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Wood's lamp

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799192/wood-s-lamp-for-vitiligo-disease-stability-and-early-recognition-of-initiative-pigmentation-after-epidermal-grafting
#1
Yen-Jen Wang, Chang-Cheng Chang, Kun-Lin Cheng
The prerequisite for a successful vitiligo epidermal grafting surgery is the stable status of the disease. We used Wood's lamp to assess vitiligo activity to determine the disease stability, surgical grafting timing and the early recognition of re-pigmentation after grafting. Amelanotic lesions with sharply demarcated borders are typically stable and are good candidates for grafting. The re-pigmentation was first recognised under Wood's lamp as hypochromic islands, which progressed to normally pigmented islands...
August 10, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698752/correlation-between-serum-homocysteine-and-vitiligo-area-scoring-index
#2
Dina R U Hasibuan, Imam B Putra, Nelva K Jusuf
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a chronic skin disorder. White macules caused by melanocyte destruction is a characteristic finding that cosmetically disturbing. Until recently, pathogenesis of vitiligo is still unclear. The role of homocysteine in vitiligo is mentioned in previous studies thus it is probable that it can be a biomarker to determine vitiligo severity. AIM: To determine correlation between serum homocysteine and vitiligo area Scoring Index (VASI). SUBJECT AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional analytic study which involved 30 vitiligo patients that were diagnosed by clinical and Wood's lamp examinations then VASI score was determined and same numbers of control...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516493/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dermatophytosis-in-dogs-and-cats-clinical-consensus-guidelines-of-the-world-association-for-veterinary-dermatology
#3
REVIEW
Karen A Moriello, Kimberly Coyner, Susan Paterson, Bernard Mignon
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytosis is a superficial fungal skin disease of cats and dogs. The most common pathogens of small animals belong to the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton. It is an important skin disease because it is contagious, infectious and can be transmitted to people. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this document is to review the existing literature and provide consensus recommendations for veterinary clinicians and lay people on the diagnosis and treatment of dermatophytosis in cats and dogs...
June 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442876/idiosyncratic-findings-in-trichoscopy-of-tinea-capitis-comma-zigzag-hairs-corkscrew-and-morse-code-like-hair
#4
Ebtisam Elghblawi
Dermoscopy is a method of growing significance in the diagnoses of dermatological pigmented skin diseases. However, in my case, mycology culture was negative and successful treatment was given on the basis of trichoscopy and wood lamp examination. I hereby describe a young boy with tinea capitis, multiple "comma hairs" and "zigzag hair" and a subtle additional feature "Morse code-like hair" when intensification was applied. Dermatoscopic aspects found skin Type 2 in a child of as a distinctive dermoscopic finding...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405548/clinicoepidemiological-and-mycological-study-of-tinea-capitis-in-the-pediatric-population-of-kashmir-valley-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#5
Yasmeen J Bhat, Sumaya Zeerak, Farhat Kanth, Atiya Yaseen, Iffat Hassan, Rubina Hakak
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection that predominantly affects the pediatric population. The etiological factors vary from region to region, and the exact incidence remains obscure. The clinicoepidemiological and mycological aspects of this dermatophytosis were studied in a tertiary care centre in Kashmir valley. AIM: To determine the clinicoepidemiological aspects and mycological findings of dermatophytes involved in tinea capitis cases in Kashmir valley...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400636/a-study-of-vitiligo-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#6
Leena Raveendra, Rekha N Hemavathi, Sushma Rajgopal
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus is associated with many skin manifestations including vitiligo. Vitiligo occurs more commonly in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. A few recent studies have shown its increased occurrence in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. AIMS: This study aims to study the prevalence of vitiligo in Type 2 diabetic patients and to compare the prevalence of vitiligo in age- and sex-matched group of nondiabetic population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the Department of Dermatology in a tertiary care hospital...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212773/a-grayscale-photograph-with-high-dynamic-range-taken-under-a-wood-s-lamp-for-better-recognition-of-vitiligo-lesions
#7
Jung Min Bae, Tae Young Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174288/direct-substrate-delivery-into-mitochondrial-fission-deficient-pancreatic-islets-rescues-insulin-secretion
#8
Uma D Kabra, Katrin Pfuhlmann, Adriana Migliorini, Susanne Keipert, Daniel Lamp, Olle Korsgren, Moritz Gegg, Stephen C Woods, Paul T Pfluger, Heiko Lickert, Charles Affourtit, Matthias H Tschöp, Martin Jastroch
In pancreatic β-cells, mitochondrial bioenergetics control glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Mitochondrial dynamics are generally associated with quality control, maintaining the functionality of bioenergetics. By acute pharmacological inhibition of mitochondrial fission protein Drp1, we demonstrate in this study that mitochondrial fission is necessary for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in mouse and human islets. We confirm that genetic silencing of Drp1 increases mitochondrial proton leak in MIN6 cells...
