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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342438/vitreoretinal-complications-and-outcomes-in-92-eyes-undergoing-surgery-for-modified-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis-a-10-year-review
#1
Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Vishvesh Agarwal, Sridevi Nair, Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal
PURPOSE: To analyze vitreoretinal (VR) complications and treatment outcomes in eyes undergoing modified osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent modified OOKP (mOOKP) surgery at a tertiary eye-care center from March 2003 to February 2013 were included. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for relevant medical history, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp examination, ultrasound scan, oral examination findings, and VR complications...
January 13, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341510/maternity-ultrasound-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2016-a-review
#2
D Hayes-Ryan, K McNamara, N Russell, L Kenny, K O'Donoghue
Antenatal ultrasound, comprising of a dating ultrasound in the late first trimester followed by a fetal anomaly scan, is a recognised and necessary component of good antenatal care. We conducted a telephone survey of all 19 obstetric units to ascertain the status of maternity ultrasound provision in Ireland. Fetal anomaly ultrasound is offered universally to all women in 7/19 (37%) units, selectively to some women in 7/19 (37%) units and not offered at all in the remaining 5/19 (26%) units. Overall ? 41,700 (64%) women receive a fetal anomaly ultrasound nationally...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340256/clinical-cholecystitis-in-the-absence-of-the-gallbladder
#3
Huda Naim, Syed Askari Hasan, Sameen Khalid, Aamer Abbass, Jason DSouza
The congenital absence of the gallbladder (CAG) is a rare condition with an incidence of 13-65 cases/ 100,000 in the general population. This occurs when the gallbladder and the cystic duct fail to bud from the common bile duct during the fifth week of gestation. Most commonly, the patients with congenital absence of the gallbladder are asymptomatic. When symptomatic, they present as biliary colic, dyspepsia, jaundice or very rarely as acute cholecystitis. We present a case of a 27-year-old female who presented with acute right upper quadrant abdominal pain...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338745/study-of-correlation-between-wall-shear-stress-and-elasticity-in-atherosclerotic-carotid-arteries
#4
Bo Zhang, Junyi Gu, Ming Qian, Lili Niu, Dhanjoo Ghista
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the use of the texture matching method to measure the rabbit carotid artery elasticity value of the experimental group and control group respectively. It compares the experimental rabbits, when they are prompted by pathological histology to be at the period of carotid atherosclerosis fatty streaks and fiber plaques, with the control group. METHODS: We have used ultrasound linear array probe for scanning the rabbit carotid arteries...
January 16, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337005/walker-warburg-syndrome-and-tectocerebellar-dysraphia-a-novel-association-caused-by-a-homozygous-dag1-mutation
#5
Zvi Leibovitz, Hanna Mandel, Tzipora C Falik-Zaccai, Shani Ben Harouch, David Savitzki, Karina Krajden-Haratz, Liat Gindes, Mordechai Tamarkin, Dorit Lev, William B Dobyns, Tally Lerman-Sagie
OBJECTIVES: To elaborate the imaging phenotype associated with a homozygous c.743C > del frameshift mutation in DAG1 leading to complete absence of both α- and β-dystroglycan previously reported in a consanguineous Israeli-Arab family. METHODS: We analyzed prenatal and postnatal imaging data of patients from a consanguineous Israeli-Arab kindred harboring the DAG1 mutation. RESULTS: The imaging studies (fetal ultrasound, CT scan and postnatal MRI) demonstrated: flat cortex (abnormally thick with irregular pebbled cortical-white matter border on MRI), hydrocephalus, scattered small periventricular heterotopia and subependymal hemorrhages and calcifications, z-shaped brainstem, and in addition an occipital encephalocele, vermian agenesis, and an elongated and thick tectum (tectocerebellar dysraphia)...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336851/clinical-utility-of-fetal-short-lag-spatial-coherence-imaging
#6
Will Long, Dongwoon Hyun, Kingshuk Roy Choudhury, David Bradway, Patricia McNally, Brita Boyd, Sarah Ellestad, Gregg E Trahey
In this study, we evaluate the clinical utility of fetal short-lag spatial coherence (SLSC) imaging. Previous work has documented significant improvements in image quality with fetal SLSC imaging as quantified by measurements of contrast and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). The objective of this study was to examine whether this improved technical efficacy is indicative of the clinical utility of SLSC imaging. Eighteen healthy volunteers in their first and second trimesters of pregnancy were scanned using a modified Siemens SC2000 clinical scanner...
