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Uterine cervix cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029937/neoadjuvant-trials-can-accelerate-research-on-novel-systemic-treatment-modalities-in-cancer-of-the-uterine-cervix
#1
EDITORIAL
Peter A van Dam, Christian Rolfo, Rossna Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989927/metastatic-uterine-cancer-looking-as-cervical-fibroid-in-recurrent-breast-cancer-woman-a-case-report
#2
So Young Seo, Jin Yong Shin, Yong Il Ji
Metastasis to the female genital tract from extragenital primary cancer is uncommon. In this case, a 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with invasive lobular carcinoma of the left breast in 2011. She had left breast conserving surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy (gosereline and tamoxifen). However, she developed menorrhagia after interruption of hormonal therapy and incidentally, the ultrasonogram of her pelvis showed a solid, large mass in the cervix. It looked like leiomyoma. Because of massive vaginal bleeding requiring multiple blood transfusions, she underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984674/targeted-genomic-profiling-reveals-recurrent-kras-mutations-in-mesonephric-like-adenocarcinomas-of-the-female-genital-tract
#3
Jelena Mirkovic, Marie McFarland, Elizabeth Garcia, Lynette M Sholl, Neal Lindeman, Laura MacConaill, Fei Dong, Michelle Hirsch, Marisa R Nucci, Charles M Quick, Christopher P Crum, W Glenn McCluggage, Brooke E Howitt
Mesonephric adenocarcinoma most commonly arises in the cervix and is presumed to be derived from normal or hyperplastic mesonephric remnants. It is characterized by recurrent KRAS mutations and lack of PIK3CA/PTEN alterations. Adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus and ovary characterized by morphologic and immunophenotypic similarities to mesonephric adenocarcinoma have been reported. The pathogenesis of these tumors, which have been designated "mesonephric-like adenocarcinomas" is unknown, and it has been debated whether these represent mesonephric adenocarcinomas that arise in the endometrium/ovary or endometrioid adenocarcinomas that closely mimic mesonephric adenocarcinoma...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969421/polylactide-based-block-co-polymeric-micelles-loaded-with-chlorin-e6-for-photodynamic-therapy-in-vitro-evaluation-in-monolayer-and-3d-spheroid-models
#4
Preeti Kumari, Shreya Jain, Balaram Ghosh, Vladimir Petrovich Zorin, Swati Biswas
Recently, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has found wide application as a non-invasive treatment modality for several cancers. However, the suboptimal delivery of photosensitizers (PSs) to the tumor site is a drawback, which inhibits the effectiveness of PDT. Hydrophobicity, strong oxygen and light dependence, and limited tissue penetrability of photosensitizers represent the major barriers to the clinical application of PDT. In order to improve biopharmaceutical properties of a clinically approved photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6), we developed a nano-formulation encapsulating Ce6 in methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactide) (mPEG-PLA) co-polymeric micelles...
October 2, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969256/role-of-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived-parameters-as-imaging-biomarkers-and-correlation-with-clinicopathological-features-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#5
Ramireddy Jeba Karunya, Putta Tharani, Subhashini John, Ramani Manoj Kumar, Saikat Das
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is emerging as a powerful tool in the evaluation and management of cervical cancer. The role of Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) with Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) as a non-invasive imaging biomarker is promising in characterization of the tumour and prediction of response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of conventional MRI and diffusion weighted MRI in predicting clinicopathological prognostic factors...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958736/image-guided-high-dose-rate-intracavitary-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-medically-inoperable-early-stage-endometrioid-type-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#6
Scott E Jordan, Ida Micaily, Enrique Hernandez, J Stuart Ferriss, Curtis T Miyamoto, Shidong Li, Bizhan Micaily
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case series is to describe the treatment and outcomes of a cohort of patients with inoperable early-stage endometrioid endometrial cancer with 3D image-guided high-dose-rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review was performed of patients with early-stage endometrial cancer who underwent primary radiation treatment between 2010 and 2016. Staging and treatment planning were performed CT, pelvic ultrasound, and pelvic MRI...
