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Uterine cervix cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223433/global-cancer-in-women-burden-and-trends
#1
Lindsey A Torre, Farhad Islami, Rebecca L Siegel, Elizabeth M Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
There are striking disparities in the global cancer burden in women, yet few publications highlight cancer occurrence in this population, particularly for cancers that are not sex-specific. This paper, the first in a series of two, summarizes the current burden, trends, risk factors, prevention, early detection, and survivorship of all cancers combined and seven sites (breast, cervix, uterine corpus, ovary, colorectum, lung, and liver) that account for about 60% of the cancer burden among women worldwide, using data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214204/detection-of-occult-endocervical-glandular-dysplasia-in-cervical-conization-specimens-for-squamous-lesions
#2
F Sopracordevole, N Clemente, L Alessandrini, J Di Giuseppe, F Cigolot, M Buttignol, A Ciavattini, V Canzonieri
The aim of this work was to evaluate the incidence of occult cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia (CGIN) and adenocarcinoma of the cervix (AC) in women treated with CO2-laser conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or squamocellular cervical cancer (SCC). The medical records of all women with a histological diagnosis of squamous lesions of the uterine cervix (persistent CIN1, CIN2, CIN3 and SCC) who were subsequently treated with CO2-laser conization at our institution, during the period from January 1991 to December 2014, were analyzed in a retrospective case series...
January 12, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209456/the-role-of-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-in-gynaecological-cancers-a-systematic-review
#3
L C Mendez, E Leung, P Cheung, L Barbera
AIMS: To summarise and evaluate the current literature in gynaecological tumours treated with stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) through a systematic review using the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search through Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases resulted in 22 pertinent manuscripts. Selected studies evaluated the locoregional role of SABR in gynaecological tumours, regardless of SABR clinical indication...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208988/cisplatin-induced-renal-insufficiency-measured-by-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-99mtc-dtpa-and-by-using-serum-creatinine-based-formulae-a-prospective-study
#4
Rohini Khurana, Satyawati Deswal, Chandra Prakash, Dhananjay Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin also known as Cis-Diammine-Dichloroplatinum (CDDP) is a chemotherapeutic alkylating nephrotoxic agent. Thus, it is necessary to know if renal function is normal before starting chemotherapy. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) can be assessed directly by using a radiopharmaceutical (dGFR). Estimated GFR (eGFR) method use, Serum Creatinine (SCR) levels in mathematical formulae such as Cockroft-Gault (CG) and abbreviated. Modified Diet in Renal Disease (aMDRD). The serum creatinine level is a function of GFR but is relatively insensitive for detecting early renal insufficiency...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202331/genetics-of-gynaecological-cancers
#5
REVIEW
Panayiotis Constantinou, Marc Tischkowitz
Gynaecological cancers accounted for 16.3% of all cancers and 13.9% of all cancer deaths in women globally in 2012. Cancer of the cervix is the most common gynaecological cancer, followed by cancers of the uterus and the ovary. Although cervical cancer is almost exclusively triggered by human papilloma virus infection, approximately 5% of all uterine cancers and 20% of all ovarian cancers are caused by germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes. A number of genetic syndromes are associated with rarer gynaecological tumours...
January 24, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196672/a-study-on-uterine-lymphatic-anatomy-for-standardization-of-pelvic-sentinel-lymph-node-detection-in-endometrial-cancer
#6
Barbara Geppert, Céline Lönnerfors, Michele Bollino, Anastasija Arechvo, Jan Persson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the anatomy of uterine lymphatic drainage following cervical or fundal tracer injection to enable standardization of a pelvic sentinel lymph node (SLN) concept in endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: A prospective consecutive study of women with EC was conducted. A fluorescent dye (Indocyanine green) was injected into the cervix (n=60) or the uterine fundus (n=30). A systematic trans- and retroperitoneal mapping of uterine lymphatic drainage was performed...
