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plant-based diet and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#1
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#2
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754409/diet-quality-the-greeks-had-it-right
#3
John J B Anderson, David C Nieman
The Mediterranean diet is upheld in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines as an example of an eating pattern that promotes good health, a healthy body weight, and disease prevention throughout the lifespan. The Mediterranean eating pattern is based on a variety of unprocessed plant foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds that are high in polyphenols. The majority of polyphenols arrive in the colon where bacteria degrade them into smaller phenolics that can be translocated via the portal vein to the liver...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645350/low-fat-plant-based-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Vijayshree Yadav, Gail Marracci, Edward Kim, Rebecca Spain, Michelle Cameron, Shannon Overs, Andrew Riddehough, David K B Li, John McDougall, Jesus Lovera, Charles Murchison, Dennis Bourdette
BACKGROUND: The role that dietary interventions can play in multiple sclerosis (MS) management is of huge interest amongst patients and researchers but data evaluating this is limited. Possible effects of a very-low-fat, plant-based dietary intervention on MS related progression and disease activity as measured by brain imaging and MS related symptoms have not been evaluated in a randomized-controlled trial. Despite use of disease modifying therapies (DMT), poor quality of life (QOL) in MS patients can be a significant problem with fatigue being one of the common disabling symptoms...
September 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613382/nutraceuticals-a-paradigm-of-proactive-medicine
#5
Antonello Santini, Gian Carlo Tenore, Ettore Novellino
Nutraceuticals define a new category which shades the frontier between drugs and food. As per its definition, a nutraceutical is "a food or part of a food that provides benefits health in addition to its nutritional content". Active substances either way extracted from plants (phytocomplexes) or of animal origin, when extracted, concentrated and administered in a suitable pharmaceutical form, can create a very promising toolbox useful to prevent and/or support the therapy of some pathologic conditions given their proven clinical efficacy...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538854/-1-h-nmr-based-metabolic-study-reveals-the-improvements-of-bitter-melon-momordica-charantia-on-energy-metabolism-in-diet-induced-obese-mouse
#6
Hui-Xi Bian, Ze-Yu Wu, Bin Bao, Jing Cai, Xin Wang, Ying Jiang, Jian Liu, Wei Qu
CONTEXT: Obesity can be ameliorated by some natural products such as polyphenol, flavones and saponin. As a typical medicinal plant, Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) (bitter melon, BM) contains these natural chemicals and reduces diet-induced obesity in mice. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the metabolic effects of dietary BM supplement, investigates a global metabolic profile and determines associated perturbations in metabolic pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with low-fat diet (LFD), high-fat diet (HFD) and HFD supplemented with 5% BM based on 37...
August 19, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479196/association-of-animal-and-plant-protein-intake-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality
#7
Mingyang Song, Teresa T Fung, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, Valter D Longo, Andrew T Chan, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Defining what represents a macronutritionally balanced diet remains an open question and a high priority in nutrition research. Although the amount of protein may have specific effects, from a broader dietary perspective, the choice of protein sources will inevitably influence other components of diet and may be a critical determinant for the health outcome. Objective: To examine the associations of animal and plant protein intake with the risk for mortality...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470596/cardiometabolic-risk-and-gut-microbial-phytoestrogen-metabolite-phenotypes
#8
Cara L Frankenfeld
Recent evidence supports that the gut microbial community, independently and/or interactively with dietary intake, is a target for reducing cardiovascular disease risk through its effects on cardiometabolic risk factors. Dietary phytoestrogens may be a source for interactive effects. Phytoestrogens, such as isoflavones, lignans, and flavonoids, are compounds found in plants that have estrogenic or antiestrogenic activities, as well as antioxidant, antiproliferative, or apoptotic actions. Given these physiological activities, phytoestrogens may have a role in cardiometabolic health...
July 28, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459634/a-prospective-study-of-dietary-patterns-and-cancer-mortality-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-regards-cohort
#9
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Maria Pisu, Susan G Lakoski, James Shikany, Michael Goodman, Suzanne E Judd
Marked racial differences exist in dietary patterns and obesity, as well as cancer mortality. This study aims to assess whether dietary patterns are associated with cancer mortality overall and by race. We identified 22,041 participants from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. Dietary patterns were categorized into: Convenience (Chinese and Mexican foods, pasta, pizza), Plant-based (fruits, vegetables), Southern (added fats, fried foods, sugar-sweetened beverages), Sweets/Fats (sugary foods) and Alcohol/Salads (alcohol, green-leafy vegetables, salad dressing)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405372/effect-of-plant-based-diets-on-obesity-related-inflammatory-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intervention-trials
#10
F Eichelmann, L Schwingshackl, V Fedirko, K Aleksandrova
Plant-based dietary interventions have been proposed to reduce obesity induced chronic low-grade inflammation and hence prevent chronic disease risk; however, human evidence remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials aimed to assess the effect of plant-based diets on obesity-related inflammatory biomarker profiles. Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched for articles published until January 2016 and mean differences in biomarkers of inflammatory status were assessed for: C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ɑ), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM), leptin, adiponectin and resistin...
November 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358411/mango-supplementation-modulates-gut-microbial-dysbiosis-and-short-chain-fatty-acid-production-independent-of-body-weight-reduction-in-c57bl-6-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#11
Babajide Ojo, Guadalupe Davila El-Rassi, Mark E Payton, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, Stephen Clarke, Brenda J Smith, Edralin A Lucas
BACKGROUND: High-fat (HF) diet-induced obesity is associated with changes in the gut microbiota. Fiber and other bioactive compounds in plant-based foods are suggested to prevent gut dysbiosis brought on by HF feeding. Mango is high in fiber and has been reported to have anti-obesogenic, hypoglycemic, and immunomodulatory properties. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of freeze-dried mango pulp combined with an HF diet on the cecal microbial population and its relation to body composition, lipids, glucose parameters, short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production, and gut inflammatory markers in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity...
