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plant-based diet and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710519/effects-of-shenling-baizhu-powder-herbal-formula-on-intestinal-microbiota-in-high-fat-diet-induced-nafld-rats
#1
Yupei Zhang, Kairui Tang, Yuanjun Deng, Runsen Chen, Shu Liang, Huijun Xie, Yifang He, Yanning Chen, Qinhe Yang
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease closely associated with obesity, diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Shenling Baizhu powder (SLBZP), a formulation of a variety of natural medicinal plants, has hepatoprotective properties and clinical efficacy in treating non-infectious intestinal disease. SLBZP has improved NAFLD symptoms; however, its mechanism of action is unknown. METHODS: We established an NAFLD model in rats given a high-fat diet (HFD), administered different interventions and measured serum biochemical indices and inflammatory factors...
April 3, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670913/vegetarian-diet-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#2
Ranjita Misra, Padmini Balagopal, Sudha Raj, Thakor G Patel
Research studies have shown that plant-based diets confer cardiovascular and metabolic health benefits. Asian Indians (AIs) in the US (who have often followed plant-based diets) have elevated risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity suggesting ethnic vulnerability that imply genetic and/or lifestyle causative links. This study explored the association between this ethnic group and diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome after controlling for demographics, acculturation, family history of diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592809/exploring-the-potential-of-black-tea-based-flavonoids-against-hyperlipidemia-related-disorders
#3
Ali Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Sajid Arshad, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Sohaib, Rizwan Munir
BACKGROUND: In recent decade, Hyperlipidemia related disorders like obesity, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes are considered as the leading killers for mankind. Fundamental nexus between nutrition and health diverting the consumers focus towards plant based natural products as a remedy against various metabolic syndrome. Considering this, present study was conducted to explicate the role of black tea polyphenols such as Theaflavins and thearubigins therapeutic potential to tackle targeted maladies especially oxidative stress related disorders like hypercholesterolemia and diabetes...
March 27, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570653/elucidating-adverse-nutritional-implications-of-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-mycotoxins-through-stable-isotope-techniques
#4
Victor O Owino, Carolin Cornelius, Cornelia U Loechl
Multiple drivers of the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) include a rapid shift from predominantly plant-based diets to energy-dense foods based on meats, milk, animal fats and vegetable oils. The shift to overweight and obesity is driven by increased exposure to mass media, urbanization, technological advances in food processing, rising income and increased population density associated with increased access to cheap foods. At the same time, undernutrition persists mainly due to food insecurity and lack of access to safe water, sanitation and adequate health care...
March 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555333/nutritional-patterns-associated-with-the-maintenance-of-neurocognitive-functions-and-the-risk-of-dementia-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-focus-on-human-studies
#5
REVIEW
Francesca Pistollato, Ruben Calderón Iglesias, Roberto Ruiz, Silvia Aparicio, Jorge Crespo, Luis Dzul Lopez, Piera Pia Manna, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
Ample epidemiological evidence suggests a strong correlation among diet, lifestyle factors and the onset and consolidation of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been demonstrated that AD, diabetes, obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease are strongly interconnected pathologies. Preventive strategies and nutritional interventions seem to be promising approaches to delay neurocognitive decline and reduce the risk of AD and other non-psychiatric co-morbidities. In this regard, healthy dietary patterns, characterized by high intake of plant-based foods, probiotics, antioxidants, soy beans, nuts, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and a low intake of saturated fats, animal-derived proteins, and refined sugars, have been shown to decrease the risk of neurocognitive impairments and eventually the onset of AD...
May 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506219/plant-based-diets-for-children-as-a-means-of-improving-adult-cardiometabolic-health
#6
Malgorzata A Desmond, Jakub Sobiecki, Mary Fewtrell, Jonathan C K Wells
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest contributor to global mortality, and this trend is expected to continue. Although mortality rates have been falling, adverse developments in obesity and diabetes threaten to reverse this. It has been estimated that the only viable strategy to reduce the epidemic is to focus on population-wide risk factor reduction. Primordial prevention, a strategy aimed at avoiding the development of risk factors before the disease onset, has been shown to reduce the CVD epidemic substantially...
