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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108394/unsmoothed-functional-mri-of-the-human-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-during-processing-of-emotional-faces
#1
Ronald Sladky, Nicole Geissberger, Daniela M Pfabigan, Christoph Kraus, Martin Tik, Michael Woletz, Katharina Paul, Thomas Vanicek, Bastian Auer, Georg S Kranz, Claus Lamm, Rupert Lanzenberger, Christian Windischberger
Functional neuroimaging of the human amygdala has been of great interest to uncover the neural underpinnings of emotions, mood, motivation, social cognition, and decision making, as well as their dysfunction in psychiatric disorders. Yet, several factors limit in vivo imaging of amygdalar function, most importantly its location deep within the temporal lobe adjacent to air-filled cavities that cause magnetic field inhomogeneities entailing signal dropouts. Additionally, the amygdala and the extended amygdalar region consist of several substructures, which have been assigned different functions and have important implications for functional and effective connectivity studies...
January 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106040/the-effects-of-prior-stress-on-anxiety-like-responding-to-intra-bnst-pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-in-male-and-female-rats
#2
S Bradley King, Kim R Lezak, Micaela O'Reilly, Donna J Toufexis, William A Falls, Karen Braas, Victor May, Sayamwong E Hammack
Chronic or repeated exposure to stressful stimuli can result in several maladaptive consequences, including increased anxiety-like behaviors and altered peptide expression in anxiety-related brain structures. Among these structures, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) has been implicated in emotional behaviors as well as regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. In male rodents, chronic variate stress (CVS) has been shown to increase BNST pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its cognate PAC1 receptor transcript, and BNST PACAP signaling may mediate the maladaptive changes associated with chronic stress...
January 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104355/allopregnanolone-induces-state-dependent-fear-via-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis
#3
Gillian M Acca, Abel S Mathew, Jingji Jin, Stephen Maren, Naomi Nagaya
Gonadal steroids and their metabolites have been shown to be important modulators of emotional behavior. Allopregnanolone (ALLO), for example, is a metabolite of progesterone that has been linked to anxiety-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder. In rodents, it has been shown to reduce anxiety in a number of behavioral paradigms including Pavlovian fear conditioning. We have recently found that expression of conditioned contextual (but not auditory) freezing in rats can be suppressed by infusion of ALLO into the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)...
January 16, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070973/dissociation-between-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-during-threat-anticipation-in-female-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-patients
#4
Leonie Brinkmann, Christine Buff, Paula Neumeister, Sara V Tupak, Michael P I Becker, Martin J Herrmann, Thomas Straube
Feelings of uncontrollability and anxiety regarding possibly harmful events are key features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. Due to a lack of studies, the neural correlates of anticipatory anxiety in PTSD are still poorly understood. During functional magnetic resonance imaging, female PTSD patients with interpersonal violence trauma and healthy controls (HC) anticipated the temporally unpredictable presentation of aversive (human scream) or neutral sounds. Based on separate analysis models, we investigated phasic and sustained brain activations...
January 10, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008079/the-effects-of-stimulus-novelty-and-negativity-on-bold-activity-in-the-amygdala-hippocampus-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis
#5
Walker S Pedersen, Nicholas L Balderston, Tara A Miskovich, Emily L Belleau, Fred J Helmstetter, Christine L Larson
The amygdala responds to stimulus novelty, which may correspond to an evaluation of novel stimuli for potential threat, and trait anxiety may modulate this response. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) may also be sensitive to novelty as it responds to both uncertainty and threat. If so, a BNST novelty response may also be affected by trait anxiety and interact with stimulus negativity. We presented participants with novel and repeated negative and neutral images while measuring brain activity via fMRI, and assessed participants' self-reported trait anxiety...