May 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053047/structural-analysis-of-pathogenic-mutations-in-the-dyrk1a-gene-in-patients-with-developmental-disorders
#9
Jochem M G Evers, Roman A Laskowski, Marta Bertolli, Jill Clayton-Smith, Charu Deshpande, Jacqueline Eason, Frances Elmslie, Frances Flinter, Carol Gardiner, Jane A Hurst, Helen Kingston, Usha Kini, Anne K Lampe, Derek Lim, Alison Male, Swati Naik, Michael J Parker, Sue Price, Leema Robert, Ajoy Sarkar, Volker Straub, Geoff Woods, Janet M Thornton, Caroline F Wright
Haploinsufficiency in DYRK1A is associated with a recognizable developmental syndrome, though the mechanism of action of pathogenic missense mutations is currently unclear. Here we present 19 de novo mutations in this gene, including five missense mutations, identified by the Deciphering Developmental Disorder study. Protein structural analysis reveals that the missense mutations are either close to the ATP or peptide binding-sites within the kinase domain, or are important for protein stability, suggesting they lead to a loss of the protein's function mechanism...
February 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579541/vitiligo-co-existing-with-lichen-striatus-more-than-a-coincidence
#10
LETTER
J H Chong, D Mermin, J F Goussot, A Taïeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504543/efficacy-of-trichloro-acetic-acid-peel-alone-versus-combined-topical-magnesium-ascorbyl-phosphate-for-epidermal-melasma
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fatima Murtaza, Abdur Rahim Bangash, Arshad Khushdil, Sahibzada Mahmood Noor
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy in terms of reduction in melasma area and severity index (MASI) score by more than 10 of a combination of 20% trichloro-acetic acid peel plus 5% topical magnesium ascorbyl phosphate versus 20% trichloroacetic acid peel alone in the treatment of epidermal melasma. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Dermatology, Lady Reading Hospital (LRH), Peshawar, from May 2012 to May 2013...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473262/molecular-identification-of-the-western-drywood-termite-isoptera-kalotermitidae-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-of-dna-from-fecal-pellets
#12
Tatsuya Ide, Natsumi Kanzaki, Wakako Ohmura, Kimiko Okabe
A rapid and technically simple molecular detection method was developed for the western drywood termite, Incisitermes minor (Hagen), which is among the most harmful pests of wooden architectures. The method features DNA extraction from fecal pellets and species-specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of DNA. As drywood termites have low moisture requirements, they easily infest artificial wooden products, and are likely to spread by human transportation of infested wood and wooden products. Rapid detection and accurate identification are essential tools for termite eradication at new sites of introduction...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432811/the-lived-environment-life-quality-model-for-institutionalized-people-with-dementia-le-lived-environment-life-quality-model-pour-intervenir-dans-les-%C3%A3-tablissements-de-soins-aupr%C3%A3-s-des-personnes-atteintes-d-une-d%C3%A3-mence
#13
Wendy Wood, Jenna L Lampe, Christina A Logan, Amy R Metcalfe, Beth E Hoesly
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a conceptual practice model that explicates ecological complexities involved in using occupation to optimize the quality of life of institutionalized people with dementia. PURPOSE: This study aimed to prepare the Lived Environment Life Quality Model, a dementia-specific conceptual practice model of occupational therapy in institutional facilities, for publication and application to practice. METHOD: Interviews and focus groups with six expert occupational therapists were subjected to qualitative content analysis to confirm, disconfirm, and further develop the model...
July 18, 2016: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356406/-analysis-of-oncomelania-hupensis-status-in-schistosomiasis-surveillance-sites-of-yunnan-province-in-2015
#14
Mei-fen Shen, Xi-guang Feng, Ning-bo Huang, Yun Zhang, Ming-shou Wu, Jing Song, Meng-tao Xiong, Li-fang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the Oncomelania hupensis distribution and infection status in the schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Yunnan Province, so as to provide the evidence for making the control and prevention measures. METHODS: Eighteen administrative villages were selected as the surveillance sites where the schistosomiasis endemic was serious in 18 epidemic counties, one village for one county. The snail status was investigated with the systematic sampling and environmental sampling methods, and the infection status of the snails was detected by a microscope and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)...
