Read by QxMD icon Read

DDAH/ADMA pathway

Mei-Rong Du, Li Yan, Nian-Sheng Li, Yu-Jie Wang, Ting Zhou, Jun-Lin Jiang
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss with retinal neovascularization. This study aims to investigate whether Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) impacts the pathogenesis of DR via focusing on promoting retinal neovascularization and its underlying molecular mechanisms. Diabetic rats were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) for 20 weeks. ADMA levels in aqueous and the influence of hypoxia on ADMA and angiogenesis in RF/6A cells were examined. The effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of ADMA on neovascularization of RF/6A cells were further evaluated by administration of ADMA, DDAH siRNA or ephrinB2 siRNA...
May 16, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
Woojung Lee, Hyo Jung Lee, Han Byul Jang, Hyo-Jin Kim, Hyo-Jeong Ban, Kwang Youl Kim, Moon Suk Nam, Joo Sun Choi, Kyung-Tae Lee, Seong Beom Cho, Sang Ick Park, Hye-Ja Lee
To unravel metabolic determinats of insulin resistance, we performed a targeted metabolomics analysis in Korean Children-Adolescent Cohort Study (KoCAS, n = 430). Sixty-seven metabolites were associated with insulin resistance in adolescents and the association also found in an adult population (KoGES, n = 2,485). Functional interactions of metabolites with gene/proteins using biological pathway with insulin resistance were not identified biological significance and regulatory effects of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhenguo Liu, Juan Wang, Wu Xing, Yingqiong Peng, Yan Huang, Xuegong Fan
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is catalyzed by the enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) in humans, and the role for ADMA has been associated with hepatic fibrogenesis. Transforming growth factor‑β (TGF‑β) has been shown to mediate the myofibroblastic transformation of quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), a pivotal step in liver fibrogenesis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Accumulation of ADMA due to low activity of DDAH has been reported to be associated with liver damage and hepatic fibrosis...
February 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Karthik Reddy Kami Reddy, Chandrashekhar Dasari, Divya Duscharla, Bhukya Supriya, N Sai Ram, M V Surekha, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Ramesh Ummanni
Tissue microarray analysis confirmed higher dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH1) expression in prostate cancer (PCa) compared to benign and normal prostate tissues. DDAH1 regulates nitric oxide (NO) production by degrading endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). This study examined whether DDAH1 has any physiological role in PCa progression. Using overexpression of DDAH1 in PCa (PC3 and LNCaP) cell lines, we found that DDAH1 promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion by lowering ADMA levels, as well as increasing NO production...
February 2018: Angiogenesis
Nikki Buijs, J Efraim Oosterink, Morgan Jessup, Henk Schierbeek, Donna B Stolz, Alexander P Houdijk, David A Geller, Paul A van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Anti-angiogenic therapies, targeting VEGF, are a promising treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To enhance this potential therapy, identification of novel targets in this pathway is of major interest. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a crucial role in VEGF-dependent angiogenesis. NO production depends on arginine as substrate and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) as inhibitor. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH-1) catabolizes ADMA and therefore regulates NO and VEGF expression...
November 2017: Angiogenesis
Citlalli Osorio-Yáñez, Miguel Chin-Chan, Luz C Sánchez-Peña, Octavio G Atzatzi-Aguilar, Jesus A Olivares-Reyes, José Segovia, Luz M Del Razo
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure is related to cardiovascular disease, which is characterized by endothelial dysfunction and nitric oxide (NO) depletion. The mechanisms underlying NO depletion as related to iAs exposure are not fully understood. The endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), might be a molecular target of iAs. ADMA concentrations are regulated by proteins involved in its synthesis (arginine methyl transferase 1 [PRMT-1]) and degradation (dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase [DDAH])...
