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Uterine cervix cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796747/morphologic-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-endometrium-and-cervix-in-comparison-to-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#1
Baohui Ju, Jianmei Wang, Bo Yang, Lin Sun, Yuhong Guo, Quan Hao, Jianghua Wu
Endometrial clear cell carcinoma (ECCC) and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix (CCAC) are uncommon gynecologic cancers that have morphologic and phenotypic features similar to ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), but the 3 entities may not be completely identical. This study identified the morphologic and phenotypic characteristics and the differences between ECCC and CCAC in Comparison to OCCC. The morphologic features of 16 ECCCs, 7 CCACs, and 22 OCCCs are described. The immunoprofiles of hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 1β, napsin A, estrogen, progesterone, p53, and Ki-67 were assessed...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777141/cytologic-histologic-discrepancies-in-pathology-of-the-uterine-cervix-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-pathologic-factors
#2
Fadi W Abdul-Karim, Bin Yang
Cytologic-histologic correlation (CHC) represents a documented effort to obtain and compare, when available, gynecologic cytology reports with an interpretation of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, with the subsequent histopathology report, and to determine the possible cause of any discrepancy. The correlation is influenced by multiple closely interdependent clinical and pathologic factors. Many of these factors including the sensitivity and accuracy of colposcopy-directed biopsy, the diligence of the colposcopist, and the attributes of the cervical lesion represent "preanalytical" factors which can significantly affect the CHC outcome, but are often less emphasized during CHC process...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768676/role-of-metastasectomy-and-chemotherapy-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#3
Nasir Ali, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi
Squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix is potentially a curable disease; however, many patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy develop distant metastases, with few of them having a single metastatic deposit. There are no guidelines for the treatment of patients with oligometastatic cervical cancer.We present a case of a patient with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage IIB squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. She was successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with definitive intent...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763739/risk-of-malignancy-on-suspicion-of-polyps-in-menopausal-women
#4
Sandra Bel, Camille Billard, Julien Godet, Victor Viviani, Cherif Akladios, Aline Host, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisrame, Michel Hummel, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Lise Lecointre, Olivier Garbin
Improved performances in gynaecological ultrasonography have enabled an increasing number of often asymptomatic endometrial polyps to be detected. Most of these polyps are removed surgically, as a precautionary measure, so as not to miss a case of endometrial cancer. Nonetheless, this management strategy is based solely on the sonographer's judgement and a number of these operations, which are probably of no benefit, could be avoided. In order to do so, risk factors for malignancy need to be identified. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of lesions in menopausal patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of endometrial polyp...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761376/the-impact-of-examined-lymph-node-count-on-survival-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#5
Juan Zhou, Wen-Wen Zhang, San-Gang Wu, Zhen-Yu He, Jia-Yuan Sun, Yan Wang, Qiong-Hua Chen
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic impact of the number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) in different histological subtypes of cervical cancer remains unclear. We aimed to assess the impact of the number of ELNs in stage IA2-IIA cervical cancer with different histological subtypes. METHODS: Data of patients with stage IA2-IIA squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) of the uterine cervix between 1988 and 2013 were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730962/phosphonium-salt-displays-cytotoxic-effects-against-human-cancer-cell-lines
#6
Dhanyalayam Dhanya, Giuseppe Palma, AnnaRita Cappello, Annaluisa Mariconda, Maria Stefania Sinicropi, Francesca Giordano, Vitale Del Vecchio, Anna Ramunno, Claudio Arra, Pasquale Longo, Carmela Saturnino
Aims/ Objective: Phosphonium salts are compounds whose structural characteristics enable them to cross the plasma and mitochondrial membrane with ease. Cancer cells have higher plasma membrane potentials than normal cells, phosphonium salts selectively accumulate in the mitochondria of neoplastic cells and inhibit mitochondrial function. METHOD: In the presente work, we investigate the cytotoxic activity of lipophilic phosphonium salt (11-methoxy11-oxo-undecyl) triphenylphosphonium bromide (MUTP) as well as of two new phosphine oxide salts, 3,3'-(methylphosphoryl) dibenzenaminium chloride (SBAMPO) and 3,3' (phenylphosphoryl) dibenzenaminium chloride (SBAPPO) on the proliferation of breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and human uterin cervix adenocarcinoma cells (HeLa)...
