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Pharmacy Canada

Audrey Tilly-Gratton, Alexandrine Lamontagne, Lucie Blais, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Ernst, Roland Grad, Kim L Lavoie, Martha L McKinney, Eve Desplats, Francine M Ducharme
BACKGROUND: Asthma control remains suboptimal in Canada. Expansion of pharmacist's professional activities offers the opportunity to improve the interdisciplinary management of patients with asthma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement of physicians regarding the expansion of pharmacists' professional activities in the management of asthma patients. METHODS: We conducted a survey of randomly selected Quebec physicians in family medicine, paediatrics and emergency medicine...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Erin Davis, Carlo Marra, John-Michael Gamble, Jamie Farrell, Joe Lockyer, J Mark FitzGerald, Waseem Abu-Ashour, Charlie Gillis, John Hawboldt
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often nonadherent with medications and have poor inhaler technique. Community pharmacists can help to improve health-related quality of life and overall outcomes in patients with COPD. We aim to measure the effectiveness of a systematic, pharmacist-driven intervention on patients with diagnosed COPD. METHODS/DESIGN: This pragmatic, parallel-group, cluster randomized controlled trial is designed to determine the effectiveness of a multifactorial, pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence, inhaler technique, health-related quality of life, health care resource utilization including COPD exacerbations, and use of medications...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Ross T Tsuyuki, Meagen Rosenthal, Glen J Pearson
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease but is suboptimally managed. Pharmacists are accessible primary care professionals and with expanded scopes of practice (including prescribing), could identify and manage patients with dyslipidemia. We sought to evaluate the effect of pharmacist prescribing of dyslipidemia medications on the proportion of participants achieving target LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) levels. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 14 community pharmacies in Alberta, Canada...
September 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Stefanie N Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman, Seena Fazel, Lawrence McCandless, Ric Procyshyn, Julian M Somers
Adherence to antipsychotic medication is a significant challenge among homeless patients. No experimental trials have investigated the impact of Housing First on adherence among patients with schizophrenia. We investigated whether Housing First in congregate and scattered-site configurations resulted in superior adherence compared to usual care. Adult participants (n = 165) met criteria for homelessness, schizophrenia, and initiation of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy prior to recruitment to an unblinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in Vancouver, Canada...
September 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Caroline Sirois, Nicole Ouellet, Emily Reeve
BACKGROUND: While there is evidence that supervised withdrawal of inappropriate medications might be beneficial for individuals with polypharmacy, little is known about their attitudes towards deprescribing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the situation among older community-dwelling Canadians. METHODS: A self-administered survey was adapted from the Patients' Attitudes Towards Deprescribing questionnaire and distributed to 10 community pharmacies and 2 community centers...
August 31, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ubaka Ogbogu, Candace Necyk
BACKGROUND: Reports of regulatory and evidentiary gaps have raised concerns about the marketing and use of natural health products (NHPs). The majority of NHPs offered for sale are purchased at a community pharmacy and pharmacists are "front-line" health professionals involved in the marketing and provision of NHPs. To date, the involvement of pharmacists in pharmacy care involving NHPs and the degree to which concerns over the safety, efficacy, marketing and regulation of NHPs are addressed in pharmacy care in Canada have not been studied...
2016: PloS One
Mary G Turco, Robert B Baron
The 2016 World Congress on Continuing Professional Development: Advancing Learning and Care in the Health Professions took place in San Diego, California, March 17-19, 2016. Hosts were the Association for Hospital Medical Education (AHME), Alliance for Continuing Education in the Health Professionals (ACEhp), and Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education (SACME). The target audience was the international community working to improve medical (CME), nursing (CNE), pharmacy (CPE), and interprofessional (CIPE) continuing education (CE) and continuing professional development (CPD)...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
David F Blackburn, Charity D Evans, Dean T Eurich, Kerry D Mansell, Derek J Jorgenson, Jeff G Taylor, William M Semchuk, Yvonne M Shevchuk, Alfred J Remillard, David A Tran, Anne P Champagne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test a brief intervention for preventing statin nonadherence among community pharmacy patrons. DESIGN: Prospective, cluster-randomized, controlled trial (the Community Pharmacists Assisting in Total Cardiovascular Health [CPATCH] trial). SETTING: Thirty community pharmacies in Saskatchewan, Canada. PATIENTS: Participating pharmacies were randomized to 15 intervention pharmacies where a brief statin adherence intervention was delivered by pharmacists (intervention group [907 patients]) or 15 usual care pharmacies where no statin adherence intervention was delivered (usual care group [999 patients]) to new users of statins (defined as less than 1 yr of statin therapy)...