May 11, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Nandini Nair, Enrique Gongora
BACKGROUND: The concept of antioxidant therapies assumes high importance as oxidative stress is associated with cardiovascular aging via endothelial dysfunction. This review focuses on exploring the interaction between nrf-2 and ADMA in influencing the nitric oxide pathway and cardiovascular function. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of literature from 1990 to 2016 was conducted using Pubmed and Google Scholar. The literature suggests a strong influence of nrf-2 activation on up regulation of DDAH I which degrades ADMA, the endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
Kai Cui, Yang Luan, Zhe Tang, Ke Rao, Tao Wang, Zhong Chen, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Daowen Wang
Our previous studies had reported that Human Tissue Kallikrein 1 (hKLK1) preserved erectile function in aged transgenic rats, while the detailed mechanism of hKLK1 protecting erectile function in aged rats through activation of cGMP and cAMP was not mentioned. To explore the latent mechanism, male wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats (WTR) and transgenic rats harboring the hKLK1 gene (TGR) were fed to 4 and 18 months old and divided into four groups: young WTR (yWTR) as the control, aged WTR (aWTR), aged TGR (aTGR) and aged TGRs with HOE140 (aTGRH)...
2017: PloS One
Ru Zhou, Ping Ma, Aiqin Xiong, Yehua Xu, Yang Wang, Qingbin Xu
AIMS: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death with high morbidity and mortality, and chronic heart failure is the terminal phase of it. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of the low-dose rosuvastatin on isoproterenol-induced chronic heart failure and to explore the possible related mechanisms. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were given isoproterenol 5 mg/kg once a day for 7 days to establish heart failure model by subcutaneous injection...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Ru Zhou, Qingbin Xu, Yehua Xu, Aiqin Xiong, Yang Wang, Ping Ma
Oxymatrine (OMT) is an active constituent of traditional Chinese herb Sophora japonica Ait which has been shown to exert potent anti-inflammatory,anti-oxidant and anti-fibrosis properties. Our previous studies have demonstrated that OMT has protective effects on isoproterenol-induced heart failure in rats through regulation of DDAH/ADMA metabolism pathway.In this study,we further investigated whether OMT could attenuate isoproterenol-induced heart failure through the regulation of COX-2/PGI2 pathway. Heart failure was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by 5mg/kg isoproterenol subcutaneous injection for 7days...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Nicole Lüneburg, Patricia Siques, Julio Brito, Karem Arriaza, Eduardo Pena, Hans Klose, Fabiola Leon-Velarde, Rainer H Böger
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and chronic hypoxia (CH) are associated with high-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor, may contribute to HAPH. This study assessed changes in the ADMA/NO pathway and the underlying mechanisms in rat lungs following exposure to CIH or CH simulated in a hypobaric chamber at 428 Torr. Twenty-four adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to three groups: CIH2x2 (2 days of hypoxia/2 days of normoxia), CH, and NX (permanent normoxia), for 30 days...
2016: Pulmonary Medicine
Begoña Quintana-Villamandos, Ana Arnalich-Montiel, Silvia Arribas, Nicole Lüneburg, Rainer H Böger, María Jesús Delgado-Martos, Carmen Fernández-Criado, Emilio Delgado-Baeza, María Carmen González
Our preclinical study demonstrated that esmolol produces early regression of left ventricular hypertrophy in arterial hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of short-term esmolol therapy on the regression of left anterior descending artery remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), and to determine whether the asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)/dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) pathway, a regulator of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, accounted for this regression...
October 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Rhys B Murphy, Sara Tommasi, Benjamin C Lewis, Arduino A Mangoni
Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) is a highly conserved hydrolytic enzyme found in numerous species, including bacteria, rodents, and humans. In humans, the DDAH-1 isoform is known to metabolize endogenous asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and monomethyl arginine (l-NMMA), with ADMA proposed to be a putative marker of cardiovascular disease. Current literature reports identify the DDAH family of enzymes as a potential therapeutic target in the regulation of nitric oxide (NO) production, mediated via its biochemical interaction with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) family of enzymes...
