort, using self-reported anthropometric measures from 1991 to 1992 and 2003. Hazard ratios of mortality and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models...
October 21, 2016: Obesity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"