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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764647/a-preceptor-competency-framework-for-pharmacists-part-2-of-a-3-part-series
#1
REVIEW
Sheila Walter, Katrina Mulherin, Craig D Cox
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy faculties in Canada are transitioning to the doctor of pharmacy degree which will require approximately one-third of curricula contact time in experiential education. Preceptors will be responsible for delivering this experiential component and many have received little or no training in how to be an effective educator. Although training is mandated through accreditation standards, competencies to serve as a foundation for preceptor development have yet to be created...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764628/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-influential-evidence-and-theory-the-first-of-a-3-part-series
#2
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752204/medication-abortion-potential-for-improved-patient-access-through-pharmacies
#3
Sarah Raifman, Megan Orlando, Sally Rafie, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the potential for improving access to early abortion care through pharmacies in the United States. SUMMARY: Despite the growing use of medications to induce termination of early pregnancy, pharmacist involvement in abortion care is currently limited. The Food and Drug Administration's Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) for Mifeprex® (mifepristone 200 mg), the principal drug used in early medication abortion, prohibits the dispensing of the drug by prescription at pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724436/is-it-safe-to-re-access-sodium-bicarbonate-bottles-for-use-in-minor-surgery
#4
Lindsay Bjornson, Marija Bucevska, Peter Tilley, Cynthia Verchere
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sodium bicarbonate is added to lidocaine to reduce injection pain. In Canada, it is available in vials exceeding the injection volume 100-fold. These are single-use vials that should be disposed of after one access. Some surgeons re-use vials to reduce waste, potentially causing contamination. This study aims to review the safety of sodium bicarbonate and assess alternatives to current practice. METHODS: Strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia cepacia were used to assess bacterial growth in vials of sodium bicarbonate...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709530/beliefs-influencing-community-pharmacists-interventions-with-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-theory-based-qualitative-study
#5
Patricia Quintana-Bárcena, Lyne Lalonde, Sophie Lauzier
BACKGROUND: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Community pharmacists are ideally positioned to manage these DRPs. However, little is known about the factors influencing their interventions with CKD patients. OBJECTIVES: Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this qualitative study sought to: (1) explore the behavioral beliefs (perceived advantages and disadvantages), normative beliefs (perceived expectations of significant others) and control beliefs (perceived barriers and facilitators) influencing community pharmacists' interventions related to identifying and managing DRPs in CKD; and (2) compare these beliefs among three DRPs prevalent in CKD patients...
April 6, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704169/how-are-competency-frameworks-perceived-and-taught-an-exploratory-study-in-the-context-of-pharmacy-education
#6
Elise Paradis, Rebecca Zhao, Jamie Kellar, Alison Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Faculties of Pharmacy worldwide have to adapt their curriculum to accreditation criteria. The present study explored how the Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada's (AFPC's) 2010 Educational Outcomes are perceived and taught at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy (LDFP). These outcomes were adapted from the CanMeds Physician Competency Framework which describes both medical expert and non-expert roles. METHODS: We wondered if pharmacy would struggle, as medicine has, to integrate these roles into curricula in meaningful ways, given the absence of previous studies from Pharmacy...
April 27, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699784/smartphone-app-uses-loyalty-point-incentives-and-push-notifications-to-encourage-influenza-vaccine-uptake
#7
Leila Pfaeffli Dale, Lauren White, Marc Mitchell, Guy Faulkner
PURPOSE: Carrot Rewards is a free, incentive-based, smartphone health app available in participating provinces in Canada. One feature of Carrot was designed to incentivize influenza vaccine education messages and encourage vaccine uptake for users in the province of British Columbia. This study aimed to evaluate the uptake of the Carrot Flu Campaign educational quiz and to determine if mobile "push" notifications, plus loyalty point incentives, resulted in users visiting a sponsored pharmacy to discuss and receive the influenza vaccine...
April 23, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672845/drug-induced-proarrhythmia-and-torsade-de-pointes-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#8
REVIEW
J Rick Turner, Ignacio Rodriguez, Emily Mantovani, Gary Gintant, Peter R Kowey, Ralph J Klotzbaugh, Krishna Prasad, Philip T Sager, Norman Stockbridge, Colette Strnadova
Multiple marketing withdrawals due to proarrhythmic concerns occurred in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom in the late 1980s to early 2000s. This primer reviews the clinical implications of a drug's identified proarrhythmic liability, the issues associated with these safety-related withdrawals, and the actions taken by the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) and by regulatory agencies in terms of changing drug development practices and introducing new nonclinical and clinical tests to asses proarrhythmic liability...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611088/the-impact-of-care-specialty-on-survival-adjusted-medical-costs-of-copd-patients-after-a-hospitalization-a-longitudinal-analysis
#9
Wenjia Chen, Don D Sin, J Mark FitzGerald, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of care provider's specialty on the medical costs of COPD patients over time. OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term medical costs between newly hospitalized COPD patients whose post-discharge care was initiated by a pulmonary specialist versus by a general practitioner. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: We identified patients with an incident COPD-related hospitalization from the administrative health database (January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2012) of British Columbia, Canada...
April 2, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609153/the-effect-of-housing-first-on-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#10
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a public health crisis in North America, and those who are homeless are particularly vulnerable. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) may prevent overdose and death among homeless people with opioid dependence, but suboptimal medication adherence is a common limitation. Previous research found that Housing First (HF) increases antipsychotic medication adherence among formerly homeless people. However, no experimental trials have examined whether HF has a significant impact on MMT adherence...
