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plant-based diet and antioxidants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065499/an-overview-of-dietary-interventions-and-strategies-to-optimize-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
REVIEW
Brandon J Perumpail, Rosann Cholankeril, Eric R Yoo, Donghee Kim, Aijaz Ahmed
Aim: To investigate the efficacy of lifestyle adjustment strategies as a preventive measure and/or treatment of obesity-related non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults. Method: A systematic review of literature through 1 July 2017 on the PubMed Database was performed. A comprehensive search was conducted using key terms, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), combined with lifestyle intervention, diet, and exercise. All of the articles and studies obtained from the search were reviewed. Redundant literature was excluded...
October 22, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926931/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-between-self-reported-vegetarians-vegans-and-meat-eaters-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#2
Benjamin Allès, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend for vegetarian and vegan diets in many Western countries. Epidemiological evidence suggesting that such diets may help in maintaining good health is rising. However, dietary and sociodemographic characteristics of vegetarians and vegans are not well known. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of self-reported, adult vegetarians and vegans, compared to meat-eaters, from the French NutriNet-Santé study...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868057/selenium-induced-toxicity-is-counteracted-by-sulfur-in-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica
#4
Ming Tian, Maixia Hui, Theodore W Thannhauser, Siyi Pan, Li Li
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for humans. Increasing Se content in food crops offers an effective approach to enhance the consumption of Se in human diets. A thoroughly understanding of the effects of Se on plant growth is important for Se biofortification in food crops. Given that Se is an analog of sulfur (S) and can be toxic to plants, its effect on plant growth is expected to be greatly affected by S nutrition. However, this remains to be further understood. Here, we evaluated the influence of Se treatments on broccoli (Brassica oleracea L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817105/bioactive-compounds-from-mexican-varieties-of-the-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-implications-for-health
#5
REVIEW
Celia Chávez-Mendoza, Esteban Sánchez
As Mexico is located within Mesoamerica, it is considered the site where the bean plant originated and where it was domesticated. Beans have been an integral part of the Mexican diet for thousands of years. Within the country, there are a number of genotypes possessing highly diverse physical and chemical properties. This review describes the major bioactive compounds contained on the Mexican varieties of the common bean. A brief analysis is carried out regarding the benefits they have on health. The effect of seed coat color on the nutraceutical compounds content is distinguished, where black bean stands out because it is high content of anthocyanins, polyphenols and flavonoids such as quercetin...
August 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738536/effect-of-apigenin-kaempferol-and-resveratrol-on-the-gene-expression-and-protein-secretion-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-10-il-10-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#6
Marta Palacz-Wrobel, Paulina Borkowska, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Malgorzata Kowalczyk, Anna Fila-Danilow, Renata Suchanek-Raif, Jan Kowalski
Polyphenols such as apigenin, kaempferol or resveratrol are typically found in plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices, which have a wide range of biological functions such as antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, vasodilative, anticoagulative and proapoptotic. Discovering such multifunctional compounds in widely consumed plant-based products - ones that both inhibit the release of TNF-α from tissue macrophages and at the same time enhance the secretion of IL-10 - would be an important signpost in the quest for effective pharmacological treatment of numerous diseases that have an inflammatory etiology...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669771/antidiabetic-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-water-and-n-butanol-soluble-extracts-from-saharian-anvillea-radiata-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#7
Chouaib Kandouli, Mathieu Cassien, Anne Mercier, Caroline Delehedde, Emilie Ricquebourg, Pierre Stocker, Mourad Mekaouche, Zineb Leulmi, Aicha Mechakra, Sophie Thétiot-Laurent, Marcel Culcasi, Sylvia Pietri
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to Saharian traditional medicine, Anvillea radiata Coss. & Dur. (Asteraceae) has been valued for treating a variety of ailments such as gastro-intestinal, liver and pulmonary diseases, and has gained awareness for its beneficial effect on postprandial hyperglycemia. However, to best of our knowledge, no detailed study of the antidiabetic curative effects of this plant has been conducted yet. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the hypoglycemic and antidiabetic effect of dietary supplementation with Anvillea radiata extracts on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity and insulin resistance in C57BL/6J mice in relation with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, pancreatic beta-cells and skeletal muscle protection, and digestive enzyme inhibiting properties...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503053/pea-pisum-sativum-and-its-anticancer-activity