December 21, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007657/aging-and-estradiol-effects-on-gene-expression-in-the-medial-preoptic-area-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-and-posterodorsal-medial-amygdala-of-male-rats
#6
Victoria L Nutsch, Margaret R Bell, Ryan G Will, Weiling Yin, Andrew Wolfe, Ross Gillette, Juan M Dominguez, Andrea C Gore
Studies on the role of hormones in male reproductive aging have traditionally focused on testosterone, but estradiol (E2) also plays important roles in the control of masculine physiology and behavior. Our goal was to examine the effects of E2 on the expression of genes selected for E2-sensitivity, involvement in behavioral neuroendocrine functions, and impairments with aging. Mature adult (MAT, 5 mo) and aged (AG, 18 mo) Sprague-Dawley male rats were castrated, implanted with either vehicle or E2 subcutaneous capsules, and euthanized one month later...
December 20, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956747/acute-engagement-of-gq-mediated-signaling-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-induces-anxiety-like-behavior
#7
C M Mazzone, D Pati, M Michaelides, J DiBerto, J H Fox, G Tipton, C Anderson, K Duffy, J M McKlveen, J A Hardaway, S T Magness, W A Falls, S E Hammack, Z A McElligott, Y L Hurd, T L Kash
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is a brain region important for regulating anxiety-related behavior in both humans and rodents. Here we used a chemogenetic strategy to investigate how engagement of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling cascades in genetically defined GABAergic BNST neurons modulates anxiety-related behavior and downstream circuit function. We saw that stimulation of vesicular γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter (VGAT)-expressing BNST neurons using hM3Dq, but neither hM4Di nor rM3Ds designer receptors exclusively activated by a designer drug (DREADD), promotes anxiety-like behavior...
December 13, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888284/attenuation-of-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-cocaine-by-5-ht1b-autoreceptor-stimulation-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-of-rats
#8
Adam K Klein, Michael A Brito, Sayeh Akhavan, Dylan R Flanagan, Nikki Le, Tatum Ohana, Anand S Patil, Erin M Purvis, Carl Provenzano, Alex Wei, Lucy Zhou, Aaron Ettenberg
RATIONALE: Cocaine produces significant aversive/anxiogenic actions whose underlying neurobiology remains unclear. A possible substrate contributing to these actions is the serotonergic (5-HT) pathway projecting from the dorsal raphé (DRN) to regions of the extended amygdala, including the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) which have been implicated in the production of anxiogenic states. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the contribution of 5-HT signaling within the BNST to the anxiogenic effects of cocaine as measured in a runway model of drug self-administration...
February 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876653/manual-segmentation-of-the-human-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-using-3t-mri
#9
Justin D Theiss, Caitlin Ridgewell, Maureen McHugo, Stephan Heckers, Jennifer Urbano Blackford
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)-a small gray matter region located in the basal forebrain-has been implicated in both anxiety and addiction based on compelling evidence from rodent and non-human primate studies. However, the BNST's small size and proximity to other gray matter regions has hindered non-invasive study in human subjects using standard neuroimaging methods. While initial studies have benefitted from a BNST mask created from a single human subject using a 7T scanner, individual variability is likely-especially in patient populations-thus a manual segmentation protocol is needed...
November 19, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866960/ethanol-seeking-behavior-is-expressed-directly-through-an-extended-amygdala-to-midbrain-neural-circuit
#10
Melanie M Pina, Christopher L Cunningham
Abstinent alcohol-dependent individuals experience an enduring sensitivity to cue-induced craving and relapse to drinking. There is considerable evidence indicating that structures within the midbrain and extended amygdala are involved in this process. Individually, the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) have been shown to modulate cue-induced ethanol-seeking behavior. It is hypothesized that cue-induced seeking is communicated through a direct projection from the BNST to VTA...