January 11, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336754/predictors-and-outcomes-of-nondiagnostic-ultrasound-for-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#7
Richard Sola, Blair A Wormer, William E Anderson, Thomas M Schmelzer, Graham H Cosper
Ultrasound assessments of children with possible acute appendicitis (AA) are often nondiagnostic. We aimed to identify the predictors of nondiagnostic ultrasound and to investigate the outcomes. A retrospective review was conducted on children aged 4 to 17 years evaluated in 2013 for AA with ultrasound at a tertiary hospital pediatric emergency department. Demographics, clinical data, and outcomes were analyzed. Of 528 children, 194 (36.7%) had diagnostic ultrasounds and 334 (63.3%) had nondiagnostic ultrasounds...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335882/clinical-response-to-vim-s-thalamic-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-essential-tremor-is-associated-with-distinctive-functional-connectivity-patterns
#8
Constantin Tuleasca, Elena Najdenovska, Jean Régis, Tatiana Witjas, Nadine Girard, Jérôme Champoudry, Mohamed Faouzi, Jean-Philippe Thiran, Meritxell Bach Cuadra, Marc Levivier, Dimitri Van De Ville
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder. Drug-resistant ET can benefit from standard surgical stereotactic procedures (deep brain stimulation, thalamotomy) or minimally invasive high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) or stereotactic radiosurgical thalamotomy (SRS-T). Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) is a non-invasive imaging method acquired in absence of a task. We examined whether rs-fMRI correlates with tremor score on the treated hand (TSTH) improvement 1 year after SRS-T...
January 15, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335252/diagnostic-reevaluation-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-macedonia-predictors-for-transient-or-permanent-hypothyroidism
#9
Nikolina Zdraveska, Maja Zdravkovska, Violeta Anastasovska, Elena Sukarova-Angelovska, Mirjana Kocova
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic re-evaluation is important for all patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) for determining the etiology and identifying transient CH cases. Our study is a first thyroxine therapy withdrawal study conducted in Macedonian CH patients for a diagnostic re-evaluation. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of CH, the prevalence of transient CH and identify predictive factors for distinguishing between permanent (PCH) and transient CH (TCH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with CH aged > 3 years underwent a trial of treatment withdrawal for 4 weeks period...
January 15, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335229/ciliated-cyst-of-the-gallbladder-a-new-case-and-literature-review
#10
Triki Wissem, Baraket Oussema, Itami Ahmed, Baccar Abdelmajid, Marzouk Ines, Bouchoucha Sami
INTRODUCTION: The ciliated cyst is a rare anomaly that develops from the anterior primitive intestine. Its localization is essentially supra diaphragmatic. It's localization in the gallbladder is very uncommon. CASE REPORT: We report the first case in Tunisia of a ciliated cyst of the gallbladder in a 34 years old woman who was operated for a gallbladder stone and in whom the discovery of a cystic mass attached to the neck of the gallbladder was preoperatively. The pathologic study did conclude to a ciliated cyst...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334275/laparoscopic-ovarian-drilling-versus-gnrh-antagonist-combined-with-cabergoline-as-a-prophylaxis-against-the-re-development-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#11
Emaduldin Seyam, Enas Hefzy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the value of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) compared with GnRH antagonist flexible protocol combined with cabergoline (Cb), as a prophylaxis against the re-development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovary disease (CCR-PCOD) who had severe OHSS before in a previous ICSI cycle. STUDY DESIGN: It is a prospective controlled study, where 250 CCR-PCOD women (n = 250) with a history of severe OHSS before, had been recruited for the study...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333796/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-symptoms-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Jaber Mustafa, Ilan Asher, Zev Sthoeger
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is defined as thrombosis of the deep venous system (subclavian, axillary, brachial, ulnar, and radial veins), which drains the upper extremities. It can be caused by thoracic outlet anatomic obstruction, such as Paget-Schroetter syndrome, (primary) or by central intravenous catheters (secondary). UEDVT may be asymptomatic or present with acute severe pain and arm swelling. Clinical suspicion should be confirmed by diagnostic imaging procedures such as duplex ultrasound, computed tomography scan, or magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333006/rational-use-of-imaging-to-stage-breast-cancer-evidences-for-a-selective-approach
#13
S G D Gangadaran
Introduction: Staging investigations at diagnosis are customary to accurately assign a clinical stage before therapy. The practice of routine imaging in patients asymptomatic for metastasis is not recommended but widely adopted. This study was done to reexamine the basis behind guideline recommendations and to identify the factors predictive of asymptomatic metastasis. Methods: Oncology records of 200 breast cancer patients in clinical Stages I-III at diagnosis were prospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331357/differentiation-of-inflammatory-from-fibrotic-ileal-strictures-among-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-based-on-visual-analysis-feasibility-study-combining-conventional-b-mode-ultrasound-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-strain-elastography
#14
Emilio Quaia, Antonio Giulio Gennari, Maria Assunta Cova, Edwin J R van Beek
The aim of this pilot study was to assess prospectively the feasibility of conventional B-mode ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with real-time strain elastography (SE) in the differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with Crohn's disease (CD) based on visual analysis. Twenty non-consecutive patients (15 male and 5 female; mean age ± standard deviation, 40.2 ± 10.22 y) with CD and stricture of the terminal ileal loop were scanned by conventional B-mode US and CEUS and, subsequently, by real-time SE...