#8
REVIEW
Runchana Rungruangmaitree, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Pisum sativum (Family: Fabaceae), as known as green pea or garden pea, has long been important in diet due to its content of fiber, protein, starch, trace elements, and many phytochemical substances. It has been shown to possess antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antihypercholesterolemia, and antioxidant activities and also shown anticancer property. Its nonnutritive biologically active components include alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, isoflavones, phenols, phytosterols, phytic acid, protease inhibitors, saponins, and tannins...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286649/protein-hydrolysates-in-animal-nutrition-industrial-production-bioactive-peptides-and-functional-significance
#9
REVIEW
Yongqing Hou, Zhenlong Wu, Zhaolai Dai, Genhu Wang, Guoyao Wu
Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the role of peptides in animal nutrition. Chemical, enzymatic, or microbial hydrolysis of proteins in animal by-products or plant-source feedstuffs before feeding is an attractive means of generating high-quality small or large peptides that have both nutritional and physiological or regulatory functions in livestock, poultry and fish. These peptides may also be formed from ingested proteins in the gastrointestinal tract, but the types of resultant peptides can vary greatly with the physiological conditions of the animals and the composition of the diets...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256666/neuroprotective-effects-of-phytosterol-esters-against-high-cholesterol-induced-cognitive-deficits-in-aged-rat
#10
Xu Rui, Li Wenfang, Cheng Jing, Chen Meng, Ding Chengcheng, Xu Jiqu, Rong Shuang
Accumulating epidemiological and experimental studies have confirmed that a high-cholesterol diet is detrimental to cognitive performance in animal models. Phytosterols, a class of naturally occurring structural components in plant foods, have been demonstrated to possess cholesterol-lowering and antioxidant effects. Phytosterol esters (PSE) are esters of phytosterol. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of PSE on cognitive deficit induced by a cholesterol-enriched diet in aged rats, and to explore their underlying mechanisms for these effects...
March 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250905/possible-role-of-common-spices-as-a-preventive-and-therapeutic-agent-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Omid Mirmosayyeb, Amirpouya Tanhaei, Hamid R Sohrabi, Ralph N Martins, Mana Tanhaei, Mohammad Amin Najafi, Ali Safaei, Rokhsareh Meamar
For centuries, spices have been consumed as food additives or medicinal agents. However, there is increasing evidence indicating the plant-based foods in regular diet may lower the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer disease. Spices, as one of the most commonly used plant-based food additives may provide more than just flavors, but as agents that may prevent or even halt neurodegenerative processes associated with aging. In this article, we review the role and application of five commonly used dietary spices including saffron turmeric, pepper family, zingiber, and cinnamon...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208630/cocoa-and-grape-seed-byproducts-as-a-source-of-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-proanthocyanidins
#12
María De La Luz Cádiz-Gurrea, Isabel Borrás-Linares, Jesús Lozano-Sánchez, Jorge Joven, Salvador Fernández-Arroyo, Antonio Segura-Carretero
Phenolic compounds, which are secondary plant metabolites, are considered an integral part of the human diet. Physiological properties of dietary polyphenols have come to the attention in recent years. Especially, proanthocyanidins (ranging from dimers to decamers) have demonstrated potential interactions with biological systems, such as antiviral, antibacterial, molluscicidal, enzyme-inhibiting, antioxidant, and radical-scavenging properties. Agroindustry produces a considerable amount of phenolic-rich sources, and the ability of polyphenolic structures to interacts with other molecules in living organisms confers their beneficial properties...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112767/nutritional-status-and-habitual-dietary-intake-are-associated-with-frail-skin-conditions-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#13
S Iizaka, S Nagata, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of frail skin is important in older people because frail skin is associated with a risk of injury in this population. In this study, we investigated the association of nutritional status and habitual dietary intake with skin conditions in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. PARTICIPANTS: Older people aged ≥65 years without care-need certification (n=118)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898676/dietary-butyrate-helps-to-restore-the-intestinal-status-of-a-marine-teleost-sparus-aurata-fed-extreme-diets-low-in-fish-meal-and-fish-oil
#14
Itziar Estensoro, Gabriel Ballester-Lozano, Laura Benedito-Palos, Fabian Grammes, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Liv-Torunn Mydland, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Juan Fuentes, Vasileios Karalazos, Álvaro Ortiz, Margareth Øverland, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