August 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289540/amino-acid-changes-during-transition-to-a-vegan-diet-supplemented-with-fish-in-healthy-humans
#12
Amany Elshorbagy, Fredrik Jernerén, Marianne Basta, Caroline Basta, Cheryl Turner, Maram Khaled, Helga Refsum
PURPOSE: To explore whether changes in dietary protein sources can lower plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), aromatic amino acids and sulfur amino acids (SAAs) that are often elevated in the obese, insulin-resistant state and in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (mean age 31 ± 2 years) underwent a voluntary abstinence from meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products for 6 weeks, while enriching the diet with fish, in fulfillment of a religious fast...
June 11, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152261/soy-based-renoprotection
#13
REVIEW
Nancy J McGraw, Elaine S Krul, Elizabeth Grunz-Borgmann, Alan R Parrish
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant public health problem as risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, hypertension and diabetes rise in the global population. Currently there are no effective pharmacologic treatments for this disease. The role of diet is important for slowing the progression of CKD and managing symptoms in later stages of renal insufficiency. While low protein diets are generally recommended, maintaining adequate levels of intake is critical for health. There is an increasing appreciation that the source of protein may also be important...
May 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127938/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-diseases-asthma-and-mental-health-problems
#14
Alexander Medina-RemÓn, Richard Kirwan, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Ramón Estruch
Diet and lifestyle play a significant role in the development chronic diseases; however the full complexity of this relationship is not yet understood. Dietary pattern investigation, which reflects the complexity of dietary intake, has emerged as an alternative and complementary approach to examining the association between diet and chronic diseases. Literature on this association has largely focused on individual nutrients, with conflicting outcomes, but individuals consume a combination of foods from many groups that form dietary patterns...
April 29, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962178/protective-effects-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-type-2-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Chih-Hao Lee, Ramón Estruch, Clary B Clish, Emilio Ros
Several studies provide evidence supporting a beneficial effect from the traditional Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). This review summarizes the current scientific evidence from epidemiologic studies and clinical trials on the relation between the MedDiet and T2DM and MetS and the possible mechanisms underlying the reported associations. A recent meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies showed that greater adherence to the MedDiet was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of diabetes...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824967/onset-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-a-low-carbohydrate-weight-loss-diet-and-treatment-with-a-plant-based-diet-a-case-report
#16
Mitsuro Chiba, Satoko Tsuda, Masafumi Komatsu, Haruhiko Tozawa, Yuko Takayama
Overweight and obesity are global health concerns. Various effective weight-loss diets have been developed, including the Atkins diet. The Atkins diet is known as an extreme low-carbohydrate diet. This diet reduces body weight and has gained widespread popularity. However, the metabolite profiles of such a diet have been shown to be detrimental to colonic health. Therefore, a concern for the long-term health effects of this diet exists. We encountered a case in which ulcerative colitis developed while the patient was following the Atkins diet...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26510075/plant-based-diet-reduces-weight-and-cholesterol-levels-in-obese-children
#17
Joan Zolot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26374180/plant-based-and-plant-rich-diet-patterns-during-gestation-beneficial-effects-and-possible-shortcomings
#18
REVIEW
Francesca Pistollato, Sandra Sumalla Cano, Iñaki Elio, Manuel Masias Vergara, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
Environmental and lifestyle factors are known to play an important role during gestation, determining newborns' health status and influencing their risk of being subject to certain noncommunicable diseases later in life. In particular, maternal nutritional patterns characterized by a low intake of plant-derived foods could increase the risk of gestation-related issues, such as preeclampsia and pregravid obesity, increase genotoxicant susceptibility, and contribute to the onset of pediatric diseases. In particular, the risk of pediatric wheeze, diabetes, neural tube defects, orofacial clefts, and some pediatric tumors seems to be reduced by maternal intake of adequate amounts of vegetables, fruits, and selected antioxidants...
September 2015: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26355190/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-comparisons-of-metabolic-profiles-between-vegetarian-and-non-vegetarian-subjects-a-matched-cohort-study
#19
Yen-Feng Chiu, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Tina H T Chiu, Chun-Yi Lee, Ting-Ting Liu, Chwen Keng Tsao, Su-Chun Chuang, Chao A Hsiung
Several previous cross-sectional studies have shown that vegetarians have a better metabolic profile than non-vegetarians, suggesting that a vegetarian dietary pattern may help prevent chronic degenerative diseases. However, longitudinal studies on the impact of vegetarian diets on metabolic traits are scarce. We studied how several sub-types of vegetarian diets affect metabolic traits, including waist circumference, BMI, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol (TC), HDL, LDL, TAG and TC:HDL ratio, through both cross-sectional and longitudinal study designs...
October 28, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26331100/dietary-preferences-and-nutritional-information-needs-among-career-firefighters-in-the-united-states
#20
Justin Yang, Andrea Farioli, Maria Korre, Stefanos N Kales
BACKGROUND: Considerable cardiovascular disease and cancer risk among firefighters are attributable to excess adiposity. Robust evidence confirms strong relationships between dietary patterns and the risk of chronic disease. Dietary modification is more likely to be effective when the strategy is appealing and addresses knowledge gaps. OBJECTIVE: To assess career firefighters' diet practices and information needs, compare the relative appeal of proposed diet plans, and examine how these vary in association with body composition...
July 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
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