February 2016: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294050/clinical-and-epidemiological-features-of-coryneform-skin-infections-at-a-tertiary-hospital
#15
Malcolm Pinto, Ganesh Kamath Hundi, Ramesh Marne Bhat, Nanda Kishore Bala, Sukumar Dandekeri, Jacintha Martis, Srinath M Kambil
BACKGROUND: Skin infections caused by coryneform bacteria are common dermatological conditions. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies are available on the clinical characteristics and epidemiological features of this group of disorders as one entity from India and abroad. AIMS: To study the clinical and epidemiological features of coryneform skin infections. METHODS: A total of 75 patients presenting with clinically distinctive lesions of pitted keratolysis, erythrasma and trichobacteriosis to our hospital were included in the study...
May 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248295/possible-zika-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-united-states-and-territories-may-2016
#16
Regina M Simeone, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Dana Meaney-Delman, Emily E Petersen, Romeo R Galang, Titilope Oduyebo, Brenda Rivera-Garcia, Miguel Valencia-Prado, Kimberly B Newsome, Janice Pérez-Padilla, Tonya R Williams, Matthew Biggerstaff, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein
Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1), and it is the first known mosquito-borne infection to cause congenital anomalies in humans. The establishment of a comprehensive surveillance system to monitor pregnant women with Zika virus infection will provide data to further elucidate the full range of potential outcomes for fetuses and infants of mothers with asymptomatic and symptomatic Zika virus infection during pregnancy. In February 2016, Zika virus disease and congenital Zika virus infections became nationally notifiable conditions in the United States (2)...
May 27, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155232/vitamin-d-treatment-in-somali-women-living-in-sweden-two-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies
#17
Amra Osmancevic, Taye Demeke, Martin Gillstedt, Eva Angesjö, Håkan Sinclair, Gamal Abd El-Gawad, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen
OBJECTIVE: There is limited information about the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and the effects of treatment on immigrants. The effects of oral vitamin D intake and UVB treatment on vitamin D status in healthy Somali women living in Sweden were analysed. DESIGN: Two studies were carried out; a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, with oral drops of 800 IU and 1600 IU cholecalciferol and similar amounts of placebo given daily during 12 weeks and a single-blind, placebo-controlled study, using UVB (4·3-8·7 J/cm(2) ) or Woods lamp (placebo) on the upper body, or the face and hands...
October 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018442/molecular-identification-of-an-invasive-wood-boring-insect-lyctus-brunneus-coleoptera-bostrichidae-lyctinae-using-frass-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-and-nested-pcr-assays
#18
Tatsuya Ide, Natsumi Kanzaki, Wakako Ohmura, Kimiko Okabe
Lyctus brunneus(Stephens) is one of the most destructive and worldwide invasive pests of seasoned woods for wooden products. This and other pestLyctusspecies have had their distribution expanded by international and domestic human transportation of infested wood and wood products. Rapid detection and accurate identification ofLyctusspecies are effective tools for helping to eradicate them in new introduction sites. The accurate species-level identification of adults requires expert knowledge about their morphology...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974579/wood-degradation-under-uv-irradiation-a-lignin-characterization
#19
Antoine Cogulet, Pierre Blanchet, Véronic Landry
The photodegradation of white spruce by artificial ageing was studied by several techniques: colourimetry, FTIR-ATR and FT-Raman spectroscopy. Samples were exposed at a xenon lamp for 2000h. Two distinct colour changes were found by colourimetric analysis, yellowing and silvering. These colour modifications indicate the formation of chromophoric structures which supports previous FTIR-ATR experiments. The degradation of lignin to generate the first chromophoric group for yellowing and then the appearance of surface layer cellulose...
May 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818271/a-comparison-of-methods-to-assess-mastectomy-flap-viability-in-skin-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-reconstruction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Brian Rinker
BACKGROUND: Skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction can yield excellent aesthetic results, but high rates of mastectomy flap necrosis have been reported. A prospective cohort study was undertaken to compare three methods of assessing mastectomy flap viability following skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction to determine which is most effective in reducing mastectomy flap necrosis. METHODS: The study group included 60 consecutive patients (99 breasts) undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with either tissue expanders (n = 39) or transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps (n = 21)...
February 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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