May 11, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Dong Chen, Ke-Qin Zhang, Bo Li, Ding-Qi Sun, Hui Zhang, Qiang Fu
Aging-related ED is predominantly attributed to neurovascular dysfunction mediated by NO suppression and increased oxidative stress in penis. The alterations of protein arginine methyltransferases 1 (PRMT1)/dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH)/asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA)/NO synthase (NOS) pathway regulate NO production in the vascular endothelium. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is one of the most abundant and antioxidative ingredients isolated from green tea. In the present study, 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly distributed into four groups: one young rat group and three aged rat groups treated with daily gavage feedings of EGCG at doses of 0, 10 mg kg-1 and 100 mg kg-1 for 12 weeks, respectively...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
Li Lai, Yohannes T Ghebremariam
Insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) is a configuration of cardiovascular risk factors involved in the development of metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes mellitus. In addition to diet, age, socioeconomic, and environmental factors, genetic factors that impair insulin signaling are centrally involved in the development and exacerbation of IRS. Genetic and pharmacological studies have demonstrated that the nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) genes are critically involved in the regulation of insulin-mediated glucose disposal...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Hong-Bo Xiao, Zi-Kui Liu, Xiang-Yang Lu, Chun-Na Deng, Zhi-Feng Luo
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress may affect PRMT/ADMA/DDAH (protein arginine methyltransferases/asymmetric dimethylarginine/dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase) pathway to impair endothelial dysfunction. The present study was carried out to test the effect of icariin on endothelial function and the mechanisms responsible for this. METHODS: Eighty mice at 12 weeks of age were separated randomly into four groups (n = 20): C57BL/6J control, untreated apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)), two groups of icariin-treated (10 or 30 mg/kg body wt/day, intragastrically) ApoE(-/-)...
December 2015: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Shiro Mizuno, Takeshi Ishizaki, Hirohisa Toga, Akio Sakai, Jainagul Isakova, Elnura Taalaibekova, Zamirbek Baiserkeev, Baktybek Kojonazarov, Almaz Aldashev
Hypoxia-induced and high altitude pulmonary hypertension are a major problem in the mountain areas of the world. The asymmetric methylarginines (ADMA) inhibit nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by competing with L-arginine, and high levels of plasma ADMA predict adverse outcomes in pulmonary hypertension. However, little is known about the regulation of the ADMA-NO pathway in animals adapted to high altitudes. We measured the plasma ADMA concentration, endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAH) protein expression, and DDAH activities in the lungs from yaks...
2015: BioMed Research International
Rossella Menghini, Viviana Casagrande, Marina Cardellini, Marta Ballanti, Francesca Davato, Iris Cardolini, Robert Stoehr, Marta Fabrizi, Monica Morelli, Lucia Anemona, Isabel Bernges, Edzard Schwedhelm, Arnaldo Ippoliti, Alessandro Mauriello, Rainer H Böger, Massimo Federici
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The O subfamily of forkhead (FoxO) 1 is a pivotal element in the regulation of endothelial activation. Compartmentalization and activity of FoxO1 is regulated by post translational modifications, but the implication in endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis remain controversial. Our aim was to identify FoxO1 related metabolic signatures in endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using metabolomics in human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs) overexpressing the wild type FoxO1 (FoxO1-WT), the acetylation defective mutant (FoxO1-KR), the unphosphorylated nuclear localized mutant (FoxO1-ADA) and the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) control vector, we identify metabolic pathways differentially affected by the different FoxO1 localization and activity...
September 2015: Atherosclerosis
B A Lumicisi, J E Cartwright, K Leslie, A E Wallace, G S Whitley
STUDY QUESTION: Does inhibition of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) increase the sensitivity of trophoblasts to TRAIL-induced apoptosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Inhibition of DDAH1, but not DDAH2, increases the sensitivity of trophoblasts to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Successful human pregnancy is dependent on adequate trophoblast invasion and remodelling of the maternal spiral arteries. Increased trophoblast apoptosis is seen in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia...
August 2015: Human Reproduction
J-H Wang, D Chen, K-Q Zhang, H Zhang, Q Fu
The effect of DDAH/ADMA/NOS pathway in penile tissue of rats of different age was investigated to better understand the mechanism of age-related erectile dysfunction (ED). The Sprague Dawley male rats were assigned as the young group (3 month old, n = 10) and the old group (18 month old, n = 10) respectively. Intracavernous pressure (ICP) was measured before and after papaverine intracavernous injection. Pathology structure of penile tissue was evaluated under transmission electron microscope. The expression amounts of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in penile tissue were detected by ELISA; the expression levels of isoform-specific DDAH and NOS were assessed via Western blot...
April 2016: Andrologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"