January 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805752/targeting-corticotropin-releasing-factor-crf-projections-from-the-oval-nucleus-of-the-bnst-using-cell-type-specific-neuronal-tracing-studies-in-mouse-and-rat-brain
#11
Joanna Dabrowska, Daisy Martinon, Mahsa Moaddab, Donald G Rainnie
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is known to play a critical role in mediating the behavioral and autonomic responses to stressors. The oval nucleus of the BNST (BNSTov) contains cell bodies that synthesize the stress hormone, corticotropin releasing factor (CRF). Although afferent fibers originating from the BNSTov have been shown to innervate several key structures of the neuroendocrine and central autonomic system, the question remains as to whether, some of these fibers are CRF-positive. To directly address this question, we injected a "floxed" anterograde tracer (rAAV5/EF1a-DIO-mCherry) into the BNSTov of CRFp3...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780778/resting-state-connectivity-of-the-human-habenula-at-ultra-high-field
#12
Salvatore Torrisi, Camilla L Nord, Nicholas L Balderston, Jonathan P Roiser, Christian Grillon, Monique Ernst
The habenula, a portion of the epithalamus, is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, anxiety and addiction disorders. Its small size and connection to other small regions prevent standard human imaging from delineating its structure and connectivity with confidence. Resting state functional connectivity is an established method for mapping connections across the brain from a seed region of interest. The present study takes advantage of 7 T fMRI to map, for the first time, the habenula resting state network with very high spatial resolution in 32 healthy human participants...
October 22, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773594/5-ht2c-receptors-in-the-bnst-are-necessary-for-the-enhancement-of-fear-learning-by-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#13
Eliza Pelrine, Sara Diana Pasik, Leyla Bayat, Debora Goldschmiedt, Elizabeth P Bauer
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely prescribed to treat anxiety and depression, yet they paradoxically increase anxiety during initial treatment. Acute administration of these drugs prior to learning can also enhance Pavlovian cued fear conditioning. This potentiation has been previously reported to depend upon the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). Here, using temporary inactivation, we confirmed that the BNST is not necessary for the acquisition of cued or contextual fear memory...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717050/transient-and-persistent-behavioral-and-molecular-changes-in-primiparous-female-wistar-rats
#14
Roshan R Naik, Trynke R de Jong
Motherhood brings about a multitude of behavioral and physiological changes in dams and some of these persist until after weaning. We studied behavioral changes associated with reproductive experience at lactating day (LD)8, at weaning (LD21), and 28 days post-weaning (PW28) compared to nulliparous (NP) females. Furthermore, in another cohort of animals, we quantified mRNA expression of five target genes known to be associated with maternal experience: arginin-vasopressin(Avp) and its 1A receptor(Avpr1a), oxytocin(Oxt) and its receptor(Oxtr), and corticotropin-releasing hormone(Crh) in three key maternal region: the medial preoptic area (MPOA), bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus(PVN)...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698427/cannabinoid-cb1-receptors-in-distinct-circuits-of-the-extended-amygdala-determine-fear-responsiveness-to-unpredictable-threat
#15
M D Lange, T Daldrup, F Remmers, H J Szkudlarek, J Lesting, S Guggenhuber, S Ruehle, K Jüngling, T Seidenbecher, B Lutz, H C Pape
The brain circuits underlying behavioral fear have been extensively studied over the last decades. Although the vast majority of experimental studies assess fear as a transient state of apprehension in response to a discrete threat, such phasic states of fear can shift to a sustained anxious apprehension, particularly in face of diffuse cues with unpredictable environmental contingencies. Unpredictability, in turn, is considered an important variable contributing to anxiety disorders. The networks of the extended amygdala have been suggested keys to the control of phasic and sustained states of fear, although the underlying synaptic pathways and mechanisms remain poorly understood...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693608/fibroblast-growth-factor-2-alters-the-oxytocin-receptor-in-a-developmental-model-of-anxiety-like-behavior-in-male-rat-pups
#16
Yoav Litvin, Cortney A Turner, Mariel B Rios, Pamela M Maras, Sraboni Chaudhury, Miriam R Baker, Peter Blandino, Stanley J Watson, Huda Akil, Bruce McEwen
We aimed to determine the short-term effects of early-life stress in the form of maternal separation (MS) on anxiety-like behavior in male rat pups. In order to assess anxiety, we measured 40kHz separation-induced ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) on postnatal day (PND) 11. We further aimed to evaluate the potential involvement of two neurochemical systems known to regulate social and anxiety-like behaviors throughout life: oxytocin (OT) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2). For these purposes, we tested the effects of neonatal administration (on PND1) of an acute dose of FGF2 on USV and its potential interaction with MS...