July 19, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702779/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-fallopian-tube-metastases-from-primary-endometrial-cervical-and-nongynecological-malignancies-a-single-institutional-experience
#7
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
This study was aimed at investigating the clinicopathological characteristics of tubal metastases originating from primary endometrial, cervical, and nongynecological malignancies. We performed a 4-year retrospective study in which fallopian tube tissues obtained from 60 patients with tubal metastases were examined. In addition, we compared the number of tubal metastasis cases detected during periods of representative or whole tubal sampling. Twenty-three and 37 tubal metastases were found in cases examined after representative and whole tubal sampling techniques, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701894/volume-measurement-by-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-cervical-cancer
#8
Shinya Fujii, Naoki Iwata, Chie Inoue, Naoko Mukuda, Takeru Fukunaga, Toshihide Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the validity of tumor volume measurement using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging in cervical cancer. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients, who underwent preoperative 3.0 T MR examinations with DW imaging were evaluated. Tumor volume measurement by oblique axial (short axis to the uterine cervix) T2-weighted imaging was performed by manually outlining the tumor on the monitor. The area of tumor in each slice was multiplied by the slice profile (slice thickness plus intersection gap), and the total tumor volume was calculated by summation of these obtained volumes...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700431/methods-for-measuring-and-staging-a-uterine-cervical-adenocarcinoma-showing-intracystic-papillary-growth-a-case-report
#9
Hiroshi Yoshida, Shunichi Ikeda, Takafumi Tsukada, Reiko Watanabe, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Tomoyasu Kato
Endocervical adenocarcinomas usually demonstrate infiltrative and/or destructive invasion, and the depth and horizontal extent of the invasion are known to have prognostic utility. Here, we report the unusual case of a patient with endocervical adenocarcinoma showing intracystic papillary growth and discuss our methods for measuring and staging this lesion. A 45-yr-old Japanese woman (gravida, 0; para, 0) underwent a cone biopsy for squamous cell carcinoma in situ and atypical glandular cells. Macroscopically, an intracystic tumor (∼7...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697913/uterine-transposition-technique-and-a-case-report
#10
Reitan Ribeiro, Juliano Camargo Rebolho, Fernanda Keiko Tsumanuma, Giovana Gugelmin Brandalize, Carlos Henrique Trippia, Karam Abou Saab
OBJECTIVE: To report the first uterine transposition for fertility preservation in a patient with rectal cancer. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Community hospital. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old patient with stage cT3N1M0 rectal adenocarcinoma located 5 cm from the anal margin. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic transposition of the uterus to the upper abdomen, outside of the scope of radiation, was performed to preserve fertility...
July 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661577/atypical-uterine-cervix-metastases-from-invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#11
Carmen Parrilla, Israel Barco, Ares Pedrerol, Antoni Pessarrodona, Nuria Giménez, Antonio García-Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643755/prognostic-significance-of-tumor-volume-as-determined-on-3d-ultrasound-scan-in-uterine-cervix-cancer-treated-by-radiotherapy
#12
Shelly Srivastava, Surendra Kumar Saini, Awadhesh Kumar Dixit, Deepti Dwivedi
AIMS: The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate prognostic significance of tumor volume determined by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound scan in uterine cervix cancer patients treated by radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 patients of Stage IB2-IIIB were studied and analyzed. Cervical tumor volume was determined by 3D ultrasound scan. Two groups were made on the basis of volume on ultrasound scan (Group 1 <40 cc = 36 and Group 2 >40 cc = 31)...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631565/genetic-and-epigenetic-alterations-affecting-park-2-expression-in-cervical-neoplasm-among-north-indian-patients
#13
Afreen Naseem, Zafar Iqbal Bhat, Ponnusamy Kalaiarasan, Bhupender Kumar, Gauri Gandhi, M Moshahid Alam Rizvi
The recent investigation on PARK-2, a putative tumor suppressor gene, has found that it has been altered in multiple human malignancies. However, the clinical impact of PARK-2 alteration in uterine cervix carcinoma has not yet been studied. Therefore, we aimed to examine mutations, promoter hypermethylation, and protein expression of PARK-2 among the North Indian patients and their association with clinical parameters to evaluate the implication of PARK-2 in the genesis of cervical cancer. A total of 168 patient samples were processed for mutational analysis by single-strand conformation polymorphism, sequencing, and further in silico analysis of the identified mutations...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614543/cytopathologic-evaluation-of-patients-submitted-to-radiotherapy-for-uterine-cervix-cancer
#14
Cátia Martins Leite Padilha, Mário Lúcio Cordeiro Araújo, Sergio Augusto Lopes de Souza