October 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Srinath Satyanarayana, Ada Kwan, Benjamin Daniels, Ramnath Subbaraman, Andrew McDowell, Sofi Bergkvist, Ranendra K Das, Veena Das, Jishnu Das, Madhukar Pai
BACKGROUND: India's total antibiotic use is the highest of any country. Patients often receive prescription-only drugs directly from pharmacies. Here we aimed to assess the medical advice and drug dispensing practices of pharmacies for standardised patients with presumed and confirmed tuberculosis in India. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study in the three Indian cities Delhi, Mumbai, and Patna, we developed two standardised patient cases: first, a patient presenting with 2-3 weeks of pulmonary tuberculosis symptoms (Case 1); and second, a patient with microbiologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (Case 2)...
August 24, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Kanna Hayashi, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Paul Nguyen, Cathy M Puskas, Silvia Guillemi, Julio S G Montaner, Michael-John Milloy
BACKGROUND: Crack cocaine use is known to contribute to poor adherence to antiretroviral medications; however, little is known about facilitators of or barriers to effective HIV treatment use among HIV-infected crack cocaine users. We sought to identify correlates of optimal pharmacy refill adherence for antiretroviral medications and plasma HIV RNA viral load (pVL) suppression among this population. METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort of HIV-positive people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada, were linked to comprehensive HIV clinical monitoring and pharmacy dispensation records...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Roland N Dickerson, Vanessa J Kumpf, Allison B Blackmer, Angela L Bingham, Anne M Tucker, Joseph V Ybarra, Michael D Kraft, Todd W Canada
PURPOSE: To assist the pharmacy clinician engaged in nutrition support in staying current with the most pertinent literature. METHODS: Several experienced board-certified clinical pharmacists engaged in nutrition support therapy compiled a list of articles published in 2014 and 2015 that they considered to be important to their practice. Only those articles available in print format were considered for potential inclusion. Articles available only in preprint electronic format were not evaluated...
July 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Cheryl Barnabe, Bonnie Healy, Andrew Portolesi, Gilaad G Kaplan, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Charles Weaselhead
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled disease activity in inflammatory diseases of the joints, skin and bowel leads to morbidity and disability. Disease-modifying therapies are widely used to suppress this disease activity, but cost-coverage is variable. For Treaty First Nations and Inuit people in Canada without alternative private or public health insurance, cost-coverage for disease-modifying therapy is provided through Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB). Our objective was to describe the prevalence and patterns of treatment with disease-modifying therapy for the NIHB claimant population, and also examine adjuvant therapy (analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids) use...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
David Peddie, Serena S Small, Katherin Badke, Maeve E Wickham, Chantelle Bailey, Adam Chruscicki, Christine Ackerley, Ellen Balka, Corinne M Hohl
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events (ADEs) are unintended and harmful events related to medication use. Up to 30% of serious ADEs recur within six months because culprit drugs are unintentionally represcribed and redispensed. Improving the electronic communication of ADE information between care providers, and across care settings, has the potential to reduce recurrent ADEs. OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe the methods used to design Action ADE, a novel electronic ADE reporting system that can be leveraged to prevent unintentional reexposures to harmful drugs in British Columbia, Canada...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Putu Duff, Shira Goldenberg, Kathleen Deering, Julio Montaner, Paul Nguyen, Sabina Dobrer, Kate Shannon
OBJECTIVE: Despite global evidence that sex workers (SWs) are disproportionately impacted by HIV, data on HIV treatment outcomes among SWs living with HIV remains sparse. This study examined the correlates of undetectable plasma viral load (pVL) among street- and off-street SWs living with HIV and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Metro Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Analyses drew on data (2010-2014) from a longitudinal cohort of SWs (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access) and confidential linkages with the Drug Treatment Program (DTP) data on ART dispensation and outcomes...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Sarah A Buchan, Laura C Rosella, Michael Finkelstein, David Juurlink, Jennifer Isenor, Fawziah Marra, Anik Patel, Margaret L Russell, Susan Quach, Nancy Waite, Jeffrey C Kwong