November 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683902/field-potential-oscillations-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-correlate-with-compulsion-in-a-rat-model-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Hemmings Wu, Tim Tambuyzer, Ioana Nica, Marjolijn Deprez, Kris van Kuyck, Jean-Marie Aerts, Sabine Van Huffel, Bart Nuttin
UNLABELLED: The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is implicated in anxiety and reward processing, both of which are associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Specific neuronal groups in the BNST related to anxiety and reward have been identified, but quantitative data about the information carried by local field potential (LFP) signals in this area during obsession/compulsion are lacking. Here we investigate the BNST LFP in the schedule-induced polydipsia, an animal model of OCD...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616710/stress-differentially-regulates-brain-expression-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-in-binge-like-eating-prone-and-resistant-female-rats
#18
Juliane Calvez, Camila de Ávila, Geneviève Guèvremont, Elena Timofeeva
The expression of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a neuropeptide that regulates endocrine and behavioral responses to stress, was assessed in the brain in rats prone or resistant to stress-induced binge-like eating of sucrose. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to unpredictable intermittent 1-h access to sucrose in non-stressful conditions or after exposure to three foot shock stress sessions. Experimental sessions were performed at metestrus, diestrus, and proestrus. The rats were assigned to the binge-like eating prone (BEP) or the binge-like eating resistant (BER) phenotypes according to the rats' persistently high or low sucrose intake following three stress sessions...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569123/ketamine-modulates-catecholamine-transmission-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-stria-terminalis-the-possible-role-of-this-region-in-the-antidepressant-effects-of-ketamine
#19
Roberto Cadeddu, Dragana Jadzic, Ezio Carboni
Since the therapeutic treatment of depression is far from being satisfactory, new therapeutic strategies ought to be pursued. In addition, further investigation on brain areas involved in the action mechanism of antidepressants can shed light on the aetiology of depression. We have previously reported that typical and atypical antidepressants strongly stimulate catecholamine transmission in the bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST). In this study, we have built on that work to examine the effect of ketamine, an unusual antidepressant that can produce a fast-acting and long-lasting antidepressant effect after administration of a single sub-anaesthetic dose...
October 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556938/serotonin-engages-an-anxiety-and-fear-promoting-circuit-in-the-extended-amygdala
#20
Catherine A Marcinkiewcz, Christopher M Mazzone, Giuseppe D'Agostino, Lindsay R Halladay, J Andrew Hardaway, Jeffrey F DiBerto, Montserrat Navarro, Nathan Burnham, Claudia Cristiano, Cayce E Dorrier, Gregory J Tipton, Charu Ramakrishnan, Tamas Kozicz, Karl Deisseroth, Todd E Thiele, Zoe A McElligott, Andrew Holmes, Lora K Heisler, Thomas L Kash
Serotonin (also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) is a neurotransmitter that has an essential role in the regulation of emotion. However, the precise circuits have not yet been defined through which aversive states are orchestrated by 5-HT. Here we show that 5-HT from the dorsal raphe nucleus (5-HT(DRN)) enhances fear and anxiety and activates a subpopulation of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neurons in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (CRF(BNST)) in mice. Specifically, 5-HT(DRN) projections to the BNST, via actions at 5-HT2C receptors (5-HT2CRs), engage a CRF(BNST) inhibitory microcircuit that silences anxiolytic BNST outputs to the ventral tegmental area and lateral hypothalamus...
September 1, 2016: Nature
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