keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant-based diet and cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197615/dietary-polyacetylenes-falcarinol-and-falcarindiol-isolated-from-carrots-prevents-the-formation-of-neoplastic-lesions-in-the-colon-of-azoxymethane-induced-rats
#1
Morten Kobaek-Larsen, Rime B El-Houri, Lars P Christensen, Issam Al-Najami, Xavier Fretté, Gunnar Baatrup
Falcarinol (FaOH) and falcarindiol (FaDOH) are found in many food plants of the Apiaceae family. Carrots are a major dietary source of these polyacetylenes. Feeding azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rats with carrots and purified FaOH have previously been shown to inhibit neoplastic transformations in the colon. FaOH and FaDOH have also shown to have a synergistic effect in vitro, resulting in a significant increased cytotoxic activity. Based on these findings the antineoplastic effect of FaOH and FaDOH (purity > 99%) was investigated in the AOM-induced rat model...
February 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193578/a-food-based-approach-that-targets-interleukin-6-a-key-regulator-of-chronic-intestinal-inflammation-and-colon-carcinogenesis
#2
Abigail Sido, Sridhar Radhakrishnan, Sung Woo Kim, Elisabeth Eriksson, Frank Shen, Qunhua Li, Vadiraja Bhat, Lavanya Reddivari, Jairam K P Vanamala
Studies have shown a causal link between high-calorie diet (HCD) and colon cancer. However, molecular mechanisms are not fully elucidated. To understand etiology of HCD-induced colon carcinogenesis, we screened 10 pathways linked to elevated colonic cell proliferation and chronic inflammation in an HCD-consuming human-relevant pig model. We observed elevated colonic mucosal interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in HCD-consuming pigs compared to standard diet controls (SD, P=.04), and IL-6 strongly correlated with Ki-67 proliferative index and zone, early biomarkers of colon cancer risk (r=0...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110703/plant-based-diets-relatively-low-in-bioavailable-phosphate-and-calcium-may-aid-prevention-and-control-of-prostate-cancer-by-lessening-production-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23
#3
Mark F McCarty
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a hormonal regulator of phosphate and vitamin D metabolism produced primarily in bone by osteocytes and mature osteoblasts, is now known to have growth factor activity for many prostate cancers. In some of these cancers, autocrine production of FGF23 drives their proliferation. FGF23 synthesized within bone likely promotes the expansion of prostate cancer bone metastases. Hence, dietary or lifestyle factors which boost bone's production of FGF23 may encourage the induction and spread of prostate cancer...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078982/phytochemicals-a-novel-and-prominent-source-of-anti-cancer-drugs-against-colorectal-cancer
#4
Ravikiran Mahadevappa, Hang Fai Kwok
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant disease whose incidence and mortality rates are greatly influenced by environmental factors. Under-treatment of CRC such as a poor diagnostic evaluation, less aggressive surgery, less intensive chemotherapy results in metastasizing of the primary tumor cells and recurrence of cancer. Prolonged chemotherapy treatment against cancer is hazardous to the patients, which also limits its use in cancer therapy. Current research in developing a novel anti-cancer agent, direct towards finding a better anti-metastatic and an anti-invasive drug with reduced side effects...
January 12, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031192/identifying-biomarkers-of-dietary-patterns-by-using-metabolomics
#5
Mary C Playdon, Steven C Moore, Andriy Derkach, Jill Reedy, Amy F Subar, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes, Fangyi Gu, Jukka Kontto, Camille Lassale, Linda M Liao, Satu Männistö, Alison M Mondul, Stephanie J Weinstein, Melinda L Irwin, Susan T Mayne, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary patterns that conform to national dietary guidelines are related to lower chronic disease incidence and longer life span. However, the precise mechanisms involved are unclear. Identifying biomarkers of dietary patterns may provide tools to validate diet quality measurement and determine underlying metabolic pathways influenced by diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the correlation of 4 diet quality indexes [the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2010, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED), the WHO Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and the Baltic Sea Diet (BSD)] with serum metabolites...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951449/plant-flavonoids-in-cancer-chemoprevention-role-in-genome-stability
#6
REVIEW
Vazhappilly Cijo George, Graham Dellaire, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
Carcinogenesis is a multistage process that involves a series of events comprising of genetic and epigenetic changes leading to the initiation, promotion and progression of cancer. Chemoprevention is referred to as the use of nontoxic natural compounds, synthetic chemicals or their combinations to intervene in multistage carcinogenesis. Chemoprevention through diet modification, i.e., increased consumption of plant-based food, has emerged as a most promising and potentially cost-effective approach to reducing the risk of cancer...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918906/diet-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-among-never-smokers-and-smokers-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Carrie Butler, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Shuang Li, Qian Li, Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Pen-Jen Lou, Cairong Zhu, Jian Pan, Hongbing Shen, Hongxia Ma, Lin Cai, Baochang He, Yu Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Qinghai Ji, Baosen Zhou, Wei Wu, Jie Ma, Paolo Boffetta, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Min Dai, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in China to investigate the association between diet and the risk of head-and-neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between diet and HNC risk in the Chinese population and to examine whether smoking status has any effect on the risk. METHODS: Our multicenter case-control study included 921 HNC cases and 806 controls. We obtained information on the frequency of both animal- and plant-based food consumption...