April 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458352/reducing-ghg-emissions-while-improving-diet-quality-exploring-the-potential-of-reduced-meat-cheese-and-alcoholic-and-soft-drinks-consumption-at-specific-moments-during-the-day
#7
Mirjam E van de Kamp, S Marije Seves, Elisabeth H M Temme
BACKGROUND: The typical Western diet is associated with high levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and with obesity and other diet-related diseases. This study aims to determine the impact of adjustments to the current diet at specific moments of food consumption, to lower GHG emissions and improve diet quality. METHODS: Food consumption in the Netherlands was assessed by two non-consecutive 24-h recalls for adults aged 19-69 years (n = 2102). GHG emission of food consumption was evaluated with the use of life cycle assessments...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374557/molecular-paths-linking-metabolic-diseases-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-and-enterobacteria-infections
#8
REVIEW
Matteo Serino
Alterations of both ecology and functions of gut microbiota are conspicuous traits of several inflammatory pathologies, notably metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. Moreover, the proliferation of enterobacteria, subdominant members of the intestinal microbial ecosystem, has been shown to be favored by Western diet, the strongest inducer of both metabolic diseases and gut microbiota dysbiosis. The inner interdependence between the host and the gut microbiota is based on a plethora of molecular mechanisms by which host and intestinal microbes modify each other...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327229/leopoldia-comosa-prevents-metabolic-disorders-in-rats-with-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#9
T Casacchia, F Scavello, C Rocca, M C Granieri, G Beretta, D Amelio, F Gelmini, A Spena, R Mazza, C C Toma, Tommaso Angelone, Giancarlo Statti, T Pasqua
PURPOSE: Obesity is the main feature of a complex illness known as metabolic syndrome. Anti-obesogenic therapies are often associated with side effects and represent a high cost in conventional pharmacological approaches. New strategies based on natural remedies are under continuous investigation. Leopoldia comosa (L.) Parl. (L. comosa) is a spontaneous plant with diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Recently, a hypoglycemic activity mediated by inhibition of carbohydrate digestion has been identified...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232626/targeted-isolation-and-identification-of-bioactive-compounds-lowering-cholesterol-in-the-crude-extracts-of-crabapples-using-uplc-dad-ms-spe-nmr-based-on-pharmacology-guided-pls-da
#10
Chao Wen, Dongshan Wang, Xing Li, Tao Huang, Cheng Huang, Kaifeng Hu
The anti-hyperlipidemic effects of crude crabapple extracts derived from Malus 'Red jade', Malus hupehensis (Pamp.) Rehd. and Malus prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. were evaluated on high-fat diet induced obese (HF DIO) mice. The results revealed that some of these extracts could lower serum cholesterol levels in HF DIO mice. The same extracts were also parallelly analyzed by LC-MS in both positive and negative ionization modes. Based on the pharmacological results, 22 LC-MS variables were identified to be correlated with the anti-hyperlipidemic effects using partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and independent samples t-test...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134858/ancel-benjamin-keys-1904-2004-his-early-works-and-the-legacy-of-the-modern-mediterranean-diet
#11
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Joshua Bernstein
Culturally congruent dietary patterns have evolved with geographic and societal traditions and can be traced as far back as pre-Hellenistic Greece. Today, the modern Mediterranean diet (MDiet) is recognized internationally as an anti-obesogenic cardioprotective dietary model consisting of plant-based foods native to the Mediterranean basin, fish, olive oil, and an active lifestyle. With the assumption that obesity and heart disease rates adversely affected life expectancy, the MDiet was identified by Dr Ancel Keys as a primary characteristic among people-groups largely immune to these trends...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065499/an-overview-of-dietary-interventions-and-strategies-to-optimize-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
REVIEW
Brandon J Perumpail, Rosann Cholankeril, Eric R Yoo, Donghee Kim, Aijaz Ahmed
Aim : To investigate the efficacy of lifestyle adjustment strategies as a preventive measure and/or treatment of obesity-related non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults. Method : A systematic review of literature through 1 July 2017 on the PubMed Database was performed. A comprehensive search was conducted using key terms, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), combined with lifestyle intervention, diet, and exercise. All of the articles and studies obtained from the search were reviewed. Redundant literature was excluded...