September 22, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919095/laparoscopic-near-infrared-fluorescent-imaging-as-an-alternative-option-for-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-endometrial-cancer-a-prospective-study
#7
Salih Taşkın, Yavuz Emre Şükür, Duygu Altın, Cevriye Cansız Ersöz, Batuhan Turgay, Duygu Kankaya, Mete Güngör, Fırat Ortaç
BACKGROUND: To evaluate feasibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping by using near-infrared fluorescent imaging and indocyanine green (NIR/ICG) integrated laparoscopic system in clinically uterine-confined endometrial cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinically early-stage endometrial cancer were included in this prospective study. ICG was injected to the uterine cervix and NIR/ICG integrated laparoscopic system (Spies Full HD D-Light P ICG technology, Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) was used during the operations...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859123/prognostic-significance-of-the-co-expression-of-egfr-and-her2-in-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#8
Asako Ueda, Akira Takasawa, Taishi Akimoto, Kumi Takasawa, Tomoyuki Aoyama, Yoshihiko Ino, Masanori Nojima, Yusuke Ono, Masaki Murata, Makoto Osanai, Tadashi Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi Saito, Norimasa Sawada
Prognostic factors and therapeutic targets are needed for the patients with cervical adenocarcinoma because they have a poor prognosis. Recently, co-expression of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) has been found to be associated with aggressive biological behavior and poor prognosis of several types of malignancy. To evaluate the significance of the expression of multiple RTKs in uterine cervical cancers, we examined the expression profile of RTKs (EGFR, HER2 and c-Met) and the correlation of their expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with cervical adenocarcinomas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840302/comparison-of-18-f-fdg-pet-mri-and-mri-for-pre-therapeutic-tumor-staging-of-patients-with-primary-cancer-of-the-uterine-cervix
#9
Theresia Sarabhai, Benedikt M Schaarschmidt, Axel Wetter, Julian Kirchner, Bahriye Aktas, Michael Forsting, Verena Ruhlmann, Ken Herrmann, Lale Umutlu, Johannes Grueneisen
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess and compare the diagnostic performance of integrated PET/MRI and MRI alone for local tumor evaluation and whole-body tumor staging of primary cervical cancers. In addition, the corresponding impact on further patient management of the two imaging modalities was assessed. METHODS: A total of 53 consecutive patients with histopathological verification of a primary cervical cancer were prospectively enrolled for a whole-body 18F-FDG PET/MRI examination...
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838412/intestinal-and-nonintestinal-cancer-risks-for-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Sushil K Garg, Fernando S Velayos, John B Kisiel
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease that confers a higher risk of cancer than in the general population. New, large, population-based studies in the past decade show that patients with CD are at higher risk of colorectal, small bowel, melanoma, and cervical cancer. Patients who use thiopurines are at additional risk of development of lymphoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Preventive surveillance for cancers of the colorectum, skin, and uterine cervix is advised.
September 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796747/morphologic-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-endometrium-and-cervix-in-comparison-to-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#11
Baohui Ju, Jianmei Wang, Bo Yang, Lin Sun, Yuhong Guo, Quan Hao, Jianghua Wu
Endometrial clear cell carcinoma (ECCC) and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix (CCAC) are uncommon gynecologic cancers that have morphologic and phenotypic features similar to ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), but the 3 entities may not be completely identical. This study identified the morphologic and phenotypic characteristics and the differences between ECCC and CCAC in Comparison to OCCC. The morphologic features of 16 ECCCs, 7 CCACs, and 22 OCCCs are described. The immunoprofiles of hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 1β, napsin A, estrogen, progesterone, p53, and Ki-67 were assessed...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777141/cytologic-histologic-discrepancies-in-pathology-of-the-uterine-cervix-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-pathologic-factors
#12
Fadi W Abdul-Karim, Bin Yang
Cytologic-histologic correlation (CHC) represents a documented effort to obtain and compare, when available, gynecologic cytology reports with an interpretation of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, with the subsequent histopathology report, and to determine the possible cause of any discrepancy. The correlation is influenced by multiple closely interdependent clinical and pathologic factors. Many of these factors including the sensitivity and accuracy of colposcopy-directed biopsy, the diligence of the colposcopist, and the attributes of the cervical lesion represent "preanalytical" factors which can significantly affect the CHC outcome, but are often less emphasized during CHC process...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768676/role-of-metastasectomy-and-chemotherapy-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#13
Nasir Ali, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi
Squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix is potentially a curable disease; however, many patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy develop distant metastases, with few of them having a single metastatic deposit. There are no guidelines for the treatment of patients with oligometastatic cervical cancer.We present a case of a patient with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage IIB squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. She was successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with definitive intent...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763739/risk-of-malignancy-on-suspicion-of-polyps-in-menopausal-women
#14
Sandra Bel, Camille Billard, Julien Godet, Victor Viviani, Cherif Akladios, Aline Host, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisrame, Michel Hummel, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Lise Lecointre, Olivier Garbin
Improved performances in gynaecological ultrasonography have enabled an increasing number of often asymptomatic endometrial polyps to be detected. Most of these polyps are removed surgically, as a precautionary measure, so as not to miss a case of endometrial cancer. Nonetheless, this management strategy is based solely on the sonographer's judgement and a number of these operations, which are probably of no benefit, could be avoided. In order to do so, risk factors for malignancy need to be identified. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of lesions in menopausal patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of endometrial polyp...