February 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894200/differences-in-the-association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-and-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
Francesca Bella, Justyna Godos, Antonella Ippolito, Alessia Di Prima, Salvatore Sciacca
Plant-based dietary patterns have been associated with decreased cancer risk. The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of studies comparing empirically derived dietary patterns in relation to cancer risk. A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases was conducted. Eligible studies had an observational design and evaluated the association with cancer risk between a posteriori derived dietary patterns. Random-effects models were applied to calculate relative risks (RRs) of cancer between diets...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#9
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#10
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793797/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-dietary-recommendations-for-cancer-prevention-and-risk-of-cancer-in-elderly-from-europe-and-the-united-states-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-project
#11
Nicole Jankovic, Anouk Geelen, Renate M Winkels, Blaise Mwungura, Veronika Fedirko, Mazda Jenab, Anne K Illner, Hermann Brenner, José M Ordóñez-Mena, Jessica C Kiefte de Jong, Oscar H Franco, Philippos Orfanos, Antonia Trichopoulou, Paolo Boffetta, Antonio Agudo, Petra H Peeters, Anne Tjønneland, Göran Hallmans, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Yikyung Park, Edith J Feskens, Lisette C de Groot, Ellen Kampman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether dietary recommendations for cancer prevention are applicable to the elderly. We analyzed WCRF/AICR recommendations in cohorts of European and U.S. adults ages 60 years and above. METHODS: Individual participant data meta-analysis included 362,114 participants (43% women), from seven prospective cohort studies, free from cancer at enrollment. The WCRF/AICR diet score was based on: (i) energy-dense foods and sugary drinks, (ii) plant foods, (iii) red and processed meat, and (iv) alcoholic drinks...
January 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708121/harmonization-of-food-frequency-questionnaires-and-dietary-pattern-analysis-in-4-ethnically-diverse-birth-cohorts
#12
Russell J de Souza, Michael A Zulyniak, Dipika Desai, Mateen R Shaikh, Natalie C Campbell, Diana L Lefebvre, Milan Gupta, Julie Wilson, Gita Wahi, Stephanie A Atkinson, Koon K Teo, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Sonia S Anand
BACKGROUND: Canada is an ethnically diverse nation, which introduces challenges for health care providers tasked with providing evidence-based dietary advice. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to harmonize food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) across 4 birth cohorts of ethnically diverse pregnant women to derive robust dietary patterns to investigate maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: The NutriGen Alliance comprises 4 prospective birth cohorts and includes 4880 Canadian mother-infant pairs of predominantly white European [CHILD (Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development) and FAMILY (Family Atherosclerosis Monitoring In earLY life)], South Asian [START (SouTh Asian birth cohoRT)-Canada], or Aboriginal [ABC (Aboriginal Birth Cohort)] origins...
November 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580671/factors-affecting-the-soil-arsenic-bioavailability-accumulation-in-rice-and-risk-to-human-health-a-review
#13
Shah Md Golam Gousul Azam, Tushar C Sarker, Sabrina Naz
Arsenic (As), a class one carcinogen, reflects a disastrous environmental threat due to its presence in each and every compartment of the environment. The high toxicity of As is notably present in its inorganic forms. Irrigation with As contaminated groundwater in rice fields increases As concentration in topsoil and its bioavailability for rice crops. However, most of the As in paddy field topsoils is present as As(III) form, which is predominant in rice grain. According to the OECD-FAO, rice is the second most extensively cultivated cereal throughout the world...
October 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539277/nutritional-status-and-diet-in-cancer-prevention
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Bail, Karen Meneses, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the relationship between weight management and diet and cancer prevention, current nutritional guidelines, and evidence-based strategies to reduce cancer risk. DATA SOURCES: Current nutritional guidelines, journal articles published between 2012 and 2015, and internet resources. CONCLUSION: Evidence indicates that attaining and/or maintaining a healthy weight and adopting a diet that is primarily plant-based, low in red and processed meats, simple sugars, and refined carbohydrates, limits alcohol, and relies on food for nutrients can aid in preventing cancer...