BACKGROUND: Uptake of influenza vaccination in Canada remains suboptimal despite widespread public funding. To increase access, several provinces have implemented policies permitting pharmacists to administer influenza vaccines in community pharmacies. We examined the impact of such policies on the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Canada. METHODS: We pooled data from the 2007-2014 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 481 526). To determine the impact of influenza vaccine administration by pharmacists, we estimated the prevalence ratio for the association between the presence of a pharmacist policy and individual-level vaccine uptake using a modified Poisson regression model (dependent variable: vaccine uptake) with normalized weights while controlling for numerous health and sociodemographic factors...
August 8, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Derek Jorgenson, Jonathan Penm, Neil MacKinnon, Jennifer Smith
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacists are increasingly providing specialized services. However, no process exists for specialist certification in Canada. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which Canadian community pharmacists support the development of a certification system for specialization. METHODS: This study utilized a cross-sectional online survey of licensed Canadian pharmacists identified through the member databases of national and regional pharmacy associations...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Alina R Rashid, Mark Duffett
BACKGROUND: Seamless and safe discharge of children from hospital requires successful collaboration with community pharmacists, for whom pediatrics is often a small part of their practice. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to understand community pharmacists' comfort level and confidence in providing care for children. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered online survey of community pharmacists in Ontario, Canada. Respondents rated their comfort and confidence on a scale of 1 to 7 in each of 3 scenarios: oral morphine, prednisone, and amoxicillin...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Damian Swieczkowski, Patryk Poniatowski, Piotr Merks, Milosz Jaguszewski
The pharmaceutical care is a pharmacist's contribution to the care of individual patients and leads to optimize the use of drugs. The pharmaceutical care may improve adherence, clinical effectiveness of providing therapy and improve the health-related quality of life. The conducted literature review confirmed that pharmaceutical care and advanced pharmaceutical services are clinical effective in asthma. The implementation of pharmaceutical care under Polish conditions is currently insufficient and remains challenging for the future...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Sébastien Dupuis, Alexis Martel, Taha Arfa, Joannah Valma, David R Williamson, Marc M Perreault
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society of Hospital Pharmacists promotes the recruitment of residency-trained pharmacists for work in hospitals and related health care settings. However, Quebec hospitals are still hiring non-residency trained pharmacists, in part because of a severe shortage of hospital pharmacists. To date, no studies have examined the factors influencing the career choices of fourth-year pharmacy students in Canada. OBJECTIVES: To identify motivating factors and barriers influencing students' decision to pursue a hospital pharmacy residency...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
Majed Al-Ahmadi, Alejandro Lazo-Langner, Joy Mangel, Ally Dhalla Phm, Kevin Liu, Leonard Minuk
BACKGROUND: Between March 2012 and March 2013, a miscommunication in labelling between the drug compounder supplier and cancer centre pharmacies resulted in accidental overdilution of cyclophosphamide and gemcitabine used by several cancer centres in Canada. At our centre, 177 hematology patients were affected, among whom the largest subset of patients was those with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. In this study, we evaluated the effect of such underdosing on disease response. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving all patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received at least 1 chemotherapy cycle containing diluted cyclophosphamide at our centre and compared them with a historical group of patients matched by stage and age...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
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