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Uterine cervix cancer

L-C Horn, C E Brambs, R Handzel, S Lax, I Sändig, D Schmidt, K Schierle
The World Health Organization (WHO) classification from 2014 differentiates between different subtypes of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. A gastric subtype was recently described that showed no association with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, has a poor prognosis, is mainly diagnosed in women of Asian origin and can occur in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Although no clear grading system has been recommended in the WHO classification, it is likely that grading of adenocarcinomas of the uterine cervix will partly be based on the different patterns of invasion...
October 20, 2016: Der Pathologe
Jeni Staykova, Tanja Belovska, Ayla Murad, Sevinch Kakid, Aneta Nacheva, Evelina Shikova
AIM: Although sexually transmitted viral infections are significant and increasing public health concern, little is known about their prevalence among Bulgarian women. The aim of this study was to investigate cervical viral infections in asymptomatic women. METHODS: The study group included 52 randomly selected asymptomatic female volunteers from Bulgarian border town Kardzhali. Cervical specimens were tested by real-time PCR for human papillomaviruses (HPV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
S F Lax, K F Tamussino, P F Lang
Malignancies of the uterus metastasize by direct invasion of neighboring structures, lymphatically or hematogenously. Endometrial and cervical cancers lymphatically spread to the pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes. For endometrial cancer the depth of myometrial invasion, lymphosvascular space involvement (LVSI) and a microcystic, elongated and fragmented (MELF) glandular invasion pattern are predictors for lymph node metastases. Metastases to the pelvic lymph nodes occur in approximately 10 % of endometrial cancer patients and in 30 % of these cases the para-aortic lymph nodes are also involved...
October 18, 2016: Der Pathologe
Eric Leblanc, Fabrice Narducci, Lucie Bresson, Delphine Hudry
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of an oncologically acceptable management for an intermediate-risk endometrial cancer (EC) in an elderly, using the combination of transvaginal single-port laparoscopy and sentinel node policy. METHODS: For this 85-years old patient, BMI 32kg/m(2), with IB grade 2 endometrioid EC, a single vaginal approach was attempted [1] to perform a total hysterectomy, bilateral salpinago-oophorectomy and pelvic node assessment guided by SND [2]...
October 13, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Ki-Jin Ryu, Sanghoon Lee, Kyung-Jin Min, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Yun Song, Jae Kwan Lee, Nak Woo Lee
Current ASCCP guidelines recommend repeat cytology 12 months after HPV-positive results in women aged 21-24 years with either atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). The purpose of this study was to validate an algorithm in such women with ASCUS or LSIL. A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out at three academic hospitals involving 40,847 Korean women who underwent cervical cancer screening with cytology and HPV testing with or without subsequent colposcopic biopsies between January 2007 and December 2013...
October 7, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Jen-Yu Cheng, Eng-Yen Huang, Shun-Neng Hsu, Chong-Jong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the dose distributions of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) using the simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) technique to that of the traditional midline-block (MB) technique for boosting the parametrium in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS: Treatment plans using VMAT or IMRT with the SIB technique (VMAT-SIB and IMRT-SIB) and IMRT followed by the MB technique (IMRT-MB) were generated for each of 10 cervical cancer patients...
October 6, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Hsin-Hung Wu, Yu-Fan Liu, Shun-Fa Yang, Wea-Lung Lin, Shiuan-Chih Chen, Chih-Ping Han, Hsiang-Ling Wang, Long-Yau Lin, Po-Hui Wang
To date, no study associated the genetic polymorphisms of high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) with the development of uterine cervical cancer. We therefore conducted this study to investigate the associations of HMGB1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with cervical carcinogenesis and clinicopathological characteristics of cancer patients. Five hundred two women, including 112 with invasive cancer, 85 with precancerous lesions of the uterine cervix, and 305 normal controls, were consecutively enrolled into this study...
October 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Ainaz Sourati, Morteza Tabatabeifar, Mahdiss Mohamadianamiri
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyosarcoma has known as a highly malignant soft tissue sarcoma. It has been the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood, accounting for about 3 to 4 % of all cases of childhood cancer. Rhabdomyosarcoma was rare in adults, accounting for 3% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of female genital tract including uterine cervix in an adult was rare. CASE PRESENTATION: This study has reported a 33-year-old woman presented with abnormal vaginal discharge...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
K Kagawa, K Tarutani, T Hashimoto, K Yabuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
W H Hou, T E Schultheiss, J Y C Wong, M T Wakabayashi, Y J Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Rainer Kimmig, Peter Rusch, Paul Buderath, Bahriye Aktas
Superior hypogastric plexus (SHG) contains mainly sympathetic and most probably also postganglionic parasympathetic fibers. Thus, surgical damage of SHG may cause autonomic pelvic organ dysfunction (Kraima et al., 2015). As already shown for rectal cancer, preservation of the autonomic nerves is facilitated by robotic surgery and may avoid sexual dysfunctions and voiding disorders (Kim et al., 2015). In this educational video, we demonstrate left lower paraaortic lymph node dissection preserving the SHG using ICG fluorescence to label the lymphatic compartment...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Amuthachelvi Daniel, Leena Joseph
Raman spectroscopy and mapping are capable of probing the molecular changes due to oncogenesis. Here Raman maps of cervical tissues under different pathological conditions were studied. Multivariate analytical methods were utilized to reconstruct these Raman maps and were compared with Hematoxylin and Eosin stained histological images. The maps showed clear differences between the different regions of the tissue and there were spectral changes associated with neoplasia and malignancy. A semi-quantitative biochemical modeling was carried out to quantify these spectral changes and the relative contributions of the biochemicals...