September 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761376/the-impact-of-examined-lymph-node-count-on-survival-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#15
Juan Zhou, Wen-Wen Zhang, San-Gang Wu, Zhen-Yu He, Jia-Yuan Sun, Yan Wang, Qiong-Hua Chen
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic impact of the number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) in different histological subtypes of cervical cancer remains unclear. We aimed to assess the impact of the number of ELNs in stage IA2-IIA cervical cancer with different histological subtypes. METHODS: Data of patients with stage IA2-IIA squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) of the uterine cervix between 1988 and 2013 were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730962/phosphonium-salt-displays-cytotoxic-effects-against-human-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Dhanyalayam Dhanya, Giuseppe Palma, AnnaRita Cappello, Annaluisa Mariconda, Maria Stefania Sinicropi, Francesca Giordano, Vitale Del Vecchio, Anna Ramunno, Claudio Arra, Pasquale Longo, Carmela Saturnino
Aims/ Objective: Phosphonium salts are compounds whose structural characteristics enable them to cross the plasma and mitochondrial membrane with ease. Cancer cells have higher plasma membrane potentials than normal cells, phosphonium salts selectively accumulate in the mitochondria of neoplastic cells and inhibit mitochondrial function. METHOD: In the presente work, we investigate the cytotoxic activity of lipophilic phosphonium salt (11-methoxy11-oxo-undecyl) triphenylphosphonium bromide (MUTP) as well as of two new phosphine oxide salts, 3,3'-(methylphosphoryl) dibenzenaminium chloride (SBAMPO) and 3,3' (phenylphosphoryl) dibenzenaminium chloride (SBAPPO) on the proliferation of breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and human uterin cervix adenocarcinoma cells (HeLa)...
July 19, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702779/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-fallopian-tube-metastases-from-primary-endometrial-cervical-and-nongynecological-malignancies-a-single-institutional-experience
#17
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
This study was aimed at investigating the clinicopathological characteristics of tubal metastases originating from primary endometrial, cervical, and nongynecological malignancies. We performed a 4-year retrospective study in which fallopian tube tissues obtained from 60 patients with tubal metastases were examined. In addition, we compared the number of tubal metastasis cases detected during periods of representative or whole tubal sampling. Twenty-three and 37 tubal metastases were found in cases examined after representative and whole tubal sampling techniques, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701894/volume-measurement-by-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-cervical-cancer
#18
Shinya Fujii, Naoki Iwata, Chie Inoue, Naoko Mukuda, Takeru Fukunaga, Toshihide Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the validity of tumor volume measurement using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging in cervical cancer. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients, who underwent preoperative 3.0 T MR examinations with DW imaging were evaluated. Tumor volume measurement by oblique axial (short axis to the uterine cervix) T2-weighted imaging was performed by manually outlining the tumor on the monitor. The area of tumor in each slice was multiplied by the slice profile (slice thickness plus intersection gap), and the total tumor volume was calculated by summation of these obtained volumes...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700431/methods-for-measuring-and-staging-a-uterine-cervical-adenocarcinoma-showing-intracystic-papillary-growth-a-case-report
#19
Hiroshi Yoshida, Shunichi Ikeda, Takafumi Tsukada, Reiko Watanabe, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Tomoyasu Kato
Endocervical adenocarcinomas usually demonstrate infiltrative and/or destructive invasion, and the depth and horizontal extent of the invasion are known to have prognostic utility. Here, we report the unusual case of a patient with endocervical adenocarcinoma showing intracystic papillary growth and discuss our methods for measuring and staging this lesion. A 45-yr-old Japanese woman (gravida, 0; para, 0) underwent a cone biopsy for squamous cell carcinoma in situ and atypical glandular cells. Macroscopically, an intracystic tumor (∼7...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697913/uterine-transposition-technique-and-a-case-report
#20
Reitan Ribeiro, Juliano Camargo Rebolho, Fernanda Keiko Tsumanuma, Giovana Gugelmin Brandalize, Carlos Henrique Trippia, Karam Abou Saab
OBJECTIVE: To report the first uterine transposition for fertility preservation in a patient with rectal cancer. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Community hospital. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old patient with stage cT3N1M0 rectal adenocarcinoma located 5 cm from the anal margin. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic transposition of the uterus to the upper abdomen, outside of the scope of radiation, was performed to preserve fertility...
August 2017: Fertility and Sterility
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