There is a constant need to find feed additives that improve health and nutrition of farmed fish and lessen the intestinal inflammation induced by plant-based ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding an organic acid salt to alleviate some of the detrimental effects of extreme plant-ingredient substitution of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in gilthead sea bream diet. Three experiments were conducted. In a first trial (T1), the best dose (0.4%) of sodium butyrate (BP-70 ®NOREL) was chosen after a short (9-weeks) feeding period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881064/functional-foods-for-health-the-interrelated-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-role-of-fruits-vegetables-herbs-spices-and-cocoa-in-humans
#15
Mauro Serafini, Ilaria Peluso
The health benefits of plant food-based diets could be related to both integrated antioxidant and antiinflammatory mechanisms exerted by a wide array of phytochemicals present in fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices. Therefore, there is mounting interest in identifying foods, food extracts and phytochemical formulations from plant sources which are able to efficiently modulate oxidative and inflammatory stress to prevent diet-related diseases. This paper reviews available evidence about the effect of supplementation with selected fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices and their extracts or galenic formulation on combined markers of redox and inflammatory status in humans...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843721/antioxidant-nutrition-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-parr-and-post-smolt-fed-diets-with-high-inclusion-of-plant-ingredients-and-graded-levels-of-micronutrients-and-selected-amino-acids
#16
Kristin Hamre, Nini H Sissener, Erik-Jan Lock, Pål A Olsvik, Marit Espe, Bente E Torstensen, Joana Silva, Johan Johansen, Rune Waagbø, Gro-Ingunn Hemre
The shift from marine to plant-based ingredients in fish feeds affects the dietary concentrations and bioavailability of micronutrients, amino acids and lipids and consequently warrants a re-evaluation of dietary nutrient recommendations. In the present study, an Atlantic salmon diet high in plant ingredients was supplemented with graded levels of nutrient premix (NP), containing selected amino acids, taurine, cholesterol, vitamins and minerals. This article presents the results on the antioxidant nutrients vitamin C, E and selenium (Se), and effects on tissue redox status...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646710/natural-antioxidant-polyphenols-on-inflammation-management-anti-glycation-activity-vs-metalloproteinases-inhibition
#17
Lucia Crascì, Maria Rosaria Lauro, Giovanni Puglisi, Annamaria Panico
The diet polyphenols are a secondary metabolites of plants able to act on inflammation process. Their anti-inflammatory activity is articulated through several mechanisms that are related to their antioxidative and radical scavengers properties. Our work is focused on a novel approach to inflammatory disease management, based on anti-glycative and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) inhibition effects, as a connected phenomena. To better understand these correlation, polyphenols Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) studies were also reported...
September 20, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556399/preliminary-validation-of-a-high-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-and-linolenic-acid-ala-dietary-oil-blend-tissue-fatty-acid-composition-and-liver-proteome-response-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-smolts
#18
Waldo G Nuez-Ortín, Chris G Carter, Richard Wilson, Ira Cooke, Peter D Nichols
Marine oils are important to human nutrition as the major source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a key omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) that is low or lacking in terrestrial plant or animal oils. The inclusion of fish oil as main source of n-3 LC-PUFA in aquafeeds is mostly limited by the increasing price and decreasing availability. Fish oil replacement with cheaper terrestrial plant and animal oils has considerably reduced the content of n-3 LC-PUFA in flesh of farmed Atlantic salmon...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473434/dietary-flavonoids-advance-timing-of-moult-but-do-not-affect-redox-status-of-juvenile-blackbirds-turdus-merula
#19
Jacopo G Cecere, Manuela Caprioli, Chiara Carnevali, Graziano Colombo, Isabella Dalle-Donne, Elisa Mancuso, Aldo Milzani, Marco Parolini, Antea Portanova, Nicola Saino, Lorenzo Serra, Diego Rubolini
Flavonoids are the most abundant plant polyphenols, widely occurring in fruits and berries, and show a strong antioxidant activity in vitro Studies of avian species feeding on berries suggest that dietary flavonoids have health-promoting effects and may enhance the expression of melanin-based plumage traits. These effects are probably mediated by the antioxidant activity of flavonoids. However, the effect of dietary flavonoids on oxidative status has never been investigated in any bird species. We analysed the effects of dietary flavonoids on blood non-enzymatic antioxidants and protein oxidative damage of juvenile European blackbirds (Turdus merula)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470596/cardiometabolic-risk-and-gut-microbial-phytoestrogen-metabolite-phenotypes
#20
REVIEW
Cara L Frankenfeld
Recent evidence supports that the gut microbial community, independently and/or interactively with dietary intake, is a target for reducing cardiovascular disease risk through its effects on cardiometabolic risk factors. Dietary phytoestrogens may be a source for interactive effects. Phytoestrogens, such as isoflavones, lignans, and flavonoids, are compounds found in plants that have estrogenic or antiestrogenic activities, as well as antioxidant, antiproliferative, or apoptotic actions. Given these physiological activities, phytoestrogens may have a role in cardiometabolic health...
January 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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