September 23, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Z M Li, L Q Zeng, X H Peng, L Z Mao, X L Sun, Y H Li, X P Luo
Objective: To study the clinical and pathological characteristics of HPV-negative cervical cancer patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 785 cervical cancer patients in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from Jan. 2005 to Oct. 2015. By detecting high- risk HPV infection by flow-through hybridization genechip technique. Results: (1)Among 785 cases of cervical cancer, 71 cases were negative for HPV infection tested by genechip technique, accounting for 9.0%(71/785), and the relative light units/cut off(RLU/CO)ratios of these 71 cases were less than 1 by hybird capture Ⅱ(HC-Ⅱ)methods...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Heloisa de Andrade Carvalho, Lucas Castro Mendez, Silvia Radwanski Stuart, Roger Guilherme Rodrigues Guimarães, Clarissa Cerchi Angotti Ramos, Lucas Assad de Paula, Camila Pessoa de Sales, André Tsin Chih Chen, Roberto Blasbalg, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
PURPOSE: To evaluate tumor shrinking kinetics in order to implement image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) for the treatment of patients with cervix cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study has prospectively evaluated tumor shrinking kinetics of thirteen patients with uterine cervix cancer treated with combined chemoradiation. Four high dose rate brachytherapy fractions were delivered during the course of pelvic external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams were acquired at diagnosis (D), first (B1), and third (B3) brachytherapy fractions...
August 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Juan Zhou, San-Gang Wu, Jia-Yuan Sun, Feng-Yan Li, Huan-Xin Lin, Qiong-Hua Chen, Zhen-Yu He
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I to IVA squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma (AC), and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the uterine cervix after definitive radiotherapy. METHODS: Patients with a primary diagnosis of FIGO stage I-IVA SCC, AC, and ASC of the uterine cervix who had undergone definitive beam radiation with implants or isotopes between 1988 and 2013 were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Raymond H Kim, Lisa Allen, Abha Gupta, Taymaa May
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the cervix in young women successfully treated with fertility-sparing surgery and chemotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, three cases of ERMS of the cervix were confirmed in young women at a single tertiary cancer center. All cases were managed by a pediatric oncologist and a gynecologic oncologist with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. Fertility-sparing surgeries (cervical conization or robotic-assisted radical trachelectomy) were offered to patients depending on the tumor size...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
D Schmidt
The correlation between the cytological findings from the PAP smear and the histological outcome in cases where the cytological findings must be histologically verified, is an integral component of the German screening program for cervical cancer. These data are collected nationwide as part of a benchmarking process by the individual Associations of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KV) in the federal states and reported to the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV) in Berlin...
September 15, 2016: Der Pathologe
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Cora Schneidinger, Heinz Kölbl, Klaus Bodner
AIM: To evaluate pre-treatment serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level as a prognostic parameter in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-treatment CRP levels were analyzed to determine potential associations with clinicopathological parameters and to assess prognostic value in 46 patients with sole adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. RESULTS: The mean (±SD) pre-treatment serum CRP level was 5.82 (7...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Tomasz Rechberger, Paweł Miotła, Konrad Futyma, Alicja Ziętek, Aleksandra Filipczak, Ewa Rechberger, Justyna Szumiło, Aneta Adamiak-Godlewska
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive gynaecological surgeries are performed for several malignant and nonmalignant indications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of unexpected malignancies among women who underwent laparoscopical supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) with power morcellation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included clinical data of 426 consecutive female patients who underwent LASH with power morcellation due to presumed benign disorders (78...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Youyi Song, Ee-Leng Tan, Xudong Jiang, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Dong Ni, Siping Chen, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang
Accurate segmentation of cervical cells in Pap smear images is an important step in automatic pre-cancer identification in the uterine cervix. One of the major segmentation challenges is overlapping of cytoplasm, which has not been well-addressed in previous studies. To tackle the overlapping issue, this paper proposes a learning-based method with robust shape priors to segment individual cell in Pap smear images to support automatic monitoring of changes in cells, which is a vital prerequisite of early detection of cervical cancer...
September 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
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