Cervical cancer is an important public health problem. Pap smear is the leading strategy of screening programs for cervical cancer worldwide. However, delayed diagnosis leads to more aggressive and less effective treatments. Patients with uterine cervix malignancies who are referred for radiotherapy have advanced-stage disease, which results in high rates of locoregional recurrence. The use of radiotherapy as a treatment for cervical cancer causes morphological changes in neoplastic and non-neoplastic epithelial cells, as well as in stromal cells, which make it difficult to diagnose the residual lesion, resulting in a dilemma in cytopathological routine...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593776/-ultrasound-staging-of-stage-i-ii-endometrial-cancer-analysis-of-own-file-in-the-years-2012-2016
#15
O Míka, J Kožnarová, P Sak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound staging of early stage endometrial cancer depending on grading, evaluation of ultrasound examination accuracy growing overtime with gained experience of examiners and comparison of subjective versus objective modalities of deep myometrial invasion assessment in the file of patients who were referred in The Oncogyneacologic Center, Department of Gyneacology and Obstetrics in České Budějovice. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585749/glycan-profiling-using-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissues-hippeastrum-hybrid-lectin-is-a-sensitive-biomarker-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#16
Akiko Tozawa-Ono, Manabu Kubota, Chika Honma, Yuko Nakagawa, Noriyuki Yokomichi, Norihito Yoshioka, Chiharu Tsuda, Tatsuru Ohara, Hirotaka Koizumi, Nao Suzuki
AIM: Glycosylation of proteins is altered in cancer cells and distinctive glycan structures are associated with specific cancers, but little is known about the complete glycan profile of particular tumors. In this study, glycomic analysis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix was performed to search for useful markers. METHODS: A lectin microarray containing 45 lectins with different binding preferences that covered N- and O-linked glycans was coupled with evanescent field-activated fluorescent detection for glycomic analysis of SCC and normal squamous epithelium (NSE) of the cervix...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583891/the-prognostic-value-of-histologic-subtype-in-node-positive-early-stage-cervical-cancer-after-hysterectomy-and-adjuvant-radiotherapy
#17
Juan Zhou, Wen-Wen Zhang, San-Gang Wu, Zhen-Yu He, Jia-Yuan Sun, Guo-Fen Yang, Feng-Yan Li
BACKGROUND: To assess the survival outcomes in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I-IIA adenocarcinoma (AC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix after hysterectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Patients with a primary diagnosis of FIGO stage I-IIA AC or SCC of the uterine cervix after hysterectomy and adjuvant RT between 1988 and 2012 were included using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572602/in-vivo-imaging-of-uterine-cervix-with-a-mueller-polarimetric-colposcope
#18
Jérémy Vizet, Jean Rehbinder, Stanislas Deby, Stéphane Roussel, André Nazac, Ranya Soufan, Catherine Genestie, Christine Haie-Meder, Hervé Fernandez, François Moreau, Angelo Pierangelo
Mueller polarimetric imaging enables the detection and quantification of modifications of the collagen fibers in the uterine cervix due to the development of a precancerous lesion. This information is not accessible through the use of the classic colposcope, a low magnification microscope used in current practice for cervical cancer screening. However, the in vivo application of Mueller polarimetric imaging poses an instrumental challenge: the device should be sufficiently compact, while still being able to perform fast and accurate acquisition of Mueller matrices in real-world conditions...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571246/a-comparative-analysis-of-two-different-dose-fractionation-regimens-of-high-dose-rate-intracavitary-brachytherapy-in-treatment-of-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix-a-prospective-randomized-study
#19
Bonala Sreenivasa Rao, Pranabandhu Das, Bala Venkata Subramanian, Amitabh Jena, Patnayak Rashmi, V L Anusha Konakalla, Kuna Jayasree
INTRODUCTION: High Dose Rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy is an integral component in treatment of carcinoma uterine cervix. There is no consensus about optimal fractionation in HDR brachytherapy. AIM: To assess the feasibility, tolerability of HDR intracavitary brachytherapy schedule of 8 Gy per fraction per week for 3 fractions over 6Gy per fraction per week for 4 fractions with or without chemotherapy in the treatment of carcinoma of uterine cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2013 to 2014 total 80 patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix (Stages IIB and IIIB) were treated with External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) and High Dose Rate Intracavitary Brachytherapy (HDR- ICBT)...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562669/design-and-preliminary-analysis-of-a-vaginal-inserter-for-speculum-free-cervical-cancer-screening
#20
Mercy Nyamewaa Asiedu, Júlia Agudogo, Marlee S Krieger, Robert Miros, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, John W Schmitt, Nimmi Ramanujam
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer screening usually requires use of a speculum to provide a clear view of the cervix. The speculum is one potential barrier to screening due to fear of pain, discomfort and embarrassment. The aim of this paper is to present and demonstrate the feasibility of a tampon-sized inserter and the POCkeT Colposcope, a miniature pen sized-colposcope, for comfortable, speculum-free and potentially self-colposcopy. STUDY DESIGN: We explored different designs using 3D computer-aided design (CAD) software and performed mechanical testing simulations on each...
2017: PloS One
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