February 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195086/altered-expressions-of-notch-1-signaling-proteins-and-beta-catenin-in-progression-of-carcinoma-in-situ-into-squamous-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#7
Na-Hye Myong
BACKGROUND: Activation of Notch-1 signaling pathway and loss of membranous beta-catenin have been known to play key roles in the progression of uterine cervix cancer and thus this study focused any alteration in the expression patterns for Notch-1, p53, and cyclin D1 as well as beta-catenin in squamous carcinoma in situ (CIS) and invasive squamous carcinomas to investigate their roles in the progression of CIS to squamous carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three Notch-1 signaling proteins, such as Notch-1, TP53, and cyclin D1, and a component of cell adhesion complex, beta-catenin, were immunohistochemically stained in 112 uterine cervical tumors including 74 CIS and 38 invasive squamous carcinomas (11 microinvasive and 27 invasive carcinomas)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169196/patterns-of-care-of-cervical-cancer-in-the-elderly-a-qualitative-literature-review
#8
Venkatesulu Bhanu Prasad, Supriya Mallick, G K Rath
INTRODUCTION: Cancer of the uterine cervix is the fourth most common cancer worldwide among women. However, there is limited data about elderly cervical cancer patients and gross underrepresentation of elderly patients in clinical trials. Hence, the optimal therapy of such patients is not well formulated. METHODOLOGY: We conducted this systematic review of evidence to assess patterns of care in elderly patients with cervical cancer. RESULTS: A total of 17,338 publications are reported in PubMed until July, 2016 pertaining to cervical cancer...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144114/on-line-estimations-of-delivered-radiation-doses-in-three-dimensional-conformal-radiotherapy-treatments-of-carcinoma-uterine-cervix-patients-in-linear-accelerator
#9
Suman Kumar Putha, P U Saxena, S Banerjee, Challapalli Srinivas, B M Vadhiraja, Ramamoorthy Ravichandran, Mary Joan, K Dinesh Pai
Transmission of radiation fluence through patient's body has a correlation to the planned target dose. A method to estimate the delivered dose to target volumes was standardized using a beam level 0.6 cc ionization chamber (IC) positioned at electronic portal imaging device (EPID) plane from the measured transit signal (St) in patients with cancer of uterine cervix treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT). The IC with buildup cap was mounted on linear accelerator EPID frame with fixed source to chamber distance of 146...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133246/-a-family-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-having-various-malignant-diseases
#10
Toshiro Ogura, Toru Ishiguro, Yu Muta, Minoru Fukuchi, Tomonori Nagai, Youichi Kumagai, Keiichiro Ishibashi, Erito Mochiki, Hideyuki Ishida
We report a 27-year-old female who was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix associated with Peutz- Jeghers syndrome(PJS). She had undergone 5 surgeries for intestinal intussusception and had been diagnosed with PJS. She was referred to our hospital, complaining of watery vaginal discharge, and was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radical hysterectomy and small intestinal polypectomy by intraoperative endoscopy were performed. Among the third-degree relatives of her family, 10 had been diagnosed with PJS; of these 10, uterine cervical adenocarcinoma occurred in 3 relatives, pancreatic cancer in 2, cholangiocellular carcinoma in 1, and colon cancer in 1...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124469/lichen-sclerosus-and-risk-of-cancer
#11
Pia M Halonen, Maija I Jakobsson, M A Oskari Heikinheimo, Annika E Riska, Mika V Gissler, Eero I Pukkala
Malignant potential of lichen sclerosus (LS) has been suspected, but evidence is sparse. We used the population-based Finnish Cancer Registry data to further study this connection. We identified all women with the diagnosis of LS (n= 7,616) listed in the Finnish Hospital Discharge Registry from 1970-2012. The cohort was followed through the Finnish Cancer Registry for subsequent cancer diagnoses until 2014. Standardized Incidence Ratios (SIRs) were calculated for different cancers by dividing the observed numbers of cancers by expected ones...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122528/a-non-invasive-tool-for-detecting-cervical-cancer-odor-by-trained-scent-dogs
#12
Héctor Guerrero-Flores, Teresa Apresa-García, Ónix Garay-Villar, Alejandro Sánchez-Pérez, David Flores-Villegas, Artfy Bandera-Calderón, Raúl García-Palacios, Teresita Rojas-Sánchez, Pablo Romero-Morelos, Verónica Sánchez-Albor, Osvaldo Mata, Víctor Arana-Conejo, Jesús Badillo-Romero, Keiko Taniguchi, Daniel Marrero-Rodríguez, Mónica Mendoza-Rodríguez, Miriam Rodríguez-Esquivel, Víctor Huerta-Padilla, Andrea Martínez-Castillo, Irma Hernández-Gallardo, Ricardo López-Romero, Cindy Bandala, Juan Rosales-Guevara, Mauricio Salcedo
BACKGROUND: Cervical Cancer (CC) has become a public health concern of alarming proportions in many developing countries such as Mexico, particularly in low income sectors and marginalized regions. As such, an early detection is a key medical factor in improving not only their population's quality of life but also its life expectancy. Interestingly, there has been an increase in the number of reports describing successful attempts at detecting cancer cells in human tissues or fluids using trained (sniffer) dogs...
January 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115961/encrusted-cystitis-after-definitive-radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer-a-case-report
#13
Elisabetta Perrucci, Valentina Lancellotta, Maika di Benedetto, Isabella Palumbo, Fabio Matrone, Marino Chiodi, Riccardo Lombi, Marta Marcantonini, Cristina Mariucci, Cynthia Aristei
PURPOSE: Encrusted cystitis is a rare chronic inflammatory disease characterized by calcified plaques of the bladder, previously altered by varies conditions as urological procedures, caused by urea-splitting bacteria. Only one case has been reported on encrusted cystitis occurring after surgery and radiation therapy for a pelvic neoplasm. We report on encrusted cystitis occurred after definitive radiotherapy for bulky uterine cervix cancer, and examine the doses to the bladder wall and the procedure of radiation treatment performed as a possible cause of the onset of the disease...