October 22, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814950/-morinda-citrifolia-l-leaf-extract-prevent-weight-gain-in-sprague-dawley-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#14
Najla Gooda Sahib Jambocus, Amin Ismail, Alfi Khatib, Fawzi Mahomoodally, Nazamid Saari, Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz, Azizah Abdul Hamid
Background : Morinda citrifolia L. is widely used as a folk medicinal food plant to manage a panoply of diseases, though no concrete reports on its potential anti-obesity activity. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of M. citrifolia leaf extracts (MLE60) in the prevention of weight gain in vivo and establish its phytochemical profile. Design : Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into groups based on a normal diet (ND) or high fat diet (HFD), with or without MLE60 supplementation (150 and 350 mg/kg body weight) and assessed for any reduction in weight gain...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796289/medicine-is-not-health-care-food-is-health-care-plant-metabolic-engineering-diet-and-human-health
#15
REVIEW
Cathie Martin, Jie Li
Contents 699 I. 699 II. 700 III. 700 IV. 706 V. 707 VI. 714 714 References 714 SUMMARY: Plants make substantial contributions to our health through our diets, providing macronutrients for energy and growth as well as essential vitamins and phytonutrients that protect us from chronic diseases. Imbalances in our food can lead to deficiency diseases or obesity and associated metabolic disorders, increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Nutritional security is now a global challenge which can be addressed, at least in part, through plant metabolic engineering for nutritional improvement of foods that are accessible to and eaten by many...
November 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792455/cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-plant-based-diets
#16
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard
Cardio-metabolic disease, namely ischemic heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, represent substantial health and economic burdens. Almost one half of cardio-metabolic deaths in the U.S. might be prevented through proper nutrition. Plant-based (vegetarian and vegan) diets are an effective strategy for improving nutrient intake. At the same time, they are associated with decreased all-cause mortality and decreased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease events by an estimated 40% and the risk of cerebral vascular disease events by 29%...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770334/association-between-organic-food-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-results-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#17
Julia Baudry, Hélène Lelong, Solia Adriouch, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Denis Lairon, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764799/metabolomics-study-of-the-therapeutic-mechanism-of-schisandra-chinensis-lignans-in-diet-induced-hyperlipidemia-mice
#18
Jing-Hui Sun, Xu Liu, Li-Xin Cong, He Li, Cheng-Yi Zhang, Jian-Guang Chen, Chun-Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Schisandra, a globally distributed plant, has been widely applied for the treatment of diseases such as hyperlipidemia, fatty liver and obesity in China. In the present work, a rapid resolution liquid chromatography coupled with quadruple-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF-MS)-based metabolomics was conducted to investigate the intervention effect of Schisandra chinensis lignans (SCL) on hyperlipidemia mice induced by high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Hyperlipidemia mice were orally administered with SCL (100 mg/kg) once a day for 4 weeks...
August 1, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746163/the-potential-contribution-of-dietary-factors-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#19
Niva Shapira
Breast cancer (BC), the leading cancer in women, is increasing in prevalence worldwide, concurrent with western metabolic epidemics, that is, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, and shares major risk factors with these diseases. The corresponding potential for nutritional contributions toward BC prevention is reviewed and related to critical stages in the life cycle and their implications for carcinogenic and pathometabolic trajectories. BC initiation potentially involves diet-related pro-oxidative, inflammatory, and procarcinogenic processes, that interact through combined lipid/fatty acid peroxidation, estrogen metabolism, and related DNA-adduct/depurination/mutation formation...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#20
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
February 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
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