March 30, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578847/development-of-quality-indicators-to-assess-oral-anticoagulant-management-in-community-pharmacies-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Mylène Chartrand, Line Guénette, Denis Brouillette, Stéphane Côté, Roger Huot, Jérôme Landry, Josée Martineau, Sylvie Perreault, Brian White-Guay, David Williamson, Élisabeth Martin, Marie-Mireille Gagnon, Lyne Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the quality of oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists. There is no complete set of quality indicators available for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of specific quality indicators to assess oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Quality indicators were developed in 3 phases. In phase 1, potential quality indicators were generated based on clinical guidelines and a literature review...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531630/medical-assistance-in-dying-examining-canadian-pharmacy-perspectives-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#12
Lee Verweel, Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Taranom Movahedi, Allan H Malek
Background: Canada legalized assisted dying with the passing of Bill C-14, Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), in June 2016. This legislation has implications for health care professionals participating in MAiD. This research aims to understand the effect that MAiD has on pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted a thematic document analysis of pharmacy guidelines, position statements and standards of practice from pharmacy regulatory authorities across Canada...
March 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519714/impact-of-the-adalimumab-patient-support-program-s-care-coach-calls-on-persistence-and-adherence-in-canada-an-observational-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
John K Marshall, Louis Bessette, Carter Thorne, Neil H Shear, Gerald Lebovic, Sebastien K Gerega, Brad Millson, Driss Oraichi, Tania Gaetano, Sandra Gazel, Martin G Latour, Marie-Claude Laliberté
PURPOSE: Adalimumab (ADA) is a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor indicated for use in various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Patients receiving ADA in Canada are eligible to enroll in the AbbVie Care's Patient Support Program (PSP), which provides personalized services, including tailored interventions in the form of nurse-provided care coach calls (CCCs), with the goal of improving patients' experiences and outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PSP services, including CCCs and patient characteristics, on persistence with and adherence to ADA for those patients enrolled in the PSP...
March 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492957/empowering-hospitalized-older-adults-to-deprescribe-sedative-hypnotics-a-pilot-study
#14
Marnie Goodwin Wilson, Todd C Lee, Aaron Hass, Cara Tannenbaum, Emily G McDonald
OBJECTIVES: To distribute the EMPOWER patient education brochure and use hospitalization as an opportunity to reduce inappropriate sedatives. DESIGN: Participants were sequentially recruited until we achieved 30-day follow-up telephone and pharmacy records for 50 individuals. The proportion meeting the primary outcome was compared with that of a control cohort and with rates of cessation achieved in the community. SETTING: Fifty-two-bed medical clinical teaching unit in Montréal, Canada...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#15
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n  = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384023/prevalence-and-management-of-drug-related-problems-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-by-severity-level-a-subanalysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-community-pharmacies
#16
Patricia Quintana-Bárcena, Anne Lord, Annie Lizotte, Djamal Berbiche, Lyne Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are prevalent among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, little is known about their severity and management by community pharmacists. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the prevalence of DRPs by severity level in CKD patients and (b) assess the effect of a training-and-communication network program in nephrology (ProFiL) on these DRPs. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of the ProFiL-program...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367768/components-of-a-measure-to-describe-organizational-culture-in-academic-pharmacy
#17
Shane Desselle, Meagen Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, Leela Raja
Objective. To develop a measure of organizational culture in academic pharmacy and identify characteristics of an academic pharmacy program that would be impactful for internal (eg, students, employees) and external (eg, preceptors, practitioners) clients of the program. Methods. A three-round Delphi procedure of 24 panelists from pharmacy schools in the U.S. and Canada generated items based on the Organizational Culture Profile (OCP), which were then evaluated and refined for inclusion in subsequent rounds...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359446/trends-and-uptake-of-new-formulations-of-controlled-release-oxycodone-in-canada
#18
Tara Gomes, Sonia Jain, J Michael Paterson, Ingrid Sketris, Patricia Caetano, David Henry
PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of changing availability of tamper-deterrent and non-tamper-deterrent oxycodone on prescribing patterns of controlled-release oxycodone across Canada. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, serial cross-sectional study of controlled-release oxycodone dispensing from community pharmacies across Canada between October 2007 and April 2016. We calculated rates of dispensing (tablets per 100 population) and reported the relative market share of generic non-tamper-deterrent controlled-release oxycodone...
January 23, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358030/the-future-of-pharmacy-practice-research-perspectives-of-academics-and-practitioners-from-australia-nz-united-kingdom-canada-and-usa
#19
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Shane Scahill, Raveena Amee Nagaria, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is under significant pressure with the explosion of long term conditions, shift in worldwide demographics and is evolving through advances in technology. Aligned with this is the changing role of pharmacy from the traditional dispenser of medicines to having (in addition) a more advanced clinical role. This study aimed to understand what the pharmacy practice research agenda might look like from the viewpoint of pharmacy academics and practitioners across five high-income countries...
January 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337865/pharmacokinetics-and-drug-metabolism-in-canada-the-current-landscape-a-summary-of-this-indispensable-special-issue
#20
EDITORIAL
Neal M Davies, Kishor M Wasan
Canadian Pharmaceutical Scientists have a rich history of groundbreaking research in pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism undertaken primarily throughout its Pharmacy Faculties and within the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology industry.[...].
January 16, 2018: Pharmaceutics
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