December 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114406/identification-of-hpv-types-and-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-in-historical-long-term-preserved-formalin-fixed-tissues-in-different-human-organs
#14
Maja Hühns, Andreas Erbersdobler, Annette Obliers, Paula Röpenack
University anatomical-pathological collections represent huge sources of human tissues and preparations from a variety of different diseases. With the help of modern genetic and histological methods, preserved fixed tissues from pathological collections can be used to re-evaluate former diagnoses. We analysed 25 specimens from our pathological collection with ages ranging from 78 to 112 years. The tissues originated from the oral cavity, lip, tongue, lung, bone, kidney, spleen, thymus, larynx, lymph node, penis and uterine cervix with an original diagnosis of epithelial cancers or tuberculosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113360/accurate-cervical-cell-segmentation-from-overlapping-clumps-in-pap-smear-images
#15
Youyi Song, Ee-Leng Tan, Xudong Jiang, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Dong Ni, Siping Chen, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang
Accurate segmentation of cervical cells in Pap smear images is an important step in automatic pre-cancer identification in the uterine cervix. One of the major segmentation challenges is overlapping of cytoplasm, which has not been well-addressed in previous studies. To tackle the overlapping issue, this paper proposes a learning-based method with robust shape priors to segment individual cell in Pap smear images to support automatic monitoring of changes in cells, which is a vital prerequisite of early detection of cervical cancer...
September 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102052/increasing-incidence-of-invasive-and-in-situ-cervical-adenocarcinoma-in-the-netherlands-during-2004-2013
#16
Judith van der Horst, Albert G Siebers, Johan Bulten, Leon F Massuger, Inge McM de Kok
In the developed world, the incidence of cervical squamous cell carcinoma has decreased, however, the incidence of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and invasive adenocarcinoma increased, predominantly in young females. The goal of this study was to evaluate the most recent incidence rates of AIS, adenocarcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix in the Netherlands in 2004-2013. By using Dutch national pathology and cancer registries, we calculated European standardized incidence rates (ESR) and estimated annual percentage changes (EAPC) for AIS during 2004-2013 and for invasive cervical carcinomas during 1989-2013...
January 19, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101801/identification-of-changes-in-the-human-papilloma-virus-16-hpv16-genome-during-early-dissemination-of-cervical-cancer-cells-may-complement-histological-diagnosis-of-lymph-node-metastasis
#17
Anirban Roychowdhury, Sudip Samadder, Md Saimul Islam, Kalyansree Chaudhury, Anup Roy, Dipanwita Banerjee, Ranajit Mandal, Partha S Basu, Susanta Roychoudhury, Chinmay Kumar Panda
Cancer of the uterine cervix (CACX) is one of the most common carcinoma affecting women worldwide. During treatment, histologically lymph node (LN) metastasis and presence of HPV DNA in blood plasma act as a major prognostic factor. Despite the lack of apparent LN involvement, some early-invasive CACX patients have shown recurrences and poor survival. This is suggestive of undetected early dissemination of cancer cells characterized by presence of HPV DNA in histologically non-metastatic LNs which finally progresses into histologically visible metastasis...
January 19, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101349/clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lower-uterine-segment-a-case-report
#18
Yusuke Matoba, Iori Kisu, Keiko Saotome, Motoko Katayama, Makiko Taniguchi, Yumiko Miura, Taeko Goto, Nobumaru Hirao
Uterine carcinoma of the lower uterine segment (LUS) is a rare tumor that accounts for 3-3.5% of cases of uterine malignant cancer. The tumor arises from the lower region of the uterine body through the upper region of the cervix. The present study reported a case of clear cell carcinoma that originated from the LUS. A 50-year-old woman visited a local hospital due to irregular vaginal bleeding. She was suspected to have a uterine tumor and was referred to Tachikawa Hospital (Tokyo, Japan). Transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a uterine tumor from the lower region of the uterine body through the upper region of the cervix...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100242/intraoperative-radiotherapy-in-gynaecological-and-genito-urinary-malignancies-focus-on-endometrial-cervical-renal-bladder-and-prostate-cancers
#19
REVIEW
Marco Krengli, Carla Pisani, Letizia Deantonio, Daniela Surico, Alessandro Volpe, Nicola Surico, Carlo Terrone
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) refers to the delivery of a single radiation dose to a limited volume of tissue during a surgical procedure. A literature review was performed to analyze the role of IORT in gynaecological and genito-urinary cancer including endometrial, cervical, renal, bladder and prostate cancers.Literature search was performed by Pubmed and Scopus, using the words "intraoperative radiotherapy/IORT", "gynaecological cancer", "uterine/endometrial cancer", "cervical/cervix cancer", "renal/kidney cancer", "bladder cancer" and "prostate cancer"...
January 19, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052083/pregnancy-outcomes-after-treatment-for-cervical-cancer-precursor-lesions-an-observational-study
#20
Sheila Weinmann, Allison Naleway, Geeta Swamy, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Bhakti Arondekar, Jovelle Fernandez, Evan Myers
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether surgical procedures involving the uterine cervix were associated with pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, cesarean delivery and pregnancy loss. DESIGN: Population-based observational study nested in retrospective matched cohort. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Northwest integrated health plan in Oregon/Washington, U.S.A. POPULATION: Female health plan members age 14-53 years with documented pregnancies from 1998-2009...
2017: PloS One
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