August 2016: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473726/impact-of-elimination-or-reduction-of-dietary-animal-proteins-on-cancer-progression-and-survival-protocol-of-an-online-pilot-cohort-study
#15
Anna Catany Ritter, Annarita Sabrina Egger, Jennifer Machacek, Rosa Aspalter
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that the incidence of cancer is low in vegan populations, and experimental studies have revealed a significant role of dietary proteins in cancer development and progression. However, little data currently exists regarding the effect of a plant-based diet on the progression of diagnosed cancer. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to determine if a reduction or total elimination of animal protein from the diet can positively influence the outcome of an existing cancer and, in addition to standard oncological therapies, increase remission rates...
July 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472311/structure-bioactivity-relationships-of-methylxanthines-trying-to-make-sense-of-all-the-promises-and-the-drawbacks
#16
REVIEW
João P Monteiro, Marco G Alves, Pedro F Oliveira, Branca M Silva
Methylxanthines are a group of phytochemicals derived from the purine base xanthine and obtained from plant secondary metabolism. They are unobtrusively included in daily diet in common products as coffee, tea, energetic drinks, or chocolate. Caffeine is by far the most studied methylxanthine either in animal or epidemiologic studies. Theophylline and theobromine are other relevant methylxanthines also commonly available in the aforementioned sources. There are many disseminated myths about methylxanthines but there is increased scientific knowledge to discuss all the controversy and promise shown by these intriguing phytochemicals...
July 27, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459634/a-prospective-study-of-dietary-patterns-and-cancer-mortality-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-regards-cohort
#17
Tomi Akinyemiju, Justin Xavier Moore, Maria Pisu, Susan G Lakoski, James Shikany, Michael Goodman, Suzanne E Judd
Marked racial differences exist in dietary patterns and obesity, as well as cancer mortality. This study aims to assess whether dietary patterns are associated with cancer mortality overall and by race. We identified 22,041 participants from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. Dietary patterns were categorized into: Convenience (Chinese and Mexican foods, pasta, pizza), Plant-based (fruits, vegetables), Southern (added fats, fried foods, sugar-sweetened beverages), Sweets/Fats (sugary foods) and Alcohol/Salads (alcohol, green-leafy vegetables, salad dressing)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456846/paternal-programming-of-breast-cancer-risk-in-daughters-in-a-rat-model-opposing-effects-of-animal-and-plant-based-high-fat-diets
#18
Camile Castilho Fontelles, Luiza Nicolosi Guido, Mariana Papaléo Rosim, Fábia de Oliveira Andrade, Lu Jin, Jessica Inchauspe, Vanessa Cardoso Pires, Inar Alves de Castro, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, Sonia de Assis, Thomas Prates Ong
BACKGROUND: Although males contribute half of the embryo's genome, only recently has interest begun to be directed toward the potential impact of paternal experiences on the health of offspring. While there is evidence that paternal malnutrition may increase offspring susceptibility to metabolic diseases, the influence of paternal factors on a daughter's breast cancer risk has been examined in few studies. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed, before and during puberty, either a lard-based (high in saturated fats) or a corn oil-based (high in n-6 polyunsaturated fats) high-fat diet (60 % of fat-derived energy)...
2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412573/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
J Godos, F Bella, A Torrisi, S Sciacca, F Galvano, G Grosso
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that dietary patterns may play an important role in colorectal cancer risk. The present study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies exploring the association between dietary patterns and colorectal adenomas (a precancerous condition). METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE electronic databases were systematically searched to retrieve eligible studies. Only studies exploring the risk or association with colorectal adenomas for the highest versus lowest category of exposure to a posteriori dietary patterns were included in the quantitative analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402192/polyphenol-based-nutraceuticals-for-the-control-of-angiogenesis-analysis-of-the-critical-issues-for-human-use
#20
REVIEW
Lucia Morbidelli
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood-vessel, is crucial in the pathogenesis of several diseases, and thus represents a druggable target for the prevention and treatment of different disorders. It is nowadays well kwon how diet can control cancer development and progression, and how the use of certain diet components can prevent cancer development. Several studies, also from our lab, now indicate that natural plant products including nutraceuticals modulate tumor angiogenesis. In this review, it is reported how phytochemicals, comprising hydroxytyrosol, resveratrol, genistein, curcumin, and the green tea component epigallocatechin-3-gallate among the others, negatively regulate angiogenesis...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
keyword
keyword
77529
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"