January 10, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330983/ultrasound-and-supine-chest-radiograph-in-road-traffic-accident-patients-a-reliable-and-convenient-way-to-diagnose-pleural-effusion
#15
Uzma Mumtaz, Zainab Zahur, Muhammad Ali Raza, Madiha Mumtaz
BACKGROUND: Portable bed side ultrasound and supine chest radiograph of 80 traumatic patients excluding very clinically unstable patients who subsequently underwent CT scan chest was done for traumatic effusion showing that ultrasound had a higher sensitivity than CXR, 88.23% and 77.94%, respectively, and a similar specificity of 100% and 100%, respectively. Objective of the study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasound and supine chest x-ray in detection of pleural effusion in road traffic accident patients keeping plain CT chest as gold standard...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#16
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329991/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-eus-for-quantification-of-tumor-perfusion-in-colonic-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Marie Louise Malmstrøm, Adrian Săftoiu, Lene B Riis, Hazem Hassan, Tobias W Klausen, Mikkel S Rahbek, Ismail Gögenur, Peter Vilmann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dynamic contrast enhanced endoscopic ultrasound (CE-EUS) for quantification of perfusion in colonic tumors has not previously been reported in the literature. The aim of the study was to investigate correlations between perfusion parameters and vessel density assessed by immunohistochemical staining with antibodies toward CD31 and CD105. METHODS: We conducted a prospective clinical study. In total, 28 patients with left-sided colonic adenocarcinoma, underwent CE-EUS and left-sided hemicolectomy within 2 weeks...
January 9, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329687/bubble-induced-color-doppler-feedback-correlates-with-histotripsy-induced-destruction-of-structural-components-in-liver-tissue
#18
Jonathan J Macoskey, Xi Zhang, Timothy L Hall, Jiaqi Shi, Shahaboddin Alahyari Beig, Eric Johnsen, Fred T Lee, Charles A Cain, Zhen Xu
Bubble-induced color Doppler (BCD) is a histotripsy-therapy monitoring technique that uses Doppler ultrasound to track the motion of residual cavitation nuclei that persist after the collapse of the histotripsy bubble cloud. In this study, BCD is used to monitor tissue fractionation during histotripsy tissue therapy, and the BCD signal is correlated with the destruction of structural and non-structural components identified histologically to further understand how BCD monitors the extent of treatment. A 500-kHz, 112-element phased histotripsy array is used to generate approximately 6- × 6- × 7-mm lesions within ex vivo bovine liver tissue by scanning more than 219 locations with 30-1000 pulses per location...
January 9, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329519/eikenella-corrodens-endocarditis-and-liver-abscess-in-a-previously-healthy-male-a-case-report
#19
Anne Christine Nordholm, Ruth Ottilia Birgitta Vøgg, Henrik Permin, Terese Katzenstein
BACKGROUND: Eikenella corrodens is one of the HACEK bacteria constituting part of the normal flora of the oropharynx, however, still an uncommon pathogen. We report a case of a large Eikenella corrodens liver abscess with simultaneously endocarditis in a previously healthy male. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old Danish man was admitted because of one-month malaise, fever, cough and unintentional weight loss. On admission there was elevated white blood cell count and C-reactive protein, as well as affected liver function tests...
January 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328792/identification-and-management-of-nontraumatic-splenic-rupture
#20
Samanthi De Silva
A 43-year old previously fit and well gentleman presented to the emergency department (ED) with a two day history of worsening epigastric pain. He had had coryzal symptoms the preceding week but had no other past medical history. He was haemodynamically stable at presentation and an ultrasound scan (US) performed in the ED could not definitively rule out intra-abdominal fluid. In view of his tender abdomen on examination and a haemoglobin level of 9.2g/dL, a computerised tomography (CT) scan was performed and revealed extensive high-density fluid within the peritoneal cavity, raising the possibility of a concealed bleed but no obvious source was identified by the scan...
December 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
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